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tv   BBC News  BBC News  March 8, 2017 3:00am-3:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: some of the cia's most sensitive hacking secrets are exposed on the internet. the agency's former boss tells us it's very damaging. it has made my country and my country's friends less safe. in the row over the killing of kim jong—nam, malaysia and north korea ban each other‘s citizens from leaving the country and the un appeals for calm. saved from slavery — and worse. we meet some of the young yazidis who escaped from the extremist group, the so—called islamic state, to find refuge in germany. and in the first known attack of its kind in europe, poachers kill a rhino for its horn at a safari park near paris. hello.
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wikileaks has published thousands more files which it says detail a wide range of hacking tools used by the cia. the documents, which we're not able to verify, appear to show how cyber—weapons have been developed and used to break into computers, mobile phones — cell phones, even smart tvs, to gather intelligence. the cia hasn't commented on the credibility of the leaked material but some specialists are saying, at this point, it does appear legitimate. fresh embarrassment for the us security services today. wikileaks has published details of what it says shows the tools the cia use to hack their targets. wikileaks say using them would allow the agency to break into smart phones, communication apps and electronic devices, including smart tvs, which could be used to record conversations. wikileaks say its sources shared the details with it to prompt a debate on whether the cia's hacking capabilities had
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exceeded its mandated powers. the leak hasn't been confirmed by the agency. they say they don't comment on intelligence documents‘ authenticity. this is the latest leak by the whistleblowing website to hit a us government department. for the past seven—plus years, they've published hundreds of thousands of classified files from the state department and the pentagon. but this is, in some ways, wikileaks‘ most daring release yet, because these documents come from the heart of america's top intelligence agency. the source of the leak isn't clear, but more than 800,000 people have top security clearance. the man who previously ran both the nsa and the cia said that, if this was a leak, the issue could be that the next—generation recruits have a different mindset. i don't mean to judge them at all, but this group of millennials and related groups simply have different understandings of the words loyalty, and secrecy, and transparency, than certainly my generation did. that's people like edward snowden,
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who previously embarrassed the nsa when he leaked their secrets. snowden tweeted that he thought the leak was real. if it is, it raises questions about exactly how secure the central intelligence agency really is. earlier i spoke to jake williams. he used to be a hacker for the us government, hacking other governments and organisations to gain intelligence for the us. he now works at the security firm he founded, rendition infosec, and he's been been reading through a number of the wikileaks documents. everything that we've read to date about the dumps so far seems to point to the fact that they are authentic. some of the conversations are the types of conversations and documents that only somebody doing nationstate hacking would be interested in.
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what's your biggest take away from them? has the cia done anything illegal as far as you're concerned? in the current dumps that we've seen they wouldn't necessarily be anything illegal, but one of the things we saw is the fact that there is a lot of research into actively bypassing security programmes, like antivirus and firewall. yes. edward snowden suggests that this showed the cia to have been reckless beyond words. he says using government money to keep open vulnerabilities in american products, phones, smart devices and so on so they can use them to gain access and get info themselves, but thereby leaving those devices open to other hackers. he says they could have told the makers of the iphone and iphone users, but he claims they chose not to. that's always a tough balance to pull. of course the terrorists out in the field use the same iphone as my mum.
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while i'd like to protect my mum, i also want to find out information about the terrorists. i understand the difference there, but it's always a balance that the cia and other intelligence agencies have, with disclosing vulnerabilities. do you think edward snowden is right? i think that's really delicate topic. there is no doubt that in withholding vulnerabilities that makes everyone safe, it's just a question of intelligence gain versus intelligence lost. we've heard retired figures from the intel community attacking younger operatives, who they feel have leaked this material, and wikileaks were appointing themselves judge and jury, deciding to let this material out to the public apparently without consideration for the consequences. are you aware of a different attitude these days among people who are seeing stuff go across their desk that concerns them and disturbs them and feeling almost a moral obligation to put it out there? without a doubt we're seeing that
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and that's notjust in government, we also see that in private enterprise, where 10—15 years ago if somebody saw something that offended them they generally weren't going to the press. we're seeing a lot more confidential disclosures to the press now, whether that's government or private organisations. very briefly, there will be more? i think so, without a doubt. in other news: the british government has suffered a second defeat in parliament over its legislation to trigger the process of britain leaving the european union. the house of lords voted by a majority of more than 100 to get a legal commitment that parliament will have a meaningful vote on the deal britain negotiates when it leaves the eu. but, as our political editor laura kuennsberg explains, the amendment cannot block the bill to invoke article fifty of the lisbon treaty, the mechanism for leaving the eu. the big picture — this is not going to delay brexit or stop it. remember, theresa may still has
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three weeks to get this parliamentary wrangling out of the way before she meets her own self—imposed deadline of getting brexit started at the end of march. the french presidential candidate francois fillon is facing fresh allegations over his financial conduct. a newspaper has accused him of failing to declare to the independent public standards office an interest—free loan from a businessman friend. mr fillon‘s lawyer told the paper the loan was repaid in full. at least four people have been killed after a freight train slammed into a bus at a railroad crossing in southern mississippi. 35 passengers on the bus were taken to hospital with just a few people escaping unharmed. witnesses say the bus appeared to get stuck on the tracks. let's show you some pictures of an extraordinary fashion show in bangladesh that featured survivors of acid attacks. those appearing had been attacked by relatives, spurned by partners
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and by neighbours. many are now shunned socially. the show was devised by the bangladeshi designer bibi russell and timed to take place on the eve of international women's day. 0ne survivor said it was the attackers who should hide their faces, not those who'd been disfigured. the united states government has been working to reassure china that its deployment of a missile defence system in south korea is not a threat to beijing. china strongly opposes the deployment of the thaad system and says it will take measures to defend its security. but a us state department spokesman said the deployment was designed to prevent an attack from north korea. we have been very clear to china that this is not a threat to china oi’ that this is not a threat to china orany that this is not a threat to china or any other power but this is a defensive system in place because of north korea's provocative behaviour. the embassy of north korea is still cordoned off as the tension
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intensifies. there is wide says suspicion that pyongyang was behind the poisoning of kimjong—nam. the pyongyang was behind the poisoning of kim jong—nam. the two nations have banned their citizens of leaving the countries and the un has called for calm. the bbc‘s sharanjit leyl is outside the embassy in kuala lumpur gauging reaction in the press and on the streets. i can tell you how malaysians are reacting and that's furiously, just like their prime minister. these are the front pages of the newspapers today. as you can see, the star in malaysia, ‘trapped in pyongyang'. there's of course huge amount of interest in the story, here in malaysia. inside this paper you can see there is one staff member, a councillor, in fact, in the malaysian embassy in pyongyang, saying, "don't worry, we are safe". that's one paper. we've also got the new straits times paper which has got on the front cover the prime minister calling a national security council meeting, an emergency meeting,
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when he returned from jakarta yesterday. essentially saying the safety of malaysians are a priority, so they are working on trying to ensure the safety of the 11 known malaysians who are in north korea. the paper say that they can't vouch for any others who might be there on business or pleasure. finally we've got the sun, as well, which is saying that... ‘held hostage‘. so, a lot of dramatic headlines. of course we‘ve also got a lot of reaction on social media. a lot of malaysians are furious, saying that preventing the free movement of their citizens in north korea is tantamount to war. i should just say that the cordon has been removed. but there are still police officers outside. there is once again a pitched battle over health care in washington. repealing and replacing 0bamacare, the affordable care act, was a key republican election pledge and a new bill is now on the table. but it is notjust
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democrats who‘re opposed. some conservative republicans argue it doesn‘t go far enough. they‘re calling it 0bamacare lite. president trump is expressing full confidence in the new plan. it follows the guidelines i laid out in my congressional address. a plan that will lower costs, expand choices, increase competition, and ensure healthcare access for all americans. this will be a plan where you can choose your doctor. this will be a plan where you can choose your plan. and you know what the plan is — this is the plan. and we are going to have tremendous, i think we will have tremendous success. that was president trump on the plan. a rhino has been shot dead by poachers at a zoo in france in what is believed to be the first such incident in europe. keepers found vince, a four—year—old white rhino, in his enclosure on tuesday morning. one of his horns had been hacked off with a chainsaw. 0ur paris correspondent lucy williamson reports. this is where poachers came looking for their latest kill,
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a safari park west of paris. their victim, this four—year—old rhino called vince. they shot him three times before cutting off his horn with a chainsaw. park staff say the attackers broke through two fences and a wall to reach the rhinos. it‘s thought to be the first time poachers have targeted live animals in a european zoo. it‘s horrific that vince, our rhino, was shot. we‘ve got this notion that here they‘re protected from poaching and that poaching happens far away in their natural habitat and here they‘re safe and poaching has come here now so that‘s extremely destabilising and shocking. tonight there‘s extra security in place at the rhino enclosure behind me where the two surviving animals are still being housed. this was a well—planned operation with apparently detailed knowledge of the park and it‘s put zoos across europe on alert. poaching has been growing in parts of africa.
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new tactics to stop it, like air lifting animals to safety, are now being tried. 0r sawing off the prized horn to prevent them being targeted, fitting a monitor can track their movement but the rewards of poaching are great and as supply dwindles, prices and incentives rise. these criminals are looking for the weakest link to get their hands on a rhino horn. today it might be paris, tomorrow it might be a population of rhinos in sumatra, indonesia or a population of rhinos in kenya. it‘s about finding the weakest link, getting their hands on the product. as long as the incentives and the profits are high enough to take the risks, they will go for the risks. like vince, the other young male at thoiry might one day be used for breeding. europe‘s zoos, designed to protect the species, are now themselves being targeted for the animals in their care.
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lucy williamson, bbc news, thoiry. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: in the land of the car, politicians are planning big spending to improve public transport — will it work? first, the plates slid gently off the restaurant tables. then suddenly the tables, the chairs and people crashed sideways and downwards and it was a matter of seconds as the ferry lurched onto her side. the hydrogen bomb on a remote pacific atoll. the americans had successfully tested a weapon whose explosive force dwarfed that of the bomb dropped on hiroshima. i had heard the news earlier and so my heart went bang and bang. the constitutional rights of these marchers have their rights as citizens of the united states and they should be protected even in the right to test them out so they don't get their heads broken and are sent to hospital.
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this religious controversy, i know you don‘t want to say too much about it, but does it worry you it‘s going to boil up when you get to the stage? well, it worries me, yeah. i hope everything will be all right at the end of the day. very glad to have you with us on bbc news. the latest headlines for you this our: —— hour. the website wikileaks has this our: —— hour. the website wikilea ks has released this our: —— hour. the website wikileaks has released what it says are thousands of secret cia documents containing details of a wide range of hacking methods used by the us agency. the un has called for calm between malaysia and north korea, after the two countries banned each other‘s citizens from leaving their countries in a row over the assassination of kimjong—nam. as fighters from the islamic state
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group are gradually being driven out of their stronghold in iraq, the scale of their atrocities is being revealed against one ethnic group in particular. the yazidi people are ethnic kurds, and they are the victims of a genocidal campaign, according to the un. but some have managed to escape and seek sanctuary in germany. the bbc‘s naomi grimley went to meet them. a secret location in south—west germany. it is a place of exile. 80 yazidi women and children now live here. they were violently persecuted by so—called islamic state, and chased out of northern iraq. these two boys were captured by the extremists and sent to a military training camp, aged just 14 and i6. this is their story. translation: the training was about weapons. we learnt how to load and fire a weapon. we were training to be soldiers. we would do exercises, crawling under barbed wire, things like that. translation: to learn how to fire a gun on human beings,
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they took us to big graves where they had the dead bodies of muslim traitors, spies of the regime, or those who took drugs. they said we had to fire on the bodies, to get used to it. translation: if we didn't do what we were told, or broke the rules, they would beat us with a stick. everything had to be like they wanted. i had to pretend to be a muslim to survive. translation: their books were just like magic. they quickly changed your mind, and made you into one of them. i bet, notjust me, even a man's mind would have changed. after a year, a smuggler helped them escape the camp. translation: by god i knew it was dangerous, but there was nothing left to be afraid of. we had seen death with our own eyes.
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we saw how they killed. when you lose everything, you have nothing left. we had nothing to lose. this is mainly a community of women and children, most of the men are missing, presumed dead. the women were originally brought to germany for trauma counselling after the mass rapes under islamic state. baden—wurttemberg in south—west germany has welcomed more than 1,000 yazidis in two years and the man who runs the project says several towns volunteered to give them shelter. of course, it‘s hard. of course, they have bad dreams. of course, they are struggling. but they can start, like, you know, just start a new future. get into school, get an education, dream about falling in love, and all the things that are so normal. all that may take time. but, at least for now, this refuge is far away from those religious zealots who are
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trying to wipe them out. naomi grimley, bbc news, south—west germany. well, on wednesdsay, the international lawyer acting on behalf of the yazidis will address the united nations in new york and call for a formal investigation into allegations of genocide perpeptrated by the islamic state group. amal clooney has been telling fiona bruce why she‘s decided to represent the yazidis, and why their cause is so important to her. you‘re calling for so—called islamic state to be held to account for genocide, why is that so important to you? i‘ve been to refuges in germany, like the one that you showed in your piece, and i‘ve interviewed former child soldiers and young girls who were raped and enslaved by isis. it‘s been the most harrowing testimony i‘ve ever heard. we know that it‘s genocide, the un has said so. in other words, isis is trying to destroy them as a group
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and we are allowing it to happen without actually calling isis to account. so what do you think can be done practically to bring islamic state to justice? well, the first step that should be taken is for evidence to be collected on the ground because we know that it‘s disappearing. so there are mass graves that are being discovered. just a few days ago, in mosul, a huge mass grave, that‘s thought to have 4,000 bodies in it, was discovered. and there‘s other types of evidence as well. isis is actually a big bureaucracy, believe it or not, and they‘re leaving behind documents. you know, you need to collect dna, you need to collect phone records and none of that is being done at the moment. you‘re going to the un this week, what are you going to be saying there? i‘m addressing the un on the issue of accountability and saying something needs to be done. so why do you think they‘re not doing it? this is exactly the question that i‘ll be posing to member states. you know, i‘m going to ask them — are the crimes not serious enough for you to investigate? well, that can‘t be it because it‘s genocide. you know, do you think that there‘s no evidence for you to collect? that‘s not right either,
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there are mass graves whose locations are known, you can start there and there‘s plenty of other evidence to collect. the fact that you are now not just a human rights lawyer, but you are known — obviously because of your marriage to one of hollywood‘s biggest stars — i mean, does that help in terms of giving you a bigger platform and getting more people to listen to you? i mean, there‘s lots of my work that takes place behind closed doors, that is not ever seen. i think if there are more people who now understand what‘s happening about the yazidis and isis and if there can be some action that results from that, that can help those clients, then i think it‘s a really good thing to give that case the extra publicity that it may get. but, you know, if you don‘t have a good case and you don‘t have a good message, then shining a light on it is not going to get you very far. we will bring you more from that hearing at the un. rush hour is often a way of life for those of us who live near city
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centres. but los angeles is in class of its own. with perhaps the worst traffic in the world during peak hours — politicians are planning big spending to improve public transport and reduce pollution. as part of our continuing series on efforts to clean the air, the bbc‘s james cook has this report. the city of angels is bedevilled by traffic. every year, commuters here spend more than 100 hours going nowhere in rush—hour jams. as bad as this looks right now, with every hour, it‘s gonan get a little bit worse. —— gonna. economists reckon it costs la near $10 billion annually. but now technology is fighting back. right now we are looking at the road network in los angeles. the red here signifies... this company uses live data from 300 million cars around the world to point drivers in the right direction. and increasingly, the information it gathers in this control room is used to shape policy, too. instead of building an entirely new highway, maybe it‘s targeted investments, targeted
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spending in bottlenecks, targeted spending on solutions like smarter parking, or intelligent traffic signals. so with the data will we collect, you know, public officials can customise what really has the maximum bang for the buck in their cities. all of which sounds a long way from this. la‘s love of the car is the stuff of legend. but the freewheeling lifestyle had a deadly result. from the 1950s to the 70s, smog choked the city, causing hundreds of thousands of premature deaths. the outlook now is much brighter. modern—day california has some of the toughest emission standards in the world, and smog has been partially reduced. but there is still work to do. 0ur air quality is nowhere near where it needs to be. it‘s still not healthy to breathe on, perhaps, 100 or more days, every year. essentially, los angeles, and the greater surrounding area, still has the worst air
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quality in the united states. public transport is part of the answer. compared to other big cities, the la metro is quiet in rush—hour, but it is becoming more popularfor the simple reason: because traffic is totally insane. traffic. because of the traffic. too much traffic. the traffic‘s horrible. horrible. i would be sitting in traffic for like, hours, instead, so i take the subway! the metro is in line for a shot in the arm. californians have voted to raise sales tax for a $120 billion splurge on infrastructure. a0 projects are promised over the next a0 yea rs. some of those projects are major projects, like subways, and new light rail, and more buses. there is a strong chance that it will change the face of los angeles. do you think the city could be transformed ? the city will be transformed.
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perhaps, but getting there will also mean cutting pollution from lorries and from industry. and, in the end, persuading people that los angeles is more than just a great big freeway. james cook, bbc news, los angeles. finally, before we go, we go to washington. have a look at this. a lot of excitement for schoolchildren visiting the white house when it best—known resident made an appearance. donald trump greeted the first wave of tourists to come through the office since he took office. and jack cornish from alabama was selected for help. much more on all of the news on the bbc website. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter. i am @mikeembley.
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hello there. good morning. tuesday was a decent day for the eastern side of the uk. we‘ve seen more cloud, though, coming in from the west, and all our weather is coming in from off the atlantic at the moment, all this cloud spilling across the uk. it‘s driven by an area of low pressure that‘s running between iceland and scotland, with these weather fronts too. the rain across the northern half of the uk is running across fairly quickly, but to the south, things grind to a halt towards the end of the night. so after the rain across the northern half of the uk we get some showers rattling into the north—west of scotland early on in the morning, and again, there could be a bit of snow across the mountains. there‘ll be a strong wind, gales probably for northern scotland. by the morning, sunshine is out across northern ireland, and the cloud continuing to break up across northern england, brightening up quite nicely as that rain is out into the north sea. but across east anglia, southern england, perhaps the south midlands, mid and south wales, we‘ve got more cloud. quite low cloud, quite mild. but there will be some rain in the air as well. it‘s never really going to clear
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away for much of the day. rain on and off across mid and south wales, perhaps the midlands, east anglia, and southern england. much more sunshine, though, arriving across north wales, northern england, northern ireland, and it is quite windy here in scotland, again, across the north and there will still be a few of those sharp showers. temperatures will be that bit lower. highest temperatures probably in the south—east, where we have all that cloud and the threat of rain. still some rain around across southern parts of england and wales on wednesday evening. that rain eventually transfers southwards into the english channel. but to the north, we‘ll see the showers pepping up again across northern ireland and then into scotland, again, there could be some snow over the high hills. a drop in temperature later in the night perhaps in northern ireland, scotland, north—east england but nothing too cold out there. as we head into thursday, though, showers across scotland become fewer and lighter, largely confined to the north—east as the wind eases down. many places, thursday will be a dry day, some sunshine around. more cloud, though, towards the south and south—west, with that rain sitting through the channel, and it threatens to come back northwards again overnight and into friday on a fairly weak weather front taking rain
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across the northern half of the uk primarily. and then behind that weather system, we‘re drawing in our air from a long way south. so this is really quite mild air, but it‘s going to be accompanied by a good deal of cloud. so little if any sunshine around on friday. but the uk at least, not much rain at all and temperatures as high as 13 or 1a degrees. now, as we head into the weekend it looks pretty unsettled, at least to start with. outbreaks of rain on saturday. quite a mild day as well. getting more showery on sunday, but then temperatures beginning to slip away later on. the headlines on bbc news: wikileaks has published thousands of files
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revealing what it says are secret hacking tools used by the cia. the documents, which we can‘t verify, give details of malware apparently used to hack into phones, computers, even smart tvs, to gather intelligence. the us government has been trying to reassure china that its deployment of a missile defence shield in south korea is not a threat to beijing, but meant to prevent an attack from north korea. the chinese strongly oppose the thaad system, fearing its powerful radar can monitor far into chinese territory. a un official has called on north korea and malaysia to deal with their differences calmly. the two governments have banned each other‘s citizens from leaving their countries. malaysia wants to interview two north korean diplomats over the killing of their leader‘s half—brother at kuala lumpur airport. now on bbc news, panorama.
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our children are exhausted. it‘s the new normal. it‘s bedtime. child cries it just consumes your whole life. just one little word — sleep. mobile devices have taken over many children‘s lives and interfered with their sleep. i have my telly. ipad. two ipads. two ipads, iphone. but sleep deprivation has serious consequences. tonight, on panorama, we can reveal hospital attendances in england for children with sleep problems have tripled in ten years. do they hurt or...? they don't hurt at all. we uncover how unlicensed prescriptions of a sleep medicine to both adults and children have increased tenfold in the last decade. i‘d prefer a solution to this something different than having to take medication the rest of his life, so i‘m willing


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