welcome to bbc news, i'm nkem ifejica. our top stories: the uk threatens to cut funding to charities unless they co—operate over safeguarding issues. it comes as oxfam faces more allegations that overseas staff used prostitutes. there's mounting international concern after israel launched a wave of air strikes against targets in syria. britain's foreign secretary says myanmar must ensure rohingya muslims return home safely. a double—decker bus overturns in hong kong killing at least 19. the driver has been arrested. and six golds are to be decided on day two of the winter olympics. the first goes to sweden's charlotte kalla in the women's skiathlon. one of britain's biggest charities, oxfam, faces new allegations that its staff used prostitutes during overseas missions,
this time in chad. it follows allegations against some of oxfam's workers in haiti in 2011. more allegations have emerged from chad and the charity says it is shocked and dismayed. after haiti, now new allegations about the behaviour of some oxfam workers in chad in central africa. they date back to 2006 and also involved prostitutes. the head of mission in chad at the time was the same man who resigned from 0xfam five years later because of the scandal in haiti. 0xfam said it was shocked and dismayed about the latest revelations from chad. it said it can corroborate the information but highlighted unacceptable behaviour by a small number of people. the british
international those funds will be withdrawn unless they can prove they are cooperating fully on safeguarding issues. she called the behaviour by some 0xfa m she called the behaviour by some 0xfam workers in haiti horrific and said it wasjust 0xfam workers in haiti horrific and said it was just one example of a wider issue on which her department was already taking action. figures from 0xfam show the organisation dealt with 87 claims of sexual exploitation last year, 20 members of staff were dismissed. the former secretary of state for international trade is also calling for tougher action. this is now an opportunity for eve ryo ne this is now an opportunity for everyone to make sure that there are very clear and notjust guidelines but actions, action will be taken and money will be withdrawn as well
quite frankly if there is inappropriate behaviour. 0xfa m inappropriate behaviour. 0xfam says that after haiti, it set up 0xfam says that after haiti, it set upa 0xfam says that after haiti, it set up a dedicated safeguarding team to deal with such issues. the charity finds itself at the centre of this particular scandal but the british government said is one example of a wider problem. andy moore, bbc news. the israeli military has described the air strikes it carried out in syria on saturday as probably the biggest of their kind in the last 30 years. a spokesman said 12 sites were hit, including four iranian targets in syria. the attacks took place after an israeli military aircraft was brought down. the us and russia have raised concerns and the un secretary general has called for an immediate de—escalation in syria. 0ur middle east correspondent, tom bateman has more. what was left on israeli soil of one of the country's most advanced fighter jets. it crashed after its two pilots ejected, said israel, amid syrian anti—aircraft fire. 0ne pilot was left severely injured. israel said it scrambled the planes
in response to this, a drone allegedly sent by iranian forces in syria into israeli airspace. it was destroyed. israel then hit the site it said the drone had come from, before further strikes against what it called iranian targets in syria. i've been warning for some time about the dangers of iran's military entrenchment in syria. iran seeks to use syrian territory to attack israel for its professed goal of destroying israel. israel is wary about the threat across its northern border, with the syrian regime, backed by iran and its proxies, like these hezbollah fighters, back in control of much territory. syria's conflict has drawn in her neighbours. there have been dozens
of israeli air strikes in syria in recent years. in december, israel hit what it said was a newly—built iranian military site. as recently as this week, a suspected chemical weapons factory was targeted. iran has accused israel of lies, claiming it has only military advisers in syria. israel says it doesn't want an escalation in syria, but in a highly volatile atmosphere, where any of the players is capable of miscalculation, there remains open the distinct possibility of precisely that. tom bateman, bbc news, jerusalem. britain's foreign secretary, borisjohnson, is in bangladesh where he's been meeting rohingya refugees, who escaped violence in neighbouring myanmar. the british foreign secretary, borisjohnson, is holding talks with myanmar‘s de facto leader, aung san suu kyi, in which he's expected to call for the safe return of rohingya refugees to myanmar.
on saturday, mrjohnson visited a refugee camp on the country's border with bangladesh where he met rohingya muslims who had fled persecution by the burmese military. during the visit, he said it was vital that the refugees be allowed to return to their homes in rakhine state voluntarily, with dignity and under international oversight. police in hong kong say at least 19 passengers have been killed in one of the worst public transport accidents there in two decades. more than 60 others were injured when a double decker bus overturned. the driver has been arrested. sophia tran—thomson has this report. you may find some of the images distressing. the 12m double—decker was taking spectators and workers home from the sha tin racecourse after the last race of the day. the bus appears to have slid and flipped onto its side, hitting a lamppost, which cut through it. the driver has been arrested on counts of causing death and grievous bodily harm by dangerous driving. translation: the driver was ten minutes late and he lost his temper when he started driving. some people were complaining and he drove the bus like he was driving a plane.
when he turned, the bus crashed. translation: it was very chaotic. he drove so fast, the bus toppled immediately when making a turn so all the people fell down and piled up. some passengers managed to climb out of the wreckage on their own. others had to be cut free by the fire brigade. authorities say ten of the injured are in a critical condition fighting for their lives, while a further 20 are in a serious condition. sophia tran—thomson, bbc news. some other stories making the news now. at least 25 people are thought to have died in a bus crash on the indonesian island ofjava. the bus had been taking about a0 local tourists to visit hot springs in the subang region. it's thought the bus hit a motorbike while heading down a hill at speed, causing it to roll over several times. turkey says one of its military helicopters has been shot down in the north of syria. it happened near afrin
where turkish forces are fighting kurdish militants. kurdish fighters say they brought the aircraft down, and claim that 16 turkish soldiers were killed. the turkish military said two soldiers on board the aircraft had died. two police officers in the us state of ohio have been shot and killed in the line of duty. the officers were responding to an emergency call in westerville in when they were fired at. the suspect was injured and is receiving treatment in hospital. president trump says his thoughts and prayers are with the officers and their families. thousands of demonstrators have taken part in an anti—racism march in the central italian town of macerata a week after a far—right extremist drove round the city shooting at africans, wounding six people. the drive—by attack followed the arrest of a nigerian suspected of murdering and dismembering a local woman. president trump has spoken out about his decision to block the release of a classified democratic party memo concerning the fbi's russia probe.
mr trump tweeted that the document was very political and long and would have to be heavily redacted before it could be released. our correspondent, david willis, has the latest from washington. last week, president trump signed off on the release of a republican memo detailing what it alleged were surveillance abuses on the part of the fbi involving a former trump campaign aide, a man called carter page, back in 2016. both the fbi and the justice department advised against the release of that memo, but president trump did so anyway. now, then the democrats got their rebuttal memo together and it went to ten pages, considerably longer than the original republican memo. the fbi and justice department again advised against it being released but this time, the president decided
to back their recommendations. now, the president is a republican, of course, democrats are crying foul. they say it's a double standard. they say this is all evidence of the fact that, in their view, president trump has something to hide. meanwhile, the president himself tweeted, basically saying the democrats knew that large parts of their memo would have to be heavily redacted. thus, by submitting it to the white house, they set the white house and the president up for claims of lack of transparency. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: a test bed for space travel. why these zero—gravity guinea pigs are spending three days flat on their backs. there's mr mandela.
mr nelson mandela, a free man, taking his first steps into a new south africa. iran's spiritual leader ayatollah khomeini has said he's passed a death sentence on salman rushdie, the british author of a book which many muslims say is blasphemous. the people of haiti have flocked to church to give thanks for the ousting of their former president, 'baby doc' duvalier. because of his considerable value as a stallion, shergar was kept in a special secure box in the stud farm's central block. shergar was driven away in a horse box the thieves had brought with them. there stepped down from the plane a figure in mourning. elizabeth ii, queen of this realm and of all her other realms and territories. head of the commonwealth, defender of the faith. this is bbc news.
the latest headlines: the uk is threatening to cut funding to charities unless they co—operate over safeguarding issues. it comes as oxfam faces more allegations that overseas staff used prostitutes. there's mounting international concern after israel launched a wave of air strikes against what it called iranian targets in syria. in 1996, the racist white minority leaders of south africa had been replaced by the country's first democratic government led by nelson mandela. but after so many years of brutality and abuse, the past threatened the future peace of the new rainbow nation. the truth and reconciliation commission aimed to help south africans bear the burden of their history. judge sisi khampepe shared her memories of serving on the commission with our witness team. we are charged to unearth the truth about our dark past,
to lay the ghosts of that past so that they will not return to haunt us. i was a member of the truth commission and also a member of the amnesty committee. south africans face a collective test today. the reaction to these hearings will show whether they are able to expose the sins of apartheid, yet free themselves of the desire for revenge against those who propped up the system. the tlc act allowed amnesty only if the perpetrator confessed to having committed the crime. i did terrible things. i did terrible things to members of the anc. i grew up in soweto, which was rampant with security police. you people. let's get out now, very quickly, 0k? the army presence increased
on streets that began to look like battlegrounds. it felt like hell. parents washed smoke from their children's eyes. being in a city required a special permit if you were a black person. absolutely no freedom of movement. i had also suffered as an activist by being shot in the leg by the police while attending the funeral of a fellow student. it was at the graveyard where the police again started shooting. you have got two minutes to disperse! i survived. others were killed on the spot. it's a scar which is a constant reminder of where i come from. i knew the harshness of the system first hand. yet, as a member of the amnesty committee, i had to decide that these people
had to be granted amnesty, not because they were apologetic, but merely because they disclosed the truth. that was really difficult. did you then shoot him? yes, that is correct. people would cryjust by listening to the explanation that was given of how people were tortured. people were killed. what kind of man uses a method like this one to other human beings? there were occasions when people who applied for amnesty did say sorry. those were few and far in between. but it was extraordinarily difficult for me when people did not even care to apologise. translation: there was no
other way other than to eliminate these people. these hearings provide a forum for those who have been treated in the past as if they were rubbish. archbishop desmond tutu was the star of the truth commission. without his leadership, the commission would not have been able to attain its objective. i think the tlc process ensured that people were not vengeful, that there was proper public acknowledgement and recognition of those who had suffered. translation: we are asking from you do please forgive us. we are still going through a process of coming out of our grief. but here we have the lovely people who are generous, their generosity is always amazing.
i wake up every morning and i am grateful that, after all, i am a south african. judge sisi khampepe and her memories of serving on south africa's truth and reconciliation commission. british scientists have enlisted volunteers to help them look at the effects of zero gravity. the study involves spending three days in bed, which researchers hope will help them understand the adverse effect of weightlessness on the human body. we meet two of the resting volunteers in the medical lab. hannah meredith has more. this is the nearest i will be to being in space. it is light but not
as we know it. ten volunteers will spend three days in a bed that is tipped by minus six degrees. the head lower than the body to simulate the effects of zero gravity. it is a term used for the participants to iron —— undertake bed rest studies. on earth, our bodies are working against gravity but in space, weightlessness creates problems. they have muscle wasting and develop osteoporosis. they come back to earth prediabetic and that is because they are being so in active, they are not contracting their muscles. it is a project run alongside the european space agency. biopsies measure how the body is coping but how are they getting on themselves? you are slightly upside down so is not like literally upside down so is not like literally upside down but there is a weed distribution in your body. after a while, you got used to it. —— weird. it feels like you are lying in bed.
i watched an entire netflix series yesterday. today, i have more freedom with my arms so i will be writing my thesis. it is estimated it could take nine months rusted get to mars. ——9 months to get to mars. scientists are working to make sure oui’ scientists are working to make sure our bodies can withstand the journey. all the money is being funnelled into their long—term bed rest projects because we are rapidly trying to develop the best interventions we can to make sure if we getan interventions we can to make sure if we get an astronaut to mars, bacon undertake their duties. after three daysin undertake their duties. after three days in bed, they will be three days rehab to the return to earth a fact. a small step in the world of space exploration but all part of the giant leap toward manned missions to mars. the main bridge between the two countries of venezuela has been
opening and closing intermittently since . the us president said there is no daylight between the us, south korea andjapan on daylight between the us, south korea and japan on the need to isolate north korea until it abandoned its nuclear programme. mike pence was speaking on his way home from the winter olympics where the sister of kim jong—un delivered an invitation to south korea's president to visit south korea for talks. now to the action at the winter olympics in pyeongchang — and some of the achievements so far. there's been a first games gold for the usa. teenager red gerard won the men's slope—style snowboard title. the seventeen—year—old is competing in his debut olympics. sweden's charlotte kalla won the first gold medal of pyeongchang 2018, in the womens cross country skiing event. in the same event, bjorgen claimed a
medal to become the most decorated. hosts south korea brought the day's loudest cheers for their first gold — as lim hyo—jun clinched the men's 1500m short—track skating title. elise christie — who is great britain's brightest hope for a gold medal — qualified for the 500 metres short track speed—skating, quarter—final in a time that set a new olympic record. and — it was good day for germany — as laura dahlmeier secured gold in the women's biathlon 7.5km sprint — and andreas wellinger, won gold in the men's normal hill ski jump. ajoint north and south korean hockey team is competing at the winter olympics — but it's not the first time the two foes have joined forces.
in 1991, they sent a unified team to the world table tennis championships. that was where south korean champ, hyunjung—hwa met the north's, ri pun-hui. the two friends led their team to sporting glory — and were then separated forever. this is their story. now its carnival season in brazil but it's notjust the people who are getting involved. away from the sambadrome some of rio's most pampered pooches have joined in the carnival spirit. elaborate floats, ela borate floats, costu mes elaborate floats, costumes and downs is alljudged. away from the sambadrome some of rio's most pampered pooches have joined in the carnival spirit. led by some enthusiastic owners they marched to the samba beat in a wide variety of colourful outfits. organisers said they were hoping to highlight how carnival is for all of rio's residents to enjoy... don't forget you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter, i'm @nkemifejika. thanks for being with bbc news — join us again soon. hello there.
it looks like sunday's going to be a brighter day than certainly what we had on saturday — all that cloud and rain. but it will be a cold — certainly colder than saturday. the gale force winds easing down in the morning. then we should see sunshine and wintry showers for many areas with snow, even falling down to lower levels as well. this is the deep area of low pressure which will bring these strong winds during the overnight period. and as we head into sunday morning, those gales will be easing from eastern areas. but it's going to be a blustery day with wintry showers piling into the northern and western areas. the gales easing away from the east areas, like i mentioned, but still quite a blustery day. it's going to feel cold. there will be plenty of sunshine around southern and central and eastern areas but i think into the afternoon, even a few
wintry showers reaching the midlands, maybe into the south—east of england as well, but certainly very windy in the north of scotland with snowfall accumulations continuing to mount up. it's going to be a cold day. as we head on in towards sunday night, much of the same, really. with further wintry showers or even longer spells of snow across the north and the west of the country and it's going to be a cold night. subzero values central northern areas, so there will be a risk of ice to watch out for first thing on monday morning. but actually, monday is not looking too bad. there'll be plenty of sunshine around. in fact, more sunshine than what we'll see on sunday. a few wintry showers across northern and western areas. the wind beginning to pick up here towards the end of the day ahead of the next weather front which will be moving in off the atlantic. another chilly day. temperatures five to around eight degrees. now, as we head through monday night into tuesday, this weather front will push its way eastwards across the country, encountering
that cold air, so it looks like we could see some considerable snow on its leading edge, certainly across northern areas. over the pennines, central southern scotland could see quite a lot of snow as this weather front moves through. eventually, it clears through as we go through the course of tuesday with skies brightening up behind, but we will see further wintry showers moving into scotland and northern ireland. and those temperatures again chilly — 4—6 celsius. a brief ridge of high pressure calms things down as we head on in towards wednesday. the next weather system moves in off the atlantic, and it's a repeat performance once again. it bumps into that cold air, we could see disruptive some snow across the northern half of the country. 10cm to maybe 20cm of snow over the higher ground of scotland, in fact, and even snow down to lower levels. further south, it will be mainly of rain. but it's going to be quite a messy day, i think, on wednesday. maybe something a little less cold across the south but it's still going to feel on the chilly side. as we head on through the rest of the week, thursday and friday looks much of the same — on the chilly side. this is bbc news, the headlines:
the uk has threatened to cut funding to charities unless they co—operate over safeguarding issues. it comes as oxfam faces allegations that overseas staff used prostitutes on missions in haiti and chad. the british charity says it's shocked and dismayed by the claims. tensions between israel and syria have intensified after israeli fighter planes launched bombing raids across the border. israel says it's been targeting iranian positions on syrian territory. the us and russia have expressed concern over the attacks while the un has called for an immediate de—escalation. the british foreign secretary has arrived in myanmar, where he will call for rohingya muslims to be allowed to return safely to their homes. earlier, borisjohnson visited a refugee camp in neighbouring bangladesh, ahead of his meeting with the burmese leader, aung san suu kyi. that's it from me. the breakfast team is here at 6am. now on bbc news, politics europe.