this is bbc news. the headlines at 2pm: north korea stages a huge military parade to mark the birth of the country's founder, amid warnings over rising tensions with the us. you can actually feel the ground shake as thousands upon thousands of goose—stepping soldiers, tanks, rockets, other weaponry have marched and rumble their way through the capital. everton football club bans sun journalists from its grounds following a column by kelvin mackenzie regarding midfielder ross barkley. the mayor of liverpool welcomes the decision. it is right that everton have done what they done so i applaud that. i think the fans too will applaud that decision. also in the next hour — the practical driving test gets a reboot. from december, learners will have to show they can safely follow a satnav before they can pass.
we'll be live in turkey, as president erdogan embarks on the final day of campaigning ahead of tomorrow's landmark referendum. and at 2.30pm, we'll be looking at how the city of hull is being transformed by a year—long festival of arts and culture. good afternoon and welcome to bbc news. north korea has warned the united states that it's ready to react to any provocative action. it comes as the country staged a huge military parade, displaying what appeared to be new, submarine—based ballistic missiles. us president donald trump has sent a naval strike force to the region because of concerns that north korea is preparing to carry out another nuclear test.
our correspondentjohn sudworth is with a group of foreign journalists invited to the capital pyongyang. his movements are being monitored and tightly controlled. it's an extraordinary sight. you can actually feel the ground shake as thousands upon thousands of goose—stepping soldiers, tanks, rockets and other weaponry have marched and rumbled their way through the capital city. this is a display of unity for the young north korean leader and it's meant, of course, to send a key message on the anniversary of his grandfather's birth that his grip on power is unassailable, but as donald trump threatens to thwart his nuclear ambitions, it also sends a message to the outside world that this country's military with its nuclear tests and missile launches is vital for its survival and military analysts will,
of course, be pouring over these pictures for evidence of the latest state of technological advancement of these forces. there is that speculation that it maybe preparing for another underground nuclear test. i think it's probably unlikely that we'll see a test today, but kimjong—un is making it absolutely clear that he is not prepared to negotiate away his nuclear weapons whilst being threatened and challenged by the united states. and experts believe that with missiles, with weaponry like this, they are just a few small steps away from having a real deliverable nuclear arsenal and, of course, once they reach that stage, it's a game changer in terms of the regional security situation and the global international diplomatic calculation about what can be done about north korea's military ambitions?
it changes things for good and the young man sitting up there in those stands has learned those lessons from his grandfather and from his father before him. the us vice—president mike pence will be in south korea tomorrow as part of a ten—day asia trip. steve evans reports from the capital, seoul on how the country is responding to events north of the border. you know seoul is only 100 miles from pyongyang, but it could be a million miles in terms of atmosphere. that big parade has been on two of the channels here, but it doesn't get really big audiences. you get the sense that life here has just gone on here as normal. the streets have been full of people on what feels like the first day of summer. the military here in south korea has been studying the pictures of missiles and it reckons it does see developments in the long—range missiles.
north korea, the south korean military, thinks is making progress. experts have picked up on new kinds of tracked vehicles carrying missiles and those matter because if north korea can convey missiles around the country, much more easily, it's much more difficult to hit them before they launch anything. so, the sense of the common people is life goes on. this continual barrage of rhetoric and threat from the north has been there since 1953 when the fighting between the two halves of korea finished, but the military and the intelligence services look very intensely. on sunday, we are visited by the vice—president of the united states, mike pence, and he will come here and he is expected to say
that the alliance between the us and south korea and between the us and japan is iron—clad is the word that he uses. so the feeling here is north korea is there in the background. we hear the threats, but we've had threats before, we're not panic buying, we're not planning on leaving the city, but we are concerned, i think that would be the mood here. officials in afghanistan now say that 90 islamic state fighters were killed by a powerful bomb launched by the united states on thursday — more than double the original estimate. is has denied it suffered any casualties in the attack, which targeted a network of caves and tunnels in eastern afghanistan. everton football club has banned the sun newspaper from its ground because of an article by columnist kelvin mackenzie. in it he compared the intelligence of club footballer ross barkley to that of a gorilla.
the mayor of liverpool has called for the newspaper to sack him for making what he called "racial slurs". mr mackenzie — who denies the article was made racist comments — has been suspended by the sun. richard galpin reports. the controversial article published yesterday in the sun has now led to kelvin mackenzie being suspended. the piece about the everton footballer ross barkley, whose grandfather was born in nigeria, compared him to a gorilla, and said the only other people in liverpool earning as much money as ross barkley were drug dealers. the comments, i believe were overtly racist. it showed a picture of ross barkley with a gorilla, knowing full well ross‘s heritage and his nigerian ancestry in terms of his grandad. i think it was a despicable comment.
kelvin mackenzie and the newspaper must see if the police will take the matter further. in a statement, the sun's publisher said it apologises for the offence caused, and it was unaware of ross barkley‘s heritage. there was never any slur intended. mr mackenzie says it was beyond parody to describe the article as racist. but if the newspaper which he edited for many years now admits the article was offensive, why did it allow it to be published? i would have thought that they knew enough to make sure that mackenzie did not refer to liverpool. especially on the anniversary of the hillsborough disaster. so it was a gross editorial oversight. and now everton football club has just announced that journalists from the sun have been banned from its ground.
kelvin mackenzie‘s future as a columnist for the newspaper is very much in question. our correspondent, frankie mccamley is at goodison park for us now. what feeling are you getting their about all this? well, julian, speaking to people and fans outside the club, a lot of them, as you can imagine, are saying they are extremely happy with this decision to ban the sun journalists, also from the training ground and any operations to do with a foot or club. just to give you an idea of the feeling of fan groups towards the feeling of fan groups towards the sun newspaper, we were given a leaflet this morning, and there were banners outside the club saying, the sun journalists are not welcome. we
know a lot of newsagents don't sell the newspaper and a lot of taxis we have seen have got this logo printed on them. speaking to the liverpool mayor, he did call for a protest to ta ke mayor, he did call for a protest to take place. he has now said that doesn't need to happen. because now there is this real sense that the people have spoken, the fans have spoken, the club has listened, and action has now been taken, following that article by kelvin mckenzie. you talk about attitudes to the sun newspaper more broadly liverpool, and that takes us back to the hillsborough tragedy and it is the anniversary of that today. of course, yes, not farfrom here, there is a service taking place at liverpool cathedral to remember those 96 people who lost those lives. there were a lot of people here, a lot of families here will be arriving today to come to this match ata arriving today to come to this match at a very sensitive time, so the fa ct at a very sensitive time, so the fact that that article was published
at this time has really, really upset fans here. they have been letting me know that, a lot of them. the family of a 20 year—old british student who was killed injerusalem have paid tribute to their daughter. hannah bladon, an exchange student, was stabbed yesterday by a palestinian man with a history of mental health problems. this afternoon, hannah's family released a statement, in which they described her as: "the most caring, sensitive "and compassionate daughter you could ever wish for. "she was driven and passionate and her death leaves so much "promise unfulfilled. "our family are devastated by this senseless and tragic attack." a man is in custody over her murder. police in sheffield are investigating four unexplained deaths in the barnsley area which they think might be linked to heroin use. they're trying to find out if the deaths were caused by the strength and content of the drug being used locally. the three men and a woman were aged
between 31 and 47 and were found at separate addresses. the turkish president has been speaking to supporters ahead of tomorrow's referendum on major constitutional changes that could see him gain significant new powers. he's hoping to secure a yes vote, which would see the country shift from a parliamentary to a presidential republic. joining me now form istanbul is the bbc‘s nuala mcgovern. what is at stake in this referendum? well, that is one thing that all the voters can agree on. they feel a huge amount of that stake. some are calling it the most significant moment in this country, history since the founding of the state after the collapse of the ottoman empire. to put it in shorter terms, basically, they are turning from a parliamentary republic to residential republic. president
erdogan, if he gets the yes vote that he wants will dismiss the prime minister and appoint a number of vice presidents. it will change the three bodies, thejudicial, the legislative and the executive branch, the detractors say it is too much powerfor president erdogan. very divided city. a lot of the posters i am seeing ourfull yes, a lot of the people i am meeting up saying no, it is expected to be incredibly close. president erdogan giving a rally for some votes in this referendum that is considered one of the most significant moments in this country's history. you mention the rally. we are showing pictures of mr byrd began. just a word about the response internationally to this. clearly,
there has been a lot of international interest because i have been disputes in other european countries about various pro tests and demonstrations and rallies. how close is this being watched abroad, do you think? the turkish diaspora is huge. in the malevolence, we are talking about 250,000 voters. —— in the netherlands. a man i met who was voting no doubt it was very much that his country is at stake and tu rkey‘s that his country is at stake and turkey's place in the world. they are involved in so many issues, syria, the refugee crisis, russia, turkey and mr eedogan is bang in the centre. if we speak to yes voters, they feel that mr eedogan, having more power will make him have a bigger bargaining chip with other world powers and he will be able to push through some more issues in
this country and make it safer, particular when it comes, they feel, to terror attacks. this is a city that has been through terror attacks and an attempted coup and an ongoing purge of many of the citizens in this country have been suspended detained orjailed. a really strong maritime for the country. —— a really strong time for the country. country and make it safer, particular when it comes, the headlines on bbc news: north korea stages a huge military parade to mark the anniversary of the birth of the country's founder, amid warnings over rising tensions with the us. everton football club has banned journalists from the sun from its grounds following a column by kelvin mackenzie regarding midfielder ross barkley. from december, learner drivers will have to show they can safely follow directions from a satnav, as part of an update of the practical test. the driving test is catching up with technology after the driving
and vehicle standards agency announced that learners with have to demonstrate they can safely use a satnav. the agency says it's vital that the practical test keeps up to date, as our correspondent, judith moritz, reports. every motorist has been through it, the rite of passage of taking a driving test, but in future learners will be examined on new things. the first driving test was taken in 1935. clearly today's drivers are used to a very different road experience. more than half of them use satnav and so the test has been updated to reflect that. so it's turning right out of gate and then continuing to follow the signs. i went for a drive with graham o'brien who helped develop the new test. satnav: turn right and then at the end of the road, turn left. drivers will have to follow satnav directions. so if we can incorporate it into the test that will drive the training and get people more familiar with dealing with that level of distraction as well which we know is one of the biggest
causes of accidents in the first six months with new drivers. learners will also be asked to show they can cope with real life scenarios such as parking within a bay. we were often taking people down into housing estates where they would be reversing around a corner and perhaps using up half a test doing some of these set piece manoeuvres. the point is to change all of that, to get people far greater experience of roads. the new tests have been trialled in some areas and will be introduced for everyone by the end of this year. candidates will be asked to drive independently for longer, but the cost and length of the exam will stay the same as no doubt will the nerves of those going through the process. let's talk to the ceo of the red driving school, ian mcintosh, whojoins me now via webcam from beverley in east yorkshire. good afternoon. good afternoon. what
do you make of these changes?” think they are tremendous. i think every road safety professional in the country is very much in favour of this. it is going to require the candidate to them as straight real—world skills in a real—world situation. so, the satnav element is an important part of it? yes, it is. it is very important because that is what people do in real life, they get in their car, they follow their satnav, and particularly young people, and they have never experienced thatjeering their training, so to have that as part of their training and indeed as part of their training and indeed as part of their test makes sense. presumably, you would argue the parking space, parking is an element of the test already but this is an additional pa rt already but this is an additional part to that? it is. they have made
space for additional things in the test and one of them is paid parking. that might be pulling to obey ina parking. that might be pulling to obey in a supermarket car park or it may be reversed into a babe that they knew would reverse out. again, it isa they knew would reverse out. again, it is a real scenario where that is exactly what normal drivers do every day when they go shopping. will you miss reversing around the corner?” don't think anybody will miss that particularly, no. we still have reversing but not reversing around the corner. in residential neighbourhoods, we do get complaints from people that living those neighbourhoods that we've got people practising around the ideal corner so practising around the ideal corner so that won't happen any more. the uk does have some pretty safe roads when you compare us to the rest of the world, world this test make those roads even safer? yes, the
statistics for the uk roads are excellent, and i would argue that in pa rt excellent, and i would argue that in part that is because of the great training which driving instructors across the country to deliver. yes, this will help indeed because young people, in particular, are liable or likely to have an accident within the first year, and by having practice and have been trained and tested in real world sit to asians, that will help enormously, —— in real—world situations, that will help enormously. so, this is a really sensible development. thank you. the national union of teachers annual spring conference continues in cardiff today. it comes as a survey ofjust over 3,000 staff carried out by the union found that almost half of young teachers expect to quit the profession within five years. increasing paperwork, longer hours and concerns over mental health were just some of the reasons cited. our education correspondent,
gillian hargreaves, is in cardiff. this entire conference and its sister conference in manchester both dominated by rows over funding cuts because teachers say that there is not enough money to run the classroom services in the way that they have been running the past. the government says funding has increased in cash terms to £40 billion this year, the highest figure ever. but teachers say there simply is not enough money to go around. and that is having all sorts of impact on teachers' workload, on their enthusiasm for the job even. so that is the frame in which all of the debate in this conference is being held. but a few moments ago the national union of teachers voted to increase industrial action against the government because of what it perceives as the funding crisis. one thing that it may consider in the future, if it is not happy with the settlement the government
comes up with, is industrial action including one day of national strikes. that is something they have just voted on here. but the government is in negotiations, it is holding a consultation on what is called a national funding formula, the allocation of money that schools get across england. and that consultation will continue for a while yet. it is not set in stone, but there is real anger here about the cuts that schools are facing. in terms of that funding formula, it appears that actually competitors in england who take part in weekend fun runs will no longer be charged, under new rules proposed by the government. the changes would make it illegal for councils to charge parkrun, whose events aim to encourage people to exercise. britain's creative companies are urging the government to overhaul its approach to the sector, as ministers draw up a national industrial strategy. they say british creativity is a big
export earner and should be taken just as seriously as other industrial sectors such as car making. here's our business correspondent, rob young. advertising, film—making, music and video games. britain's creative industries are well known around the world, and financially successful as well. more people work in the sector than in uk and gas and carmaking. areas which tend to get a lot of government attention. the trade body is demanding the government put creativity at the heart of the new industrial strategy. it recommends creative enterprise zones be set up, offering tax breaks and advice for start—ups on things like selling their services and products abroad. the organisation also want careers advice in schools to be overhauled. it says current guidance is inadequate and misleading. the jobs in future are going to require accommodation of creative and technical skills, that needs to be hard—wired into the workforce, and will go some way to meet some of the skills shortages in the sector
from the domestic workforce. but also we will always, i think, be an international hub for creativity. the business secretary says he wants to build on the sector's strengths, and is committed to doing a deal with the creative industry soon. as britain heads towards the european union exit door, cultural and creative companies are keen to push their case that british books, plays and tv programmes can also help britain define its role in the world. nasa scientists have released new global maps of the earth at night — which they say give us the clearest view yet of the patterns of human settlement across our planet. the maps are created by stitching together thousands of cloud free satellite images, taken over many months. sarah corker has been taking a closer look. these images of the world in darkness have been dubbed the black marble.
cameras on board a nasa satellite are so sensitive they can detect light from just a single fishing boat or isolated street lamp. these pictures were taken in 2016. the satellite data creates beautiful images, but also shows how humans have shaped the planet. this image shows europe at night and if you look more closely, you can see the boot—shaped peninsula of italy and lights coming from its towns and cities. and if we move over to africa, this is the river nile. it clearly shows how people have built their homes along its banks. this is a day—time image of the area, showing green fertile land and this is it lit up at night. the images have become a useful tool for scientists and researchers. they helped to detect power cuts after hurricane matthew struck parts of the caribbean and us in 2016. and in syria, the un has used the data to monitor the movement of people displaced by war.
while the most recent mount etna eruption was also caught on camera from space. next, nasa plans to release daily night images. they should help scientists to reduce light pollution, monitor unregulated fishing and even track sea ice movements across the world's oceans. news coming in talking about an explosion in a bus convoy waiting to enter the syrian city of aleppo. we are talking about people being either killed or wounded as a result of the explosion. the last, reuters say, hit specifically an area on aleppo's outskirts where dozens of buses carrying mostly shi'ite residents of two villages that had
been evacuated and it deal between the warring sides, and those kinds of deals have been happening at the last few days, these buses were waiting to enter the city. an unknown number of people have been killed or wounded. clearly, unknown number of people have been killed orwounded. clearly, more details coming in on that and we will bring you up to date in the next half an hour or so. that's check on the weather forecast now. still time to get out and about a saturday stroll. the weather not looking too bad, not one last weekend when we had temperatures up in? weekend when we had temperatures up in ? 20s but fairand dry weekend when we had temperatures up in ? 20s but fair and dry weather out there. as we go through the rest of the day, we will see showers in northern ireland, scotland, bose showers could contain hywel and thunder. one or two showers further south. this evening and tonight it
will get chilly. our increasing through northern ireland. eastern areas seeing a touch of frost. tomorrow, a central slice of the uk will see rainer times, even cold enough for some hill slide. chilly with sunshine and showers in the north of scotland. easter monday, some showers around, sunny spells as well. hello. this is bbc news. the headlines at 14.30: north korea warns the us not to take provocative action in the region, saying it is "ready to hit back with nuclear attacks". the comments came as north korea marks the 105th anniversary of the birth of its founding president, kim il—sung. everton football club bans sun journalists from its grounds following a column by kelvin mackenzie
regarding midfielder ross barkley. the mayor of liverpool welcomes the decision. it is right that everton have done what they done so i applaud that. i think the fans too will applaud that decision. learner drivers will have to follow directions from a sat nav to pass their test, under new rules coming into force in december. drivers will also be expected to answer vehicle safety questions while on the move. the final day of campaigning is underway in turkey ahead of a referendum on whether to grant greater powers to the president. president recep tayyip erdogan is seeking to turn the parliamentary system into an executive presidency. now on bbc news: britain's city of culture. hello, and welcome to hull, which, for the whole of 2017