this is bbc news. after the steepest fa re this is bbc news. after the steepest fare increase for five years, campaign is one that commuters are being priced off railways. we do not know why we have to pay so much money for such a bad service.“ know why we have to pay so much money for such a bad service. if i am not more than five minutes early, lam am not more than five minutes early, i am differently not going to get a seat. nhs england has been urging hospitals to be spawned all non—urgent surgery until the jury, to ease pressure on the hill service. the white house wants an emergency security council meeting to discuss the protest in iran. the west coast of ireland is taking the brunt of storm eleanor, gusts will batter the united kingdom overnight. and how to cut down on snacks. children eat half their sugar intake
in healthy treats. and spurs lead swa nsea. in healthy treats. and spurs lead swansea. we will get you the latest. good evening. welcome to bbc news. the biggest hike in train fares for five years. the average price for tickets rose by 3.15 with some commuter spending as much as £5,000 on season tickets. the industry said it will mean better services and investment but unions have said that consumers will be priced out, as the burden falls increasingly on passengers. this report contains flashing images.
it's one of the most reliable things on the railway. every january without fail, the fares go up. this year's rise is especially steep, the highest in five years. this is a busy commuter line, people coming in from cambridgeshire and hertfordshire into london. plenty of people on this train are just a few pounds shy of the £5,000 club. £5,000 for an annual season ticket. that's gone up by about £600 in the last five years. price rises have been relentless. other countries in europe don't pay anywhere near as much as we do and their services tend to be better than ours. i could be taking home more of my salary if i was working back home in hertfordshire. but most job opportunities for young graduates are down in london. average fares across britain go up by 3.4%. season tickets, which are budgeted by the government, go up by 3.6%. it adds more than £140 to a ticket between crewe and preston. if you commute into london
from swindon, it's now £300 more expensive, and the glasgow edinburgh commuter goes up by £136. different parts of the country, but most people have similar gripes. it's pretty disgusting. you're not even guaranteed a seat. i think it's wrong. i travel around cardiff quite a lot using the train, i find it quite convenient and i find it quite affordable. it compares quite well with the bus and driving. better service, please, more trains and there will be more people. they'll get people off the roads then. this is where a lot of the money is going. london bridge hasjust had a £1 billion makeover. and there's a whole new line coming under london, crossrail. the government says it's investing record amounts to improve the trains, but it's also changing who foots the bill. a smaller proportion now comes from the taxpayer, which means more has to come from ticket sales. for every pound a passenger
pays in fares, 97p goes directly into running and improving the railway. also with more people using the railway, it means we'll have more money to invest. campaigners argue that some people are being priced off the railways. this graph shows what's been happening to rail fares in recent years. and here's what's been happening to the average pay packet. you can see fares have often been outstripping wages. labour want to re—nationalise the railways. if we can continue to make savings by bringing the railways back into public ownership, stop wasting money on franchising, stop wasting money on the complexity of the arrangements between the different companies, and we don't pay out dividends to state—owned companies across the channel who are here as abellio and arriva, we can keep that money in—house. as many of our trains get busier, the annual fare rise looks set to stay.
the transport secretary has been defending himself against criticism for travelling to the middle east on the day that the fare entries came into force. he said it is correct for passengers to pay for improvements to the network. the reality, we have people who do not use railways, contributing to tax systems of this major investment programme. it is a decision that we have taken, where to draw the line. we do not want the taxpayer paying more for railways, or the farepayer paying more either. 0verall proportion is about right. i want to get fa res proportion is about right. i want to get fares down, different arrangements. we can talk to phil
hague, journalist. transport it is good to see you. thank you. i do not know if you heard chris grayling there. the percentage of costs of running the british railway system, 70% from tickets, and commuters, 30% taxation. the transport secretary seems happy. does that make sense? taxation. the transport secretary seems happy. does that make sense7|j seems happy. does that make sense?” would like to see the proportion go more in favour of passengers, so that the rpm less in increases. the country benefits from having a good and decent network. it helps ease wrote congestion, if people can travel by the train instead. it is proper that taxpayers pay a share of the whole system cost. but i think passengers are just about being
asked to pay too much. it is slanted against them. you think 70 30 is out of whack. what about moving to the cpi rather than rpi. i think that is irrelevant, ministers then decide how to adjust the figure for fare rises. we have just how to adjust the figure for fare rises. we havejust seen + i%. by the ministers chose the consumer price index, adding 2% then he would get exa ctly price index, adding 2% then he would get exactly the fare rise. same it is the ministers that decide how much to increase rail prices. which inflation figure it is based on does not matter. the argument is that billions are being spent on stations, london bridge being redeveloped, thames link, crossrail.
and the service in a lot of insta nces and the service in a lot of instances is getting better. more people than ever using the railways? absolutely. i think the railway must be doing something correct if it is managing to double the number of passengers over the last 20 years. directed nice that figures have fallen slightly over the last few months, but britain's economy is not doing spectacularly well. and rail, particularly for commuters, it is closely linked with economic performance. as an economy starts performing badly, commuter figures go down. railways are linked to the economy and it cannot control that. what do you think of the labour suggestion, that the network should be re—nationalised ? suggestion, that the network should be re—nationalised? it should be taken into public ownership? for people with long on off memories, remembering british rail, they would
argue it is not a good idea. it seems to be something getting traction with the british public. seems to be something getting traction with the british publicm does seem to be. i think many passengers have probably forgotten some of the absolutely eye watering fa re some of the absolutely eye watering fare increases that british rail put in place. if you argue that ministers decide how much to put fa res ministers decide how much to put fares up, i do not see that having been even more control over the ra i lwa ys been even more control over the railways would solve that. they would have an even freer reign. fishing up rail prices and not necessarily guaranteeing the investment we have seen at the moment. for things like the trains themselves, it comes from the private sector. thank you for that. and what are the front pages going to make of this? we will till you tonight. it should be good. stay with us.
hospitals in england have been lodged to be spawned non urgent soldiery, to ease pressure. it comes as ambulance services in england say they have been under extreme pressure. the stunning service said that over the new year cabs had been used to take some patients to hospital. we now we have pressures every year, why has this year been particularly worse? absolutely right. at this time, after the seasonal holiday, immense pressure on the service. patients come in, holding off over christmas and new year. hospitals had planned intensely for this, making new beds
available. but it is impossible to precisely predict the continual demand and growth you are going to get. nhs england have come out this evening with a statement, updating something decent before christmas. calling for another extension of routine, non urgent surgery been postponed, and outpatient appointments not happening at all. throughout january. that indicates more concern. partly because of respiratory illness being shown by patients, and more cases of flu. and the continual increase in the need for care, among the elderly. winter goes on until february, into march! sometimes april, frankly! going to be any let up in winterflu? sometimes april, frankly! going to be any let up in winter flu? these sorts of issues? it could have the
knock—on effect? sorts of issues? it could have the knock-on effect? if routine surgery is being postponed for a month, and those outpatient appointments, it is going to make for a backlog. continual problems for non urgent surgery. the service has been told just to focus on emergency care, trying to get that particular thing right. nhs england are trying to pre—empt any problems that could happen in january. if pre—empt any problems that could happen injanuary. if the expected demand does not increase, it has just been precautionary. but they are worried about flu. they have seen the outbreak in australia. worried this could happen in europe. it would put a lot of pressure on an already stretched service. thank you. more protests under way and a number of cities across iran this evening. at least 22 people have
died since the anti—government demonstrations began 60s ago. the supreme leader has accused enemies of increasing unrest. in tehran, squads of motorbike police are cruising the streets to break up groups of demonstrators. the protests have changed since they started last thursday. to begin with, they were about the economy. most of the protesters are young men, more than 50% of iranians are under 30. and perhaps 40% of them are unemployed. that pent up political frustration is spilling out and much of it has been directed at this man, the supreme leader ayatollah ali khamenei. he is the powerfulfigurehead of the islamic republic, and attacks on his posters will be seen as a tax on the islamic system.
he's blaming iran's foreign enemies. translation: following recent events, the enemies have united and using all their means — money, weapons, policies and security services dashed to create problems for the islamic republic. it's notjust ayatollah khamenei the supreme leader who's blaming foreigners, mohammad hartemi, a reformist, says iranians have the right to protest, but he blamed iran's enemies, led by the united states, for inciting people to destroy public buildings and to insult religious values. president 0bama, in 2009, was careful not to give the last big protest his backing. but president trump has tweeted his support. the people of iran, he declared, are finally acting against the brutal and corrupt iranian regime. but whatever president trump wants, this isn't a new revolution. they are still the most serious
popular protests since the mass demonstrations that followed the disputed 2009 presidential election. those protests were beaten by the power of the state, even though they were led by top politicians and directed at a badly divided leadership. the new protests are not as well organised and may run out of steam. but the fact they're happening at all is very significant. they show how discontented iranians are with state repression and increasing poverty. tonight, the united states ambassador said america wanted an emergency meeting of the united nations security council to discuss iran. she said protests were not
being whipped up by outside forces. the demonstrations are completely spontaneous, virtually every city in iran. this is the picture of a long oppressed people, rising up against dictators. the international community has a role to play. the freedoms enshrined in the united nations charter, under attack in iran. dozens have been killed. hundreds have been arrested. if the iranian dictatorship history is any sign, we can expect more outrageous abuse. the united nations must speak, we will be back line for an emergency session in new york and that the council in geneva. we must not become silent. the people act one crying out for freedom. freedom loving people must stand for the
cause. the international criminal tea m cause. the international criminal team made the mistake of failing to do that in 2009. we must not make that mistake again. i am joined do that in 2009. we must not make that mistake again. i amjoined by do that in 2009. we must not make that mistake again. i am joined by a journalist from the guardian. talking about the situation in 2009 there. the suggestion 0bama's administration stood by. didn't do anything. trump has been forthright. condemning what has been going on in iran. any sense, do you believe, the donald trump administration has strategy to back that up?” donald trump administration has strategy to back that up? i do not think so. playing into the domestic audience in the us, and frankly i do not think the words will be listened
to by protesters in tehran and other cities. months ago, the president of the native states imposed the blanket travel ban. not popular inside iran. but of course, it is sensitive and that does not mean that people are happy with the establishment in iran, i do not think they are fans of the us either. it is interesting that what we are seeing that i ran at the moment, these protests now are much more regional? spread around. 2009 — tended to be focused on tehran.” was covering them in 2009. these are the biggest scenes of unrest, the
nature has been unprecedented. this is happening mainly in provinces, not just the capital. is happening mainly in provinces, notjust the capital. 2009 — mainly the capital. the other difference, the capital. the other difference, the working class revolting, not the middle class. last time, the elites. it started from economic grievances, escalating to political dimensions. the other big difference, no leader this time. no organisation. it is an advantage for protesters. also, there is... they do not have any strategy. what next? going to protest every evening? and the crackdown being stepped up, both sides more violent, what happens
next? it is more difficult for the authorities, no central command structure if you want to put it that way. nothing behind the protest. it is dissipated. and it seems to be focused, certainly at the beginning, on the economic situation. and morphing into a more general discontent about the political situation and the lack of freedom, free speech, so on. where do you see it moving? i think it isjust too soon. different scenarios, first of all... if the same situation happened in 2009, a bloody crackdown. months of scattering smaller groups then finished. the movement was placed under house arrest. the other scenario, others
can capitalise on the situation. it is time to open up. some of that is happening, they're is time to open up. some of that is happening, they‘ re interesting differences that local media in iran are reporting and covering the unrest. not always the official line but publishing pictures. they would not do that in 2009. media blackout. it was rare. you can see reformist newspapers reporting. another scenario, finding the opportunity to undermine the moderates in iran and if there is a new vacancy for the supreme leader. all of that internal politics has got to be dealt with. thank you forjoining us. thank you. the headlines... after the steepest
fa re the headlines... after the steepest fare increase for five years, campaigners warned commuters are being priced out of railways. nhs england has been urging hospitals to cancel all non urgent surgery till february. the waitress wants a united nations security council meeting to discuss protests in iran, leading to at least 22 deathes. time for the sport. hi. were going to start with the premier league football. the busy festive programme continues. top of the table manchester city currently at home to watford. 2—0. raheem sterling to less tha n watford. 2—0. raheem sterling to less than a0 seconds to give manchester city the lead. 0wn goal made it 2—0. it could be a long evening for watford. and llorente
scored against his old club. spurs 1-0. scored against his old club. spurs i—0. shane long has put southampton 1-0 i—0. shane long has put southampton 1—0 up against crystal palace, 18th against 19th. it is currently goalwards. i—0 west brom. apologies, do not forget, you can follow the action. meanwhile — stoke are considering the future of manager mark hughes, after their 1—0 defeat at home to newcastle. stoke currently lie i6th in the premier league table, just two points above the relegation zone, having won only two of their last 12 games. the board haven't yet met to formally discuss their manager's position and hughes is preparing the team for saturday's fa cup game at coventry. arsenal manager arsene wenger has been charged by the football
association over comments he made to match officials after sunday's 1—1 draw against west brom. wenger was furious with the referee mike dean, who had given west brom a late penalty at the hawthorns after a handball by calum chambers. wenger has until 6pm on friday to respond. in a press conference earlier today, wenger said he's been frustrated with other decisions this season. i must say... what is frustrating for me, it has happened many times this season. stoke, watford, manchester city, west bromich albion and that is a concerning coincidence for me. that is why i was not happy at all with the movement the ref made to show why he gave the penalty. it was not corresponding with what happened. 0n penalty. it was not corresponding with what happened. on that front,
it is worrying. andy murray has called his rehab for a long—term hip injury "demoralising" after pulling out of the brisbane international ahead of his first match this week. the former world number one hasn't played competitively sincejuly, and admits he's considering having surgery. murray posted a picture of himself at school and a heartfelt message on instagram earlier where he said "the little kid inside me just wants to play tennis and compete". now, ahead of the fifth and final ashes test, starting on wednesday evening, fast bowler mitchell starc is confident of making the australian starting eleven. england coach trevor bayliss has admitted that england have the opportunity to experiment with their side in the final match, with the series already lost. uncapped spinner mason crane has impressed opener mark stoneman throughout the tour. faced me a few times. balls out
nicely, revs on it. real competitor. you have got to be to be one of the leg spinners. it is one of the most of the to master. always once the opportunity. that's all for now. more at half ten. thank you. strong winds of 90mph our expected to hit the united kingdom this evening. the threat level has been upgraded to amber, across northern ireland and south west scotland. roads have already been closed in parts of galway. it is already proving to be devastating in ireland? we havejust been watching the reports coming from the irish republic, and it is 97mph! that is not on the coast. well inland. it is not great news.
that is an indication of the power of the storm. 0ver that is an indication of the power of the storm. over the direction of the irish sea, moving across northern ireland and then slamming through the north west of england, yorkshire. we have been getting some footage. yes. some pictures on twitter. recently, a car moving past the coast. that's it now. madness. another different one. mini trying to drive through a foot of water. it is just to drive through a foot of water. it isjust ridiculous. to drive through a foot of water. it is just ridiculous. the worst of the winds, affecting the early hours of northern england, but even then the far south, rush hour, northern england, but even then the farsouth, rush hour, nasty northern england, but even then the far south, rush hour, nasty winds up to 60mph. that includes london. and 97mph across ireland, it is part of this big system. main parent low,
what we call it, top left. this is the hook. cloud over us. the storm. bit is actually a large area of gales. i2 bit is actually a large area of gales. 12 hours. affecting large parts of the country. and when you have the large area, the knock—on effect is all over the place. 50, 60,70, effect is all over the place. 50, 60, 70, just affecting everybody. rough time. tomorrow, not dying down till afternoon. even looking at that map... fora change, north till afternoon. even looking at that map... for a change, north scotland com pletely map... for a change, north scotland completely clear. and people getting to work tomorrow, russia are going to work tomorrow, russia are going to be horrible. highways england has been advising road users in the south east of england, that the da rtford south east of england, that the dartford crossing is going to be closed from 11pm tonight. that is
because of safety reasons. and it is actually unclear when it will open. between, before the peak period. hopefully. rush over is going to be difficult. parts of northern ireland, cumbria, yorkshire, those sorts of areas could get some very severe gusts. winds blow hard through rush hour. bristol, london, the south coast. even the south coast of england, we could get 80mph. during the morning. we have had these storms before. many times. but this is just one notch up from the regular winter gale. and some respite towards the end of the day? it is going to come down towards the
end of the day, but then another weather system, more gales the following night. though state? correct. -- thursday. winter! we will have you back tomorrow. at least 25 people have been killed after a coach plummeted 100 metres from a cliff in parade. it happened ona from a cliff in parade. it happened on a stretch of coastal road about 25 miles north of the capital lima, witnesses say the driver lost control after the bus was hit by another vehicle. a transport official said that the coach was carrying around 50 passengers and the death toll could rise. a man who had already got convictions for killing his wife and a former partner has pleaded guilty to murdering his ex—girlfriend. theodorejohnson murdering his ex—girlfriend. theodore johnson attacked murdering his ex—girlfriend. theodorejohnson attacked angela best about a year ago when they broke up and she'd had a
to help ease winter pressure on the health service. the white house wants an emergency security council meeting, to discuss the protests in iran, which have killed at least 22 people. the west coast of ireland bears the brunt of storm eleanor. 90 mile per hour gusts are forecast to batter the uk overnight. britain's recycling system is about to be put under severe pressure. until now almost half of what we recycle every year has been sent to china — to be dealt with there. but yesterday china introduced a ban on recycling many types of plastic wastes from abroad — to try to reduce pollution. so what will happen now to all the plastic we throw away? 0ur science editor david shukman reports. ever wondered what happens to our recycling? well, great streams of it are sorted in giant centres like this one
in south—east london. the tins are extracted by magnet and are sold to food and drink manufacturers. a vigorous shake separates bottles from paper and cardboard. they're also in demand. the machines then try to pick out the plastic. the bags make this much harder. but if all this can be sorted, it can be sold on, and the biggest market has been china, until now. this is the tip of the iceberg of what we send off for recycling. what the chinese have done is said that they're no longer going to accept anything that's difficult to handle. so anything that's dirty, or this kind of thin plastic that is hard to recycle. in fact, a mix of different types of plastic. this has sent shock waves through the recycling industry. already huge bundles of recycling turned down by china are piling up in hong kong.
and mountains of unwanted plastic waste may build up in britain. i think it's a game change for the uk. i think for the last two decades, at least, all our collection systems have been geared up to having the chinese market. china take virtually half of everything that we produce in terms of paper and plastics in the uk. so what will happen? well, there's now a rush to try to sell the stuff to india and other countries. but there's a limit to what they'll take. another option is to burn the plastic here. most incinerators generate electricity, so this wouldn't be a total waste. but the greenest solution is to turn plastic into the raw material to make new plastic objects, like milk containers, and we may see more of this. we've made incredible progress in terms of recycling in this country, but we're stalling now. and the chinese ban to import bad quality may be a great incentive and the best chance ever for this country. it takes a human eye to pick out what the machines miss. householders are often confused.
most thin plastic film can't be used again. different councils have their own rules. and few products are designed with recycling in mind. there is now pressure for all that to change, and china's ban may actually encourage that. david shukman, bbc news. joining me now is councillor symon fraser who represents east riding of yorkshire, the local authority with the highest recycling rate in england at 65.a% for the last financial year. good evening, thank you for being with us. the national average aca5.1%. how do you do that? with us. the national average acas.1%. how do you do that? we focus on a consistent message. we give credit to the people who do the recycling which is the residence, it isn't the council who do the recycling, we just put in the
facilities and infrastructure for them but it is the residents who do them but it is the residents who do the recycling and in this area they are fantastic. we keep it simple. those are the key messages. womack and you continually reinforce how important it is for people to recycle ? important it is for people to recycle? we don't need to do much of that, in fairness. we are very much pushing an open door. residents around here and across the country are around here and across the country a re really around here and across the country are really concerned to make sure that they are acting in an environmentally friendly way. we need to keep making sure that the facilities and the system is being used properly. that's the most important thing for us, keeping down contamination and trying to get the right materials in the red beans and keeping it as high—quality as we can. there must be education as to what local people should be putting into their recycle bins. we saw in
david shukman's our editor, that paper all things with a film of plastic on, they may not be recycla ble, plastic on, they may not be recyclable, they are things that people may think are ok, but they put them into the wrong bins and so on. there must be a level of education as to what people can do when it comes to recycling? of course, it's a continuous message that goes out, continuous high quality information out to residents to try and help them in that task. the main thing you need to remember is that residents are hugely interested in this and they want it to happen. they want it to be a good system and they want to play a part in that. our system and they want to play a part in that. 0urjob, as a council, is to make sure they can do that and that involves education, consistency and quality of staff at every level. above all, it involves commitment from the residents and we have that.
where are you falling down, where could you see improvement? there's a lwa ys could you see improvement? there's always room for improvement and i think some of the challenges coming from the market at the moment, and the bigger recycling market at the moment, they will bring opportunities to the country. i tend to think that challenges, you can easily try your hand up in horror and say what a dreadful thing it is but the clever thing to do is to find the opportunities that come out of that and make it work for britain asa of that and make it work for britain as a whole. i think it will happen. there will be a price tag behind that and it may be costly, but i am quite sure that in the long—term, the british industry will get by and the british industry will get by and the recycling industry, because actually, it is hugely popular with the public. 0k, councillor simon fraser there from the east riding of yorkshire, thank you forjoining us. more now on our top story today.
the biggest hike in train fares for five years — that's what commuters faced this morning as they returned to work after the christmas break. the average price for tickets rose by 3.a% today, with some commuters spending as much as 5,000 pounds on a season ticket. the rail industry says the changes will mean a better service and investment for the future. but unions say commuters are being priced out as the burden of paying for the rail system falls increasingly on passengers. let's speak to heather arnatt, a commuter from lincoln who campaigns for better public transport as part of her local community rail partnership. heather, thank you forjoining us. clearly you were not impressed this morning? no, i was clearly you were not impressed this morning? no, iwas quite clearly you were not impressed this morning? no, i was quite unhappy. 0nly morning? no, i was quite unhappy. only a small increase for me, 30p per day, but it all adds up. the government says that the breakdown, what's needed to keep the railways running and maintain them, is 70% of funding coming from users
themselves, from tickets, and 30% from general taxation. the transport secretary chris grayling said he's happy with that mix. does it make sense to you? it makes sense that we've had a lot of improvements at local stations in lincoln recently but we haven't seen any changes or improvements in the community stations in lincolnshire. a lot of work is being done by volunteers and that investment isn't happening in the local area. the extra money being collected as a result of these rises, certainly in the last few yea rs, rises, certainly in the last few years, you are not seeing much of it? that's right. what can be done? more investment in sustainable transport options, and integrations, that's what the partnership lobbies for, and integration of services between bus and rail, improvements that are more equally spread across communities and not just that are more equally spread across communities and notjust city hubs. and those people who say that users
themselves should bear a certain amount of the burden of funding the railways, they would argue that that percentage, 70%, as i say, to 30%, is probably actually not big enough. i think the problem is people are priced out of using the railways completely. with an infrequent service, and being expensive, you are driven to use your vehicle rather than go on the trains which means rather than go on the trains which m ea ns fewer rather than go on the trains which means fewer people pay the fees than support the increase in costs. heather arnott, a commuter from lincoln, thank you forjoining us. the former england footballer, trevor sinclair, has been sentenced
to 150 hours community service after pleading guilty to drink—driving, and a racially aggravated public order offence against a police officer in november last year. sinclair was arrested in lytham. blackpool magistrates‘ court heard he became agitated, and accused police of being racist. witnesses in australia have been describing the moment a seaplane crashed into a river near sydney killing five british tourists, and the pilot. the group of men who were on a nearby houseboat dived in and tried in vain to save them. richard cousins, a prominent businessman, died along with his two sons, his fiancee a8—year—old emma bowden, and her 11—year—old daughter. from sydney, phil mercer reports. the wreckage of the seaplane lies in more than a0 feet of water on a riverbed north of sydney. aircrash investigators are searching for clues to explain why it crashed, killing all six people on board. they were businessmen richard cousins, who was 58. he died alongside his fiancee emma bowden, who was a8, and her 11—year—old daughter heather. william cousins was 25, and his brother edward was 23. the pilot was garath morgan.
accounts from witnesses will help australian authorities to establish why a routine sightseeing flight ended in disaster. will mcgovern says he saw his friends dive into the water to try to help those trapped in the plane. i saw three of my mates, dead set, risking their lives. you know, they could have died. this plane was moving fast, it was going down. it was pretty hard because of the oil, but i could see windows, the windows. we just couldn't dive down deep enough, really, to be able to see more. at least they'll know that there were people there trying to help, and i'm sorry. the authorities hope to retrieve the wreckage of the seaplane that lies to the north ofjerusalem bay near the town of cowan by the end of the week. all of this evidence will then be taken to the australian capital, canberra. we‘ll be looking at a number of areas, particularly around the aircraft‘s components. we‘ll also be looking at any recorded data that
might be on the aircraft. so that could involve both avionics, or instruments attached to the aeroplane. aviation experts have speculated that the seaplane may have stalled before crashing, because of engine failure and unexpected gust of winds, or a mistake by the pilot. phil mercer, bbc news, sydney. parents are being urged to limit their children to two sugary snacks a day, containing no more than 100 calories each, in an effort to curb obesity and combat tooth decay. every year children in england are consuming, on average, almost a00 biscuits, around 100 portions of sweets and more than 150 cans of fizzy drink. now public health england is launching a campaign to help parents find healthier options as sima kotecha reports. half the sugar us kids eat and drink each year
comes from snacks and sugary drinks. you are what you eat, at least that‘s how the saying goes. through an ad campaign, parents are now being urged to think along the same lines. feed your children healthier snacks to stop them from becoming obese. at the town hall in birmingham, families are arriving for a theatre show. let‘s have a look. what have we got here? it‘s not great. we‘ve got some popcorn, crisps. how do you feel about that, man? it‘s terrible. it is. i know. how do you feel about that, mum? it‘s terrible. it is. i know. you‘re 13 years, what‘s next you have on a daily basis? crisps, popcorn and chocolate. the advice from public health england is to give children two snacks a day, amounting to 100 calories each. popular foods such as crisps and chocolate bars contain around 200 calories, while a portion of chips can amount to a thousand. a can of fizzy drink can have as much as 150 calories. well, public health england say that
children between the ages of four and ten get more than half of their sugar intake from products like these — crisps, pastries and biscuits. around a third of primary school children are overweight or obese. the suggestion is to replace naughtier items with things like malt loaves, yoghurts and plain rice cakes. tell me what your favourite snacks are. chocolate and crisps. pancakes, lots of things. would you swap them... no. from malt cake? no. rice cake? no. how about some yoghurt? no. too much of it can cause our teeth to rot... along with the ad campaign, the agency is working with some supermarkets to offer a discount on less sugary foods. we have a quarter of children in england with tooth decay aged five, and that‘s something that‘s entirely preventable. however, taste often
overrules calorie content. and in many cases, convincing fussy children to change their diet won‘t be without its challenges. sima kotecha, bbc news, birmingham. virgin trains has apologised after it was accused of not taking a complaint of misogyny seriously. customer emily lucinda cole posted on twitter that she had felt patronised by a train manager after she made a query, saying he had referred to her as "honey". but in response the company‘s account replied: "sorry for the mess up emily, would you prefer "pet" or "love" next time?". emily lucinda cole said she was stunned by the response. virgin trains east coast have deleted their original tweet. the headlines on bbc news: after the steepest fare increase for five years, campaigners warn that commuters are being priced off the railways. nhs england urges hospitals to postpone all non—urgent surgery until february,
to help ease winter pressure on the health service. the white house wants an emergency security council meeting, to discuss the protests in iran, which have led to at least 22 deaths. an update on the market numbers for you — here‘s how london‘s and frankfurt ended the day. and in the the united states this is how the dow and the nasdaq are getting on. you go to hospital, you need some tests, then you get your results — but it‘s a computer not a consultant that‘s analysed them. would you feel reassured? well scientists in oxford have developed a system which can diagnose some diseases more accurately than doctors. it uses artificial intelligence to analyse scans, and — in clinical trials — it outperformed human specialists for lung cancer and coronary heart disease. the technique could save the nhs billions of pounds
through early diagnosis. here‘s our science correspondent pallab ghosh. scans are modern medical miracles but still need a doctor to make a diagnosis, until now. scientists have developed artificial intelligence to do the job better than the best doctors. the government‘s health care‘s arm says ai systems are set to revolutionise medicine. 20 years from now, health care will have a! embedded in a whole variety of different levels, and much of the health care systems will be enabled by smart systems that help you identify people at risk, diagnose disease earlier, diagnose disease more precisely, and identify who will benefit from what interventions. it changes the whole way it operates. this is ultromics, the world‘s first cyber cardiologist. developed at the john radcliffe hospital in oxford,
it‘s an a! system that can analyse heart scans. here, ultromics has identified areas of heart disease, shown in red. it then gives a recommendation, positive which means it believes there is a risk of the patient having a heart attack. doctors get one in five of their diagnoses wrong. the artificial intelligence system does much better. so how much could hospitals save using the new system? 12,000 heart scans alone are misdiagnosed each year. that costs the nhs £600 million. because artificial intelligence is more accurate, it could save £300 million, and that‘s just the start. a! can be used to diagnose many other conditions. the software tells us the risk of it being cancerous. we just click on it, and it tells us the risk is 1a%. this system looks for early signs of lung cancer. it can rule out harmless cases several months
earlier than human doctors. it can save the nhs money and patients a lot of anxiety. what we have developed is software that will help us decide whether the patient has a nodule that we need to follow up, or is likely to be cancer, or is one we don‘t need to follow up. and then we can discharge the patient. britain leads the world in al, and the systems currently being developed will be available for free to nhs hospitals next summer. pallab ghosh, bbc news, 0xford. a book shop in a small town in dumfries & galloway which allows holiday—makers the chance to run it for two weeks at a time, has proved so popular there are now plans to open similar stores in asia. the ‘0pen book‘ has been running forfour years, and there are no vacancies until 2020. 0ur scotland correspondent lorna gordon reports: between the hills and the sea in south—west scotland is a small town where they like their books
— a lot. wigtown is scotland‘s national book town and among the many book shops here, one is available to rent for a week at a time. it‘s run by enthusiasts who want to be surrounded by books while trying their hand at selling some too. alison drury is a police community support officer from bicester, but not this week. instead, she is stacking book shelves and shifting stock. you are paying for the privilege of running a book shop for a week. what do your friends make of it? a bit of a mixture. i think some of them think that i‘m a bit eccentric and think that it‘s a very strange thing to do. by the same token, i‘ve got some friends who think it‘s extremely exciting and are very excited for me and actually a bit envious. have you been enjoying it? i have. you can tell, can‘t you?! the temporary book store boss has free rein. displays can change, so too can the promotions. the chance to run a book shop for a week or two
has proved popular. people have come from as far away as new zealand, north america and south korea to run this place. there was a couple in their 80s who came on honeymoon, and others who liked the town so much that they stayed. this shop, which once came close to closure, turned around by those who have a dream of running a book shop and want the chance to test it out. i think in everyone‘s life you have that "what if" voice. what if ijust owned a book shop by the sea in scotland? we want to give people the opportunity to do it. this is actual real virtual reality, where you can come and be in a book shop and feel the cold and read the books and enjoy the community and kind of have little surprises of an adventure along the way. and if those who‘ve come on their book shop holiday are looking for ideas, with wigtown boasting 1a book shops, there is plenty here to inspire. we love our book shops, we love our books, yeah, and we‘ve even got people coming from far and wide to run a book shop
in wigtown, imagine that! it sounds a crazy idea, but what a fantastic thing for wigtown, opening wigtown to the world, encouraging people to come and share our love for books. that passion for selling books may be spreading. there‘s interest from a chinese firm looking to open its own version of the open book holiday business. so successful has this scottish one been, it‘s booked up for the next two years. storm eleanor is here, tomasz has the details. yes, causing a lot of problems in the republic of ireland, recent gusts of nearly 100 miles an hour, not just around recent gusts of nearly 100 miles an hour, notjust around the coast but well inland. it gives an idea that this is quite a potent storm. this
is the storm on the satellite image, not this here, it‘s actually a little smaller and further towards the south, this hook in the cloud. in the irish republic, tracking close to northern ireland and the irish sea, across cumbria and parts of yorkshire, exiting in the north sea in the early hours of the morning. but it is quite a large area of gales. even in the far south, it will be affected by this storm. some gales could even be up to about 80 miles an hour. let‘s have a look at the gusts in more detail. 70—90 miles an hour on exposed coasts, that‘s for northern ireland, across yorkshire to the east coast and further self, 60 miles an hour, 70, maybe 80. inglot of numbers, a lot of numbers, that wind will cause problems in the rush hour tomorrow. some power
interruptions and it will be blowing ha rd interruptions and it will be blowing hard through the course of the morning and into the afternoon. even at 3pm, we are talking about 50 mile an hour gusts at 3pm, we are talking about 50 mile an hourgusts in at 3pm, we are talking about 50 mile an hour gusts in birmingham. 0xford, coventry, london, 60 on the south coast and in norfolk still blowing very ha rd coast and in norfolk still blowing very hard indeed. for a change, and please to say across parts of central and northern scotland there will be no gale force winds. we are looking at five miles an hour of wind in the north of scotland for a change. here we go. tomorrow evening, the winds died down. but there is a weather system heading our way. that will spring another speu our way. that will spring another spell of windy and wet weather to western and southern areas of the uk. remnants of eleanor here. this area is not expected to be anywhere near as powerful but once again, it‘s a case of gales and rain across the south. run—of—the—mill winter weather. it stays settled into
friday as well. we have a very rough night on the way. and do take care tomorrow morning. that‘s all from me. hello, i‘m ros atkins — this is 0utside source. iran‘s supreme leader has called protestors "enemies," and alleges foreign interference. him, new after six days of anti—government protests in iran, and the deaths —— after six days of anti—government protests in iran, and the deaths of 22 people, its supreme leader has spoken. hello, i‘m ros atkins — this is 0utside source. iran‘s supreme leader has called protestors "enemies," and alleges ‘s foreign interference. here‘s how the trump administration reacted.
the iranian people are angry at the rising tide of corruption in their daily lives. the people are tired of paying the price for their violent and corrupt rulers. looks like south korea and north korea could talk directly — next week. and kim jong—un is using these two north korean skaters and the winter olympics as his reason why. logan paul is one of youtube‘s biggest stars — he‘s posted this video. from the bottom of my heart, i am sorry. he‘s apologised to all of japan after publishing a video