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tv   BBC News  BBC News  April 29, 2018 2:00am-2:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is nkem ifejika. our top stories: president trump confirms negotiations to set up his meeting with kimjong—un are under way — the talks could take place in may. and we are doing things that are good, we will have a meeting of the next three or four weeks, a very important meeting. the denuclearisation of the korean peninsula, of north korea, denuke, denuke. tens of thousands return to the streets in spain after a court acquits five men of raping a teenager — convicting them of sexual abuse instead more mass demonstrations in armenia. the ruling party says it won't put forward a candidate for a new prime minister, to try to ease the crisis. saving the tasmanian devil. we'll hear from researchers who've found a family of marsupials free of a disease threatening their extinction. president trump says a meeting
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with north korea could happen over the next three to four weeks. earlier he'd tweeted that he'd had a long and very good phone conversation with the south korean president moonjae—in, following the ground—breaking summit between the leaders of the two koreas. at a rally in michigan, mr trump told his supporters about the role he played in making friday's historic summit come about. it started with the olympics, because, frankly, the olympics was not going to have a lot of people, and all of a sudden north korea called in and said, "you know, we'd love to participate in the olympics." everybody said, "excuse me?!"
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but that was a good thing, it was a great thing. and they went from having a real potential disaster. you know, they worked on it for 15 years to make it great, and they did a greatjob, south korea did a greatjob. they didn't have people. who was going to go? all of a sudden they had a tremendous olympics, very, very successful. we are doing things that are very good. we will have a meeting of the next three orfour weeks. very important meeting. the denuclearisation of the korean peninsula, of north korea, denuke, denuke. but we will see how it goes. and again, whatever happens happens. i may go in, it may not work out, i leave. well, with north korea apparently prepared to co—operate over denuclearisation, the international focus could now shift to iran. president trump has said that unless european allies fix the "terrible flaws" in the iran nuclear deal by may 12, he will refuse to extend us
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sanctions relief for oil—producing iran. reacting to mr trump's comments while in moscow, the iranian foreign minister accused america of breaching its obligations on the nuclear deal. translation: there is a resolution of the un security council in respect to the iran nuclear deal. the us government was one of the masterminds of that resolution and it has an obligation to implement the deal. but mr trump has been breaching that obligation. and today he is setting forward new disproportionate requirements that are unacceptable for the people of iran and other members of the joint comprehensive plan of action. but the united states is urging not only its european allies but also others to impose sanctions on iran to curb its missile programme. the new american secretary of state, who's on his first overseas tour of the middle east, has arrived in saudi arabia. it is expected that iran's missile programme would be a major topic
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in talks on sunday between pompeo and leaders from saudi arabia and israel. ambassadorjames jeffrey is a distinguished fellow at the washington institute, where he focuses on us strategies to counter iran's efforts to expand its influence in the broader middle east. he was also deputy national security advisor in the george w bush administration. thank you forjoining us, ambassador. first things first with regard to north korea. is the president right to be so optimistic? so far so good. most important thing is we have frozen sanctions on north korea after in posing, with china's help, very tough economic sanctions that really had an impact, while north korea has frozen its icbm missile programme that could strike america and change the entire situation in korea. a difficult
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situation in korea. a difficult situation has been averted. we seem to be working towards, as donald trump said, denuclearisation. that would be an extraordinary thing. for oui’ would be an extraordinary thing. for our viewers, icbm is in continental ballistic missiles. should they be meeting at this stage? absolutely. president moon of south korea meet it with him on the dmz. they had a productive meeting. i think under these circumstances, first of all we are averting a possible war because of the danger of the missiles they we re of the danger of the missiles they were creating and there is a real opportunity because people take a donald trump's threats seriously that we can make progress. so do you think it was the erratic behaviour of president trump that brought the north koreans to the table? of president trump that brought the north koreans to the table7m of president trump that brought the north koreans to the table? it is ha rd to north koreans to the table? it is hard to say whether it is erratic oi’... hard to say whether it is erratic or... enlightened. it was certainly effective. 0k. let us talk about
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iran. do you think the preston will have as much success with iran as he has had so far with north korea? can he convince allies in the west to abandon the deal or amend it? just like with north korea, there is a military component, a diplomatic component, and a sanctions economic component, and a sanctions economic component, the same as with iran. he has worked with the europeans to try to toughen the terms of the iran nuclear agreement, while at the same time he has his new secretary of state, mike pompeo, will working first with the turks up at nato and then with the saudis and jordanians and israelis to do exactly what president macron urged him to do this week and stop help to stop iran's much through the region. that is even a bigger threat than iran's missiles and nuclear programme. that is what donald trump is focusing on right now. it seems because of mike
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pompeo meeting leaders in the middle east. come may 12, what is your assessment, will president trump stick with the deal or will the scrap at? scrapping it could be very significant. sanglah that would be significant. sanglah that would be significant to. my personal position is we should stay with it and try to toughen the terms along the terms of president macron and with a bit of hesitation, the germans and the british are willing to do. i don't know, because president trump is a poker player. it certainly isn't going to indicate he will let up in the last moment, because he was to get the best deal possible from the british, gems, and fresh, bisley. funnily enough that is a description i have not had before. president trump isa i have not had before. president trump is a poker player. that is ambassadorjames jeffrey joining of that. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. huge crowds have taken to the streets of yemen's capital sanaa, for the funeral of the houthi rebels' top political leader. saleh al—samad was killed
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earlier this month in a saudi—led—coalition airstrike on sanaa, which is controlled by the houthis. hundreds of people have welcomed the former president of malawi, joyce banda, on her return home after four years of self—imposed exile. it's not clear whether ms banda plans to engage in politics. she fled malawi when she lost power following a massive corruption scandal. thousands of people have returned to the streets of the northern spanish city of pamplona to continue protesting, after a court acquitted five men of raping a teenager at the annual bull—running festival. the men were convicted of sexual abuse instead. it's the third straight day of demonstrations. sophie long reports. tens of thousands of people — one message. it's not sexual abuse, it's rape. this is the third day people have filled the streets of pamplona and other cities across spain after a court acquitted five men gang rape. their 18—year—old victim had been at pamplona's bull running festival
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when they surrounded her and made her have sex with them. they used smartphones to film it and brag about it. calling themselves la manada, or "the pack". but this court acquitted them of rape and found them guilty of the lesser offence of sexual abuse. jailing them for nine years. that, say these women, is not justice. translation: we believe this sentence is intolerable, justice blames us and justice doesn't protect us. translation: all we want is that when we go out at night not to feel fear. we feel it constantly, and this is so horrible and so unfair. the ruling has led to an outpouring of support for the victim, and mass protests about what's being seen as patriarchaljustice. the government says it will review the legal code on rape. translation: the government wants to emphasise it has always been with the victims.
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it was for that reason that our first agreement of this legislature was the agreement against gender violence. we're still fighting to defeat the scourge of society. an online petition calling for the disqualification of the judges who acquitted the men has gathered more than 1.2 million signatures. state prosecutors say they'll appeal the ruling. sophie long, bbc news. armenia's political turmoil continues, with three days to go until the country's parliament is due to choose a new prime minister. it follows the resignation on monday of serzh sargsyan, after weeks of street protests against official corruption. armenia's ruling party says it won't nominate a new candidate for prime minister in an effort to ease tensions. the country's protest leader is rallying support for his own bid to become pm instead. janey mitchell reports. he describes himself
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as the people's choice. opposition leader nikol pashinyan canvassing support and calling for the demonstrations against the country's ruling elite to continue. translation: power belongs to the people in the republic of armenia. the people are the masters of their country. he says the only way out of the current crisis is for him to be elected prime minister next week. on the ist of may at 8:00am we will take to the streets, we will fill the streets and squares of yerevan. the mass protests have been peaceful so far. in a bbc interview, the country's president praised the people's democratic will. armenia has shown an example that shows that society exists and that people are courageous and proud to express their opinion. that is a fantastic achievement for a country that has decided to go towards the path of democracy. the ruling republican party has
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an acting prime minister in place, but it is now says it will not put up its own candidate on tuesday. it has not indicated who it will back. and it still holds a majority of seats in parliament. intensive talks are reported to be under way behind the scenes to try to defuse the turmoil. all sides will be keen to avoid a worsening of the crisis in the volatile south caucasus region, and in a country traditionally allied with moscow. around 4000 people have fled renewed fighting in northern myanmar, where the burmese military is reported to be pounding ethnic kachin rebels with airstrikes and artillery. the united nations says thousands more civilians are trapped by the violence. myanmar human rights expert, david baulk, from the group fortify rights, told us more about this long—standing conflict. the conflict between the myanmar in military
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and the kachin independence army is one of the longest running in the world, it has been raging for more than 60 years. in essence, what the conflict is about, is the kachin ethnic minority population demanding a federal myanmar in which their minority and other ethnic minorities in the country have a substantive say about how the country is run and how it is governed. and the myanmar military have consistently refused to listen to the demands of the kachin and other ethnic minority populations in the country. and that is a big part of the reason why we have seen as uptick in violence in recent months. there is a common denominator between the conflicts in northern myanmar and kachin state and the conflict in shan state further south and the atrocities we have seen meted out against the rohingya muslim
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population in the west of myanmar. that, denominator is the myanmar military. it is the same personnel who are killing, torturing, perpetrating sexual violence, and forcibly displacing thousands of people across the country. although the conflicts in myanmar are long and each have independent histories, the common denominator is the myanmar military. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: not the real thing — the french art museum that's discovered half of its exhibits are fake. nothing, it seems, was too big to withstand the force of the tornado. the extent of the devastation will lead to renewed calls for government help to build better housing. internationally, there have already been protests. sweden says it received no warning of the accident. indeed, the russians at first denied anything had gone wrong. it was only when radioactive levels started to increase outside russia
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were they forced to admit the accident. for the mujahideen, the mood here is of great celebration. this is the end of a 12—year war for them. they have taken the capital, which they have fighting for for so long. it was seven o'clock in the morning on the day when power began to pass from the minority to the majority, when africa, after 300 years, reclaimed its last white colony. this is bbc news. the top story: donald trump says he's planning to meet kimjong—un in the next three to four weeks. singapore and mongolia are reported to be possible venues. scientists working to save
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the tasmanian devilfrom extinction have discovered a healthy population of the animals in the remote south—west area of tasmania. more than 80% of the carnivorous marsupials have been wiped out in the past 20 years by the deadly devil facial tumour disease. joining me now is dr samantha fox, the team leader of the save the tasmanian devil programme. she's also a biologist with toledo zoo in ohio, but she joins us now from hobart in tasmania. so is the dr fox. how significant is this? significant. the species only occu i’s this? significant. the species only occu f5 on this? significant. the species only occurs on the small island of tasmania the bottom of australia. as you mentioned, 80% of the species has been wiped out by a cancer which is contagious. so for us to find a small, isolated population that is
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disease free is significant. do you think these help the animals you have found our disease—free because they have not come into contact with others that had the disease, or do they have some kind of resistance? we are they have some kind of resistance? we a re pretty they have some kind of resistance? we are pretty sure it is because this particular area in tasmania is very wrong moped and isolated. so they are on the coast down in the south—west national park of tasmania. it is surrounded by extremely high and rugged mountains, and also at a habitat that is not suitable for devils. there is an area they won't cross, making it isolated from other populations. what do you do with this information that you have too encouraged these animals to grow a bit more? do you keep them isolated? what do you do next? we don't actually need to do anything to keep isolated. i think they have done that well themselves.
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but the information for us is important in that we are looking to see whether the fact that they are so see whether the fact that they are so isolated might mean that they are genetically quite distinct from other devils on tasmania. devils in general are quite genetically non— diverse. so we're hoping that the fa ct diverse. so we're hoping that the fact that they are so isolated means that they could be genetically different from other animals. for us this could mean improving the genetic diversity of other devils in parts of tasmania, which can hopefully, with breeding these genetics into other populations, it gives me better chance of dealing with the disease in future challenges. do you like these animals? what kind of animals are they? i have worked with devils for ten yea rs they? i have worked with devils for ten years now. they have incredible personalities. they are not at all like the tasmanian government from disney cartoons. they are quite shy.
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they are one of the easiest animals to handle, which you might not think would be the case. but they are quite aggressive with each other. but with people, they generallyjust sit there quietly and happy for you to do what you are doing so that they can leave. interesting considering they are called devils. thank you for that, dr fox. i also like the stingray necklace you have there. a museum in southern france dedicated to the art of the painter etienne terrus has discovered that many of its canvasses are forgeries. a close examination carried out during renovation works revealed that dozens of them had not in fact been painted by the artist. it's estimated the cost of the forgeries amounts to almost $200,000. the bbc‘s tim allman reports. etienne terrus was a relatively obscure artist. a friend of henri matisse, he specialised in the use of light and colour. he studied in paris but spent most of his life and career in the pyrenees, where this
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museum displays his work — or at least they thought they did. translation: we have appointed a commission of experts which has shown that the vast majority of the paintings that we have at the museum are fakes. the exact figure was 82. at least half of the entire collection. paintings, drawings, and watercolours bought over a period of 20 years. the fact that they were fake? well, there were clues. translation: you see this tower? in the background is a building that was added in 1958. terrus died in 1922. there were several types of fake in the museum and other pieces made to look like his work. the local mayor has apologised to anyone who visited the museum in good faith.
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an investigation is now under way and there are question marks over the work of other regional artists. it may not be just the paintings of etienne terrus that aren't the real thing. tim allman, bbc news. 25 years ago, after months of secret negotiations, a peace agreement was signed between israel and the palestinians. norway was instrumental in the negotiations leading up to the historic handshake between the israeli and palestinian leaders on the lawn of the white house in 1993. as part of the crossing divides season, the bbc‘s witness programme hears from mona juul, norway's ambassador to the uk, who was part of the team that planned and orchestrated top—secret meetings that culminated in the signing of the oslo accords. a once unthinkable moment had arrived, and two of the world's bitterest enemies had become allies. it was something very, very special.
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very emotional. we were completely exhausted. so it was, you know, all of us having been involved, working day and night for almost a year. a husband and wife team succeeded in unlocking the israel—palestinian impasse, working away from the media circus of the united states. the fact that we could then offer them to come to peaceful norway, far away from the conflict — we told them we can facilitate secrecy, which was an absolute, absolute condition for them. and they relaxed in our company. nobody sitting there and making judgement, "no, you should do this, and you should — no, no, this is not possible..." we left it 100% up to them. in the tranquil setting of the norwegian fjords, for the past nine months,
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a secret channel forged the way to peace. the israel and the palestinian chief negotiators sort of hit it off extremely well, and between the two of them — and i think amongst all of them involved — there was so much talk about sort of their families, their upbringing... and it turned out that both the two negotiators had daughters called mia. there were so many times that they felt that this was not going anywhere. like i think it is in most negotiations. it's a rollercoaster. it goes ups and downs. don't make it make like a husband and a wife... humour played an important part in these negotiations. suddenly they came out and said "this is over —
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we can't do it." "very sorry, you did a lot of good work," they told me, "but this is impossible." and i thought "oh my god, what?" and everything sort of... and suddenly they sort of burst out in laughter and said "joking!" "we have a deal!" it humanised the whole conflict. by august 19, when shimon peres arrived in oslo for a prearranged official visit, the deal was virtually done. any peace agreement is a compromise. i feel really privileged to have been able to watch truly arch enemies come together with a little help from us. i want to express my congratulations
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and praise for the courage and vision shown by the israeli and palestinian leadership and the crucial role of norway. we have to remember that this was sort of life and death for them. but in order to do that, you have to have strong leadership, and i still maintain that you had that on both sides at the time. in oslo, private celebrations for the couple who helped bring about today's historic middle east accord. i am a true believer in passionate diplomacy. it is never wrong to bring people together. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter, i'm @nkem|fejika. thanks for watching. goodbye. hello there.
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yesterday we had a lot of cloud in the sky across much of england, thick enough to bring some rain as well. further north—west, showers developed through the day, but that cloud has been melting away as well. some passing showers in scotland, but a fine looking sunset here in oban. as the skies have cleared more over recent hours we have more pictures of the full moon being sent to us, spectacular shots from people out and about under those clear skies. clear skies, yes, but a chilly start to the day. for the early risers, frost patches to look out for in the rural areas of scotland. not quite so cold further south under this zone of thick cloud. most areas of cloud could be thick enough to give us a few spots of light rain on and off through the day. the best of the early morning sunshine again through western areas, but slow—moving showers will form again, particularly in northern ireland. later in the day we will see a band of rain moving
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in from the continent, bringing some wet weather to end the day across south—east england, with strengthening winds here making it feel particularly chilly. that wet weather will continue to extend across south—east england and east anglia as we go on through sunday night. on into monday. we are going to get this area of low pressure moving up from the near continent. the rain gets more extensive and the winds get colder and stronger. this is what is in the forecast on monday. heavy rain, a windy day with gales around the east coast, and it's going to feel cold, more like a february day than one in late april. so the wet weather is there. a bit of uncertainty as to how far west this band of rain will reach. there is the chance of seeing a few snowflakes mixed in with this and some sleet, mostly on high ground, above 200 metres of elevation. even that won't settle. it's mostly cold rain that will be falling, with those chilly winds.
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temperatures really struggling. highs in birmingham, five celsius. it is going to feel that cold. on into tuesday, that area of low pressure continues to feed cloud and bits of pieces of rain across eastern areas. another weather front moving in from the atlantic, bringing wet weather to northern ireland later in the day. in between these two systems the weather should be quite quiet on tuesday with some sunshine around. chilly where it is cloudy with the rain moving in, and in the best of the sunshine, temperatures climbing at least up into double figures fairly widely. looking at the outlook over the next few days and the week ahead, you will be pleased to hear once we have got rid of that chilly weather and the rain to start the week, the weather should improve. highs of 19 in london as we head towards next weekend. this is bbc news, the headlines: us president donald trump has spoken to the south korean president moonjae—in, following mr moon's summit with the north korean leader, kim jong—un. president trump says this meeting
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could happen in the next 3—4 weeks. us media say singapore and mongolia are being considered as possible venues. more than 30,000 people in the spanish city of pamplona have protested against the conviction of a group of men for sexual abuse rather than rape. it's been the third day of demonstrations. protesters say the verdict is too lenient, and sets a dangerous precedent for gang—rape cases. there have been more mass demonstrations against corruption in armenia, with the protest leader rallying support for his bid to become prime minister. the parliament is due to choose a new prime minister on tuesday. the ruling party says it won't nominate a candidate in an effort to ease tensions. now on bbc news, dateline london.
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