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tv   Newsday  BBC News  October 9, 2017 12:00am-12:31am BST

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i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore, the headlines kim jong—un promotes his younger sister to north korea's centre of power, increasing his family's control. the us vice—president mike pence walks out of an nfl game after some players refuse to stand for the us national anthem. i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme. yes — or no? confusion on whether catalonia will declare independence as hundreds of thousands demonstrate against separation from spain. and we're on the frontline between north and south korea — the world's most militarised border and a bunkerfor 2,000 people. this place was five years ago, underneath a mountain and it is absolutely vast. live from our studios in singapore and london, this is bbc world news.
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it's newsday. good morning. it's 7am in singapore, and 7.30am in pyongyang, where north korea's supreme leader kimjong—un has given his sister more power by promoting her to the nation's top decision—making body. 28—year—old kim yo—jong will replace her aunt in the politburo. her promotion is being seen as further evidence of the kim family's iron grip on north korea. 0ur asia—pacific editor, michael bristow has more. 0ver over the weekend, the north korean leader paid homage to his father and grandfather, both ruled the country before him. it was a reminder that ruling north korea, since its founding in1948, ruling north korea, since its founding in 1948, has been a family of there. to reinforce that point, mr kim used a party meeting to
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promote his younger sister, kim yo—jong, who was not yet 30 and only started appearing regularly a few yea rs started appearing regularly a few years ago but is thought to be in charge of her brother's public appearances. it is uncertain how much power she will wield behind—the—scenes but she will be aware that being part of the ruling family does not give her lifetime protection. kim jong—un 0wen family does not give her lifetime protection. kimjong—un 0wen had his uncle executed in 2013. and north korean agents are thought to have been behind the assassination of his half brother who had been living in exile. he was killed with a nerve agent at this malaysia and airport earlier this year. north korea's attem pts earlier this year. north korea's atte m pts to earlier this year. north korea's attempts to build a nuclear tipped missile has brought about an international crisis as pyongyang faces down its enemies in the united states, kim yo—jong has come to prominence at a dangerous time for
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herfamily prominence at a dangerous time for her family and her country. the development comes as us president donald trump has accused iran of funding the north korean regime amid concerns his administration will withdraw support for the nuclear deal signed in 2015 between iran and western powers. i believe they're funding north korea. i believe they're trading with north korea. i believe they're doing things with north korea that is totally inappropriate, that doesn't pertain to the deal, but in my opinion it does because it's called ‘the spirit of the deal‘. and you will see what i will be doing in the not too distant future. but iran is a bad player and they will be taken care of as a bad player. the us vice—president, mike pence, has walked out of an nfl game after some players refused to stand for the national anthem. mr pence said he left the match between the colts and the 49ers because he would not dignify any event which showed such disrespect. the symbolic protest against racial injustice has been staged at a number of games
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in recent weeks. well, this looks like a very much planned walkout by the vice president. it should have come to... no surprise to mike pence that the players on the field, the san francisco 49ers, knelt during the national anthem. they have done so for the last three weeks. in fact it was one of those players who started the debate in the first place. so as the players kneeled during the national anthem, mike pence stood next to his wife and on heart, waited for the anthem to finish and then he walked out. and with that swept walkout he has reignited the debate between the nfl and the administration. president trump took credit, said it was his idea, and that he was proud of his vice president. he relishes this row because it plays to his blue—collar rustbelt based to take pride in the flag, take pride in the national anthem. for them it comes first. but if it was a stunt,
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it was a risky one. not only could it stop further division in this country, it could have been quite costly. the vice president took air force 2, which would have cost hundreds of thousands of dollars, an expensive stunt to basically score points for team trump. also this hour — storm nate has weakened to a tropical depression after bringing strong winds, heavy rain and some flooding to the south—eastern united states. it made landfall as a hurricane twice, in louisiana and mississippi. the storm system killed at least 25 people in nicaragua, costa rica and honduras. reports from bangladesh say a boat packed with rohingya refugees fleeing violence in myanmar has capsized in a river near the bangladeshi coast. officials say at least two people are dead and many others are missing. a rescue operation is under way. it's thought about 100 refugees were on board. turkey says it will stop
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issuing all non—immigrant visas to us citizens. the announcement came after the us embassy in turkey imposed a similar measure. last week a worker at the us consulate in istanbul was detained on suspicion of links to people involved in last year's failed coup. authorities in china say they've punished more than one point three million low—level communist party bureaucrats over the last five years as part of the country's crackdown on corruption. prominent party officials such as top politician bo xilai are among those to have been convicted as part of the campaign. this billowing cloud of smoke comes from a huge fire at a shopping centre in moscow. 3000 people were evacuated from the market which specialises in building materials. nearly 300 firefighters were sent to the scene. reports say that part of the roof has collapsed and people have been injured. one of the main arguments made
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against migration in the us and parts of europe is that it drags wages down. but a new report from the world bank argues that here in south—east asia, the opposite is true. it says migration helps economic growth, often in both the migrants‘ adopted and home countries. and the bank says labour laws should be loosened to allow more movement. this report that you have released comes at a time where we have seen the us cracking down on migration, some statements from the white house saying they would try to get more legislation around immigration. 0bviously, governments around the world did not agree about the benefits of immigration. why do you say it is good for southeast asia?
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it is an important topic right now. what we really look at is the effect of migrants in the region to and on the local population. it is important to understand what a migration workforce look like and what the native workforce looks like. what we see here is that around 92% of the in countries that are increasing quickly, they are experiencing economic growth and they are becoming more and more educated. in malaysia we can see a huge increase in immigration in the workforce. migrants cop lament the workforce and they allow the local workforce
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to work in skilled jobs. 50, essentially, to work in skilled jobs. so, essentially, the less educated will be working more blue—collarjobs, for instance, which they will fill in these countries. we know that there are many people who oppose it. it does affect wages in certain sectors. yes. so what we see, we look at this in the report and we look at this in the report and we look at this in the report and we look at the impact on wages. what we see exactly is that overall at least in this region, we see increasing wages for workers who are more skilled. there is a small relative impact for workers. the same —— something important to remember is the role of domestic politics. it is important when training programmes, those lose out from migration, can have access to better job opportunities created by migrant workers. of course we see in the us that donald trump wants to ensure
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that donald trump wants to ensure that migrants be kept out. you say that migrants be kept out. you say that governments should seek looser regulation as well. what do you mean by that? it is not so much looser regulation but regulation in line with economic needs. something we stress is that migration is an economic strategy, a capital development strategy. it is important to align mission procedures to economic needs which means linking to unemployment rate is to productivity levels. and in a couple of countries here in south—east asia, that has been done successfully. hundreds of thousands of people have been on the streets of barcelona in a huge show of support for the unity of spain and against plans for the independence of catalonia. spain's worst political crisis for decades was sparked a week ago by a referendum on independence for the wealthy north—eastern region. spain's prime minister has warned of "drastic action" if that happens. 0ur europe editor katya adler reports from barcelona. viva catalonia!
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viva espana! catalans who oppose independence from spain call themselves the silent majority. today they made a lot of noise. we want to stay together. we don't want to break this country. i am catalan. i am spanish. and today i'm here because i'm very proud. and i don't want that catalonia go out of spain. everyone we spoke to here was catalan but people came from all over spain in the name of spanish unity. this crowd is emotional, excitable and passionate because this is all about identity, their identity. whether catalonia remains in or outside spain but the power of emotions aside, today is also all about politics. the question here for
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the spanish prime minister, will he wait for the catalan government to declare independence or act first? his answer in a rare televised interview today... translation: be absolutely reassured, the government will prevent any declaration of catalan independence from turning into something real. spain will continue to be spain. it is what the majority of spaniards want. maybe but catalans remain split between families and friends with tensions remaining this week. i'm worried independence can happen in 48 or 72 hours and i don't think i've heard have a clear explanation of how things are going to work. i don't know if i'm going to be in europe, if i will be using the euro. we have two countries, spain and catalonia. my heart is divided. i'm excited with the idea of creating
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a new country but i'm worried too. my friends are very, very worried. but ardent pro—independence catalans aren't concerned. they're elated. they view the spanish government as oppressive and identify with the catalan language and culture, not spanish. the number of pro— catalan voices have been growing in the last few years. we are waiting for a long time. i'm excited. last week catalans held an independence referendum not recognised under spanish law. so now will the catalan government fulfil their promise, declare independence and risk a strong response from madrid? talking to an mp from the governing party that seems increasingly unlikely. a kind of yes, but. we are sure and we have understood that the majority of catalans want this country to be an independent state.
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we are ready to talk, negotiate with the catalan, with the spanish government, in order to make this effectively. that does not sound like a unilateral declaration of independence. this is the point. but by now the point from many catala ns, whatever their political persuasion, is to avoid deepening divisions, between fathers and sons, colleagues and cousins. after days of colourful flag waving, a heartfelt plea for dialogue. katya adler, bbc news, barcelona. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme... up close on the frontline between north and south korea — the most militarised border in the world. also ahead on the programme, a japanese advertising firm is fine
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for making employees work excessive overtime. we take a look at how widespread the problem is. this was a celebration by people who were relishing their freedom. they believe everything's going to be different from now on. they think their country will be respected in the world once more, as it used to be before slobodan milosevic took power. the dalai lama, the exiled spiritual leader of tibet, has won this year's nobel peace prize. as the parade was reaching its climax, two grenades exploded and a group of soldiersjumped from a military truck taking part in the parade and ran towards the president, firing from kalashnikov automatic rifles. after 437 years, the skeletal ribs of henry viii's tragic warship emerged. but even as divers work to buoy her up, the mary rose went through another heart—stopping drama. i want to be the people's governor. i want to represent everybody. i believe in the people of california. this is newsday on the bbc.
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i'm babita sharma, in london. our top stories: kim jong—un promotes his younger sister to north korea's centre of power, increasing his family's control. the us vice—president, mike pence, walks out of an nfl game after some players refuse to stand for the us national anthem. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. let's start with the japan times that says shinzo abe is pinning his election hopes on north korea. the paper reports that the pm justified his decision to call a snap election injapan, by saying he wants a mandate on his policy of maximizing pressure on pyongyang over its nuclear programme staying with north korea,
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the international new york times has a story with the title "need beef? call the embassy". it says north korean embassies around the world are expected to make money and send any surplus back home. so it's perhaps no surprise that in bulgaria's capital, you can apparently rent the embassy building for parties. and the gulf times says that dubai airport will soon have "smart tunnels" — a biometric technology system that passengers can walk through to clear security in as little as ten seconds and without even showing their passports. now babita, what are people talking about online? the us president donald trump has had a twitter fight with his former ally, the republican senator bob corker. mr trump sent out a barrage
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of tweets criticising the senator, saying he didn't have the guts to run for office again. mr corker, who is the chairman of the senate foreign relations committee, responded with a sarcastic post, saying... the boss of japanese advertising giant, dentsu, will take a 20% pay cut for the next six months after the firm was fined for making employees work excessive overtime. dentsu was scrutinised after a young worker killed herself in 2015. but a recent government report found employees at nearly one in four companies are at risk of dying from working too much. critics have claimed the fine against dentsu ofjust over $4,000 is unlikely to be a deterrent. scott north is from the university of osaka well, the fine is the maximum fine
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they can be imposed in cases like this so i think the government and the ministry of health and welfare are trying to send a strong message to the japanese business immunity that they need to rake in their use of excessive overtime —— ran in. that they need to rake in their use of excessive overtime -- ran in. how strong a message is it? this is a widespread problem that has existed for decades. another case has come to light, national broadcaster, in hk, making public death one of the reporters in 2013. companies seem implicated in all of this. they seem to be encouraging it. what steps can be taken? the most important step that needs to be taken is the
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companies to keep track of workers hours. under the current law, they are not obliged to do that. they are obliged to pay overtime above a0 hours per week but there is nothing in the actual labour law that says employees employers have to keep track of employees hours. this is a major loophole. there are other exemptions in the law that turn waking hours that are fluid so a lot of hours go unaccounted. 0ver waking hours that are fluid so a lot of hours go unaccounted. over the yea rs, of hours go unaccounted. over the years, the statistics on working hours have shown a general decline primarily due to the rising number of part—time primarily due to the rising number of pa rt—time employees primarily due to the rising number of part—time employees but where we ask both employers and employees about how many hours people are working, we find a very consistent and very large gap between 200 hours per year... in such part and parcel
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of japanese work culture, there is even a work for it, why is it so entrenched? even a work for it, why is it so entrenched ? —— even a work for it, why is it so entrenched? —— word. is it a hard habit to break? i do think it will be hard to break. we need a law that guarantees people a certain amount of rest every day, like the interval system used in each europe. japanese employers have strongly resisted introducing anything like that. your next story is about the most militarised border in the world? to think there would be a home to 2000 people living underground in a punk at because the people living between north and south korea need no reminder about the cost of conflict.
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the landscape is covered with reminders of the korean war more than 60 years ago, and preparations for any future one. rupert wingfield hayes has been on the south korean border — where kim jong—un's artillery is just a few miles away. this valley i standing in runs all the way up to the demilitarised zone and all the way up into north korea so and all the way up into north korea so this is clearly a vulnerable weak point and because we are sent lots of these, these huge concrete blocks are ready so that if it is a conflict they can blow out these la kes conflict they can blow out these lakes and they can tumble down blocking the road. crude but
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effective. this is a village which before the korean war was in north korea. the end of the wall, it ended up korea. the end of the wall, it ended up in south korea. today, it is still close to the demilitarised zone. this place was built about five yea rs this place was built about five years ago, underneath the mountain and it is absolutely fast. 100 metres long and 20 metres wide. so big, it has its own echo. listen to this. hello. echo: hello. are you worried that could be what again now? —— war. a look at the very demilitarised
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border. you have been watching newsday. stay with us. we take you to india to find out how the government is helping businesses cope with changes brought about by the goods and services tax. and before we go. a huge haul of cocaine worth 260 million dollars has been found hidden under the kitchen of a tugboat. seven people have been arrested. the boat was in the atlantic, more than 800 kilometres from the canary islands. hello, once again the weekend has
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been marred by relatively benign conditions for most areas. decent spells of sunshine boosting temperatures. no escaping the fact that in some spots, there was quite a bit of cloud around as well. and the odd bit and pieces of rain. not a shock to the system. temperatures in double figures. a lot of cloud around. at its figures across parts of scotla nd around. at its figures across parts of scotland with weak weather fronts dragging cloud from west to east are many areas. northern ireland perhaps a little bit drier and a fraction brighter. south of the border, the greater part of england and wales is dry. probably the odd hint of sunshine but not the case across parts of the fat south of wales and south—west england with moist air and cloud sitting low in the atmosphere and there could be some drizzly rain and breeze as well. hopefully that situation will improve as the day gets going with
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brighter skies also in the parts of wales, the north of england and certainly the scotland after a rather dismal start. northern ireland, i have not forgotten you but you started off quite bright and then cloud filling with rain around teatime and early evening and that is exactly the moment at which wales and the republic of ireland will clash horns in a crucial walk up will find match in wales. 0vernight, a bit of rain across the northern half of england. as it moves into the southern half of britain, not much do not band of cloud with the odd spot of rain perhaps. brighter skies following a high—end but not too many isoba rs skies following a high—end but not too many isobars there. setting out too many isobars there. setting out to bea too many isobars there. setting out to be a decent afternoon for many spots safer this north—western quarter we are seeing the first sign ofa quarter we are seeing the first sign of a wet night and a pretty wet and windy day also. weather fronts piling in from the atlantic with every rain across the western ills of scotland, the pennines and down into the welsh mountains. behind it,
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things begin to improve. it dries out and that is the shape of things to come so many of us through thursday. still a little bit wheezy perhaps but a lot of dry weather around and some brightness as well. that comes was thanks to this albeit transient bridge of high—pressure —— low pressure. the next set of weather fronts coming in from the atlantic. a number of isobars and we finished the week the many with a combination of wet and windy weather. i'm babita sharma with bbc world news. 28—year—old kim yo—jong will join the politburo, the nation's top decision—making body, replacing her aunt. huge crowds have turned out in barcelona in a show of support for the unity of spain and against plans for the independence of catalonia. it's not clear whether the region will go ahead with a full declaration of independence. and this story is trending on bbc.com... the us vice—president, mike pence has walked out of an nfl game after some players knelt down during the national anthem. mr pence said he would not dignify any event which showed such disrespect.
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the symbolic protest against racial injustice has been staged at a number of games in recent weeks. that's all from me now. now on bbc news it's time for the world's most difficultjob: afghanistan.
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