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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  January 31, 2018 9:00pm-10:01pm GMT

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. we are going to go straight to washington. president trump gave his first state of the union address. we will hear some of the main clips from bath and fact checked some of the main claims. theresa may has started her state visit to china. we will look at the trade relationship both countries are trying to create. the world has been enjoying a superb blue blood moon, a triple lunar spectacle. we will see it in los angeles and just north of london. the bbc‘s from china editor carrie gracie has answered questions about pay and equality, questions posed by members of parliament. the bbc director—general also faced questions. president trump proclaimed a new american moment in last
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night's state of the union speech. he's got low approval ratings generally — but this went down well. cbs showed 75% of viewers approved. 65% said it made them feel proud to be american. 35% said it made them feel safer. a majority of viewers also credited him with the current buoyant state of the economy. right, let's hear some of this speech. first here's the president on trade. america has also finally turned the page on decades of unfair trade deals. they sacrificed our prosperity and chipped away at our companies, our jobs and prosperity and chipped away at our companies, ourjobs and our wealth.
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our nation has lost its wealth, but we re our nation has lost its wealth, but were getting it back so fast. the era of economic surrender is totally over. from now on we expect trading relationships to be fair and, very importantly, reciprocal. applause whenever there is a big american political moment, i turned to the bbc news website for anthony zurcher. he described a smoother trumpet the same hard edges. you will see what he was talking about in this clip on immigration —— a smoother trump with. under the current broken system a single immigrants can bring in virtually unlimited numbers of distant relatives. under our plan, we focus on the immediate family by limiting sponsorships to spouses and minor children. applause
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this comment fact, is our new american moment. there has never been a better time to start living the american dream. so to every citizen watching at home tonight, no matter where you have been or where you have come from, this is your time. if you work hard, if you believe in yourself, if you believe in america and you can dream anything, you can be anything. and together we can achieve absolutely anything. mr trump says he wants the detention centre at guantanamo bay to be kept open. that reverses an obama directive to close it, although president obama never got that close to see what happened. this is luis fajardo from bbc monitoring in miami. president trump's announcement
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regarding guantanamo did not cause a huge amount of surprise in miami. people see this as a controversial issue but they went through eight yea rs of issue but they went through eight years of waiting for president obama to fulfil his promise of closing 110 oh, so they did not expect a major change in that sense. regarding immigration it was not a huge announcement either given that many people understand there is a long political journey many people understand there is a long politicaljourney to go on until this bill becomes a reality, if it ever does. and the idea of president trump of stopping what he calls chain migration would disproportionately affect the latin community in the us, where many immigrants have the dream of bringing their relatives to the us. in general it was not a huge surprise or a major reaction in the latin american community. the president made several calls for unity — most leading politicians in the us do. it rarely happens — didn't last night. covers every time the republicans
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stood up and clapped and gave mr trumpa standing stood up and clapped and gave mr trump a standing ovation, the democrats sat in stony silence. here is elizabeth warren. that gives you an idea of how far away we are from political unity in washington at the moment. a number of people were invited onto stage — veterans, first responders. and take a look at these pictures of the parents of otto warmbier, the american who died after being detained in north korea, and the north korean defectorji seong—ho. no doubting who they wanted to see that last guest. not sure if kim jong un was watching. kevin kim from bbc korean was. president trump described north
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korea as one of the worst dictatorships in the world, a country that oppresses its people. to highlight these points he had a special guest in the crowd that introduced. the parents of an american who travel to north korea, was arrested, sentence and later died. also in the crowd was a prominent north korean human rights activist. during the famine in north korea he lost his limbs. when his name was called out by mr trump, he raised his crutches high in the hour for everyone to see. both were key individuals that president trump wa nted individuals that president trump wanted to show what north korea, in his view, is really like. day one of theresa may's state visit to china. her leadership has been under severe pressure — but she started this trip by saying, "i'm not a quitter". there is a long—term job to be done,
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she said. in terms of china, one minister has described mrs may as "cautious" — and not david cameron's "headlong rush to be china's best friend". that is veiled criticism of may's predecessor, david cameron, and his approach to china. here's theresa may in beijing. the prime minister with the chinese prime minister giving a statement. she warned the chinese prime minister that china that it must respect international rules on trade and intellectual property. but let's be clear — the tone of this trip is positive. brexit means a new close trading relationship with china is essential. that is the priority. the two countries are expected to reveal $13 billion deals over the next few days but that's a small step — china is still only britain's eighth biggest trading partner. the uk wanted to shift up the list.
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theresa may included a stop in wuhan. not a major city in chinese terms but it's a hub for higher education in china. here's the prime minister meeting students and staff. britain is a high performer in this sector. the prime minister is there to make more connections and develop more business. theresa may will also return home with china having lifted a ban on imports of british beef. good news for uk farmers. let's get more from steve mcdonnell in beijing. theresa may has been accompanied by 50 business leaders, all prepared to cut deals right now. this delegation
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is leading with its best hand. what does britain have that china's vast army of consumers might want? education services, tourism, automobiles, all available to this vast chinese public. i say that, but if theresa may wants to pump china up if theresa may wants to pump china up the run of its ladder of the countries it is dealing with, all you need is the smallest advance in percentage terms and this can bring large dividends. for example, here we have a quarter of the world's population, they are all becoming more affluent, all wanting to buy goods and theresa may wants a piece of the action. imagine a 2% change oi’ of the action. imagine a 2% change or something along those lines, for these companies involved it can mean vast profits. that's what's in it for britain, but of course it's a two way street. earlier i asked vincent ni of the bbc‘s chinese service
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what china wants out of the relationship. he isa he is a regular on outside source. the chinese press came up with a term to call theresa may, which is auntie may. but if you speak to reasonable chinese analysts they will strike a more cautionary tone. they know theresa may is mired in a leadership question back home here in the uk, they are not sure how long was prime minister will be around for. with reference to this trip, what do the chinese want out of it? they want a market in the uk, but there is also a sense that the uk is losing importance in europe because of this brexit, because for a long time the chinese take the uk is the gateway to the european market, especially western europe. the uk is gradually leaving the european union, so the chinese will need to look the destinations. after this brexit vote we have already
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seen this brexit vote we have already seen the chinese investing heavily in other western european countries like germany and france. we know that the french president emmanuel macron went to china ahead of theresa may's visit. this is a very big circle to the british politicians that china is still interested in europe, and it is shifting its focus away from the uk. so we started with stories from china and the us, in a few minutes we will have a story much closer to home. seniorfigures within we will have a story much closer to home. senior figures within the bbc, the director—general added former china editor carrie gracie, have been taking questions from mps on pay and equality. we will see what they said. mps and peers are set to leave the palace of westminster during a proposed multi—billion pound refurbishment after the commons approved a motion calling for a full and timely decant by 236 votes to 220 a majority of 16. during a debate on the restoration
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and renewal plans, the leader of the commons andrea leadsom said mps and peers would not leave the houses of parliament until 2025 at the earliest. here's our political correspondent eleanor garnier. the key thing is if the move would not start until 2025 would have had another election by them, with a new government and parliament could they change their minds on this whole thing? this big decision on what to do about the state of the palace of westminster has gone on for quite some time and there have been calls for a decision to be made quickly, because the state of the palaces so serious. this is outside source live from the bbc newsroom. president trump says his
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first year in office has advanced his mission to make america great again, but his opponents say millions of people are left behind. let me take you some of the main stories from bbc world service. many of kenya's privately owned tv and radio stations are still off air. this started yesterday when they attempted to broadcast the opposition leader rail odinga swearing himself in as "the people's president." that is from bbc swahili. an istanbul court has released on bail the head of amnesty international in turkey. taner kilich is accused of being a member of a terrorist group — and has been in detention since june. he and amnesty dismiss the allegation. and this is wikie the whale. she's the first whale say english words — apparently she can count, say hello and the name amy. i don't know if you can't quite make them out! being able to learn new sounds is very rare amongst mammals. and, presumably, all animals!
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senior figures from the bbc have been answering mps questions about gender, pay and equality. carrie gracie stood down as the bbc‘s china editor in protest at pay inequality. we also heard from the bbc‘s director general and director of news. carrie was first to speak. i have said i don't want any more money, i'm nota i have said i don't want any more money, i'm not a physical liability to the bbc. they are trying to throw money at need to resolve the problem. this will not result my problem. this will not result my problem. my problem will be resolved by an acknowledgement that my work is of equal value to the men who are served alongside as an international editor. an apology would be nice, i note that the bbc says it is very
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grateful to men, last friday, taking a voluntary pay cut. they have never said they are very grateful to me for not taking a pay rise at the time. next tony hall, director general of the bbc. he acknowledged that the bbc inadvertently underpaid carrie gracie for years. here's some of what we heard. we got something is wrong. i wish that we hadn't got those things wrong, but we did get something is wrong, but we did get something is wrong, i think we should be clear about that. perhaps i might also say that i hold carrie in the greatest regard, i was lucky enough to spend some time with her in beijing when she was there as editor. i think she is an absolutely first rate editor and houston first rate work for the bbc, and i do not want in any way to undermine what she has done, she has been extremely good. for his analysis on this i spoke to
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the bbc media reddit, amol rajan. it is extraordinary, especially for the first half. the bbc's media editor. carrie gracie's testimony was explosive, punchy, personal, there was interesting new data. there was a representative from the national union ofjournalists. then when the bbc management, tony hall and his deputy, were in front of the committee, it was a bureaucratic wall of noise. there are two parallel conversations. carrie gracie spoke about the specific, as she sees a gracie spoke about the specific, as she sees a comment gracie spoke about the specific, as she sees a commentjustices of her case the past record of the bbc. tony hall and the others from the bbc were keen to talk about the future. and that umaga conversations never got together. we discovered to my clippings, and above all the bbc acknowledged it got certain things wrong and for the first time in public and said there is a difference between an automatic —— north america editor and china
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editor. had she been in north america, she would have been paid more. gillian howard is an employment lawyer. here is her take on the situation the bbc is in. the law was passed in 1970 and enacted in 1975, which required employers to give men and women equal pay when doing the same job or give men and women equal pay when doing the samejob or a job of similar nature, or work of equal value. it has taken an awfully long time for employers to wake up, and that is what they had to do. within pay grades and pay scales and players can of course give extra pay within a pay scale for skills, qualifications, added value, experience in thejob, that kind of thing, irrespective of gender. but what happens is, and what has happened at the bbc, the women seem to have been rewarded for those things and the women have not —— the men seem things and the women have not —— the men seem to have been rewarded. you
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talk about pay bands, the law does not say how big the bands can beat and in some cases, whether the bbc 01’ and in some cases, whether the bbc or other companies, they are so wide as to what must be meaningless.“ they are, the employers offending they are, the employers offending the law and basically has an unlawful pay scale. the tribunal is appointed independentjob unlawful pay scale. the tribunal is appointed independent job evaluation expert to go in and evaluate the jobs and make the pay scales sensible. you use the phrase work of equal value. in the example of broadcasting, which we are focused on today, it is incredibly subjective? it is partly subjective, but there are objective factors which employers are meant to take into account, such as responsibility, accountability, skills, the added value brought to thejob, skills, the added value brought to the job, those sorts of things. the effort and skills required in the job. there are objective factors which employers are required to use
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under the legislation but, yes, there are also subjective elements, of course. this law dates back to the 19705. as you look at the way it has been implemented for a0 year5 you look at the way it has been implemented for a0 years or more and you look at what is happening at the bbc now, how significant do you think it is, the amount of pressure brought to bear on the bbc 5y5tem5? if you mean carrie gracie and her female colleagues, what they are doing now, they are starting a revolution. it is a0 years' time delay but they are doing it. revolution at the bbc, or bigger? much bigger. i believe that will give great confidence to other women in the companies who, for many, many years, has been downgraded in pay and promotion prospects, discriminated against when they come back from maternity leave. i think it will be a revolution for a of other employers. if you want to see more clips from carrie gracie, the national union of
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journalists and the four representatives of bbc management, including director general tony hall, it is on the bbc news website. three of the big tech giants — facebook, microsoft and ebay — have all announced re5ult5 in the last half an hour. dave lee, our north america technology correspondent, joins me now. he is in san francisco. busy reading while i bring him in. somebody has 5aid while i bring him in. somebody has said in my ear that facebook is up by a0 something percent? is that right? there are some incredibly interesting metrics. iam reading through them now because they have ju5t through them now because they have just been published. facebook saying that their changes to the news feed have already resulted in 50 million le55 hours being spent on the platform, which will have a big impact on how many advert5 are being seen. impact on how many advert5 are being 5een. a5 impact on how many advert5 are being 5een. as part of that announcement, mark zuckerberg has attached a statement to these earnings which goes into more depth than usual, he
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goes into more depth than usual, he goes back to the talking points he has made recently. i will read you a small bit comment 2018 we focused on making sure facebook is notjust fun to use but also good for people's well—being and society. what he is doing is basically 5aying, look, this will impact our network, it is already impacting, but it is important we have sacrifice right now to protect the long—term health of facebook. shares around by about a96 of facebook. shares around by about a% at the moment. of facebook. shares around by about 496 at the moment. what about ebay and the others? i am only reading them as they drop. microsoft had a 5trong earnings result5, u nfortu nately i 5trong earnings result5, unfortunately i have no chance to pick through them yet. let's talk about facebook more than, i guess thei55ue5 about facebook more than, i guess the issues the zuckerberg i5 about facebook more than, i guess the issues the zuckerberg is money i5 the issues the zuckerberg is money is not necessarily the number one factor long—term, he needs to fend off criticism and regulators?”
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think the concern is the problem has two sides. they are not quite sure how facebook will solve what could be seen as a societal problem of large, also the pressure put on facebook to get onto this problem immediately could be quite expensive. compared to this time last year, facebook is a7% more employees, a huge amount of growth for what was already quite a big company. over 2018 they will hire an extra 10,000 company. over 2018 they will hire an extra 10 , 000 employees company. over 2018 they will hire an extra 10,000 employees to police various parts of the network, be more stringent on what kind of adverts are right on its network. —— adverts are right on its network. —— adverts arrive on its network. it will be very costly and may not even work. this is just will be very costly and may not even work. this isjust the beginning of mark zuckerberg on facebook trying to ta ke mark zuckerberg on facebook trying to take hold of the situation. dave, i will let you get back to those figures. thank you very much. we try to bring you the latest information as a concern, but asking dave to jump ahead and tell me
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things he has not yet got was asking a bit much of him! follow him on twitter for his analysis as he digests those figures. the us federal reserve has left rates unchanged at 1.25 to 1.5%, but it is the last time any fed event will be chaired by janet yellen. she's the first woman to hold the post and the first head of the fed not to remain in the post after the election of a new president. yogita limaye is in new york. a woman of huge stature, whatever your politics, who will be missed, i guess, by many people? yes, she steered the economy through tough times, these with the economy in pretty good state. growth rate of 2.3% pretty good state. growth rate of 2.396 in pretty good state. growth rate of 2.3% in 2017. that is not the key job of the federal reserve, the key job of the federal reserve, the key job is fixing interest rates and ensuring it keeps inflation and unemployment in check. on her watch, and employment at a.1% went to a 17 year low. like a trader told me today, she was a good leader but not
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necessarily creative. thank you. just a quick conversation today. we finish with a report about how charity shops in the uk perhaps do not want all the clothes are donating. pity today because my clothes. one minute yellow is the colour, next week denham, tomorrow it is mint green fur, anyone?! if you are like me, you try to lessen the guilt of your fashion fickleness by dropping off some of your barely worn clothes at a charity shop. and i am not alone. they come every single day. from 10am to 6pm, a continuous drop in donations. donations to oxfam have increased over the past year, but only a fraction of the clothes here are actually sold through the store. the unsold inventory is bought by distributors who sell them to other
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countries, where they are resold in second—hand markets like this one in uganda. it used to be a virtuous cycle, except increasingly these countries don't want the second—hand clothes. data from the united nations shows the used clothing import business has declared recently. that has hurt companies that buy the unsold charity shop clothes. so what to do with all of these unwanted clothes? retailers say the future will involve fully recycling these clothes into fabrics that we might be able to use again. ina in a couple of minutes we will fact checks of donald trump's state of the union address. see you then. —— fa ct the union address. see you then. —— fact check some of donald trump's state of the union address. good evening. new zealand has been
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one of the big brother stories this week, and again tonight. what a week. —— one of the big weather stories. temperatures got close to a0 degrees. part of the south island had tried declared on tuesday, and with a certain amount by rinnie we are seeing flooding rains arriving due to the amalgamation of a former tropical cyclone joyce due to the amalgamation of a former tropical cyclonejoyce in due to the amalgamation of a former tropical cyclone joyce in forwards and a weather front moving out of australia. they are joining forces across the south island. we can see well over a month's worth of rain just over a date falling onto very parched and dry ground, causing lots of run—off, lots of surface water flooding. the rain eases through thursday and friday, we will see severe storms push thursday and friday, we will see severe storms push across thursday and friday, we will see severe storms push across the north island, then back to quieter weather. a few showers and a cool breeze. across the other side of the pacific, very cold air across canada and the north—east united states. at the opposite end of the scale, to
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the opposite end of the scale, to the south—west, very warm air in place. in california, temperatures have got over 30 degrees, over 90 fahrenheit in one or two spots. the warm air stays fahrenheit in one or two spots. the warm airstays in fahrenheit in one or two spots. the warm air stays in place through the week, further plungers of caldara. concentrate on california, here is a satellite image from this time last year. white air and into nevada is where snow lies after a bumper snowfall. the snow was very important to californians, as i will tell you. not as much snow on the map this year, all the warmth has melted down the snow pack is crucial to californians in the summer, because it helps to supply the water. returning to cape town and their water supply issues, it is the next stage in water restrictions in the city, the water is running out. once the reservoirs get to around 13% capacity, taps will be turned off, which could be as soon as the 12th of april. there is no rain forecast this week. very warm conditions, if
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it is not worn it is windy and both help to evaporate water, causing the reservoirs to drop quicker. the other side of africa has had the first snow in about five decades in parts of morocco. cold air here, dry at the moment but very windy conditions of call. the canaries and madeira will take as do the night and into thursday. frequent henry and into thursday. frequent henry and thundery showers across parts of southern spain and into gibraltar. a brighter, drier less breezy day on thursday. it will be windy across northern parts of europe, including us. northern parts of europe, including us. strongest winds pushing towards the netherlands, denmark, germany and seven scandinavia, they will be pushing snow fall back towards the alps. for us, cold air. will it last? we will find out with nick in half an hour. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source, and these are the main stories here in the bbc newsroom. president trump says his first year in office has advanced his mission to make america great again, but his opponents say millions of people are left behind.
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theresa may is in china to forge new partnerships ahead of britain's exit from the eu. a judge says the number of known sexual abuse victims of former us gymnastics doctor, larry nassar, now stands at more than 260. your questions are always welcome. #bbcos is the hashtag. back to donald trump's first state of the union address. the bbc‘s reality check team have been fact checking some of the claims he made during the address. first, here's what he said about unemployment. since the election, we have created 2.a million newjobs. including... including 200,000 newjobs in manufacturing alone.
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tremendous number. jane o'brien has been working with the reality check team. she is live with us now. can you assess what the president said the? he was always going to talk about the economy because that is his big thing. he is the great deal—maker. and yes, that figure is correct and comes from the department of labour and statistically is absolutely spot on. the issue is, can he take credit for that? his critics will say no, because he inherited a very strong economy from barack obama and his capitalising on a very firm foundation. your success unemployment among african—americans was at an all—time low and among latinos also at an all—time low.
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yes, again, statistically true. but the big question, can he take credit. next — tax reform. mr trump's talked a lot about this topic — it was his major legislative achievement last year. he mentioned it in his address. have a look. just as i promised the american people from this podium 11 months ago, we enacted the biggest tax cuts and reforms in american history. applause. since we passed the tax cuts, roughly 3 million workers have already had tax cut bonuses. many of them thousands and thousands of dollars per worker, and it's getting more every month, every week. back to jane on that one. that is trickier. what we do know,
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from a lobby firm here, is that 285 firms that we know of said that as a result of the corporate rate cut, they could create other benefits. but tax reform only really came in at the end of last year. it is in january. we have a little bit more to go before we can really clearly assess the benefits to ordinary american workers. one more thing to look at. foreign policy. here is what the president said about the islamic state group. i am proud to report that the coalition to defeat isis has liberated very close to 100% of the territoryjust recently held by these killers in iraq and in syria and in other locations as well. applause there's no doubt that
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the islamic state group has lost territory — the lighter red on this map shows what it controlled injanuary 2015, the darker red is the beginning of january this year. how else did you assess the president on this issue? he is right about the loss of territory but when he says it is coalition forces that managed to get it back from islamic state, don't forget this is a very complicated conflict. there are multiple people involved. not least the syrian government. syrian government forces backed by russia and iran have indeed been responsible for taking back a lot of that territory. perhaps the bigger issue was the threat still remains. very, very useful. thanks to you, jane, and the reality check team.
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you can get lots of reality checks everyday. just search for bbc reality check and find your way to their website. the number of known victims of larry nassar has risen to 265. we have talked about him a lot. he was a doctor for usa gymnastics and he was jailed for 175 years last week. he's now back in court for his another sentencing hearing — 65 more victims will confront him. one of them, jessica thomashow. here's some of her statement. i would like to say something to my abuser, larry nassar. you took advantage of my innocence and trust. you were my doctor. why? i ask myself that question all the time, especially while i am laying in bed crying myself to sleep. what you did to me was twisted. you manipulated me and my entire family. how dare you. this is annie labrie's testimony.
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a paedophile cannot flourish in the way larry did in an an environment that is not conducive to his behaviour. while justice has been served for this sexual predator, it is imperative that we as a society do not view this as an isolated incident. he was prolific because surrounding authorities allowed him to be. because the gymnastics world allowed him to be. because still women are not perceived to be credible. nada tawfik is in new york. help me understand the process here. what's the difference between what's happening now and what we saw last week? well, as part of larry nassar‘s plea agreement, he basically pleaded guilty to two separate set the mark of state charges. the sentencing last week was on seven counts of sexual assault againstjohn women at michigan state university and his home. the sentencing hearing is ford three counts of sexual assault when
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he is accused of molesting young women at her gymnastics club in a different part of michigan. and so that's why you have a separate sentencing hearing. that's why it is another opportunity for these young, brave women to come forward and speak out against it before he is sentenced by thejudge. he could get 25-a0 sentenced by thejudge. he could get 25—a0 yea rs sentenced by thejudge. he could get 25—a0 years for each of the counts but as we know he will spend the rest of his life in prison. a tweet from usa gymnastics says michigan state... usa gymnastics has received resignations from the board of directors. i guess that there was a certain inevitability? next usa committee basically told usa gymnastics said, look, you can have your board of directors completely resign or be will take away your governing authority. they thought obviously that the best case scenario to go forward with the sport, to support young gymnasts was
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to have the board resign. this is something that the sport's most famous members and gold olympians we re famous members and gold olympians were asking for, and so they gone through with that. the us olympic committee, it is worth pointing out, still has to do an independent investigation into what happened. both of those bodies are still going to be under investigation so this is a long road. it's only not the end. a final question about the hearing we re a final question about the hearing were seeing. is it a different judge, is it even a different court? in which weighed only connect?“ judge, is it even a different court? in which weighed only connect? it is a differentjudge and court. they are in two separate counties. again, that's why, after we had that large televised sentencing hearing last week, where we originally had 88 women who would come forward and then the end had 175, thatjudge a clear that she was going to give anybody who accused larry nassar the time to confront him. this judge
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anybody who accused larry nassar the time to confront him. thisjudge has made a similar decision and that's why we, at this point, think they're going to year by the end of this three—day sentencing 65 women come forward. all of it, again, is a way forward. all of it, again, is a way for thejudges to give forward. all of it, again, is a way for the judges to give the healing process to these women who have been irreparably harmed by larry nassar. thanks for explaining that. if you wa nt thanks for explaining that. if you want news on the story and many others, you can go online to our website or download the app for the smartphone. intruiging development for catalonia. its former leader — now in exile — carles puigdemont has accidentally allowed some text messages of his to be filmed. in them, he says his campaign to become president again is "over" and that the spanish government had triumphed against him. he's in brussels to avoid arrest —
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that's all related to the declaration of catalan independence that led. there were fresh elections in december but we await a new president, in part because the spanish government says mr puigdemont cannot return to the job while in exile. let's kenmore road this. —— let's get more on this. gavin lee in barcelona picks up the story. the problem for carles puigdemont and for the wider catalan independence movement was inadvertently borne from his own hands. he sent a message via a supposedly secure messaging app to a colleague in belgium, saying that he feels that the movement with him as leader is over and that the spanish government has triumphed. and that he'll spend the next two years trying to rebuild his reputation, in tatters, he says, because of
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the lies he says came from the spanish government. now, what does that mean for the wider movement? is it true? well, he said on twitter today, he's somewhere in belgium, we're not sure exactly where, but the catalan representation is heard in brussels. we haven't seen him. he says it is true, he did send the messages. it was a very human moment. he felt very down. he spoke to other people since last night and he will still continue to be the leader of the independence movement and will try to be present. but here is the difficulty and perhaps why he was sending the messages. because he has to be physically present in parliament for the inauguration vote. it was suspended yesterday and is supposed to happen in ten days' time. but he is here, 800 miles away, facing arrest if he comes to spain. he declared independence illegally last year. he is wanted in relation to rebellion allegations. what happens from here? many say that if the stalemate continues, parliament could dissolve within two months and new elections to come. that's why many are asking right now, is at the end for carles puigdemont, for the man, if not the movement? he says
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no, not yet. let's switch from spain to afghanistan. it has been a desperate ten days. the attacks of the utmost seriousness. hotel was attacked, the amber rudd ‘s bomb at the weekend and at the beginning of this week, and at the beginning of this week, and army units defending and national defence university was attacked. all of them involve multiple deaths. islamist militants shot themselves we very much present in afghanistan. the bbc has done its own study and found that its active in 70% of the country. the taliban controls 1a districts — marked here in brown. they have a presence in another 263 districts — marked in varying degrees of orange. the darker the orange, the more frequent the attacks. you can see dark orange in a number
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of districts in the south—east. lighter oranges in the more central districts. and if we focus on helmand province, four districts have fallen to the taliban since foreign troops withdrew back in 201a. so, in underfouryears, so, in underfour years, four districts have completely fallen. one last statistic. 8,500 civilians were killed or injured in the first nine months of last year. bear all that in bearall that in mind bear all that in mind as we watch this report. bbc‘s auliya atrafi has this report from helmand province. this is malik. he'511. and too traumatised to speak to us. he was playing in his garden when he lost his legs. and his best friend.
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to a taliban landmine. today malik is walking for the first time since the explosion. translation: children go through utter fear every night. it's a horrific life. it's so volatile that we live by hours and minutes. we are the living dead. last year, doctors at this red cross clinic in the lashkargah fitted almost a thousand people with new limbs. from the very old. to the very young. the violence does not discriminate. helmand was the base of the british army in afghanistan. hundreds of soldiers died defending these streets. but since their withdrawal almost half of the province has fallen to the taliban.
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and the violence is spreading. just ten minutes from hospital, the frontline. it is very rare for international journalists to come this far. the soldiers say the militants are so close they exchange insults. today though swearing is not enough. we just got fired at by the taliban from that direction and now the police are returning the fire. this is their frontline. and it shows how volatile it is. although we are told it is normally quiet during the day, but this shooting proves otherwise. despite the danger, defending lashkargah is crucial. if the city falls, so does the whole of helmand. and it's a responsibility
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the commander of this battalion takes seriously. he's the man they affectionately call the terminator. half man, and underneath his uniform, half machine. translation: the back of my head was blown off by a rocket. soldiers reported that i was dead on the spot. and my brother came to collect my body. but doctors realised i wasn't dead. they patched up my skull with a metal plate. not long after i stepped on a landmine and lost both my legs. but in afghanistan right now it's not fit for an active commander to sit at home. this province has been at warfor 17 years. helmand is bleeding. and its people feel forgotten.
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we will move away from afghanistan and talk about hillary clinton from and talk about hillary clinton from a couple of minutes. she says she should have fired a former campaign aide who has been accused of sexual harassment. the story's been building for days. here's the statement on facebook. we can zoom in on one part i wanted to highlight. she says... the man she is referring to is burns strider — he was mrs clinton's faith advisor in 2008. last week, the new york
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times broke this story. it reported that mrs clinton overruled calls to sack mr strider after a female colleague made allegations at him. instead, she temporarily docked his pay, ordered he took counselling, and moved the woman to a new role. here's more of the statement. i have been talking to our washington correspondent about this. that is exactly the case. there was a pretty animated response to hillary clinton's initial twitter adds up to the allegations. they we re adds up to the allegations. they were viewed as not taking them seriously enough. there was a piece in the washington post when it was
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said the writer was a supporter of hillary clinton and she defended her against allegations that she mishandled her husband's sexual harassment and assault allegations, and she said she was done with hillary clinton and could not defend this because this was hillary clinton operating as the chief executive, essentially, of her own company, her campaign. and she decided not to fire this person, moved around which is something we have seen time and again with this type of sexual and isn't allegations and that allowed him to get the job later on when he moved to different organisation, where he was fired for harassment there. there were sharp criticism and, yes, hillary clinton had to have a fuller response because it was the democrats in a precarious position when trying to tackle this issue. it is curious that way that this is covered, considering she is no longer a
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politician and will not run again. we have seen the sketch from the grammys that she took part in, that is otherwise a coverage, but republicans continue to attack her. news of a major step forward in the treatment of children with hearing problems. this is in tanzania. in the past, some patients have been forced to travel outside the country of specialist treatment. thanks to government treatment, that is changing and costing a lot of money again. here is the story. she has struggled with her healing since she was born. now hearing operation is about to change this youngster‘s life. in the past, an operation like this would have meant an expensive trip to india or kenya. funded items any and taxpayers. but this time, she was treated in tanzania by local
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doctors at the country's national hospital. 11 children have had surgery hospital. 11 children have had surgery year since lastjuly. and doctors hope to help many more. surgery year since lastjuly. and doctors hope to help many morem africa, we have many children born with profound healing loss. in the past, they would wear hearing aids with no benefit. but with cochlear implant technology, we have a device implanted in the year itself will stop —— in the ear. such real like this one is cost as much as $37,000 per person and was most performed in india. now the cost has been cut in half to at least $15,000 per person. cases of children being born with hearing complications is said to be common in africa. experts associate this problem with inter—familial marriages. these children have been
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born with a hearing problem. but having gone through this suddenly in hospital, it can begin the communication between them, the appearance and their community.” have peace of mind and am happy for the families. we discovered she needed the cochlear implant and we are very happy. i can't really as a mother. the tanzanian government is planning to scale up the programme so planning to scale up the programme so that these corrective surgeries can be done after every three months, so that more children can benefit. now if you're in a part of the world where wednesday night is still to come, watch out for a super blue blood moon. this is a time—lapse of three hours overnight in los angeles. as you will see, as this develops,
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it isa as you will see, as this develops, it is a spectacular sight. it happens in this form very rarely. we get that, and it is really incredible. victoria gill has been watching the skies from the uk just north of london. she recorded this for us. it is a mac to embrace the cold and darkness because in hertfordshire, we are seeing a spectacular film. it is particularly spectacular in the uk tonight because it is the second film another month, a blue moon, coinciding with what we call a supermoon. in the ellipse shaped orbit of the asked, that is where it is closest to the earth. it is about 796 is closest to the earth. it is about 7% bigger than normal. on the other side of the world, asia, australia and some parts of the us, earlier today, gillian guy mac time, they
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witnessed at triple winner spectacular when the super blue blood moon landed at the same time asa blood moon landed at the same time as a total lunar eclipse. that is when the sun's light filters between the sun and the moon and the moon is turned blood red. it is an absolute spectacle. we have enjoyed the show on pictures from the other side of the world. we will be treated here in the uk to another lunar eclipse injuly. and that finishes this edition of outside source. back tomorrow. and so we say goodbye to january. the days are getting longer, the sun getting stronger but make no mistake, winter was far from getting stronger but make no mistake, winter was farfrom over. much colder air moves back across the uk during wednesday. for some others, the return of snow showers in some heavy ones as well. with cold here, you get sparkling
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sunshine occasionally. that was the case on wednesday and it will be the case on wednesday and it will be the case in the next few days. but the coal dealers here for the foreseeable. occasionally, you might get some milder air coming over the atlantic. a bigger area of mild a into the start of next week tries to come in but look out the wife is squeezed out of this. —— look how the life is squeezed out of this. the moisture from these weather systems could fall increasingly as snow. let's get to the day—to—day and other next few days, starting with us to's weather. a quite strong north—west of —— north—westerly floor. snow tends to be on the higher ground of modern scotland, northern ireland, wales, many other places dry with sparkling sunshine and temperatures of around a—7 celsius. a frost on friday morning
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with fewer showers. there will be somewhere that wind is in the north sea coast mainly of rain. lighter winds elsewhere, some of the sunshine traits a fine winter '5 day on friday. remember the area of mild aircoming into the on friday. remember the area of mild air coming into the atlantic? here is the picture of that. outbreaks of rain pushing east on saturday with cold air trading rain pushing east on saturday with cold airtrading a rain pushing east on saturday with cold air trading a chance asleep on shore. as the moisture hangs around eastern parts saturday into sunday, we see it fizzling out during sunday. to the west, after heavy wintry showers on saturday were strong wind, increasingly dry and sunny weather on sunday as things quieten down a bit. but of course, it is still called because the cold tet—mac one winds. we see another one of those at atlantic weather systems. the moisture from that feeds in late on monday into
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tuesday, pushing southwards which could well produce sleet and snow in places. selling something to watch. that is the weather pattern for next week. maybe beyond into the following week as well. high pressure from the azores to the south—west. the flow of air around that means a chilly north—westerly wind with sunshine and someone drew showers. we could see low pressure from the landing moving in. remember, the mild air with these does not win. the moisture could produce some sleet and snow in places and as they pull away, the high pressure pumps back in again, things settle briefly, come back into the chilly north—westerly floral with sunshine and wintry showers. let's break that down. what can we expect? next week into the following weekend and possibly the following weekend and possibly the following week, called air holding on. this is where you get drier, sunnier weather was sparkling sunshine but the chances were true showers. where low pressure comes
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m, showers. where low pressure comes in, it will be wet briefly with a chance of sleet and snow just about anywhere. tonight at 10... the prime minister says she is not a quitter, as she's forced to defend attacks on her leadership. on a trade visit to china, theresa may admitted that the government does need to do more to get its message across. i think there are many people in the united kingdom who want ensure that they and their families can achieve british dream, of ensuring that each generation has a better future than the past. as the prime minister announces a series of new trade agreements with china, we'll be asking if she can overcome her difficulties at home. also tonight... this woman gave birth injail this woman gave birth in jail before her trial collapsed. police and
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prosecutors are criticised over a late disclosure of evidence. the bbc‘s former china editor carrie gracie tells mp5 she's very angry at the way the bbc has treated some of the women it employs.
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