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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 14, 2017 8:00pm-9:01pm BST

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this is bbc news. the headlines at eight. president trump condemns the far—right groups involved in violent protests in virginia as repugnant, following days of criticism of his initial response. racism is evil and those who cause violence then it names are criminals and thugs including kkk, neo—nazis, white supremacists. a white nationalist appears in court in virginia, charged with second degree murder, after a car ploughed into protesters, killing one and injuring 19. hundreds of people are feared dead and others remain trapped after a mudslide on the outskirts of sierra leone's capital, freetown. also in the next hour: pakistan celebrates 70 years as a sovereign state. partition from india led to one of the largest mass migrations the world has ever seen and sectarian violence on both sides of the border. a rise in rural crime. insurers say thieves
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are targeting land rovers, tractors and quad bikes, despite increased security on farms. and no more bongs for a while — big ben will fall silent next week for nearly four years — because of urgent repair work. the american president donald trump has explicitly condemned race—hate extremist groups including the klu klux klan, two days after a protester was killed in the violent scenes that surrounded a far—right rally in the state of virginia. the president said racism was evil and the groups that espoused it were repugnant.
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it follows widespread criticism over his previous comments on the weekend's events which critics said failed to condemn far right protestors specifically. meanwhile, one white nationalist has appeared in court charged with second degree murder — after a woman died when a car was driven into a crowd of demonstrators. our north america editor jon sopel reports. the president has returned to washington from holiday this morning to meet the director of the fbi and the attorney general following weekend violence in charlottesville. meanwhile in the university of virginia town, there were scuffles outside the court where james alex fields appeared this morning on murder charges after a car ploughed into anti—racism protesters. oh, my god! badly hurt! the president's, everyone‘s to blame response, and
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silence since, led to a firestorm of criticism so why has donald trump been so unusually quiet over this? well the number of fully paid—up white supremacists may be relatively small but the number who have sympathies is probably far larger. they were among the most vociferous supporters of his last november. certainly, his surrogates have condemned the far right but donald trump reluctantly so. today, 48 hours on, a marked shift in language from the president. racism is evil and those who cause violence in its name are criminals and thugs, including the kkk, neo—nazis, white supremacists and other hate groups that are repugnant to everything we hold dear as americans. we are a nation founded on the truth, that all of us are created equal. we are equal in the eyes of our creator. we are equal under the law and we are equal under our constitution.
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but this was too little, too late for ken frazier. today, the boss of one of america's pharmaceutical companies resigned from the president's industry forum, saying: within minutes, donald trump fired back at this prominent african—american:. donald trump is bent to criticism, something that has not happened often, but it has left many asking, why didn't he deliver these remarks two days ago? our washington correspondent gary o'donohue explained the significance of mr trump's address. it was a full—blown statement, very
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strong language, referring to kkk as criminals and thugs and addressing directly the question of racist and racial violence. i think there will be many who having asked him to come out and see something strong, it will be difficult to criticise the actual content of what he said today, that it is not the first thing he said on the matter, he said something very different on saturday when he talked about the violence being on many sites. that upset a lot of people. it caused a lot of belief that he wasn't really prepared to condemn these kinds of groups because they were in some senses supportive of him. we have the words now. we will see how he goesin the words now. we will see how he goes in the next few days when he is not reading a prepared statement,
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when he is free—form, lightly so often does. let us see what he says then, but for the time being, this is what has critics wanted and this is what has critics wanted and this is what has critics wanted and this is what he has given them. and we'll find out how this story — and many others — are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:40 this evening in the papers. our guests joining me tonight are the author and broadcaster natalie haynes and rob merrick, deputy political editor of the independent. more than 300 people are feared dead and others remain trapped after a mudslide in the west african state of sierra leone. a hillside on the outskirts of the capital freetown collapsed early on monday following heavy rains, leaving many homes buried under a wall of mud. around 250 bodies have been recovered so far. james robbins reports. snatched video on a mobile phone shows a torrent of mud and water carrying away everything in its path. this driver risked his life
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on a bridge all but overwhelmed by the flash floods. freetown is an overcrowded coastal city. it has few defences against heavy rains. they come every year but not usually with quite such ferocity. around 250 bodies. been recovered so far, the authorities fear there could be many more trapped in the ruins of houses. a bbc reporter is there. i went down to the spot myself and you could see people using their bare hands, pulling up corpses from beneath the mud. the road itself is a disaster area, the road is almost impassable. there are massive rocks and this area, called mount sugarloaf, caved in in the early hours of this morning and it has covered literally dozens of houses. hundreds of people are feared dead under the rubble. there are some ambulances parked here, but it is becoming a recovery
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mission instead of a rescue mission. the victims in sierra leone are among the world's poorest people. survivors risking everything to salvage a few possessions, trying to hang on to whatever they can despite the rising water. back to that story where donald trump has explicitly criticise groups such as the ku klux klan. joining me now is ruth ben—ghiat, professor of history and italian studies at new york university
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and an expert on fascist and authoritarian regimes. donald trump says racism is evil, those who cause violence in its name are criminals and thugs. he seems pretty clear. he says that neo nazis and white supremacists are repugnant but all of this after he was criticised for being too equivocal. that is right. it is better now than never. but it is a bit of a strategic thing in my opinion rather than a pronunciation of these groups. he did not see that he d isavows groups. he did not see that he disavows their support, what he said was that they are repugnant. he knows that if violence continues to go on like we saw last weekend, because the old rite is not going away and it has more rallies planned, that he will be in hot water so it is best to see
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something. what about the sort of people we are talking about, support him specifically? many of them. let's not forget that. he consciously quoted these people as far back as 2015. as soon as he came onto the scene as a political candidate he realised this was a constituency that didn't have any place in the gop or any other party, he began re—tweeting, and these people looked to him as the legitimate. there's this far right movement resurgent in the united states at the moment?” movement resurgent in the united states at the moment? i do. this was the biggest rally in a generation and one of the notable things was that the older skinheads, ku klux
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klan types, were less evidence, and this is parallel with europe where skinheads in germany and other countries are on the decline, and there are well groomed alt right. these people are different in another important to me. they are global lists. they are making difficulties in the cities of america but they are allied with vladimir putin and dc vladimir putin as the saviour of white civilisation, and this was something that was not a factor if generation ago with the ku klux klan. can you break down more specifically who these people are? visit our coalition different groups, kkk, neo—nazis, do they blame them? coalition different groups, kkk, neo-nazis, do they blame them? they do not blend in. they had a
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strategic reuniting for this rally. 0ne strategic reuniting for this rally. one of the things with alt—right as it is the big umbrella, there are people who are in their way to see they are not racists, there are some jewish figures, and they are now separating themselves from the white supremacists, who were the ones that we re supremacists, who were the ones that were loosely allied for the purposes of this rally. even then there is some variety that's the one thing they have in common is that they are defending white identity and they are very worried about demographic shifts in america, that will lead america to be a minority— majority country and if you decades, they are bothered about immigration, they are bothered about immigration, they are bothered about immigration, they are bothered about some of the same things that we see in britain and across the continent. you talk about white supremacy, all of this and a sense going back to the civil war. this rally and charlottesville was
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on the pretext of the removal of a statue of a civil war general. that is right. you had the older ku klux klan, confederacy groups, as crazy as it sounds, they have not accepted that slavery was abolished. some of these groups have this in the platform. 0thers these groups have this in the platform. others use this as a point of departure to have a symbolic rally, to get the causes visible and mainstream, and they have been u nfortu nately mainstream, and they have been unfortunately quite mainstream, and they have been u nfortu nately quite successful mainstream, and they have been unfortunately quite successful in that. interesting. thank you for your analysis. professor of history at new york university. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. a man's appeared before
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magistrates in norwich, charged with murdering a grandfather who was stabbed to death as he walked his dogs. peter wrighton, who was 83, was attacked in woodland near the village of east harling in norfolk earlier this month. alexander palmer, who's 23, was remanded in custody before an appearance at norwich crown court tomorrow. armed officers in the metropolitan police force are to be issued with head—mounted cameras. they will be attached to the caps and protective helmets of members of the metropolitan police's firearms units. cameras in undercover armed operations. and, a £200 million plan to build a bridge covered with trees across the river thames in central london has officially been abandoned. the garden bridge trust said it failed to get support from the london mayor, sadiq khan. more than £37 million has been spent so far on the project. the headlines. president trump has
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spoken out against racist violence two days after a woman was killed during a rally by height supremacists. it follows criticism of president's previous statement blaming violence on many sites. thousands are dead following a mudslide sierra leone. pakistan is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its creation as a sovereign state. the air force put ona sovereign state. the air force put on a display to... here is the sport. police have received complaints about hibernian court neil lennon's conduct during the game against readers at ibrox on saturday, he was criticised by some rangers fans or
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so—called inflammatory actions. it comes as police investigate offensive comments made against neil lennon on social media. the ibrox stage was set for a hotly anticipated fixture. the recent rivalry between rangers and hibernian spiced up even further as the former celtic player and manager neil lennon took his place in the opposition technical area. in a dramatic 90 minutes flash points we re dramatic 90 minutes flash points were not skiers. the biggest headline maker followed this, hibernian‘s first—half equaliser. another episode of neil lennon's mutually antagonistic relationship with the rangers fans. when denies being evocative but pre—match he said he knew what might unfold. being evocative but pre—match he said he knew what might unfoldm is part of the game. you have got to have character and humour in the game. you cannot always be serious. it appears even subsequent to the
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game may have strayed into that territory. police told bbc scotland today they were aware of offensive and threatening comments that have been posted on social media against neil lennon and inquiries are ongoing. they also confirmed they are investigating complaints about neil lennon's on behaviour during the game. a statement from rangers main supporters group said, the debate over the right of the manager or otherwise to respond to abuse from the stance has long been abuse from the stance has long been a tough one to negotiate. there is responsibility within the job as a manager of restraint. the public has to play a part in this as well. if
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they are going to be party at times to be overindulgent and bad language and abuse towards individuals, then they have got to understand sometimes that people are only human. a human, and even to some, a hero to others. diego costa has been told by chelsea he must return to the club but they're are to grant his request for a transfer. the striker who was told by antonio co nte striker who was told by antonio conte that is not part of the plans for this season is currently in brazil. in a recent interview he threatened to sit out the remaining two years of his contract, unpaid if necessary , two years of his contract, unpaid if necessary, if chelsea don't follow him to go. diego costa says he wants to return to atletico madrid. and the's cricketers are preparing to face the west indies later this week. the first match in the test series will be the first.
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that is a new experience for the home side. i don't know what to expect. the australian players say that the twilight period, the ball went soft quite quickly, we are going to have to be adaptable. the exciting thing asa to be adaptable. the exciting thing as a player is that they are going and with a clear mind, learning on thejob almost. and with a clear mind, learning on the job almost. the team that will come out more successful as the team that reacts quicker. in tennis kyle edmonds, british number two, that reacts quicker. in tennis kyle edmonds, british numbertwo, he that reacts quicker. in tennis kyle edmonds, british number two, he is in action, he is playing the world number 5a from portugal, he won the first set, but edmund has taken the
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second set, he is currently 3—0 down in the third set. celebrations have been taking place in pakistan as the country marks 70 years since its creation. at midnight on august 14th 19117 british colonial rule over india came to an end and the country was divided into two independent nations — india and pakistan. what followed was a bout of sectarian violence that split families and communities apart. the partition led to the movement of around 12 million people in one of the largest migrations ever seen. many muslims fled east and west out of hindu dominated india. similarly, millions of hindus and sikhs headed the other way. but today, it's the birth of their nation, that pakistanis are celebrating. reeta chakrabarti has been following events in lahore. pakistanis are celebrating the end
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of british colonial rule and the splitting off from india. there has been a debate going on about what sort of country it should be. i have been looking at the founding father's hopes and how that vision is being interpreted today. in pakistan's former capital, karachi, mohammed jinnah‘s home is preserved with care and reverence. jinnah led the creation of pakistan, but today his legacy is hotly contested. just what sort of nation did he envisage? mohammed ali jinnah, pakistan's first governor general. as the british left colonial india, jinnah was desperate to secure the rights of the muslim population. the answer was a separate
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state, pakistan. 0ur object should be peace within and peace without. but peace seems often to have eluded this nation, both within and without. poverty and security remain major issues, and the debate over the role of islam rages on. a powerful message of inclusion... for this leading politician, jinnah‘s vision was for a secular pakistan, one that hasn't been fulfilled. i thinkjinnah would still be looking at moving us forward if he were here today. he made it very clear, we tolerated all religions, but we haven't seen exactly the epitome of moral inclusion that he sought. that's because others see islam as central to jinnah‘s vision. the constitution, they say, is islamic in nature, and successive governments have failed to implement it. what otherwise was the point, they ask, of creating pakistan?
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translation: jinnah rebelled and struggled against secularism. there was secularism already in india, with the hindu, british, muslim identity was at risk. that is why he made pakistan — an independent islamic state. but others say pakistan's real problem is not religion, but the army. its might is on display every evening at the border with india, with troops strutting and goose—stepping in a full—blooded show of nationalism. over a third of pakistan's 70 years have been under military rule. what would jinnah have made of that? i think he would have been aghast. because the military was supposed be a subordinate organisation to politics. so i think he never, never could have imagined that the military would have played such an important role, and would have dominated politics as it does today. he will be turning in his grave if he came to know of that. the military was in ceremonial
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maudlin and are short. people were out in force in a mass show of celebration. jinnah‘s resting place is this magnificent mausoleum in karachi, a fitting tribute to the first leader. he bequeathed to his people self—government and a democracy, but pakistan still struggles with what its true identity might be. with independence came partition which brought with it shocking violence on both sides. our correspondent has been spoken to those who fought, fled, and those who sheltered potential victims from slaughter. in 19117 as british colonial rule ended, india was divided along religious lines. hindus, sikhs and muslims who had lived in relative peace tore each other apart.
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amongst those involved in the violence was mohammad akram, just a teenager at the time. he helped attack a hindu politician who had been calling for calm after a muslim man was killed. translation: someone struck him on the head with a brick. then a cry went up. whoever doesn't hit him, isn't a real man. me and the rest of the crowd beat him to death. do you ever regret your role in the killing? translation: our people were being murdered. how could we tolerate that? we wanted to kill even more. i am still proud of what i did. up to1 million people were killed in 19117. many of the most brutal attacks were on the trains carrying refugees into and out of pakistan, across the divided province of punjab. naseem is the eldest of five generations of her family living
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together in this city. the train she and her five—day—old baby were travelling on to pakistan was targeted by sikhs. translation: we hid under the luggage. they came on board, slashing everyone, cutting their faces, their legs, gouging their eyes. there were piles and piles of bodies. we were just silently praying. naseem lost nearly all her immediate family in the unrest. the horrors she witnessed continue to haunt her. translation: the fear never leaves you. i still clearly remember how they used to strip people and cut them up. even now, i feel scared, that any time someone might come and kill me. atrocities were committed by both sides across the country. even here in these peaceful valleys north of islamabad,
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hundreds of sikhs were killed. but amidst the horror, there were heroes, too. this man and his father secretly hid their sikh neighbours from a rampaging mob. translation: one night, there was a knock on our door. a sikh girl was outside. she said, for the love of god, save us. let us in or we will be killed. we sheltered them for two days. mehboob is proud of what he and his family did. he remembers fondly the time when sikhs and muslims lived here, side—by—side. in pakistan though, many prefer to look to the future, rather than at the past. but each anniversary of partition, there are fewer left who lived through it. sikander kermani, bbc news, islamabad. there is optimism in present—day
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pakistan particularly amongst the younger generation, but there is no denying the charges, last month the prime minister was forced to resign over corruption charges, and security is a constant issue with two large bomb attacks in the last couple of weeks. tomorrow i will be reporting from india as that country celebrates its 70th birthday. coal and iron imports will be stopped from china. the leader of southj said there must be no more war on the korean
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peninsula. should imports enforce any two drink limit on passengers? that is what ryanair is limit on passengers? that is what rya nair is calling limit on passengers? that is what ryanair is calling for after an investigation found arrests of drunken passengers have risen by 50% in one year. here is the weather. where we see the sunshine it will feel pleasant but where you miss the sunshine it will be cool and breezy. not a bad week over all. rumbles of thunder. there could be thunderstorms in the channel islands and south—east england later in the night. elsewhere, sky is generally clear. early rain and eastern scotland. lingers in shetland. sunshine and showers tomorrow and a
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bit of a breeze. showers more frequent in northern england and scotland, some will avoid showers altogether. further south you will have showers like today. east is best for the sunniest weather. hello, you're watching bbc news. the headlines: donald trump condemns far right activists who rallied in virginia over the weekend, sparking violence that claimed one life. he said the hate groups "were repugnant to everything americans hold dear." racism is evil and those who cause violence in its name are criminals and thugs, including the kkk, neo—nazis, white supremacists... hundred people are known to have died in mudslides and flooding in sierra leone's capital, freetown. the number of casualties is expected to rise, with many bodies thought to be still trapped under the debris. pakistan celebrates its 70th
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anniversary of independence, as many remember the violence and mass migration sparked by the countries partition from india at the end of british colonial rule. a 23—year old man has appeared in court in norfolk, charged with the murder of a grandfather who was attacked as he walked his dogs. his body was found in woodland near the village of east harling earlier this month. around a 140,000 vulnerable children in england have potentially dangerous home lives but are not receiving the help they need because they're not deemed to be at "crisis point". that's the warning from the charity, action for children, which says the youngsters are stuck in what it calls a "revolving door" of children's services. marc ashdown reports. voiceover: debby has been working
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in children's services for 16 years, and helps families with anything from behavioural problems to domestic and substance abuse. but she says it's become harder to provide the support they need. i've got, across the sites i run, i've just under 2,500 under fives, and three members of staff. so, as much as we do, there's a lot that we can't possibly do, ‘cause we can't be everywhere at once. the amount we've already taken, we're aware we're not picking up in the same way, and it will only get worse from that. a freedom of information request to local authorities found that last year 184,500 children's needs assessments were closed because they fell short of the criteria for support. the charity, action for children, says only around one in four families received early help services such as children's centres or domestic violence programmes. we know from too many cases that if we're not able to help children early, that there are strong likelihoods that things will get worse for them. for example, in serious case reviews, 70% of the time, we know that there have been early warning signs of the outcomes.
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but we also know that if we give children and families the tools to help themselves much earlier, then they're much less likely to need help later on in any case. the local government association blames government cuts another issue highlighted is the differing threshold from council to counsel, depending upon the situation, help may be provided in one area but another area may not dean help necessary. —— deem. but the department for education says is taking action to support vulnerable children by reforming social care services and better protecting victims of domestic violence and abuse. it says councils spent almost £8 billion last year on children's social care, but it wants to help them do more. farmyards across the uk are becoming fortresses,
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that's the warning from a rural insurer today. nfu mutual says crimes in the countryside have risen by a fifth in the first half of the year. last year england bore the brunt of rural crime with the cost atjust under £34 million. next was northern ireland, at £2.5 million. and then scotland with £1.6 million and wales, £1.3 million. our midlands correspondent sima kotecha reports. voiceover: forfarmers, it's an added pressure, having to constantly think about their vehicles and animals being stolen by criminals targeting the rural community. so this was the dome that was stolen.
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three of these off each tractor. just weeks ago, will had his gps systems stolen off his tractors, worth more than £30,000. it makes you feel sick that someone has been in your shed. everything was locked up. all the tractors were locked up. but they can just get in and take everything. and it is stolen to order as well, i would say. because you're not going to sell it at your local car boot. today's crime report says theft in rural parts of the country has been worse this year than in the first six months of last year. we're seeing gangs of very well—organised thieves targeting tractors and equipment that's worth hundreds of thousands of pounds. it is easily transportable to europe. they can get there in a matter of hours, and also it is being transported across the globe. as this form of crime increases, there are concerns that thieves are becoming more sophisticated. and that is putting more pressure on farmers to remain one step ahead with their security measures. so now they are installing multiple cctv cameras, electronic gates and, in some cases, they are using dna markers on their sheep to protect them from rustlers. david is a dairy farmer who makes cheese. last year, equipment was stolen from his workshop. do you think farmers are doing enough to keep their farms safe? you shouldn't have to do so much, should you,
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but we are certainly doing more than we were before. i think we just need more police on the ground, really. and i know that is probably a tall order under the current climate. we can only protect ourselves to a certain extent. we have been broken into twice and we have had a horse trailer stolen during sunday lunch. you know, how can you protect yourself against that? ask any farmer and they will tell you life is tough. but the additional threat of theft makes that burden even heavier and more stressful. studio: a 16—year—old boy charged with a string of acid attack in london has been remanded in custody. the teenager, who can't be named because of his age, is accused of targeting six men on mopeds in less than 90 minutes last month. it may be something you've already experienced this summer as you headed off on holiday, drunken air passengers. a bbc panorama investigation has revealed nearly 400 people
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were arrested on suspicion of being drunk at uk airports or on flights in the year to february, that's up from around 250. the home office is "considering" calls for tougher rules on alcohol sales. tina daheley reports. cheering. voiceover: drunken rowdiness at 37,000 feet. violence between seats. mayhem in terminals. it is what some uk passengers are getting up to on outbound flights or at airports. an investigation by bbc panorama has revealed arrests of those suspected of being drunk at uk airports and on certain flights has risen by 50% in the past year. and half of 4,000 cabin crew who responded to a survey for the programme said they had experienced or witnessed verbal, physical or sexual abuse by drunk travellers. theyjust see us as
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barmaids in the sky. they would touch your breasts or they would touch your bum or your legs. ally has recently quit herjob as cabin crew. she's had enough. i guess i never reported it to the police because sadly, and this is completely wrong and only really occurring to me now, you kind ofjust accept it as part of the job. diverting flights because of drunk passengers can cost airlines thousands of pounds. phil ward runs the airlinejet2. he's already banned alcohol sales before 8am and wants airports and retailers to do more. two litre steins of beer in bars, mixers and miniatures in duty free shops, which can only be there for one reason. a voluntary code of conduct was introduced last year, which most big airlines and airports signed up to, including making it clear to passengers there could be fines or charges for disruptive behaviour. coconut rum, it's
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a bit early, but... never too early. the organisation running airports says the code does work but it's people drinking to excess that's the problem. despite this, there are calls for airport licensing to be brought into line with pubs and bars. the government is expected to make a decision on that this autumn. tina daheley, bbc news. studio: the bongs of big ben will fall silent for four years next week so that major conservation work can be carried out on its tower. the chimes will still be used however, for important national events such as new year's eve and remembrance sunday, as our political correspondent leila natthoo reports. big ben chimes the hour. voiceover: these chimes have filled the westminster air for more than a century and a half but soon, a four—year pause as the great bell, big ben, is silenced, so crucial repairs can be carried out. if you can imagine running your car
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for 160 years nonstop, 24 hours a day, it will need looking at, so that is what we are doing. we will be able to at this time, because it is such a long stoppage period, check absolutely everything on the clock. chimes. it is still working, which is good. still ticking, for now, but the clock mechanism needs attention. it is connected to the hammers that strike the bells. piece by piece, it will be dismantled. the parts cleaned and restored. and because the whole tower is being renovated, too, the construction workers cannot be subjected to the regular ringing. loud chimes. it's deafening to be at this close range without these protective earphones on. but from next monday, big ben and all the four smaller quarter bells will get a rest, depriving westminster of its familiar soundtrack. repairs on the tower have already started and soon, the scaffolding will encase it entirely. not quite the same sight to come and see. big ben is big ben and people want to see big ben,
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not half a ben, a full ben. that would definitely be a bummer, for sure, to come all the way here and not to be able to see it. but you have to look at the advantages. if we are going to secure the tower for the future, forfuture generations, that far outweighs the inconvenience of having scaffolding up to two or three years. big ben will still be able to herald special events like the new year and remembrance sunday, but in the long break from its constant ringing, a strange silence will descend here, in the absence of its reassuring sound. leila natthoo, bbc news, westminster. studio: the headlines on bbc news: president trump has spoken out against racist violence, two days after a woman was killed in charlottesville during a rally by white supremacists. it follows criticism of his earlier statement blaming violence on "many sides". hundreds of people are feared dead after a mudslide near sierra leone's capital, freetown.
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a hillside collapsed following heavy rains, engulfing many homes. pakistan is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its creation as a sovereign state. the country's air force put on an aerobatics display to mark partition from india at the end of british colonial rule. an update on the market numbers for you — here's how london's and frankfurt ended the day. and in the the united states this is how the dow and the nasdaq are getting on. as we've been reporting it's a momentous week for india and pakistan, marking 70 years of independence from britain. but as they celebrate, they are remembering the bloodbath of sectarian slaughter in which a million people died, immediately after that handover in 1947, when the muslim—majority state of pakistan was born. two men who were boys at that time
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now lives in sheffield. we can hear their story. voiceover: 1947, millions of muslims flee for their lives on trains from india to pakistan. at the same time, as many hindus and sikhs are coming the other way. today, two children who were on those trains are meeting for the first time in yorkshire. hello. hello, hello. my name is malkit singh. pleased to meet you. my name is asad. malkit and asad are now in their 80s. asad is a muslim, malkit is a sikh. we are taking them both on a different train journey, to the peace museum in bradford. this is a map of india. these scrolls, they were written by people who survived partition. when the new border was drawn, malkit had already made the journey to india with thousands of other
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sikhs. but his father was stuck on the wrong side in pakistan. our homeland, punjab, was split into two... meanwhile, asad and his family were trying to flee in the opposite direction. special trains were the only way out for both, but each family faced a perilous journey. people were running like mad, as if it was doomsday. people had no idea what they were doing. they had children, luggage, they were running towards that special train. the mob of muslims has gathered there, and they try to loot us and murder them, but my father said i had a gun in my hand, you want to loot things in the house guard you can do it, but don't come near me. it was jam—packed, and it was nearly sunset time when we reached the border of india and pakistan. the people who were sitting on the top of the roof of the train, they thought they were in pakistan. they started shouting slogans. pakistan, long live pakistan,
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then the indian army got annoyed and started firing. one of the bullets whizzed behind my ear. it nearly touched my ear, i would have been dead if it had been in my skull, but god saved me. meanwhile malkit‘s father and brother had the luckiest of escapes when the murderous mob prevented them from getting on their train. my father and my brother were intending to catch that train and they missed that train, but that train has all been murdered, nobody escapes from that train. we think thank god, thank god that they weren't on that, but we were very sorry for the people and that were murdered, very about that. the asad on his final destination brought more heartache. —— for asad, his final destination brought more heartache. we got off on that platform and we slept, we were so tired.
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in the morning one of my sisters was found dead. we had nowhere to go, no money, no house, nojob, nothing. seven decades later, both men have had ample time to reflect on whether their sacrifice is well worthwhile. and, like the border itself, partition still divides. i don't think partition was a good thing, because in my village, with muslims and hindus and sikhs, they live together like brothers. we'd visit each other's marriages and we were like blood relations. now i realise when we reached pakistan we had nothing, we had no place to live. they say all these people, either they should go back to india, or they should go in the sea. so this is what we got in return. we sacrificed everything for pakistan. but i am grateful to god there is a place for muslims, where they can live peacefully. nobody will say you go back from this country. at least we have our own country. phil
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we have our own country. studio: i've been speaking with his excellency, syed ibne abbas, the pakistan high commissioner to the uk. i think we are heading in the right direction. i think the things that you see happening in the country are quite encouraging.
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looking back 70 years, we have seen the sectarian slaughter, mass movement of people, terrible human suffering... did it have to be like that, after colonial rule? was that inevitable, that kind of violence, that kind of partition, could it have been different, if the british at handle things differently?” think it was very fortunate. violence from both sides very u nfortu nate. violence from both sides very unfortunate. could have been much better. it was the largest mass migration everfull of better. it was the largest mass migration ever full of these things we re migration ever full of these things were bound to happen. in hindsight, if you say, it could have been better, had it been planned in a better, had it been planned in a better way, and the transition could have been much better, at that not been the case now, it is history. there are those that say that
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partition is a wind that won't heal between pakistan and india, you fought wars, three wars since 1947, relations between pakistan, new country, and india still very tense. i would say, there are things that appear to be difficult, but not impossible. in terms of relations with our neighbours, we are determined to have good relations with all neighbours, including india, if we talk to each other, rather than talking at each other, which is what has been going on, then there is a solution, sitting across the table. and we can solve these problems that have been holding our two countries since inception. travel between the two countries, if people visited the other countries more often, it has been said that would be helpful. on
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our side, we have never looked at that as a challenge, if somebody wa nts to that as a challenge, if somebody wants to visit, we would encourage that, there are some most sacred places for hindus and sikhs in pakistan today. we would very much in courage and welcome sikhs and hindus coming for pilgrimage, but i cannot speak for the other side. but there are some difficulties at the moment. and i am hopeful we will be able to work through them. talk about pakistan being a strong country, observers from the outside might say it is quite fragile, still, as a democracy, we see the prime minister, forced out because of allegations of corruption. there has been instability, a lot of political instability. it was a challenge, you must have observed
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that, the peaceful democratic position is taking place full is up i think we are very upbeat about it. maybe a few years in the past, this might not have been the case, but this time around, we have been able to ove rco m e this time around, we have been able to overcome that, and we have moved on, now there is a prime minister in place, and things are back to normal, there is a cabinet in place what do you foresee for the next 70 for pakistan? we are hopeful of things taking place in a positive direction, if i show you projections of pakistan, we will be one of the top 20 economies of the world, if that is happening, i think we are in the right direction. we will be a hub
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connecting china to the rest of the world. that was his excellency, syed ibne abbas, the pakistan high commissioner to the uk. australia's deputy prime minister has revealed he may be a citizen of new zealand. barnabyjoyce has told the country's parliament he was "shocked" when the new zealand high commission contacted him to say he could be a citizen by descent, because the politician's father was born there. he has referred himself to the high court because holding public office as a dual citizen is not allowed in australia. now, we've seen some unusual fitness crazes over the years, but the latest import to the uk is very different to anything that's gone before. originally from america, goat yoga or "goga", as it's known, sees people work—out while pet goats roam around their exercise mats, sometimes even taking part themselves. think we're kidding? no... and to prove it, we sent a bbc film unit to witness one of these
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new classes at fareham in hampshire to see how the two things would mix. it is not too serious, we come in, and people can do what they want to do with it, they can get involved, do with it, they can get involved, doa do with it, they can get involved, do a bit of stretching exercises, if they want to just sit on the mat and when the goat comes over, give it a cuddle, that is fine, it is up to them what they want to do. quite often the atmosphere is lots of giggling people. and then i try to keep teaching a bit. it is relaxed.
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the whole idea is to calm everyone. for everyone to be comfortable, the goats to be comfortable, and eve ryo ne goats to be comfortable, and everyone to have fun, it is a fun new experience. it is hilarious. i don't think we did a huge amount of yoga, last time full of great chill time. really good time, really good. you will have a goat at your feet suddenly, really fun. feels like an april. joke but i
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think it is true, a new craze... —— feels like an april fools joke. i cannot believe that was actually true, but anyway... warmest day of the month so far, 25 degrees, testa m e nt to the month so far, 25 degrees, testament to the rubbish weather we have had, not looking great but not too bad, be careful, it is going to be cool, especially when showers go through, and strengthening breeze towards the end of the week. for some it has been a thoroughly wet day across the west, latest radar, the rays that last cleared cornwall, still rain across devon, cornwall, south—west scotland, north—west england, the rain will move north and east through the night, also
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some heavy thundery showers, affecting the channel islands and into the south—east, by the end of the night, the rain, persistent, confined to eastern scotland, parts of east anglia, and the south—east corner of england. partly clear skies, one or two shower was, chilly sta rts skies, one or two shower was, chilly starts to tuesday morning, better start, better day in prospect for wales and the south—west. one or two showers, overnight rain should clear away. —— one or two showers. odd shower in northern england, much of england and wales will start dry, few showers here and there, northern ireland, western scotland, persistent rain lingering a bit longer in shetland, two about lunchtime before we clear that. overall, tuesday will be sunshine and showers, most lightly to see showers if you are in northern england, scotland northern ireland, when showers come through, heavy and thundery, much of wales, east anglia, southeast, some share was kicking around. most of you will be
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able to avoid them. pleasant enough in the sunshine as well. temperatures on par with today. wednesday, temperatures into the west, regional high—pressure, if you are in western areas, make the most of the weather we have, northern ireland, raining on and off for most of the day, spreading into western wales and a few in western england. much of wales, england, staying dry, hazy sunshine. temperatures could get between 20 and 24 degrees. wet speu get between 20 and 24 degrees. wet spell through wednesday night into thursday but quickly clears, puts us back to sunshine and showers, the odd heavy and thundery one, nice enoughin odd heavy and thundery one, nice enough in the sunshine, will feel cooler by the time we get to friday. and we are still talking sunshine and showers. this is outside source. hundreds of people are feared dead after a mudslide near the capital of sierra leone, freetown. an entire hill side collapsed after heavy rains.
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residents have been trying to pull bodies from the rubble with their bare hands. the president has explicitly condemned racism and racist violence, he was speaking two days after violence in cha rlottesville that kills one person and injured 19 others. racism is evil and those who cause violence are criminals and thugs including the kkk, neo—nazis, white supremacists, and other heat groups that are repugnant to
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