tv Beyond 100 Days BBC News April 18, 2018 7:00pm-8:01pm BST
you're watching beyond one hundred days. where would you host a summit between the north korean dictator and the us president? the hunt is on for the right location after news broke that america's mike pompeo flew to pyongyang for a secret meeting. over the easter weekend, kim jong un said denuclearising north korea would be on the table in a meeting with mr trump. the president now needs to reassure america's allies that it isn't being soft on north korea — shinzo abe is down at mar a lago pushing japan's case. also on the programme. the canadian prime ministerjustin trudeau tells the bbc he wants a bi—lateral trade deal with the uk the day after the brexit transition ends. we are, you know, very happy with trade with britain. it's our largest trading partner in the european union. no — this is not the metaphorical reaction to some of my bestjokes — it is in fact victorville california, over run by tumbleweeds. get in touch with us
using the hashtag... ‘beyond—one—hundred—days‘. hello and welcome — i'm katty kay in washington and christian fraser is in london. is it possible that donald trump is about to pull off a major diplomatic victory? or, is he about to get duped by a north korea regime that has promised denuclearisation before but never actually delivered? those questions have become pressing since news broke that his nominee for secretary of state mike pompeo secretly flew to pyongyang to meet kim jong un over easter weekend. the president could now meet kim as soon asjune though the location is diplomatically sensitive. here's the bbc‘s laura bicker in seoul. south korea never feels like a country still at war. instead, the young claim the streets after work and ignore
any threat from their neighbour to the north. now after 65 years, this generation may have a chance at peace. but they can't do it without the help of the president of the united states. i like what donald trump's doing with this peace... i think rather than donald trump's doing it was kim jong—un's change of attitude that led to this. at a press conference with the prime ministerjapanese prime ministers shinzo abe donald trump doctor hint at the diplomatic bombshell that was to come. we've also started talking to north korea directly. we have had direct talks at very high levels, extremely high levels. it turns out those talks were carried out by cia director mike pompeo who met kimjong—un in north korea. all confirmed in a presidential tweet. the meeting went very smoothly, he said, and a good
relationship was formed. details of the summit are being worked out now, denuclearisation will be a great thing for the world but also for north korea. so did kim jong—un tell mike pompeo he is ready to give up nuclear weapons, some doubt it. it's not clear to everyone that what he wants is simply denuclearisation of north korea or denuclearisation of the korean peninsula which will require that the us also give up its alliance with south korea and the nuclear umbrella that comes with that. officials in seoul are making it clear that no peace treaty would be on the table unless kim jong—un agreed to give up his nuclear weapons. and that is something many believe he will never be willing to do. however a peace treaty is something that his father and his grandfather never achieved. it might prove quite tempting to the young leader. the leaders of the two koreas will come face—to—face at the heavily fortified border next week. but the power to forge any lasting
agreement lies with the us. the hopes of many on this peninsula are in president trump's hands. laura bicker, bbc news, seoul. a short while ago i spoke to shane harris from the washington post — he's the journalist who first broke the story about mike pompeo‘s north korea meeting. so shane, from your reporting, mike pompeo met kimjong—un in pyongyang over easter weekend. can you give us any more details of that meeting? well, what we know is that at that meeting, which was quite extraordinary — there hasn't been a high—level meeting like this in almost 20 years — the trump administration got assurances from the north koreans that they were willing to put the issue of denuclearisation on the table when kim jung—un and president trump meet later. so from the white house's perspective, this was really the key element that they wanted before going into these negotiations. and it does appear that that was what was discussed and that mike pompeo got those assurances and they were enough to make the administration believe that the north koreans are serious about these negotiations and the summit that is being planned.
do we know if there was any discussion about how the verification process would work for that denuclearisation? because i think it is four times now the north koreans have promised to denuclearise and just haven't done it. that's right, we don't know the answer to that question, what else was discussed. we're still trying to learn those details. but as you rightly point out, the north koreans can say they are going to do something but really until you get down to the stuff on paper and get the terms, this is all sort of a theoretical discussion. although the gambit here was a fairly high stakes one i think. to send the cia director who by the way is not yet confirmed as the secretary of state, on this diplomatic mission. it was at least enough i think to get the trump administration over this initial hurdle to believe maybe there is some chance that we could come to an agreement down the road. i bet you, like me, would have loved to have been a fly on the wall at that meeting. do we know anything more about the relationship between pompeo and kim jong—un, where they met in pyongyang, any of those kind of details?
we've heard a little bit, it was described in one instance, there was a kind of social element to it. these two were sitting down and getting to know one another. we don't know if they dined together or shared a drink or anything like that. but he was there we think for a couple of days. and also previous to this there had been some really unusual outreach as well by pompeo and the cia and his counterparts in the north korean main intelligence agencies. so there was a little bit of a warm up but remotely, this wasn't in person. before this kind of meeting. but we do know of course that kimjong—un has met with westerners before. he's a big fan of western culture. maybe they talked about basketball, i would love to know that. that kind of thing. but there was some element we think of notjust pure formality, this was two people we think trying to get to know each other a bit. i hope it was basketball and not k pop, i can't see mike pompeo doing that one!
can you tell us briefly anything about the next meeting, where it might take place, the one between trump and kimjong—un, that summit? the president said yesterday that they have narrowed it down to about five possible locations. so through the grapevine i've heard geneva as a possibility, of course kim jong—un went to school in switzerland. when he was younger. there has been talk about possibly even having it in pyongyang. i think elements on both sides would see some advantage but also disadvantages in doing that. but i think there is a sense that maybe north koreans would like to stay somewhere closer to the peninsular, but we will have to wait and see. shane harris at the washington post, thanks very much. let's get the thoughts of retired a—star general and former nato supreme allied commander, wes clark. he joins us now from arkansas. the decision. we know the only thing that matters to kim jong—un is the survival of the dynasty. so how does the us run this negotiation to ensure that he is negotiating in good faith. i think it is about to neutralisation but more than that,
it is about stabilising the military and security situation in north east asia. so the lesson from the iran negotiations at least for the us is if you just talk about nuclear issues you leave a lot of stuff on the table and a lot of room for mischief. so i have the trump administration will be smarter than just talking about to neutralisation. north korea has been a rogue state in part because they have been on the outside of the well community in terms of banking relationships, trade and technology and investment relations. so what i think i'm hearing from many sources is that kim jong—un wants to strengthen the north korean economy. whereas his father and grandfather might have aimed first to unify the peninsular i think he aims first to build up his own economy. and did he wa nts build up his own economy. and did he wants the south korean big companies like samsung to come into north
korea. it is loaded with mineral resources , korea. it is loaded with mineral resources, offshore oil and many other things. so i think it has to bea other things. so i think it has to be a broader discussion and just denuclearisation. to neutralisation isa denuclearisation. to neutralisation is a difficult problem but the united states and south korea should wa nt united states and south korea should want assurances that as that progresses and north korea gets industrial assistance, what is to keep them from flowing into the military sector and making life even more injeopardy in south korea. so it has to be a much broader discussion. so i think this would be a successful summit in the sense that it opens the doors but will not resolve the issues. is there a downside to the fact that this summit is taking place at a fairly accelerated timetable, perhaps pushed by the south koreans who wa nted pushed by the south koreans who wanted to get under way as quickly as possible. but at that speed means you have these leaders meeting without all the groundwork having necessarily been laid around all
thoseissues necessarily been laid around all those issues you talked about. and what happens if it doesn't work there is never else diplomatically to go then. i think there is a sense of urgency on the part of president trump to have something to show for his threats and this certainly makes it look like the threats paid off for the soul he is going to get a meeting but on the other hand, no previous american president has been willing to take that step and do that meeting without having done all of the homework first. so the risk here is that you have a meeting, eve ryo ne here is that you have a meeting, everyone says great success, lots of friendly pictures and then what happens is it just friendly pictures and then what happens is itjust disintegrates over time. as other efforts to resolve this issue have disintegrated over time with north korea. there is probably the most likely outcome. but it depends really on what kim jong—un, what his
objectives are. if he really wants investment in the north then he will be much more forthcoming than his father was in the 1994 agreement. always good to get your thoughts, thank you. let's put those doubts to one side, all the cynicism that comes from the media. if donald trump with all that bravado. something like this and finds an armistice after 60 years and manages to get a major concession that would be political goals for donald trump ahead of 2020. notjust political gold for him domestically but also a serious victory internationally as well. it would be the kind of things that international peace organisers would be looking at. nobel peace organisers. something no one else
has done and politically it would give donald trump the ability to save the american electorate to say you see my unconventional methods to work after decades of sclerosis on this, the fact that i commend as a disrupter with this twitter style that so many people have condemned, actually gets results where others have failed. so it would be for him as vindication but also the kind of thing that internationally he would be seen in a totally different light. let's see if it works. even as mr trump is busy striking international security deals in mar a lago, he's still tweeting about stormy daniels, the russia investigation and jim comey. slipperyjames comey, he wrote, the worst fbi director in history, was not fired because of the phony russia investigation where, by the way, there was no collusion (except by the dems)! mr trump also tweeted that stormy daniels was fake news. the degree to which the president's legal woes preoccupy him should not be underestimated.
it's only got worse since the fbi raided the offices of his lawyer, michael cohen. joining us now from texas is the attorney and former us solicitor general, ken starr — who himself conducted a special investigation into president bill clinton. we said yesterday that in a way mr mueller has freelanced part of his investigation but in some way does he ensure that the investigation into donald trump is kept alive even if he is fired first —? into donald trump is kept alive even if he is fired first -? that investigation will go forward even if robert mueller is fired which i do not think will happen. but we do seem to be far removed from the issue of collusion. that is the mandate that mr mueller had from the
acting attorney general. we are light years away from that. and i must say i am concerned about this raid on the attorney ‘s office. the attorney—client privilege in your law and in american law, which of course we inherited the doctrine from the mother country, is sacrosanct. there are exceptions and thatis sacrosanct. there are exceptions and that is going to be looked at. i'm happy ina that is going to be looked at. i'm happy in a way thatjudge would imposed additional safeguards to try to protect the attorney—client privilege of this entire process. but as i understand it the southern district of new york is looking at amongst other things possible wire fraud, campaign finance violations. if they fight evidence of that presumably the implications are quite serious and the motivation must surely be for mr mueller to have something that he can flip him on. except this would not be related
asi on. except this would not be related as i see it to the issue of russian collusion. now has the investigation been expanded with the permission of the deputy attorney general who was the deputy attorney general who was the acting attorney general, we do know these things for sure. there's so much we do not know because we're kind veil of ignorance. but there is an investors —— and aggressive investigation under way which reminds us that power can be abused so we need to make sure that individual liberties are in fact protected. it is interesting that you raised the idea that this investigation may have been expanded because of course you oversaw the investigation of bill clinton which began with a real as they deal in arkansas and ended up with a blue dress. those were also pretty far apart. if you were in the position of mr mueller would you want to try to flip michael: but unlike let me
say that each aspect of my investigation was approved by the attorney general of the united states and the special division of the knot but we wondering afield. yes, every prosecutor is seeking to go yes, every prosecutor is seeking to 9° up yes, every prosecutor is seeking to go up the ladder so to speak and to try to get more information and assess that information and take the logical steps. but we are dealing with a presidency and notjust with the person who occupies it so i think we need to step back and say i'll be respecting the prerogatives and dignity of the presidency itself. that is a serious question. we asked ourselves that throughout my investigation and i'm sure that mr mueller will also ask himself that. this is all hypothetical obviously because we do not know whether southern district of new york is going to lead their investigation. but where later revealed some kind of financial criminality that implicated the
president, are you suggesting you think that would not only be beneficial to the american public to know that? no, we need to know the truth, of course we do. my point is the reason that mr mueller was appointed to have a special counsel as opposed to the us attorney is to get to the bottom of whether the has—been collusion. the president said there was not, we have seen no evidence of that. that is the reason that mr mueller came into being so to speak. i think we need to know that. that is the imperative and compelling question, not whether bank fraud and the like was committed but of course the american people want to know the truth. thank you very much forjoining us. members of cuba's national assembly have named the man who will become the next president and end almost sixty years of castro rule in cuba. vice—president miguel diaz canel has been confirmed as the sole candidate — its subject to a parliamentary vote but he's almost certain to be confirmed. the queen is said to be devastated by the death of her last corgi.
14—year—old willow was put to sleep after suffering a cancer—related illness. during her reign the queen has owned over 30 corgis, many of them direct descendents from susan, who had been a gift on her 18th birthday. she still has two remaining dogs. the canadian prime minister has told the bbc that canada has never had to work with a us administration like donald trump's before. the leader of america's northern neighbour has been talking to the bbc about how to manage the relationship with mr trump. mr trudeau also said he wants a trade deal with the uk that would come into effect right after britain leaves the european union. justin trudeau has been speaking exclusively to the bbc‘s yalda hakim in london, where he's attending the commonwealth summit. this is certainly a particular time, people recognise that. the president prides himself on a level of disruption and unpredictability.
that is challenging certain aspect of global systems that we have perhaps taken for granted. and it does keep me on my toes. but we have a good working relationship because that is what canadians expect me to do. we are looking of course to have a seamless transition as we go from the ceta deal that we just signed with the entire european union including great britain, obviously. to have a version of ceta that is stand—alone, that will flip over the day after brexit. so we're very happy with trade with britain, it is our largest trading partner in the european union. and we will look to make sure we have continuity. so a firm commitment? oh yes, i actually sat down with prime minister may i think six months ago and we made sure everyone knew at all our officials were working towards making sure that is as smooth as it possibly can be. and we're confident it is. it is interesting, this relationship
i think people do not think about much. the relationship between the us and canada. the relationship between us and mexico as always seen asa between us and mexico as always seen as a difficult one but this is not easy forjustin trudeau, he had a relationship with donald trump that he has to keep on the rails. the trading relationship is much too important for the canadians to jeopardise that. he knows that and yet he's dealing with the constant threat that donald trump may pull the plug on nafta which would be critical to the canadian economy. and he has got tojuggle critical to the canadian economy. and he has got to juggle that. critical to the canadian economy. and he has got tojuggle that. he's ina very and he has got tojuggle that. he's in a very sensitive position and you can hear that in those words, the level of frustration he must feel, he's keeping me on my toes i think is diplomatic speak for this is not easy. encouraging towns though for theresa may who of course does help to get that trade deal with canada. but he says they find this temporary
deal and they could build on that. and the british government would wa nt and the british government would want more on services because the ceta at the moment is a very simple deal. but it depends on what can of customs union uk negotiates with the european union. they all say happy to talk but what can a future will you have with the eu. and that brings us nicely to the story we are about to discuss. so far no model for a trade deal with financial services in it. theresa may's government has suffered a heavy defeat in the house of lords in a vote relating to brexit. peers have voted in favour of a customs union with the eu defying one of the prime minister's red lines. it is not definitive, the bill will now go back to the house of commons. let's get this update with our political correspondent ben wright who's in westminster. and it was a heavy defeat. 120 votes against the government. tell us what the reaction has been. a heavy defeat yes, not a huge surprise
because the conservatives do not have a majority in the house of lords. the unelected upper chamber here at parliament. this was always going to be quite a tough fight to get this huge piece of legislation through call the eu withdrawal bill. one of many having to go through parliament to pave the way for brexit. i think this defeat shows the house of lords is ready to thump the house of lords is ready to thump the government on the nose when it does not think it has got the right plan for delivering brexit. and what they were voting on today was an amendment that tells government ministers during the course of the negotiations are not now to seek out a new custom arrangement with the eu, a new customs union and then report back to parliament in the autumn and tell mps how they got on. that is what they voted on and it passed quite comfortably. there are i think many more remain supporters in the house of lords then leave
supporters and this shows there are confident at issuing instructions to the government. it does not mean the government is now compelled to go out and keep us in the customs union, but it throws the ball back to the elected house of commons and asks mps to think again. but it is a blow for the government, clearly disappointing because leaving the customs union and single market are the red lines in the government brexit negotiations. thank you very much. and our parliamentary correspondent says the house of lords hasn't acted a second defeat on the government this evening, voting to support a proposal from the labour party that would give enhanced legal protection in areas of consumer protection, health and safety sta nda rds of consumer protection, health and safety standards and employment rights. so pretty bruising day the government in the house of lords today. christian, you consider yourself quite the gardener don't you?
in my house. it is crazy. that is my idea of hell and i'm one of those gardeners who is fastidious about weeds. i have one of those tortures andi weeds. i have one of those tortures and i go out and then the weeds on the drive. that poor woman, every time she looked there was another coming over the top of the wall. just like my social media trail. dreadful. this is beyond 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news — more terrifying details emerge of the moment a jet engine explodes mid air in the united states. and the personality behind the politics — we speak to someone who worked with barbara bush during her days in the white house, with tributes pouring in for the former first lady who's died at the age of 92. good evening. today showed what a
difference the sunshine makes at this time of year. when we see it the temperatures really do rise and the temperatures really do rise and the average 25 degrees in centre of london today. that is on a par with much of spain, and even warm across parts of northern ireland and scotla nd parts of northern ireland and scotland in the high teens. but we do have more clout around just because of the proximity of this weather front which overnight returns eased bringing just some splashes of rain. that tempers the amount of clear skies and therefore sunshine to start off with tomorrow. elsewhere some light wind in the east, and tomorrow we still have this south easterly feed and pollen
levels will again be high. the strength of the sun pretty lively. another one day for most of us, the one with potentially spreading north. but more clout around in the north. but more clout around in the north and west and perhaps parts of western wales as well. as we go through friday we begin to lose that south easterly flow and we take up more of an atlantic influence so things are a bit fresher. but still a lot of sunshine around. and for the english channel coasts we could have some fog coming in with those sea breezes. but for most of us some lovely sunshine to enjoy again. although temperatures perhaps a little bit lower. still a decent day. the high pressure that is with us day. the high pressure that is with us at the moment is relinquishing its grip and allowing this cooler airto come in its grip and allowing this cooler air to come in from the atlantic. and with that the moisture. that
will be released with some showers. potentially sharp showers by sunday in particular, heavy with some thunder around. and temperatures returned more to average for the time of year. ahead of that on sunday we could have some real warmth for those in london marathon runners and spectators were also the risk later in the day of a heavy shower. stay tuned. this is beyond one hundred days, with me katty kay in washington — christian fraser's in london. our top stories — the prospect of a summit between the us and north korea moves a step closer with confirmation that cia director, mike pompeo held secret talks with kim jong—un. the house of lords emphatically rejects a key element of the uk government's plan for achieving brexit coming up in the next half hour — the windrush overshadows this week's commonwealth summit — theresa may apologises again for mistakes which led to some who came to the uk as children being threatened with deportation. the us ambassador to the un, nikki haley fires back
at a top white house advisor over claims she was confused over impending sanctions on russia. let us know your thoughts by using the hashtag... 53 commonwealth heads of government are meeting in london this week for their biennial summit known as chogm. the organisation has sometimes been regarded with indifference by british prime ministers. not any more. the commonwealth countries are home to 2.4 billion people and post brexit, the uk government sees them as a valuable source of increased trade. the summit however has been overshadowed by a row over the legal status of caribbean born britons, who have lived in the uk for decades, but have been unable to produce documentation to meet tighter immigration rules. many who arrived as children, without papers, have lost their jobs, their medical care, they have been evicted, even threatened with deportation.
the row over the fate of the windrush—era residents has turned into a huge embarrassment for the british government. lord howell, the president of the royal commonwealth society, the organisation committed to improving the lives of commonwealth citizens. it isa it is a pleasure to have you with us, how damaging has this windrush episode been for uk interests at a time when the british government is looking to the commonwealth with renewed interest? in terms of publicity and media slides damage, this never should have happened, it is an extraordinary example of how in the vast swirl of handling of immigration problems and citizenship problems a small number but important number can get lost. this is nothing new, we were debating this in parliament months and months ago. it has blown up for various
reasons which i believe you to speculate on rather than myself but it is not a new issue, people have realised the many months past there was something fundamentally wrong over this and it needed to be repaired. the prime minister has said there will be compensation, everything will be examined to work out who exactly has been deported and if they have suffered financial loss and so on. the matter can be sold swiftly and efficiently but it never should have happened. let's talk about the organisation because perhaps in recent times prime ministers in the uk have been sniffy about the commonwealth, what did they have to do if there is renewed interest post brexit, what do they have to do to convince the other 52 states they are engaged for the right reasons? well, you are right, for many years now, some people have argued that commonwealth network of friends around the planet would
become increasingly important with huge new middle—income consumer market is expanding at a pace never before seen in history so in many ways the medium—term prospects for successful trading nation like ours has got to be to succeed in these gigantic new markets and the markets the neighbour them like china. so, this is the realisation that has come to many people and brexit prompted and triggered inside the establishment machine a realisation that this had to be taken seriously and we could not go one regarding the commonwealth is something amongst the rest while our destiny was entirely in europe. the world isn't like that any more, europe remains immensely important but it isa remains immensely important but it is a shrinking part of the overall world gnp and production of wealth and the gigantic prospects of the future lie but it's a amongst the young, the commonwealth 60% under 30
and the average african age is 19, amongst the younger generation this isa amongst the younger generation this is a gigantic network of the future in which we have to operate. can i ask you about the story breaking out of parliament where peers have backed calls for uk to remain a customs union after brexit, this is an embarrassing defeat? it is inevitable defeat, there are whole group of peers and the opposition joined in and the lib dems who are clinging to this idea of a customs union. let me say i myself wanted the reform of the year which is desperately needed because it is now out of date concept to be conducted within, andi out of date concept to be conducted within, and i voted to stay in but the country left did they wanted to stand aside from the eu centralised system, i do not think there is much future for customs unions, this is not a world in which these protectionist blocks which keep out a lot of trade amongst poorer
countries have really got much of a place, we now have huge global supply chains and value chains winding across asia and china to india to britain and back again predator made in several places, anything you pick up is probably made in 15 different countries, this isa made in 15 different countries, this is a different world and clinging to an old—style customs union is understandable but for me it is yesterday. thank you forjoining us. this next story is a lesson in the art of the put down. last weekend the us ambassador to the un, nikki haley, seemed pretty sure that the administration was about to implement another round of sanctions on russia. except those sanctions never materialised. yesterday, the president's new national economics adviser, larry kudlow, told reporters ms haley had got ahead of the curve. "she's a very effective ambassador," he said "but there might have been some momentary confusion" or maybe they were about to announce sanctions — and president trump over—ruled them. it wouldn't be the first time he'd pulled his punches on russia. nikki haley it seems was being
thrown under the preverbial bus. and she didn't like it. not one bit. responding to kudlow‘s remarks that she may‘ve been "confused", nikki haley said: "with all due respect, i don't get confused," and, that sent larry kudlow back—peddling with this statement: "she was certainly not confused. i was wrong to say that — totally wrong. as it turns out, she was basically following what she thought was policy. the policy was changed and she wasn't told about it, so she was in a box." our north america reporter, anthony zurcher, is here. quite often hear christian looks me as ifi quite often hear christian looks me as if i had quite often hear christian looks me as ifihada quite often hear christian looks me as if i had a bit confused particularly when it comes to questions about brexit which he thinks i don't understand very well, i now know what i'm going to say to him,i i now know what i'm going to say to him, ido i now know what i'm going to say to
him, i do not get confused. a good line. i do not know if larry says she was a confused use out of the loop is any better. nikki haley it is strange to say this after only a year but is a survivor in this administration. least in foreign policy, rex tillerson, michael flynn, loss of lower—level foreign policy staff have been undermined or kicked straight out whilst she has managed to carve out a niche for herself in new york, a distance from washington but finally she got a little taste of what it is like to deal with this president. seriously, this is important stuff, coordinating messaging on an important thing like sanctions is really important for white house and continually listening to get this wrong is documented rex tillerson, there were times when he thought he was doing something for the white house and the president overruled him and again it is happening with
nikki haley who has been the point on foreign policy over the last few weeks. absolutely, north korea, on iran, rex tillerson had habit of getting sideswiped by the president and particularly on russia where you change policy so quickly like that russia just today said the administration has not been imposing sanctions, shrugging its shoulder at nikki haley and her assertions and it makes it look like the administration is backing off from it. it is a challenge for any administration to try to speak with one voice and here we are where once again this administration seems to be going back and forth and it is donald trump the one who is doing it, here's the final arbiter reportedly saw nikki haley and said he told her say that and that was when the walking back on her part had to start. is it because i am the only one on this screen shots that looks different from the others that happens to be a woman that i am
thinking, hold on, we're not saying the obvious thing which is that larry was being condescending to nikki haley quite possibly because she is a woman. it is like the pat on the head, they're there, dear. she is a woman. it is like the pat on the head, they're there, deanm was not a good way to handle it at all. speaking for my gender, it was all. speaking for my gender, it was a very tactless way of handling it and condescending way talking about confusion doesn't look good for him and that is probably why he had to walk all that back again but saying she is out of the loop equally damning. it is also possible the policy changed. anthony, i'm so sorry to put in opposition, thank you for coming on and being such a sport. an airline passenger has been killed in america after she was almost sucked out of a plane at 32 thousand feet when one of its engines exploded.
the southwest airlines boeing 737 was flying between new york and texas. the blast shattered the window she was sitting next to. nick bryant has the story. imagine the relief of the passengers on board after this south—west airlines boeing 737 landed safely on the ground. they had heard the engine explode at 32,000 feet. they had seen a window smashed open by the debris. they had watched as a fellow passenger was partially sucked out of the cabin after the rapid depressurisation. one of the 149 people on board, marty martinez captured the high altitude drama. first there was an explosion and then almost immediately the oxygen masks came down. and then probably within a matter of ten seconds, the engine then hit a window and busted it wide open. it felt like it was freefalling and of course everyone was freaking out. everyone was crying. at the controls, captain tammiejo shults, a highly experienced
former top gun navy pilot. she radioed for help, showing extraordinary calm. ok, could you have the medical meet us there on the runway as well? we've got injured passengers. injured passengers, ok. and is your aeroplane physically on fire? no, it's not on fire. but part of it's missing. they said there's a hole and someone went out. i'm sorry, you said there was a hole and somebody went out? airport, there is a hole in the side of the aircraft. passengers managed to pull the woman sucked out of the window back into the cabin, but she died from her injuries. she has now been identified as jennifer riordan, a bank executive from new mexico. a 42—year—old mother—of—two who had been on a business trip to new york. investigators are looking into what is the first fatal us airline accident in almost a decade. the early signs point to metal fatigue, causing a fan blade to break off. even before this incident, european authorities have called
for non—urgent inspections of these american and french made engines that are a workhorse of the global aviation industry. us authorities are now likely to follow suit. this could been a catastrophic accident and the pilot who landed this stricken aircraft is being hailed as a heroine. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. from the moment colonel gaddafi was deposed in 2011, libya was plunged into chaos and instability. there's still no central government, seven years on the country is split between several authorities competing for control. the collapse of law and order, and any border controls, has implications for europe with tens of thousands of african migrants setting sail for italy across the mediterranean in recent years. the un hopes elections can be held this year but those plans may not come to fruition. one of the main players in libyan politics general khalifa haftar, is currently in a french military
hospital after suffering a stroke and just today a car bomb hit a convoy of the chief of staff of the eastern libyan military outside benghazi wounding at least three people. frederic wehrey has regularly visited libya since 2011 and is out with a new book called the burning shores. he joined me a short time ago, and i started by asking if the international community could have done more in that first year after the revolution. the country was grappling with the legacy of 42 years of ruin under gaddafi, a dictator who left libya a hollow state with no institutions so they were starting from scratch and so the international effort had to have been massive, perhaps some sort of stabilisation force, the problem was the libyans were not able to absorb the assistance, though often divided about how much actual assistance they wanted, they did not
wa nt assistance they wanted, they did not want foreign voices on the ground so it was a tremendously challenging problem. he spent a long time writing this book and time in libya, i guess the bottom line is would libya and the west be better off if gaddafi had stayed in power?“ libya and the west be better off if gaddafi had stayed in power? is it unthinkable to ask a question mark these are difficult questions, and certainly in libya there is nostalgia for the old system and you could argue yes, and a gaddafi you could argue yes, and a gaddafi you could walk the streets of tripoli at night and it was safe but that was a piece of the graveyard, he was ruling with an iron fist, he was keeping a thumb on people, people we re keeping a thumb on people, people were imprisoned, sometimes the violence is being exported outside his borders, the systems are never sta ble his borders, the systems are never stable and they are going to colla pse stable and they are going to collapse at some point and when they do we're seeing the results across the middle east. and in europe as well with migrants still trying to leave libya, a story today the libyan navy picked up a boat full of migrants trying to get to europe
from africa 217 of them were rescued this time around, what is the situation now with migrants who are trying to leave libya and how destabilising is it to europe? this is the huge catastrophe of post—revolutionary libya is it has opened the space for the flow of migrants abetted by cynical smugglers who keep these migrants in slave like conditions to extort them, it is a huge moral tragedy, there are perhaps is some decreasing of the migrant flow because they are being kept in libya because of this is called in europe is putting but it isa is called in europe is putting but it is a tremendously challenging policy because by subcontracting the policy because by subcontracting the policy to the libyans you are keeping these migrants in horrific conditions. if you have the ear of president trump as he is wearing his own middle east policy, what would your advice be? towards libya, there
needs to be more us diplomatic engagement. other listens for syria? the aftermath of intervention is destabilising and picking the right actors to back is a huge challenge so these interventions have follow—on consequences and the aftermath of libya deterred obama on syria so you cannot social engineer societies after they collapse. thank you for coming in. interesting what he says about the numbers being down, thinking to when i was on a boat just of down, thinking to when i was on a boatjust of libya and the men we picked up had been marched to the beach three days before they set sail because it was too rough they threw them in a hole on the beach and they kept them in that hold the several days and it was only getting those stories and the slave like conditions they are held in out to countries in africa and in central
africa that he will stop this flow of migrants through libya, getting those horror stories out that it will prove a deterrent. maybe the stories of what happens when they get to europe, too. this is beyond one hundred days. still to come — barbara bush's best moments — we speak to a former white house staffer paying tribute to the former first lady, who's died at the age of 92. it was only a few weeks ago that large parts of the country were covered in snow as the beast from the east swept in. but today britain has been basking in the hottest day of the year so far — with the temperatures expected to remain high well into the weekend. sima kotecha is in birmingham. this sunshine is set to continue for many of us across the country for a few days yet. the top temperature
recorded in birmingham today was 22 degrees however do not put away the umbrellas just yet there is rain forecast for some of us over the weekend. finally spring has properly sprung in parts of the country temperatures up to 25 degrees did it today london norwich lincoln and birmingham have all been on the receiving end of glorious weather. birmingham have all been on the receiving end of glorious weatherlj booked receiving end of glorious weather.” booked the day off work so i'm enjoying it with my friends. i went toa enjoying it with my friends. i went to a concert last night so just relaxing and it feels luxurious. relaxed, happy and excited for the summer. when i woke and the sun was shining i did want to get out of bed and have a nice day soberly happy. and on the beach injersey, they made the most of it. absolutely superb, we have been waiting for this for a long time. i never ending winter. it is lovely, really nice to have the sun out and no clouds. most
of the kids down to the beach and hopefully it will continue for the re st of hopefully it will continue for the rest of the summer. the change in weather is down to a change in wind direction, warm air is being pushed northwards from the mediterranean and central europe. lifting temperatures for many of us. and for the next few days, even more spells of sunshine are to come. however, in western parts of scotland some showers are possible. the plans for tonight some family time in the outdoors as long as the sun lasts. you're watching beyond one hundred days... tributes are pouring in from around the world forformer first lady barbara bush. her son george — the 43rd president said — she "kept us on our toes and kept us laughing until the end." the 92 year old matriarch of the bush family died yesterday in houston. dubbed the silver fox by her husband of 73 years — she was known to speak her mind and had a keen sense for politics. the bbc‘s laura trevelyan
looks back on her life. barbara bush was a commanding matriarch. only the second woman in american history to be both the wife of the president and the mother of one. she was married to the 41st occupant of the white house and raised the 43rd. born barbara pierce, she met george bush at a school dance and they married in 1945 after his service as a navy pilot in world war ii. barbara was credited with helping his political career by keeping a cardfile of everyone he ever met. it all paid off when george bush was elected first vice president to ronald reagan and then president. the office of president of the united states... barbara wore her trademark pearls at his inauguration, confiding they hid the wrinkles in her neck. it was this honesty which helped endear her to the american public. as first lady, she focused on promoting literacy, helping the most disadvantaged americans. if more people could read,
write and comprehend, we would be that much closer to solving so many of the problems that plague our nation. during the first gulf war in 1990, barbara bush spoke for the nation in calling for a speedy end to the conflict. we are all wishing for peace. we want our people home. when her son george w bush decided to run for president... i, george walker bush, do solemnly swear... ..barbara was back in the spotlight once again. after his two terms in office, she was regretting the lack of civility in public life. ijust hate it, i hate the fact that people think compromise is a dirty word. it is not a dirty word. by the time her sonjeb made his unsuccessful run for president in 2016, barbara bush was a national icon. vote forjeb. oh, yes. barbara bush was smart, tough and often plain—spoken. an influentialfigure in a political dynasty. brad bla keman worked for both the 41st and 43rd —
bush administrations. hejoins us now. what was she like when you met her on those occasions? what you see is what you got, there was no barbara bushin what you got, there was no barbara bush in front of the camera or behind the camera, she was the real deal. she cared about people. i remember a funny story i was in charge of the president visits to new york for the un general assembly and it was raining cats and dogs and i was running around but i had to join them in a motorcade to go to the un and iforgot my join them in a motorcade to go to the un and i forgot my trench coat andi the un and i forgot my trench coat and i was in the elevator, everybody was ina and i was in the elevator, everybody was in a raincoat except me, mrs bush asked me where my raincoat was andi bush asked me where my raincoat was and i said i am sorry, she said, thatis and i said i am sorry, she said, that is not very smart, you have to go that is not very smart, you have to 9° up that is not very smart, you have to go up and get it and the president andi go up and get it and the president and i will wait in the car. so the motorcade is waiting for a dumb staff sky but that is the person she
was under present chimed in and said you'd better do she said attitudes go to you did something bad and he praised when he did something good and she was a caring and compassionate, she was a central casting for first lady. tell me about their marriage, 73 years. teamwork. one operated of the other and again theirfamily is teamwork. one operated of the other and again their family is what and the nation is what they revolved around. they were a team in every sense of the word. a family, politics, a nation, a world, they tried to use their influence of the goodin tried to use their influence of the good in the world. and with barbara bush with literacy. reading and writing not just the bush with literacy. reading and writing notjust the kids but adults, too, to lift a nation. she loved living in the white house, she kept diaries of her time there which we re kept diaries of her time there which were later turned into books and they showed the lighter side of the
formerfirst they showed the lighter side of the former first lady. there is no doubt she relished every day she was in the white house, she knew everybody, she knew the gardener, she need a florist, she made it a point to make that house truly a home and not only asa that house truly a home and not only as a home at a museum, we have thousands of americans coming by each week to tour that home and she knew how important it was but it looked and be represented for the world and for americans. cathy made the point that when they left the white house they did in extraordinary amount of work for charity raising over $1 billion for cancer, literacy and many other things. right, that is part of the bush legacy is giving back, they saw government services as an opportunity not necessarily a career, they instilled in their children and those who work in them that service beyond yourself is a necessary component of a full life.
it is no secret that barbara bush did not think much of donald trump, it wasn't just the way he did not think much of donald trump, it wasn'tjust the way he speaks about women, it is the tone, barbara and george presided over a white housein and george presided over a white house in a time there was more less bipartisan in this country, it stopped existing after left office. ido stopped existing after left office. i do not think you can blame it on donald trump, the fact is our nation has become polarised and it is not because of him, it has been evolving over time, we need to get back to the civility of the time of george and barbara bush. exactly what barbara bush would have wanted someone to say in her honour. barbara bush being remembered across the united states, flags flying at half—mast in honour of the former first lady a woman who was seen as the matriarch of the country. 70 yea rs of the matriarch of the country. 70 years of marriage, incredible.
today showed what a difference the sun makes at this time of year, it is strong so when we see its temperatures soar. they have reached 25 degrees in central london today but as we collate figures i'm sure this evening someone would have reached 26 celsius on a par with iberia, spain and the low countries. it has been a sunny and warm across parts of northern ireland and scotla nd parts of northern ireland and scotland well we have seen high teens 18 and 19 but more cloud around because of the proximity of this weather front which to this evening returns eastwards bringing a fleece bash is of rain to northern ireland in western scotland, not as much as we have seen but it tempers the amount of clear skies and sunshine we will have to start tomorrow. under clear skies, light wind in the east and mist and fog first thing. it should clear quite quickly to write, a south—easterly theme, pollen levels will be high and at this time of year the sun is
as strong as august so it is lively out there. for most of us come another warm day, warmer than today, potentially spreading northwards but more cloud in the north and west and perhaps for parts of western wales and south—west england a should burn back to the coast with onshore breezes. through friday, we lose a south—easterly flow and pick up an atla ntic south—easterly flow and pick up an atlantic influence, things will feel cool and fresh but lots of sunshine around, more mist and fog around in the morning and again for english channel coast it could come onshore at times with sea breezes but the most diverse lots of lovely sunshine to enjoy, strong sunshine even though the wind is higher and temperatures lower with a few showers in the north and west but a decent day. the high pressure with us at the moment is willing pushing its grip allowing this cold weather front, called at a coming of the atla ntic front, called at a coming of the atlantic and with it moisture and after the heat that will be released with showers. sharp showers
potentially by sunday in particular they could be heavy with thunder around and look at the dipping temperatures as we return to average for the time of year. ahead of that on sunday we could have some real warmth for london marathon runners and spectators, one of the warmest marathons so far but the risk later in the day of a heavy shower. stay tuned. this is bbc news. the headlines at 8pm. more than a hundred so called windrush cases have now been reported to the government, with theresa may saying she's "genuinely sorry" for the anxiety caused by threats of deportation. she's denied she ordered the destruction of thousands of immigrant landing cards. did the prime minister, the then home secretary signed off that decision? no, that the decision was taken in 2009 under a labour government. one man in his 90s who arrived