the headlines from singapore. beijing gets tough on north korea. as businesses will be kicked out of china by january. and as businesses will be kicked out of china byjanuary. and could a dna breakthrough by chinese researchers pave the way to preventing genetic disease? and from london, also when the programme, calls grow for action to help the rohingya in myanmar, we reveal the un failures over the conflict. and waiting and watching. over 100,000 people are now 0ver100,000 people are now displaced as bali's volcano threatens to erupt. it is seven a.m. here in singapore, midnight in london and this is newsday. we begin with china and
north korea. long—time allies who have hit a rough patch in their relationship as beijing gets tough on its regional partner. china has announced new measures to greatly increase the pressure on the regime in pyongyang. north korean companies operating in china will have to close down by the end of the year. the moves have been welcomed by the us government which believes chinese policy is now shifting. this is the scion north korean friendship bridge. in return, the north relies on china for over 90% of its international trade. of the locals along the border, jobs and prosperity are heavily dependent on this relationship continuing. but pyongyang's missile tests have prompted beijing to promise to act on un sanctions after america
accused it of not doing enough to rein in its neighbour. transocean makes security council resolutions gave a buffer period for implementation of the banned. china's practice is in accordance with the resolutions and the laws and regulations of chinese china in rick foreign trade. comedies must close down within 120 rick foreign trade. comedies must close down within120 days of the due european security council sanctions. joint ventures will also close. this follows or earlier sanctions which limits exports of petroleum products and textiles to north korea. hall, iron and seafood we re north korea. hall, iron and seafood were already banned. what the sanctions will not stop is the presence of chinese business inside north korea. at this trade fair in pyongyang, one third of the stalls we re pyongyang, one third of the stalls were hosted by chinese companies. they will be free to trade, even if the north korean businesses can no longer do so inside china. and
pyongyang still maintains a vast financial network around the world that helps it of aid sanctions and gain hard currency. as warlike threats and insults continue between president trump and king john 0ng, china has shown it is prepared to act, even though the real cost to itself. —— kim jong—un. first of all, let's have a look at some of the day's of the news. the chinese research team says that it has performed the size of chemical surgery on human has performed the size of chemical surgery on human embryos for the very first time. using a technique which is called acer editing, the tea m which is called acer editing, the team were able to remove a mutation of the dna code. they say that base editing opens up a new avenue for treating or preventing inherited diseases. this is basically surgery but on a
microscopic level, altering dna itself. so if you can understand what dna is built, it is called a base. there are 3 billion of them. an error in a single one can cause disease. so what this team in china has done if they have scanned genetic code to find one error, something that causes the blood disorder, and change it so that it no longer causes the disease. there are thousands of genetic diseases, once passed down through families. most of them are caused byjust one error in that 3 billion. so, yes, this technology in theory could be applied to a whole range of different diseases such as cystic fibrosis and sickle—cell anime which are caused by one error. —— anaemia. so—called islamic state has released an audio recording of what it says
is its leader. this refutes claims that the leader may have been killed. conservationists have warned that liles is the fastest—growing ivory market in the world, undermining international efforts to stop the illegal trade. save the elephants says that lax enforcement is on the —— the sale of illegal products is the problem. pyongyang again denied that the american student who died shortly after returning from north korea had been mistreated during his detention. family asserts that he had been tortured but the coroner said there was no evidence of that. this ryanair was no evidence of that. this rya nair plane has was no evidence of that. this ryanair plane has made a journey but the company has been told to correct
its compensation policy for hundreds of thousands of passengers whose flights have been cancelled. the uk's aviation authority says the airline must stop misleading passengers about their legal right to be rerouted with another airline. ryanair to be rerouted with another airline. rya nair recently to be rerouted with another airline. rya na ir recently ca ncelled to be rerouted with another airline. ryanair recently cancelled flights affecting over 700,000 passengers because of this shortage of pilots. finally, this three—year—old girl has been anointed as the living goddess of kathmandu. this is an ancient hindu tradition and it will see her living in a powerless until she reaches puberty. she will be separated from her family and she will only be allowed to leave the temple on very special occasions. let's return to our main story, the chinese sanctions on north korea. i spoke earlier to the north korean commentator, cordon chang, and asked him how effective the new sanctions
announced by china would be. well, these rules, in conjunction with other sanctions, in conjunction with other sanctions, in conjunction with the trump administration's executive order last thursday will deprive north korea of almost all of its revenue if they aren't forced. the question is going to be whether these rules in fact will be implemented. why do you question that? presumably the sanctions will indeed be implemented. has there been an incident in the past where this has not been the case? will come as. china is quite good at announcing compliance was sanctions when they are put in place. they work with so several months and then when the international community looks away, beijing returns to its old way of doing things, which is supporting north korea. this is not really a china issue any longer, this is an issue of the trump administration's attitudes. donald trump would a lot of pressure on the
chinese president and that is why we have these chinese announcements and other ones over the last week or so. if donald trump keeps the pressure up if donald trump keeps the pressure up then, yes. i think we will go a long way towards disarming north korea. if donald trump doesn't, and thatis korea. if donald trump doesn't, and that is a big issue, north korea will return to getting a lot of revenue. i do not think that north korea is very isolated. it does business through china because china is connected to the world therefore north korea is connected. this will be an issue of how much pressure the white house puts on the chinese president. ultimately, has the pressure worked? we know that previous sanctions have had look will affect. kim jong—un continues to defy the international community. the chinese and russians say they wa nt the chinese and russians say they want talks. could that be an the cards if this round does not work? well... talks will eventually occur but they are premature now because
the north korean ‘s do not think they need to make concessions. we can gather that from their behaviour and what they have been saying. at some point, if the trump administration is rigourous in implementation of all of these sanctions on north korea will have no choice but to to disarm and that is the perfect time to talk to pyongyang. before then, all would we might we would be doing is giving the north korean small—time to perfect their arsenal which has been the history of these talks during the history of these talks during the first decade of this century. we have seen this before and i think, essentially, let's talk to the north korean ‘s, but only when they realise they will need to surrender. the burmese government has invited the un secretary general to visit myanmar. this comes after mr the terrace told the un security council that violence against retention will slums has spiralled into the world's fastest—growing refugee emergency.
the united nations itself has been accused of a series of failures. 0ur correspondent has seen internal un documents outlining concerns about the handling of the wreckage of conflict. in the months since retention will slums first began fleeing into bangladesh, the united nations has been at the forefront of the response. delivering aid and making robust statements, condemning burmese authorities. the situation remains, or seems, a textbook example of ethnic cleansing. but could, and should, the un have done more before the killing and burning started ? more before the killing and burning started? quite disturbing to think that this could have been prevented. this woman is a lawyer and aid worker. twin 2013 and 2015 she ran the office of the top united nations
official in myanmar. it was a stressful time. she says her boss was so stressful time. she says her boss was so afraid of upsetting the burmese government that any suggestion that they stand up for the rohingya's human rights was off—limits. even in internal meetings. we could do it but it would have kong sequences. negative consequences. consequences that maybe you are no longer invited to meetings or consequences are travel authorisations were not clear. and atmosphere was created in which talking about these issues will simply not wrong. the un is where it does have a problem. this report commissioned by the un in nine years ago and led to the bbc said the un focused too heavily on the oversimplified hope that the element investment itself will reduce tensions. a memo prepared earlier this yearfor tensions. a memo prepared earlier this year for the new secretary general, called the un in myanmar, glaringly dysfunctional. could
united nations have stopped this burmese army offensive? the answer is almost certainly no. but things may have been different if there had been a coherent strategy over the last few years, demanding that the rohingyas basic rights be respected and making aid to other communities conditional on the revengers being treated better. mr sally and declined to be interviewed. in a statement her office said that they strongly disagree with the accusations that the resident co—ordinator prevented internal discussion finesse and stressed that she had the backing of the un secretary general. in the last month, half a million rohingya have fled myanmar into bangladesh. their tales of atrocities and abuse are a reminder of the warnings that went unheard. hard to say which action would have been able to prevent this. what i know for sure is that
whatever was done was never going to prevent it. why not? myanmar was ignoring the issue. strong criticism of the united nations there. our correspondent was following the earlier briefing at the un security council. the secretary general told the security council how whole villages in the northern reclines state had been torched to the ground and a campaign to drive the rohingya out. he said those who fled to bangladesh we re he said those who fled to bangladesh were exposed to excessive violence and human rights violations, civilians were targeted by indiscriminate fire from weapons, landmines, women were subjected to sexual violence. and, of course, for those who did not flee in the thousands still there, they are not getting access to desperately needed
aid. so that is what we heard the secretary general honing in on when he told the security council that they needed to act and do more. what proposals are we hearing? there is a plea for arms embargoes and sanctions but how let's face it, china has the power of veto. is there any likelihood of these sanctions going through? we heard from almost 98 agencies writing a letter to the security council, urging them to impose an arms embargoes and targeted sanctions on those in the military that they note who have committed abuses. as you say, china has veto power. they are a diplomatic and economic ally of myanmar and we had the chinese ambassador say that dialogue was the only way to solve this, that there was no quick fix. the american ambassador suggested the country should wolves hold arms until more assurances given by the military. you are watching
you stay on the bbc. still to come on the programme, the sport of polo originated in central asia but it is now seen as a originated in central asia but it is now seen as a sport originated in central asia but it is now seen as a sport for the elite. we will hear from the world's top—ranked female player. also coming up on the programme, it has lain dormant for 50 years but now this volcano in bali is getting ready to blow and the residents are getting ready to leave. ben johnson, the fastest man on earth, is flying home to canada in disgrace. all the athletes should be clean going into the games. i'm just happy that justice is served. it is a simple fact that this morning, these people were in their homes. tonight, those homes have been burnt down by serbian soldiers and police. all the taliban positions along here have been strengthened, presumably in case the americans invade. it's no use having a secret service
which cannot preserve its own secrets against the world. and so the british government has no option but to continue this action, and even after any adverse judgement in australia. concorde had crossed the atlantic faster than any plane ever before, breaking the record by six minutes. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm sharanjit leijl in singapore. i'm kasia madeira in london. our top stories. china imposes sanctions on north korean firms operating within its territories, ordering them to shut down by january. the united nations has been accused of a series of failures in the lead—up to the crisis in myanmar. half a million rohingya muslims have left the country in the past month.
let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. china daily looks at the preparations in beijing ahead of donald trump's visit to china in november. the paper has this picture of ivanka trump and her husband jared kushner — both advisors to the president — attending a reception at the chinese embassy in washington. the japan times leads, unsurprisingly, on the snap election and the dissolution of parliament. it devotes most of its front page to the political situation and writes that the election looks likely to become a two horse race between shinzo abe and tokyo's first female governor. and the new york times looks ahead to this sunday's referendum on independence in the spanish region of catalonia. the paper has a photo of a tourist draped in a catalan separatist flag, and reports that the government
in madrid has been trying to block the referendum which it sees as illegal. now, what stories are sparking discussions online? unsurprisingly, sharanjit, the death of the playboy founder hugh hefner has been dominating online conversations. and there's a heated debate about what hugh hefner's legacy and that of the adult magazine actually is. we have an article on the bbc news website which poses the question, was the playboy revolution good for women? you can also see a video of lesser known facts about the man in the silk robe. did you know that playboy was the first adult magazine to be published in braille? that and many other facts and of course debates on bbc.com/news. polo has long been perceived as a sport for the higher reaches of society. it hasn't been part of the olympics
since the 19305, and in the popular imagination one might think champagne instead of energy drinks as the popular refreshment. but ask any player, and they'll tell you it's hard work. and the sport actually has historical roots in central asia, and became popular under british rule in india. with me now is nina clarkin, the world's top ranked female polo player who is in town for a women's international polo match this weekend. welcome. we know there is a perception of polo, but it is hard work. how hard is it being a woman in this game? traditionally, certainly when i started playing a long time ago, it was a sport dominated by men. the great thing about polo is that men, women, young and old can play together because of the handicap system. in england now, andi the handicap system. in england now, and i think is happening all the world, women's polo was the fastest
growing of the sport and it is just getting bigger. how does that fight this perception that it's a game for royalty? this perception that it's a game for royalty ? h ow this perception that it's a game for royalty? how do you get past that to make it more popular?|j royalty? how do you get past that to make it more popular? i think it's difficult, but there is only about 296 difficult, but there is only about 2% of the sport that is actually glamorous. the rest of the time you are playing in the pouring rain in england. i think it also encourages people to come and watch, and certainly when we play on sunday, hopefully in the final here at the singapore polo club, there is something for everybody. a champagne bar, a fashion show, there is something for everybody. yes, presumably not under the pouring rain however. what steps are being taken to make polo more popular? here in asia, it is gaining more
traction? it is getting more and more popular. i think that is because it is able to be played by more and more people. we are dealing with a lot of great exposure at the moment and it is something we need to keep building on and getting more people to come and watch us play. what is fascinating is that your husband is the top—ranked polo player in new zealand. what is it like coming from a polo family? we are so like coming from a polo family? we are so competitive with each other. we play together quite a bit, it is often quite fiery when we are on the field together. unfortunately, he is a bit better than me and i have to ta ke a bit better than me and i have to take the role of the underdog. thank you and best of luck on sunday. the number of people displaced by the threatened eruption of a volcano in bali has risen to more than 100,000.
for now, mount agung is spewing white smoke, but there's no way of knowing when the eruption will take place. there are many on the island who remember the last time the volcano erupted, back in 1963. some of them spoke to the bbc. first pictures from the indonesian island of bali, we supposedly an active volcano erupted without warning. 0nce started, eruptions may continue. ash and lover... —— lava. you have been watching newsday. stay with us, we'll be looking at the heavens, and how one indian company hopes to take part in sending a rover to the moon. and sharanjit we love ending
the show with cute pictures of new baby animal arrivals. singapore zoo has one of the cutest babies by far. a baby white rhino, a three—week old male, bringing the rhino herd to seven. the rhino, who is yet to be named, will spend time bonding with his mother, donsa, at the back of house before being presented to the public at a later date. hi there. 0ver hi there. over the last few days, we've been carefully tracking the track of hurricane maria, which wrecked puerto rico. lots of weather in the atlantic. a powerful jetstrea m in the atlantic. a powerful jetstream over this weather, a big swell of cloud that looks like a massive ear pushing a band of rain eastwards over the uk over the next
12 hours or so. we will see some rain as we start friday, our main weather front across west scotland and western england and wales. ahead of that, patches of light rain, drizzle and foggy conditions over the hills of southern england, particularly salisbury plains and the downs. a mild start to the morning, temperatures 16— 17 degrees even at eight o'clock in the morning. rain beginning to clear away from western england and wales, some sunshine coming out. there could be heavy rain for a time across north—west england. wet weather with us for some, and a 5°ppy weather with us for some, and a soppy commute to work. most places have the chance of seeing some morning sunshine. through the day, brisk winds pushing rain eastwards across the country. eventually clearing away from east anglia, lincolnshire and yorkshire as well. some blustery showers into northern ireland and western scotland, some quite heavy. starting to feel a good deal cool across the north—west.
temperatures 14— 15 degrees. potentially reaching as high as 20 degrees, some sunshine across eastern england. further clumps of showers coming in across north—west in uk, when staying up overnight. we area in uk, when staying up overnight. we are a skies across central and eastern england. where those winds four, it could turn quite chilly. temperatures potentially getting down into single figures in the countryside. the weekend, a mixed bag. a reasonable start, but turning wet and windy during the second half of the weekend. starting off with a forecast for saturday. for most of us, a decent start with some sunshine. quite windy across north—western areas. not entirely dry everywhere, two showers mostly across the western side. 1a degrees the top temperature in glasgow, 18 in london. both temperatures coming down a little bit. as for maria, it could bring heavy rain to southern parts of england on monday. quite a bit of uncertainty. getting mixed up in that weather system on sunday, in
any case, bringing wet and windy weather to the uk. gales and severe gales across the coast. blustery showers feeling cool again once again across the south—west. so, saturday the better of the two days the weekend. our top story. china has ordered north korean companies operating in china to shut down by january. it's part of beijing's efforts to enforce un sanctions punishing north korea for its nuclear weapons development. china is responsible for the vast majority of north korean trade. this could add to the economic hardship already experienced by pyongyang. the un has been accused of a series of failures, in the lead—up to the current crisis in myanmar. the un secretary general has acknowledged that the crisis has produced the world's fastest—developing refugee emergency. and this story is trending on bbc.com — a huge white diamond found in angola has been displayed in hong kong ahead of its auction in november. 163 carats, it's by far the largest cut diamond of such quality to come