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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 15, 2017 5:00am-5:31am BST

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this is bbc news. i'm james menendez. our top stories: north korea's furthest missile test yet, flying overjapan and travelling nearly ii,000km. a new flashpoint in europe's migration struggles — this time, it's the spanish port of bilbao. and the end of a 20—yearjourney. the cassini space probe will send back its last pictures of saturn — before burning up in the planet's atmosphere. taxing the tech giants. the eu plans a shake—up of the system to make the likes of google and apple pay theirfair share. but will ireland play ball? plus — hacked off. russian cyber—security billionaire eugene kaspersky hits back after the us government bans his products as a threat to national security. we have an exclusive interview. north korea has again defied international opinion,
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by firing a ballistic missile over northern japan. the japanese government said the missile was fired without advance notice, and was a "provocative action" that raised regional tensions. south korea's military said the missile was launched towards the east, from sunan near the north korean capital pyongyang. it flew 3,700 kilometres over the island of hokkaido and crashed into the pacific ocean about 2,000 kilometres east of cape erimo. the un security council is to meet in emergency session later on friday to discuss the crisis. stephen mcdonell reports from the south korean capital seoul. the south korean response was swift.
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it launched its own missiles into the sea following north korea's ballistic missile test. this region is again on high alert. in seoul, the president called an emergency meeting of the national security council. he said, in this climate, dialogue is impossible, adding that his country must prepare for potential attacks from the north, including biological and chemical weapons. earlier, north korea testify —— test fired a ballistic missile, the first such launched since the rate —— latest round of sanctions against the isolated regime. it blew 3700 kilometres, landing in the pacific ocean according to south korea'sjoint chiefs of staff. the missile passed over the northern japanese island of hokkaido, setting off alarms there are. warnings went out in the media
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and directly to telephone is urging people to seek emergency shelter. translation: we absolutely cannot accept these provocations. i call foran accept these provocations. i call for an emergency united nations security council meeting. the international community needs to come together and send a clear message to north korea that it is threatening world peace with its actions. meanwhile, north korea is showing no signs of slowing down the speed of its nuclear weapons development. recent celebrations marking its sixth and largest nuclear test were televised. and stephenjoins us now from seoul. afamiliar a familiar pattern of provocation and then condemnation but little changes, the tests go on? that's right. we've just done some calculations regarding those south korean missile tests in response to
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the north korean missile tests. seems those south korean missiles we re seems those south korean missiles were fired off, wait for it, six minutes after the north korean test in the distance they were fired into the sea off south korea, 250 kilometres. well, guess what, that is the exact distance as if those missiles were fired at the north korean capital so this is the way of saying to the north, we can strike you as well and this is why people are worried about a sort of regional arms race here and ever—increasing tensions. interest in the president said dialogue is impossible at the moment and yet that seems to be the only possible full resolution to the crisis. people will remember, he was elected on a platform of having dialogue with the north. he said, i will be tough on number one open up some sort of communications link with pyongyang. since he came to
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power, the government of moonjae—in has had to face down ten missile tests a nd has had to face down ten missile tests and one underground nuclear tests and one underground nuclear test and as he said, under those circumstances, how can we open up a dialogue? and yet, what is the possible way forward other than dialogue? north korea has totally nailed its colours to the mast with this nuclear weapons capability. it is its way of saying to the us, you cannot topple this regime. it is ha rd to cannot topple this regime. it is hard to imagine what possible carrot, what possible stick that other countries could offer north korea to get them to give up nuclear weapons. stephen, thank you very much. from south korea, lettuce had to our north america correspondence. peter, a continuing headache for the us. any reaction from the trump administration? the white house has said president trump has been kept in touch with what is happening but
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no further reaction from the president himself. the secretary of state has released a statement, saying that he believes it's now up to all nations to increase measures to all nations to increase measures to go further, presumably thinking as the security council did earlier in terms of sanctions on north korea. it puts the burden on russia and china. that's not a surprise. the security council resolution was really a watered—down version to appease those two nations to get an unanimous decision but he says it's now up to russia or for china to ta ke now up to russia or for china to take direct action of their own too, as he puts it, indicate their intolerance for these reckless missile launchers. —— missile. intolerance for these reckless missile launchers. -- missile. an emergency session of the un security council on friday, they've tried to introduce tough sanctions. there are sanctions in place but those were watered down. where does it go from here? it is tough to see. they've
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made no effect so far. the increasing level of sanctions. sanctions could go further. there could be a total oil embargo which bell short of being introduced this week, capping oil imports at the current levels and that could go further. —— fell short. current levels and that could go further. —— fellshort. but current levels and that could go further. —— fell short. but the corporation of china is needed, which is where most of the north korean oil comes from. that could affect china significantly. this is affect china significantly. this is a very delicate and difficult diplomatic situation, it's difficult to see china and russia going it on their own. whether they assess the latest range of these missile launches to be a great ignite —— great enough significance to do something unilaterally is up for debate. peter, thank you very much. spanish police say they're detaining dozens of migrants every day in the port of bilbao, and are working through the night to stop large groups of migrants attempting to stowaway on ferries
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bound for the uk. the authorities say numbers are increasing as the bilbao route becomes more popular. the camps started to appear in recent weeks and there are fears of a repetition of what happened in calais in france. gavin lee reports: caught in bilbao. this is now the daily reality the spanish police, finding migrants kindest way on ferry bound lorries to the uk. for migrants trying to find the backdoor to britain, the bilbao to portsmouth ferries have become the targets. amongst those detained is tabim, at 15—year—old afghan who says he has given up on calais and is heading to bilbao. one year in calais but now i am trying in spain. did somebody say to you, come to bilbao, it is easier was to mark yes, and i come to
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bilbao. as lorry drivers are waiting to be checked, they have been warned that they are being monitored by police and migrants are trying to get inside. is this the new calais, bilbao? that is just more than anything, just doublechecking, making sure nothing is in your trailer. the ports across northern france have seen a drop in the number of migrant attempts to stow away but police here say to bilbao has seen a tenfold increase in last year with more than 1000 attempts since summer. this could be the start of europe's newest migrant camp. we are 300m from the port of bilbao and these tents, they emerged a few years ago. now police say they are 70 people here, mostly from albania. but there are many more dotted around the countryside overlooking the port. this man has been hiding in the hills for weeks. he says other albanians are heading here, hoping to earn money working in the black market in the uk and
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it's become common knowledge that bilbao is difficult but possible. do you know of anybody who's managed to get to the uk undetected?‘ you know of anybody who's managed to get to the uk undetected? a few got through. a few got through? yeah, a few got through, even a week ago. for now, the locals continue to enjoy the september sun, opposite the small camps that are growing by the small camps that are growing by the day. brittany ferries say 61 in legal migrants have been detained after making it to the uk from here. officials on both sides of the water are aware they had to act quickly to stop the sport becoming an established route and a bigger problem. gavin lee, bbc news, bilbao. rachel is here with all the business news. we are talking about tech tax. we start in the estonian capital tallinn where european union finance ministers are gathering for a meeting this weekend. top of the agenda — plans for a shake—up of the way huge tech firms — the likes of google, facebook, apple and amazon — pay taxes.
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the giants of the so—called digital economy have faced huge criticism in europe forfailing to pay what some see as their fair share of tax. so what's being proposed? well — the plan is to make the companies pay tax wherever in the eu they make money — notjust where their headquarters is, or where they are based for tax purposes. at the moment — many have their european headquarters in low—tax countries like ireland and luxembourg — earnings from across the region are channelled there to minimize tax. a report by eu lawmakers claims that between 2013 and 2015, european union states lost 5.4 billion euros, that's $6.4 billion — in tax revenues from google and facebook alone. the european commission is threatening to take ireland to court for failing to collect 13 billion euros in back taxes from apple. ireland claims it hasn't broken any european or irish law. meanwhile amazon — which has its eu tax residence
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in luxembourg — paid almost no tax between 2013—2015 because its subsidiary there made no profit. amazon says it pays all taxes it's required to pay. we'll be speaking to a top tax lawyer in 20 minutes time. we are also looking at the ongoing row over russian hacking in the us. late on thursday the trump administration ordered all government agencies to remove software by the russian firm kaspersky lab — one of the world's top cyber security companies — claiming it's a threat to national security. the billionaire co—founder eugene kaspersky has hit back in an exclusive interview with the bbc. he told our tech correspondent rory cellan jones that customers have nothing to fear from his products. don't forget you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter — i'm @bbcrachelhorne. russian submarines have fired a number of cruise missiles at so—called islamic state targets in syria, where the war has now been raging for six years.
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two years ago, russia entered the conflict on the side of president assad. since then, his government forces have been steadily regaining ground. meanwhile, kurdish forces backed by american air power, have been making gains against is in the north. our correspondent steve rosenberg reports from on board a russian vessel off the cost of the syrian city of latakia. we're off the coast of syria with the russian navy. this is the admiral essen. the russians will show us something they've never let foreign journalists film before. combat alert. then, emerging from the sea, cruise missiles from a russian submarine. their target is hundreds of miles away. the so—called islamic state. there's a second submarine and another launch.
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it's two years since russia launched its military campaign in syria and the fact that the russians invited foreign journalists here today, shows just how confident they are that the war in syria is going their way. the submarines surface. we're told — mission accomplished. translation: the missile strike destroyed command and communication posts, ammunition depots and groups of militants south—east of the syrian town of deir el—zour. this week the russian army took us on a guided tour of syria, presenting its view of what's happening here. it's russian firepower which has kept president assad in power and that's caused criticism in the west but today moscow wants the world to see it as a peace maker in syria, not a problem. near the city of homs we were shown russian soldiers handing out humanitarian aid.
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there was a crush and chaos. many of these people had made their way here from an area controlled by the syrian opposition. nearby, russian sappers were training syrians to remove mines, preparations for making post—war syria safe. the russians believe it could take up to ten years to rid this country of all the explosives that were planted here. for now, russia's military operation continues, in the air and at sea. with is under growing pressure, moscow believes the conflict here could soon end. but don't expect the russians to step away. in this war of many global players, russia is key to deciding syria's future. stay with us on bbc news — still to come. democrats thought they had a deal with president trump on the fate of dreamers — children brought
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illegally into the united states but then he took to twitter. freedom itself was attacked this morning, and freedom will be defended. the united states will hunt down and punish those responsible. bishop tutu now becomes spiritual leader of 100,000 anglicans here — of the blacks in soweto township, as well as the whites, in their rich suburbs. we say to you today, in a loud and a clear voice, enough of blood and tears — enough! translation: the difficult decision we reached together was one that required great and exceptional courage. it's an exodus of up to 60,000 people, caused by the uneven pace
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of political change in eastern europe. iam free! this is bbc news. the latest headlines: north korea has fired a second ballistic missile over northern japan. south korean officials say it flew 3,700 kilometres — much further than previous launches. president trump says no deal has been reached on protecting the rights of young migrants in the united states. senior democrats announced they'd reached a deal with mr trump on the co—called ‘dreamers' — children brought illegally into the us by their parents. but mr trump took to twitter to dismiss the claim. andrew plant has more. lending in florida, donald trump and the first lady here to hand out food in the state ravaged by hurricane
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omar. but to make america great ain! omar. but to make america great again! but other problems followed him, the issue of young migrants in america still unresolved. but other problems followed him here too. the issue of young migrants in america still unresolved. given rights in an obama—era policy known as daca, deferred action for childhood arrivals, which president trump has moved to dismantle. statements from senior democrats suggested a deal had been reached, though, at a white house dinner last night. we have reached an understanding on this issue. we have to work out details. and we can work together on a security package with the white house and get daca on the floor quickly. but mr trump used his twitter account to contradict that statement, saying no deal was reached, and that support for the building of a border war with mexico would have to form part of any agreement. we are talking about taking care of people, people that were brought here, people that have done a good job and were not brought here of their own volition, but very importantly what we want, we have to have a wall. if the wall is going to be obstructed, when we need the funds
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at a little bit later date, we will determine how much we need, then we're not doing it. the daca policy allowed almost 800,000 young migrants already living in the usa to go to work and school, protected from deportation. mr trump's opponents want those rights guaranteed in law but say they will continue to oppose the border wall which donald trump says must be part of the deal. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. a second set of criminal charges has been filed against brazil's president, michel temer. the country's top anti—corruption prosecutor has charged him with obstruction ofjustice and racketeering at the supreme court. mr temer has repeatedly denied any wrongdoing and earlier this week angrily criticised the move to charge him. suicide bombers and gunmen have carried out attacks on a highway near the southern iraqi city of nasiriyah, killing at least 60 people and wounding dozens more.
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one attacker detonated an explosive vest in a restaurant as his accomplices opened fire at people inside. a nearby police checkpoint was targeted with a car bomb. there have been disturbances at arsenal's emirates stadium in north london after thousands of cologne fans turned up for a match without tickets. the europa league game was delayed by an hour when scuffles broke out between supporters and stewards. five people were arrested. arsenal eventually won the match 3—1. one of nato's most senior military commanders says he believes a russian military exercise taking place this week involves as many as 100,000 troops. russia says fewer than 13,000 military personnel are taking part. lieutenant general sirjames everard told our defence correspondent jonathan beale that nato was right to be worried, despite russian claims that the west is whipping up tensions. we've been invited on a nato surveillance flight travelling with a top nato commander. on the very day that russia begins its zapad military exercises, just across the border. checking hydraulic systems.
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roger. we take from latvia, one of russia's baltic neighbours who have or be asked for and received nato support to boost its defences. this flight support to boost its defences. this flight is more assurance. 02115338. once the aircraft's centres are switched on, the crew can peer into the air space with the exercise is taking place. across all areas and western russia. a child is also referred nato's deputy supreme commander to see what russia is really a two. this gives me the heading. i worry about the lack of trust in any way that will be fixed, i think, through transparency. and there is no sign of that from the russians? not at the moment, no. and thatis russians? not at the moment, no. and that is worrying? yes, it worries me, because it is such an easy step to take if you don't want to get the message, this issue is about
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asserting your strengths. and this is what worries him— large—scale military manoeuvre is taking place every four years. in the past they have been used as cover for offensive operations. it is what happened in ukraine in 2014. moscow says the west is scared hungry, —— scaremongering. it claims 13,000 people are taking part in this you's zapad but people are taking part in this you's za pad but nato people are taking part in this you's zapad but nato think the figure is a work of fiction. i think we would be surprised if the numbers are as high as 60— surprised if the numbers are as high as 60-100,000 in surprised if the numbers are as high as 60— 100,000 in total. what is worrying me is the scale of it. across the breadth of the country. this nato surveillance aircraft is keeping its eyes on russian military activity at russia it is keeping its eyes on nato, including on this aircraft which they know here is being tracked or lit up a russian radar. and that sums up the problem— has been a breakdown in trust with both sides wary of each other. let
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02 has recently stepped up its own military exercises but the alliance says the river key difference, is that all their actions are transparent and open. download complete. on this flight they spot a russian spy plane very much the as them. even a concern nato thinks this time the russians are only flexing their muscle but both sides are keeping a watchful eye on each other. the cassini spacecraft is about to complete the spectacular finale to its 20—year—long mission to saturn. the probe is currently heading into the planet's thick atmosphere where it will soon be destroyed. our science correspondent rebecca morelle has been to nasa's mission control in pasadena in california. closing in on oblivion. after 20 years of exploration, the cassini spacecraft is running out of fuel, and has been set on a death dive into saturn's thick atmosphere. it is a mission that has transformed our view of the giant
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planet and its rings, bringing us countless stunning images. but, for the scientists involved, saying goodbye will be tough. well, i've worked a cassini for 30 years, and that's a big chunk of my career. so, as it's ending, i'm feeling a tremendous sense of sadness. sadness at the end of the mission, the breakup of the cassini family, and at the same time, a tremendous source of pride. the spacecraft leaves a remarkable legacy. from spotting saturn's colossal storms, and finding structures as high as mountains hidden within its rings, to revealing the planet's many moons, from titan, with its methane ice and seas, to enceladus, with an ocean hidden beneath its icy crust, sending plumes into space. but the discoveries will keep coming. this is the control room, where the very final moments of cassini will be tracked, and every last drop of science is being squeezed out of this mission. as the spacecraft enters saturn's atmosphere, the data will be streamed back here, right up until the very instant it is destroyed.
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as cassini hurtles towards saturn, it will heat up and then vaporise, to become part of the planet it has studied for so long. but, for scientists, the work won't be over. so much data has been collected, saturn could keep surprising for decades to come. cassini's death plunge is scheduled to take place shortly after the spacecraft‘s final contact with earth at around 1155 gmt. we'll have coverage right here on the bbc. don't forget you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter — i'm @jamesmenendez. do stay with us here on bbc news. more headlines coming up in a moment and then its world business report. —— it's. hello there.
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our weather has taken on a decidedly cool and, dare i say it, quite autumnal feel. as we head on through friday, it will remain cool, after quite a chilly start, and we will see a mixture of sunshine and showers. showers from the word go across northern england, into wales and the south—west. they are likely to turn very heavy with some pale and some thunder. at 4pm it's a mixture of sunshine and showers across wales, south—west england and into the channel islands and the showers across the east midlands, east anglia and the south—east will be heavy and frequent but some pale and thunder thrown in. temperatures 12, 13, 14. a strong breeze across as the north wales, north—west england, a mixture of sun and showers across northern england, northern scotland but most
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of the show are likely to be found in north—eastern areas actually south—west scotland is likely to be favoured for more in the way of dry weather and some styles of sunshine. many of the showers will fade through friday night and were likely to see some continuing from north—east england into the midlands, wales and the south—west and temperatures will go away. eight, nine, ten in the countryside, cold enough for a touch of grass frost. saturday, we are stranded between low pressure off to the east, high pressure trying to build in from the west which gives us a northerly wind, never a warm wind direction, and again in the day of sunshine and showers and some of them will be heavy but equally there will be places that will avoid the showers completely said right all along. those temperatures are still no great shakes. as we go on through saturday night, with lighter wind and more in the way of clear spells, temperatures really are going to away. even the big urban centres.
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but in the countryside many western areas could get close to freezing! starting sunday with a touch of ground frost in places but sunday should bring you are showers, more in the way of dry weather, particularly in the west. those temperatures eventually heading to 15- temperatures eventually heading to 15 - 18. temperatures eventually heading to 15 -18. the temperatures eventually heading to 15 — 18. the showers will slowly, slowly ease, there will be some sunny spells and at night, it will feel decidedly chilly. this is bbc world news. the headlines: north korea has fired a ballistic missile over northern japan travelling nearly 4,000km before landing in the sea. it comes just three days after the un security council adopted further sanctions against the north. spanish police say they've detained dozens of migrants who are camping near the port of bilbao and attempting to stowaway on ferries bound for the uk. the camps only appeared in recent weeks and most inhabitants come from albania. one of nato's most senior military commanders says he believes a russian military exercise taking place this week involves as many as 100 thousand troops.
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"100,000. russia says fewer than 13,000 military personnel are taking part. and a joint nasa
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