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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  April 30, 2018 9:00pm-10:01pm BST

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. israel's prime minister reveals what he says is "new and conclusive proof" that iran had a secret nuclear weapons programme. incriminating presentations, incriminating blueprints, incriminating blueprints, incriminating photos, incriminating videos and more. the iranians are saying that is all propaganda aimed at donald trump. the fate of a caravan of migrants seeking asylum in the us remains unknown, as dozens are stopped by authorities at the mexico border. militant attacks in afghanistan target the intelligence service and nato — and journalists, the deadliest day for journalists in the and journalists, the deadliest day forjournalists in the country since the taliban fell in 2001. and a huge new project aimed at understanding
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what is happening to another largest glaziers in the world and how quickly it is melting. —— one of the largest glaciers in the world. israeli prime minister benjamin neta nyahu has just given a presentation on prime time television laying out his claims that iran had a secret nuclear weapons programme. these were some of the 55,000 pages of material he says iran holds — in what he called iran's atomic archive — you can see it here in the powerpoint and he said the project of the —— with the explicit goal remains nuclear weapons and remains even since the 2015 deal with global
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powers on iran's nuclear programmes. more of the slides we saw, he says iran is continually expanding its range of its nuclear capable na celles. range of its nuclear capable nacelles. here are some of the presentation, towards the end, where benjamin netanyahu draw some conclusions. iran lied about never having a weapons programme. 100,000 secret files prove that they live. second, even after the deal, iran continue to preserve and expand its nuclear weapons know—how for future use. why would a terrorist regime hide and particularly catalogued it secret nuclear files if not to use them at a later date? third, iran lied again in 2015 when it didn't come clean to the iaea as required by the nuclear deal. and, finally, the iran deal,
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the nuclear deal, is based on lies. it is based on a rainy and lies and iranians deception. —— iranians lies. 100,000 files right here proved that they lied. surprisingly, the iranians have not taken long to dismiss this. here's the reaction from iran's foreign minister. that is a reference to benjamin netanyahu that is a reference to benjamin neta nyahu and the that is a reference to benjamin netanyahu and the iranians' believe of things he says to be true. to understand what we can take from mr netanyahu's presentation, donald trump will decide whether
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america will continue to iraq to fight the iran nuclear deal, we heard from the president earlier —— continue the >> studio: we will see what happens, i won't tell you what i'm doing, but many people think they know. we will make a decision before the 12, but that doesn't mean we will not negotiate a new deal. the israelis know this is the time to apply pressure on the trump administration. benjamin netanyahu
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trump administration. benjamin neta nyahu has opposed trump administration. benjamin netanyahu has opposed the nuclear deal ever since it was created, and it has been music to his is to hear donald trump saying it was a terrible deal, something benjamin netanyahu terrible deal, something benjamin neta nyahu had always terrible deal, something benjamin netanyahu had always said. so we come to a crunch moment where donald trump will decide whether to withdraw the us on the agreement, to reimpose nuclear sanctions on iran, and clearly the israelis and benjamin netanyahu want that to happen but there has been a war of lobbying going on because the european leaders were at the white house last week, trying to keep this agreement live, at least as far as american involvement was concerned. it was just a few seconds but mr trump said he had not ruled out renegotiation and that is the road the europeans want to go down. maybe netanyahu the europeans want to go down. maybe neta nyahu will accept that. the europeans want to go down. maybe netanyahu will accept that. he has
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said the deal should be scrapped, but maybe there is a window of opportunity for the europeans who are hoping it willjust be renegotiated. we have some analysis, this is from an israeli journalist. this is a britishjournalist this is from an israeli journalist. this is a british journalist with al jazeera. we can bring in our next guest who is from a nonprofit think tank, live from california, what will your thoughts on the presentation? —— were. there needs to be further investigation of these documents from the prime minister but it is not clear that they released that much that is new here, and it no
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secret that the iranians had cheated in the past and the entire purpose of the deal was to curb their nuclear activity, and i'm not sure that this will change minds on either side to any great extent. if the insinuation from president trump earlier and also during the presentation from benjamin netanyahu was they were notjust doing this back then but have retained some of that knowledge and are looking to still make the most of it.|j that knowledge and are looking to still make the most of it. i think that will be the key issue, is there really a ny that will be the key issue, is there really any significant evidence in these documents that iran has cheated since the 2015 agreement. having know—how is not part of the agreement, that is hard to destroy, even military action cannot destroy scientific know—how, so according to international arms inspectors, according to high—level us government officials, iran has not cheated, it is in compliance with this agreement, so i think the question will be is there any concrete evidence that there has
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been any cheating after 2015, that is the relevant question. it is intriguing to see how president trump is organising his work towards this deadline, with macron coming to town and making his pitch, benjamin netanyahu going on tv and making his. it is almost all of the powers in the world having to make their play to mr trump. absolutely, there isa play to mr trump. absolutely, there is a competition for the president and his attention on this issue... the europeans want to keep this willingness to build on it while the prime minister of israel has made no secret of his dislike of this agreement. i think it's also important to think about the broader context, building escalation between israel and iran context, building escalation between israeland iran in context, building escalation between israel and iran in syria, so this could be an attack by the prime minister to also influenced the trump organisation in terms of his actions in pushing back iran in syria. i don't think they were too thrilled with the limited nature of the us strikes just recently, so i think the broader picture in syria
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is also important to keep in mind in light of this speech today. dalia dassa kaye, thank you very much. and there she was alluded to, we have a situation in syria where what might have been an israeli missile strike or series of missile strikes what they have been an iranian military position inside of syria. we can't confirm either the side of that story but a number of analysts are suggesting that is what it is. we will get into detail on that later in the programme. we must now turn to the grim day in afghanistan. almost a0 people were killed in bomb attacks in kabul and in kandahar. and our colleague, the bbc journalist ahmad shah, was shot dead in khost in the east. the attacks in kabul involved two suicide bombings and has been suicide bombings and have both been claimed by the islamic state group. these pictures show the aftermath.
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the attacker rode a motorbike close to the hq of the afghan intelligence services. the second, minutes later, killed nine afghan journalists who'd gathered to report the first attack. 0ne head of a tv station told us what happened. aon a on foot, who was reportedly had a camera in his hand, he approached journalists and that is where he detonated his explosives device and that was such a deliberate attack against journalists. this was the deadliest day forjournalists in afghanistan since the fall of the taliban in 2001. among those was died was shah marai, who the chief photographer in kabul for the french news agency afp. he's covered his country for 22 years, taking photos like this — he's covered this country for 22 years, taking photos like this — afghan children flying their kites over kabul. and this, a man digging a grave for a victim in a previous attack on a voter registration centre just last week. one of his afp colleagues
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in paris paid this tribute. he was such a joyful man, he was a vetera n he was such a joyful man, he was a veteran journalist, he was he was such a joyful man, he was a veteranjournalist, he was kind of a godfather of young journalists in the office, so it is really the main pillar of our office that we lost today, so he was an incredible guard, father of six children. he has been everywhere in the country, working in great danger all the time but always responsible. it was in khost province that a bbc journalist was killed. ahmad shah was a reporter for the bbc afghan service. he was shot in an area that is usually considered safe. jamie angus is the head of the bbc world service. i think everyone at the bbc today is thinking about ahmad shah's family, of course, and his close friends and
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collea g u es of course, and his close friends and colleagues at our bbc news afghan services, both in cabo, khost and london —— kabul. i was with collea g u es london —— kabul. i was with colleagues from the bbc afghan services this afternoon, talking to them quietly about him, his life, his work, what he was interested in. we were looking at his list of stories and you could see as a young journalist, he was on 29, he was interested in wide—ranging coverage, the environment, women's rights, public health, not just the environment, women's rights, public health, notjust security the environment, women's rights, public health, not just security and politics. he was a thoughtful and wide—ranging young journalist and it is very sad to have lost him in this way. he will be greatly missed. and then in kandahar province in the south, 11 children died in another suicide bombing. it's thought the target was a nato convoy — but it was children studying at a nearby religious school who were hit. and this bloody day is evidence that the so—called fighting season is here. this is when the weather improves and militants are able to operate with greater freedom. it's also evidence that the government continues
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to struggle to impose itself on both the taliban and is. on this, the afghan ambassador in london spoke earlier. swa i nston swainston territory in afghanistan remain outside of government control —— swathes of territory. starting a peace negotiation and peace starting a peace negotiation and pea ce processes starting a peace negotiation and peace processes not like this which you can turn on and off, it is a long process and throughout this process , long process and throughout this process, there will be increased pressure, military, by ourforces and also there will be attacks by the taliban, so in the long run, it will not impact, actually, the aim of finding will not impact, actually, the aim offinding a will not impact, actually, the aim of finding a peaceful resolution but in the short term, the anger of the people, the frustration of the people, the frustration of the people, weakened, the national consensus on going forward and trying to reach out and get a peace settle m e nt trying to reach out and get a peace settlement with the taliban. inafew in a few minutes, we are going to turn into —— to a potential huge
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merger between t—mobile and sprint, the third and fourth largest telecom companies in the us. we will speak to kim about that. here in the uk, the government has been defeated in the house of lords ona been defeated in the house of lords on a central plank of its brexit strategy. peers voted for an amendment to the eu withdrawal bill that would give mps a vote on how to proceed if there is no final agreement on brexit — which could include sending the government back to the negotiating table. the amendment has yet to be approved in the house of commons. the brexit minister steve baker says he's less than impressed. well, we are disappointed that the house of lords has chosen to vote for this amendment, despite the assurances that we've given. what this does is hand unprecedented constitutional powers to parliament to direct the government in these negotiations and to direct them to do anything, even keeping the uk in
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the eu indefinitely, so we believe that scrutiny is important and that's why we've committed to a system of votes on the deal through the constitutional approval ratification process and on the withdrawal agreement and implementation bill, so we are very disappointed. this is 0utside source live from the bbc newsroom. the israeli prime minister says he has new and conclusive proof that iran had a secret nuclear weapons programme. iran has dismissed the whole presentation as propaganda. let's turn to some of the main stories from bbc world service. iran has banned the telegram instant messaging apps. several days ago, iran banned government bodies from doing it and says it will release back at delete release its own app for officials to use. the former
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german chancellor gerard schroeder is being sued by the ex—husband of its south korean fiance. the ex—husband is claiming gerard schroeder had an affair with his wife and it led to their divorce and here is a fact for you i didn't realise until today, in south korea, extramarital affairs were a criminal offence until 2015. on sunday night, amber rudd resigned as the uk's home secretary. today, sajid javid took over. important for a range of reasons. mrjavid is the first person from an ethnic minority to head one of the major uk ministries. and it changes the nature of the windrush scandal, that's seen british residents from the caribbean who've lived in the uk for decades being threatened with deportation. last week, amber rudd told a parliamentary committee that the home office did not operate deportation targets. on sunday, the guardian published a letterfrom amber rudd to the prime minister in which she promised an "ambitious but deliverable" deportation target.
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and in her resignation later, ms rudd acknowledged that she'd "inadvertently misled the home affairs select committee." sajid javid is the son of a pakistani bus driver who arrived in britain in 1961. today, rudd sent her congratulations to javid, on an "outstanding debut in the house of commons today." here he is speaking earlier. when i heard that people who are long—standing pillars of their community were being impacted for simply not having the right documents to prove their legal status in the uk, i thought that it could be my mum, my brother, my uncle or even me. nor is it the work of overzealous home office officials. in fact,
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of overzealous home office officials. infact, it of overzealous home office officials. in fact, it is the direct result of the unrealistic net migration target set by the prime minister when she was home secretary and the hostile environment created on her watch. first of all, when i was home secretary, yes, there were targets in terms of removing people from the country who were here illegally. this is important. i think if you look, talk to members of the public, they want to ensure that we are dealing with people who are here illegally. amber rudd has been the human shield of theresa may and she has now gone, theresa may now has questions to answer, and so from the liaison committee or whatever else —— from the liaison committee or whatever else — — wherever else from the liaison committee or whatever else —— wherever else those questions are raised about what she actually did as home secretary and what she said, because she was presiding over, in her terms, the creation of a hostile environment. ina weird creation of a hostile environment. in a weird way, it means what you mean by target. if someone had asked mean by target. if someone had asked me when i was immigration minister do you have a target about
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movements, i would say we want to do more, we are not doing enough but that doesn't mean we set a specific number because, to some extent, that obviously depends on how many people you discover who are here with no right to be here. the failure here has been the failure to distinguish between those who have got no right to be here where, absolutely, we should continue trying to remove them, and those who have every right to be here. the windrush generation was my parents putter— macro generation. i believe, and most british people believe, that they have been treated appallingly and he will be judged not only on the statements he makes this afternoon, he will be judged on what he does to put the situation right and get justice for the windrush generation. for more analysis, head to the bbc news website. time for 0utside source business, we will start by talking about t—mobile. t—mobile is buying sprint —
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that's the third—biggest mobile phone operator buying the fourth — worth $116 billion. kim is live with us from new york. these two have tried it before, haven't they? this is like the romantic comedy of the wireless industry, will they or won't they? the third time i bid a charm, they have been trying for many years and the thing they hope has changed this time around is this thing you might have heard a lot about, 5g technology, the way are hoping to make this deal happen to get approvalfrom us make this deal happen to get approval from us regulators make this deal happen to get approvalfrom us regulators is by claiming a merger of this sort will ensure that america becomes the leader in fiveji ensure that america becomes the leader in five ji technology. ensure that america becomes the leader in fiveji technology. this has become a big issue when it comes to president trump and his desire to prevent chinese firms from entering the american market, worried they will steal the technology that will allow the us to become the market leader in this, so it sounds like the two companies, in trying to make this merger go forward, highlighting the fact that if they combine their
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powers, they might be able to drag, in the words of the t—mobile ceo, the rest of the players kicking and screaming to the table so america will be the 5g leader but investors are not convinced this deal will go through this time. we saw shares in sprint and t—mobile declined quite precipitously today, possibly as a result of the fact that they don't quite buy the pitch that the companies have presented in a very long seven minute video. kim, thank you very much for watching those seven minutes so we don't have to do. more from kim in a moment. another potential merger of sainsbury‘s and asda — big news here in uk — they're the second and third biggest supermarkets here. made all the more interesting by having walmart in the equation. walmart is the world's biggest retailer. it bought asda 20 years ago and will retain 42% of the combined business. natalie berg from nbk retail explains. i think this merger is really about two things, which is scale and survival. margins have been falling for the past few years due to
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increased costs, inflation in particular has been a headache, the pound has been weak for nearly two yea rs pound has been weak for nearly two years now, pound has been weak for nearly two yea rs now, so pound has been weak for nearly two years now, so it is costing supermarkets more to get products on their shelves and on top of that, as isaid, their shelves and on top of that, as i said, structural change, the rise of the discounters and the big guys like amazon. from walmart‘s perspective, it is a pretty safe way to reach french, still have their footin to reach french, still have their foot in the water. when they bought asda nearly two decades ago, there was a real opportunity to make asda the best value retailer here in the uk but of course, the likes of aldi and little didn't really pose a threat back then. the market has changed considerably just in threat back then. the market has changed considerablyjust in the last five years alone. notjust changed considerablyjust in the last five years alone. not just the discounters but amazon as well. as promised, another report from kim. the american civil liberties union estimates 77 million americans being jailed over their inability to pay fines of a few hundred dollars, even though it has been illegalfor
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decades. they are calling it modern—day debtors prisons and kim has this report. last year, this lady spent nearly two months injail after she fell behind on payments for a $2000 traffic violation. during my days in jail, | traffic violation. during my days in jail, i lost a family member, i must buy birthday, my son had a 70th birthday, it was easter, i missed my granddaughter‘s first easter. birthday, it was easter, i missed my granddaughter's first easter. she knew she couldn't pay the fine was supporting six children and three grandchildren, but she didn't expect the outcome to be so severe. in lexington county, if you can't pay that traffic ticket, an increasing number of citizens are being sentenced to jail time. it is what groups are called a modern—day debtors prison. the american civil liberties union said debtors prisons now exist in 15 us states. local governments rely on these fines and fees as such for part of their
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municipal expenses. we asked officials here in lexington county if that is why they were jailing people, but they declined to comment. it is illegal to jail people who can't afford to pay. for now, though, many americans continue to be punished simply for being poon i will be back with you in a couple of minutes' time. hello. we will begin the weather round—up in north america, where we have two story is developing as the week goes on. the first is the gathering warmth that will finally arrive across new england and the mid—atlantic arrive across new england and the mid—atla ntic states. this arrive across new england and the mid—atlantic states. this warmth should last longer than any we've seen so should last longer than any we've seen so far this spring. and the warmerair is coming seen so far this spring. and the warmer air is coming up from the gulf of mexico but it is coming up ahead of some storms. now, the onset
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of the tornado season in kansas and 0klahoma of the tornado season in kansas and oklahoma is the latest it has ever been, but this week we have the potential for some severe thunderstorms to develop across the central and northern plains of towards the midwest and those could spawn a few tornadoes, but look at the heat ahead of it, temperatures in new york on a par with miami. across africa, it is all about the seasonal rains, these are the main seasonal rains, these are the main seasonal range you can see, very wet seasonal range you can see, very wet in kenyan, that is the long reins that move north with the sun, so much wetter conditions into ethiopia and somalia, bringing some flooding. we are likely to have flooding in the north—eastern states of india, into bangladesh, perhaps into west bengal, more torrential thundery downpours with hail. we also have the story of the heat building ahead of the south—west monsoon rains. 48 degrees in pakistan. it is turning cooler across china, we have some rain developing, that will move its way over the east china sea towards
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kyushu, we have some rain to come across the green peninsulas after the dry weather of the last few weeks. getting wet in thailand, not the best time of year to go on holiday there, very wet here and across parts of vietnam. moving down under, not much rain at all. we have got high pressure really shaping the weather here, that is going to drift its way over the tasman sea towards new zealand, bringing some much—needed drier weather, it has been very wet across the north island over the weekend. lots of sunshine across australia, the heat beginning to build across the interior and over the tasman sea towards new zealand, we lose the chilly southerly wind, high pressure around, lots of sunshine for a few days but the nights will be chilly, maybe getting some rain in melbourne, dropping those temperatures but still dry with sunshine in sydney. across europe, this low pressure brought all the wind and rain into the south—east of the uk, pushing some wet weather into scandinavia but we have to focus on this area of rain, this
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isn't going to move very much, developing in corsica, sardinia, into the northern mainland italy and could bring some flooding. behind it, some cooler, fresh air across iberia. the real warmth is likely across eastern parts. here at home, the promising weather is going to arrive later on in the week as it becomes warmer and also becomes drier. more details later on. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is 0utside source, and these are the main stories here in the bbc newsroom. israel's prime minister reveals what he says is "new and conclusive proof" that iran had a secret nuclear weapons programme. incriminating presentations, incriminating blueprints, incriminating blueprints, incriminating photos, incriminating videos, and more. many analysts have said there is not much that is new in what mr netanyahu is saying, and
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that this is aimed at persuading donald trump. the fate of a caravan of migrants seeking asylum in the us remains in limbo, as dozens are stopped by authorities at the mexico border. every day, 0utside source features bbc journalists working in over 30 languages. your questions are always welcome. ifi if i can't help you out, i'm surrounded by people who can. for the last few weeks we have been concentrating on this group of migrants who have been heading across central america towards the united states. migrants from a group that's made its way across mexico have arrived in the us. this was earlier. you can see them crossing
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a footbridge bringing them into san diego. there they were told the border crossing was at full capacity so they wouldn't be able to apply for asylum — yet. this group has become politically symbolic within discussions of immigration and border security. us vice president mike pence is currently visiting the border. he's been meeting with us border patrol agents in calexico which is some way to the east of where the caravan is. he's there to inspect the construction of a barrier along the border, the administration of course has much bigger plans to build a wall, although congress has so far refused to allocate funding for that. the group of migrants which has arrived at the border has become known as the caravan. most of those in it are from honduras. about a month ago, they started travelling together across mexico, starting from the city of tapachula, which is near the border with guatemala. initially, there were around 1,000 people — and they caught president trump's attention. on 1st april, he tweeted:
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the next day, he said. these people continue to travel. they are now numbering a few hundred. those seeking asylum claim they're at risk of violence if they return home. one of them spoke to the bbc. translation: we had to bury some of our relatives before we left. my father was one of them. he was tortured. many people think we left
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because we are criminals. we are not criminals, we are people living in fear in our countries. or we want is a place where our children can run free —— all we want. a group called pueblo sin fronteras organised the caravan. it says it's "a collective of friends who decided to be in permanent solidarity with displaced peoples". donald trump has a different perspective. he talked about the caravan on saturday. are you watching that mess that is going on right now with the caravan coming up? are you watching this? our laws are so weak and pathetic, given to us by democrats... and if we don't get border security we will have no choice, we will close down the country, because we need border security. let's look at the border area in more detail,
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the city on the mexican side is tijuana. on the us side is san diego. and this is the border crossing. it's a pedestrian only crossing, they come over the border area by a footbridge. on sunday, us authorities released a statement about this border post saying "individuals may need to wait in mexico" before their asylum applications are processed. so that's what they're doing. let's show you these live pictures. the migrants have set up an open air camp in a small square on the mexican side of the border. they‘ re camping out on the ground under blankets. and they say they will stay there until they are allowed through to the united states. next we are going to turn to
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antarctica. this is where the thwaites glacier is in antarctica. it's the size of britain. scientists are going to study it over the next five years. they want to know if thwaites could collapse. because if it did, it could push up the oceans by 80cm or more. and if sea levels rise here, they rise all around the world. take a look at this timelapse. these are satellite images which shows the thwaites glacier melting. you can see chunks of the glacier breaking off. this project is a massive undertaking. 100 scientists are taking part. i spoke to the bbc science correspondentjonathan amos. it isa it is a big campaign, probably the biggest fear campaign ever undertaken in antarctica, they will
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ta ke undertaken in antarctica, they will take ships and planes and helicopters —— field campaign. submarines and even sales, they will attach sensors to seals to swim around in this particular part of antarctica, together data and to test the every behaviour of the glacier and to understand precisely what it does and how it will respond toa warming what it does and how it will respond to a warming world. we have computer models that suggest this particular glacier, if it is kicked by more melting, it could go into a runaway retreat. computer models are just simulations, so we need real world data to test them and that is the purpose of all of these expeditions that will take place over the next five years. why are they focused on this particular glacier? it is the architecture of this glacier, if you think about one in the alps in europe, for example, when that melts it receives uphill and gravity wants
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to keep pulling it down —— recedes. but in the antarctic, in the west in particular, the glacier sits below sea particular, the glacier sits below sea level and the sea bed slopes back towards the continent. so what happens, as you melt the front, gravity pulls it backwards and down and backwards, and that allows more melting to occur and if it gets going it can run away. there's probably 80 centimetres or more tied up probably 80 centimetres or more tied up injust probably 80 centimetres or more tied up in just this probably 80 centimetres or more tied up injust this one glacier and it wouldn't just be up injust this one glacier and it wouldn'tjust be this one, it would then open up the whole of west antarctica and there's several metres of potential sea—level rises tied up in that particular area. looking at the practicalities, you have spent the day with some of the people who will plan of these studies, presumably it is far from easy to measure a glacier? it is
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quite interesting, if you look at the british bases on the antarctic and you look at where the americans have their bases, thwaites is smacking between. —— smack in between. a thousand kilometres away from those bases, so it is very remote. not easy to work in this pa rt remote. not easy to work in this part of the world, but the key thing, even though it is that remote and even though it is far away from where we are, what happens there will affect every corner of the planet because it is glacier dumps all of its bias into the oceans it will affect coastal communities right across the globe. —— dumps all of its ice. don't forget, you can get much more detail on our top stories on our website. there is full coverage on the israeli prime minister accusing iran of "brazenly lying" about never having a nuclear weapons programme. just go to bbc.com/news or download the bbc news app. president trump is hosting
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nigeria's president muhammadu buhari at the white house. the pair have been discussing economic and security issues. looming over the meeting is the colourful language the us president is said to have used about african nations earlier this year — he called them "shitholes". you are the first leader from sub—saharan africa to visit president trump at the white house, did you address his reported comments from earlier this year when he apparently used vulgar language to describe african nations? well, i'm very careful with what the press
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says. i'm not sure about the validity for an whether that allegation against the president was true or not —— or weather. the best thing to keep quiet. we did not discuss it and you do have some countries that are in very bad shape and very tough places to live in but we did not discuss it because the president knows me and he knows where i'm coming from and i appreciate that. we did not discuss that. mr president, you can ask a question. the bbc‘s nigeria correspondent mayeni jones has more from lagos. many would have been watching this conference between the two leaders of the us and nigeria closely for any allusion to the comments president trump allegedly made about africa earlier this year but it seems both leaders were clearly
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intent on focusing on their agendas, for the us president issues of security and is well for the nigerian president who is dealing with boko haram in the north—east of the country, which is now in its ninth year. us military are in nigeria to train local troops, but the most significant development has been the side at 12 military aircraft in nigeria for nearly $500 million and both leaders alluded to that with the nigerian president thanking president trump for the gift. and president trump struck a threatening tone in one respect, saying if nigeria wanted to trade with the us it had to lower trade barriers between both countries and that the us would only be happy to trade with nigeria further if some of those barriers were removed. and the nigerian president asked for the us government to invest in areas apart from oil, and they are trying
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to diversify away from the primary resource because of fluctuations in its price. agriculture is a major source of interest for the nigerian government and transportation, and aids of the president dairy—macro —— aides of the nigerian president will be working to that effect. it seems that they have let bygones be bygones and they are focusing on trade issues going forward. and now to an alarming report. bbc africa has a new investigations unit — it's called africa eye — and it's first report is out today. it looks at how millions of nigerians are addicted to cough syrup which contains codeine. this is ruona meyer's report. in the back streets of northern nigeria this scene is distressingly common. young people drinking cough syrup with codeine. according to the
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nigerian government 3 million bottles are being drunk every single day. and that figure is just for two of nigeria's northern states. the sweet stalbridge taste make sure high and get you hooked. addiction to this powerful opioid has reached unprecedented proportions across the country. this is a serious issue, it is biting everybody, going from one home to another. if you think you site, you are not safe. overuse of codeine affects the brain and can lead to insanity. and this is the result. a government rehabilitation centre where addicts are chained for fear of violence. some, just 16 yea rs fear of violence. some, just 16 years old, with a clear message to other young people. translation: the national drug law and
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enforcement agency are out on the week but believe they streets every week but believe they only capture 10% of streets every week but believe they only capture 1096 of syrup on the streets. this is the front line in the war against syrup. in a five—month undercover investigation posing as unscrupulous business people wanting to buy cough syrup without papers, recaptured scenes of illegal deals. —— week captured. like this one at a factory, one of the main manufacturers of cough syrup in nigeria. individuals were led to sell their product codeine on
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the black market. they told us the company does not sell the product illegally and that the individual left them in 2016. the individual denies wrongdoing. but while these individuals are free to do business it is nigeria's young people who are the most damaged in this ever expanding crisis and. there's a longer version of that report if you go the bbc news app. there is a six minute version of that report which is well worth watching. an update on syria. at least 26 pro—government fighters were killed in missile strikes in hama province on sunday night.
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these pictures have been circulating on social media. the uk—based syrian observatory for human rights says most of those who died were iranians — though sources in iran are denying this. it's also not clear whose missiles these were — though we do know israel has recently targeted other sites associated with iran's military presence in syria. here's more from bbc arabic‘s ali hashem in beirut. this has been going now for six yea rs this has been going now for six years and this is not the first claim that an israeli air strike is in serious. —— in syria. neither denied or confirmed that they are
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behind the strike, and yesterday's strike, it was said that this is an iranian base that was hit by israeli planes but the iranians are denying and the israelis are not confirming, but we know that the confrontation between israel and iran is getting much dangerous in this region, mainly after the april eight israeli attack on the t4 base where seven iranian members were killed, that was the first time that iran announces that seven of its own members were killed in an israeli attack and this also took the confrontation to another dimension, especially with iran going to respond to this attack. two weeks after the first attack and without having an iranian response there was
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another attack also claims to be by israel. we don't know who really did this but all the fingers are pointing towards israel. it may have been a us—led strike, we would have known, because the americans in general issue statements claiming responsibility for such strikes. how well can we understand the size of iran's military support for president assad? the iranians and the syrian government have been allies now for years. to the iranians, part of syria is part of their own national security and regional security, therefore being able to preserve and maintain president assad's leadership in syria to keep him in power, that is one of the priorities of iran's
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foreign policy and national security, therefore since the beginning of the crisis in syria they were keen on keeping him and preserving him and defending him, sending whatever possible forces, either iranian forces or allied forces, or pakistani groups or iraqi groups, because they want assad to continue. this is also related to the fight with israel, the cycle with israel, iranians are keen to stay on the borders with israel and this issue won't happen without having an allied regime in syria. we are indebted to our colleagues at bbc arabic. this is hassan al—kontar. he's from syria and has been living in the transit section of kuala lumpur‘s airport for the past 54 days. this is his bed where he says
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he's been sleeping. he's been uploading videos to his twitter account. he says if he goes back to syria, he will be arrested for refusing a call—up for military service. he left syria in 2006 and worked in the uae until last year, when he was deported. he has been denied entry to malaysia and cambodia. human rights groups want malaysia to give the un's refugee agency full access to him to investigate his refugee status. here's hassan al—kontar. they did not sign the 1951 refugee agreement with the united nations. so when the time will come and my passport expires i will be living on my own and start again. i have a few
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issues —— i have a few options. i can go back to syria. you get used to it, you have problems and issues, and it will be a problem, but it will become a major problem, where to eat and sleep and where to clean your clothes. it is exhausting and there is no way to continue like this. but i'm holding up what to do. we will continue to follow his story. china has banned pictures of peppa pig from social media because she has become a symbol of rebellion. you heard that right. here's kerry allen, bbc monitoring. peppa pig has been increasingly over the last few months become this big fascination with children and adults, and a lot of people in china, celebrities, have started
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sharing pictures of themselves with toys. transfer tattoo is on their hands. watches, all sorts of little bits and bobs and gadgets. this is clearly very attractive to young chinese people and young adults and they have found a cool. they have started buying this stuff themselves. i'm talking about celebrities, including rappers, so people in china who were seen as subversive anyway, and think this is something they can get along with and do something... they can play with this, and find it quite cool.|j can understand how something which is aimed at children becomes quite cool for adults and they intertwined that with their music, but how does this become subversive? people have taken the cartoon and they have been creating memes and it has been a
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fascination for chinese people to ta ke fascination for chinese people to take the cartoons and. over the top of them, so rather than having huge cartoon voices, it is teenagers and young adults who are adding their own risk a comments. —— risky comments. people have seen peppa pig asa comments. people have seen peppa pig as a means for manipulation and playing an almost testing these sensors to see how far they will go. is it just sensors to see how far they will go. is itjust peppa pig or also daddy? it is the whole lot. do china has a vision control over social media that they can enforce their suspension macro? absolutely. in china you have more software developers and you have this mass group of people who are creating apps. this app is almost the snatch out of china, increasingly popular and people can post videos and
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images and if this app goes, if the government think the content is not healthy and not promoting the right culture, another app will spring up. that story ends this edition. we are back tomorrow with another hour with the biggest global stories will stop goodbye. monday was a day of whether contrasts. we had wet and windy weather in the east and south—east having them. there is a trend in the next few days for the weather to become dry and warm especially late in the week. the ridge of high pressure following, that means most
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of us, it should be a good start to the day but cold and frosty for some across scotland and northern england. massive improvements across east anglia and the south—east, temperatures will reach 50, 11 warmer than today —— will reach 15. the rain will be heavy for a time in the afternoon, northern ireland and western areas of scotland in particular. through tuesday not, the weather front will be very slowly easing its way east, and there is uncertainty as to how quickly the band of rain will push through but either way it looks on wednesday as if the rain will still be around parts of england in particular. we will have sunny spells developing to the afternoon late in the day, but there is the risk of a few heavy showers in north—western areas, thunder mixed income and it will be a cooler day on wednesday, with highs of 10—12. looking at the weather picture for thursday and
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friday, high pressure building towards southern parts of the uk, steering whether france to the very far north of scotland —— weather front. it will become mainly dry with sunny spells across england and wales and eastern errors of scotland, maybe some cloud building into the afternoon but we will stay bright with sunny spells even into the afternoon. there's a trend to get a bit warmer on friday, and againafear get a bit warmer on friday, and again a fear that of across england and wales, the best in north—east england, eastern scotland not faring too badly but the weather front in the north—west offering some rain. 19 in london and south—east england, and then we have a bank holiday weekend, normally might expect rain or snow but this one looks like it will be a fine bank holiday weekend. sunny spells and generally turning warmer. we have a build of pressure across the country and if we started see that area of low pressure
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building we might start to see a feed of continental air feeding building we might start to see a feed of continental airfeeding in across the south of england and wales and that will boost the temperatures. a lot of dry weather, most errors will have good sunshine, and away from the north—west where we might have some rain. —— most areas. it will get warmer still on sunday, as we get the drift coming in from the continent. we might have temperatures, 22, 23, in the best of the sunshine, with the warmth pushing further north. beyond bank holiday monday, this would be quite important, a trough in thejet stream, and if it gets a bit bigger we might start to get the low pressure which will turn the winds exactly the opposite way. the significance of that, the official forecast is that the high—pressure d rifts forecast is that the high—pressure drifts away quite quickly, but if the low—pressure forms to the west the low—pressure forms to the west the high—pressure can stick around over our shores.
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tonight at ten, first day at the home office for sajid javid, who promises to treat caribbean migrants with dignity and respect. the new home secretary says he'll review immigration policy to make sure it's fair to people of the windrush generation and others who settled legally in the uk. the most urgent task i have is to help those british citizens, you know, that came from the caribbean, in the so—called windrush generation, and make sure that they're all treated with the decency and fairness that they deserve. but labour says the immigration controversy is down to the prime minister, and they say she has many more questions to answer. we'll have the latest. also tonight, asda and sainsbury‘s claim that grocery prices will fall if their planned merger gets official approval. a major new study of one the world's largest glaciers, which could collapse, causing a significant rise in sea levels.
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