tv Outside Source BBC News April 19, 2018 9:00pm-10:01pm BST
hello, i'm kasia madera, this is outside source. the former director of the fbi sacked by donald trump speaks to the bbc. james comey says the president has dangerous impulses and needs to be rained in. our president calling for the imprisonment of private citizens, thatis imprisonment of private citizens, that is not ok. cuba has a new president. miguel diaz—canel begins his term in office with a message for america. translation: we will never give into pressure or threats. the changes that are necessary will continue to be decided sovereignly by cuban people. prosecutors in minnesota end their investigation into the death of prince saying there will be no criminal charges. he died after taking an opioid 50 times stronger than heroin, thinking it was something else. and a record number of women from nepal are climbing mount everest this season, we'll find out why. hello welcome to outside source.
former fbi directorjames comey has been speaking to the bbc. you'll remember he was fired by president trump almost a year ago. well he's now busy promoting the release of his new memoirs. here's some of what he had to say to the bbc‘s emily maitlis. are you convinced there are now enough sensible reasonable people around him to stop impulsive behaviour? i am not. so, you don't sleep easy at night thinking someone will contain him, the wall be an impulsive gesture or action?” will contain him, the wall be an impulsive gesture or action? i wake up impulsive gesture or action? i wake up some and then read the president is demanding the jailing of private citizens to make a silly me. so that is one of the reasons why i'm
confident the answer is there are not adequate people around him. —— occasionally, me. and we've become numb to it in the united states. our president calling for the imprisonment of private citizens, thatis imprisonment of private citizens, that is not ok. that is not normal. president trump's made his thoughts on mr comey‘s new book very clear. his latest tweet on the topic came last night: donald trump making his thoughts a very clear. katty kay gives us her analysis from washington. this is somebody with an axe to grind. he loved being director of the fbi and he is serious at the fa ct the fbi and he is serious at the fact that he was fired and he is very sad the way that he was fired. there's an element of this book that is deeply personal. we talked about
the president's physical detail to say he was more than he was, says his hands a small, he has white circles under his eyes and i think thatis circles under his eyes and i think that is coming across in these interviews and to some extent, there are some people are saying that james comey is not doing himself any favours with what is become a rather sordid personal perhaps even petty against president trump. don't go away. they gave quite an extensive interview. nacewa duffy had to say. if you were still a director of the fbi, would you be saying there is stuff i don't want to shelby us president right now because he will he get and that is too dangerous by national security? potentially. he would have to be careful about that because you have an obligation under out because you have an obligation under our constitution to make sure the president has the information that he needs. so you have to not make it as hard to answer that. you have to think about and way you would have with other presidents. james comey there. it suggesting that the way he
reacts is different or what's different with this president? it's a big thing to say. yes. honestly, i think that if an fbi director was not passing on information of a sensitive nature to the president of the united states, you can make a pretty strong case about fbi dockers that should be fired and is the his job to serve the president with the best information and best knowledge available to him. i can think of a director who knowingly holds back information. —— i cannot think of a director. it is stunning that he says i would have concerns because of the nature of this president that i would have had with the previous president that i served. president trump we know he's been retaliating and calling james comey a slimeball makes many other things. yes. there is no love lost between these two men. they are both people with very healthy egos, some have called both of them narcissist, one thing that is interesting is that they are both
leading a very partisan divide in this country. and james comey and does interviews like the one he did with emily, which some supporters here does interviews, they very firmly believe according to the focus groups i've seen that president trump is in the right and james comey is in the wrong. and that the president was right to have fired him. i'm surejames that the president was right to have fired him. i'm sure james comey supporters believe that james comey is right and we are living in the country at the moment perhaps in a western hemisphere where there are very few people left to persuade. james comey has a supporter and president trump as is. these interviews in this book are changing very many minds. fascinating insight. thank you. let's turn to cuba. cuba's has a new president. miguel diaz—canel took office earlier bringing to an end six decades of castro rule. this was the moment the leader of the national assembly welcomed the new president. applause
miguel diaz—canel was congratulated by raul castro, who'd named him as his preferred successor back in 2013. the vote in the national assembly wasn't in fact unanimous, one person voted against the appointment, 603 in favour. relations between cuba and the united states are at a low ebb currently and the new president lost no time in going on the attack. translation: cuban foreign policy will remain unchanged and we reiterate that no one will be able to wea ke n reiterate that no one will be able to weaken the revolution. nor make the cuban people yield. because cuba does not make concessions against its independence. nor will concessions against its independence. norwill we concessions against its independence. nor will we negotiate oui’ independence. nor will we negotiate our principles, we will never give into or threats. the changes that are into or threats. the changes that a re necessary into or threats. the changes that are necessary will continue to be decided sovereignly by the cuban people. the white house has
given this response... but donald trump on the other hand said this to say: not quite sure what that means. back in havana however, raul castro was full of praise for his protege. translation: throughout the years, miguel diaz—canel has demonstrated maturity, worker capacity, political sensibility and fidelity to the revolution. diaz—canel will have to decide whether to attempt a rapprochement with the united states. president trump has of course set out to tear up the deal president obama made to ease relations with the island. and the us is keeping only a handful of diplomats at its embassy here in havana after a series of mysterious ‘sonic attacks‘
made staff there sick. as well as managing that relationship the new president has his work cut out reforming the economy, as one expert explains. cubais cuba is undergoing a process of changes, economic reforms, and they are undera changes, economic reforms, and they are under a programme which is known as the guidelines for economic and social change. really miguel vladimir duthiers‘sjob social change. really miguel vladimir duthiers‘s job will be to oversee that process. —— miguel diaz—canel‘s job. oversee that process. —— miguel diaz—canel‘sjob. and oversee that process. —— miguel diaz—canel‘s job. and maintain oversee that process. —— miguel diaz—canel‘sjob. and maintain the unity of the party and the government with that process. and to hopefully see more proof on the changes in terms of raising productivity, efficiency in the standard of living. earlier i spoke to will grant in havana, and asked him if we're expecting much change. politically we are not. certainly
that was the message that came from mr diaz—canel himself and his speech. he said that he was really an extension of the cash flow model. he thanked the late fidel castro add the outgoing raul castro for everything they did for the revolution. and said that raul castro would still take the biggest decisions. nevertheless, he will be a new president in cuba. he will be a new president in cuba. he will be a president without the surname cashel and that in and of itself is significant. plus i think over time it will create a certain degree of political space for himself and wish to operate. can we expect any changes in the relationship that cuba has with the us? and has not been great so far. it is that you read it fast since there reads those heady heights of the visit to the very streets where i'm standing now.
during president obama's lash or an office. of course it's a long way from that now. under the top administration, they've chosen to roll back certain of key planks of that plan and policy. with that said, if they wanted to repress the reset button with cuba, washington could do so relatively easily. it will be a question of whether or not mr diaz—canel is open to doing that, one would think he probably would be eventually because cuba could do with the support and the trade from the united states. donald trump has mentioned the changing governments, he's an very welcoming it. yes, it was an interesting life. he said we love you but i will help her. we don't quite know what that means, we don't quite know what that means, we don't know if there's any kind of policy behind that at this stage of them i have been a throwaway line on what is a historic day here. so far,
there are certain areas which need looking at for example, us citizens now find it much harder to travel to cuba than they did during the last yea rs of cuba than they did during the last years of the obama presidency. that is one area of the cuban government under is one area of the cuban government undeer is one area of the cuban government under mr diaz—canel would probably like to normalise. there are even more pressing issues i think in the relationship of the united states for him to worry about. that is here domestically. the economy. a lot of things he needs to do to try and boost the quality of life of ordinary cubans and they will be impatient to see those lights give better analytics enterprise. this is hans asperger. the austrian paediatrician after whom aspergers syndrome is named — but some new information about him has just come to light. this study claims the doctor was an active participant in the nazi regime, and assisted hitler's "eutha nasia programme".
it alleges he sent patients to the am spiegelgrund clinic in vienna, where they were put to death. now, dr asperger was not a member of the nazi party. and up until his death in the early 1980s, he claimed he shielded his patients from the regime. here's out health reporter, charlotte gallagher, speaking earlier. i think it is left a lot of people very shot today. so he was really regarded as a hero to many people who have asperger‘s because he recognised the condition and he identified it. and his birthday every year, they hold international asperger‘s that. he presented himself as the benevolent wonderful man that actually shielded disabled children from the horrors of nazi germany. but now it's turned out he was actively collaborating with
nazis and sending disabled children to their death. this information was readily available but nobody really connected the dots. and it is part ofa connected the dots. and it is part of a wider project to find out how many doctors collaborated with nazi germany and particularly the euthanasia programme with with alfie lesbos red bit plan called operation before. and within that about 300,000 people across the third reich were murdered. —— and let's plan. some people questioned said we rename this condition was of the national autistic society in the uk have said people who have asperger‘s syndrome do like they are tainted by this. —— should not feel like they are tainted. stay with us on 0utside source. still to come: we will take a look at climbing season in nepal, mount everest is seeing a gender shift, with more women than ever before, climbing the mountain. the government says it is now looking into the case of 232 members of the so—called windrush generation,
who say they have been threatened with deportation. at a meeting tonight, labour mp david lammy, described the situation as shameful. for people who have worked, paid the taxes, paid that national insurance, and then denied nhs treatment, if you now have cancer, denied your pension that you have contributed to! told that you are not now able to! told that you are not now able to seek public funds. that you are not able to work in this country. i am afraid, as caribbean people, we are not going to forget our history! we'll just want to hear an apology. we'll just want to hear an apology. we wa nt we'll just want to hear an apology. we want reparation! —— we don't want
to just we want reparation! —— we don't want tojust here. this is 0utside source live from the bbc newsroom. 0ur lead story is: the former director of the fbi sacked by donald trump speaks to the bbc. james comey says the president has dangerous impulses and needs to be rained in. some of our other stores we are working on. bbc arabic report that international inspectors are yet to enter the syrian town of douma, to investigate the suspected chemical weapons attack. the us state department says it has credible information that russia is trying to deny and delay access. a ceremonial mace which was stolen from the nigerian senate by intruders on wednesday has been recovered. police say it was found abandoned under a road bridge in abuja. senate decisions can't be approved unless the mace is present. more on bbc hausa. and a lot of people are reading about swaziland's king
renaming his country as ‘the kingdom of eswatini'. the decision was made by king mswati, he is one of the world's few absolute monarchs. let's bring you up—to—date with the business. we start in washington, where many of the most important people in global finance are meeting. the international monetary fund's spring meetings are happening amid a climate of rising trade tensions, and despite a healthy recovery in the global economy, there's a warning not to get complacent. here's the imf‘s managing director. the actual impact on growth is not very substantial. when you measure in terms of gdp. we're talking about this in most cases. what is more important is something that is difficult to measure in the short—term, and that has to do with
the of confidence. when investors do not know under what terms they will be trading, when they don't know how to organise their supply chain, they are reluctant on investing. growth is currently being driven by more investment and then we have seen in the previous years come on more trade. so why damage those two engines that are effectively working for growth? kim gittleson is in washington. what else has been said at the imf? so here is a bit of a mystery for you. the imf and welbeck have said that the 2018 growth forecast is quite rosy and protecting global growth of 3.9%. yet the mood here is that it growth of 3.9%. yet the mood here is thatitis growth of 3.9%. yet the mood here is that it is quite gloomy. it is not just the economist are pessimists, there is average in all the dismal scientist, but rather it is because as christine said, they can see clouds on the horizon. she was talking about and that could be
displayed is that there is expected to bea displayed is that there is expected to be a significant economic impact so to be a significant economic impact so far as to be a significant economic impact so farasa to be a significant economic impact so far as a result of the tent protect tariff that we have seen announcements with united states and china. but it does lead to a uncertainty and that makes investors incredibly anxious and he delay business decisions going forward. that is just one thing the imf and the world bank have highlighted as being a particular concern for the global growth forecast going forward. they've also talked about a couple of other things, ageing populations, and income inequality and the concentration of wealth. she was asked this morning another question that i thought was pretty interesting about whether or not there are certain companies in the technology sector that my dad to be too broken up. she didn't mention facebook or amazon or google by name, but he responded to that questions he did say that she was a little concerned that there was a little concerned that there was a little bit too much power in the technology sector, she didn't think that breaking them up with the best answer. that is not something she could do personally. but she did say
that there were going to be some innovative policy responses needed to respond to some of the concerns that we see about privacy and income inequality in the concentration of power in certain sectors of the global economy. this is a meeting of the most important people in global finance! any positive news coming from there? laughter so i will say that growth made a 3.9 is one of the scene and recent years. there are a lot of things that are leading to a rosy economic outlook. we came out of the great financial crisis, economies around the world are doing better and we started to seek wages increase and one of the things that christine said that she was optimistic about was us corporate tax reform. she said for once the us had done a good thing by trying to get his corporate tax rate in line with the rest of the global economy and that is something that she saw asa and that is something that she saw as a positive light, chelsea sent in the short term there's probably nothing to worry about, just a medium to long—term that lead to some concerns on the horizon. great
to leave on a positive note. thank you, kim. no charges will be brought over the death of prince. the 57—year—old pop star died two years ago from an accidental overdose of the painkiller fentanyl, an opioid many times more powerful than heroin. prosecutors found counterfeit vicodin pills containing the drug in his home. here's prosecutor mark metz speaking in minnesota. despite the extensive efforts, law enforcement was unable to determine the source of the condiment by cadet laced with fentanyl. therefore, without probable cause, no identify suspects, the carbon county attorney office cannot file any, charges involving the death of prince. the fa ct involving the death of prince. the fact that, charges are not brought certainly does not mean that some person or persons associated with prince did not assist or enable him in obtaining the town of it vicodin.
—— the counterfeit vicodin. here's the bbc‘s aleem maqbool, from washington. there have been a lot of mystery surrounding prince's death, that has been cleared up now. we do know that he did as a result of what appears to be an accidental overdose of an opioid painkiller. fentanyl. but what prosecutors have been looking at this over the last two years as to where and why he got the drugs that killed him, they say there is no evidence to suggest that his doctor prescribed dose drugstore gave him the drugs that killed him, they still don't know where he got what was ultimately apparently a counterfeit version of the drug which is what ultimately killed him. the doctor involved, the doctor had been describing him a painkiller and the only supplement that have to be made by his doctor was that the doctor had prescribed drugs for prince in somebody else's name and
that was apparently because he had insisted on privacy, he didn't want that out there that he had been prescribed the strong painkillers. a lot else about what we thought was going on with prince has been cleared up, the fact that he was having problems with his hips after yea rs of having problems with his hips after years of very energetic performing. and that is why he had been insisting on painkillers come and thatis insisting on painkillers come and that is why he ultimately became addicted to, but what the prosecutors here say is that there will be no charges because there is no evidence that anyone they investigated gave him the painkillers, the counterfeit ones that killed him. nepalese officials say that a record number of nepalese women are climbing mount everest this spring season. mount everest defines the border between nepal and china; so it can also be climbed from the chinese side. but on the nepalese side more women than ever before are attempting the climb. bbc world service environment correspondent navin singh khadka has more detail.
some of them are doing well, and others are hard to call. it's a difficult terrain as you know. that's about 5000 metres, most of them do not come from that geographic. they are struggling and they know that as a big task with it are confident that there will ove rco m e are confident that there will overcome this and they are acclimatizing now. why this interest now from the nepalese women? what are they trying to do? this combination of things. for instance, some of them are telling me that we need to know we can do it ourselves and that we can be there, see that for ourselves and come back and tell that story. that is increasingly getting famous. that narrative. and also the fact that you go there and then you are in the same. also the
social media now, every bit whatever you do there, it is live, going out there was stopped and also, some of them are also thinking about careers. for instance, until recently, we would hear about women being mountain guides and now there are some who have this international authorisation for mountaineering guides. so that is catching on. as a combination of all those things, and then of course the young generation wa nts to then of course the young generation wants to be out and about and explore themselves. that is also there. how do the numbers compare in terms of men and women who reached the summit of everest? no linear pattern. for instance, this year we see 15 women and just five. and if you look back and 2017, it was 19 male climbers, compared to just four women. if you go back to 2008, the last record when there was ten nepalese woman up there, there were
only five male climbers. no linear thing but when i say male climbers, we have to bear in mind, not talking about the so—called strippers or the support staff. —— if you count the support staff. —— if you count the support staff, the mail climbers would be far higher. but this climbers may go for sport, hobby or just out of passion. that number is not linear. he keeps on changing. sometimes it is more women. he is in touch with the crime has a width of the best of luck. any comments you would like to make, you know where to go. for me and detained, join us for the next. goodbye. —— for me and the team. goodbye. —— for me and the team. good evening. for many parts of
england and wales, temperatures have been around five to 10 degrees above what they would be this time of the year making get the warmest april basis 1919. st james as year making get the warmest april basis 1919. stjames as parks and temperatures above 29 degrees. it's been into the 20s mid to high 20s in northern england. this looks lovely but we did have low cloud around the isle of man. that is courtesy of this weather front hair. a rather wea k this weather front hair. a rather weak affair. the clouds at the low level and still be around as we go through this evening and overnight. it does contaminate the picture a little bit. we do have the clear skies, temperatures will fall away and see seven and eight on the countryside but tonight there will bea countryside but tonight there will be a few more showers. mr cloud, so mystified potentially for the morning rush. this time of the year with take a couple hours after dea nte grey but with take a couple hours after deante grey but should clear by mid—morning. the main concern is the sea mid—morning. the main concern is the sea breeze is developing. in seven
areas, rebecca dragged some of that low cloud onshore. further north, a greater risk of showers in the scottish highlands and the islands. but a cooler day overall across much of scotland, temperatures have to the low 20s today northern ireland as well. and also the north of england. we still hold onto that peak, intense heat but with lower temperatures the sun is stilljust as strong. there is strong you be if it is out. at high son and decks tomorrow. then through friday evening into saturday morning, the mist and fog returns around, you can see the weather system sitting out in the atlantic. that is the troublemaker for the weekend. what will bring to an end the unbroken dry and sunny weather for many parts, more showers. it's already getting going in southern and western areas. like showers on saturday and the devil in the detail for the weekend but still a lot of dry and pretty warm weather, loophole 18 zurlo 20s but after lo gets closer in, the chances are the
showers will start to turn heavy as well. potential for thunder and the slow—moving downpour through saturday night and into sunday. that was affront finally starts to introduce the fresher air right across the country but will take quite late into the day in southern and eastern areas. goodbye. hello, i'm kasia madera, this is 0utside source, and these are the main stories here in the bbc newsroom. the former director of the fbi sacked by donald trump speaks to the bbc. james comey says the president has dangerous impulses and needs to be reined in. ala president calling for the imprisonment of private citizens, thatis imprisonment of private citizens, that is not ok. —— our president. cuba has a new leader. miguel diaz—canel begins his term in office with a message for america. translation: we will never give in to pressure and threats, the changes that are necessary will continue to be decided by the cuban people. every day 0utside source features bbc journalists working in over 30 languages.
your questions are always welcome. #bbcos is the hashtag. commonwealth country leaders are meeting in london — it's a grouping of 53 nations — and since 1953 queen elizabeth has been the head. though the role is not hereditary — she did take over from her father. now she has appealed to the leaders to appoint her son, prince charles, to succeed her as their head. it is my sincere wish that the commonwealth will continue to offer stability and continuity for future generations and will decide that, one day, the prince of wales will carry on the important work started by my father in 19119. this is a departure
for the queen, but appointing prince charles as the head would go a long way to answering this question posed by the guardian — can britain still shape the world post—brexit? here is how theresa may views the commonwealth. 0ver many decades, this organisation has brought together nations young and old, large and small, to celebrate our common bonds and to work to our mutual benefit. there have been difficulties, successes, controversies, but i believe wholeheartedly in the good that the commonwealth can do and, this week, as young people from our many nations gather and contribute their views, our responsibility as leaders is to ensure their voices are heard and to build a commonwealth that we can be proud
to hand on to the next generation. now, theresa may finishing on the future of the commonwealth, i turned to rob watson to find out a little more about the future of its leadership. it is not hereditary and what is really striking about it, the queen has come out and named prince charles, this is lobbying, saying it is her sincerest wish, and you don't have to be the smartest person on the planet to think she would not have said that unless she was pretty sure the heads of government would follow hurson syriza wish. incredibly hard given how much respect there is for the queen, for them to choose someone else —— would follow her in serious which will stop there are no other contenders are there? there is a suggestion
that to make it a bit less british, the commonwealth, you could have it asa the commonwealth, you could have it as a rotated leader, but it would be as a rotated leader, but it would be a bit strange. when it comes to the commonwealth, it is huge, 53 countries, 2.4 billion people with a young demographic. when people look at the commonwealth meetings they think this is a bit boring, and if you think of the commonwealth in the way in which you think about the united nations or naito or the eu, it is not a military or economic bloc, it is a group of countries, it is more like a network of nations who are tied by history, but it is an interesting block in that sense because it is so diverse, big countries and small countries. and it is spread pretty far and wide. countries and small countries. and
it is spread pretty far and widem it is spread pretty far and widem ita it is spread pretty far and widem it a trading block? as the uk exits the eu, there is a thinking that possibly be commonwealth could fill the gap. some brexiteer throw say that we could do more trade with the commonwealth —— brexiteers. 8.9% of british exports went to the commonwealth in 2016 compared with 43% for the eu. the commonwealth is not a trading bloc, but the eu is an economic unit with these common rules. the other problem about trade with the commonwealth, why trade experts are sceptical about, geography matters, much of the commonwealth is a long way, and also many of those countries, they are already covered by agreements with the eu, so this idea of there being a shangri—la out there of tonnes of
trade with these commonwealth countries is probably a bit hopeful. rob watson, there. when it comes to salacious news about donald trump, most media attention has been on stormy daniels. but the other person is karen mcdougal — she alleges that she had a 10 month affair with donald trump. she had sold her story to national enquirer for $150,000 and they own exclusive rights — but her story was never published. this man, david pecker, is ceo of the parent company — american media incorporated — and he's a friend and supporter of donald trump. well, karen mcdougal has just got out of that deal. anthony zurcer is in washington. what is the next stage of the story? karen mcdougal might go back on us
media until more details about her alleged affair with donald trump. she already had an interview where she told a lot of the story but there might be a big deal and other media events that will be somewhat ofan media events that will be somewhat of an embarrassment for donald trump —— book deal. although with this lawsuit going away, that is probably good news, because you have a requested documents, things could then be publicised, some things which donald trump doesn't want to go away. don't go away yourself. another story involving donald trump's embattled lawyer michael cohen: he dropped libel lawsuits he had filed against buzzfeed and a political research firm. anthony — why has he done this? he says this because he is distracted by other legal cases and obligations, investigations, into
him by the us government, that he doesn't now have time to pursue this, but dropping those settlements could be related to this raid that the federal government did on michael coen last week, when they raided his office and hotel room, they got these documents on his business dealings including his involvement in the karen mcdougal negotiation with the national inquiry, and so these could have ended up in the karen mcdougal lawsuit or in the hands of buzzfeed, but that is now is much easier, and in both cases you had lawyers involved, saying, is not worth pursuing these cases, let's drop them and minimise our legal exposure because anything that comes up could because anything that comes up could be embarrassing. what impact does this have on the president?m
be embarrassing. what impact does this have on the president? it is an ongoing embarrassment, distraction for the president, because he is talking about robert mueller and that investigation, that is one separate bit of exposure for the president, and the michael coen business is a different legal avenue. the investigation is personal business dealings and things he did to possibly cover up alleged affairs, this is a new headache and totally separate from robert mueller. anthony, thanks for joining us. anthony zurcer in washington there. don't forget you can get much more detail on our top stories on our website. there is full coverage on that commonwealth heads of government meeting taking place here in london, as well as all the other stories we're bringing you on the programme this evening. just head to bbc.com/news. president trump is due to meet kim jong—un byjune.
details, including a location for the summit, are still being worked out. but while those details are fuzzy, president trump had this very clear message for north korea's leader. if i think that it's a meeting that is not going to be fruitful, we're not going to go. if the meeting, when i'm there, is not fruitful, i will respectfully leave the meeting, and we'll continue what we're doing, or whatever it is that will continue, but something will happen. yesterday, we were telling you how this man, cia director, and soon to be secretary of state, mike pompeo, had made a secret trip to north korea to meet kimjong—un. we don't know much about what the two men discussed, but it's safe to assume he was gauging mr kim's willingness to negotiate. this week, meanwhile, president trump's been hosting the japanese premier at his mar—a—lago resort in florida. north korea and those talks have
been high on the agenda there. 0ur correspondent barbara plett usher reports now from palm beach. president trump emerged optimistic about prospects for a north korea settle m e nt about prospects for a north korea settlement after his meeting with the japanese president. president abe has invested a lot of what he thought was a optimistic relationship anyone did to make sure japan would not lose out if the americans sit down with pyongyang. —— and he wanted to make sure. translation: just because north korea is responding to dialogue they should be no reward, maximum
pressure should be maintained and actual implementation of concrete actions will be demanded —— there should be no reward. president trump reassured the japanese they would not be sidelined by this burst of diplomacy over north korea, they said us would look out for its priorities. but president abe needs to secure a place at the table. the location of the summit itself remains an open question. the new york times reports that it's not clear whether mr kim's fleet of soviet—era planes can fly him more than a few thousand kilometres from north korea. so what are the options? a neutral location like sweden or switzerland would be ideal. the problem is to get
there, you need a plane. the korean peninsula is an option — that would likely mean the demilitarised zone. elsewhere in asia might be the easiest compromise. it means kim jong—un wouldn't have to travel by plane and keeps president trump away from north korea. vietnam, thailand and singapore are being considered there. finally — and it's perhaps not the most obvious choice — but mongolia has offered to host to the meeting in its capital of ulan bator. so once a location has finally been decided, what should president trump say? here's some advice from experts. it is always tricky, they are used to playing this game for seven decades. when we get more details we will
bring them to you. plastic straws and cotton buds are on their way out in england. the uk government has announced plans to ban their sale over the coming year. they were inspired to act partly by scenes in the bbc documentary blue planet. here's our science correspondent victoria gill. this cheap ubiquitous throwaway material has become a visible scourge on our marine environment. the bbc series blue planet shocked viewers with scenes showing how ocean wildlife now has to share its world with this debris. and among the marine litter, single use straws and sticks, that the government says it now wants to ban. there are environmentally friendly alternatives that we can all use and of course there is more we need to do. getting rid of straws, stirrers and cotton buds is one aspect of making sure we all use less plastic. before any ban can happen, a consultation to explore alternatives and any exemptions has to be carried out which will begin
later this year, and any new measures would only apply in england. the government says this is part of a mission to protect our oceans from plastic. it's already banned plastic micro beads in personal care products and recently announced a deposit return scheme to encourage recycling of plastic bottles. in samples of mud from a uk riverbed, i saw for myself how plastic, even when it breaks down, can remain in the environment as microscopic pieces small enough to enter the food chain. and environmentalists say the government is lagging behind. the deposit return scheme just announced has been in place in many other countries for a number of years. the uk government acting for england was well behind the curve on introducing charges for plastic bags for example. it is welcome, what's happening now. but it's not ground—breaking — in fact they're playing catch up. evidence of the harm caused by plastic is still emerging but this proposal will aim to stop it being thrown away in such high volumes,
to prevent it floating into our rivers and oceans. and out of problems caused by sewage. —— and out of problems caused by sewage. —— and now to problems caused by sewage. the philippines holiday island of boracay will close next week for six—months. the government says it's been overrun by tourists. in february, president rodrigo duterte accused boracay‘s businesses of dumping sewage directly into the island's turquoise waters. he then announced he would "close boracay", describing it as "a cesspool". local residents will now have to carry identification cards and will be banned from boating and night swimming. jonathan head reports. boracay has it all... white sand, warm, clear water and balmy weather. the first tourists, 50 years ago, described a miraculously untouched beach resort.
but they were followed by hundreds and then thousands more. today, over two million visit this narrow palm fringed strip of land every year... causing an unplanned building boom and traffic jams. and, most worrying of all, serious pollution from inadequate sewage treatment. so president duterte has come up with a characteristically dramatic response — immediate closure. boracay isn't alone in its environmental difficulties. in fact, right across this region beaches, in particular, are being swamped by a growing tidal wave of tourists, but nowhere else has the government taken such drastic action as shutting down an entire resort island. necessary, says president duterte, but it has stunned the people who live and work here. more than 30,000 people live on boracay, many migrants from other parts of the country, drawn tojobs here.
this beach masseur is worrying how she will pay her son's college fees when the tourists leave. but if that's the president's choice, she said, there is nothing we can do. the president sent his spokesman, harry roque, to boracay to explain how the six—month closure would work. can you explain why president duterte insisted on such a sudden closure of boracay, given the locals have had very little time to prepare, rather than the original proposal for a six—month preparation period? so, can a six—month hibernation restore boracay to its former pristine beauty? the government is promising some basic infrastructure work during the break and tougher planning rules, but there's also talk of building huge new resorts and casinos here. this will not be a return to the quiet, tropical idyll of days gone by. some lovely images there. earlier this week zimabwe sacked 14,000 nurses for going on strike — now it's trying to hire them back. the nurses went on strike on monday demanding the payment of allowances. if they accept their jobs back, the government won't give them the higher pay they've been demanding. the government has also asked
retired nurses under the age of 70 to go back to work to help fill the gap. public wages make up 90% of all government spending so they're a big concern for this man. president emmerson mnangagwa — he's trying to reform an economy that's been in crisis for years. the striking nurses have released this statement, saying they're holding an impromptu open air clinic on friday, they're asking people to come dressed in white to show solidarity and get free medical care. this is all happening in the capital harare. shingai nyoka is there. both sides talked tough, on the one hand government has said they were giving to unreasonable wage demands and they have also said they will reward those nurses who have stayed at work by paying them the arrears they are owed back to 2010. but the
nurses representatives had given government a deadline of those they afternoon to reverse the decision to dismiss them, their deadline has passed, and they said government has caused them to ask for a postponement at least until friday. doctors are now struggling to cope with the burden of the strike. 0ne doctors are now struggling to cope with the burden of the strike. one i spoke to said nurses and midwives and student nurses are being forced to work and care for premature babies in the intensive care unit, a responsibility normally reserved for nurses. as the strike enters its fifth day it is not the government and the nurses that are the biggest losers, but the patients. and now to a new study. i want to show you this study — looking at the gender gap that exists in science. researchers analysed the numbers of men and women authors listed on more than 10 million academic papers. here are a couple of the striking numbers.
there were fewer than 45% women authors in the majority of scientific fields. but one of the worst is physics — the field only has 13% women in senior positions — that gap is predicted to take 258 years to close. to explain what is being done, here's helen briggs. its ability good way to look at the balance between men and women in science —— it's a really good way. when you publish in science you list the authors and this team in melbourne today massive —— did a massive amount of number crunching in manyjournals massive amount of number crunching in many journals over 15 massive amount of number crunching in manyjournals over 15 years and they can see the balance of men and women working in different subject areas and how that is changing over time. some areas are doing better
than others, physics is doing badly. it isa than others, physics is doing badly. it is a tough one, physics, it has a lwa ys it is a tough one, physics, it has always been very male dominated. it was a huge effort to get more women into science technology and engineering and medicine because they are underrepresented. things are moving towards a 50—50 balance, in areas like psychology and some areas of medicine, it is almost there, but other areas like physics and computer science is moving very slowly and for the first time they have looked at how long it might ta ke to have looked at how long it might take to bridge that gap to get 50—50 men and women. it is hundreds of yea rs men and women. it is hundreds of years for physics and computer science and 50 years for maths, but if you look at nursing, which is 75% women, it would take hundreds of yea rs women, it would take hundreds of years to get that at 50—50 as well.
we have got the numbers, any suggestion what we could do to alleviate the gap? they say there are practical measures, some of them are practical measures, some of them are specific to the scientific community, reforming publishing and getting more women to speak at scientific meetings, something universities are already doing, looking at diversity and rewarding universities who are doing well on this score but other things apply across the board for different industries, recognising that women tend to have more commitments outside the workplace, recognising that and their achievements, better access to pa rental leave that and their achievements, better access to parental leave and career breaks, and the solutions are out there, it has been said, but this is different to bring about change and get people to act on them. much more needs to be done, it seems. as ever, your comments are always welcome,
from me and the rest of the team, goodbye. if you haven't heard already, thursday was the warmest april day since 1949. we hit nearly 29 in london. we weren't far away from that in the north, as well, with temperatures reaching 26—27, but there is now cooler air reaching across scotland tomorrow and the north, and that gradual cooling will continue into the weekend. we will see an increasing risk of if you shop showers. —— of a view shop showers. slightly cooler to start friday morning compared with thursday morning compared with thursday morning and probably a bit more misty low cloud and even foggy weather for the misty low cloud and even foggy weatherfor the morning. that is misty low cloud and even foggy weather for the morning. that is a hazard to watch out for first thing.
it could be a bit more missed and low cloud on the southern english coastline, the chance of showers for scotland, into the highlands and islands and it will feel a bit fresher. we have low 20s in eastern scotla nd fresher. we have low 20s in eastern scotland and so a bit down on that but the heat remains in southern and eastern areas and there is the out side risk of a heavy shower, but that should fade away. into saturday, a bit more mist and fog, starting to see those changes is the low pressure begins to advancing the atlantic. we lose the southerly winds bringing the warmth, but still it takes its time. we have the warmth on saturday in central and eastern areas but more cloud will break out. heavier showers could break out. heavier showers could break out. heavier showers could break out late in the day further
east, heavy and thundery. temperatures have fallen away and that process continues on sunday. it could be very warm for the london marathon but there is a risk of showers. as the low pressure gets closer to the north west of scotland, spells of rain get longer, and just look at the temperatures, the warmth just about hanging on. into the start of the new week the westerly wind is still with us. it will feel cooler by day and indeed by night, but the sunshine is still strong. it would bejust by night, but the sunshine is still strong. it would be just as strong on monday but they will be more showers around, temperatures will be back down to average. that is what we should see for this time of the year. another showery day on tuesday, the closer you are to the area of low pressure, he showers will be more potent, slow—moving, as
well, but at times the winds will be fairly brisk. slight north westerly wind tuesday into wednesday, and then the return of high pressure by then the return of high pressure by the end of the week potentially. we get to the southern side of the fast moving air in the upper atmosphere and that could potentially mean we bring in some warmer air into the next weekend but it is a long way off. until then it looks cooler and breezy and showery through much of next week. we will keep you posted. tonight at ten — the queen tells dozens of world leaders that she'd like prince charles to succeed her, one day, as head of the commonwealth. her majesty was welcoming commonwealth heads of government to buckingham palace for their biennial conference as she looked to the future of the organisation after her reign. it is my sincere wish that the commonwealth will continue to offer stability and continuity forfuture generations, and will decide that one day
the prince of wales should carry on the important work started by my father in 1949. leaders of the 53 commonwealth countries and territories have been attending a formal dinner at buckingham palace tonight. we'll have the latest on the summit, which is happening amid intense controversy about the government's mistreatment of caribbean migrants. also tonight. the bank of england says people should prepare for a "few interest