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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 16, 2017 5:00am-5:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is duncan golestani. our top stories: a huge rally for turkey's president, consolidating power a year after the attempted coup. tony blair says britain could win concessions on immigration and stay in the european union. tributes are paid to the iranian mathematician who was the first woman to win the world's top prize in maths. thousands march through hong kong to mark the death of chinese dissident and nobel peace prize winner, liu xiaobao. turkey's president, recep tayyip erdogan, has addressed flag—waving supporters at mass rallies in ankara and istanbul, marking a year since the failed military coup. tens of thousands watched him speak at a bridge where thirty—four people died in a battle with renegade troops twelve months ago. president erdogan said the defeat
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of the plot was a victory for democracy — he told the crowds that the suspects on trial should wear orange jump suits, like those worn by guantanamo bay detainees. mark lowen reports. they returned to where the nightmare began. seized by the tanks a year ago, it is now renamed 15 july martyrs bridge, tens of thousands celebrating victory today. they call it turkey's second independence, joy and relief clear, and they remembered the 260 killed as the people stood up to the plotters, known as feto. last year, a lion, that lion is turkish nation, was tried to strangle, by cats. they are militants with tanks, f—16s, bullets, rifles.
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but they couldn't strangle the lion. it was the greatest ever attack on the turkish state, rogue soldiers bombing buildings, blocking roads, and driving tanks into civilians. by dawn, it had failed. then came the purge, 50,000 arrested, and 150,000 sacked or suspended. a year ago, there was unity against the coup, but tonight the opposition says it is not coming here. deep cracks have opened up over the mass arrests and dismissals. this half of the nation believe the 15th of july marks turkey's rebirth. the other half says it is killing off what is left of turkish democracy.
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as night fell, their hero arrived. he was almost captured in the coup, but president erdogan emerged stronger, and tightened his grip. translation: i would like to thank all our citizens who protected and defended their freedom, democracy, religion, state, government, and future and independence. i thank each and every individual member of our nation. elsewhere, they are fighting back against the purge, protests in support of two academics on hunger strike for four months, since they were fired. alongside, a human rights monument is now sealed off, a bleak metaphor for turkey's plight. translation: one day your name is on a list, and you're struck off. your life is turned upside down. you're killed off by the system. they want to live, but for their demands to be met. i can't think of any alternative. the celebrations went on alongside the new martyrs monument, the 15th of july now etched into the country, for better or worse. a year since the national trauma, and turkey still torn. let's take a look at some
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of the other stories making the news. at least eight people are thought to have been killed in a stampede that broke out after a football match in the senegalese capital, dakar. fans of two local teams clashed after a game at the demba diop stadium. police responded by using tear gas, leading to panic. a wall collapsed as a large number of people attempted to leave the stadium. dozens of people are reported to have been injured. israel says it will reopen the sensitive holy site injerusalem, the temple mount or haram al—sharif, later on sunday. it was closed on friday after two israeli police officers were killed there by three israeli arab gunmen. the international airport serving the libyan city of benghazi has officially re—opened for commercial traffic, amid a heavy security, after a three—year closure caused by fighting. the airport in libya's second city shut amid escalating conflict in 2014. the british government is to review
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whether to strengthen punishments given to people who commit acid attacks. it comes after five people were hurt in attacks in london on thursday night. a teenager has been charged with 15 offences. tony blair has suggested the uk could win concessions on immigration — to try to keep it within the european union. the former british prime minister said european leaders might be prepared to offer a compromise on the free movement of people. his comments, though, have been dismissed by senior british conservative and opposition labour figures. 0ur political correspondent, eleanor garnier reports. balancing the needs of the uk economy at the same time as getting greater control of britain's borders is a key issue in the brexit debate. but the former labour prime minister has suggested political change in france has opened the path to compromise. tony blair claims the eu could be willing to make concessions on the free movement of people, to allow the uk to stay in a reformed eu.
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britain benefits enormously from that freedom of movement. however, the question is whether there are changes, qualifications to it, not alteration of the indivisibility of the principle, but qualifications to it around the things that concern people. but those claims directly contradict what those in brussels are saying, that the uk must accept free movement, without exception or nuance. i'm not going to disclose conversations i had within europe, but i'm not saying this simply on the basis of a whim. some of those who campaigned to leave the eu says there is no evidence to back up mr blair's claim. the eu itself has made it absolutely clear that the four freedoms, including freedom of movement, are indivisible, as they've called it. the chief negotiator, barnier, has said that. they took four minutes to agree those guidelines. there is no debate in the eu. it's complete nonsense, it's just another attempt to undermine brexit.
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campaigning in southampton, the current labour leader rejected his predecessor's position, and says his party respects the result of the referendum. anyone is entitled to give their views, and i listen to all of them. the views we have is that we want to see tariff—free access to the european market, protection of eu nationals, and protection of the labour rights and environmental conditions and consumer rights we achieved through european union membership. this latest intervention from tony blair will not change the government's approach to negotiations. ministers say the former labour prime minister is demonstrating again that he is out of touch with voters. but mr blair has reopened the debate on the central issue of brexit, a decision he says is the biggest the country has faced since the second world war. once, he helped determine britain's place in the world. now, this former prime minister must settle with commenting from the sidelines. eleanor garnier, bbc news. tributes have been made
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to the world—renowned iranian mathematician, maryam mirzakhani, who has died of cancer in the united states. the ao—year—old was the first woman to win the prestigious fields medal, regarded as the equivalent of the nobel prize for mathematics. while there's been much praise for her work, there's been some anger on social media at the way official media outlets have avoided showing images of her unveiled, as she chose to dress in the west. caroline series, emeritus professor of mathematics at warwick university in england, was a friend and colleague. it is just absolutely tragic news. we had known that she was ill for a long time, but it is just terrible. she was a completely brilliant and outstanding mathematician. the fact that she was iranian and the fact that she was first woman to win this prestigious fields medal, she was just such an icon and a role model and inspiration around the world.
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she will be sorely missed. it was the way in which she managed to combine ideas that, perhaps, other people knew, but she combined them together in a completely unexpected and remarkable way. she sent me a copy, a draft of her thesis and ph.d dissertation before it was finally submitted and the way she put together ideas which, really, i had known about but she was able to combine things and draw astonishing and remarkable conclusions with them. quite cleanly and... not simply, it is technical, but, somehow, to get to some goal that would be completely unexpected and turn around the way you would think about the whole subject. rather hard to explain how or why, but somebody mentioned the words artistry in mathematics, and that is what she showed us all, in a very, very high degree. thousands of people have marched through the streets of hong kong
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following the burial at sea of the chinese nobel peace prize winner, liu xiaobao. the largely silent crowd walked to china's representative office to show their support for mr liu, who died in hospital on thursday, while serving an eleven—year prison sentence for his political activism. out at sea, at an unknown location, the remains of liu xiaobo were placed in an urn. with his wife and relatives looking on, the ashes were committed to the water. this video was released to suggest that in death, as in life, they had treated the nobel peace prize winner with dignity. after the ceremony, the authorities put liu xiaobo‘s eldest brother in front of the cameras, to praise the communist party's humanity.
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translation: first of all, on behalf of my family, and especially of my brother's wife, all the things the government has done since my brother's death were all done at the request of his family. each and every one was met with satisfaction. he was led away before journalists could ask why the nobel laureate was buried at sea. was it so that his admirers would have nowhere to go to remember him? mr liu's wife, liu xia, has been under house arrest since her husband won the nobel prize in 2010. her mental health has deteriorated, and officials suggested she was now a free woman. but that claim has yet to be tested. liu xiaobo was given a nobel award after being jailed for calling for political change in china. in prison, little was heard of him. then suddenly, a few weeks ago, the authorities announced he was receiving treatment for liver cancer. china's leaders despised liu xiaobo and what he stood for in life.
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they tried to control the manner of his death. but a nobel peace prize brings worldwide recognition, and so even china had no choice but to honour his passing. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: getting down and dirty — 4,000 people take part in the annual shanghai mud—run. the flamboyant italian fashion designer gianni versace has been shot dead in florida. the multi—millionaire was gunned down outside his home in the exclusive south beach district of miami. emergency services across central europe are stepping up their efforts to contain the worse floods this century. nearly 100 people have been killed. broadway is traditionally called the "great white way" by americans, but tonight it is completely blacked out. it is a timely reminder to all americans of the problems that the energy crisis has brought to them. 200 years ago today, a huge parisian crowd stormed the bastille prison —
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the first act of the revolution which was to topple the french monarchy. today, hundreds of thousands throng the champs—elysees for the traditional military parade. finally, fairy penguins have been staggering ashore and collapsing after gorging themselves on a huge shoal of their favourite food, pilchards. some had eaten so much they could barely stand. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: president erdogan of turkey has told thousands of supporters, gathered to mark the first anniversary of a failed military coup, that the plotters should be shown no mercy. the former british prime minister tony blair has suggested the uk could stay in the eu if other countries were prepared to offer compromises on immigration. china has warned that india will face embarrassment if it
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doesn't pull its troops from doklam, a region claimed by china in the himalayas. chinese state media said there was no room for negotiations until india withdraws. india says it sent troops there last month to stop the chinese from building a new road on territory claimed by bhutan. ankit panda is senior editor at the diplomat magazine in new york and joins me live. thank you very much for speaking to us. thank you very much for speaking to us. can you explain the origins of the dispute? absolutely. this one is quite an obscure dispute between the two countries. what is incredibly important to observe here is that the border that indian troops crossed is a settled international boundary which makes it a little bit more different than a similar incident between india and chinese troops in 2013 and 1a which took place in the country's western
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sector where the border was disputed between india and china but here india and china don't have a dispute but india has a strong national interest in preventing the chinese people's liberation army from making any sort of improvements that could aid military logistics in a time of war in this piece of territory that is disputed between bhutan and china. given the size of the shared border, how unusual is that for them to conduct relations like this? i'm thinking particularly of the chinese statement saying they will be —— be embarrassment if the troops pulled out. absolutely, that is another thing that makes the stand—off unique is the level of rhetoric with being out of the chinese side. they are quitea being out of the chinese side. they are quite a kaput ekka about what they see as indian aggression across an international boundary into territory that china considers to be a part of its sovereign territory even though it has disputed with the kingdom of bhutan. the chinese rhetoric is also notable here for having presented an ultimatum. in
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previous crises diplomacy was possible because the chinese were willing to talk to the indian side but here as noted the precondition is the indians must withdraw first but by doing so india would be admitting defeat, effectively losing face, set in both countries up for the 10th stand—off that we witnessing today. you mentioned previous crises, i wonder how are relations between these two great superpowers? relations between india and china are delicate mix of cooperation and competition. the rising asian giants with massive economies, the rest necessarily a large degree of economic cooperation between them but on strategic matters, ranging from india's tense relationship with its other nuclear rival and neighbour pakistan to questions of global order and regional security the relationship is tense between the two countries. a shot hasn't been fired at their border in multiple decades now that the two countries did a war in xd two when india was defeated quite soundly by china and the memory of
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that defeat looms large given today in india and affect indian strategic thinking and a china along the border. we will leave it there but thank you very much forjoining us here on bbc world news. the technology entrepreneur elon musk has warned the development of artificial intelligence has become the greatest risk faced by human civilisation. he made the comments at a gathering of us lawmakers, arguing that politicians should start taking the threat seriously. greg dawson reports. he's hardly a man you could accuse of being afraid of technology. in the future, elon musk wants to develop space rockets to send people to mars. and in the present, he is pioneering driverless cars with his company tesla. but at a gathering of us state governors, he talked about fears of a time when machines outsmart the humans who control them. i think people should be really concerned about it. i keep sounding the alarm bell, but until people see robots going down the street and killing people, they don't know how to react
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because it seems so ethereal. i think we should be really concerned about al. the doctor! it is the doctor! for decades, the idea of robots threatening human life has belonged to the realm of science fiction. but elon musk says it is highly likely to evolve into science fact. robots will be able to do everything better than us. i'm included — i mean all of us, you know. yeah... i'm not sure exactly what to do about this. laughter. i am sofia. yeah, anything else? i'm a robot. a glimpse into the future was showcased at a technology conference in hong kong with hanson robotics company showcasing models that talk and even sing. disturbing?
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maybe. but not threatening. elon musk admits he does not have the answer to keep mankind safe, but said it should start with lawmakers proactively regulating artificial intelligence before it's too late. greg dawson, bbc news. thousands of people have been taking part in demonstrations in mali's capital bamako. it's against proposed changes to the constitution. the campaign against the changes is being led by opposition parties and civil society groups. some believe the proposed reforms give too much power to the president. others say it is impossible to hold a credible referendum whilejihadist insurgent groups control territory in the north of the country. but to be made of the human contribution to climate change in
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recent yea rs contribution to climate change in recent years that livestock is also a majorfactor in global warming, all to do with methane that the animals admit that are just their food. now smallholders in kenya are getting together to combat the problem. christine musasia's farm only has five cows, but it is part of a new battle against global warming, because cows are a major contributor to climate change. by using a few simple techniques to change the way she farms, christine has drastically cut her cows' methane emissions. the techniques have been taught by a swedish development organisation. to have happy cows, they need good feed and these type of grasses, together with several other kinds
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of fodders that christine has put in herfarm is to ensure that her cows get a balanced diet as opposed to having cows roaming out on the roadside, trying to get something to eat. giving good quality feeds to the cows that they can easily digest, they are able to produce more milk. and, at the end of the day, we have happier, healthier cows. i make sure my cow is clean. christine used to get one or two litres of milk per day. now, she is getting over five litres a day. as a result, christine will need fewer cows, and fewer cows means less methane. by feeding the cows better, you are reducing the methane situation, you are reducing the destruction that a large herd
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would cause by overgrazing on the vegetation. the work is funded by european companies such as danone. it gets them carbon credits that offset their own pollution. danone also part owns the dairy where christine sells milk to. so danone wins. how about christine? i save my money. my children are learning, going to school, and i canjust decide today to go and buy a dress, and i go. whatever we do in our own little way has an impact. it is what christine is doing, it is what the 30,000 farmers in this project will be doing, and together we can impact positively to a global challenge. staying with sport — well, sort of. there's been quite the race taking place in china but if you were a participant,
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you might need a good clean—up afterwards, as the bbc‘s tim allman explains. # mud, mud, glorious mud...# in shanghai, this is one way to get down and dirty, literally — the city's annual mud run. you can crawl through it, jump into it, even go for a swim in the stuff. the possibilities are endless, but hardly spotless. translation: just like the slogan of our race, "i dare," i hope the race can bring experience beyond other normal races. when they are facing challenges such as mud and obstacles, they dare to step forward. during the race, they can show their abilities and help their team—mates around them. more than 4,000 people taking part, facing 26 obstacles.
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some are harder than others. but it seems like a popular, albeit rather mucky, event. translation: i feel great rolling in mud. i feel tired, but after living in a city for a long time, i had no time tojoin a race like this. it is exciting to do things you have never tried before. it is really fun. and this is not a one—off. there are more races still to come later this year — more chances to wallow in glorious mud. before we go, let me show you a very expensive accident in los angeles. this is an art gallery showing a series of sculptures. keep an eye on the two women on the right of the screen. they are taking photos and all goes well until one of them tries to crouch down to take a selfie.
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just look at those plinths going like dominoes. a spokesman for the gallery said the damage caused was in the region of $200,000. no word so on who has to pay for that. you can see one of the women they are trying to put it upright. i have to say they don't look particularly alarmed, so i think we can presume that they are not paying the bill! a reminder of our top story this hour. 0n the first anniversary of an attempted military coup in turkey, president erdogan has addressed tens of thousands of people at a rally in istanbul. he said there should be no mercy for the plotters and their supporters, who should have their heads chopped off if parliament reinstates the death penalty. stay with bbc world news.
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hello there. if saturday was a little bit cloudy for your liking, well, most places can expect something a little brighter during sunday. the skies actually started to brighten in one or two spots on saturday afternoon and evening. that was the sunset in cambridgeshire. and a little earlier in the day, where we saw cloud breaking up a little bit through the likes of the midlands and northern ireland, temperatures lifted very readily, up to 24 or 25 degrees because of the wedge of warm, humid air that was sitting in place. now, fast—forward to the start of sunday morning, that wedge of warm air is confined to the southern half of the country, where it will be quite cloudy, misty, murky and drizzly in places. a very, very warm start to the day indeed, but something cooler and fresher for northern ireland and for scotland. that will be, though, where we see the best of the sunshine during sunday morning. northern ireland, scotland, quite a lot of sunshine, although very blustery winds for northern scotland, perhaps gales in exposed spots, bringing showers into the mix. across the north of england, things will turn increasingly bright as our weather front, this cold front, slips further southward. along the line of the front
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and to the south of it, it's going to be quite a cloudy start to the day. quite misty, murky and drizzly for parts of wales and the south—west. cloudy too across east anglia and the south—east, but notice 20 degrees in london, even at 9:00am in the morning. anywhere to the south of the front, that is where we will have the warmest and the most humid conditions, but equally, the most cloud. having said that, the cloud will start to break up a little bit, particularly towards the south—east, and with the humid air that could lift temperatures to 26 or 27 degrees. further north and west, a lot of sunshine, a cooler, fresher feel, blustery showers across northern scotland. but what about wimbledon? well, it looks largely dry. things will brighten up a little bit as the day goes on. with that, the threat of a shower, perhaps a 30% chance of a light shower as the front moves its way through during the latter part of sunday. but through sunday night, into monday, the front clears away, and it allows this area of high pressure to build its way in. that means a beautiful start to the week, if you like warm weather and sunshine, that is.
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there will be a lot of sunshine across the country, with some extra cloud close to the far south. easily 20—26 degrees, some spots could begin to get quite close to 30. and another very warm day to come on tuesday. most places dry with sunshine but notice down to the south. don't take this too literally, but there is an increasing chance that we will see thunderstorms spreading up from the south. there could be thunderstorms just about anywhere on wednesday. as they clear away, it will turn cooler and fresher for the end of the week. this is bbc news, the headlines. 0n the first anniversary of an attempted military coup in turkey, president erdogan has addressed tens of thousands of people at a rally in istanbul. he said there should be no mercy for the plotters and their supporters, who should have their heads chopped off if parliament reinstates the death penalty. the former british prime minister, tony blair, has suggested the uk
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could stay in the eu if other governments are prepared to compromise on immigration. however, the current leader of the opposition labour party, jeremy corbyn insisted that the result of last year's brexit referendum must be respected. thousands of people have marched through the streets of hong kong following the burial at sea of the jailed chinese nobel peace prize winner, liu xiaobo. the largely silent crowd walked to china's representative office in the territory to show their support for mr liu, who died on thursday. now on bbc news, it's time to look back at the week in parliament.
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