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tv   BBC News at Six  BBC News  October 13, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm BST

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oui’ our country to the benefit of in our country to the benefit of other countries. we need negotiators who will much more strongly represent america's interest. the nuclear deal through iran's dictatorship, a political and economic lifeline providing urgent relief from the intense domestic relief from the intense domestic relief from the precious an ankle —— sanctions had to impose. it gave a boost, and over $100 billion its government could use to fund terrorists. the regime also received a massive cash settlement of $1.7 billion from the united states, a large portion of which was physically loaded onto an aeroplane and flown into iran. just imagine the sight of those huge piles of money being hauled off by the
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iranians waiting at the airport for the cash. i wonder where all that money went. and importantly, in just and importantly, injust a and importantly, in just a few yea rs, and importantly, in just a few years, as key restrictions disappear iran can sprint towards a rapid nuclear weapons break out. in other words we got, weak inspections in exchange for no more than a purely short—term and temporary delay in iran's path to nuclear weapons. what is the purpose of a deal that at best only delays iran's nuclear capability for a short period of time? this as president of the united states is unacceptable. in other countries, they think in terms
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of 100 year intervals, notjust a few years at a time. the saddest pa rt few years at a time. the saddest part of the deal for the united states is that all of the money was paid upfront which is unheard of rather than at the end of the deal when they have shown they have played by the rules. but what's done is done, and that's why we are where we are. the iranian regime has committed multiple violations of the agreement. for example, on two separate occasions they have exceeded the limit of 130 metric tonnes of heavy water. until recently, the iranian regime has also failed to meet our expectations in its operation of advanced centrifuges. the iranian regime has
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also intimidated international inspectors into not using the full inspection authorities that the agreement calls for. iranian officials and military leaders have repeatedly claimed they will not allow inspectors on to military sites even though the international community suspects some of those sites were part of iran's clandestine nuclear weapons programme. there are many people who believe that iran is dealing with north korea. i'm going to instruct our intelligence agencies to do a thorough analysis and report back their findings beyond what they have already reviewed. but its own terms the iran deal was supposed to contribute to regional and international peace and security. and yet, while the united states adheres to our commitment, under the
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deal, the iranian regime continues to fuel conflict, terror and turmoil throughout the middle east and beyond. importa ntly, throughout the middle east and beyond. importantly, iran is not living up to the spirit of the deal. so today, in recognition of the increasing menace posed by iran, and after extensive consultations with our allies, i after extensive consultations with ourallies, iam after extensive consultations with our allies, i am announcing a new strategy to address the full range of iran's destructive actions. first, we will work with our allies to counter the regime's destabilising activity and support proxies. we will place additional sanctions. third, we will address the regime's proliferation of missiles and weapons that threaten its neighbours, global trade, and
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freedom of navigation. and finally, we will deny the regime all paths to a nuclear weapon. today, i'm also announcing several major steps, my administration has taken in pursuit of this strategy. the execution of our strategy begins with the long over due step of imposing tough sanctions on iran's islamic revolutionary guard corp. the revolutionary guard corp. the revolutionary guard is the iranian‘s supreme revolutionary guard is the iranian‘s supreme leaders, corrupt, personal terror force and militia. supreme leaders, corrupt, personal terrorforce and militia. it supreme leaders, corrupt, personal terror force and militia. it has hijacked large portions of iran's economy and seized massive religious endowments to fund war and terror abroad. this includes arming the syrian dictator, supplying proxies and partners with missiles and weapons to attack civilians in the
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region and even plotting to bomb a popular restaurant right here in washington dc. i am authorising the treasury department to further sanction the entire islamic revolutionary guard corp, for its support for terrorism, and to apply sanctions to its officials, agents and affiliates. i urge our allies to join us in taking strong actions to curb iran's continued dangerous and destabilising behaviour. including thorough sanctions outside the iran deal that target the regime's ballistic missile programme in support for terrorism and all of its destructive activities of which there are many. finally, on the grave matter of iran's nuclear programme, since the signing of the nuclear agreement, the regime's
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dangerous aggression has only escalated. at the same time, it has received massive sanctions, relief while continuing to develop its missiles programme. iran has also entered into lucrative business contracts with other parties to the agreement when the agreement was finalised in 2015, congress passed the iran nuclear agreement review act to ensure that congress's voice would be heard on the deal. among other conditions, this law requires the president or his des igne, to certify that the sanctions under the deal is appropriate and proportionate to measure and other measures taken by iran to terminate it's illicit nuclear programme. based on the factual record, i have put forward, i am announcing today
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that we cannot and will not make this certification. we will not continue, down a path whose predictable conclusion is more violence, more terror and the very real threat of iran's nuclear break out. that is why i am directing my administration to work closely with congress and our allies to address the deals many serious laws so that the deals many serious laws so that the iranian regime can never threaten the world with nuclear weapons. these include the deal‘s sun keep set clauses that in just a few years will eliminate key restrictions on iran's nuclear programme. the flaws in the deal also include insufficient enforcement and near total silence on iran's missile programmes. congress has already begun the work
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to address these problems. key house and senate leaders are drafting leg slainltion that would amend the iran nuclear agreement review act to strengthen enforcement, prevent iran from developing an, this is so totally important, an intercontinental ballistic missile and make all restrictions on iran's nuclear activity permanent under us law. so important. i support these initiatives. however, in the event we are not able to reach a solution, working with congress and our allies, then the agreement will be terminated. it is under continuous review and our participation can be cancelled by me as president at any time. as we have seen in north
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korea, the longer we ignore a threat, the worse that threat becomes. it is why we are determined that the world's leading sponsor of terrorism will never obtain nuclear weapons. in this effort we stand in total solidarity with the iranian regime's longest suffering victims. its own people. the citizens of iran have paid a heavy price for the violence and extremism of their leaders. the iranian people long to and they just are leaders. the iranian people long to and theyjust are longing to reclaim their country's proud history. its culture, its civilisation, its co—operation with its neighbours. we hope that these new measures directed at the iranian dictatorship will compel the government to
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re—evaluate its pursuit of terror at the expense of its people. we hope that our actions today will help bring about a future of peace, stability, and prosperity in the middle east, a future where sovereign nations respect each other and their own citizens. we pray for and their own citizens. we pray for a future where young children, american and iranian, muslim, christian and jewish, can grow up in a world free from violence, hatred and terror and until that blessed day comes, we will do what we must to keep america safe. thank you. god bless you and god bless america. thank you. donald trump not taking questions from journalist in the room, leaving after that statement,
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setting out his administration's strategy towards iran, giving his thoughts on the iran nuclear deal signed two years ago under the 0bama administration saying it is one of the worst and most one sided transactions the us has entered into. he talked about iran as the world's leading state sponsor of terrorism under the control of a fanatical regime. with me is our correspondent international correspondent. what did you make what of we heard? it is interesting how he decided to structure the speech in and what comes out of that, his main concern, the main concern of his, sunni arab allies in the gulf and also of israel, is iran's behaviour in the region. he set out first of all the new strategy to counter what he said we re strategy to counter what he said were iran's aggressive actions across the region. he dealt with that and then he went to the nuclear deal. underlining that it's, and
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that's the way they see it, the nuke clare deal is the secondary threat. it has to be redone. it is one of the worse deals he has seen. people around the world will be doing a fa ct around the world will be doing a fact check. it was a selective history. it is history. yes, after the iranian revolution of 1979 there was the seizing of the american hostages, hundreds of them, that is seared into american memory. yes, death to america, death to israel we re death to america, death to israel were the rallying cries, but this is iran of 2017 with the reformist president who doesn't abide by the same slogans, who doesn't have the same slogans, who doesn't have the same approach to relation with the west, but yes, iran does fund proxies, does organised proxies, shia militias in iraq and syria, but so do the allies of the united states, so do saudi arabia and qatar, they are backing the islamist
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hardliners who led to the creation of al-qaeda in iraq and syria. it is a history which his telling of history which leads him to the conclusion that iran is the most important threat facing the united states and its allies and last unhim these actions will be taken, but many will say, yes, there are actions of iran that need to be can discussed by the united states and its allies, but the actions that he is taking today may lead the to opposite. it will be destabilising. i see with the so—called islamic state now, the threat of islamic state now, the threat of islamic state now, the threat of islamic state now, slowly fading away, i see this portrayal of a new enemy, not that the us and iran were not at odds, but they have, the long list, now he is announcing iran the prime enemy of the united states, but
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there is another big list on the other side of grievances from iranian side which starts in 1953, coup, which was engineered and executed by us and british secret services and comes all the way through to 19805 when the iran iraq war, the support of the west for saddam hussein who was only recognised as an aggressor when he also invaded, kuwait and then shooting down of iranian airliner, the list goes on and on. there is a counter list on the other side as well. but in terms of substantially what he actually said, he said he does not certify iran's compliance with the nuclear deal and he will not and he said that this will be reviewed in congress. so basically, hitting the can down the road to congress so this is where i stand, i set america first. i said i will
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guard your security and your interests and now it will be the congress that will have to decide exactly what that means or what they're going to do. but it is not walking out of the deal yet. but it does escalate the hostilities to a degree that it may one day steer one side or the other to walking out of the deal or the hostilities will reach a point where like he said, the spirit or the letter of the deal will not be complied with any longer. how much pressure is there on any party not to look like the one who is walking out on the deal? well, president trump must have been told privately by his, he kept referring to his european allies, there is the russians and the chinese who negotiated the deal. all of them said don't walk away from the deal. all of them said the deal is working. so for him to say i have been consulting my allies, it maybe the allies in the region. they want the allies in the region. they want the deal to work because for, it is
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not a per effect deal, negotiations don't come up with per effect deals, this is the best there is. and yes, let us work on the other things, but this is the best there is. he is not walking out yet. he held open the possibility that they could make this deal work. but what a series of hurdles that this deal, the iranians most of all have to go through. he wa nts to most of all have to go through. he wants to re—open the deal. he wants ballistic missiles to be part of. that's not part of the intention. he wa nts to that's not part of the intention. he wants to have tougher inspections. you remember, during the negotiations, when it was mentioned about the inspections by the iea, they would visit nuclear sites, but they would visit nuclear sites, but the main negotiator said you will not visit military sites, what country in the world allows outsider to come to military sites? so it was agreed by all of the world powers, it would not include military sites. president trump is saying the military sites have to be included. he mentioned the cases of where iran didn't comply, but those were raised
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by the iea and iran corrected them. there is a mechanism in place already for inspections. they would say they are as tough as they can get. the other sanctions, you mentioned, he fell short of designating the irgc, the main security body as a terrorist organisation. so he pulled back a bit. but he talked about the sanctions, there are already sanctions, there are already sanctions which is part of that, we have to wait and see what kind of sanctions are going to be imposed. iran, icanjust sanctions are going to be imposed. iran, i canjust imagine, iran makes a lot of the fact, it is one of the defining national interests, they survived years of sanctions and it wasn't lost on many that the rising influence in iraq, in lebanon, in yemen, in syria, happened under sanctions. so sanctions are not, iran will carry out its strategic objective. it has never been afraid of sanctions, but it is a country where people expect benefits from
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the nuclear deal. if this puts a halt to new investments in iran, it's going to have an effect both on iranian politics with the hardliners. what we said including iran's supreme leader, go ahead and negotiate, but we don't trust the americans. there must be a lot of people in tehran saying i told you so. people in tehran saying i told you so. let's bring in barbara plett—usher. how did what we heard from donald trump compare to what we have been expecting? from donald trump compare to what we have been expecting ?|j from donald trump compare to what we have been expecting? i think pretty much as advertised. a long description of iran's allegedly bad behaviour. he sees it as a terrorist nation as he calls it. that a long description of how he feelings the nuclear deal meet requirements, that it was a deal that doesn't actually ultimately prevent iran from developing a nuclear weapons capability and then the prescriptions that he put forward, we had been flagged up by senior officials that he will not certify
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the agreement, that he said, it is not what, what iran is being asked to do is not proportionate to the amount of benefits, so it doesn't meet us legal conditions and he is punting it to congress as we expected, asking them to take separate legal measures to tighten restrictions and these will involve, he said, ballistic missiles, and will involve especially he has a problem with the sunset clauses in the deal as do many, but he feels they need to be removed. he said we wa nt they need to be removed. he said we want in legislation the fact that we don't accept that the limits on iran's nuclear activity should ever expire and end of course the sanctions he talked about on the revolutionary guards and with regards to ballistic mills isles. ballistic missiles. the question is whether congress can come up with the legislation that would carry out this? agree amongst itself and whether it can get allies on board
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to try to negotiate some tougher measures that might satesify the americans, but almost certainly, as lyse was saying would not have iran on board. you will not have the deal scuppered tomorrow, but it has gone into the stage where it is going to become quite a sort of political football and you know, the fear that it could unravel over time. barbara, thank you. in terms of any renegotiation, tehran's stance would be no? absolutely. this is two years of intensive negotiations day in and day out... shouting, arguing, walking out. all the world powers, sitting around for weeks. that deal has been negotiated up to the coal mines, up to every single word in that deal has been negotiated. you open that box, you open that pandora box, then it will be open to all
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sorts of renegotiations. iranians are not happy how it delivers on the economic front. how still it keeps banks scared from dealing with iraq. it is is a big no from tehran's prospective. if they come up with another platform whereby they can discuss regional security, plus missile programmes, all those concerns, missile programmes, all those concerns, parallel to the existing deal, iraq might be interested. it depends what the other side is prepared to give and what iran's demands will be. it was interesting because at the united nations it was the first meeting of the, it was interesting hearing president trump say the jcpoa, the difficult acronym and it was the first meeting where tillerson, the secretary of state, the us secretary of state, and they we re the us secretary of state, and they were in the same room. everyone in
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the room except for secretary of state tillerson backed the deal. secretary of state tillerson said i know the iranians are educated and they are, something he said sophisticated but this is a new administration and we need to have a new kind of a deal. there isn't the nuclear negotiations, prove that when you sit down, opposite sides around the table, and you stick with it, there is the possibility of reaching a conclusion and this is what happened as amir said and barbara plett was there too weeks on end, nota barbara plett was there too weeks on end, not a perfect deal, iran said send back the ten tonnes of nuclear fuel that we shipped outside the country. if you open up the pandora's box, the iranians will open up the pandora's box. there is no reopening of the deal. there is no reopening of the deal. there is no return to the deal. there is no
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renegotiations. the deal is meant to move us forward and not back. there isa move us forward and not back. there is a lot of things to discuss about iran's action, but the question that's hanging over this is this one going to lead to more war or a great are and more secure going to lead to more war or a great are and more secure region? barbara in washington in terms of where this goes, the ball is in congress' court? yes, just to respond to what lyse was saying when secretary tillerson was speaking last night, he said they didn't expect to be able to open the deal. they would like to renegotiate it and like to re—open it, but they have been given a clear message that isn't going to happen. so he is talking about trying to negotiate a follow—up agreement. specifically regarding theissue agreement. specifically regarding the issue of the ballistic missile weapons programme, trying to limit that and put curbs, but to get rid of the sunset clauses. they want to make the restrictions on iran's nuclear programme extend
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indefinitely and it is not completely, it is no so strange to try to negotiate a follow—up agreement when you have an arms control accord, that's not unnecessary an expected thing, but first of all, to start off by saying we're going to put in our own law that those limits have to be on you, that's your starting point and then to raise the con frontration level, the combative spirit in the way president trump has done with his speech and his measures suggests that a follow—up accord would be quite difficult to deal with. barbara, thank you very much. barbara, thank you very much. barbara plett—usher in washington and lyse doucet. you have been watching coverage of president trump's speech as he tells the public he has decide to de—certify the iran nuclear deal of 2015. there a lot happening on the weather
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front right now. we have got some fine weather on the way. that's on one hand. 0n the other hand, we are also watching a hurricane way to the south of us. there is spain there, the coast of africa and this is hurricane 0phelia. we are in for windy weather. it will be responsible for drawing in more warm tropical air in our direction. in the short—term we have got sunny spells around on saturday. rain there in the far north—west of the uk. for the western isles and northern ireland, more cloud. look
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at the temperatures in the mid to the high teens. hull interest there at 20 celsius. the temperatures depend on how much sunshine we will get. if it stays overcast, the temperatures will hover around 19 celsius. if the sun breaks through that layer of cloud and you get a long sunny spell, the temperatures may get up to 22 celsius on saturday, but not here in the far north—west. here we are close to a weather front. this is north—west. here we are close to a weatherfront. this is not the re m na nts of weatherfront. this is not the remnants of any storm at this stage, this is rainfall that's sliding across the north—west. look at that, still a southerly wind and again on sunday, where the clouds break, we could get up to 22 celsius or 23 celsius, and maybe higher than that. now the top we will get is about 2k and that's given we get a lot of sunshine. this is mostly across southern parts of england. back to that storm. so ex—hurricane 0phelia by this stage, passing, this is spain and france and it looks as if
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the worst of the weather will go into ireland and affect western and north western parts of the uk. i don't want you to take this track precisely. it could be a shift towards the left or the right. still some uncertainty, but it is generally heading in our direction. let's summarize this. it is going to bea let's summarize this. it is going to be a warm weekend if we get a lot of sunshine. we will be watching that ex—hurricane out there in the atla ntic ex—hurricane out there in the atlantic and potentially some windy weather around on monday and wet too. coming up on tonight's newswatch colon the report on heroin was hard—hitting and difficult viewing, but was it right to
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