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tv   Newsday  BBC News  April 19, 2018 12:00am-12:31am BST

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i'm rico hizon in singapore. the headlines: president trump says maximum pressure must be maintained on north korea until it ends its nuclear programme. bearers are bright path available to north korea —— areas are bright path available to north korea when it achieves denuclearisation in a com plete achieves denuclearisation in a complete and verifiable and irreversible way. the end of the castro era in cuba. raul prepares to step down, and the next president is named. i'm kasia madera in london. also in the programme: moments of terror on board a us passengerjet, during which a female pilot is hailed a hero. and paradise lost. the philippines island of boracay is waving goodbye to tourists. good morning.
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it is 7:00am in singapore. president trump and the prime minister of japan, shinzo abe, have said that maximum pressure must be maintained on north korea until it agrees to complete nuclear disarmament. the two leaders were speaking at the president's mar—a—lago resort in florida. president trump said he was hopeful his meeting with kim jong—un would be a success, but he was prepared if things go wrong. ifi if i think that it is a meeting that is not going to be fruitful, we are not going to go. if the meeting, when i am there, is not fruitful, i
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would respectfully leave the meeting, and we will continue what we are doing, or whatever it is that will continue, but something will happen. so i like always remaining flexible, and will remain flexible here. i have gotten it to this point. president moon of south korea was very generous when he said that if it weren't for donald trump the olympics would have been a total failure. it was my involvement in the involvement of our great country that made the olympics are very successful olympics. if you look at ticket sales prior to what took place, with respect to north korea, it was going to be a big problem. and it turned out to be a very successful olympics. so we've gotten us successful olympics. so we've gotten us here, and i think we're going to be successful. but if for any reason i think we are not, we end. and this was what shinzo abe had to say about north korea. translation: the situation
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surrounding north korea, due to the decisive decision by president trump on the first ever us north korea summit is at a historic turning point. the past mistakes should never be repeated. on this point, president trump and i were in full agreement. our correspondent rupert wingfield—hayes joins us live from tokyo. the bbc‘s barbara plett usher is in florida, and shejoins me now. trump has maintained that maximum pressure will be put on north korea until they dig into —— denuclearise. that's right, and i think what we saw there on the issue of north korea, these two allies very much in lockstep, which will be a relief
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from shinzo abe. i think he got quite a strong statement from president trump that the united states was admitted to japan's defence, that the americans would not relieve or ease their sanctions or provide any concessions to north korea until they were concrete results from talks. these are things that shinzo abe wanted to nail down, andi that shinzo abe wanted to nail down, and i think he got them. and otherwise, in terms of north korea, you saw quite an effusive and prolonged statement by mr trump about the abduction of japanese citizens, that he would really raise this in the summit. and he spoke about it at some length. so again, that was for mr abe's benefit, because it is important back home. so again, the two men came out sounding like they were talking on the same page, and in that regard, mrabe said the same page, and in that regard, mr abe said that if the line was held on everything and if they could get movement on these talks, then japan might be ready to open up
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diplomatic relationships with north korea at some point. and he called the summitand korea at some point. and he called the summit and historic turning point, so he also very much supported mr trump and his move at this stage. and apart from the abduction of these japanese by the north koreans, president trump also said that negotiations are ongoing with pyongyang, and there is a good chance that they will be getting back three americans from north korea. yes, he said that they were talking about these three imprisoned americans. he mentioned otto warmbier, who was released last year u nfortu nately warmbier, who was released last year unfortunately in very poor condition and died soon afterwards, but he has made it a priority of his administration to get back those who we re administration to get back those who were imprisoned in north korea, and he sounded reasonably optimistic that it might happen. what he didn't
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say anything definitive about whether this was going to be connected directly to the talks, whether he would have to see the release before he moved forward. he didn't make that direct link on action on this and the summit being held. trade also being at the forefront of these discussions between abe and trump, and according to mrtrump he between abe and trump, and according to mr trump he wants a free and fair trade deal with the japanese, and potentially lifting these steel and aluminium tariffs. well, actually, i think that mr abe really didn't get anything on trade during these talks. he came here hoping to get an exemption from the steel tariffs. mr trump was pretty clear that he wouldn't get them right away, and then he tied them to other trade issues, basically saying i want to doa issues, basically saying i want to do a bilateral trade deal with japan, and in the course of those negotiations, then maybe we will lift the steel tariffs. and again, that was something that the japanese are not wanting to do. they much
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prefer multilateral arrangements. they are not really interested in opening bilateral trade arrangements. but he indicated they had agreed to do so. citing mr trump held a pretty tough line on trade and mrabe has held a pretty tough line on trade and mr abe has gone on with it, so he will go home empty—handed, from what i gather, from this press conference in terms of what japan was hoping to get out of this meeting involving trade. thank you very much forjoining us. our correspondent rupert wingfield—hayes joins us live from tokyo. as barbara was saying there, japan, shinzo abe talking about tpp, president trump not so keen, as always. yes, i think barbara is right on the issue of trade. we have seen right on the issue of trade. we have seen several of america's most important allies, canada, the eu and mexico, getting exemptions from the steel and aluminium tariffs, and japan is the one big, important ally
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of america that was not given an exemption from these tariffs, which we re exemption from these tariffs, which were mainly seen as being directed at china. and mr abe was certainly hoping that, in this meeting, he would get some sort of concession from his good friend donald trump. and yet he has got nothing. so on that front, on the trade front, mr abe, as barbara said, i think he is right, he is coming home with pretty much nothing. and president trump's rhetoric on trade with japan is very old—fashioned. i mean, he talks about japan exporting millions old—fashioned. i mean, he talks aboutjapan exporting millions of ca rs aboutjapan exporting millions of cars to america, which is true, and america being unable to export cars to japan because of lots of barriers, and that's just not true. there are not barriers to american ca rs there are not barriers to american cars coming intojapan, it is there are not barriers to american cars coming into japan, it isjust that american cars aren't very much liked injapan, and also japanese companies produce even more cars in america than they export to america. so this is a very old—fashioned view ofjapan, and it is one that mr trump seems to be sticking to. so
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not getting that, in terms of what shinzo abe was hoping for, but of course he had to stand there, he had to be warm about his best friend diplomatically. he did talk about the action and the understanding that president trump had about all of those japanese who were within the 70s and 80s by north korea. yes, we heard strong support forjapan's position on abductees, which is a very important issue here domestically. we also heard strong words of support forjapan's decision that sanctions should not be eased north korea at all until there are concrete steps towards denuclearisation. i think the concern here in japan denuclearisation. i think the concern here injapan is that there has been a 180 degrees turn on this policy by president trump in the last few months, without really consulting japan at all, going from tough sanctions and maybe military action to suddenly talking with north korea, pretty much without conditions. and mr abe has had to do a 180 degrees turn himself in his
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rhetoric, and he has basically tied himself to president trump and america's policy on north korea, and he is having to follow along, and it is making for some very uncomfortable, very sharp turns in rhetoric along the way. now, shinzo abe is having... he is facing a tough time back injapan. he has some of the lowest popularity ratings thus far. what is the thinking when the people back home see this meeting? what do you think that they see shinzo abe getting out of it? are they positive? no, i don't think the view here generally is that the relationship, the close relationship, with president trump is not viewed very favourably here injapan. mrtrump is not viewed very favourably here injapan. mr trump is is not viewed very favourably here injapan. mrtrump is not is not viewed very favourably here injapan. mr trump is not very popular in japan. i injapan. mr trump is not very popular injapan. i think a lot of people understand that there is a necessity to be close to america, particularly with a powerful and rising china, and with this very real threat from north korea and its missiles. we had two of those missiles. we had two of those missiles fly over the top of japan
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last year. so the necessity of the us alliance is seen by people, but mrtrump is not liked. us alliance is seen by people, but mr trump is not liked. and as you said, at home mr abe is facing street protest is over a land scandal that his wife is alleged to have been involved in. that has caused his popularity to fall. overall, i think he is in danger from not getting anything out of this relationship. i mean, he has pursued this relationship doggedly over the last 18 months, and if it is perceived that he is getting nothing out of it, then i think it can damage him. for the time being, many thanks. and we will expect loads of different lines coming in from that process. much more analysis to come and on our website. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. cu ban officials have announced a replacement for president raul castro, who is stepping down and ending six decades of rule by his family. the new leader will be the current vice president, miguel diaz—canel. raul castro will stay on as the head of the communist party, and is expected to remain
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a powerful influence. also making news today: turkey's president has announced that elections will be held injune, more than a year earlier than planned. tayyip erdogan said developments in syria and throughout the region meant his country urgently needed an executive presidency. us defence secretaryjim mattis is accusing the syrian government of delaying a visit by chemical weapons inspectors to the site of an alleged gas attack in douma. he said syria had used such delays in the past to remove evidence. the alleged attack led to us, french and british air strikes on saturday. indonesia has proposed a new law to limit cash transactions as a way of curbing corruption.
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the regulation would ban payments for anything costing over $7,000. officials say the widespread use of cash makes it harder to control money laundering, bribery and terrorist financing. air safety officials are investigating the death of an airline passenger who was killed after being almost sucked out of a plane mid—air. the southwest airlines boeing 737 was flying from new york to texas when one of its engines exploded at 32,000 feet. the blast shattered the window she was sitting next to. nick bryant has the story. imagine the relief of the passengers on board after this southwest airlines boeing 737 landed safely on the ground. they had heard the engine explode at 32,000 feet. they had seen a window smashed open by the debris. they had watched as a fellow passenger was partially sucked out
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of the cabin after the rapid depressurisation. one of the 149 people on board, marty martinez, captured the high—altitude drama. first there was an explosion, and then almost immediately the oxygen masks came down. and then, probably within a matter of ten seconds, the engine then hit a window and busted it wide open. it felt like it was freefalling, and of course everyone's freaking out, everybody‘s crying. at the controls — captain tammie jo shults, a highly experienced former top gun navy pilot. she radioed for help, showing extraordinary calm. airport, there is a hole in the side of the aircraft. passengers managed to pull the woman
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sucked out of the window back into the cabin, but she died from her injuries. she has now been identified as jennifer riordan, a bank executive from new mexico, a 42—year—old mother—of—two who had been on a business trip to new york. investigators are looking into what is the first fatal us airline accident in almost a decade. the early signs point to metal fatigue causing a fan blade to break off. even before this incident, european authorities have called for non—urgent inspections of these american and french—made engines that are a workhorse of the global aviation industry. us authorities are now likely to follow suit. this could been a catastrophic accident, and the pilot who landed this stricken aircraft is being hailed as a heroine. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. you are watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: the philippines' most popular island is waving goodbye to visitors. boracay is taking a six—month tourist break.
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means a risk for the london marathon. goodbye. the stars and stripes at half—mast outside columbine high, the school sealed off and the bodies of the dead still inside. i never thought that they would actually go through with it. some places and have already had nearly as much rain as they would normally expect in an entire year. for millions of americans, the death of richard nixon ina americans, the death of richard nixon in a new york hospital has meant conflicting emotions. a national day of mourning, next
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wednesday, sitting somehow uneasily with the abiding memories of the shame of watergate. and lift off of the space shuttle discovery with the space telescope. —— hubble space telescope. this is newsday on the bbc. welcome back everyone. i'm rico hizon in singapore. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories: president trump says a campaign of maximum pressure will continue on north korea until it agrees to complete nuclear disarmament. and cuba prepares for the end of the casto era as members of the national assembly name the next president — miguel diaz—canel. now, you may think that running an international modelling agency and then moving
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to highlighting the plight of human trafficking is quiteajump. but for katie ford, former ceo of ford models, there were all—too—many similarities. she was inspired to set up freedom for all, an organisation which helps men, women and children who were trafficked escape and start a new life — these are just a few of their stories. ididn't i didn't know this is what i was going to experience. they didn't tell me this is what you will do. he lied to me. he told me that i would bea lied to me. he told me that i would be a secretary there. but i would work ina be a secretary there. but i would work in a hotel. so when they reached there, it was not like that. isaidl reached there, it was not like that. i said i wanted to come back, and he saidl i said i wanted to come back, and he said i had to pay before it came back. i found that it was at the company they promised me. back. i found that it was at the company they promised melj back. i found that it was at the company they promised me. i told the woman i want to go back home. she was like no, you cannot go home. she told me one day if they do not work ha rd told me one day if they do not work hard i could not go back home. she would kill me there. the man gives
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telling me i can't go. unless they finished with the two year contract. sol finished with the two year contract. so i cried seriously. i cried. they insult you. they will spit on you. they will even be due. this little girl, 19, who is being raped by the employer. the wife gave a poison to drink. katie ford, who heads freedom for all, is currently in manila supporting a partner charity. she joins us live from there. good morning to you. thank you for joining us. your organisation works with partners on the ground in several countries around the world. how great is the human trafficking issue? there are 40 million people who are trafficked and in modern—day slavery today. and where, katie ford, are the biggest problems of the world? in which confidence? the biggest is india, actually, as the
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country. but that is partially because of the size of the population. and it is a problem everywhere. you are currently in manila, to speak in a forum. how serious is the problem that? well, you know, so many people travel abroad on the philippines. they travel abroad for work. and when you travel abroad for work. and when you travel abroad for work, it means that you are potentially vulnerable. and that was the part about human trafficking that i could really understand as a model agent, because we had young people who came and worked with us from all over the world. and they ended up living with us, and we protected them. and how did you protect? and how do you give these victims a new start in life? —— protect them. these victims a new start in life? -- protect them. well, but the survivors of trafficking, it depends where they are from and what they need. —— for the survivors of
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trafficking. but in many cases, as from the philippines, they need a job where they are safe. and many receive jobs that are safe. as a solution to the problem that we were experiencing — that the women were experiencing — that the women were experiencing — that the women were experiencing — was creating a recruitment business in dubai called housekeeping company. it would protect women who were domestic workers. tell me, katie ford, you are former modelling guru. have your skills in the modelling industry make a difference in your advocacy? well, you know, i understand people from all over the world. i have worked to people from all over the world who came to us. the part about the hope and dream of a better life also is something we can all understand. we know people have travelled or come to our countries
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for work. and everybody does that because they see the opportunity of a betterjob. katie ford, former ceo of ford models, and founderfor freedom for all, an organisation tackling human trafficking kite thank you forjoining us from manila. the dramatic growth of tourism in south east asia, driven by chinese travellers and low—cost airlines is imposing an intolerable strain on the most popular destinations, forcing governments to consider measures to protect them. none though has gone as far as president duterte in the philippines, who has ordered the closure of the country's most popular holiday island, boracay, for six months, starting next week. our se asia correspondent jonathan head is there, and sent this report. the island of boracay has it all: white sand, warm clear water, and balmy weather. the first tourists 50 yea rs balmy weather. the first tourists 50 years ago described a miraculously untouched beach resort. but they
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we re untouched beach resort. but they were followed by hundreds and then thousands more. today, over 2 million visit this narrow palm fringed strip of land every year. causing an unplanned building boom and traffic jams. and, causing an unplanned building boom and trafficjams. and, most worrying of all, serious pollution from inadequate sewage treatment. so president did a day has, with a characteristically dramatic response: immediate closeout. —— duterte. the island of boracay is not alone in its difficulties. across this region, beaches are being swamped by a growing tidal wave of tourists. but nowhere else has the government taken such drastic action as shutting down an entire resort island. necessary, says duterte, but devastating for people who live and work it. more than 30,000 people live on the
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island of boracay. many are migrants from other parts of the country, drawn tojobs, here. this from other parts of the country, drawn to jobs, here. this woman from other parts of the country, drawn tojobs, here. this woman is worrying how she will pay her son's student fees when the tourist leaves. but if that is the president'sjoyce, she says, there is nothing we can do. —— when the tourists leave. this man is saying that he hopes the government will give him a replacementjob to support his wife and two children. the president sent his spokesman to the island of boracay to explain how the island of boracay to explain how the six—month closure would work. can you explain why president duterte insisted on such a sudden closure of the island of boracay, giving the locals very little time to prepare, rather than the original proposalfor a six—month to prepare, rather than the original proposal for a six—month preparation period. it was the only way to do it. -- period. it was the only way to do
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it. —— period? it is a drastic action to protect the environment. the president said i will spend public money for the welfare of the local people, but he will not subsidise the rich owners. so can a six—month hibernation restore the island of boracay to its former pristine beauty? the government is promising some basic infrastructure work during the break and tougher planning rules. but there is also talk of building huge new resorts and casinos here. this will not be a return to the quiet tropical idyll of days gone by. jonathon head, bbc news, the island of boracay, the philippines. you have been watching newsday. stay with us. i have been rico hizon in singapore. and i'm kasia madera in london. from me, rico, and the entire news at ten, goodbye. haider. it has been the warmest day
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of the year so far with temperatures climbing up to 35 celsius on wednesday. —— hi there. and it was a to the in western wales. a fine sunsetin to the in western wales. a fine sunset in buena. looking at the picture today, it was good to be even warmer in the sunshine, which will be widespread as well. but at times there will be a little more in the way a cloud across western areas. that is because we have a wea k areas. that is because we have a weak weather front out west. —— a fine sunset in gwyneth. there is the strip of cloud. maybe one or two spots in the hills and western areas of scotland. ea rly—morning spots in the hills and western areas of scotland. early—morning fog patches, but that will clear trevor day. with winds coming from the south, and even hot today. temperatures will reach 27 degrees, the first time we have into the 80s in terms of prototype. —— in terms
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of fahrenheit. on friday, to developing of a western areas, with mist as well. the cloud across the west of scotland threatening some showers. but another relatively mild night. temperatures between seven and 13 degrees. more of the same on friday, with showers coming and going across the highlands of scotla nd going across the highlands of scotland and the northern isles. fresh air that working across northern ireland and northern england. the temperatures will be easing in the northern half of uk, but still warm in the south, with temperatures are prettified towards london and the south—east. all this fine weather is coming to to this high pressure. it is slipping away a little as we move through the weekend to allow a greater risk of some showers to come up from the south. they are most likely to swing up south. they are most likely to swing up ahead of a weather front that is out just to the west of the up ahead of a weather front that is outjust to the west of the british isles. some showers or thunderstorm developing across western areas of the uk. -- developing across western areas of the uk. —— thunderstorms. the best of the sunshine in scotland and eastern areas of england, where it will fill pleasantly warm, coverage
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is up to 23. the second half the weekend, we could see further showers, and we will continue to seek temperatures easing back, particularly across the north—west of the country. in fact, so they could out quite wet across the far north of england, northern ireland, and the west of scotland. one or two passing showers in the south, with temperatures continuing the trend of just using a little. a good deal fresher across the north—west. a further cool down with the weather as we look in the forecast for next week. that is your letters weather. goodbye. —— your latest. i'm kasia madera with bbc world news. our top story: donald trump and shinzo abe hold high—level talks on north korea. the two leaders agree that a campaign of maximum pressure must continue until north korea denuclearises. it comes after president trump confirms his cia director met with kim jong—un on a secret trip to pyongyang at easter. the end of the castro era in cuba.
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raul prepares to step down as the country's president. he is handing over the baton to miguel diaz—canel. and this video is trending on bbc.com. residents in victorville, california have faced a very prickly problem. their neighbourhood has been beseiged by tumbleweed. the bushes have caused chaos and forced a huge cleanup. around 150 homes were affected after strong desert winds. that's all from me now. stay with bbc world news. now on bbc news, it is time for hardtalk.
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