i'm babita sharma in london. the headlines: donald trump is to appoint his son—in—law, jared kushner, as a senior white house adviser. freezing weather and icy conditions cause misery and leave 30 people dead across europe. as he prepares to deliver his farewell address, we'll look at president obama's legacy inside the us. they're quick and they're tasty, but can noodles become works of art? this is bbc world news. it's newsday. hello. thank you forjoining us. it's 1am in london, and 8pm in new york, where president—elect donald trump's has announced plans to hire his son—in—law as a senior adviser. it's hardly surprising that donald trump wants to keep jared kushner close by his side. it's a job he has already been doing for many months, helping to propel mr trump to the white house.
but by making the post official, the president—elect may be opening a legal can of worms. my colleague jane o'brien is in washington. she told newsday more about the potential appointment and what could stop it. there is an anti—nepotism law that prevents government officials from appointing their relatives to official positions, but a lot of experts say that does not apply to the white house. it was introduced when john f kennedy wanted to appoint his brother to attorney general, and it was also a cause of contention when president bill clinton tried to appoint hillary clinton, his wife, of course, to oversee his healthcare reform. they ended up being sued. but the result of that case was all a bit inconclusive. so, we are in a very, very grey area here. but it does, of course, look not very appropriate to most people and raises a number of ethical questions of,
whether it is illegal or not, he is still going to have to confront. ethical questions, potential conflicts of interest. so, jane, why is donald trump so eager to have jared kushner in the white house with him? because he trusts him. that's the bottomline. jarad kushner is married to his daughter, ivanka. we know that the trump children are very close to their father. they acted as advisers throughout his election campaign as did jared kushner. he also comes from the same sort of business background. he is a real estate magnate. and during the election, one of his roles was to actualyy be quite low—key. rather than take the stage with his father—in—law, he would very often go down into the crowds, mingle with people, and really get a feel of what people thought on the ground and then report back to donald trump. so it is a question of trust and loyalty. and we know that donald trump likes his family and he loves loyalty. and has jared kushner said anything
about his appointment and how he maybe plans to get around these so—called nepotism laws? well, he's not going to take a salary. probably does not need one because he's pretty rich. he also says that he's going to divest himself of his business interests and recuse himself from any decisions that may present a conflict of interest but the real issue is does any of this go far enough? there's a lot of talk about donald trump and his web of business interests and how really possible is it for him to properly put all his interests to a blind trust so that he has nothing to do with them. and even ifjarad kushner isn't an official adviser, it's actually, rico, inconceivable to think that he won't still have the ear of the president. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. freezing temperatures across parts of europe are continuing to have a devastating affect, as 30 people have now died, with temperatures dropping to as little as —30 degrees celsius.
charities are concerned for refugees crossing the continent on foot or living in informal settlements. our central europe correspondent, nick thorpe, has more. strange scenes in istanbul. the fourth consecutive day of snow here has closed this area to shipping and given the area's ferry operators alternative work. traffic on another major waterway, the danube, has also been suspended because of ice flows in serbia, romania, and bulgaria. in the major romanian port city of constanza, the black sea has frozen far out from the shore. most affected by the cold are the poor in each country. the homeless and migrants have been particularly hard hit. in this abandoned belgrade warehouse, several hundred migrants and refugees have been living for months. these are the latest pictures from what was once called "the balkan route. "
yeah, actually, the cold is too much and last night, all the people were around the fire and it was too cold. i think it was —16, —15 last night. until now, we are here because the situation is too bad and the snow is piling outside. there are 13 official refugee centres in serbia with around 7,000 temporary residents. hungary is only allowing in 100 a week. those near the top of the list wait here in this informal area beside the fence. hungarian police and soldiers patrol on the far side. meanwhile, in italy, there are christmas card scenes a little after the event. only a few years ago, such images were commonplace in january across europe, but after five years of global warming, many people had forgotten how hard a real winter can be. also making news today: singapore has demanded the immediate return of nine armoured troop carriers that were
impounded in hong kong. the vehicles were being transported from taiwan when they were taken in november. the singaporean government has described the seizure as illegal, but beijing has already a lodged a diplomatic complaint over singapore's military relationship with taiwan. fresh elections look likely in northern ireland, after deputy first minster and senior sinn fein politician, martin mcguinness, announced his resignation from government. mr mcguniness, a former member of the ira, has been deputy first minister for over ten years, and is seen as a key figure in the northern ireland peace process. a 26—year—old man, accused of killing five people at an airport in florida last week, has appeared in court. esteban santiago, an iraq war veteran, could face the death penalty if found guilty. he's already admitted to investigators that he planned friday's attack at fort lauderdale—hollywood international airport. the funeral of iran's former
president who died on sunday will ta ke president who died on sunday will take place later today. the country is serving three days of mourning. he left the presidency 20 years ago but remained an influential figure in iranian politics. scientists have found that a drug used to treat alzheimer's disease encourages teeth to regrow as well as repairing cavities. researchers at king's college london found that the drug tideglusib stimulates the formation of dentine, the materialfound under tooth enamel. it's thought the discovery might reduce the need for fillings in the future. and one of the world's most challenging dog sled races has kicked off in the french alps. with a backdrop of snow—capped mountains "the great 0dyssey challenge" sees riders travel 1,000 kilometres injust 11 days. the winner will be crowned in just over a week's time. we will keep you updated on just who
that winner will be. tens of thousands of australian preschoolers, children between three and five years old, are going to have the chance to foreign learn languages this year, as the government rolls out an early learning language programme right across the country. australia's minister for education and training, simon birmingham, says he expects more than 30,000 children will enrol in the scheme in 2017. so, what languages are on offer? according to the minister, over 800 pre—schools and child care centres will take part in this scheme, of which, 25% study chinese, 18% japanese, 13% french, and 9% indonesian, while the two new languages for 2017 will be italian and spanish, which attracted 15% and 17% of applications. earlier, rico spoke to anne—marie morgan, the president of the australian language teachers association from the university of new england in armidale in northern new south wales and asked her what she thinks of the new initiative.
i think it's a wonderful way to get lot of exposure of young children to languages and cultures and introduce them to the idea of a multilingual world. and it seems mandarin is the most popular among these preschoolers? yes, that's right. mandarin has a very big uptake in australia recently, across all levels of schooling. it's also one of our big immigration areas. we have a lot of people coming from china, a lot of students study from china as well, so, yes, mandarin is really popular. indeed. and at the moment, where are australian children in relation to their peers in languages? 0k, australia's a little bit behind because we have had a bit of an emphasis of english is enough, as an english—speaking country, and so we are trying to turn that around through programmes like this
one at preschool level and then into the rest of the school years to show that, in fact, australia is also multilingual and multicultural and to engage with the rest of the world, our students need to have other languages. is it really very crucial to expose preschoolers? 3—5 years old, to these languages and various cultures? yes, we know that that's a really fertile time for beginning another language, for taking on another language. we know it does not interfere with the literacy development in the first language, in english, so it is a really good foundation and it also opens their minds to the idea of other languages and cultures and to understand that peers in their classroom because in australia there is about 25% of the population speak another language at home as well.
you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: after standing for 2000 years, one of america's most famous and oldest trees has been brought down by a storm. he promised change and to bring hope to americans. we'll look at barack 0bama's legacy. the japanese people are in mourning, following the death of emperor hirohito. thousands converged on the imperial palace to pay their respects when it was announced he was dead. good grief. after half a century of delighting fans around the world, charlie brown and the rest of the gang are calling it quits. the singer paul simon starts his tour of south africa tomorrow, in spite of protests and violence from some black activist groups. they say international artists should continue to boycott south africa until majority rule is established. teams were trying to scoop up lumps of oil as france recognises it faces
an ecological crisis. three weeks ago, the authorities confidently assured these areas that oil from the broken tanker erika would head out to sea. it didn't. the world's tallest skyscraper opens today. the burj dubai has easily overtaken its nearest rivals. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm babita sharma in london. our top stories: donald trump is to appoint his son—in—law jared kushner as a senior white house adviser. 30 dead as freezing weather and icy conditions hit parts of europe. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. the philippines star leads with the annual religious parade, known as the black nazarene
procession, in the capital, manila. we will just show you a we willjust show you a closer zoom in and of the picture. isn't that incredible? more than a million, mostly barefoot devotees, took part in what is one of the world's biggest displays of catholic devotion. the south china morning post reports on mcdonald's decision to sell 80% of its business in china and hong kong. the chinese state—owned investment group citic, and us private firm carlyle group, will take control of the operations in a deal worth more than two billion us dollars. and the japan times reports on thousands of young japanese women who mark their entry into adulthood with a special celebration. the "coming of age" ceremonies are held nationwide to remind 20—year—olds of their responsibilities after becoming old enough to legally drink and smoke. and that is the way the papers are
for a tuesday morning. many will be focusing on the final address by president 0bama which will take waste in less than 2a hours in chicago. it's where he claimed victory eight years ago in an historic election which put the first african american in the white house. but as his second term comes to a close what will his legacy be? 0ur north america editorjon sopel looks at the domestic issues which have defined the 0bama presidency. cheering. it wasn't just the hope when barack 0bama came to office, it was the wild expectation, too. that the country's problems would be solved at a stroke, that the first african—american president would usher in a post—racial era. no more black america are all white america, just the united states of america. but the lingering vestiges of that dream disappeared in the summer of 2014, in clouds of tear gas, in a nondescript suburb of st louis, missouri, called ferguson.
an unarmed black man had been shot by a white police officer. it was a pattern that would become all too familiar. in charleston, south carolina, walter scott had been pulled over for a minor motoring offence. footage captures the white police officer who stopped him shooting him in the back several times before he dies. gunfire. the policeman claimed self—defence. at his trial, which ended last month, the jury was unable to reach a verdict. the court, therefore, we must declare a mistrial... another symbol for the black community that things haven't changed. i think his legacy to him is more important right now, to paint a picture that he did a real good job in america. but most black folks are very disappointed, because we feel he could have done more. the issue of race and another of america's great intractable social problems, gun violence,
came together in horrific effect inside this famous african—american church in charleston. a white supremacist who, with his string of drug convictions, should never have been able to purchase a gun, walked inside a bible study group and killed eight worshippers and the pastor in cold blood. barack 0bama had always seemed reluctant to define himself as a black president, preoccupied by racial issues, but after these shootings that changed, as he came to charleston and showed how he felt the community's pain. singing: # amazing grace, how sweet the sound, that saved. ..# 0bama's two terms in office were punctuated by the crack of gunshots.
radio: you've dialled 911, what's the location of your emergency? ...i think there's somebody shooting in here. then a series of random mass killings that started with the slaying of 20 children and six of their teachers that sandy hook elementary school. the president's famously cool demeanour was gone after this. every time i think about those kids, it gets me mad. and by the way, it happens on the streets of chicago every day. i refuse to act as if this is the new normal. this is not something i can do by myself. such violence, such evil, is senseless. again and again he wanted tougher legislation on gun—control. but he failed, to his evident consternation when we sat down and spoke. if you ask me where has been the one area where i feel that i've been most frustrated and most stymied, it is the fact that the united states of america is the one advanced nation on earth in which we do not have sufficient
common sense gun safety laws. but there have been some legislative successes. millions more americans now have health insurance than was previously the case, although 0bamacare has created many losers, too. and the economy, which was flat on its back eight years ago, is starting to boom, and people are spending their money again. we have notjust come back stronger from the great recession, we have actually built an economy that's the envy of the world. that is an important part of president 0bama's legacy. but it proved to be a voterless recovery where it mattered. they'll be no democrat succeeding him in the white house, and so, one of his final acts was to make a lastjourney to capitol hill, to urge his party's lawmakers to fight off republican attempts to dismantle 0bamacare, and the rest of his domestic legacy.
look out for the american people. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. just take a look at this. this is one of america's most famous trees the pioneer cabin tree which has stood 2,000 years. last weekend it was felled at last, by a storm. this giant sequoia in the calaveras big trees state park was known for having a hole cut through its trunk — big enough for a car to drive through. earlier, i spoke to danielle gerhart, from columbia state historic park, who explained exactly what happened. for the last few days we have been experiencing a lot of rainfall, a lot of wind, possibly up to about eight inches of rain has fallen in the last few days. the tree could not withstand it.
the root system couldn't withstand the storm and all the wind we have received and unfortunately, the tree has fallen. tell us a bit more about this tree that has stood there for 2000 years. yes, so, the pioneer cabin tree is part of the north grove of the first in calaveras big trees state park. the tree was actually hollowed out by a fire in about the 1800s, we think. shortly after that in the 1880s, a private land owner cut open the tree to allow passage through by persons, not necessarily vehicles, but people walking. the tree was still alive up until recently and it still is a living organism and will continue to live and feed the earth even now it has fallen. was it a mistake to cut it out, did it weaken the structure of the tree? like i said, it had a fire at some point so it already had
weakening there. i'm sure it did not help the situation but we know just from watching other trees that it was already weakened from having a fire. unfortunately, trees fall down and this one, it was its time. they do fall down but not in a rare case. how common is the sequoia tree? not very common. 0bviously these are large trees. this one was at least 2000 years old, as you mentioned. there are several other large trees in the grove, but this one was iconic because it had the square cut out of it in the middle. people will remember this and thousands of people over social
media have posted pictures of them inside the tree. it is a very unique tree and it it is a sad loss to everybody here. a fund for the family of the polish truck driver killed in the berlin christmas market attack has reached nearly $240,000. fellow lorry driver david duncan was so shocked by what happened that he set up the online campaign. mr duncan was personally thanked by the polish ambassador to london. kasia madera reports. when dave duncan heard about lukasz urban‘s killing in the attack on the christmas market in berlin, he felt compelled to help the deceased man's family in some way. so he set up an online fundraising campaign to raise money. it was just something i'd seen on the tv or something and thought "why not? why not me?" actions speak louder than words, so they say. that's why i did it. are you surprised by the response? 0bviously, yeah.
it's been incredible, absolutely amazing that people responded to it, yeah. it's been brilliant. the campaign has been welcomed by mr urban‘s family and the wider polish community. please accept my gratitude for your remarkable work. thank you very much. today, the polish ambassador arkady, rzegocki, met up with mr duncan to express his thanks. here are some polish products, just for you. the money raised by mr duncan will go to lucasz urban‘s widow and teenage son, and he hopes to visit them in poland in the not too distant future. kasia madera, bbc news, at the polish embassy in london. think instant noodles and most of us think, quick meal. but one artist is turning them into slow art. 23—year—old cynthia delaney suwito is showing her noodle—work at a gallery in singapore. she told the bbc where the idea came from. looks pretty cool, noodle art.
and before we go: this deer ended up on a frozen river in connecticut. unable to get its footing. poor thing. rescuers tried for some time to get it secure and safe with a blanket. not the easiest thing to do on an icy frozen river. but eventually the deer made it to the riverbank and was soon off back into the woods. that's all for now. stay with bbc world news. good morning. there's certainly some chilly and wintry weather on the way but today, it will get that bit milder as we go through the day. lots of clouds spilling in from the west after what will be a cooler start than recent mornings. even a touch of frost and ice around in southern and eastern parts of england with clearer skies at the end of the night. start the day with sunshine, a much brighter day than we have seen for the past few. in the west, already patchy rain and drizzle and a bit of a breeze across devon and cornwell
and west wales. a bit of rain pushing into northern england, mainly to the west of the pennines, going through the night. the further north we go, a blustery start and strong winds through the night in northern scotland. already here, the cloud is spilling in. western scotland and northern ireland, occasional rain. cloudy conditions with occasional rain and drizzle in the west, pushing its way eastward. winds strengthening throughout across the northern half of the county, gales in particular to the north—east. temperatures steadily on the rise. by the end of the day, into double figures in the west but a bit cooler further east. it sets us into a mild enough start through the night with a bit of cloud but strong winds and severe gales spreading across the north of scotland through the night. the wind is picking up elsewhere as we go into wednesday morning. a weakening weather front works its way southwards. temperatures into double figures overnight in the far south. notice we are starting to open the door to arctic air. into wednesday, not only will it get colder but we will have strong winds to contend with. bear that in mind if you are
on the move on wednesday. wind gusting 50—60 mph through parts of wales and northwards. frequent showers in the north and west turning into sleet and snow as the colder air digs in. slowly getting colder across the south but temperatures still holding up by the afternoon, 7—9. plenty of cloud and one or two rain showers. the big change comes into thursday. open the door to arctic air. this little feature, pushing in to the south as we go through the day. how far north that goes, it will be crucial as to whether we see any snow into thursday across southern counties. at the moment, it will stay in the english channel, mainly rain, but maybe a bit of snow. frequent snow showers across northern and western parts of the country, giving coverage to some places.
eastern areas, dry and brighter. one or two flurries. for all, the wind will be noticeable, makeing it feel subzero, a real arctic blast with a bitter wind chill. the cold winds continue into friday. again, we will see snow flurries work their way southwards. at this stage, we have to be careful of severe gales down the north sea. here we can see some rough seas around the coast as well. bye for now. i'm babita sharma with bbc world news. our top story: the us president—elect, donald trump, is to appoint his son—in—law, jared kushner, as a senior white house adviser. mr kushner is married to donald trump's daughter, ivanka. the appointment does not require senate approval, but some experts have questioned whether it will violate an anti—nepotism law. freezing temperatures across parts of europe are continuing to have a devastating affect as thirty people have now died. charities are worried about refugees crossing the continent on foot or living in informal settlements. and this story is trending on bbc.com.
scientists have found that a drug used to treat alzheimer's disease encourages teeth to regrow as well as repairing cavities. it's thought the discovery might reduce the need for fillings in the future. that's all from me now. stay with bbc world news. and the top story here in the uk: commuters on southern rail are facing the first of three days of strikes by train drivers, the latest industrial action