hello, my name is tom donkin. welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. here are our top stories: turkey's president erdogan narrowly wins the referendum which will vastly increase his powers. he says constitutional changes will now go ahead. translation: today, the decision made by the turkish public is a historic moment. this is not an ordinary decision, this is not an ordinary day. piling pressure on pyongyang. a senior us official says president trump will involve china in finding options to deal with north korea, but stopped short of military action. and the death toll rises from saturday's bomb attack in syria. half the victims are said to be children. turkey's president,
recep tayyip erdogan, has declared victory in a controversial referendum granting him sweeping new powers. he said the country had turned a new page in its democracy. but opponents say the result amounts to a one—man rule, with the president now able to abolish the role of prime minister, and if necessary, dissolve parliament. the opposition are alleging voting fraud, and say they will challenge the result. our world affairs editor john simpson reports from istanbul. tonight, the victors were out in force, celebrating as though they had won by a big majority, instead of by a whisker. in fact, here in istanbul, and in turkey's two other largest cities, izmirand in ankara, the capital, the no campaign seems
actually to have won. the worry is that the result has been too narrow to settle anything for good. the bangs are notjust fireworks. those are guns being fired. the fact is that there is a big underlying level of nervousness and anger here, which really the result of this referendum, being so close, hasn't done anything to calm down. erdogan will be a world leader, says this man. no, no, no, no. this is history, this is history! however slight his majority in the referendum, president erdogan has taken the decision to push through his far—reaching constitutional changes, and deal with any consequences. translation: today, the decision
taken by the turkish public is a historic moment. this is not an ordinary day. these a very serious changes are underway, for turkey's future. then he went out to speak to some of his supporters face—to—face. they chanted, bring back the death penalty, and he seemed favourable to that. his argument all along has been that only a really strong presidency can galvanise turkey into being successful and wealthy, so he is getting rid of the old constitution‘s checks and balances. he is giving himself the power to hire and fire the country's judges, and he has made it possible for himself to stay as president until 2029. there have been one or two small opposition demonstrations, but he
has stamped down so hard on his opponents in recent years that they are reluctant to come out on the streets in any great numbers. the yes campaign might not have won the popular vote in the capital, ankara, but there tonight, it had its celebrations all carefully choreographed in advance. this has indeed been a day on which history was made, but it is likely to cut turkey off further from its old allies in western europe and america. what we have seen today looks like a major change of course. jonathan schanzer is senior vice president at foundation for defence of democracies. he is in washington for us. thank you forjoining us. this vote was supposed to bring stability for the country, but the result has highlighted some deep divisions, wouldn't you say? i would, i think some of the report of ballot stuffing and observers being blocked from being able to observe the referendum, that on top of the
politics that led up to this moment, deeply divided politics in turkey over the last several years, i think leads us to a moment where we look at the result, the result was a much thinner margin than expected. and so i believe that we are in for a bit ofa i believe that we are in for a bit of a rough go in turkey for the months to come. the opposition say they will challenge this result in they will challenge this result in the courts, perhaps. what hope do you think they have? well, i think that this is a tough mountain to climb. erdogan over the last several yea rs has climb. erdogan over the last several years has weakened the judiciary, and this has been the case since a corruption scandal broke, and certainly since the attempted coup of last year. we have seen that erdogan has really just of last year. we have seen that erdogan has reallyjust obliterated not just the erdogan has reallyjust obliterated notjust thejudiciary, but erdogan has reallyjust obliterated not just the judiciary, but also the military, and other traditional structures of power that might be able to challenge him. so i don't have a lot of faith in this process. i think it is important that they go
through with it, if only to challenge the results that we saw today. now, it is important to say that the country did face a coup last year. there is a continuing threat from the so—called islamic state and kurdish militants, not to mention the syrian conflictjust over the border, and also the troubled economy. many would argue that turkey needs a strong leader to deal with all of these challenges decisively. i would respond to that by saying that mr erdogan is already quite a strong leader. i think he is jailed more journalists than any other leader, i think, jailed more journalists than any other leader, ithink, in jailed more journalists than any other leader, i think, in the world within the last several years. he has gutted his own army, he has gutted thejudiciary, as i mentioned. there has been a massive crackdown in the so—called gulen movement. he is fighting a vicious war against kurdish militants in the east, and over the border in syria. no one has really been able to get into his way. so i think the idea that he needed this to consolidate power further, i would that he needed this to consolidate powerfurther, i would challenge.
and looking at the results from other places in europe, and the rest of the world, it hasn't been overly positive. do you think this could distance turkey from its old allies in europe and the us, and possibly see it forge new relationships? well, i think that horse has already left the barn, so to speak. we have already seen that nato has not been terribly pleased with turkey, in the way that turkey for example refused to allow the anti— isis coalition to access their base for many months. they of course also allowed for the 550 mile border with syria to remain very porous, so the jihadis could infiltrate. it really did look like turkey had turned a blind eye to these problems. so you have a lot of european countries that are unhappy about that, unhappy about turkey's releasing of refugees into europe, and using that as really a threat. i think we have already seen a distancing that, and we have seen a flotation on behalf of erdogan with putin, and of course with iran and
other countries in the middle east. so it really does appear that we are looking at a changing of turkey, that we are losing it, in some respect, and it is becoming more and more like a middle east country, and less like a european one, u nfortu nately. less like a european one, unfortunately. really good to get your thoughts. there is plenty more on turkey later in the programme, so stick around for that. america says it is working on a range of options with china, as tensions continue to grow over north korea's nuclear and missile programmes. pyongyang attempted to test—fire what is thought to be a medium—range missile this weekend, but it blew up shortly after take—off. our correspondentjohn sudworth is in the north korean capital, where his movements are being closely monitored. this flower show, like almost everything else in north korea, is dedicated to its ruling family. this is the stand of national
defence industry... and this display is in honour of their abiding obsession, missiles. is it a little strange to have rockets and missiles in a flower show? no, not strange at all. there are reports that there was a missile test... yeah. ..and some suggestions that it failed. have you heard these reports? this is not a failure. we will win, and we will have greater successes in the future. there has so far been no mention of the missile on north korean tv. but it is true, every launch, failure or not, takes the military one step closer to its goal. the timing of the latest missile test is significant, coming just a few hours before the us vice president, mike pence, arrived in the south korean capital, seoul. it is a message of defiance from here in pyongyang. its quest to become a fully—fledged nuclear power continues.
at its big military parade, it put some of its newest missiles on display. the decades of threats and sanctions against north korea have clearly done little to stop it. mr pence's talks will focus on trying to find something that will work. senior administration officials say military options are still on the table. the president has made clear that he will not accept the united states and its allies and partners in the region being under threat from this hostile regime, with nuclear weapons, and so we're working together with our allies and partners and with the chinese leadership to develop a range of options. at pyongyang's zoo, there was a relaxed, holiday atmosphere. the looming crisis seems far from anyone's mind.
north korea appears confident that president trump's threats will turn out to be hollow, and that he will conclude, like others before him, that war carries far too many risks. john sudworth, bbc news, pyongyang. the number of people thought to have died in saturday's bomb attack in syria has risen to 126, including 68 children. that is according to local activists. they were among busloads of civilians being brought out of two pro—government towns in the north—west that have been under siege. the blast happened on the outskirts of aleppo. a warning that this report from our diplomatic correspondent james landale contains some distressing scenes. they were heading for what they thought was safety. thousands of civilians from government—held villages had been under siege by rebel forces for two years, just a short bus ride from aleppo, and a better life. but then this.
a massive suicide bomb attack, a vehicle supposedly carrying food, packed instead with explosives, devastating the convoy of buses and cars. a potato truck, as they were hungry, comes and offers for the kids potato chips, potato bags. so the kids, who were very hungry, they left, some of them left the buses, went to the truck, and as soon as they approached the truck, it exploded. among the 126 dead were 68 children, according to british—based activists who monitor the conflict. hundreds of others injured in the attack were rushed to hospital in aleppo. it is still not clear who was responsible for the attack, although local islamist rebel groups have denied any involvement. the people travelling in these buses were part of a deal between government and opposition forces to evacuate civilians from towns besieged by both sides.
they were attacked as they waited for another convoy to get going in the south, evacuating civilians from rebel—held areas. but an attack like this, that left so many dead, will raise doubts about whether there will be more evacuation deals in the future. the remaining survivors in the convoy continued theirjourney on to aleppo in relative safety. the united nations condemned the attack, and urged all sides to ensure the security of evacuees. but there are already fears that civilians in rebel—held areas may now face revenge attacks. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: out of the rubble of war, the new exhibition that shows how modern japan was built. pol pot, one of the century's greatest mass murderers is reported to have died of natural causes.
he and the khmer rouge movement he led were responsible for the deaths of an estimated 1.7 million cambodians. there have been violent protests in indonesia, where playboy has gone on sale for the first time. traditionalist muslim leaders have expressed disgust. the magazine's offices have been attacked and its editorial staff have gone into hiding. it was clear that paula's only contest was with the clock and as for a sporting legacy, paula radcliffe's competitors will be chasing her new world—best time for years to come. quite quietly, but quicker and quicker, she seemed just to slide away under the surface and disappear. this is bbc news.
i'm tom donkin. the latest headlines: ‘yes' campaigners in turkey celebrate as they claim victory in the referendum. president erdogan says changes to the constitution will now go ahead. a rescue operation is under way in north—western iran following heavy flooding. according to state media at least thirty people are reported to have died. others are said to be missing following torrential rains. areas of east azerbaijan are reportedly, the worst hit. but several other provinces are effected as kasra naji reports. —— affected as kasra naji reports. northwesterner rahn has been badly hit. many rivers have burst their banks, taking roads, bridges and houses with them. about a dozen or
so houses with them. about a dozen or so people are still missing. the floods have taken many by surprise. this is a country that has been suffering from persistent drought for many years. clergymen have repeatedly asked people to pray for rain. it seems their prayers have been answered but none the way they expected. floods have been reported from five provinces in the north with the worst reported from the mountainous north—west to wear them melting of snow has contributed to the disaster. the authorities have issued warnings of more floods in the next few days as more torrential rains are expected. back now to our top story — so what does the referendum result mean for turkey's relationship with europe — remember, for a long time turkey has been wooing the eu, hoping tojoin. president erdogan‘s narrow victory has brought warnings of caution. the european commission released a statement saying because of the "far—reaching implications of the constitutional amendments, we call on the turkish
authorities to seek the broadest possible national consensus in their implementation". the council for europe — of which, turkey is a member — says "in view of the close result the turkish leadership should consider the next steps carefully." it says it's "of utmost importance to secure the independence of thejudiciary." remember — under turkey's proposed new constitution, the president would have the power to intervene in the justice system. the danish prime minister lars lokke rasmussen has taken to twitter, saying "strange to see democracy restrict democracy. the majority has the right to decide, but i'm quite concerned about the new turkish constitution". and austrian foreign minister sebastian koortz tweeted "it shows how divided the country is. collaboration with the eu will be even more complex". a number of residents in istanbul have been marching in protest against the referendum result. these pictures are from the capital ankara where scuffles broke out
between people supporting the ruling ak party, and those aligned with the opposition. police were called in to prevent further clashes. so where to next for turkey? to help answer that here's our turkey correspondent in ankara — mark lowen. you have one side of the country tonight that is jubilant, that feels it has clinched victory, and it has given president erdogan — given him sweeping new powers. the other side of the country that is not accepting this result, claiming massive voting irregularity, saying that 1.5 million votes which should have been declared invalid, because they lack the official stamp of the electoral supreme board, were actually given to the yes side, and that electoral observers were blocked from south—eastern polling stations, in the south—east of the country. they have vowed, the opposition, to challenge this at the high court, at the electoral supreme court.
so really, in a sense, in terms of the stability of turkey result, going forward. in the short term, going forward, this is possibly the worst possible result, going forward. and really, when you look at the breakdown of the votes, the more rural, higher side of the country voting in favour of president erdogan, the more cosmopolitan, western—looking cities voting against him. turkey is split down the middle, more polarised than ever. we will have continuing coverage on turkey here on bbc world news. until then, please go to our website for more background including why turkey has had this referendum as well as written analysis from all of our correspondence in the country. it is on our website. it's time for some other news this hour. the iraqi military says that following fierce fighting with islamic state militants its forces have pushed deeper into the heart of the city of mosul. after weeks of near stalemate, the government forces say they managed to advance some 200 metres. gaining ground in the old city has
proved particularly difficult. the italian coastguard says in the past two days — more than 5,000 people have been picked up from un—seaworthy boats off the libyan coast. it's thought that clear weather and calmer seas have led to an increased number of attempted crossings of the mediterranean by migrant vessels. united airlines is changing its policy of giving staff last—minute seats on full flights after a man was dragged screaming from an overbooked plane. dr david dao lost two front teeth and suffered a broken nose when he was forcibly removed. the airline said that in future crew members would be allocated seats at least an hour before departure. let's return to one of our other main stories — in the aftermath of world war two, widespread devastation of japan brought a desperate need to rebuild communities. out of the rubble, radical new ideas had emerged of reinventing the traditional japanese house.
we've been on tour of a new exhibition in london that traces the history of the country's architectural design. it really feels like the end of the second world war injapan really opened a new era of the most fascinating investigation in the field of architecture. there was such a need to reconstruct and rebuild houses and housing for people. the country has been massively bombed by the us forces, so the country was in a state of shock, a state of trauma. it was really this idea of how do we construct our lives, how do we reconstruct our tradition, how do we face our own history? there's, like, several rooms split and scattered in the garden. it does not really look
like a house, it looks like a city. it looks like a little plot of a little village inside tokyo. there's no barrier that separates the house from the outside. it's like going up on a treehouse in the forest. it has a very kind of charming, lovingly crafted structure. this is where the tea ceremonies take place. a visionary architect who works with traditional techniques and carpentry. he's using a technique of shard wood, which has been
used for centuries. i think the big lesson we learn from japanese architects is that the nature, the environments, the animals, the weather — the humans should not only be at the centre of everything. sunday would have been the 128th birthday of hollywood legend charlie chaplin. to mark the day, hundreds of people gathered at the chaplin museum in switzerland — the country where he spent his final years. while there, they celebrated his work and his ideals. the bbc‘s tim allman reports. charlie chaplin spent the last 25
yea rs of charlie chaplin spent the last 25 years of his life at this estate. so here seemed an appropriate place to celebrate him and his work. the little tramp. lots of them. his most famous creation. a character, a performer that seems timeless and strangely up today. translation: performer that seems timeless and strangely up today. translatiosz you look at all the tensions that are shattering the world right now and if you look at a movie like the dictator or even modern times, the issues they can be still very releva nt. issues they can be still very relevant. at one point in the early pa rt relevant. at one point in the early part of the 20th century, charlie chaplin was just about the most famous man in the world. his films, loved by millions. his politics, a lot more controversial. eventually he was barred from returning to the united states. in some ways he had become a citizen of the world.
united states. in some ways he had become a citizen of the worldlj think it is his character, you know? the little tramp. he is to universal. everyone has a little tramp inside themselves so they recognise themselves. this was a gathering to help mark his work and his values. appropriate that they formed a style, because that is exactly what he was. a reminder of our top story: the turkish president, recep tayyip erdogan has narrowly won a referendum to expand presidential powers which could keep him in office until 2029. 0pposition leaders have said they will challenge the result. the european union has said it will assess the findings of election observers amid claims of irregularities. and you can get in touch with me and the team on twitter. good morning.
the forecast is one that benefits those on break. not much rain around, but some dry and quite sunny weather to enjoy at times. turning warmer, after a chilly start overnight. will still stay frosty, especially in the south, and quite cold out there at the moment. as we start the day, we have high pressure to the west of us, low pressure to the north—east, the northerly pressure bringing cold air notjust to us but to a good part of northern and eastern europe as well. now, most will start dry and bright across the northern half of the uk. so let's start the forecast for easter monday here. there may be one or two showers across parts of scotland, but a brighter day to begin with across northern england, and indeed northern ireland. northern ireland should stay dry throughout. but showers and rain, sleet to lower levels. sleet and snow in eastern scotland will drift away southwards through the day, followed by much, much sunnier conditions. whereas further south we start off with the cloud, and maybe the odd spot of light rain and drizzle for parts of wales, the midlands, into the south, in particular. there will be very few
showers through the day. most will avoid them. if they do come your way, they will be fairly fleeting. and notice how the clouds break up, more sunshine developing through the afternoon. so again, just about across—the—board, more of you will see the sunshine on easter monday than you did through sunday. these are the temperatures to finish through the afternoon. lighter winds further south. in the sunshine, should feel reasonably pleasant. we finish the day with lots of showers in northern england, and they will drift down the eastern areas to take us through the night and into tuesday. as they ease off, the skies clear, the wind falls that little bit lighter, temperatures will plummet. for those of you in the northern half of uk, it will be the coldest night of the week. away from the towns and cities, temperatures —5 to —7 in some parts of scotland, most just about avoiding frost across the south. probably a bit too much breeze into tuesday, could bring the odd shower, and we could see the odd spot of rain in the hebrides a bit later. but for the commuters, a cold start to tuesday, but for those on holiday it is looking like a good day. most places dry, with lots of sunshine.
a bit of a fresh spring day, but that sun is strong enough to make it still feel reasonably pleasant. then, as we go through wednesday, a high establishes itself across the southern half of the uk. we will see westerly winds pushing into the south of scotland. that will bring the cloud, the odd spot of rain, that will push into parts of northern ireland, as well, keeping the temperatures up here on wednesday morning. but further south, this will be a colder start to the week. one or two of you could get down to —6 or —7. couldn't rule out the odd shower to the south and east, but most places will be dry and fairly sunny. goodbye for now. the latest headlines from bbc news. i'm tom donkin. officials in turkey have announced that president recep tayyip erdogan has narrowly won sunday's referendum on his plans to substantially increase the powers of the presidency. with more than 91% of the votes counted, the yes campaign won just over 51% of the votes. a senior member of the trump administration has said the united states, its allies and china are working together
to develop options for dealing with north korea. the us national security adviser, hr mcmaster, said beijing had joined an international consensus that the situation could not continue. the number of people thought to have died in saturday's bomb attack in syria has risen to 126, including 68 children, according to local activists. they were among busloads of civilians being brought out of two pro—government towns that have been under siege. one of the biggest teachers' unions says children with special needs aren't getting the support they are entitled to,