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tv   Newsday  BBC News  April 3, 2018 1:00am-1:31am BST

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i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. the headlines: us markets fall nearly 2%, as china hits back against donald trump's tariffs. pork and wine are among the us imports targeted, so what does washington do now? i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme: tributes to winnie mandela, the anti—apartheid campaigner and former wife of nelson mandela, who's died at 81. in the midst of repression, she was a voice of defiance and resistance. protests are continuing along gaza's border with israel, after 16 palestinians were killed by israeli soldiers. good morning.
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it's 8am in singapore, i in the morning in london, and 8pm in new york, where the dowjones has fallen by nearly 2%. this is partly due to china's decision to retaliate and impose tariffs on more than 100 imports, including pork and wine from the us. it's in response to president trump's decision to slap duty on chinese—made steel and aluminium. so the markets are nervous and everyone is wondering what the next move will be. from washington, gary o'donoghue reports. at the white house today, the trumps were entertaining children in the annual easter egg roll. but all the jollity couldn't mask the fact that on trade, the president's hard line means the chickens are coming home to roost. china's retaliation was never in doubt — but on what and how much, was the question. now we know $3 billion of us goods will face extra import duties of up
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to 25%, covering 128 separate items. one of the sectors that will be hardest hit by the new duties will be american pig farmers. they export more than $1 billion worth of pork to china. about 26% of all us pork production is exported. and most of the growth comes from outside us borders. so any restriction on our export markets is not a good development for us pork producers. we are focused on maintaining and expanding export opportunities. so this was not good news for us. the us wine industry is also facing big new barriers to trade with china, an area where america saw a 10% growth last year under donald trump. he is right in certain areas, of targeting different aspect of this dispute. but the broad, sweeping tariffs we have seen have not maybe achieved the goals that he might want to see in the long run. doing something about the substantial trade deficit
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with china was a key part of donald trump's election success. but it comes with risks, both economic and political. these are just the opening skirmishes in what threatens to become a full—blown trade war. the us is already planning restrictions on a further $60 billion worth of chinese imports, and china in return could hit those midwest farming states hard. in a congressional election year, that could pose the president some serious political problems. gary o'donoghue, bbc news, at the white house. as you might expect, the world's stock markets had a slightly nervous day on monday. indexes were slightly down in tokyo and shanghai, though hong kong was closed. and in new york, both the dowjones and the nasdaq ended the day significantly lower. the dow was off by 1.9% and the nasdaq was down by nearly 2.3%. our business reporter in new york, joe miller gave his assessment on why stock markets have fallen. there were not that many smiley
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faces elsewhere at the close of trading today. elsewhere on the floor, that is. the dowjones fell 1.9%, the s&p 500, the broader index narrowly avoided its worst start to april since the great depression. not a good day at all. the realfear from investors is not so much the sanctions china has imposed yesterday on those 128 products we mentioned earlier, it is more what china might do next. the real exposure is with one of the biggest companies on the american stock market like boeing, caterpillar and general motors. investors are concerned that the next round of retaliations will target specific companies and will really eat into corporate profits. that is the fear on wall street today. the activity follows sell, sell, sell, buy, buy,
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buy. will they just write follows sell, sell, sell, buy, buy, buy. will theyjust write this out? as they say, it tends to forget selling. it is important to remember that there is notjust one pressure on the stock market today, the looming trade war, there is significant pressure on text stocks, which have been a big part of the stock market boom. donald trump hasn't helped in that year at either, he has gone after amazon on his twitter, putting retailers out of business across the us, having opaque tax affairs and crucially of taking advantage, he says, of the us postal system, which it uses to send billions of parcels. amazon will say they have helped revive the postal system and it is trying to find alternatives to using it in any case. nonetheless, this has sent amazon stocks down 5% and there are more worries on the market this week andi more worries on the market this week and i can we can expect further losses in the coming days. having
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said that, when we look at kew one, it has not been the best start, has it? -- water one. no, this comes after he was tweeting their success after he was tweeting their success after every week or so. after the stock market recovered after one day, he tweeted make america great again, this is a look at the stock market is under donald trump and it has mainly been at his —— at his own hands that this has happened. and we'll have more on that in asia business report up next. at least seven people are reported to have been killed in india, during protests led by india's dalit community. the demonstrations broke out after the supreme court ruled that people accused of discriminating against india's lowest caste should not face immediate arrest. the indian government has asked the court to reconsider its judgement. israel's prime minister, benjamin netanyahu, has put on hold an agreement with the united nations under which thousands of african
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migrants currently living in israel were to be resettled abroad. it's not clear why the deal, which was announced earlier, has been suspended. zimbabwe's president emmerson mnangagwa has arrived in beijing for a four day state visit. zimbabwean state media says he expects to sign a memorandum of understanding, which will help his government's plans for economic revival. and now, here's a teacher taking the old saying that if you can't beat them join them. simon hunt, from tottington primary school here in the uk says he kept turning round to see his class performing a dance known as the floss. so rather than bringing them to attention, he got them to teach him how to do it and filmed the results. quite impressive, i'm sure you agree. that video, of course, has gone viral. for many south africans, winnie madikizela—mandela was a beacon of hope and defiance during the long struggle against apartheid.
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her death on monday at the age of 81, has triggered a wave of tributes. but there have also been some who touched on the allegations that she employed methods which could be seen as violent, or even criminal, as she fought for equality. andrew harding reports. into a new south africa. if he became a saintly icon, she was something more complicated. heroic but flawed, winnie, the mother of the nation. her world was transformed at age 23, when she met and married nelson mandela. he was a lawyer, already active in the underground struggle against racial apartheid, and soon to be sentenced to life imprisonment. my husband has been fighting for the liberation of the african people, for the working harmoniously of all the racial groups
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in this country. in the years that followed, she and her young daughters were ruthlessly harassed by the white minority government. she said that brutality taught her to hate. in prison, perhaps her husband had it easier. as south africa's townships erupted in violence, winnie became an increasingly radical, fiery figurehead. we bring up the white men's children. we could have killed them any time we wanted to. we shall liberate this country. she endorsed the vicious practice of necklaceing, putting a burning tyre around those suspected of betraying the cause, and she and her security guards were directly implicated in the abduction and murder of a 14—year—old boy. in 1990, winnie was there with husband as he walked to freedom and guided south africa on its miraculous path to democracy, but the years of separation had
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taken a toll on their marriage, mandela accused her of infidelity and asked for a divorce. we have been together since 1958, and whatever is happening, there's something that causes deep trauma. in her later years, still active in politics, she was convicted of fraud. but the sidelines, no place for such a grand figure. she bounced back, sometimes cherishing, sometimes resenting, her long marriage to nelson mandela. she claimed a prominent place at his funeral, then contested his will. today, the extended family is united in mourning her. the family continues to appreciate the continuous support, the support that we see here in front of us here, our home in soweto. she wasn't afraid for anything.
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she always spoke her mind. somebody who is an inspiration, who is still an inspiration even after her passing. tonight, many here in south africa, including a new president, are remembering her courage and defiance. she was courageous and, in many ways, very stubborn, stubborn on behalf of our people, because she knew that, out of her stubborn disposition, she would be able to inspire millions of south africans. winnie madikizela—mandela's life mirrored south africa's own turbulent journey, its violence and heroism. in life, she was a polarising figure. in death, many here seem inclined to forgive and to celebrate. winnie mandela, who's has died at the age of 81.
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several thousand palestinians remain in tented encampments along gaza's border with israel. they have been continuing their protests after at least 16 demonstrators were killed by israeli troops last week. the family of one of those who died has said their son was running away when he was shot. israel says militants were trying to breach the borderfence. 0ur middle east correspondent tom bateman reports from gaza. the days of mourning have continued in gaza, this family is remembering this man, the 18—year—old died on friday close to the perimeter fence. his mother says he would shot as he ran away from israeli troops. translation: they killed him. they shotin translation: they killed him. they shot in the head. he was just trying to rescue somebody, to help somebody. he spent half an hour at home and then he told me i am goa to
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the protest we're, like the other people. —— protests. videos purporting to show the incident have been circulated widely, they appear to show the man taking a tyre from another man. a shop can be heard before he. a ground. —— shot. before he falls to the ground. israel said he falls to the ground. israel said he acted in the military wing of hamas, his family deny this, saying he was not involved in political factions. palestinians accuse israel of using indiscriminate force last friday, at one point in the afternoon, they abduct as they try to help injured people. but israel's military says chris replanned to storm the fence and march to jerusalem, when asked about the case of the young man, it was suggested he may have earlier thrown firebombs and have said hamas is known to have
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fabricated videos of. gaza's hospitals treat the injured, on monday and other palestinian died from his wounds. israel has repeatedly defended its actions of last week, saying today it behaved as any other sovereign country would have done the. that is unlikely to quell the course for enquiry, without more detail of exactly what happened on the border. tom bateman, bbc news, gaza. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: we meet the photographer behind these amazing pictures of the world's harshest environments. also on the programme: as shinzo abe fixes another meeting with donald trump at the white house, we look at the close ties between the two. the accident that happened here was of the sort that can, at worse, produce a meltdown.
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in this case, the precautions worked, but they didn't work quite well enough to prevent some old fears about the safety features of these stations from resurfacing. the republic of ireland has become the first country in the world to ban smoking in the workplace. from today, anyone lighting up in offices, businesses, pubs or restaurants will face a heavy fine. the president was on his way out of the washington hilton hotel where he had been addressing a trade union conference. the small crowd outside included his assailant. it has become a symbol of paris. a hundred years ago, many parisians wished it had never been built. the eiffel tower's birthday is being marked by a re—enactment of the first ascent by gustave eiffel. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore.
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i'm babita sharma in london. our top stories: us stock markets have fallen sharply, partly fuelled by fears of a trade war with china. the dow jones ended just under 2% lower. south africa's president cyril ramaphosa has led the tributes to the veteran anti—apartheid campaigner winnie mandela, saying she leaves a huge legacy. time now for our paper review with a look at some of the front pages from around the world. today in the straits times from singapore, an update on malaysia's proposed bill to combat so—called ‘fake news' lawmakers in kuala lumpur‘s lower house passed the bill amid criticism it would stifle dissent before the upcoming election. it now needs to pass through the country's senate. in the south china morning post, a battle is brewing over soybeans. why china may target this import as those tariff disagreements with the us heat up.
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and on the front page of the japan times, play ball! shohei ohtani earns his first win as he pitches in his first major league baseball game for the los angeles angels. now, what stories are sparking discussions online? drones, as we know, are in everyday use now, but this effort to deliver a parcel in russia came to a bit of a disastrous end. the unmanned device was being used for the first time in the siberian city of ulan—ude. it went ok at first, even drawing a bit of a crowd of spectators but then things went a bit wrong. just watch as it crashes into a wall. you'll be pleased to know that no—one was harmed. the drone manufacturers are putting the crash down to the high number of wi—fi connections in the area which they say may have
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disrupted the flight. for more than 20 years, french photographer michel rawicki has made close to three dozen trips to the world's polar regions, some of the world's coldest and harshest environments. he's captured images of the ice, wildlife and also the people who live in these harsh environments to highlight the importance of conservation in these fragile and immense spaces. let's take a look at some of his photographs. and michel rawicki's photographic exhibition exploring the fragile white polar regions is on in singapore until may 6th. earlier i wasjoined in the studio by michel. i asked him what touched him so much about this particular region? i have been first touched by the pole when i was 12. my parents took me to a valley in the alps, and it was my first.
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i took the ice in my arms. if it was evident... and i was 12, i had my first little kodak brownie camera, and it was the beginning of a story. well, we will talk about climate change and the impact of the melting polar ice caps in a minute. but first off, let's take a look at these pictures. which are your favourites, can you talk us through some of them? well, my favourite is probably this polar bear picture, where it is mixed mineral, animal and celestial. while i was waiting for a couple of hours in the zodiac, practising patience and perseverance, which are two keywords for the photographer, i knew there was a full moon day, for sure.
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but the bear was sleeping since a couple of hours, and i was waiting gently with my camera and long lens for when something happens. and finally, when the moon appears behind the rock, the bear raises up its head and looks at the moon for 1.5 seconds, and i had the chance to get my camera to operate and took a picture. how extraordinary, we're just looking at it now. you have a few other pictures, as well. obviously one of a little boy with a brown bear, and quite curiously, he had never seen a polar bear before. absolutely, in russia there are brown bear who were sleeping at the time. and i was showing a picture of a polar bear on my smartphone to this little guy, 2.5 years old, vladimir. we had a great confidence
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with the family, and it was a very, very amazing picture of a polar bear. and a few seconds later, i was outside the traditional habitat, teepee, and he came with his teddy bear, put it in his sled, and he looked at me, like, ok, let's have a walk together. lovely. now, i guess looking at the polar regions, there is lots of concern around the melting ice caps, climate change, et cetera, et cetera. you have been there a number of times. what have you seen, in terms of the changes of climate change, and how are you bringing attention to it with your exhibition? for sure, since ‘92, which was my second shock, with touching the cold. i was dreaming of touching an iceberg, which i have done in ‘92.
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the ice went back north several hundred kilometres. especially between ‘95 and 15 years later, when i was back in the same area, same period, which means march—april, the ice went back north more than 300 kilometres. so you were disturbed by what you have seen, in terms of the changes. yes, of course. from the 1980s, you would be aware that the ice lost probably 30% of the global surface. the white house says president trump will host the japanese prime minister shinzo abe at his private mar—a—lago estate in florida later this month. it'll be mr abe's second trip to the so—called ‘winter white house' resort. theirflourishing "bromance" has had many a memorable moment. there was that awkward handshake when they first met in february last year that launched many a meme
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on social media. an encounter that lasted 19 seconds after which mr abe appears to grimace. then there's the fishy business when president trump visited prime minister abe in tokyo last november. at a traditional koi feeding ceremony, the two men dumped the entire contents of their wooden boxes of fish food into the pond. and how can we forget mr abe's almost ninja—like performance when he falls into a bunker during a round of golf at the kasumi country club injapan, all without his guest knowing what was happening! i have no doubt that when they next meet there will be some form of excitement and possibly another meme in the making. and i am told that we will be meeting you here in a few weeks because, viewers who are
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probably confused about who is where did you are back now in london after being away. yes. and we love having you here in the london studios. people on twitter have been speaking about the fact that you are there and i'm here... it is confusing. ricker was off for easter and then he will be back and then in a few weeks time i will be in singapore and we will swap again. outlets talk about the volatility of the asian markets after what happened in the us overnight. reuters is reporting that the japanese market has opened wea ker that the japanese market has opened weaker as a result of what has happened on wall street and the wea ker happened on wall street and the weaker dow, nasdaq and s&p 500. the
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japanese market is down about 1.5%. a few other markets are opening. australia's is lower as well as the south korean market. i will bring you moron that when we come back with the asian business report but we also have more stories on the asian business report including grab's bid for the south asian market. some are questioning whether this deal hinders competition. and before we go, let me show you these pictures. it's the latest blast off by the spacex rocket, to supply the international space station. this is the first time the mission is using a dragon cargo ship which has already been to the iss, which means the company is effectively recycling the components. it's the 14th time spacex has blasted off into orbit. we will see you again very soon. hello there. well, it has certainly been a very unsettled easter break, and for some parts of the country, quite a wintry one too.
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we still have some snow lingering, across parts of scotland in particular. here was the scene on easter monday in colchester, in essex. so cloudy conditions, we have had outbreaks of showery rain around as well. now, through the next few days, things are turning much milder across southern parts of the country. still chilly and wintry in the north, and that unsettled theme continues with sunshine and showers. what we are seeing is this milder air, the yellow colours, pushing north across the country. still holding onto the colder air across parts of scotland in particular. so for tuesday morning, your morning commute back to work, it will be snowing still across northern scotland, north of the central belt. towards the southern upland, it will be turning back to rain across the course of the morning, but that snow in central scotland still causing problems. it will ease away through the morning. further south showers moving in across england, wales and northern ireland, followed by more sunshine, and actually sunny spells across the afternoon. temperatures of 1a and 15 degrees will look much colder under the snowfall across parts of scotland. that snowfall will invigorate once again, so further heavy snow as we head through tuesday night
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into the early hours of wednesday. but further south it's another fairly mild night to come, with further bursts of showery rain across england, wales and northern ireland. eventually that snow across the north of scotland will ease away, later on wednesday, turning back to rain, particularly at lower levels further south. heavy rain, showers and thunderstorms rolling in across england and wales, though, although in the brightest spells we will see temperatures up to about 13 degrees or so. looking through from the midweek onwards, we'll be seeing low pressure just starting to drift away towards the east, and a ridge of higher pressure building. as we look further ahead, into thursday, it will probably be the best day of the week in terms of lots of dry and bright weather, with some sunshine on offer, and a lot less cold than it has been recently. so temperatures between around about seven to nine in the north, so fairly cool here. 12 or 13 further south, it will feel quite nice. during thursday evening
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and overnight into friday, another area of milder air moves in. you can also see some strong winds here. so heading on into friday, you're likely to see a little bit of rain heading on into the west, with the brisk winds around, as well. further east across the country, we keep the dry and the brightest spells in the weather, as well. so, with the southerly winds in the sunshine, we could well see 16 degrees also on friday. that milder theme continues on into the weekend, so by saturday, one or two areas of about 17, possibly 18 degrees. still a few showers on the cards. bye for now. i'm babita sharma with bbc news. our top story: stock markets in the us have fallen, after china announced new tariffs on american—made products. the dowjones was down 1.9% and the nasdaq 2.3% beijing's move comes after the us imposed sanctions on imports of steel and aluminium. mourners have gathered outside the house of the veteran anti—apartheid campaigner winnie mandela, who's died at the age of 81. south africa's president cyril ramaphosa described her as a "gigantic tree" in the struggle for equality.
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and this video is trending on bbc.com. it shows a teacher from greater manchester here in the uk being shown by his pupils how to do a dance called ‘the floss'. their united dance class has gone viral. that's all from me for now. stay with bbc news. and the top story here in the uk: the director of public prosecutions,
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