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tv   Click  BBC News  October 28, 2017 12:30pm-1:01pm BST

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sport now, and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre. details of the under 17 world cup final. good afternoon lots of football ahead, first of all the premier league action about to kick off, second against third as manchester united and spurs that to narrow the gap on leaders manchester city. united fans will be pleased to see striker marcus rashford hearfit to partner romelu lukaku upfront, arriving a few moments ago at old trafford. as for spurs, it is son who has been chosen to replace the injured harry kane, as cheekily suggested by pep guardiola being a one—man team. suggested by pep guardiola being a one-man team. jailing a season, you cannot play well all the time, you cannot play well all the time, you cannot win all the time, not be lucky all the time —— during a
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season. so to lose again i think is going to happen again. but in terms of the attitude that we didn't like, and knowing the players and knowing how good people they are, yes, i believe that was an isolated case. talking about youth football, when it comes to this, england are the best at it in the world, they are already the under 19 and under 20 world champion and today it's the turn of the under 17 team to com plete turn of the under 17 team to complete the set. more than 60,000 fa ns complete the set. more than 60,000 fans in the stands in india. this tea m fans in the stands in india. this team have showed they have handled the pressure, their striker scoring seven goals in the tournament including a hat—trick in the semifinal against brazil. you don't get to this part of a tournament relying on two players. you need to
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bea relying on two players. you need to be a good level all over the pitch and tomorrow for both teams be no different. so, we are aware of their players. but like i said, also aware of where we think we can exploit as well and we'll be ready to deliver, that's for sure. world heavyweight boxing champion anthonyjoshua says carlos ta ka m boxing champion anthonyjoshua says carlos ta kam shouldn't boxing champion anthonyjoshua says carlos takam shouldn't be written off when they meet at cardiff this evening. he was called in as a late replacement of double goering kubrat pulev withdrew through injury —— bulgarian. joshua will look to extend his record of knockouts in front of a crowd of over 70,000 fans. carlos is strong, carlos is fit, he can box. so, i knew how i would be facing somebody who was ready and i was not training just for kubrat pulev, i will always
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train for for kubrat pulev, i will always trainforany for kubrat pulev, i will always train for any champion and contender in the world. carlos is a completely different animal to wladimir klitschko, but i do know i am willing to do whatever it takes to win. lewis hamilton here is aiming to become world champion for a fourth time at the mexican grand prix this weekend. if he finishes fifth or better tomorrow, the title is his no matter what happens to his closest rivals sebastian vettel. third practice tomorrow takes place at 3:55pm, but it would take a major calamity this weekend from hamilton to ta ke calamity this weekend from hamilton to take the crown and on the evidence of the second half of this season, it's very unlikely to happen. wales's rugby league side suffered their record world cup defeat at the hands of papa new guinea. thejoint hosts defeat at the hands of papa new guinea. the joint hosts scored ten tries in their 15—6 victory with a dominant performance. wales haven't
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w011 dominant performance. wales haven't won at the world cup since 2000, only the winners of the pool will qualify for the quarterfinals. goalless in the early stages at old trafford, manchester united and totte n ha m. trafford, manchester united and tottenham. time now for click. this week, spotting fake news and debunking the people in power. wondering the ruins. and something wicked this way comes. going into space has long been the dream of many a sci—fi fan and for one bbc presenter, that dream is about to come true. in a world first for the broadcast industry, spencer kelly, who fronts the bbc technology programme click, has been accepted
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by nasa to visit and report from international space station. during his stay onboard, he will present several episodes of click. he says he has always harboured ambitions to leave planet earth and will test how the latest technology performs in zero gravity. he says he's looking forward to the months of training ahead of him. that's not true. i'm so sorry. that shouldn't be on the autocue. that's my christmas fantasy list. it's fake news! we are fighting the fake news. it's fake, phoney. the fake media tried to stop... everyone is using the term these days. the problem is it now seems to mean anything from actual lives to something you simply don't agree with. —— actual lies. and the technology world is anguishing over how to use sought fact from fiction.
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from opinion, from satire, from highly skewed and misleading headlines... as a result, fact checking organisations are now working to counter the fake news effect. the first draft coalition operates around the world and in germany it is working alongside journalists from a group to help improve online transparency. in the run—up to the recent election here, they published a daily newsletter, looking at stories suspected to be false or misleading. you look at an incident. is what is being claimed in the captions descriptions what is actually being insinuated? one which showed a couple of maybe not traditional northern european skinhead guys waving passports. this was claimed to be smug immigrants tramping all over german people's feelings. the tweets said they were insulting local germans and provoking them.
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using simple tools such as reverse image searches to verify the original sources of videos and in this case a facility called watch frame by frame, journalists were able to identify the street name. the thing that helped me if there is a police officer walking through the video, back here. after locating the police squad in question they were able to get an eyewitness account of what happened, notjust in front of the camera but also behind. actually, we discovered that behind the camera there are like 100 people insulting these three to four guys in the first place. they were, if anything, just reacting. another story debunked by the group involved what looked like a number of muslims standing at a bus stop. the headline was, this is how
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islamic society or an islamist society would look like or does look like and we are heading to this. we were taking a closer look at this... narrowing down where buses met, journalists were able to pinpoint the spot and the fact that the group had just come out of a christian church. they confirmed that they work with refugees and they know the guys in the video and they were just coming back from a baptism and they were trying to celebrate the baptism and were just heading for lunch. so, this was really misleading information and trying to manipulate people and make them worried about whether we are overruled by other cultures. the problem is that anything can look believable when it is published online. and there is an ongoing debate about whether the platforms
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on which the stories are published should be the ones to police them. making sure that quality content and quality journalism is on top is a big mission. so that's why we work very closely with fact checking organisations and media organisations around the world. just a couple of months ago we changed our ads policy around misleading news websites. whoever ends up fighting the rising tide of fake news, one thing is for certain. ultimately we are going to need an automated fact checking system. back in the uk, a stones throw from westminster lies full fact. this is an organisation that first came to the public attention around the time of the eu referendum. these guys have some pretty interesting fact checking tools. in this session of prime minister's questions, the group is verifying claims
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using a mixture of manual and automated fact checking. one of the automated tools being developed looks at the trends behind a claim such as where and how many times any statement was repeated. another tool will take text from tv subtitles and check it off in real time against reliable databases, such as the office of national statistics. using a combination of ai and machine learning, the algorithm will perform calculations and check facts with primary sources. eventually, it could be used in a scenario such as this. there are 10,000 more training places available for nurses in the nhs, but the right honourable gentleman... that's not right. that's an ambition for 2020, it is currently not true. how cool would it be to debunk claims like that on the spot? but the system would be able
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to challenge more subtle claims with lots of caveats, such as the statement the nhs is in crisis. nor will it provide simple yes and no answers. gdp is rising. it's kind of like shazam for facts. nurses are using food banks. the tool that i'm most excited about is the text checking. when somebody is talking live and it takes you in real time to the primary sources. so, if a journalist is in a press conference or if they are interviewing someone, they can see straightaway if there is something that the person in front of them has said is true or false, which is particularly cool. i so want that. have you used it? i haven't used it in anger yet. when will it be ready? it's ready now, but it can only do one sentence at a time. you think public figures will have to change the way they behave? there's no debate that can happen
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eventually without hitting on numbers and at that point and they are correct and aren't being neglected. that's the place we are starting from in the world we want to create. from fakery of news to fakery of images now. that's not exactly the spin that adobe would like us to put on the way its products are used, but at an event in las vegas it has just unveiled some pretty nifty tools to do just that. we sent richard taylor along to have a look. 12,000 creatives under one roof, all geared up to find out what's next from outfit that literally invented photoshopping. the answer, ai as we've never known it before. take this image of denver where an entire neighbourhood is expunged in a flash and replaced with something more aesthetically pleasing, instead ofjust trying to fill in the area with surrounding pixels, the software can now extract
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meaning from the image and make a substitute from its library of 100 million others. a similar principle is at play here. the plaster now intelligently removed as the software can understand the protrusion in the middle of someone's face as a nose. and say you want to remove something or someone from a video. right now, you could try it frame by painstaking frame. the chance is the result would look crude. but this demo is real. of adobe's products. a research product we may see in a future version of adobe's products. in this era of fake news, the invocations of being able to easily fool your audience are of course potentially troublesome, but adobe is more interested in the creative potential. we are trying to reimagine the entire creative process so you can create the way you want. machines can see patterns and possibilities that we may not be
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able to see immediately. adobe says ai should allow creatives more time for artistic expression and to be creative rather than doing boring and repetitive tasks. they say the creative process should be more efficient and ai can potentially even second—guess our next moves. to illustrate, check out this photo shop prototype which has adobe's ai creative resistance built in. find some images based on my sketch. and within seconds, other space based themes appear space based themes appear based on your very rough sketch of a woman in a spaceship. what you might we thinking all of this is pretty similar to the ai used by google and apple. we have decades and decades of understanding of how people use our tools.
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when one of the best creative artists launches photoshop and they know what's creatively pleasing and aesthetically pleasing, we are learning from that. so, we are not training on just images of cats or dogs, we are training with the world's best people. i'm certainly impressed at how the ai could for example take an image of me and within seconds return matches and then further refine them. the tech also understands 3d, you don't have to be another artist to understand it. few people would argue ai is fantastic in terms of creating efficiencies, but overreliance on our machines instead of amplifying the creative process could eventually end up suppla nting it. i actually don't think so. creatives are distracted by all of the things that take multiple steps, make them suddenly move out of a right brain mode into a procedural left brain mode. i think ai ends up being this muse at the elbow.
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and that's the prevailing view amongst creatives here, keen to embrace the possibilities of an ai world. welcome to the week in tech. it was the week that the hawaiian city of honolulu began fining people $99 for paying too much attention to their smartphone while crossing the road. microsoft announced it has stopped manufacturing its motion sensing controller. and japanese company toyota showed off a concept car with the airbags on the outside in tokyo. meanwhile, nissan revealed the artificially created noise its electric cars will permit. us authorities are insisting all hybrid and electric cars will have to emit sound for safety reasons. amazon now wants to enter its customers homes when making deliveries. the system is called amazon key. trustworthy types who sign up will allow deliveries to be left inside their homes. suspicious people will be able
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to view the delivery on a smart camera that they've left at home. what could possibly go wrong? and creepy or cute? you decide. sony has developed a new winking robot assistants. the robot communicate with users using endearing gestures. it is hoping the cuteness will challenge amazon's echo range. and researchers at harvard have developed a tiny robot that can swim and fly. its flapping wings are used to propel it around when it is underwater. the creators hope one day similar technology could be used in search and rescue robots. this is art in the 21st century. trust me, it is. and it actually looks and sounds great when you are standing in the middle. i'm thinking it has
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a specific sound. the buzzing sound is the electric current that lights the led and it is being translated into a kind of compositional concert. it's got its own groove to it. i like it. this week, i'm wandering the halls of a brand—new installation in the heart of london. it's called everything at 0nce. and if it doesn't actually have everything, it certainly has a lot. it's a mixture of dynamic works like the black pot and static pieces by renowned artists like ai weiwei and anish kapoor. there are also faceless voices describing their near death experiences. i was in hospital and my heart stopped beating. the centrepiece of the exhibition is even more unsettling. i'm about to be subjected to intensely fast flashing images. now, if you'd rather not see them,
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please look away now and come back in a couple of minutes. because i'm about to walk through and on test pattern number 12. it's by a japanese electric artist. the experience is overwhelming. the video moves that more than 100 frames a second and in fact we've had to doctor our footage in order to be allowed to show it on tv. the video frame rate is so high that the black and white is flickering incredibly fast. i can actually see colours in between the black and light, they're moving so fast, there's greys, i'm starting to see yellow and red, maybe that's just because my eyes are exploding, i don't know. ikeda has taken digital files and broken them down into their native zeros and ones.
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it's these binary patterns that are then blasted onto the viewer. after that, time for a drink in a nightclub called ruin. 0nly it looks like i've arrived after the after party. now, earlier we were looking at attempts to combat fake news and so often these days that means the us elections, russia and the like. but it's actually a problem all around the world in different ways. david reid has been looking at the particular issues in india. this summer, mob violence in the eastern state otharkand was sparked by a rumour on whatsapp that child abductors were targeting a tribal community. the story wasn't true but still seven people died in violence. it doesn't take much here for long simmering conflicts to boil over and fake news like this can be just the triggerfor it.
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stories like these are very powerful and can potentially threaten india's often tense communal relations. so much so that now even the police are getting involved in tackling fake news. i visited one of the country's main cyber crime units in hyderabad, the capital of the southern state of telingana. here cyber cops are worried about the threat to law and order by fake stories with the potential to spark riots. police here in best false and inflammatory stories, try to get them taken down and then attempt to prosecute those producing them, but much of india's fake news is spread through the mobile communication platform whatsapp and because it's encrypted, for police here it's a wall. it appears to be a communication problem with whatsapp,
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we try with whatsapp and they say it's not a messaging facility. we need a date and time stamp to prove a case, so that's also not there. something like 200 million people in india use whatsapp. for some the story shared on the platform are there only or main source of news. if the police are hitting a road block with whatsapp‘s end to end encryption, others are trying to utilise fake stories by debunking them. this man is based in gujarat. his website alt news roots out and reveals what's wrong on the web. my guess is it often starts on whatsapp because those who put it on whatsapp know it's difficult to track them down. the people who circulate these videos, they are very well aware that it's a fake video. there's no doubt. videos like this one purported to show a woman being killed
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in india by a muslim mob. it's one of the most grotesque, stomach churning videos you will see. but the harrowing incident it depicts actually took place in central america. this video was easy to debunk. for a lot of videos what we do is break it up into friends, we use google reverse image search and the first google result is that of this girl who was killed in guatemala. she was accused of being an accomplice in a murder, she got caught in a mob and she died. and yet many who saw the video took its claims to be true. the reason is that in india hundreds of millions are encountering the internet for the first time and they lack the media literacy to assess if the news is actually true. we have more than 400 million mobile internet users. 50% of them are using whatsapp.
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whatsapp is the main medium for promoting the fake news. but how many people are aware of the stuff they are forwarding whether it is true or not and whather it's a problem or not, we are not equipped to deal with that and this is an epidemic like situation. it's still early days for the internet in india and as police and journalists battle the fake content that can trigger conflict, many are still prone to manipulation from the lies in their inbox. that was david in india. now, with halloween fast approaching, there are plenty of scary movies around but none of them will be as immersive as a virtual reality horror show. and that's the event that we've sent nick to in covent garden. 0n the way to see a film, a movie, but not as we need know it, in virtual reality.
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i think this is 68a, not your standard cinema. we're in. cinemas, downstairs. there's people down there wearing vr headsets. virtual reality film is super exciting but right now you can only enjoy it in the comfort of your own home and it's not a social experience, we want to bring people together so they can enjoy vr with their friends, family and partner. where am i sitting? excellent. can we get any popcorn? up and over... popcorn, excellent. everyone ready to go? yes. let's do it! showtime! scary suburbia. i'm looking down, i don't have any legs or anything, i'm not a person...
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i've been directed to go down the drain. oh, my goodness! that is it down the drain. are just left that scene. look behind you... a bit unnerving! someone has just appeared in front of me. 0k. we've got a collection of films five to ten minutes each and we're showing them back—to—back in a a0 minute montage. not the first cinema pop—up and it's not cutting hardware but they have got custom... people can have the shared cinema experience of being shocked all at the same time. this is not good.
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this is going to end well, this is going to end very well. i'm burning alive. with several showings starting at the top of the hour, the headsets need to be taken away for charging. it's all very pop—up. but the chaps hope it will get enough hearts racing so they can open up a permanent vr cinema later this year. is this alljust a novelty, though? this is kind of a nightclub in glasgow. ok, that's horrendous. horrendous! that's enough. actually, it was quite fun to bring a group of friends together. to go out and have a shared experience, another group is coming in right now?
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0k. masters of turnaround. we'd better be on our way. nick kwek, always up for an experience and regularly needing a lie down after a shoot because of it. that's it from ruin for this week, don't forget we live on facebook and twitter throughout the week, @bbcclick is where you'll find us. thanks for watching and we'll see you soon. hello, there. it's quite a messy weather picture today. it's windy for all with gales across scotland and northern england and this westerly wind will drive in more cloud along west—facing coasts, some of it thick enough for some light drizzle. but in a little more shelter in eastern areas, we could continue to see some sunshine,
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and if that happens, we will get some warmth, potentially highs of 16 or 17 degrees. but underneath the cloud and the drizzly rain, a little more disappointing. now, as we go through the night, that weather front bringing the cloud and light rain will sink its way steadily south, perhaps lingering across the south—west first thing in the morning. clearer skies and a northerly wind making a chilly start though. then, that's going to be the theme as we move into sunday. lighter winds but from a colour direction coming from the north. and that could just bring a trail of showers down through the north sea coast, elsewhere more sunshine, but a cooler feel — 7—14 degrees. that's going to lead into the potential for a frosty start on monday morning. good afternoon. the spanish government has begun implementing direct rule over catalonia, a day after its parliament declared independence. madrid has stripped the region of its autonomy, and the interior ministry of the national government has taken control of the regional police force.
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our correspondent, gavin lee, reports from barcelona, in catalonia. squashing the insurrection, the spread of headlines across spanish newspapers this morning read the same. the spanish government has opted for the so—called nuclear option

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