tv Fighting Forest Faiths BBC News November 18, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm GMT
hello. this is bbc news. the headlines: tens of thousands of people are on the streets in zimbabwe, calling for president mugabe to resign. he's been under house arrest, apart from one public appearance yesterday, since the army seized power on wednesday. richard leonard is the newly elected scottish labour leader, replacing kezia dugdale who stepped down in august. police and air accident investigators search for clues as to why two aircraft collided over buckinghamshire, leaving four people dead. hundreds of volunteers assist dorset police in searching for missing teenager gaia pope, who disappeared 11 days ago. a tax on single—use plastic products, such as food packaging trays and polystyrene takeaway boxes, is being considered, to try and cut ocean pollution. the chancellor is expected to announce the measure in next week's budget. malcolm young, co—founder and
guitarist obvious chilean rock band ac/dc has died aged 64. he founded the group in the 1970s with his brother angus, retiring more than 40 yea rs later to brother angus, retiring more than 40 years later to receive treatment for dementia. now on bbc news, ‘fighting forest faiths‘ investigates the impact of the palm oil industry on traditional tribes in sumatra. the 0rang rimba tribes have lived here for centuries, their land rights and faith are not recognised by the state of indonesia. the surrounding majority muslim population cause them kubu.
surrounding majority muslim population cause them kubum surrounding majority muslim population cause them kubu. it is like garbage, you cannot even look at it. it is disgusting. and their forests are disappearing at one of the fastest rate in the world. not long ago this was decorated forest, a hunting ground for the 0rang rimba, but has recently been cleared to make way for palm oil. now the 0rang rimba are being forced into a stark choice. convert to a state religion or staff. —— staff. we are travelling in some of the
world boult last remaining traces of ra i nfo rest world boult last remaining traces of rainforest and sumatra. to meeting the 0rang rimba, the people of the jungle. they are trying to preserve their nomadic way of life against a enormous pressure. from the moment they are born, 0rang rimba are connected to the trees. 0utsiders are not allowed to witness or film originals but we have been given rare a ccess . originals but we have been given rare access. this man and his wife, elders of the tribe, explained their birthing rituals. everyone in the jungle everyone in thejungle has everyone in the jungle has their own trees, even the dead ones. they have to look after it, they call it their sister or the elder sister or older brother. from when they are born
until death, always they are connected to the jungle. this man is an anthropologist who has lived with the 0rang rimba four yea rs. has lived with the 0rang rimba four years. —— women. has lived with the 0rang rimba four years. -- women. many of their goals are animals. the tiger may be the most powerful, and they also have something they worship the god of the water spring, and they believe that they cannot do anything bad to the water, they will never defecate or put soap in the water, so you can straightaway drink. they take me deeper into the jungle, to their cost 0dile forest for the strike. the home of the sacred trees. —— cost 0dile forest. the forest is also a valuable source of medicinal plants. this is the
anti—malaria planned, so it has to be boiled up and then drank, it is a very kind of sour taste, bitter taste. it is used here to prevent or treat malaria. we are stopping to arrest and food is quickly found. sweet potato dug up from the jungle, and meat from last night's hunt. they are approached —— their approach to food is most different to other indonesians, they eat wild pigs, but will not eat domesticated animals. sneh, for, pick, bats. different kinds of letters for example. muslims will not eat there
is, and 0rang rimba do not eat chicken or cows or anything that is domesticated. they believe it is only fair to fight for their food. but in this hunt today, like most days, has found no animals. he is bringing home nothing to feed his family. his forest is gone. and this is why. indonesia is now the world's largest exporter of palm oil, a product found in supermarkets all over the world. in my lifetime, 30 plus years, more
than half of the metropolis like force have disappeared. they are replaced by monoculture palm oil plantations. this would have all been thick rainforest not that long ago, it is now a palm oil plantation and, as we have been driving along it has just been rows and rows of palm oil trees. here in this land that was the home of the 0rang rimba. 0rang rimba's forests have become someone else's, private land. i get igeta i get a sense of this suspicion and mistrust when we enter a nearby village with our 0rang rimba guides. we're just about to head into the
0rang rimba area, or the poorest, and wejust 0rang rimba area, or the poorest, and we just that at his place for lunch, and within minutes a whole group of officials from the local government have come in and are asking lots of questions, they want to see my id card, they want to know what we're doing here. the 0rang rimba they were brought as you say this represents the pressure that they have from the authorities, they are not accepted or treated with suspicion where ever they go. with the rapid rate of deforestation, social pensions are rising. there is now a push by the state to rein in the 0rang rimba. i meted the social affairs minister. indonesia's presidentjoko widodo has bowed to slow down the rapid rate of deforestation and to protect forests like the 0rang rimba's, but his minister is reluctant to make
promises. the fact that the central government is seemingly powerless to stop the deforestation is a sensitive topic. the palm oil plantations have moved into the sacred forests of the 0rang rimba. there is something else on the horizon, too. islam. 58 families from the treaty tribe of 0rang rimba converted en masse to islam just a few months ago. the now islamic missionary is here to make sure the new faith is practised. the whole tribe where picked up by
islamic vigilante groups and government officials, and bust into the nearest city boss mike keeping close to where —— they have to wear headscarves. he is certain he is doing the right thing. but it was notjust but it was not just the afterlife that this tribe was thinking about when they converted. it was
surviving this one. every dry season fires burned across our trial, covering the region in a toxic haze. slash and burn in, the quickest and cheapest way to clear the forest to make way for plantations. i covered the fires in 2015, a longer dry season that year made them catastrophic. 500,000 people were affected and dozens died from breathing problems. when the fires were finally out, yusuf‘s tribe's forced home was gone. with no hope of returning to the old
ways and after years of living on the edge of the village, they decided to try to control some of their children into the local school. they were told they had to convert. since his conversion, yusuf has officially taken the wise. he tells me that is allowed in islam. injust a few months, they are lies have dramatically changed. —— lives. a belief in one of the six recognised religions of indonesia must be stated in order to get an identity card, otherwise you don't officially exist. what about the 0rang rimba religion,
or the brief they hold? this man was one of the first 0rang rimba to convert into thousand nine. he was the cost 0dile chief of his tribe, and a respected figure. for him, the promise of an afterlife is what convinced him. but he strongly disagrees with the mass convergence now taking place. he says it is about clearing the forest of 0rang rimba, making land grabbing easier. indigenous rights bodies have been
fighting to have the hundreds of faiths practised across indonesia recognised. it is so painfulthat faiths practised across indonesia recognised. it is so painful that we have been round, even before they arrive, the new religion arrived, those religions who believe in god, but now it is like they rule us. they want to clean cars from this country. —— clean cars from this country. —— clean cars from this country. they took the state of the constitutional kurt, who ruled last week there should be space on identity cards for all faiths. the government wants the 0rang rimba can assimilate, and has built a number of housing estates for them. most have failed. this man takes me to one of them without forests to hunt n on land to grow crops, the 0rang rimba who have stayed here are relied on hand—outs. today an islamic charity group has
come. bags of fresh beef are slaughtered cal, an obligation, he says, to mark the islamic veil sacrifice. —— slaughtered calf. for the poor people, so... some of the 0rang rimba go decals. miller magnate everything. bout it is a sacred food, they would eat something that has been kept. sacred food, they would eat something that has been kept] sacred food, they would eat something that has been kept. , no, they eat everything. religious conservativism is on the rise in indonesia, wiping away the hundreds of indigenous faiths and rituals. despite the intense pressure, this man is holding out. he says he will never convert. plantations are edging closer to his
tribe's area, and the scars on the jungle are everywhere. his son is now trying to have this forest recognised as there is, following a recent landmark court ruling on indigenous land rights. but to do that he too has converted. he worries if he doesn't fight back that one day his children but be left only with stories to tell about the 0rang rimba tribe, once upon a time they were the people of the forest, but they are no longer. he chants.
the weather is looking mixed across the uk at the moment. we have some sunny spells at across the south—west, but overall the bulk of southern britain is actually stuck underneath the cloud with some rain around, not a pleasant afternoon at all. not a huge area of cloud but pretty miserable underneath. it was the north, cloudy broken up, we have some sunny spells and these guys are going to be clearing right across the country through the course of the country through the course of the night, it will be turning cold. still very damp across the south, if
not wet, by roundabout midnight on the last of the rangers star to clear. the south coast will be out into the channel, clearing skies right across the uk. early hours of sunday, temperatures may be as low as minus five celsius in rural areas. not in the south—west, mild but plus four or five. for most buyers, a chilly start, a touch of frost will stop 9am, it is looking chilly across scotland and england, belfast not quite so cold. many of these eastern, central and southern areas will be waking up to a cold and frosty morning. eight celsius in plymouth, mild, sign of things to come from roundabout late sunday onwards. i'll then as low pressure, winds are changing direction, coming from the south—west, mild direction, so the temperatures were actually be rising through the course of sunday
night. way out towards the west here, that low pressure will be barrelling end, ahead of it's still pretty cold, but on balance it will end up being a mild, damp night across many western areas. monday, low pressure right over us, soggy weather with the low pressure also coming a lot of mild airfrom the atlantic, that will be heading our way through much of the week. temperatures of 13 celsius, looks like tuesday and possibly wednesday as well but another area of low pressure. more rain around, tebbit is getting up to around 14 celsius. any far north, it was be fairly chilly, we will keep those single figures for most of this week. this is bbc news. i'm lukwesa burak. the headlines at three: tens of thousands of people are on the streets in zimbabwe,
calling for president mugabe to resign. new zimbabwe, freedom has finally come! i don't know how to express it because i can't believe it, it's like i'm dreaming! richard leonard is the newly elected scottish labour leader, replacing kezia dugdale, who stepped down in august. police and air accident investigators search for clues as to why two aircraft collided, leaving four people dead. also in the next hour... taxing takeaway boxes to tackle what's described as a "global emergency". the chancellor is considering measures to help cut the 12 tonnes of plastic going into the oceans every year, often found inside birds, fish and sea mammals.