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tv   Victoria Derbyshire  BBC News  February 28, 2018 9:00am-11:00am GMT

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hello, it's wednesday 28th february, it's 9 o'clock, i'm victoria derbyshire, welcome to the programme. amber warnings for snow are in place for large part of the country. drivers have been one to take care, hundreds of schools are closed and public transport is widely affected. with more snow overnight and temperatures falling as low as minus 12, some councils have brought in emergency measures to offer immediate accommodation to people sleeping on the streets. we'll be talking to one rough sleeper and two people who have a roof over their heads but can't afford heating. a key document detailing the proposed terms of the uk's departure from the eu has just been published. it says northern ireland will have to follow the rules of the eu's single market if no one can come up with a plan to avoid a so—called hard border with barriers and checks. we are absolutely clear there will be no hard border in northern ireland. it's really important we don't go back to the borders of the past, and that is why we are seeking special arrangements with the european union. and we'll talk exclusively to the top police officer tasked with catching britain's paedophiles.
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it comes as a charity set up to help victims of child abuse says it saw a huge increase in contacts to its helpline and website after footballer andy woodward appeared on our programme talking about the abuse he was subjected to by paedophile coach barry bennell. welcome to the programme, we're live until 11 this morning. after 10, we'll talk about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. the adhd foundation has told our programme they're writing to the government to demand earlier diagnosis for children. they say delays mean too many children end up being excluded from school. do get in touch on all the stories we're talking about this morning use the hashtag #victorialive and if you text, you will be charged
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at the standard network rate. if you have adhd or you have a child with adhd, letter snow, your experiences. the european union has, in the past hour, published a draft of its brexit withdrawal agreement for the first time, detailing the terms of the uk's departure. it is expected to say that northern ireland will have to follow the rules of the single market, if other solutions can't be found, to avoid a so—called hard border with barriers and checks. downing street has dismissed any prospect of a return to a hard border. let's talk to norman at westminster. is this border issue the big issue oi’ is this border issue the big issue orare is this border issue the big issue or are there a number that are going to come out of this document? this is the big brexit bust up. this is the first we have had where both sides seem to have dug in, and we
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could be facing a real showdown. you just listen to the language around it this morning, with brexiteers accusing the european commission of trying to annex in northern ireland, a former eu trade commissioner saying the uk is heading towards a cliff edge of northern ireland. what is going on? when we were in the eu and the customs market, there wasn't and the customs market, there wasn't a problem because they did not have to bea a problem because they did not have to be a border between northern ireland and the republic of ireland because we were all in the eu together. however, when we leave, the question is, how do you avoid a border? the answer we get from the eu today is that northern ireland would remain in the eu's customs union. so it would still abide by many of the rules and regulations of the eu when it came to trade and therefore there wouldn't be any need for border. but downing street say this is competing unacceptable
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because it would threaten the territorial integrity of the uk, it would be almost moving northern ireland away from the uk and closer to the eu. mrs may is dependent, has government is reliant on the support of the dup who are adamantly opposed to the idea of moving away from the uk and closer to the eu. we have a fundamental clash looming over this issue of the northern ireland border. it's very hard to see how you can mesh the two sides together. this could really be a key sticking point in the brexit process. thank you, norman. we will talk more about this in the next hour of the programme. let's bring you the rest of the news. it's another morning of freezing conditions after temperatures fell to —12 in some areas overnight. the cold weather has already
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caused major disruption, but forecasters say the worst is yet to come, with warnings in place until the weekend. here's our correspondent jon donnison. the so—called "beast from the east" has already left much of britain under a blanket of snow. this is kent, which has received some of the worst of the weather so far. on the ground it has been a much less pretty picture for drivers, with the police reporting scores of accidents across the country. today again conditions on the roads are expected to be treacherous. weather warnings for ice and snow are in place for much of the uk. they are expected to remain until the weekend. yorkshire and the north east have seen some of the heaviest snowfall. with more expected today, many schools are likely to stay closed. when i was younger the snow was thicker and we still managed to get to school. i think it is the teachers who can't get in. that is the problem in this area
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because of the outlying villages that the teachers come from. for britain's homeless, this is in central london, it was another tough night, temperatures down to —10 in some parts and feeling much colder in the wind. the elderly too are vulnerable. in hull extra staff at meals on wheels services are being brought in to deliver hot food. i can't get out to get meals and things. so it's just wonderful. the only complaint i have got is they never bring you a drop of brandy! and over the next few days that might be needed. forecasters say they expect no letup in the freezing weather until at least the weekend. jon donnison, bbc news. let's get the latest from our correspondents out and about now. let's go to glasgow and the north
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yorks moors. how bad is it in glasgow? it is pretty awful although it doesn't look it was the beautiful blue sky. we're getting a bit of respite. glasgow has more or less ground to hold this morning, there's been problem on the motorways, the m 74, the been problem on the motorways, the m 7a, the route between scotland and england, there's almost been white out conditions on that. this is the picture across most of the country today. glasgow airport has suspended its operations while they try and clear the runway, they hope the run will be open soon. train services have been affected and the advice from the government is don't travel u nless from the government is don't travel unless you really have two unless you are in an amber warning area. —— if you are in an amber warning area. we can vouch for that, the roads are very slippery this morning. the winners if you want to look at it that way are tens of thousands of
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schoolchildren who have got an unexpected day off as all councils in southern and central counters, most councils, sorry, have closed their schools. check the bbc website if you need information. the weather is expected to take a turn for the worse. the amber warning is at its highest level which our forecasters say they have never seen before with snow and it could be on the cusp of becoming an red warning. my colleague is in north yorkshire. yes, good morning. mrs thornton le dale on the edge of the north york moors. —— this is thornton le dale. they have had six centimetres of snow, they have had six centimetres of show, you can they have had six centimetres of snow, you can see how deep that freshly fallen snow is. the main route through the village has been gritted and ploughed but as quickly as they plough, they get more snow coming down. the bus is heading to
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kirkbymoorside but the bust timetables are disrupted quite considerably at the moment due to the bad conditions. the wind chill in the village is about —12 at the moment, so it cuts in half. hundreds of schools across yorkshire is shut, the local village school here is closed today, conditions much worse than yesterday if you're heading out. do take care, allow plenty of journey time. if you have a vulnerable neighbour, the idea is to maybe check on them to make sure they are k. —— 0k. it is not just they are k. —— 0k. it is notjust the uk experiencing freezing conditions, the so—called beast from the east has brought heavy snow across europe. record temperatures and snow for paralysed pa rt temperatures and snow for paralysed part of croatia causing havoc on the roads and causing residents to evacuate several but villages. we
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can see the depth of the snowfall in bosnia. in bulgaria, villagers were left without electricity and schools we re left without electricity and schools were closed. some of the ice used conditions were reported in italy with rome seeing snow for the first time in six years. public satisfaction with gp services has fallen to the lowest levels ever recorded, according to a new survey. the findings from the british social attitudes survey show people in england, scotland and wales having concerns around a lack of funding and staff shortages. here's our health correspondent dominic hughes. each working day more than a million of us will access the nhs through our local gp. in previous surveys of public attitudes to the health service they have been the most highly rated, but the most recent poll shows a significant fall in satisfaction, mirroring the overall picture of the nhs. the annual survey shows overall satisfaction at 57% is down by 6%, the lowest since 2011. gp services, normally top
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of the poll, fell by 7% to 65%, the lowest since the survey began in 1983. staff shortages and a lack of funding were two of the main reasons people say for being dissatisfied. we know people are increasingly dissatisfied with their access to getting gp appointments and so on, so there is something to be done. it is notjust about money to fix the problems, but these are the things the public notice and care about and it is something the government should also notice and care about. overall satisfaction levels with the nhs are still higher than in the 1990s and the department of health and social care points out the majority of patients are satisfied with the nhs. but gps say underinvestment and a shortage of doctors is now having an impact on their patients. president trump's son—in—law and senior adviser, jared kushner, has had his security clearance
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at the white house downgraded. having previously had a leading role in the administration, mr kushner now won't be able to view sensitive documents. there's speculation his previous business dealings may be the reason for his change of status. a bbc charity says it has sacked six people for sexual harassment or for watching pornography on work computers. bbc media action said the incidents happened overseas in the past ten years and those sacked were all foreign nationals. it comes as international charities face closer scrutiny following claims of sexual misconduct by oxfam staff in haiti. two big high street names are on the brink of collapse with both toys r us and maplin trying to find buyers. the struggling retailers, two of the uk's best known chains, are understood to have put administrators on stand—by after failing to secure a rescue deal. toys r us employs around 3,000 workers, whilst maplin has 2,500 members of staff.
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the vast majority of cannabis seized by police has been found to be super—strength skunk, which is linked to a higher risk of psychotic mental health episodes. researchers at king's college london say the increasing dominance of such high strength strains of the drug poses a significant risk to the mental health of users. in 2005 only half of cannabis confiscations related to skunk, but that rose to 94% by 2016. spice girl mel b has revealed that the band have been invited to the wedding of prince harry and meghan markle. appearing on a us talk show, she declined to comment on whether the group would be performing at the royal wedding in may. the news comes after reports that the five members of the group reunited recently for the first time since 2012. that's a summary of the latest bbc news.
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more at 9:30. inafew in a few moments, we will get an exclusive interview with the police officer in charge of catching the paedophiles of the uk. ben stokes really making his presence felt in the england cricket site? he's had a lot of bad headlines recently. but... another great display from ben stokes as he settles back into the england side. england have beaten new zealand this morning by six wickets to level the one—day series at 1—1. the all—rounder was playing in his second match on his return after five months out, he was named man—of—the—match after hitting an unbeaten 63, taking two wickets and being involved in two run outs. england dismissed the hosts for 223 in tauranga. england captain eoin morgan had a knock of 62. the third match of the best—of—five series starts on saturday in wellington. undoubtably, i think this is the
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greatest thing to have happened so far today... check out this, one of the sixes which sent england on their way to victory was brilliantly caught by a fan in the crowd. if you can catch the ball with one hand in the stands you win 25,000 pounds, that's exactly what this guy did and look a the celebration. he knocks his friend out of the way and tries to go for it, that man!|j love and tries to go for it, that man!” love it, i could watch that all day! but there was a football player who didn't let the blizzard interrupt his game? yes, a couple of players... almost a whole round of non—league games were wiped out in england last night because of the snow, with six games in the scottish leagues also called off — but in league 1, peterbrough walsall went ahead despite these scenes at london road — this is a video of the peterborough players steven taylor and junior morias grabbing some brooms to help clear the lines as heavy snow fell during their 2—1 win.
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i think they were doing that because they were 2—1 up, i don't think if they were 2—1 up, i don't think if they were 2—1 down they would be working as hard! peterborough got the 2-1 working as hard! peterborough got the 2—1win. it looks more like a cross country course in the winter 0lympics rather than a football pitch! know what chance do rochdale have of knocking their opponents out of the fa cup tonight, tottenham? slim! tottenham are fourth in the premier league unbeaten in 15 games, rochdale are bottom of league 1. 63 places between them. but what a expericnce this will be for rochdale who have nothing to lose tonight, they will dare to dream. rochdale manager keith hill says his team must act "like a premier league side" in tonight's replay at wembley. the league one side scored late on to draw 2—2 with tottenham earlier this month. steve davies with the dramatic injury—time equaliser the winner of tonight's tie will play swansea who are into the quarter finals of the fa cup for the first time since 1964.
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2—0 they beat sheffield wednesday in theirfifth round replay last night, that's nathan dyer with the second as swansea boss caros carvallyhal got one over the team who sacked him in december. —— carlos ca rvalhal. i'll be back with the headlines at 9.30 full first this morning, an interview with the police officer in charge of catching britain's paedophiles. his name is simon bailey, he's the chief constable of norfolk police and the national police chiefs council lead on combating child abuse. he also heads up 0peration hydrant, the nationwide inquiry into historical child sexual abuse. it comes as a national child abuse helpline reveals there were more than 10,000 call attempts and 50% rise in visits to their website in the five weeks after footballer andy woodward appeared on our programme talking about the abuse he suffered at the hands of paedophile coach barry bennell. napac, the national association for people abused in childhood saw
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a surge in the number of people getting in touch in the five weeks between 16 november and 20 december 2016. we will speak to chief constable bailey ina we will speak to chief constable bailey in a moment. first here's a reminder of how the football abuse scandal unfolded. the impact it's had on my life is just catastrophic and you live with that all your life. and i can't put into words what that has done to me. he sighs. both my parents have died and that hurts me. yeah. not telling them. does it? yeah. i don't know that it's a good thing that i did or i didn't tell them because they would blame themselves.
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this has not been easy for me to do but i felt that i needed to do this so that other people will come out. i've lived a normal life, as normal as i can. but when you've got something like that inside of you, it's something like that is going to stay with you until the day you die. what we've got to do is to make sure that those victims are supported. that this doesn't turn into an exercise where football tries to protect its own reputation. when you signed that confidentiality agreement,
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what were you thinking when they wanted you to keep quiet about it, about the abuse that you'd suffered? with the document, i was basically pushed into a corner. let's talk to chief constable simon bailey, the lead officer for child protection at the national police chiefs councils and the head of operation hydrant, the nationwide inquiry into historical child sexual abuse. if you have a question for him, send me an e—mail or message me on twitter. chief constable bailey, thank you for speaking to us. last week we saw former football coach
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gary benno sentenced to 31 years in jailfor abusing boys gary benno sentenced to 31 years in jail for abusing boys in gary benno sentenced to 31 years in jailfor abusing boys in the 1970s, 80s and 90s. how do you react to the outcome of that trial?” 80s and 90s. how do you react to the outcome of that trial? i have obviously watched the trial with interest —— barry bennell. i have been engaged with a number of parties involved and i was of course very pleased to see the outcome and i thinkjustice will be seen to have been served. as you are the lead on combating child sexual abuse, is it right that the police spend time and resources investigating allegations from 30 or years ago? i think you have seen in your programmes and in the football scandal in particular, the damage has been done and the fact is now bennell is serving a long custodial sentence for the crimes he has committed. it will take time and we should investigate these allegations because age is no barrier to continuing to offend. i think it is
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important that the police service is able to demonstrate a commitment to taking allegations of this nature seriously. the victims have the confidence to come forward and report abuse. so that we can ensure that their abusers are no longer in a position of trust and are no longer able to carry on abusing. a position of trust and are no longer able to carry on abusingm a paedophile did it 30 years ago, they could still be doing it now, thatis they could still be doing it now, that is one of the justifications for investigating historical allegations? absolutely, we still received reports where adult males, in particular, are still abusing into their 70s or 80s. is there a danger to children in britain from sexual abuse, is that danger growing now? unfortunately i think it is, if you look at the increasing number of reports and crimes we are recording, iam certain reports and crimes we are recording, i am certain that victim confidence is having a lot to do with that increase but i cannot help but think
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that volumes of levels of abuse are increasing and i think so much of this is being driven by the world wide web. if you look at the action that law enforcement is taking place across the country, targeting those people who are viewing it indecent images of children, we are arresting 430 men every month. we are safeguarding 700 children every month, that is just from offenders viewing images. that is not from the tens of thousands of men predominantly going online to groom children, so that they provide them with a sexualise image, or groom them to then rape them. u nfortu nately i them to then rape them. unfortunately i think we have to look at it from a societal perspective and we now have two consider that unfortunately there are no more opportunities to abuse and abuse could well be on the increase. how many potential child abusers do you think there are in
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britain? i think that is very difficult to put in and on. potentially it could be unhelpful. sorry to interrupt, you havejust said that you are arresting 438 men every month, and that is just for viewing indecent images. that is correct, i think we have to accept that there are tens of thousands that there are tens of thousands that there are tens of thousands that the most important thing from my perspective is that u nfortu nately, my perspective is that unfortunately, the focus has been upon the police service and what i believe has been a very strong response to the threat. but ultimately, victoria, every time we make an arrest, the damage has already been done and we have to start looking at how we prevent the abuse in the first place. for me, that is around ensuring that parents are confident around speaking to their children about the risks of technology and also the threat that exists within that familial circle and for children to have a resilience and confidence to report any concerns. the importance of
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reinforcing the message within schools and the importance of psa chief education and awareness and, from a technical perspective, we have to start putting pressure on companies that provide networks, infrastructure and platforms that allow people to perpetrate abuse —— pshe education. i will ask about technology in a moment but can you confirm potentially there are tens of thousands of paedophiles in britain. is that 20,000, 30,000?” think 20,000 is probably a conservative estimate. so what, double that? i'm not sure that trying to put a figure on it and gaina trying to put a figure on it and gain a headline is helpful. i'm actually just trying to gain a headline is helpful. i'm actuallyjust trying to understand the scale of it in this country. the scale of it is huge. there is absolutely no doubt in my mind whatsoever. i think it is one of the greatest threats we currently face
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from a policing perspective. you only have to look at the activity taking place across the country every single day, dealing with reports of non—recent abuse, dealing with reports of familial abuse, which is still by far the greatest volume of abuse that we take that then looking at how we meet the challenges of abuse that is being perpetrated through digital technology. and the increasing volumes that we had to deal with than the chain —— changing volume of that. now we are dealing with an emerging threat where live streaming platforms are affording men and on occasions women the opportunity to seek to groom children. and what should the social media companies, internet companies, do about that? you've made it clear in this interview and i have seen your tweets where you have said other stakeholders, as you politely put it, need to match the kind of
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commitment your officers are making? and i genuinely believe the technology exists through artificial intelligence and algorithms that are already there, that we can make uploading of indecent images really difficult and we can take indecent images down. but the greatest threat that i am now seeing is the chat rooms, live streaming applications that are now being used by paedophiles to exploit children, and those companies that are providing those companies that are providing those networks, that infrastructure, i believe they should be policing it. i think it is unrealistic, it is impossible, for the police service to be able to do that as well. recognising all of the challenges that we currently face. the work that we currently face. the work that you face is overwhelming because you are at saturation point? we are having to deal with unprecedented volumes of reports and if we just look back at october
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2016, where did the football scandal come from? andrew woodward had the courage to come forward. look at the volumes of reports that have come forward as a result. look at the demand that was placed upon a number of police forces. are they going to be further incidents or reports like this? i cannot rule it out. if you look at the number of reports that 0peration hydrant receives on a monthly basis, those numbers are still in the region of 120, 125 reports every month. we are getting a really good understanding of where non—recent abuse has been perpetrated. it is predominantly in schools and within care settings. but that is just one of the volumes of reports that we are having to deal with. as we said, familial abuse takes place within the home environment or the immediate home environment. that still accounts for the greatest amount of abuse. but there is no doubt in my mind that technology is now affording people that have a sexual interest in
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children an opportunity to abuse in a way that they were never, ever able to previously. i would like to ask you about self—styled paedophile hunters, normally parents, who set out to catch people who may be grooming children and arranging to meet what they think our children or teenagers but turn out to be the so—called paedophile hunters, are they doing the right thing?” so—called paedophile hunters, are they doing the right thing? i have said on numerous occasions that i do not think they are doing the right thing. they are taking unnecessary risks, they are putting children's lives at risk. they are putting the lives at risk. they are putting the lives of innocent people at risk. this is not something that should be tackled by people who are not professional or trained, and have undertaken the correct risk assessments. this should be left to the police and members of the public have concerns that an individual may
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be seeking to groom a child, or sexually abuse a child, they should report their concerns to us so that we can act upon those concerns. i want to ask you finally how you go about investigating crimes from so long ago, if you can give an insight, there are no forensics, you cannot do house—to—house enquiries, so how do you go about making those investigations and building a case? the most important thing is we thoroughly investigate and research and listened with great care and consideration to the victims that are coming forward, and through that process , we are coming forward, and through that process, we gain their confidence. and they're able to demonstrate that confidence to disclose more and more and that will point us in the direction of other victims. you then develop a rich picture where people are able to recall certain times and places where certain people were there. and andrew woodward was the
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catalyst, and your programme shone a light on this. some anime or victims then had the —— so many more victims then had the —— so many more victims then had the confidence to come forward. so much of our work on non—recent investigations is around the skills and ability of incredibly talented and dedicated police officers spending time getting the confidence of victims and survivors who are then able to create that rich picture where they demonstrate a system of abuse, a particular style of abuse. and they are able to present to the courts really compelling cases. thank you very much for coming on the programme, we appreciate your time, thank you. chief comes the simon bailey, the police officer, —— constable simon bailey, the lead officerfor the operation hydrant. you heard him warn about the dangers of life live
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streaming, and the become please could be doing more in terms of technology and algorithms to interrupt and put a block on child sexual abuse images that are co nsta ntly u ploaded to sexual abuse images that are constantly uploaded to the internet. you also heard him saying he thinks potentially there are 20,000 paedophiles in britain and that in a way, the police are overwhelmed by all the reports but nevertheless encouragement to anybody who has experienced child sexual abuse to report it to the police. still to come: the snow may have disrupted your travel this morrning but what about people forced to live in these freezing conditions? we'll be speaking to a man who's been homeless for 18 years about how he's been coping. time for a summary of the latest bbc news. the european union's chief
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negotiator michel barnier will publish the first draft of the eu exit treaty this morning detailing the terms of the uk's departure. the d raft the terms of the uk's departure. the draft document is expected to say the northern ireland would have two follow eu single market rules to avoid a so—called hard border with checks and barriers and less alternatives are found. downing street has dismissed any prospect of a return to hard border. the cold weather has intensified overnight bringing more disruption to parts of the uk. drivers have been warned to take extra care as emergency services deal with stranded motorists and crashes. hundreds of schools are closed and public transport is widely affected. the public‘s satisfaction with the nhs has seen a sharp decline over the last year, with our opinion of gp services at its lowest level since records began. the latest british social attitudes survey of 3000 people across england, wales and scotland, found that almost a third of respondents were unhappy with the nhs with prolonged waiting times being cited as one of the main concerns.
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president trump's son—in—law and senior adviser, jared kushner, has had his security clearance at the white house downgraded. having previously had a leading role in the administration, mr kushner now won't be able to view sensitive documents. there's speculation his previous business dealings may be the reason for his change of status. two big high street names are on the brink of collapse with both toys r us and maplin trying to find buyers. the struggling retailers, two of the uk's best known chains, are understood to have put administrators on stand—by after failing to secure a rescue deal. toys r us employs around 3,000 workers, whilst maplin has 2,500 members of staff. that's the latest bbc news. ben stokes was named man of the match after hitting 63 for injured either their six wicket win over new zealand which levelled the series at
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1-1. the zealand which levelled the series at 1—1. the all—rounder was playing in his second match after his suspension, england dismissed the hosts. it was 1964 when swansea city last to reach the quarterfinals of the fa cup. that was the year before the fa cup. that was the year before the manager was born but they are through to victory over his old club sheffield wednesday. they will face either tottenham or watch down next, their replay is at wembley tonight, 62 places between the sides. the gap in the top of the scottish permission is down to six point after rangers beat stjohnstone 4—1 but leaders celtic camp away this evening if they take on —— can pull away this evening if they beat their rivals. laura kenny and jason kenny are back in action tonight, they have brought their six—month—old baby with them to the challenge in the netherlands. coverage will be across the bbc. this morning sees a major step
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forward in the negotiations between britain and the european union over brexit. the eu is publishing its first draft agreement for how things like trade and the movement of people will work. the eu's chief negotiator, michel barnier, will be outlining the proposals later. amongst the proposals will be the preferred option on the future of the irish border, and who will ultimately rule on trade disputes involving british and eu companies. to tell us more about what we can expect, let's talk to our political guru norman smith. he will explain it all in plain english which is one of the many reasons why i love you! flattery will get you everywhere!” reasons why i love you! flattery will get you everywhere! i do mean it. let's talk about the border, there is an invisible border between northern ireland and the republic at the moment. and the eu wants it to remain like that. yes, the problem is basically this. at the moment there is no border because northern
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island and the eu are altogether, there doesn't have to be a border, goods can flow across without any problem. 0nce goods can flow across without any problem. once we leave the eu, we're in a different ball game and the conundrum most sites have been wrestling with is how you avoid border checks when the uk and the eu are going to be separate. how do you avoid having to have customs checks along the border between northern ireland and the republic of ireland? the proposal which the eu have come up the proposal which the eu have come up with, or it seems they're going to come up with, is saying that basically, northern ireland can pretty much carry on as is within sort of arrangement where they stick by existing eu rules when it comes to customs and trade, they remain inside the eu customs union. the problem with that from the british government's point of view is they believe that would be carving out a separate deal, almost a separate brexit steel, for northern ireland. and that, they fear, would threaten
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the territorial integrity of the uk. northern ireland would be treated differently from the rest of the uk and it would threaten the single market of the united kingdom because northern ireland would have different trading arrangements and be bound by the rules of the eu. so the british government are going to say no, that is simply not acceptable. the danger then from the eu's point of view is if you're not going to have that kind of arrangement, then you're going to have to have a much harder, fixed border, which is exactly what eve ryo ne border, which is exactly what everyone has been trying to avoid largely because of the peace process. because central to diffusing tensions, hostilities was doing away with any sort of border. the real fears is that if you reintroduce a border, never mind the inconvenience and costs to business, the real fear is you rewind the clock and go back to all the tensions and hostilities and difficulties and sectarian splits
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that so damaged northern ireland and ireland in the past. thank you very much, norman. let's talk to katie daughen from the british irish chamber of commerce, which represents businesses that work in both countries. colm gribben, who has lived and worked on the irish border for his whole life. and the pro—brexit conservative mp nigel evans. nigel evans, this is going to be a problem, what's your solution? nigel evans, this is going to be a problem, what's your solution7m shouldn't be a problem. it's going to be. why? you can make something as difficult as he wants to be but we really are starting from the wrong point. what we ought to be looking at is the deal between the united kingdom and the european union first. this is what michel barnier should be focusing on. but thatis barnier should be focusing on. but that is not what is happening so let's deal with this. i know it is not but it should be. but it isn't, so let's deal... if we get the sort of frictionless deal we get between the eu and the uk, this sort of
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issue that we're talking about in the north and south of ireland this appears, so why did we focus on that? because people are worried. the european union are introducing this is a real issue and a real problem when it shouldn't be. we are starting from the wrong bondage find. secondly, whati starting from the wrong bondage find. secondly, what i would say to michel barnier —— wrong vantage point. what i would say to michel barnier is that he knows the british government doesn't want a hard border between the hard border, the irish taoiseach doesn't want one either so it's not going to happen. and it should not happen unless of course the european union foists that onto the irish and i would be really interested to see what the taoiseach would have to say about that. because we want to see the free flow of goods and services as is happening now. even though boris johnson in that leaked memo suggested that the government should focusing on the irish border becoming significantly harder? he's looking at all the options. it's
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counter the government policy. of course it is but he's looking at all the options. if the european union insists there should be a hard border, it's right we should look at the options. we don't want it, the irish don't want it and i hope we should resist michel barnier. nobody wa nts should resist michel barnier. nobody wants it so what's the issue? it's important to understand that what is being discussed here is illegal under fitting to commitments that we re under fitting to commitments that were made in december by the uk government and the eu. we would agree that a trade agreement is the preferential way of achieving borderless status on the of ireland. but measures need to protect the good friday agreement and all that entails including the all ireland economy. we would still like to see theissue economy. we would still like to see the issue addressed through option a and b, as they are common in
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referred to. but the uk government did make commitments saying that should those options fail, measures would be put in place to keep northern ireland aligned with ireland on regulatory issues and in line with the single market and customs union. all the draft text todayis customs union. all the draft text today is doing is giving the legal underpinning to it. a separate commitment was made by the uk government that should that option come into play, there would be no borders put up to northern ireland and the rest of the uk which is getting a bit less discussion. we would agree that we would want to see a trade agreement come into place that would suggest this issues and we published eight paper which suggests that last year. you have spent your life on the border, expense of the rest of the uk what it mean expense of the rest of the uk what mean to you is their end up being the border. to be honest with you,
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i'm a 46 years of age, i have grown up i'm a 46 years of age, i have grown up in the times troubles and since the ceasefire as well. society has transformed, it was unemployment rates of 30% and more in the 70s and now it is 3%. i think that is because of the free trade across the border. from a purely business point of view, we don't want to see if changing. it's working quite well the way it is and from our perspective, to have any sort of physical border there which would delay the movement of workers and goats, would just be a nightmare to be honest. —— the movement of workers and goods. that is the trade side, what about the peace side? people say if there was a border, checkpoints, that is a target for dissidents in the future. of course, i'm speaking from a business point
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of view. i'm not a politician. no, i'm asking you as a resident of northern ireland. you've lived through the troubles and you've lived when there has not been a border and relative peace, so, that's. .. of course, border and relative peace, so, that's... of course, it's border and relative peace, so, that's. .. of course, it's a border and relative peace, so, that's... of course, it's a reality. nobody wants to see that. i have four kids ranging from 19 to ten, they know nothing but the situation at the minute and that's howl wanted to remain. it does get difficult and hard border is introduced and there's a of any sort of threat, no one wants to see that. nigel evans, what is the difference between labour and the conservative position on brexit? labour have called for a close and cooperative relationship with the eu on exit, the conservative have called for a deeper special religion shipped after brexit. it's all changed with the corbyn speech, saying that they would leave the customs union and
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join customs union which basically hankers after the eu negotiating trade unions —— handcuffs us to the eu negotiating trade. we are not going to be paying billions of pounds of british taxpayers money into the european union to access a market where we have a £70 billion deficit. it's really simple. people ask for clarity, verities. -- there it is. watched you say about the civil service saying it giving up a three course meal for civil service saying it giving up a three course mealfor a packet civil service saying it giving up a three course meal for a packet of crisps? it a great sound bite from the eu loving former mandarin, we know where his loyalties lie. the eu loving former mandarin, we know where his loyalties liem doesn't mean it's not true. it isn't true. you talk about the potential of trade deals around the world including the us, you sort liam fox talk about that. the imf has said that the fastest—growing parts of the world are outside the european
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union. 90% of the growth over the next 15 years is going to happen in those countries. these are the countries we want to deal with. quick final thought, you were meant to be going to burma today with collea g u es to be going to burma today with colleagues but you were not granted a visa, why? this is the international aid select committee, we we re international aid select committee, we were not told until last night that the visas had not come through. clearly it is political, it has got to be. we brought a reporter critical of the regime in the country, about the way they are dealing with the rohingya and that can be the only reason why they have denied us the visas. the british and gave £100 million worth of aid to the country but not to the government, i hasten to add. clearly it is important that we, as a select committee, see how the money is being spent and i think it is appalling that these fees ares have not been coming forward. nigel eva ns, not been coming forward. nigel evans, thank you. thank you to both
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of our guests, thank you for coming on the programme. some breaking news now. toys "r" us has just some breaking news now. toys "r" us hasjust gone into some breaking news now. toys "r" us has just gone into administration, putting 3200 jobs at risk. toys "r" us has gone into administration, 3200 jobs are at risk. we will bring you the reaction to that, of course, and any news on maplin during the course of the morning. also coming up... after ten o'clock. after our exclusive report earlier this week about the pupil referral unit which primary children go to when they are faced with exclusion from school, we'll be speaking to the head of the adhd foundation, about what can be done to help improve the behaviour of our primary school children. and specifically he is writing to the government to ask for much quicker and earlier diagnosis of children with adhd. heavy snowfall has hit many parts of the uk, with the south—east and north—east of england seeing up to 13 cm of snow and temperatures of minus 12. for people living on the street these conditions can be treacherous. in edinburgh, two rough sleepers
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have died this winter. there is such a thing called the ‘severe weather emergency protocol‘ which is activated in these conditions which means councils offer immediate shelter to homeless people. but is it working? let's speak to bryan gilchrist, he's 50 and has been homeless for 18 years. he lives on the streets of london. and sally huxtable and chris groves who say they beg because they can't afford to heat their rough sleepers flat. we will talk to them now. hello, thank you very much for coming onto the programme. good morning, brian, how was last night? it was cold. it started snowing really heavily at about two o'clock, i woke up at 6am with an inch of snow over the top of me. it was pretty cold. i heard that
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it was —10, minus 12. it was a chilly night. why have you not benefited from this severe weather emergency protocol where authorities would get you a roof over your head. because it isn't that simple, it is first come first serve. the one that i know that does it in westminster, connections, they come around maybe... ten or 11 o'clock at night. they will say, do you want to go they don't say that they've got a place for you, they say that they will see if they can get a place, they don't guarantee anywhere. it isn't as simple as it sounds. but even someone saying isn't as simple as it sounds. but even someone saying that they will see what they can do, isn't it better than sleeping outside of the london palladium? yes, but a lot of people don't want to go into the hostels. because of violence, drugs, drink, whatever. people don't want
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to go there. what would you want to do? me, i don't like hostels. i don't like them. i've had pretty bad experiences in them before. me, i would be happy with a place on wearing. —— on my own. it's a waiting game. how do you keep warm in these conditions? at the moment, i cannot carry everything i need to keep warm. i carry the basics. i have a couple of sleeping bags, blankets, two or three jackets, jumpers, had, scarves, and i've got my bed to bundle them all on. i go to sleep and hope to wake up in the morning. you hope you wake up in the morning? yes. and as people go by, what do they do? they keep going by. now and again people ask if you are 0k, they get you a coffee or something to eat. but there are not as many now as they used to be. i
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think it is because there are a lot more beggars on the streets now than they used to be. not as many people stop because there are more beggars? that's right. sally and chris, thank you for coming on the programme. you are no longer living on the streets. how long were you? i was on the streets for 11 years. that was before i met sally. i had been on the streets for three years. now you have this so—called rough sleepers flat, what does that mean? basically we we re flat, what does that mean? basically we were put into a hostel first. the outreach team came round before anything would happen, they had to see you and they had to see you three times. they had to see you sleeping rough three times. and often they don't come back to see if you are in the same place. 0r where you are in the same place. 0r where you are. it could be once a month they come, or if you are not there
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they come, or if you are not there the night that they come, that's it. it doesn't count. if they do see you three times, what is supposed to kick in? what is supposed to happen... your name is put down and you wait for a room. if you've never been to london before. i didn't want sally being away from me in a hostel, she has had bad experiences in the past. with a load of men that she doesn't know. you have a flat now. but you say that you cannot afford to heat it. the electric is... it's a rough sleepers flat. the landlord keeps one flat with reduced rent, which housing benefit will pay. the only problem is that
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we have to pay a top up on top of that. the windows are the old wooden ones. it is actually warmer outside thenit ones. it is actually warmer outside then it is in the flat at the moment. really? bryan, have you been around? yes. so you will sweep round every morning to check that those who have slept on the streets is all right. i do ask him to come and stay, but it is warmer outside. trying to get the money to put the electric on to heat the flat, it is old storage heaters and it is just... really expensive? it eats your money. basically it's when any of us get up in the morning. as soon as we are up, we go around and make sure everyone is as we are up, we go around and make sure everyone is ok. and we try to get money. and when you say that, what you mean? the same as when we
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we re what you mean? the same as when we were on the street really. begging. food. to heat the flat, even for a couple of days, you know? is there any possibility that you might be able to get paid work one day? i'd love to. we would love to. but over the last few years, i've had chronic back pain, which in this weather isn't very nice, you know? which is why you receive pip, don't you? yes, i receive that once a month. but they knocked me off esa, which i cannot understand. if i am receiving pip, surelyl cannot understand. if i am receiving pip, surely i should be able to receive employment support allowa nce ? receive employment support allowance? they are changing all of the benefits now. it's fair enough
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if you have somewhere to live and everything else is paid for, but when you have a lifestyle like ours, which is not the normal lifestyle, thenit which is not the normal lifestyle, then it is hard to get help from other people. we are basically looked over. we sat on the street, that'll be fine, they will wake up in the morning. we don't know where we are going to. it is like you are invisible. honestly, it's like nifty sees you. nobody. nobody cares, whatever. i have had people step on me or fall over me, they have not been looking. i know people have their own lives to lead, but i don't understand... why do you think that is, do you think people don't know what to say or they are embarrassed? they don't think we are a member of
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society any more. not everybody thinks that. there are a lot of bogus beggars. how do you know a real one from the bogus one? that was the story in cambridgeshire this week where police said that the beggars were fake, scammers effectively. we are not all like that. how do you tell the difference? you are from edinburgh, why did you come to london?“ difference? you are from edinburgh, why did you come to london? if i we re why did you come to london? if i were still in edinburgh, i would be dead. why do you say that? i was a really heavy drinker so i came here to get away from it. as it worked? yes. and you don't drink any more? i haven't had a drink for 15 months. how does it make you feel? good, if i was still in edinburgh i would be dead now. i want to thank you all very much for coming onto the programme, telling people what it is really like. it isn't easy. it isn't
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easy, that's right. thank you. at ten o'clock we will bring you the latest news and sport. and before that we will bring you the weather. do tell us all about it, carol. thank you. there is a lot of snow in the forecast today. the met office has a and the weather warning out again. across central scotland, north—east england and cumbria. we could see a further 10—15 centimetres of snow fall. this weather warning is valid until tomorrow evening at 6pm. in this area, there is a lot of loans snow. in northern england we have 21 centimetres of lying snow. —— low lying snow. in aberdeenshire we have nine centimetres. there is also the risk of ice today, if you are travelling take extra care. snow showers continue to pack in. where we have the samba weather warning.
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we had a warning in the south—east which is about to expire. it will dry up in the south—east as the wind moves in. there are snow shovels across the far south—west. temperature wise, regardless of what it says, freezing temperatures across the uk. with wind chill, looking at —11 degrees. that is how it feels against your skin. the snow will be blowing and drifting because of strong winds, that will continue this evening and overnight. more snow piling in with that amber weather warning. there will be a lot of dry weather between, a cold night as well. temperature is even lower than this in the countryside and where we do have lying snow. tomorrow, as well as our existing web were quicker weather warning from the met office, we have another across south—west england and wales. storm emma comes up from the near
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continent, there is a lot of moisture in this storm and as it engages with the cold across our shores, it readily turns to snow. you can see from the eyes of bars that it will be windy, we have drifting snow and the potential for blizzards. if it moves further west and east it will change the snow distribution, this is what we have at the moment. it could clip london and it is heading in the direction of northern ireland. still more snow to come for you in these areas, and some dry and bright conditions between. temperatures about freezing, and when you add on the significant wind—chill, it will feel a lot colder. —11 in this central suede. finally, on friday, connected to emma, this system produces more snow, pushing northwards. snow showers in the north, dry weather
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between but still very cold. hello, it's ten o'clock. i'm victoria derbyshire. the beast from the east hits home. drivers have been warned to take extra care, hundreds of schools are closed and public transport is widely affected. with temperatures falling as low as minus 12, some councils are offering emergency acommodation to people sleeping on the streets. we've been talking to one rough sleeper about dealing with the freezing temperatures. started snowing around two o'clock really heavily, i woke up at six with an inch of snow on top of me, pretty cold. i had heard it was minus 12. it was a chilly night. a key document detailing the proposed terms of the uk's departure from the eu is being published this morning. it says northern ireland will have to follow the rules of the eu's single market if no one can come up with a plan to avoid a hard border between it and the republic of ireland. what i would say to michel barnier
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is that he knows that the british government doesn't want a hard border, between northern ireland and ireland, the irish taoiseach doesn't wa nt ireland, the irish taoiseach doesn't want that either, so that's not going to happen. and it shouldn't happen. also, meghan markle, prince harry and the duke and duchess of cambridge will be making their first joint public appearance and we will bring you live coverage. good morning, it's 10am. here's joanna gosling in the bbc newsroom with a summary of todays news. the european union's chief negotiator michel barnier will publish the first draft of the eu's brexit treaty this morning, detailing the terms of the uk's departure. the draft document is expected to say northern ireland would have to follow eu single market rules to avoid a so—called "hard border" with checks and barriers, unless alternatives are found. downing street has dismissed any prospect of a return to a hard border. yesterday a leaked letter from boris
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johnson appeared to suggest there could be customs checks in the future, she has been speaking in the last few minutes. the issue of the northern ireland border is being used politically to try and keep the uk into the customs union, and effectively be single market, so we can't really leave the eu, that's what's going on. but the letter says is that actually there are very good solutions that you could put in place that would obviate or prevent any kind of hard border, but would allow goods, people, people can't move totally freely because it's a common travel area, but allow goods to leave and move freely. the cold weather has intensified overnight bringing more disruption to parts of the uk. drivers have been warned to take extra care as emergency services deal with stranded motorists and crashes. hundreds of schools are closed and public transport is widely affected.
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it's been announced that the retailer toys r us has gone into administration. it puts 3200 jobs at risk but it's understood that stores will continue to trade. they had failed to secure a buyer. the public‘s satisfaction with the nhs has seen a sharp decline over the last year, with our opinion of gp services at its lowest level since records began. the latest british social attitudes survey of 3000 people across england, wales and scotland, found that almost a third of respondents were unhappy with the nhs with prolonged waiting times being cited as one of the main concerns. president trump's son—in—law and senior adviser, jared kushner, has had his security clearance at the white house downgraded. having previously had a leading role in the administration, mr kushner now won't be able to view sensitive documents. there's speculation his previous business dealings may be the reason for his change of status. a bbc charity says it has sacked six
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people for sexual harassment or for watching pornography on work computers. bbc media action said the incidents happened overseas in the past ten years and those sacked were all foreign nationals. it comes as international charities face closer scrutiny following claims of sexual misconduct by 0xfam staff in haiti. a supermarket in amsterdam is opening what it says is the world's first plastic—free aisle. an environmental campaign group helped replace plastic packaging with biodegradable materials on around 700 products. the company says it hopes to expand the trial to all its 75 stores by the end of the year. that's a summary of the latest bbc news, more at 10.30am. later this hour, prince william, the duchess of cambridge, prince harry and meghan markle will all appear for their first royal engagement together. we'll bring that to you live. also, we want your experience of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder after the adhd foundation tells this programme it's calling
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on the government to take action on delays in diagnosing the condition in children. let me read you this text, i was asking how long it took to be diagnosed. it took me until i was 37 until i was diagnosed, all my life i had suffered anxiety and for being, as well as being dipsy. i had to really push but i got a result and i'm now on a medication that allowed me to have my life back and i'm going back to college, finally. alan says, my son is 22, he has a diagnosis of adhd, he was failed by the education system, he's been 27 systems —— to seven different places. at ten, he went to a school for pregnant teenage mums because there was no one else for his for him to go. i have another text here,
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people think that adhd is an excuse for bad behaviour but that is not true. they are very forgetful, they have difficulty following instructions and avoid tasks that make them feel comfortable. typically they have no self—esteem or self belief and our actions and impulsive. we would talk more about adhd in the next half an hour. get in touch, very welcome, i'm very grateful for any pertinent experiences, you're the expert in areas like this. send us an e—mail or message as on twitter. ben stokes looks to have put all the controversy behind him — he was man of the match in england's six—wicket victory over new zealand in their second one—dayer. he'd already taken a couple of wickets when he came to the crease and quickly set about chasing their target of 244. stokes top—scored with an unbeaten 63, asjos buttler hit the winning runs. but how about this for a catch?
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a fine one—handed take by a man in the crowd — and you can understand his wild celebrations because that won him a prize of 50,000 nz dollars — that's about £26,000. free tea and coffee was dished out to warm up the fans at the liberty stadium last night as swansea reached the quarterfinals of the fa cup for the first time in 54 years. they beat sheffield wednesday 2—0, nathan dyer sending this effort straight through the keeper's legs for their second. tottenham or rochdale await in the next round, their replay is at wembley tonight. the gap at the top of the scottish premiership is down to six points, after second—placed rangers beat stjohnstone 4—1, alfredo morelos rounding things off. leaders celtic can pull away again tonight though — they play dundee. that match has just been postponed because of weather. 0ther fixtures
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in the scottish premiership have also been postponed. greg rutherford has pulled out of the world indoor champion joe greg rutherford has pulled out of the world indoor championjoe ‘s which starts on friday. he has already withdrawn from the man of games in april. he missed the world championships last year within ankle injury and he has also had groin surgery. injury and he has also had groin surgery. he will focus on returning to full fitness to defend his european title in august. there's been a fair bit of controversy over paralympic classifications recently and the british paralympic association has published new guidance. the uk athlete classification code places athletes' rights and responsibilities at the heart of the process, as they bid to prevent manipulation of the system. i think it's about absolutely understanding who was responsible for what, and particularly, how can we better educate the athletes, the support personnel, everyone involved
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in the delivery of paralympic sport, to make sure they understand how the process works and more importantly ata process works and more importantly at a national level, what their response abilities are. then it comes to it, there will be a better understanding of that so that anyone who has concerned can base that on at genuine concern rather than misunderstandings. cyclists laura and jason kenny are back competing today, hopefully having had a good night's sleep because they've taken their six month old baby albie along with them to the track cycling world championships in the netherlands. in a city apartment, along with the grandparents who'll be helping out with childcare. the kennys are two of seven 0lympic champions in the british team. headlines in half an hour. pete wa nted headlines in half an hour. pete wanted to say this, it's heartbreaking watching the three people who have been on the streets. and, says, no one should be homeless, it's not just and, says, no one should be homeless, it's notjust the home they need but help to get benefits and food. the richer you are, the
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more they think they are ability —— invisible. i always give money, no one should be on the streets. toys r us has gone into administration, does that mean it has gone bust? yes, administration technical language meaning that the effo rts technical language meaning that the efforts to save it as a company has failed. they will carry on trading for well, they will see if they can sell off bits of it, but they failed the whole thing will wind down and the whole thing will wind down and the stores will close. that is crushingly disappointing for staff. before christmas, a deal was done which meant that they got some rents down in its shops, they post some shops and that hasn't worked. as far as customers is not today, stores will carry on trading, you can go in and buy things. anyone who has been
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there recently will see that the shares are quite there but there are a lot of discounts, so there's a reason to go in. what will happen to the 3200 staff members and why has it gone bust? it's a very bleak outlook for the staff. the administrators, that's the a ccou nta nts administrators, that's the accountants who are now in charge, saying it trades on for the moment while they see what they can do. but they've given of march 11 where people had put down deposits, they will still be valid and they will be a will to pick up their goods. that's only two weekends away. people will look at that date at perhaps the beginning of the end if they cannot sell any of the stores. for the staff, the danger is they lose theirjobs, for the staff, the danger is they lose their jobs, they for the staff, the danger is they lose theirjobs, they fall back for statutory redundancy pay. that might meana statutory redundancy pay. that might mean a few thousand pounds for someone mean a few thousand pounds for someone who has worked there a long time, and that's not a replacement
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for thejob they had. time, and that's not a replacement for the job they had. for customers, vouchers and gift cards are still valid for the moment, there's a march 11 cut off, if you want to use anything, use it by them. why has it happened? anything, use it by them. why has it happened ? they anything, use it by them. why has it happened? they had a lot of debt to pay off, they had a pension scheme which was expensive that they had to put money into. and people just were not shopping in such great numbers there. people were not prepared to make that drive out of town just to buy toys at their prices when they might get them off the internet or get them from the big supermarkets. thank you. this week we've had exclusive access to the work going on at hawkswood primary pupil referral unit in northeast london. it's the place children as young as four in the borough of waltham forest, are sent when they're in danger of being excluded from their mainstream school. we've been given a unique insight into how teachers there deal with outbursts and even violence from pupils. we asked the head teacher at hawkswood, marie gentles, to explain some of the many techniques they use. you didn't listen straightaway.
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you weren't keeping yourself safe or your friends. so that's one minute gone. what a shame. we need to understand children's behaviour as communication. so if the child is acting out in a certain way, we need to look at — what are the communicating to us? what's the trigger? what are they trying to tell us? 0h, not quite. archie? numbers. 0h, not quite! oh, i'm not looking for a shouting out. i'm looking for people with their hand up nicely, like kayden. it's... handwriting! yes, another high ten. that's ten, and ten, and ten. that's 30 for me this morning. right, let's see who is ready. the most important thing, we think, is around forming attachments with the children. so you've got to have an attachment with the child in order for them to respond to you. what a smashing start. shall we do hand over hand together? so you can see what it feels like to write letters. and the way you build up attachment
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is via the relationship that you have with them, which comes via putting in consistent, firm but fair boundaries. consistency is massive with our children. right, i don't like the way you're speaking to your friends. and you still aren't. .. they stole something! and you still aren't keeping your hands to yourself. and i told you that if you didn't keep your hands to yourself... idid. i didn't touch him. ..then you would be leaving and sitting on the time out chair. once they realise that if we say something is going to happen on every single occasion, then they start to feel, "0k, this person means what they say." i need you to make your way over to the time out chair. five, four, three, two,... one minute, jamal. one. ok, let's go to the time out chair. she cries. you're sitting here because...
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i didn't touch him! they also start to feel quite safe within those boundaries and those constraints. you've got all the stickers and you got all the way there, so you may choose something from the prize box. i am so proud of your behaviour from the last few weeks. we are very fair with the children, so they know that if they've done something really well, they will get the praise and the recognition and all of those things as well, and all the attention heaped on. a little nerf gun! oh, wow. that would be a cool prize, wouldn't it? archie, i'm waiting. if a child is sat in front of you and you are talking to them from behind, that doesn't work. when i am speaking, he mustn't be speaking to somebody else. so you need to make sure that you've got eye contact with the child, they don't feel threatened in any way.
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if you interrupt me again, kayden, you are going to go in the time out chair to think about it. i don't want that. if you think about your tone of voice and your body stance, that in itself can be a de—escalation technique. but you need to make a good choice and not interrupt when i am speaking. do you understand ? good boy. unless you're ready, we can't wait for you to join us. now, i need you to open your legs a little bit and move your arms away. have you done this before? i can tell. you are an expert already. humour is another one which works really well with the children, because actually, they need to see you and understand you on a human level, notjust this authoritative figure within a school. let's get started. 0h, careful we don't tickle him. tickle, tickle, tickle! he laughs. we want him as still as possible. we are human beings like they are,
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so they're very powerful techniques as well. under his armpit. well done, nicholas. i'm going to start the time. keep your chair still, otherwise it's unsafe. that's not safe. we sometimes resort to positive handling, to hold the child in a safe way, to keep them and others around them safe. it is a last resort, but we've all been trained in positive handling. we have regular training, and if it is used appropriately, it is extremely effective. and, actually, it sends the message across to the child an that we can keep you safe. it's ok, yes, we know those behaviours are a really big and they look really scary, but actually we can look after you. we can keep you emotionally and physically safe. we're going to wash your hands and we can go and have our special christmas lunch. 0k?
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good boy, nicholas. well done, nicholas. if behaviour is communication, how do we get children to communicate using their words rather than using their behaviour? why is it important to listen to all of the words, do you think? archie? we use our speech and language therapist to work with all the key stage one nurture group children every week. listening is looking at the person who is... talking. talking, and who is talking right now? so we should your eyes be? i'm looking at you already. fantastic. she works with them around communication, how to communicate using words, and actually how powerful words can be. and we find that a lot of our children here aren't able to find the words to express themselves when they first come here, which is why the do it by their behaviour. and done. zachariah, you gave excellent
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instructions to austin, because he was able to follow your instructions and build the project. a success. the teachers at the unit say some of the children show some signs of having conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder — adhd — but haven't had an official diagnosis. for many parents we've met, that's precisely the problem. today, the adhd foundation is revealing on this programme that they're writing to the government to call for action, because far too many children are ending up being excluded because of delays in diagnosing underlying conditions. let's speak now to doctor tony lloyd, chief executive of the adhd foundation. hello and thank you for your time. good morning, victoria. why is this crucial? on average, it is taking up to two years to have an assessment and diagnosis for a child, certainly much longer if you are an adult but
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we are seeing schools under increased pressure and four children with adhd, we have to remember about two thirds of children with adhd will have an additional learning difficulty, the experience of learning ina difficulty, the experience of learning in a classroom context can be very distressing for these children. the longer we had to wait for assessment and diagnosis, the greater risk that child will have a very negative experience at school and is potentially going to end up excluded. nine out of ten exclusions in primary education are for children with additional needs. really? 0k, children with additional needs. really? ok, that is an incredible statistic, if that is accurate. do you have any indication of how many children who are in pupil referral units may have undiagnosed conditions. that's a very difficult thing to estimate but we would imaginea thing to estimate but we would imagine a very significant number. for example we know that over 90% of young people involved in the youth justice system have a learning difficulty. clearly we are with a
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vulnerable population of children here. adhd, autism, dyspraxia, dyslexia. it is rare that these conditions are on their own, many children will have at least one learning difficulty as well. daschle one additional learning difficulty as well. it can be quite complex. there is a real need for much earlier assessment, intervention and diagnosis, if that is appropriate. there's quite a lot of misunderstanding surrounding adhd, how would you describe it? adhd is a complex condition really. it isn't just about ht children who are hyperactive and cannot concentrate —— about fidgeting children. they have a great deal of trouble planning and organising their thoughts and actions. we know that one of the most difficult things about adhd is living with this co nsta nt low—level about adhd is living with this constant low—level anxiety that is there all the time. they have very poor sleep patterns, many of them,
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which makes it difficult for them to function and concentrate in school the next day. emotionally it can be quite distressing for many children. you can have it in a mild, moderate or severe you can have it in a mild, moderate or severe form. we know there are environmentalfactors or severe form. we know there are environmental factors like the home and the school which can significantly impact on how adhd presents. with the right schooling, we know there are examples of what we know there are examples of what we see in pr yous, some really good teaching and interventions which focus on the child's mental health well—being and education —— pru. focus on the child's mental health well-being and education -- pru. let us know your reply you get from the government when you have written to them. thank you. nearly four months ago, jeremy corbyn announced westminster had a "warped and degrading culture" and mps and others in politics who sexually harass women must be held accountable for their actions. now a group of female labour members have released a report which contains dozens of claims of abuse and harassment within the party. labour says it is committed to continually improving how it
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handles complaints of harassment, but this isn't a problem which affects just one party. today mps from across the board will debate plans for a new code of behaviour for everyone working in parliament. 0ur reporter greg dawson explains: in the five months since the flurry of allegations of harassment at westminster first surfaced, there have been a number of investigations and some resignations. now mps from all parties are working through plans to change the culture here that allowed abuse. today, though, we are learning about the extent of accusations within one of those parties. my boss, a labour mp, raped me. i said nothing at the time. how could i? i would have lost myjob. i was scared i would lose friends and the support of other activists and councillors in my community. the labourtoo movement, a group of female labour members have sent a report to the party's hq. it details a number of complaints of abuse, harassment and discrimination within the party. my employer, a male labour
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politician, left pornographic magazines behind in the office after working late. all the female staff and a young female on work experience came across them at different times — in a wastepaper bin, in a desk or hidden amongst office paperwork. it was never raised with him. this programme has been shown a number of those anonymous complaints. all of them are unverified and no date has been given to when these incidents may have occurred. as an intern, i was sexually harassed by a married male mp at a christmas party. he got drunk and i remember he was very red in the face and started coming up behind me and stroking my arm. i felt really uncomfortable and not able to report it to the labour party. because the people i had to tell would have known him and wanted to protect him. a senior party official was very drunk at a party conference. i got him to his hotel and he said he couldn't remember his room number. we got to the third floor
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and found his room after trial and error. he pushed me down onto the bed and started to kiss and grope me. i told him, "no," and to stop, but he ignored it. labourtoo now want the party to create an independent complaint process, including panels made up of people with no clear link to the party. in response, labour has told this programme it is committed to continually improving how it handles complaints, and this report will feed into two ongoing reviews of the party's ongoing procedures for dealing with sexual harassment. it also points to a number of recent changes, including a new hotline for members to report complaints. all of this comes on the day when mps will debate plans for a new code of behaviour for everyone working in parliament and a new complaints investigation system, independent of political parties. in the most severe cases, mps can be suspended or be forced to face a public vote on their future. let's talk to labour mp
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stella creasy — who is a supporter of the labour too campaign, which was set up after the metoo scandal in hollywood. and jane merrick — former political editor of the independent on sunday, who went public about being harassed by former defence secretary michael fallon actually when she worked at the daily mail. mr fallon was forced to leave his role because of the allegations made against him. how do you react to these 43 women who have spoken up about what has happened to them? first of all i wa nt to happened to them? first of all i want to say thank you. to them for being brave enough to come forward and use this forum to report what has happened. this isn't about witch hunting individual people but to show systematic failings we have in safeguarding people in our party at all safeguarding people in our party at a ll levels. safeguarding people in our party at all levels. brilliant volunteers and campaigners who make the party what it is at its best but we're letting them down right now because we do not have processes to deal with those people who make us our worst.
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i was heartbroken to read the systematic list of what has been happening and i was struck by the concept of common knowledge that it talks about, when some of these women tried to report what happened, people would say, we know about him, and gave them tips on how to deal with it rather than stopping it. one of the things we are on a crusade about is that we do not have to cope with this, but we have to say. on some occasions, women were told not to say anything because it may damage the reputation of the party all be quiet, don't even go to the police? that's why the women's parliamentary labour party have supported the group and said they need a completely independent process. so that you take friendships and career options out of any of these conversations. it is about behaviour and how it is
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tackled and how you stop it. does it damage the party? it damages everyone, it is across society. i was up to school this morning speaking to girls about how we tackle sexual harassment. the sad truth is in 2018 it is still an unequal society and people think they have the power to abuse others. why has this been going on? sexual harassment and assault is about power, it isn't about sex. it happens across society, it is a place where power is hard currency. in westminster. people can get away with it because they get away with quite a lot. when michael fallon resigned as defence secretary, he said "what had been acceptable 10—15 yea rs said "what had been acceptable 10—15 years ago is clearly not acceptable now". you disagreed with the statement anyway but you have worked asa statement anyway but you have worked as a politicaljournalist for nearly two decades. how do you think attitudes have changed in that time, orare attitudes have changed in that time, or are they onlyjust changing?” think they are onlyjust changing
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now. this only happened to me once but i am aware of colleagues and others who this has happened to. of course it is still happening now and like stella i am completely shocked by the report today. i think there will be a change, i think people are now starting to talk about it. we will not tolerate this behaviour any more. steps will be taken, i wonder why krakow i have reservations about whether the steps will be foreigner but we will not tolerate it any more —— i wonder, i still have reservations. i was verified by the stories that i was being told, women we re stories that i was being told, women were contacting me by diem on twitter, they were telling me about sexual assault by politicians —— dm. i had to refer them to other people, andl i had to refer them to other people, and i had to refer them to labour because a lot of it involved labour politicians. you want someone independent where people can make
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complaints and be heard. mps are debating the cross—party report which will try and clamp down on bullying and harassment in parliament. you say you have reservations, why? i do think that there are some gaps there. the independent process, it is great there will be an independent system for people working in parliament but it only applies to those who have been harassed or assaulted, parliamentary pass holders. so if it happens in a pub or at a social event, it would not be...? yes, that's where a lot of the behaviour goes on according to the report. it isa goes on according to the report. it is a party conference, you don't need to be a pass holder to be sexually harassed by an mp so i have concerns it will fall through the gaps. your reaction? it has two fit with what political parties do to keep volunteers say. my concern is ultimately, what happens when we find someone who has behaved inappropriately? house of commons staff will lose their jobs currently, and we are not there on
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the concept of recall, with the opportunity for the public to say if theirmp opportunity for the public to say if their mp has done something inappropriate, they don't want them to be theirmp inappropriate, they don't want them to be their mp any more. i don't wa nt to to be their mp any more. i don't want to send a woman to speak to them about a constituency matter knowing that this has happened. recall is a final piece of the puzzle. we have definitely made progress and change is possible but it is not certain into would get the whole system right and it includes independence but also clear sanctions. thank you to both of you. thank you for coming onto the programme. the top police officer in charge of catching britain's paedophiles — chief constable simon bailey — has told this programme there are potentially 20,000 paedophiles in britain. i think 20,000 is probably a conservative estimate. so, what, double that? i'm not sure that's trying to put a figure on it and gain a headline is actually helpful. i'm just trying to, i'm actually just trying to understand the scale of it in this country. the scale of it is huge. there's absolutely no doubt
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in my mind whatsoever, i think it's one of the greatest threats that we currently face from a policing perspective. and you only have to look at the activities taking place across the country every single day, dealing with reports of non—recent abuse, dealing with reports of familial abuse which is still by far the greatest volume of abuse that we take, but then looking at how we meet the challenges of the abuse that is being perpetrated through digital technology, and the increasing volumes that we have to deal with and the changing face of that. we are now having to deal with an emerging threat where live streaming platforms are affording men and on occasions women the opportunity to then seek to groom children. chief constable simon bailey. at this tweet, listening and the
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numbers are terrifying, how should we open dialogue with our children without scaring them? if you go to the nspcc website, they have got a brilliant campaign, called pants, they give you advice and suggestions and tips on how you can talk to your children which starts with you speaking to your children about the fa ct speaking to your children about the fact that their pants are private. that's the start of the conversation. this e—mail is from someone conversation. this e—mail is from someone who does not wish to leave their name, which is absolutely fine. this person was watching simon bailey. i am fine. this person was watching simon bailey. iam now fine. this person was watching simon bailey. i am now in my 60s and i finally got up the courage to report the sexual abuse over a two—year period that i suffered as a nine—year—old at the hands of a neighbour. i was so grateful that the police officers listened to me, recorded and attempted to locate this while man. unfortunately they were unable to do so. but for me this was stepping trying to overcome
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what happened to me. i did all i could to protect my own children and i feel for parents who have to do so in the much harsher environment. the beast from the east has started to bite with temperatures tumbling to as low as minus 12 degrees in some parts overnight — the lowest for this time of year since 1991. the accompanying snow and ice has forced hundreds of schools to close and there has been major travel disruption on roads, rail and flights have been grounded. and forecasters say the worst is yet to come, with warnings in place until the weekend. tell us the situation, mr connelly, if you would. you can probably see some of the scenes behind us, the severe weather that we're receiving here just now. were only four and a half hours into 36 hour amber warning, so we half hours into 36 hour amber warning, so we are half hours into 36 hour amber warning, so we are just at the start of this. for those of us who've ventured out this morning, really
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they have got to be careful to make sure that they can go home, and avoid travel during the amber warning. we really don't want to on the road at all, putting yourself at risk. so no one go out and as they really have to? we're avoiding avoiding travelling. if you're going out there, expect some sort of disruption. the weather we're experiencing, there are incidents and accidents happening around the place. we have got our gritters out there to try give the roads open but you plough and it turns white behind you. it's the amber weather alert that the met office can put out so it's very challenging. so we're told the west —— worse is yet to come so what is your advice for motorists? heed the warnings, at the moment strathclyde police scotland are putting out the message, avoid trouble in the area of the amber
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alert. if you are travelling out with, it's still a high risk of disruption, you're at risk of putting yourself at risk and being stranded. so heed the warnings. if you have to go out, plan your journey and make sure you're ready for the journey. if you journey and make sure you're ready for thejourney. if you do journey and make sure you're ready for the journey. if you do get stranded, make sure you have a blanket, food and water and that you are prepared. breaking news now, and maplin has now just breaking news now, and maplin has nowjust gone breaking news now, and maplin has now just gone bust. breaking news now, and maplin has nowjust gone bust. half thousand jobs at risk. this is half an hour after the news we brought you about toys r us, they have too gone bust this morning. 3200 jobs at risk but the electrical retailer maplin has collapsed and 2500 jobs at risk. most come at 11am! . roger moore to
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come —— more to come at 11am. there has been an internal review in a charity after a complaint from a former employee. the chair of trustees at the charity has also been criticised. the error foundation the charity has also been criticised. the errorfoundation is now facing insolvency proceedings. this exclusive report now. the mira foundation is a charity working with women who have experienced domestic violence and abuse. we have is: and experienced domestic violence and abuse. we have is: f —— igi 542 ii? eiiiéii £253 eil'zéiiflzl? ” geleesaeese igi 542 ii? eiiiéii £253 eil'zéiiflzl? ” geleesaeée women- igi 542 ii? eiiiéii £253 eil'zéiiflzl? ” 1511113311; women. i in the
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amirah foundation. she called in the charity trustees after spotting bank state m e nts charity trustees after spotting bank statements which she said showed unusually large sums for rental payments. a lot of these women and children are the ones who would slip through the net, if we like. so we would be dealing with people who may not have access to public funds, they may come with all sorts of complex needs. there are entitled to a good quality support. and if we have donors who are coming forward with the aim of supporting these vulnerable people, that's where the money should be going as far as i'm concerned. the trustees of the charity, based here in sparkbrook, have now released their initial view on the allegations raised by the complaint. they include that the director on occasion paid herself a full wage more than months in a month, and thousands of donations
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we re month, and thousands of donations were never donated. another woman, chair of the trustees, has also been criticised by the trustees. they say money was still being paid to a company registered in her name two yea rs company registered in her name two years after it was dissolved. the trustees say neither women cooperated with their review.” think the question that i did asks we re think the question that i did asks were question around accountability. at the same time, you have to understand that there is a level of trust that any organisation will give to the ceo. what you got to remember is that when this information has come to light, i've gone to the police, sought the advice of the police, i've not tried to hide it. i've got no interest in train to hide it. i am to hide it. i've got no interest in train to hide it. lam keen to hide it. i've got no interest in train to hide it. i am keen to be called into court to show that everything i have. imran worked as a graphic designer for amirah foundation for more than three yea rs. foundation for more than three years. he says he was fired after raising concerns with the ceo about the charity's financial dealings.
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she was adamant that i had embedded microphones and cameras into her desk, i had tapped telephone, and she refused to sit at her desk, that's how paranoid she was that someone was that's how paranoid she was that someone was try to get information out of her. i have made several attem pts out of her. i have made several atte m pts to out of her. i have made several attempts to contact both women for comment without success. and there's no answer at the offices either. in the last few years, they received as much as £100,000 in grants from a number of organisations, including the lottery fund, the lloyds bank foundation and the policing crime commission. but by the time this investigation began, the charities accou nts investigation began, the charities accounts were overd rawn investigation began, the charities accounts were overdrawn by £68. the allegations are now with the city of london police nationalfraud intelligence era. it was never my intention to become a whistle—blower, intention to become a whistle— blower, my intention to become a whistle—blower, my intention was to do what i thought was right and
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that's what i've done. it may not be right in the eyes of some of the people but for me, it feels right and the truth is on my side, what more can i say? the work with domestic violence victims has been taken over domestic violence victims has been ta ken over by domestic violence victims has been taken over by another charity. the foundation itself is now insolvent. and a meeting of creditors will take place tomorrow. you can see more on this story on midlands today this evening. most cannabis being sold illegally in the uk is super—strength skunk — according to a new analysis of samples by the police. this highly potent type of the drug is linked to a higher risk of psychotic mental health episodes. we can speak now to jason pegler who began smoking cannabis at 14 and went on to suffer from mental health problems. he's also the author a can of madness. and the report's author, dr marta di forti from king's college london.
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just tell our audience exactly what you found, first of all. good morning, victoria. as you said, we analysed 1000 samples seized by british police, and we found that 94% of the sample were represented by what we call skunk, which is a kind of cannabis which we regard as potent as it contains a high percentage of thc, which is the ingredient responsible for the psychotic symptoms related to cannabis. we did not find that the potency of skunk has gone up if we prepare it to the home office study of 2008, and another study published at the same time. so we're talking about a skunk with an average thc of 1496 about a skunk with an average thc of 14% it is potent enough. potent enough to do what, potentially, link
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to what? potent enough to lead to the area of my concerned, i'm a psychiatrist, so we have shown that those who use skunk of this type of potency daily have a fivefold increase in the risk of getting a psychotic disorder, not transient symptoms, but people coming to the attention of mental health services. and we have shown that this type of skunk, high potency cannabis, is also more likely to reduce dependence with all the correlates of this issue of individual and services on society. let me bring in jason, thank you for talking to us. do you think the cannabis that you have smoked, and i know it's varied in strength over the years, contributed to your mental health problems? yes, this is a very long time ago, in the 1990s when i was a
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teenager. but from the age of 14 to 17, i took various types of cannabis and the skunk was definitely very strong. i've been publishing people with mental illness for 17 years and i've definitely found cases of people who we have published have just taken cannabis and it set a manic depression, schizophrenia and it also leads to people taking other types of drugs and breaking the law. overall, skunk is definitely dangerous. yet some people are still sceptical about the link between skunk and mental health disorders. well, from my own experience, many years ago, it definitely lead to a different state of mind and something that i would definitely not want my own children experiencing. how would you describe that different state of mind, jason?
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at the time, it was something that made me definitely... more high terms and it lets two, after stopping taking it, it led to paranoia which nobody wants and more worried someone gets, the more likely they are to step into a mental breakdown as opposed to being me ntally mental breakdown as opposed to being mentally well. and what you think about those who are sceptical about the links that you have been pointing out today, doctor? if they're enough to say that not everyone who uses cannabis will get a psychotic disorder, it is about identifying those who are at risk and experience what you are describing. these are people i see in my clinic every thursday. there has been a lot of comment about this this morning. people who say that skunk is not dangerous and it is
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actually a medicine. i do hope that one day we will get to a point where it is very clear about how you can exploit safely the medicinal properties of cannabis ingredients like thc, but we also need to be aware of the consequences of uncontrolled recreational use, which is what most teenagers do. i don't think teenagers use cannabis for medicinal purposes. these are the casualties i see. if you are interested in the potential side of cannabis use, without undermining the possibility that we can actually use cannabis in a benign way. and on social media, as you know, you have been accused of making your living out of scaring people out of using skunk? yes, and i do make a living out of researching the effective skunk so i wouldn't necessarily say it isa skunk so i wouldn't necessarily say it is a wrong comment but what i don't think is fair to say is that
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my intent is to scare people. one analogy i give to my young patients in the clinic is about aspirin. aspirin is the most commonly prescribed medication supported by the foundation and i am one of those people who looks at the gastric bleeding that you can get if you use aspirin in an uncontrolled manner. that doesn't mean that you cannot use it safely. maybe i am making my life out of research and the consequences of using cannabis in general that is an especially high potency but this is for those experiencing such symptoms like psychosis. thank you to both of you for coming in this morning. let me read this e—mail about someone let me read this e—mail about someone with adhd. i was finally diagnosed with adhd at the age of 53. the path to diagnosis was very difficult and as most
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people diagnosed in adulthood will tell you, it's common to encounter gps and even psychiatrists who misunderstand adhd and some who believe it doesn't actually exist. it's a spectrum condition that can va ry it's a spectrum condition that can vary in how it presents and that may also be an obstacle to accurate diagnosis. i'm taking a medication that has transformed my life. it is important children are diagnosed early and it is vital that medical staff are trained so they have a good understanding of adult adhd. we are talking about this because the adhd foundation said they are writing to the government to say that diagnosis of children needs to be speeded up and is as important as children are being excluded. before diagnosis. and it is impacting their lives. sarah has ema but it took them until her daughter was 15 to get her diagnosed with adhd and it has affected the whole family as coping with her behaviour was unbearable at times and they had no support. thank you very much for
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those. thank you. earlier on the programme we told you about the collapse of toys r us. now we have news about another high street retailer maplin. simon gompertz is back with us. sorry! bearer of bad news this morning. maplin has also said that they have gone into administration, that's the every day way of saying they have gone bust. efforts to save it as the existing company have failed. nobody has come in to say that they want to own it or buy it as the existing company. it doesn't mean that hope has ended. the a ccou nta nts mean that hope has ended. the accountants will come in to run it and they will also try and sell off bits of the business to see if they can keep those going and if they can raise money for the creditors. it doesn't necessarily mean that everything closes. that's the situation at the moment. hopefully the 2500 employees of maplin have a
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future, or some of them do but we will not know until the accountants have their knees under the table and try and see what they can do with the business. the optimistic side of it is that there were some people hovering around, looking to see whether they may be interested in buying the business. it does have attractions. it is the only electronics retailer doing it sort of thing on a wide scale around the uk so it does have that value. sometimes, they wait. the people who are interested, in till the company goes bust and then they buy the bits that they want. simon, thank you. the police officer in charge of catching britain's paedophiles, simon bailey, has told us that there are potentially 20,000 paedophiles operating in britain. if you look at increasing numbers of reports and crimes we are recording, whilst i am certain that victim confidence is having a lock to do with that increase, i cannot help but think
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that volumes of levels of abuse are increasing and i think so much of this is being driven by the world wide web, and if you look at the action at law enforcement is taking place across the country, targeting those people that are viewing indecent images of children, we are arresting 430 men every month. we are safeguarding 700 children every month. that is just for those offenders viewing indecent images, it does not take into consideration what i believe the tens of thousands of men predominantly going online to green children so they provide them with a sexualised image, or they encourage them to perform a sex act or alternatively they tried to meet them to then rape them. u nfortu nately, them to then rape them. unfortunately, i think we have to look at it from a societal perspective and we have two now consider that there are more opportunities to abuse, and that could be on the increase. how many
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potential child abusers do you think there are in britain? on the is difficult to put a number on it and i think it would potentially be unhelpful. sorry to interrupt, you've said you are arresting 438 men every month. and that is just for viewing indecent images? that is correct, i think we have to accept that there are tens of thousands. but the most important thing from my perspective is that unfortunately the focus has been on the police service and what i believe has been a very strong response to the thread but ultimately, victoria, every time we make an arrest, the damage has already been done and we have to look at how we can prevent the abuse in the first place let's cross to central london where the meghan markle is with herfiance prince harry alongside the duke and duchess of cambridge for their their official engagement together. the royal family have always
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dedicated a substantial part of their working life to charity and the royal foundation is a continuation of this tradition. from the outset the principals wanted to work ina the outset the principals wanted to work in a way that would enable them to have as big an impact as possible so to have as big an impact as possible so that they could change mindsets and makea so that they could change mindsets and make a lasting difference. now, to tell us more about this approach, please welcome his royal highness the duke of cambridge. applause tina, thank you. good morning everybody. catherine, harry and i are delighted to be here this morning and we are particularly happy. it has been our first royal foundation event with meghan. applause today, it's a very special day for us. since 2011, when we established the foundation, we have regularly brought people together under the banners of coach call, united for
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wildlife, heads together, the endeavour fund and full effect. what we have never done is bring all of our friends and partners and supporters together as part of the royal foundation family. we want to reflect on what we have built with all of you. ten years ago, harry and i were still serving full—time in the military. but we were starting to look to the next stages of our lives. as we discussed together, the best way to set out on our official work. we looked at the values our family had instilled in us. both of our parents had provided for us examples of diligence, compassion and duty in order that they did. our grandparents, the queen and the duke of edinburgh made support for charity central to their decades of service to the nation and commonwealth. the task force would not be to reinvent the wheel, but instead ourjob was to follow the
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example of those who had come before us. hold on to the values that had always guided our family but seek to engage in public life in a way that was updated and relevant for our generation. we are aware that the modern charity sector was different to the one that previous generations had worked alongside. the generosity of the british people and the entrepreneurial and creative passion thatis entrepreneurial and creative passion that is at the heart of our communities has seen the number of charities grow from a few thousand in the 1950s to around 180,000 today. social media was changing the weather people engaged in issues, making it easier to campaign than ever before. and engaging young people in new and exciting ways. the diversity of our society was creating huge opportunities to get people from all walks of life involved in tackling important challenges. to provide the meaningful leadership and support of
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the sector our parents and grandparents had, we would need to think about our roles in a different way. we approached the answer to this question by establishing the royal foundation. our own foundation which would help us explore big issues that were close to our hearts. when katherine joined after our wedding hearts. when katherine joined after ourwedding in 2011, hearts. when katherine joined after our wedding in 2011, we discussed what made the royal family different to other institutions was its ability to focus on the long—term. in an age where our pressures seem so in an age where our pressures seem so urgent, our attention span is so short. our foundation can look beyond the horizon. we got the chance to work with experts to not just raise awareness about issues but do be much harder work of truly changing mindsets. we strive to make a real and lasting difference. and we seek to make that difference in
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areas that are traditionally considered difficult to make an impact in. what we have learned is that you make this difference we have to be clear and disciplined about how we seek to provide leadership. what would make our foundation unique would be its ability to make a difference by bringing people together. there are foundations are there doing amazing work, but we believed that we could help achieve big, positive, long—term changes by being the leading convening force in the charitable sector. we are not trying to do things on our own. we build our foundation with an open door. we are notjust relying on our own ideas. we invite the best and the brightest to sit with us around the table. we are not celebrating individual successes, but we build teams and partnerships for collective victories, and we lead by
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example by working across our generation as a family. we have been quiet in terms of talking about the royal foundation... studio: that news co nfe re nce royal foundation... studio: that news conference continues, the reaction to it on the news channel. coming up, a special on the most pressing issues of our time, dementia. join us then on bbc two and bbc news. have a good day, thank you your company. hello, a very good morning. a new day and the same old weather for many parts of the british isles. another day of significantly disruptive weather. especially so but not exclusively across northern and eastern parts. amber warning is bound from the met office. i'll show you one, a new one has been released from north norfolk through the wash into the northern parts of the midlands. a narrow band because these showers just keep on coming out north norfolk and ever further to the west. there are showers
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aplenty in northern england into northern and eastern parts of scotland. wherever you spend the day it will be a cold one. if i add in the strength of the wind, that is how it will feel if you have this outside of your own front door. let me throw you forward to thursday. some areas haven't seen much snow in the west. this feature, as it gradually moves ever further northwards, it brings significant and disruptive snow in southern and western parts of the british isles this time... this is bbc news, and these are the top stories developing at 11. cold weather intensifies across the uk, with heavy snow
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causing further disruption. hazardous conditions result in stranded motorists and crashes. if and services and flights. hundreds of schools are closed. the cheering continues to provide fresh snowfall as the amber warnings continue. as the eu prepares to publish the first draft of its withdrawal treaty, borisjohnson claims the row over the irish border is being used to frustrate brexit. also, two well known names from our high streets and retail

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