tv Beyond 100 Days BBC News November 6, 2017 7:00pm-8:01pm GMT
you're watching beyond 100 days — more revelations from the paradise papers on how the rich and famous avoid taxes. actors, multinationals sports stars, all manner of people mentioned in the leaked papers, which show how they invest their money offshore. british formula one driver lewis hamilton saved millions in vat when he bought this privatejet using the isle of man tax haven. in an interview with the bbc, president trump's commerce secretary denies misleading congress after the leaked documents exposed his involvement in a company with links to the kremlin. did a row with his mother in law lead a shooter in texas to kill 26 people in a small town church. the youngest was just a baby. also on the programme... donald trump tells japan the best way to protect itself from a nuclear—armed north korea is to buy billions of dollars of american military equipment. in germany the latest round of climate talks gets under way —
chaired by fiji, the pacific island that is already paying the price of rising global temperatures. get in touch with us using the hashtag... hello and welcome — i'm katty kay in washington and christian fraser is in london. they are the revelations from millions of leaked documents — dubbed the paradise papers — which show how the rich and powerful try to avoid paying taxes. whether it's a multi—national corporation or household names around the world, they are all accused of using tax havens to dodge paying their fair share to tax authorities. the papers were obtained by the german newspaper sud—deutsche zeitung and shared with the international consortium of investigativejournalists. richard bilton, from the bbc‘s panorama programme, has been poring through the documents — here's his special report. when you hear tax haven you might think palm trees. they're and not all like that.
we have arrived in a little place between belfast and liverpool, this is the isle of man, it is a british crown dependency and it's an important tax haven. we have found that the island offers a special service that the rich and famous love. take formula i world champion lewis hamilton. in 2013 he made a dream purchase, a £16 millionjet. the isle of man gave him back 3.3 million as a vat refund. lewis hamilton had to fly his jet here to the isle of man just once. he came here in 2012 with his then girlfriend, pop star nicole scherzinger. documents show that customs and excise here were happy to come in early at 6am in the morning to sign off on the deal. there are nearly 1000 jets registered here. we believe they come
here because the isle of man don't properly apply the european union and uk rules. now, those rules are very complicated. but if you use your plane for fun you can't get vat refunds. i can't believe i have my own plane still after all these years. look at this post, lewis hamilton is open about using it for fun. he shouldn't have got a full refund. if they are using it for private purposes, the fact that all this money is being refunded is quite shocking. you should not be getting vat back if it is private usage. lewis hamilton's lawyers told us he had a set of professionals in place who run most aspects of his business operations. they said isle of man customs gave informed approval to the scheme. in total the isle of man has handed out more than £790 million in vat refunds to jet leasing companies. isle of man customs has admitted it
has given refunds for personal use ofjets as long as it's mainly used for business. that shouldn't happen. as a result of our investigation they have called in the british government to review its procedures. the paradise papers show there are other secrets on this island. we have found evidence that shows just how far the isle of man government has been prepared to go to help tax dodgers. the european savings directive was an attempt to stop tax evasion across europe. we have found evidence that the isle of man changed one of their laws to help people dodge the new tax. now, you might think getting approvalfor something that could help tax evaders would prove difficult but not on the isle of man. we have letters from lawyers to the island's regulator. if you believe it would be helpful for us to provide you with ideas as to how
to amend the regulations, please let simon and myself no. in switzerland i tracked down the man who drew up that scheme to help tax dodgers. i want to show you something. the one that needed the isle of man to change the law. it's actually changing the laws, the isle of man changing their own laws so this scheme to help tax evaders can work, isn't it? i would agree with you, yes. that is amazing to me, that's amazing. the isle of man's top politician, the chief minister, promised to investigate allegations and apologised if the law was changed for tax dodgers. but what about the regulator himself? did you change the law to help tax dodgers? he is retired now, i tracked him down. no, i think you should help us with this, it was the european savings directive and you changed the law. i have nothing to say. what would you say to our viewers who pay their tax? you should contact
the financial services authority. but the paradise papers have more than faceless financial deals. hello, love, do you want a cup of tea? we think three actors in mrs brown's boys are involved in a tax dodge. i could do with some money to get as a place. patrick hoolahan who plays mrs brown's son dermot. could have stayed in bed a bit longer? fiona delaney, the real—life daughter of mrs brown star brendan 0'carroll. good morning, trevor. and her husband, martin delaney. the dodge involves their wages, orfees, going from the production company to a uk company, then offshore to accompany each has in mauritius. those companies then loaned money to the actors‘ personal accounts tax—free. take fiona delaney. in 16 months her mauritian company lent her over £360,000.
none of the actors answered our questions. i caught up with fiona delaney. it is richard bilton from panorama, can i grab a quick word? she arrived for filming in glasgow. you get paid in mauritius, don't you? what is that all about? and do you pay the loans back? i don't think you pay them back, are you a tax dodger? i don't know who you are. i am from panorama, you are from mrs brown's boys and you are a tax dodger, that's not very funny, is it? more names from the paradise papers, more revelations still to come. richard bilton, bbc news. apple is the world's most valuable company — it has a stash of profits worth hundreds of billions of pounds. yet the leaked documents show how hard the tech giant works to keep its tax bill as low as possible. after ireland banned an arrangement which meant it paid very little tax apple has moved billions tojersey. what it's done is legal.
our business editor simonjack reports. a rapturous reception for the latest iphone. it's the most popular and profitable consumer product of all time. it's generated hundreds of billions in profits for apple since it was introduced ten years ago. what these papers show is just how determined apple has been to keep the tax on those profits as low as possible. and how keen some governments, lawyers, and advisers have been to help them do it. for many years, apple sent profits made outside the americas to ireland where an elaborate corporate structure meant it paid nearly no tax on the billions it was making. taxes that would have been due to the united states where politicians started applying pressure to a defiant apple ceo tim cook. we pay all the taxes we owe, every single dollar. we not only comply with the laws but we comply
with the spirit of the laws. we don't depend on tax gimmicks. so, no more fiendishly complicated tax arrangements, right? wrong. documents obtained from the law firm appleby show that when ireland shut that scheme down, the company went shopping for a new way to keep their tax bills low. a questionnaire was sent to appleby‘s offices in seven tax havens, all british, including questions that made their intention clear. can you confirm that an irish company, meaning an apple subsidiary, can conduct management activities without being subject to taxation in yourjurisdiction? after this offshore beauty parade, apple plumped forjersey and company accounts published since show there's been no discernible increase in the rate of tax paid worldwide. now, let's be clear, apple has done nothing illegal but hundreds of billions of dollars remain tangled in a web
of low tax jurisdictions, seemingly beyond the reach of any government. the tax equivalent of outer space. and, as these documents show, this is a system that has continually eluded international attempts to reform it. the boss of the international organisation trying to fix this problem admits it's a work in progress. changing the rules that make it legal means that very of these companies today pay very little or no tax at all. this is what it's about. this is what is happening and this is what we're working on. apple actually pays a lot of tax, more than any other company in the world, but not as much as many think it should. it's also not alone. 0ther multinationals use similar structures and us companies alone are estimated to have over $2 trillion stashed offshore. the paradise papers show the lengths to which they and their advisers are prepared to go to keep their tax bills low. simon jack, bbc news.
and you saw angel gurria, the secretary—general of the organisation for economic development, simon's report — we'll get more of his thoughts on the paradise papers, in just over 20 minutes‘ time. the paradise papers also include revelations that president trump's commerce secretary, wilbur ross, has business links to russian figures who are currently under us sanctions. mr ross said there was nothing improper about his investments. he also said he was optimistic about a post—brexit free trade deal between the uk and the us. he was speaking to our economics editor kamal ahmed. he has friends in high places. the highest in fact. the president of the united states considers wilbur ross one of his closest allies. today in london and defending allegations that his links to russia were uncomfortably close. i asked him whether a connection to the russian oil firm sibur created a conflict. 0ur government has not thus far made the determination to sanction them so there is nothing wrong.
the fact that it happens to be called a russian company does not mean that there is any evil in it. where there is evil is the mis—statement that i did not disclose those holdings. mr ross said he had fully notified the office of government ethics about his business interests. i asked him whether it was time for all major companies to pay more tax. the right way to deal with it i think is to provide incentives that make the us the attractive place to domicile. the president's idea is buy america, hire america, be american. and therefore pay more tax in america. yes. if we could move on to europe, what type of relationship would be most advantageous to the uk in terms of its relationship to the us post—brexit? well, the uk right now inadvertently has much higher taxes on imports
from the us than the us has on imports from the uk. that's because the uk is bound by the eu system. so we would like to see those barriers come down, come closer to free trade. the eu talks a good job of free trade but in fact it practises extreme protectionism. mr ross was in london selling a positive vision of a post—brexit britain with a free—trade deal with the us. he said he was optimistic that such a deal would be signed. kamal ahmed, bbc news. richard bloom et al has been tweeting about this relationship. this is what he said...
those tweets were posted before wilbur ross spoke to the bbc. maybe it is all secondary to the politics of having these business links with russia. and we haven't heard from senator bluementhal since the response from wilbur ross. this story hasn't got a huge amount of attention in the united states today apart from this angle of the russia ties. for an administration already under several investigations for links to moscow, the fact that this is not brazil, china, or india which
is not brazil, china, or india which is named as the country here, that makes it more tricky for the administration. it is yet another member of the trump administration who seems to have ties to russia will stop wilbur ross points out there is nothing illegal with these ties but the perception is tricky foran ties but the perception is tricky for an administration already under investigation. plenty more to come from the paradise papers. you can find much more analysis of the paradise papers online — and you can watch panorama: britain's 0ffshore secrets exposed tonight at nine o'clock, on the bbc news channel and bbc one. viewers outside of the uk will be able to watch it this coming weekend on bbc world news, at the times listed on your screen — they are gmt. what does it say about american society when the senseless murder of 26 people, ina church, becomes just another statistic? we have become almost inured to the brutality of mass shootings. the definition of a mass shooting is four or more people killed — and sunday's one in texas brings this year's total to 307 — so far. it may have been something
as mundane as a row with his in—laws that led a former air force man to open fire on the church. his mother in law worshipped within the baptist community in sutherland spring and he'd already sent her threatening texts. she wasn't at the service yesterday. from texas james cook reports. yet again it is a time for mourning in america. the masked gunmen was inside the church for a long time, say police. moving around freely, firing with an assault rifle. once he started firing rounds on the outside, what could people inside do? are there too many guns in the us? guns don't kill people, it is the people that kill people. among the dead was an 18—month—old child.
annabel the 14—year—old daughter of the church pastor also died and one family alone lost at least five people leaving their neighbour in shock. i have heard two different stories, i heard that dad was killed and that the mom and daughters were killed. nobody has come to the house yet since last night. police say the killer devin kelley had set threatening texts to his mother—in—law. he had been thrown out of the us air force for assaulting his wife and child. very deranged individual, a lot of problems. we have a lot of mental health problems in our country, as do other countries. but this is not a guns situation. the killer was tackled by a citizen with a gun whojumped in this man's truck to give chase. i did what i thought i needed to do which was they said there was a shooting, i pursued and ijust did what i thought was the right thing. nowhere it seems are
americans safe from bullets. the answer? here they say it is more prayer and more weapons. guns and god. well among those who can provide insight into the many questions now being asked is ron hosko. he's the former assistant director of the fbi — and is now president of the law enforcement legal defense fund. thank you very much for coming in to join me. if you would like to see one thing changing america that might stop others from having quite so might stop others from having quite so many of these mass killings, 307 already this year, what would it be? a couple of things. one, most certainly there is a connection between these active shooters and mental illness, serious depression. and i don't think there is adequate
connectivity between the fbi, their database, that would make someone a prohibited possessor of a weapon and the data from doctors and mental health situations that say someone is seriously ill and should not possess a weapon. there is not enough connectivity. this person was prevented from owning a weapon by the state of texas. someone who has shown a propensity for violence and violence to a child and we are hearing more today about a propensity to violence. so more enforcement of the existing rules rather than numerals. so in a country where there are £270 million, has congress accepted that this is the cost of living in
american society? congress should be doing more to push the mental health professionals and the states to collect that data and push it to the fbi so that their database has the maximum potential impact. that would ideally prevent somebody from like this purchase is guns. there are certainly other holes in the system. 0ne certainly other holes in the system. one is the gun show loophole. i think it is outside of a gun show where i can sell katty a gun and there would be no record of it. lot of people say there is always policy when it is somebody like a an uzbek who most are people in new york but we never have policy when people are white and middle—aged. any time one of these events
happens, you start having a conversation about gun control. 0ne way of controlling prohibited offenders from having a gun is by having robust data and having the gunshot data and others saying there is no good for you. there is a lot of other ways to kill people, we saw one of those in new york recently so there is a lot of work to do in america. a lot of a lot of people in america. a lot of a lot of people in america have mental health problems and yet do not kill people. isn't theissue and yet do not kill people. isn't the issue still that if you have access to guns, if you have mental health, you might shoot somebody but if there is the gun, it is is the problem? i think part of the issue is the lack of broad—based mental health care that results in so many
people being institutionalised, not ina people being institutionalised, not in a mental health treatment facility but in prison. that has to be resolved. we are never going to get the system perfect but we have to start taking steps in the right direction. 0ne to start taking steps in the right direction. one of the things that you see over and over again is that there are almost always pre—event indicators. the immediate family and close friends, those people who observe every day can say something is changing, something is contextually inappropriate, the focus on contextually inappropriate, the focus on weapons, contextually inappropriate, the focus on weapons, threatening text, we are hearing evidence of it in this case. we are not that good about seeing something and saying something. i can very much indeed. very interesting. we will see what donald trump says when he is about it. he is injapan at the moment. just before we go to the break, we have got some nice pictures of him
and prime minister abe injapan. a great photo opportunity. they have a box of coy carp food and spoons. you get the sense that after five or six throws, they get a bit bored of this. mr abe does. throws, they get a bit bored of this. mrabe does. he throws, they get a bit bored of this. mr abe does. he chucks his in and donald trump falls follow suit. somehow feeding fish has got onto the agenda when they are on the trip. you can just the agenda when they are on the trip. you canjust think the agenda when they are on the trip. you can just think of them thinking, this wasn't one of the things we should be doing on the world stage. prime minister abe taking the lead. a whole lot of people are saying they have given too much food to the fish. 0ne people are saying they have given too much food to the fish. one new line on the harassment story in the
uk. we've been following it over the last week. the prime minister has sent out an announcement and she has said there is a completely new grievance procedure for parliament that will come into effect in the new year. she has been meeting with the party leaders today and they have agreed that there should be a com pletely have agreed that there should be a completely new grievance procedure for staff working here. if there has been sexual harassment or bullying of any sort employees should feel co mforta ble of any sort employees should feel comfortable that they are able to come forward. meanwhile, a man has been charged with assault after attacking us senator rand paul. it's not known what prompted the attack. ajudge in not known what prompted the attack. a judge in belgium not known what prompted the attack. ajudge in belgium has ordered the release of the catalan leader carles puigdemont. he is wanted on charges
including rebellion and sedition. extradition proceedings could begin within two weeks. catalonia made a unilateral declaration of independence, you may remember, last month. plenty more to come. we will be hearing from the head of the oecd. be hearing from the head of the 0ecd. you are watching 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news — as climate change talks begin in germany, we go live to fiji where the race to stop rising sea levels gets more frantic by the day. and next stop seoul — as president trump leaves tokyo to continue his asian tour, what advice did he have for the japanese when it comes to containing north korea?
that's still to come. monday has allowed autumn to show a variety of faces across the british isles. it depended way you spend the day. in the north—west, cloudy, wet and windy. after a chilly start further south, a glorious sort of a day. sunshine for the greater part of the day. cloud eventually tempering the sunshine if not robbing you of it altogether. that cloud is going to be quite important. that will help to keep temperatures up. slow progress on this weather front. cloudy, temperatures up. slow progress on this weatherfront. cloudy, wet, and windy weather already over the north west of scotland. gradually it moves to other northern and western parts of the british isles. temperatures will be closer towards the front but behind it they may dip away. so,
little bit of sunshine north of the great glen, perhaps. everywhere south, from the west through to wales and the south—west, a combination of wet and windy weather. another cloud for the odd showery burst ahead of that through the south—west. further east, some sunshine to start of the day. you may hang onto it for a few hours. this frontal system only moving very slowly indeed. it will be well into the afternoon before it shows its hand down towards the wash and into sussex. a combination of sunny spells and showers. those clouds wanting to clear again. so into wednesday we might have a widespread frost. particularly in rural areas
and in western britain. don't be surprised if the morning looks like that. wednesday, giving me the sense that. wednesday, giving me the sense that it might look just that. wednesday, giving me the sense that it might lookjust a little bit like monday with a eventually more cloud and wind and rain showing its hand through the north west of scotland. this is beyond one hundred days, with me katty kay in washington — christian fraser's in london. president trump's commerce secretary denies misleading congress after leaked documents, known as the paradise papers, exposed his involvement in a company with links to russia. the papers also reveal tech giant apple has a pile of cash worth tens of billions of dollars injersey where it pays no tax coming up in the next half hour — president trump continues his tour of asia and tells tokyo to buy more american weapons, to shoot down north korean missiles. we report live from the fijian island where climate change is forcing families from their homes.
let us know your thoughts by using the hashtag... 'beyond—0ne—hundred—days' most people don't understand the complexities of offshore tax. they have no need to — they don't have enough money to consider the schemes and arrangements on offer. but the paradise papers provide us with a unique insight into how some of our biggest organisations, and the super rich, do it — to avoid the taxes they might pay. it's legal but it certainly doesn't feel fair. for years the 0ecd has been looking at the tapestry of schemes and networks that exist and trying to find ways to close the loop holes, for the benefit of cash strapped governments. today the 0ecd secretary—general angel gurria was in london — so i asked him, what has changed. isn't it still one rule for the rich and another for everyone else? you are talking about legacy, the
past, this is the way it used to be, the past that is haunting us, we are dismantling these structures. the panama papers and the paradise papers show some accounts which may be in the taxman or tax woman's desk in the next few months. there is now automatic exchange of tax information, which there was not in the past. we are moving along because they came politically impossible and intolerable to continue to have the situation. you stated in the past, the files reveal america's most profitable company, apple, shopped around europe and the caribbean for a new tax scheme after senate enquiry found they had moved tens of billions of dollars. even after they had been found out they
we re after they had been found out they were looking for ways to shelter the money. well, of course they will probably always continue to do that. the question is how to convince them there is nowhere to hide. what happens now apple has been fined 13 billion figures they were found to have received state aid, the equivalent of these tax facilities. now they have to pay this, it even to ireland or somebody. i believe this belongs mostly to the united states. when the united states changes their tax laws and they allow for the repatriation of these profits, that are parked abroad. important to point out these companies have not done anything illegal. they are bending the rules? listen, what they are doing is using the rules to their advantage. therefore what we should do is change the rules. donald trump at the moment slashing corporate tax
rates, maybe people are saying if we had to pay tax move to the countries where there is a low corporate tax rates. a race to the bottom. where there is a low corporate tax rates. a race to the bottomm where there is a low corporate tax rates. a race to the bottom. if a country can lower its tax rates and still make ends meet, and have sound public finances, well, so much the better? the only question is you have a tax rate, high or low, do not give sweet are deals to any particular company, do not give privileges or prerogatives to any company tax wise, so they will come and establishing your company. if you have lower overall tax rates, companies come because they feel attracted by that, that is it, there will be other elements, like productivity, the overall loss to do business. the skill centre. can we
get you said reversing a decision on brexit would benefit the uk economy. the prime minister has been addressing the cbi, she says we should go forward with rational optimism. it is inconsistent to say we believe it cost something to go through brexit, that not going through brexit, that not going through brexit, that not going through brexit would save you money. we continue to believe that. we are 110w we continue to believe that. we are now of course working with the uk, for the now of course working with the uk, forthe uk, to now of course working with the uk, for the uk, to make the process as smooth and seamless as possible. do you believe the europeans are doing that in an honest manner? extending the negotiating position is a political decision? it took 40 years to create the common market, and the european union. there is absolutely
no reason why you should try to do it in two years, because it is written on some piece of paper. the transitions that you need, you should take, the terms you should take. that goes for the europeans, who want a good deal, as much as for the uk, who want a good deal. therefore, if you have both of the parties involved wanting an efficient, least disruptive deal possible, then of course take as much time as you need. 2017 is amongst the most warm on record according to the royal meet a radical society. —— meter logical society. the research was presented on the opening day of the un climate
talks gerry change talks. the first major summit of the international community is president trump took the us out of the paris agreement. climate change talks may be taking place in germany, but they are hosted by fiji, already feeling the impact of rising sea levels. starting to relocate low—lying coastal towns, with significant human and financial costs. let's get more from a correspondent in fiji. thank you forjoining us. tell us the situation in fiji making it the host of these climate change talks. how bad is it being felt there? the fiji government has identified 68 coastal communities, little villages which need to be relocated. they are going to feel the impact of climate change. four those villages,
including one we had just been to, they have already been evacuated and moved to higher ground. the coastal areas around her, trees, exposed roots, it is more the human cost that the fiji government knows its people are feeling. is fiji confident that hosting this conference is going to give them an opportunity to put their case to developed countries? basically developing countries like fiji are paying the price of the excesses of the developed countries? yes, indeed they are. also taking notjust fiji's case, but also their pacific island neighbours. fiji is one of the lucky ones. there are coastal communities having to relocate, kitty vass does not have the luxury. two, three metres higher. they have
nowhere to go to. that is why the government has bought five and a half thousand acres of fijian man. they are planning to grow produce on that land. fiji is hoping that by taking their neighbours and their own cases to the world stage, people will wake up and realise there are real people affected. barbara what's happening if the predictions are correct? the sea may rise by up to 18 centimetres by 2030. does not sound a lot, but a low—lying land, that will be quite devastating? absolutely. already in the village we went to yesterday, which has been abandoned because of rising sea levels, what would happen the higher tides willjust keep getting higher, storm surges would increasingly
sweep through the village. became very u nsafe sweep through the village. became very unsafe for the people there. they had to move. it is no easy task. costing around £300,000 just to move that land. if there is another 67 communities that has seen move, that is a big costs. also it is the emotional cost. if you can imagine having to leave behind the graves of iran censors, loved ones, pa rents. graves of iran censors, loved ones, parents. it has been a huge emotional ride for the people who have had to be relocated, and there are many more to come. thank you very much. christian and i tried to promote the whole programme from fiji. somehow our paymasters decided that stretch the budget. the 32—year—old crown prince of saudi arabia is making a huge power grab — with the surprise arrests of dozens of the most influential figures
in the kingdom this weekend and officials say there are more to come. mohammed bin salman, rounded up ministers, businessmen and 11 of his own royal cousin. the arrests were presented as a crackdown on corruption. but to many this looked like the crown prince consolidating his own position. among those detained, one of the world's richest investors prince alwaleed bin talal, and prince mutaib bin abdullah, a key rival to the crown prince. frank gardner has spent years reporting in saudi arabia is with us. what do you think is going on? these are absolutely seismic changes for saudi arabia. a country not used to sudden and big change, they're getting it in the space of 48 hours, a missile attack on riyadh airport. helicopter crash where prince ‘s eye. this extraordinary public humiliating round—up of establishment figures. people right at the top of saudi society. they are people who stand in the way the prince ‘s total mass mentor power for himself. in terms of business,
the most important person, whose wealth is estimated at $25 billion, he is now reportedly being detained in great comfort, it has to be said at the ritz—carlton hotel in riyadh, alongside 30 others. the most important political figure prince abdullah, heading the national guard in saudi arabia. the national guard is almost like a third force. it is the praetorian guard, that offends the praetorian guard, that offends the interest of the ruling family. whoever controls that is really in charge of the internal power base. he has basically brought that under his control. he has the whole lot of the army, the ministry of interior and the national guard. no one left with a power base to challenging. younger saudis are welcoming this. fed up with seeing their country's wealth squandered. enormous disparity is well. there are a
number of poor saudis. the young guard see him as the future. the old guard see him as the future. the old guard are not happy. guard see him as the future. the old guard are not happylj guard see him as the future. the old guard are not happy. i bet they are not, even if they are put up at the ritz—carlton. i live in saudi arabia in the 1970s. there were still stories of brothers deposing brothers, multiple coups. i guess we thought those days were over. when one member of the royalfamily thought those days were over. when one member of the royal family tried to grab power in this way. does this suggest it is not? i'm amazed you we re suggest it is not? i'm amazed you were alive in the 1970s. you can come on any time. not that kind of come on any time. not that kind of come on. in all seriousness, this has been described by bruce reidel, at the brookings institute, the most volatile period in saudi arabia's is to be in 50 years. king faisal was
assassinated in 1975. they have had up assassinated in 1975. they have had up evils, the oil shock of the invasion of kuwait. nothing quite like this. always been enormous respect, a toe curling deference to these unelected super—rich princes. to be taken down publicly like this is really quite unprecedented. as i said just now to christian, there will be people in the old guard conservative people who do not like the direction he is going to. the bigger backdrop, president trump came to saudi arabia in may, i cover the trip, a huge success. many saudis consider he gave the green light to crown prince mohammed bin salman to do what he wants. that is the view in saudi arabia. so interesting. the president trump make progress in
his trade trip to japan. a man has been convicted of murdering his toddler daughter in cardiff, just two weeks after formally adopting her. matthew scully—hicks, who's 31, inflicted numerous injuries on 18—month—old elsie over an eight—month period. here's our wales correspondent sian lloyd. baby elsie, ba by elsie, matthew baby elsie, matthew scully—hicks found guilty of murder. the fitness instructor has been covering up months of abuse to social services and key workers. this was the recording of the moment.
her injuries included a fractured skull, several broken ribs and a broken leg. there was evidence of recent and 0ldham bleeding in her brain. consistent with having been struck by ha rd consistent with having been struck by hard object. the prosecution said matthew scully—hicks were struggling to cope with her. in text to his husband working your way, he called a psycho, and satan dressed up to baby grow. matthew scully—hicks had applied to a doctor through the vale of glamorgan council. he had been abusing the girl while social services were supervising the adoption process. the actions of social workers, together with the other agencies involved with the family will now be scrutinised by an independent review. matthew scully—hicks will be brought back to
court tomorrow, to be sentenced for the murder of his adopted daughter. you're watching beyond one hundred days. golf, burgers and north korea were on the menu for president trump injapan today. the us president celebrated his strong relationship with prime minister abe and pushed for a robust response to pyongyang's nuclear ambitions. the two leaders said they would work together to ‘stand against the north korean menace'. long ago on a trip to tokyo, donald trump is reported to have called the imperial palace and the martyn day meeting with the emperor. today he finally got his wish. he also got a much grander welcome dan is normal, for what is not a state visit. in
deeper rock courtyard of the palace, he got the full treatment. prime minister scully—hicks at his side. —— prime minister abe by his side. japan is running at the red carpet, showing that the us is their best friend in asia. it also presents nervousness about president trump's intentions. for one, the us president is no fan of imported japanese cars. today he told business leaders here he would not allow them to continue flooding into the united states. right now, our trade with japan is not fair, and it is not open. i know it will be soon. we won three and reciprocal trade. but right now our trade with japan is not three and it is not reciprocal. as they met for lunch,
the biggest concern for both leaders was north korea and its missile. two which recently have flown over japan. mrabe which recently have flown over japan. mr abe was asked if he agreed with president trump that they should start shooting them down. translation: as far as shooting down missiles, we will shoot them down if necessary. we will coordinate closely with the united states. at that president trump appeared to swat away reducing japan's huge trade surplus with united states. swat away reducing japan's huge trade surplus with united stateslj will say, if i can take a piece of the prime minister'sa nswer. will say, if i can take a piece of the prime minister'sanswer. he will shoot them out of the sky when you com plete shoot them out of the sky when you complete the purchase of a lot of additional military equipment from the united states. will easily shoot them at the sky. for president trump this visit has been a success. avoiding any serious gaffes, and in prime minister abe, he has found a
kindred spirit. he should not expect the same as his next up, in south korea. and with me now is sheila smith a senior fellow forjapan studies at the council on foreign relations. first of all explained in relations between abe and donald trump. they do not seem like natural bedfellows? you are right. prime minister abe may be a mature to president—elect trump before he was in office. he did not know him, never met him. a new phase in american politics. the alliance is very important to japan. prime minister abe has encouraged the personal relationship. they have met five times including this visit. speaking on the phone 16 times over the course of the year. what donald trump seems to be doing is pushing prime minister abe to take more robust response to north korea. if
you buy american weaponry you can shoot down north korean missiles. is he encouraging japan to be more militarised? i think so, he encouraging japan to be more militarised? ithink so, he he encouraging japan to be more militarised? i think so, he made a comment that china better watch out, if they do not cooperate over north korea they will have a warriorjapan to deal with. he's playing with the threat of a more militarised japan to emphasise the chinese responsibility for the problem. abe wa nts to responsibility for the problem. abe wants to buy more capabilities, japan need them because of the missile threat. this is a question that will be a deeply troubling one inside japan. the japanese people may not appreciate the pace the president is encouraging the premise that. a lot of leaders in europe will not see it why would donald trump. waiting for the time he's not there. is it different for prime minister abe? he watches the united states and gets nervous donald trump may not be there for the duration? two things are important here. the
japanese, the liberal democrats, his party are a conservative party. there has been a traditional sympathy for the republican party in the united states. the other piece, the united states. the other piece, the personal piece is important. mr abe has avoided chastising mr trump, taking him on in terms of the issues relating to democratic practice. what many of the european leaders worry about. on the reverse side president trump has not put the same kind of pressure onjapan he has put on the trade front on his european allies. chancellor angular merkel, or even south korea. he basically lay down the law in the middle of the north korean crisis, the trade agreement with soul had to be renegotiated. he has not done that to prime minister abe. the prime minister encouraging a more private negotiation on economics. we talked
before about the misconception that japan isa before about the misconception that japan is a pacifist nation. it does not want to become a militarised nation. has the debate changed, and they may react differently to shooting down missiles?” they may react differently to shooting down missiles? i think you are both right. i am working on a book actually addressing this question. japan has been rearmed for decades. it has one of the most professional and competent militaries. technologically advanced militaries. technologically advanced militaries in asia. what is different, the japanese are hesitant about the use of force. the conditions in which they are permitted under the current gaza jewish and to use force. in the public domain there is a very strong consensus that japan should use force only in self—defence. not for offensive purposes. as japan's neighbours get more lethal in their military capabilities, the japanese will have to think carefully about how this question on the use of
force affects their posture. i know this seems crazy, it is election day in united states again. a view races that are important. one of which in virginia. i will head down to richmond virginia, the capital, about two hours south of washington, dc. a world away from the nation's capital. feeling very southern. we will report on the governor's race. a bellwether proxy for the bigger debate between democrats and republicans. we will be in richmond virginia. in what sense, a bellwether? are they voting on trump, all issues closer to home? virginia has been a swing state, a state traditionally southern. areas
very conservative. a big influx of immigrants. becoming more democratic. this particular race is interesting. the republican candidate has not allowed donald trump to come and campaign for him. he has adopted a lot of the anti—immigrant, more hardline message is, what we may call donald trump's policy. the democratic candidate, he has been trying to put over aymore moreira, classic century, democratic message. the question about virginia, can all of the anti—trump feeling amongst democrats, the base being riled up, the anger you feel in the resistant movement, does it translate into votes a nd movement, does it translate into votes and a winning? that is the big question in virginia? can democrats feel they can actually win with his opposition to donald trump? that will be the interesting question.
plus richmond is really nice. who is coming to keep the company? my son. who is studying. and ron christie. look forward to it. monday it has allowed orton to show a variety of phases across the british isles. depends what you happen to spend a day. to the north—west, cloudy, wet and windy. chilly start further south. turning into a glorious sort of day. plenty of sunshine across central and eastern parts. west, the cloud tempering the sunshine, if not robbing you. last night temperatures dipping away, tonight, they will be there for many of you. keeping temperatures up. slow progress on the weather front. cloudy and windy
weather already there across the north west of scotland. gradually seeping its way into northern and western parts of the british isles. further east, not enough clout to keep temperatures up. closer to the front. behind it, we may well see temperatures dipping away at the skies begin to clear later on in the night. sunshine north of the great glen. anywhere on this diagonalfor the north—east of scotland, and through the southern uplands, to the western side of england, wales, down to the south—west of england, you have the combination unfortunately of wet and windy weather. enough clout for the odd shower reversed. coming through the west country, maybe the west midlands. further east, sunshine to start off the day. you may just hang east, sunshine to start off the day. you mayjust hang on for a few hours or so. frontal system already moving in slowly. well on into the afternoon before any of the rain shows its hand down to the wash, and
sussex. behind it, sunny spells. the sky is showing signs of wanting to clear again. as we take on tuesday, pushing into wednesday, again quite a widespread frost across particularly rural areas of central and western britain. don't be surprised if the morning looks rather like that if you happen to be away from the frontal system. about hanging on to east anglia and parts of the south—east. wednesday, giving me the sense it may look a little more like monday. eventually more clout and wind and rain showing its hand across the north west of scotland. take care, goodbye. this is bbc news. i'm reeta chakrabarti. the headlines at eight. more revelations from the leaked paradise papers suggest tech giant apple has tens of billions of pounds injersey where it pays no tax. british formula one driver lewis hamilton avoided vat when he bought a privatejet by using the isle of man tax haven. and three actors in the bbc‘s
mrs brown's boys are accused of diverting their fees through mauritius — and cutting their income tax. officials say the gunman sent threatening text messages to his mother—in—law in the days before the attack, which killed 26 people in a rural church. a british charity worker is killed in nigeria, three weeks after he was kidnapped by militants. three others have been freed.