you are watching bbc news. the headlines: the american film star carrie fisher has died after suffering a cardiac arrest. she was 06. she died in hospital in los angeles. -- 60. the angeles. —— 60. the japanese prime minister has become the first leader of his country in more than half a century to visit pearl harbor. he joined president obama to commemorate those killed in the japanese attack on the naval base 75 years ago. 29 former police officers have gone on trial in turkey accused of aiding the failed military coup against president erdogan. thousands have been put under arrest following the coup. this is the first trial of the alleged plotters. scloo now on bbc news it's time for
our world, disabled and displaced. a film about the plight of refugees who have been injured in the syrian conflict. nicky fox went tojordan earlier this year to hear their stories. it's one of greatest humanitarian disasters of our generation. a conflict that has not only torn apart families, it's torn apart an entire country. around 11 million syrians have been forced to leave their homes. many have fled to neighbouring countries to escape the ongoing violence. i am nicky fox and i am injordan, a country that admits it's unable to support the estimated 1.4 million refugees it has already taken in. at the moment i just think about just walk again and everything will come later. yeah, just take it one step. step by step. if we are really looking to respond in a comprehensive way,
we are not talking about millions of dollars of financial support, you are talking about billions of dollars of financial support. with a third of those having a disability or serious health condition, i am here to find out how the most vulnerable survive. this is their story. the first place we visit is zaatari refugee camp, a city in the middle of a desert. this place has grown exponentially since the start of the conflict. only a few miles from the syrian border it's where more than 80,000 refugees have sought safety. with its barbed wire fences and rows of white boxes, it's unlike any city i've
ever seen before. the first person i meet is a, a little girl who has only ever known conflict. five—year—old malik lost her left leg when her home in syria was bombed. she's learning to walk with her new frame. her mum tells me about the day the tanks came. malik often forgets she's in pain. but here she's safe. bye, bye. bye. how difficult is it
for you as a mum? she didn't want to show her face, to protect her family still in syria. what do you hope for the future? malik‘s mum can't afford to dream of going back to syria. she has more immediate concerns. living here with a disability is tough. if you were living here with a disability, apart from the fact that you are away from your home, you are aware from the fact that you are away from your home, you are away
from everything you know, your family, familiarity, it's just actually quite tricky getting around, logistically difficult. i can imagine that a lot of disabled people do feel a bit trapped in their own spaces, in their own places, you know, because theyjust can't get out. one charity that helps people like malik is handicap international. they estimate that around 30% of refugees in the camp have some kind of disability or chronic health condition. yeah! every day dozens of disabled refugees come for vital treatment. again, yeah! you are pushing me! you are so strong. one of those is 28—year—old ragda who has cerebral palsy. unlike malik, living here has given her a newfound independence. hello!
right, this could be a bit of a bumpy arrival. bear with me. she fled syria three years ago. the only way she could do it was by being carried across the border. lovely to meet you. how did you do it without a wheelchair? ragda's disability made her life home difficult. ragda's disability made her life back home difficult. she had no wheelchair and very little support. and that was before the war. do you hope to one day go back home? no, why not?
you prefer it here? why? it's only since arriving in zaatari that ragda started to get regular physiotherapy to help with her cerebral palsy. but what's really made a difference to her life is the fact she's now got a wheelchair from handicapped international. ragda's parents died back in syria. she's now completely dependent on the charity. do you feel looked after here? i heard in there "perfect".
ragda, it's been a pleasure meeting you because i can't imagine how you get around but you're what we call in the uk a tough cookie. that's what you are — a tough cookie. # don't be shy. # just let your feelings roll on by. even with her new sense of freedom, she told me that having something like my scooter would make a huge difference to her life. they all want my scooter! go in the middle of the circle? the children have been absolutely fascinated by my scooter. i don't think anyone‘s seen a mobility scooter before, not one that looks this ropey anyway! i've had kids running behind me in total fascination.
i don't think they have anything here that's motorised. no electric wheelchairs, no mobility scooters. any kind of mobility they have is more like a wheelchair, a manual wheelchair or a walking frame. the difficulties i saw in zaatari are very much mirrored here in jordan's newest camp, asraq. built simply because there's no more room in zaatari. this place is even harder to get around because of the sheer size of it. home to more than 20,000 refugees, but with space for five times that amount, the camp feels desolate. in between rows upon rows of metal roofs, large ditches line the long dusty roads.
eventually we came across the only supermarket on the camp but it took us sometime. we had a van, the majority here don't have that luxury. which is sad, because shopping is just that little bit of normality. if you lived quite a way away and you had a disability it would be really difficult, if not impossible. there is a car but you have to pay for it so you have not got the money that would be very tricky. this place is the future for the many thousands stuck at the jordanian border desperate to get in. the unhcr says they are just about managing to provide the very basics but they admit it's impossible to meet the needs of the hundreds of thousands of disabled refugees already living in jordan. if we're really looking to respond in a comprehensive way to the needs of syrians, then this has to go a step
above what has already been done. you are not talking about millions of dollars of financial support, you are talking about billions of dollars of financial support. all in all, the services that we provide in the camp are geared primarily to covering basic needs. so often these nuanced issues, if i can put it like that, are often quite a challenge to respond to as fully as we would like to. i am always surprised at the resilience and drive and determination of syrians themselves to respond to their own needs. but this resilience is tested even further. 80% of all the refugees injordan don't live in these camps. they try and survive in and around the main cities, often hidden and in poverty. after seeing the struggles disabled refugees have around two ofjordan's main camps,
i am back in the van heading to the capital city, amman. a city which has for many years been the home of the displaced. this area is known as the palestinian camp and dates back and dates back decades, but instead of just palestinians, more and more syrians are living here. why — because it's cheap. in fact, the higher the floor of an apartment building, the less it costs which makes it very impractical if you have a disability. the charity handicap international doesn't just support disabled refugees in the camps, they also have a number of mobile teams that go to help those who are isolated. we have many cases here.
they have really problems with mobility. many with spinal cord injuries, we have many with traumatic brain injuries. they can not go down the stairs and you can see from here that the stairs are really crazy. yeah, they're mad, aren't they? many of the refugees they see live in high rise apartment blocks. abd and his brother left syria not long after the start of the conflict. they were successful factory owners back home, so providing for their children wasn't a problem. abd was a hard working and generous man. but the pressure he was under being forced to leave his country and the loss of his business were all too much. his brother says this contributed to him having a stroke. the family live on the third floor. it's all they can afford.
the only way abd can leave his home is if his brother carries him. they have received some financial support from various charities, like paying for abd's initial treatment but now what little they have goes towards paying for his ongoing medical bills. while abd's physical health is slowly improving, his family remain trapped in an unsuitable home with very little income. that particular area that we were in is the only area that they can live
in because of the price. they don't have any money, their medical bills are huge! there's no other solution really. if you are being quite basic about it there's nowhere near enough money. jordan are coping with a huge influx of refugees and 30% of them have disabilities or chronic health condition and there just is a massive funding shortfall. since 2014, syrian refugees are no longer eligible for free secondary healthcare that so many with disabilities rely on. that's prosthetics or in abd's case physiotherapy and ongoing medication. there are an estimated 1.4 million refugees now living injordan.
25% of this country's budget is spent on them. with a huge funding shortfall from the international community, i asked the government if this meant the most vulnerable are being forgotten? we're very hospitable people but at the end of the day there would come a time where you need to look at the interests ofjordanians viz—a—viz the interests of non—jordanians living injordan and as a country, as a government, our priority, as his majesty has said, is serving the jordanian people. so with the government admitting it's overstretched and underfunded, how do newly disabled refugees get the treatment they need? well, it's down to charities like medecins sans frontieres to step in. this is the hospital many
injured syrians come for that vital aftercare. they've had their life—saving surgery. here now is when the long recovery process begins. i was in my home, suddenly the wall exploded. ifind both my legs injured. and they immediately bring me here. and i woke up here after a few days. moaid has been receiving intensive treatment for nearly a year now. it's hard.
sometimes exhausting but it's getting easier every day. so i think next three months it will be too easy. so easy, you don't even need to turn up! yes, i will get rid of him, my physio! he is a goner! before he was injured in the war, he was a trainee lawyer and a pretty decent footballer. here, at the hospital he's been exercising hard. almost every day. have you got some music to listen to? music? yeah, do you listen to music? no, i play... what's that? it's a game. never played it. candy crush. oh, candy crush, everyone knows candy crush. it's entertaining. what's your aim for the future? i think go back to my home, just that. do you have family
still back in syria? yes, all my family are in syria. they're waiting for me. are they? yes. i will go back when i start to walk, i will go back immediately. really? yes. that's what keeps you going? yes. yes, that's the reason, yes. he sees his future back home in syria. right now, this hospital is where he needs to be. but soon he will have to move on. so where does he go if he can't get back home? there are many disabled refugees who end up on the streets of jordan's capital city. this centre was set up to find and take care of those people many of them will have arrived in jordan without family or friends. here, they're no longer alone.
a home by definition is a place you live with people who love you and you love them back. this is what everybody here feels like us staff and patients. staff visit hospitals and search the surrounding areas for those refugees who are at their lowest and have nowhere to go. if this place is not existing, i think you would be ended like alone, neglected, on a mattress, on some corner in a dark empty room. i don't want to imagine. i love it when i spend my time here, between them making fun of them, they making fun of me.
they love you. i love them so much. we are back on the road again. heading for a city which is 20 kilometres from the syrian border. it's our last day and we are off to visit another centre for disabled refugees. unlike the last place, there's no physio or specialist rehabilitation here. instead, these young syrian men with injuries from war meet every week to talk about how they see their future as disabled refugees living in jordan. their lives have been changed forever but they're resilient.
they don't want sympathy. guys, what's your message to other disabled people? despite their situation, these young men won't be beaten. but i can't help thinking about their future and the future of those i have met. all of these people have very different stories. but they all share one thing, a total reliance on charities to survive. and with too many people and not enough money, what does their future hold? i have asked the question a lot — where do you see yourself
in five years‘ time? and many people are just... can't really say, you know. it's getting by every day, i think that's what's important. that's what they have to do and that's the only thing they can do. hello. some wet weather and some snow in the forecast as we arrive at the new year. at the moment such
problems some frost and fog to worry about. fog a particular issue across england and wales through the day on wednesday. there are warnings in force and with a lot of people on the move i am expecting some disruption, check out the bbc local radio station before you set off. most of the fog closest to this area of high pressure across england and wales. you will notice further north—west interest there are more isobars, breezier conditions for scotla nd isobars, breezier conditions for scotland and northern ireland. rain across the western highlands. otherwise dry. with lighter winds further south and east that fog will be loath to clear. many will enjoy some sunshine across western parts of england and wales. temperatures single figures typically. across the far north of scotland milder but where the fog lingers across central and some eastern parts of england i am expecting temperatures to struggle to get above freezing all day. that fog will probably become more extensive again into the night.
cloeest to this area of high pressure which is going nowhere fast. further north—west we have approaching weather fronts, the persistent rain will hold off. a notable breeze across many parts of northern ireland and scotland, that will help keep temperatures relatively high here, double figures across the north—west of scotland. further south and east again that fog will be slow to lift, particularly across central and eastern areas and where that happens once more it will be particularly chilly. a lot of low cloud around. from thursday into friday, no great changes, more breeze across southern areas will help to lift the fog and that front is closer across the far north of scotland. so some of that rain turning more persistent here. ahead of that freshening south—westerly wind will do some mild air across much of northern ireland and scotland and potentially across the north—east of scotland, up across the north—east of scotland, up into the low to mid—teens, briefly. but as we go from friday
into new year's eve we will start to see some changes, certainly more breezy conditions across southern areas, that will hift the last of the fog, we think and hopefully temperatures will recover. but across the far north of scotland that wet weather will start to spread southwards. the timing of that was is still uncertain. from new year's eve into new year's day rain will start to head southwards ona rain will start to head southwards on a cold front. because it's a cold front we will see colder air introduced behind it. arctic air eventually and the showers across the north of scotland will turn to snow. that rain heading down across england and wales during the course of new year's day, so fairly wet weather around. now that weather front will clear through and the arctic air will spread southwards. for the first few days of january i am expecting a return to widespread frost. fog probably not too much of an issue initially because the winds will be blustery from the north. how long the cold air lasts is in question because for a time at least
the cold arctic air could be cut off by milder conditions. but that may only be temporary because some forecast models indicate we will see another push of cold arctic air later on next week so that's the big question mark in the forecast, how long any milder interlude lasts. but for many a chilly outlook. this is bbc news. the headlines: the imperial senate will not stand for this. the actress carrie fisher, best known for playing the princess leia in the star wars films, has died aged 60. harrison ford said she was funny, fearless a nd harrison ford said she was funny, fearless and one—of—a—kind. japan's