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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  May 7, 2018 9:00pm-10:00pm BST

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hello, i'm karin giannone, this is outside source. the british foreign secretary appeals for the united states not to tear up the iran nuclear deal — he's met the new secretary of state and appeared on fox news. we think that what you can do is be tougher on iran, address the concerns of the president and not throw the baby out with the bath water. vladmir putin is sworn in for a fourth term — extending his almost two—decade rule as the president of russia. india is reeling after two teenagers were raped and then set on fire. and melania trump steps into the limelight to announce her own policy initiatives — one of them is online bullying. our top story this hour is the iran nuclear deal.
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the us president has tweeted this: rather sooner than we expected, although we knew he was going to announce his decision by this saturday. britain, france and germany have been making last ditch pleas to the us to stay in. the british foreign secretary boris johnson is washington. he doesn't have a meeting planned with the president — so did what many say is the next best thing — he appeared on one of mr trump's favourite morning cable news programmes: fox and friends. the president has a legitimate point, he set a challenge for the world. we think that what you can do is be tougher on iran, address the concerns of the president and not throw the baby out with the bath water. notjunk a deal, because as i say,
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lambey does not seem to me to be very well developed at this stage —— plan b does not seem. mrjohnson did get a meeting with new secretary of state, mike pompeo. this is the press picture before the two sat down for talks at the state department. mr pompeo is someone the president trusts and is likely to be listened to on this issue. at the same time in berlin, the german and french foreign ministers made their pitch to america. both countries have committed to staying in the deal even if the us doesn't. here's france's foreign minister, jean—yves le drian. translation: together with our british partners we are determined to save this deal because this accord safeguards against nuclear proliferation and is the right way to stop iran getting a nuclear weapons. of course we are awaiting
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america's decision. let's go back to what this is all about. iran agreed to mothball its nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions as part of the deal. the country's leaders have repeatedly warned america about pulling out. but for the first time, president hassan rouhani has hinted iran might carry on with the deal if parties guarantee the country will benefit from it. translation: either what we want from the nuclear deal will be provided and guaranteed by those other than the us, then let it be, it will be even better if the us leaves. the us mischief will be gone. and if what we want is not provided we will go our own way, our own wise and legal way. we've also heard from donald trump. he tweeted: "the united states does not
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need john kerry's" — he's talking about the us secretary of state when the deal was done — "possibly illegal shadow diplomacy on the very badly negotiated iran deal. he was the one that created this mess in the first place!" earlier i spoke to barbara plett usher in washington — in fact, we can hearfrom barbara right now. we are going to hear from him sooner than expected. yes, he has until next weekend to look at the sanctions against iran, and he said if the deal which he hates is not fixed or there are solutions offered, then he won't waive sanctions, in effect withdrawing from the deal, that was until the 12th of may, but he has sided to make the decision tomorrow which cuts short the european campaign to get him to save the deal —— he has decided. they thought they would
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have a bit more time to work on a supplemental agreement which would look at his concerns while at the same time saying you should preserve the actual deal because it is doing what it was designed to do, to prevent iran from getting a nuclear weapons. if america pulls out, what remains of the deal? it depends how the pull—out happens, for example, there could be a way of doing it which would buy a certain amount of time, and there is a dispute mechanism built into the agreement, so one mechanism built into the agreement, so one party can bring a claim against another, iran could bring a claim against the us to say it had violated the agreement and then there would be a period of time where the dispute is discussed and maybe those negotiations would continue, this is one possible outcome. another thing to watch, if mrtrump outcome. another thing to watch, if mr trump withdraws from the deal, decides to reimpose sanctions, whether those sanctions will only be on iran or also be on the european
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banks and businesses that have economic links to iran because that would determine how much of the deal can be rescued. the europeans have said they want to remain in it and iran say they will remain if it sees benefit but if the sanctions are reimposed in a blanket way, which would sanction the way the europeans do business with iran, that would be very difficult. donald trump seems to have got much tougher on iran in terms of the people around him, his closest advisers. he has assemble a tea m closest advisers. he has assemble a team of iran hawks, national security adviserjohn bolton has already the —— always been very hawkish in terms of iran. mike pompeo was a very loud critic of the iran deal, and he said military action might be a better way to
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approach it. he's now the secretary of state now. he has said he would like to find a way to fix the deal and keep the deal but he has made it clear that if he thinks that isn't done to meet the concerns that he and trump have, the option is to walk away. barbara, thanks for joining us. we will hear what donald trump decides at two o'clock on tuesday. here's another story involving iran's influence in the middle east. hezbollah the militant group supported by tehran looks like the big winner in the election in lebanon. over half the seats. gf president'éssgd: it's considered a terrorist organisation by the united states among others,
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but its political influence has been growing. the leader of hezbollah has described the result as a political and moral victory. translation: with regards to the resista nce translation: with regards to the resistance block, its allies and friends, we can say that the results of this parliamentary election, the new of parliament, —,j,.—,.,l 7:74.22; ,. ..' ix; , "7 powerto this in the ascendant again — recently it was riyadh seen to be calling the shots, when the prime minister saad hariri resigned from his post, whilst on a visit to the saudi capital. there was even talk of him being held there against his will. he later revoked that decision, and he left. despite their win, hezbollah won't simply take over — a power sharing system reserves certain roles like the president
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and prime minister for christians and sunnis — hezbollah are of course shia. carine torbey is in beirut for us. this parliament will soon host the newly elected or re—elected mps, a close look at the figures shows the shia movement his brother and its allies have consolidated their position and the sunni majority have lost a significant number of seats, and the president of the republic has been mightily challenged. in all of this the biggest blow was dealt to the civil society movements who presented themselves as alternative to the traditional parties but could only secure one seat and are contesting another. basically despite victories and losses, it is a victory for the establishment with
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the different parties coming together again today pledging once more to fix the ailing economic and social situation that most people here hold them responsible for. vladimir putin has been inaugurated for a fourth term as russian president. he pledged at the inauguration ceremony to harness the country's talents to "achieve breakthroughs." some 5,000 guests attended the lavish ceremony. he's been in power, as president or prime minister, for the past 18 years. he's been president for 1h years over 3 terms. and he was prime minister for 4 years while dmitry medvedev was president. his supporters say he's boosted russia's standing on the international stage. but he has opponents — look at this — more than a thousand arrests were reported to have been made over the weekend as riot police confronted people protesting against his rule. they compare his years in power to the reign of a tsar. in his address after taking oath of office,
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mr putin emphasised that russia wants to co—operate with the international community. translation: we are open to dialogue along with our partners who will move forward, promote integration, and humanity's connections, we stand for equal partnership with every state and peace and stability on the planet. russia is a strong and activities than in international life, security and defence of the country are strongly provided and we will continue to pay huge attention to these issues. our correspondent in moscow, sarah rainsford watched mr putin's speech. she gave us this assessment. i think the very domestic focus of the speech is interesting, it shows vladimir putin knows there are real
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challenges going into this fourth term in office, that the focus of his third term was foreign policy, only remembered the key points of the annexation of crimea and the war in ukraine and syria and more recently in the uk, the poisoning of a former russian spy and his daughter. many instances in which russia has been seen as an aggressor and has faced western sanctions, but now the focus that vladimir putin is now the focus that vladimir putin is now trying to set is on the domestic agenda, on trying to improve the living standards and well—being of the russian people, but in the context of that foreign policy, that will be difficult, because there are western sanctions in place and also the oil price remains challenging for russia. difficult for him to achieve those goals but suddenly it is what he is promising the russian people. —— but certainly. natalka pisnia is the washington correspondent of bbc russian. how are russians in the us viewing
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this fourth term for vladimir putin? the most important thing regarding the ceremony, a few remarkable moments which was seen by russians asa sign moments which was seen by russians as a sign right here, since 2008 there was a part of the ceremony where the sitting president can set the power to the elected president, and this happened when the power was transmitted to vladimir putin, but this time basically he transmitted the power to himself because at the same time he was sitting as the elected president. he came to the presidency by himself and no family members accompanied him. he almost immediately an old and his marriage is over. there was no reception in
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the kremlin, and the kremlin said there will be another state dinner designated regarding the victory day which is the 9th of may, russia recognises this day as the end of the second world war, at least for russia. what do we expect from the tone of this fourth term as president in terms of relations with the west, will there be any difference? i don't think we should expect any significant changes. vladimir putin clearly wants to start the won set the —— wants to set the country on the world stage and he has no intention to stop the separatists and the people who are supported by the kremlin for their actions in eastern ukraine.
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regarding his relationship with the west, there are three different investigations in washington regarding rushing meddling in the american elections —— russian. the members of the house committee released their report a few weeks ago, they were republicans and they made it very clear that there was meddling to the american election and all intel operations were directed by vladimir putin personally. thanks forjoining us. stay with us on outside source — still to come. we will cover the trial in india of a group of hindu men — accused of raping and murdering an eight year old muslim girl. the uk has had its hottest ever may bank holiday monday since the holiday
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was introduced in 1978. northolt hit the highest temperature — according to the met office — of 28.7 degrees celsius. other warmest spots around the uk include south—east england, the midlands and east anglia. it's unbelievable, it feels like we are living in spain. it's really cool are living in spain. it's really cool, lovely, and the fact it is also a bank holiday, a great day. i'm enjoying the weather very much. i don't usually get out but it was so i don't usually get out but it was so tempting that we came out for a walk and a day of relax asian. —— relax i??? —— walk and a day of relax asian. —— relax §ts¥ —— relaxation. if you got here after 12 o'clock, no chance. we are enjoying ourselves, getting out before it starts raining ain! this is outside source live
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from the bbc newsroom. our lead story: the british foreign secretary appeals for the united states not to tear up the iran nuclear deal — president trump says he'll announce his decision on tuesday. other stories from around the bbc newsroom. the united nations mission in afghanistan has found that most of the victims of a government raid in kunduz province last month were children. a report on the april 2nd attack has accused the authorities of not doing enough to protect civilians. the afghan defence ministry said the raid killed 18 taliban commanders. the government of somalia wants help to stop the illegal trade in charcoal. it said that every 30 seconds a tree is cut down to make charcoal. fewer trees had led to more drought and flooding and the trade is funding the islamist militant group, al shabab. the astana cycling team have apologised — to a volunteer at the tour
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de yorkshire, who came close to being run over, by one of their support cars. the car didn't appear to see him on the traffic island — and he jumped clear to avoid being hit. a 17—year—old girl in eastern indian is in critical condition after she was raped and then set on fire. police arrested this man — who's face has been covered — saying he attacked the girl over a spurned marriage proposal. it is the second such incident to be reported in the state otharkhand in recent days. another 16—year—old girl was raped and burned to death in chatra after being abducted. with more on this is our india correspondent yogita limaye. the cases reported occurred on the same day on friday and while they are separate incidents they are similar in nature. two girls under the age of 18 were raped and set on
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fire, one of them died over the weekend from her injuries and the other one is in hospital in critical condition. given that the spotlight continues to be on sexual violence against women in india authorities have been under pressure to act, and police have made arrests in both cases and while stricter law enforcement is necessary many are asking if it is working as a deterrent. india has seen a string of violent sexual crimes — most notably the murder of an 8—year old kasmiri muslim girl injanuary and this is one of the vigils held after the case caused outrage across india, prompting the government to make child rape punishable by death. today the supreme court transferred the trial of those accused to another state at the request of the victim's family. the case has raised religious divisions across the state of jammu and kashmir between muslims and hindus. the daughter of one of the accused hindu men told the bbc her people were under attack.
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translation: the unity of hindus is being our being attach-3:17. bur vurres‘ravaiifie and being enenbeni. nni vurres‘eveiwe and all of our men have suppressed and all of our men have been arrested. who will we go back home for? for more on today's court decision let's return to yogita limaye. the supreme court heard the petition from the victims family who feared that the court case, if it was held here, it might not be heard properly, and the victims was mac father has said he is happy with the court's decision because he feels the case will be heard without any pressure now “— the case will be heard without any pressure now —— the victims's father. the family members of the queues are demanding a federal inquiry into the incident —— of the accused. they say in this muslim majority state the hindu minority is being targeted and this incident has deeply polarised people here.
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china's stepping up quarantine checks on imports of apples and logs from the united states. it follows a weekend of increasing tensions between the world's two biggest economies. the two sides are in the middle of a wide ranging dispute over trade. joe millerjoins me now from new york. what is going on here — are these actions the result of legitimate concerns by the chinese authorities? that is the line that the chinese authorities are taking, they say this is simply a public health issue and that apples and logs that have been coming into china from the us have contained bugs that need to be seen to and quarantined but it is fairto seen to and quarantined but it is fair to say that no one on the us side buys this argument. they would say that this is a way of china's bureaucracy managing to impose ta riffs bureaucracy managing to impose tariffs on us products without actually imposing tariffs themselves, just by making things
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difficult for us producers and it is not the first instance of this. a week ago we learned that ford cars we re week ago we learned that ford cars were being held at a port in china and held up in customs, one of the ways in which chinese bureaucracy can make things difficult for businesses in china and in the us without really going to the world trade organisation or imposing tariffs. thanks forjoining us. trade union representatives at the french airline air france have reportedly said they won't call any more strikes for now. shares in the airline group fell by as much as 14% in monday trading after a bruising few days for the company. staff at the loss—making airline rejected a new pay deal last week and have continued their industrial action in pursuit of a 5.1% pay rise. that prompted this man — jean—marc janaillac — the air france—klm ceo to announced his resignation late on friday. and things got even worse this weekend when a french
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government minister confirmed that they would not bail out the airline despite holding a 14.3% share of the company. let's take a quick look at some of the bbc business stories that have been doing well on social media today. "nestle pays starbucks $7.1bn to sell its coffee" — the deal means nespresso machine owners will be able to buy starbucks coffee branded pods for use at home. "google changes rules for buying election adverts" — the tech giant is demanding that those placing political ads during the forthcoming us elections must prove they are us citizens or permanent residents. "is australia running out of fuel? pm orders supply review" — that review comes after experts warned the country only has weeks of petrol, diesel and aviation fuel left in its reserve. there could be some bad news for those of you who love ice cream.
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vanilla is already the second most expensive spice in the world — but now bad weather in madagascar has really hit the harvest — pushing up prices of the sweetest flavour to over $600 a kilo. maryam moshiri has more. the cost of this key ingredient, vanilla, is starting to bite. we had to make a decision as to whether we we re to make a decision as to whether we were going to absorb the cost which were going to absorb the cost which we did in the end. the sisters insist they will stick with the real thing. but other ice cream businesses are taking vanilla off the menu. here vanilla orchids are grown inside a special glasshouse by over 75% of the world's the net grows in madagascar. vanilla is
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around $600 a kilo and the main reason is that there was a cyclone in madagascar last march which damaged a lot of the plantations and despite hopes that the prize would have eased by now it is still on the high side —— the price. this means it is higher than the price of silver. a highly prized and highly priced ingredient, as a result only 196 priced ingredient, as a result only 1% of the flavouring in food comes from actual vanilla plants like these ones, and even though you mightfind it these ones, and even though you might find it in sweet—scented pair fumes and candles, cakes and even cocktails, beware, because cheaper alternatives can be extracted from wood and even petrol. i will be back inafew wood and even petrol. i will be back in a few minutes' time with more from outside source. plenty to talk about across the
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globe and we will start off in north america. we have seen recent stormy weather but conditions are quietening down. but they are warming up especially in the desert south—west, las vegas and phoenix arizona, for example, they could see temperatures more akin to august. if we look at the warmth in the heat of the day, we could see temperatures in excess of 38 degrees and that could exacerbate the risk of wildfires in the area. there is quiet weather and it is more co mforta ble quiet weather and it is more comfortable and maura freshening along the west coast. scattered showers to the west of the great la kes showers to the west of the great lakes and maybe rain easing away from the east coast but the heat is widespread across north america, mid 30s in texas and mid 30s in the east coast and in improving picture with a dry astori in the east. —— dryer
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story. dallas keeps those temperatures into the mid 30s until the end of the week. we have seen stormy weather recently across the caribbean and weather warnings remain in force, very heavy rain and thunderstorms possible and that could lead to some local flash flooding and also landslides. the worst affected areas look likely to continue to be cuba and jamaica, and the dominican republic. we have similar showers over the last few days and it looks likely that those showers are set to continue, don't forget the vibrant colours denoting the intensity of that rain. also stretching up to these islands. in terms of the feeder things it will be pretty disappointing there. —— the feel of things. there were fights in turkey at the weekend, and looks as though we're going to have
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widespread thundery downpours across much of the mediterranean —— there we re much of the mediterranean —— there were floods in turkey at the weekend. that is turkey, towards mainland greece, sharp showers likely, the same for the balkans and italy, where it has been warming recent weeks, and the french riviera is not immune to these showers. but across the uk and into france and germany, we have lovely warmth with the south—easterly breeze and the heat is set to continue, or with temperatures well above the average for this time of year. things are set to change for the uk. it looks as though as we go through the week conditions will cool down with rain at times but also sunshine. more details coming up in half an hour. hello, i'm karin giannone, and this is outside source. our top stories: the british foreign secretary is appealing for the united states to not tear up the iran nuclear deal. he's met the new secretary of state
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and appeared on fox news. we think that what you can do is be tougher on iran, address the concerns of the president, and not throw the baby out with the bath water. melania trump has announced her policy initiatives. one of them is online bullying. vladmir putin is sworn in for a fourth term, extending his almost two—decade rule as the president of russia. fears for press freedom in cambodia after sackings and resignations at what's widely seen as the country's last independent daily. every day, outside source features bbcjournalists working in over 30 languages. your questions are always welcome — #bbcos is the hashtag. after 16 months in the role,
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first lady melania trump has laid out her policy plan. she's focusing on america's children and fighting online bullying as part of her be best campaign. in the last hour she addressed the media, cabinet members and representatives from the likes of facebook and twitter. this was her message for them. as we all know, social media can be both positively and negatively affecting our children, but too often it is used in negative ways. when children learn positive online behaviours early on, social media can be used in productive ways and can be used in productive ways and can effect positive change. i do believe that children should be both seen and heard, and it is our
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responsibility as adults to educate and remind them that when they are using their voices, whether verbally or online, they must choose their words wisely and speak with respect and compassion. in the front row was her husband, who laterjoined. president trump praised his wife as an "inspiration" and then officially signed the be best proclamation. for more on the role of the first lady, i spoke to rajini vaidyanathan. all first ladies in the last 50 or 60 years have taken on public roles, usually adopting a cause close to their hearts, working on that in a very public way, so as we have just heard a there now, melania trump has chosen children as a cause for this be best campaign, looking at a range of issues under that umbrella, including child trafficking,
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poverty, disease and online bullying. of course, her predecessor, michelle obama, focused on the nutrition and diet of children, she had a campaign that she took to schools. barbara bush and laura bush took on literacy, encouraging young people to read books. so you have got a range of things, going back as far as jackie onassis, whose goal it was to open up onassis, whose goal it was to open up the white house, make it more accessible to members of the public, that kind of thing. so a huge spectrum. of course, melania trump as first lady has really been in the shadows much more than a lot of her predecessors. now, by making this announcement, she is thrusting herself much more in the public eye. iam herself much more in the public eye. i am wondering why this has come at 16 months or so into the tenure. yes, she has taken some time to do this, but it took about six months to move to washington in the first place, so she has probably been bedding down. michelle obama, when
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she was in the role, took about 11 months before she announced her campaign. so it is not out of the ordinary. of course, there has been a lot of anticipation about what she would do and how she will take on that role as first lady, and of course it is interesting, because we have just had a latest approval ratings in the us, and she is wildly more popular than her husband. her approval rating is above 50%, so she could be a useful asset now with all what is going on in the white house. rajini vaidyanathan. there are concerns about diminishing press freedom in many parts of the world, and one of the countries and the spotlight is cambodia, any light of what has happened. this is the phnom penh post — until today it widely was seen as cambodia's last independent daily newspaper. not anymore. at the weekend, it was sold to a malaysian businessman. then on monday, this man, the editor in chief, was sacked. other seniorjournalists have resigned or been sacked as well. the paper's reporters say it was because of this article, published on sunday — in which reporters raised concerns about their new owners,
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in particular their links to the cambodian government. this is one of the article's authors. "after being ordered to remove my story regarding the sale of the phnom penh post from the website by new management, i refused and offered my resignation, which was accepted." "i wish the fantasticjournalists at the post all the best." the new owners said the decision was "simple business restructuring". the papers' staff are not convinced. this video was taken by one of them as kay kimsong left the building. applause i will not cry. a very emotional day for many
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journalists working there. the post reporter who shot that video on her phone is erin handley. i spoke to her earlier. here she is talking about the effect on the paper. at least four of our senior staff have worked out, including our managing editor, our business editor, our web editor, and one of the senior reporters who worked on the senior reporters who worked on the damaging article. and so, basically, today we have seen the editorial, our editors gutted from the newsroom. you are still working for the post yourself. i am, i am technically on leave at the moment, but i chose to go into day to cover whatever fallout there was from the mass walk—outs, just to be able to keep the document and see what was happening. people might be confused as to what the link might be, how does this have anything to do with cambodian politics, if its new
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odours are a malaysian company? sure, i guess what we found out was that the malaysian investor in question is linked to a company called asia pr, which in the past been involved in running a paper from the 19905 called the cambodia time5, from the 19905 called the cambodia times, and different articles make a link between the owner of the largest ca5ino link between the owner of the largest casino in cambodia and that paper. there have also been link5 between the investor and a big malaysian politician, a paper that he ran in the past who was widely seen to be in his favour, and there were, you know, concerns about blogging and forestry lo55 were, you know, concerns about blogging and forestry loss in malaysia, which is a big issue in cambodia a5 malaysia, which is a big issue in cambodia as well. another key point to bring up was, before the new owner, the investor, joined asia pr,
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it had represented the government in something that is listed on their track record, on their website, and so it was concerning to us. we were promised editorial independence, and then all of a sudden our new owner as all these linked to companies that have links to the cambodian government as well. so there were concerns. what you think is happening to independent media in cambodia? more broadly, beyondjust the phnom pen po5t, cambodia? more broadly, beyondjust the phnom pen post, we are seeing a huge decline in press freedom over the past year. in the reporters without borders index, we plunged ten places, and we saw the closure of the cambodia daily after the government slapped them with a huge tax bill that they were not able to pat’- tax bill that they were not able to pay. we also saw other independent radio outlets shattered, which is really important for people in rural areas, a lot of them still get their
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information by radio, and we saw operation5 information by radio, and we saw operations by radio free asia and voice of america were curtailed a5 well. overall, the media 5cene voice of america were curtailed a5 well. overall, the media scene is not looking good, and the phnom pen po5t not looking good, and the phnom pen post is widely seen to be one of the la5t independent media outlets left. that was erin handley, 5till la5t independent media outlets left. that was erin handley, still working at the paper, but she is uncertain about her future there as an independent journalist. about her future there as an independentjournalist. worth reiterating that the new owners say that this was a simple bu5ine55 restructuring move. one bit of reaction, so much online today from reuters, the former bureau chief in bangkok, very sad to see the once mighty phnom pen po5t bangkok, very sad to see the once mighty phnom pen post for like this, terrible new5 mighty phnom pen post for like this, terrible news for press freedom in a country that desperately needed. don't forget, you can get much more detail on our top stories on our website. you can stay up to date at
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president trump has defended his nominee to head the cia after she offered to withdraw over concerns about her role in harsh interrogation techniques, including waterboarding. he tweeted, "my highly respected nominee for cia director, gina ha5pel, has come underfire because she was too tough on terrorists." "think of that, in these very dangerous time5, we have the most qualified person, a woman, who democrats want out because she is too tough on terror." "win gina!" gina haspel‘s confirmation hearing is set for wednesday. here's former cia director michael hayden on what we can expect. to me, i think her past is perfectly acceptable. i am worried about the present and the future, and i want someone like gina haspel in the room with this president, because she will be ruthless and candid. it will be messy for her personally, i view that as another reason why we should appreciate this woman being willing
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to do this. she knows what she's going to have to go through, and their victory, her only outcome is that she has the opportunity for further service in a really difficultjob. there are extra police on the streets of london after the capital saw five shootings in the past 2a hours. on saturday, a shooting in southwark left a 17—year—old, rhyhiem barton, dead. police have been searching the area. he was chased through his housing estate and then shot. earlier, he'd been out in the sunshine of the bank holiday weekend playing football with friends. his mother called for an end to violence. make my son be the last and be a example to everyone. just let it stop! there was another shooting on sunday in lewisham. a 22—year—old was injured. also on sunday, on the other side of the city in wealdstone, two people on a motorbike or moped approached a 15—year—old and opened fire with a shotgun. he's in hospital, along with a 13—year—old boy injured, believed to be
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an innocent bystander. the police gave this update earlier. it was obviously a terrible and cowardly act, to drive past and commit this offence whilst members of the public are walking on a sunny bank holiday, and a real appalling offence, looking at what has happened to a 13—year—old child, sibley walking past with his pa rents. sibley walking past with his parents. certainly, as a father myself, i can understand how people like steve lee concerned and worried, and we are working with trident and others to make sure the person responsible is brought to justice. london's murder rate has been rising. official statistics released in april showed the number of homicides up 44% in the past year to 157, driven mostly by an increase in stabbings. and so far this year, counting since january 1st, there have been 60 murders. during that time, for a couple of months, more murders took place in london than in new york.
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that's brought international attention to the city, including from president trump, speaking to the national rifle association a few days ago, he said, "a once very prestigious hospital is like a war zone for horrible stabbing wounds." "it's as bad as a military war zone hospital." "knives, knives, knives, knives." earlier i asked caroline davies from bbc london, if the city has been seeing a big spike in violent crime. there are about 30 incidents on average a month in london where a gun is fired that could potentially kill somebody, so roughly one a day, so having five in such a short space of time does seem unusual, but sometimes these events to cluster together. the one thing we saw when the police released stats in march, they suggested that gun crime might have actually gone down. looking at the picture overall, does anyone
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have any explanation why london's murder rate has been so high recently? what are authority saying is behind it all? plenty of different theories that people have come out with to explain this increase in violence on london streets, some saying there's not enough funding going into youth groups, others are suggesting that these young men feel unsafe, they carry a weapon because they feel they would otherwise be vulnerable. others say these people maybe feel they do not have a stake in society, so it is a way of making themselves feel powerful. it will talking about politicians, sadiq khan has suggested a connection to fewer police officers in london, and the rise in violent crime, something that the government have specifically said they do not think those two things are connected, that there are enough police to deal with there are enough police to deal with the violence. what connection to police make between the weather and the rate of violence? interestingly, when the days get longer, there tends to be more violent incidents.
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you can see it quite clearly on some of the stats about these things, so the real concern is that during the summer holidays, when the weather is good, people are enjoying themselves, schools have broken up, people are on holiday, so the real issue now is looking at these incidents and making sure the police and authorities have control before the summer holidays. what has gang violence got to do with what we're seeing in london, at least according to police? it is sometimes quite difficult to determine gang violence and other violence, london police have a measure to measure gang violence, but sometimes when you speak to the young people who might be involved in these violent incidents, they themselves don't necessarily consider themselves to be in necessarily consider themselves to beina necessarily consider themselves to be in a gang, they don't have a title, a phrase, if someone asks them, they wouldn't know what to answer. instead, they arejust groups of people that tend to hang out, and a lot of these young men say the reason violence gets to this point is because they feel like they're authorities on the line, they're authorities on the line, they are seen as weak and vulnerable
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if they do not follow through with a threat. it is not as can walk naked in their minds as gang violence might suggest. the nigerian army says it has rescued more than a thousand hostages being held by the islamist militant group boko haram. it tweeted this: "the hostages consisted mainly of women, children as well as some young men who were forced to become boko haram fighters." another tweet revealed the operation happened in the country's north east, with people rescued from four villages in borno state, an area largely controlled by the militant islamist group. this is the third time the army has claimed the rescue of boko haram captives in the last four months. and there are still more hostages. the bbc‘s chris ewokor gave us this update from abuja. in february this year, the army did claim that it had rescued 1100 people, mainly also women and children, and then in april, is
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claimed to have rescued another 300 people. now, we don't have details of those who were rescued, but it is also sometimes difficult to verify the claims by the military, but there are indications that, with the ongoing operations by the military in the north—east, a lot of key places held by boko haram, there are indications that more hostages would be rescued. we also have the problem of those girls that were abducted in chibok, about 100 of them are still held in custody, and there is another girl abducted who is still in boko haram custody. in two days, malaysia will go to the polls in a general election that's turned former allies into bitter rivals. these are the three main players. trying to hold onto power is najib razak. he's been prime minister since 2009, but he's facing a weakened majority
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and corruption allegations. opposition comes from anwar ibrahim, who is serving a five—yearjail term on sodomy charges, despite winning the popular vote in 2013. and he's aligned with this man — 92—year—old former prime minister and najib's old mentor, mahathir mohamad. he spoke tojonathan head about his succession plan. after me, we have decided that anwar ibrahim will be the eighth prime minister. he will be released soon, we'll get a pardon for him, then he can be eligible to become prime minister. of course, he has to be elected, and we have already decided. when i interviewed you last time, you described him as immoral, and fits to be a leader. yes. but
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you can't punish people for a lifetime. you know, one can describe where we were indiscreet, when we are young, but we can't punish people for ever. some of his family think you should apologise to him for what happened. do you think you should? that is an old matter, i don't think that matters now. what is important is that we work together, and the family of anwar works with me closely, supporting each other in order to get this. groomed him to succeed you in the 19905, you chose someone else to succeed in 2003, and your approval was crucial in the current prime minister ascending. you have turned against all of them. what does that say about you ? against all of them. what does that say about you? when they were given power, they changed, they are not
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the same. najib razak did not steal money when i was prime minister. he stole money after i stepped down. at least i got to know about it after i stepped down. but the system he is now using to hold onto power is the very system that, 22 years of power, that you created. no, he is not using the system, he is abusing the system. during my time, the system was the same, but i didn't abuse, i did steal money from the government. in fact, i gave money to the government, and i didn't have scandals like he has. when you reflect back, though, you look at the state of malaysia today, do you feel any personal responsibility for the problems your country has now? no, i don't think i had much to worry about, but during my period of time, iwas worry about, but during my period of time, i was able to rule the country, change it into an
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industrialised country. people have jobs, able get scholarships to study, all those things i did during my time. no regrets? why should i regret? many of those people get to see me, they say, i grew up during yourtime, igot see me, they say, i grew up during your time, i got a good education during yourtime, your time, i got a good education during your time, thank you very much. even now, people come up to me to say thank you. 92 years old, some say you cannot give up politics, that you just cannot let go.|j say you cannot give up politics, that you just cannot let go. i want to give up politics, but seeing the way that najib razak was destroying the country, i would be irresponsible if i would think only about resting after retirement. the former malaysian prime minister talking to jonathan head. the disappointment is palpable, but archaeologists say they've found no evidence of a secret chamber inside the tomb of the boy king, tutankhamun. initial readings of radar imagery three years ago suggested there may have been a hidden
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cavity within the walls. that caused much excitement in the world of archaeology, and speculation that the room might be the final resting place of queen nefertiti. it was the theory which could have unlocked one of the great mysteries of egyptian archaeology. here in the valley of the kings, could there also be an elusive queen laid to rest? intense scrutiny centred around the burial chamber of the boy king tutankhamun after british archaeologist nicholas reeves suggested in 2015 that this could in fa ct suggested in 2015 that this could in fact be a tomb within a tomb, and hidden behind these decorated walls could be queen nefertiti. tutankhamun's tomb was uncovered in 1922 and was the most intact to ever be found in egypt. while it was smaller than the burial chambers of other kings, it was packed with
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treasures from the rich 18th dynasty, including the feral‘s golden death mask. the ancient discoveries captured the imagination of many, luring thousands to museums to see the artefacts on display. in more than 3000 years after his death, it made the young pharaoh famous. experts were divided over the recent hidden chamber theory, which egyptian officials said would have been the discovery of the century. but, alas, now three years later, an italian research team using new ground penetrating radar scans say they are confident there is no secret tomb behind these walls. the fact that we used the three radar systems was very important, because it allowed us to cross check the results, and also to resolve some complexity in the data which we found had probably affected
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the results of the two previous radars. the egyptian antiquities ministry says at least now they have a final answer. after other studies failed to reach conclusive results, so the young pharaoh rest alone, and one of the great mysteries of the past end—users. just time for a reminder of our top story — the iran nuclear deal. president trump tweeted this earlier. "i will be announcing my decision on the iran deal tomorrow from the white house at 2:00pm." i will be back at the same time tomorrow, i am i will be back at the same time tomorrow, iam karin i will be back at the same time tomorrow, i am karin giannone, goodbye. well, we certainly were incredibly lucky this early may bank holiday weekends to have such glorious weather across the uk. in some ways,
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a record breaker, with temperatures up a record breaker, with temperatures up to 28 in the south, a lot of sunshine across the uk, more cloud in the north, but even here plenty of sunny spells, and it is notjust us who saw high temperatures. france, germany, poland, the balkans, or seeing the mid or high 205. how about the rest of the week? we are going back to work on tuesday, most of us, cooler for many, but still going to get one more hot day across the east and the south—east. we are starting the day around tuesday morning with temperatures around 12—13d, but also a weather front approaching western areas of the uk, so belfast is in for some rain areas of the uk, so belfast is in forsome rain in areas of the uk, so belfast is in for some rain in the morning on tuesday, and then eventually it will reach western parts. possibly wales getting some rain too, but the south, the south—east, many of the eastern counties, a lot of bright weather, possibly a shower, look at
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these temperatures, 27 in london, still talking about the mid 205 in lincolnshire, another very warm day. that was tuesday, the middle part of the week, yet another area of low pressure m oves the week, yet another area of low pressure moves in, and other weather front, and we will see a succession of these weather fronts through this week, this is one moving through belfast during the morning and afternoon on wednesday, to the east and south the weather has the air coming from the south, relatively warm, so temperatures around 20 in london, above average. very fresh in belfast, only around 11 degrees. heading towards the end of the week, thursday now, this high pressure builds, and when that happens, the weather settles down, a window of better weather, one weather front approaching denmark, and other behind in the atlantic, we are in the middle, a ridge of high pressure with fine weather. but a fairly fresh day, 13 in belfast, around 17 expected in london, a little below parfor expected in london, a little below par for the expected in london, a little below parfor the time of expected in london, a little below par for the time of year. then that ridge of high pressure moves out
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into europe and is replaced by a low pressure, which looks as though it may be sitting on top of us through the course of the weekend, so friday is the transition day, fine southerlies with bright weather across the east, the weather front approaches, bringing rain to belfast, perhaps western part of wales, difficult to say when, the first of friday, we think. and then at the weekend progresses, this low pressure becomes slow—moving, it basically parks itself across the uk, and that means next weekend is looking hit and miss. we can't forget that at this time of year, evenin forget that at this time of year, even in the middle of low pressure, we can still get lots of fine weather, the sun comes out, it is strong, and despite lots of showers dotted around, it won't be a write—off, at least that is the current thinking. 13—16, on the cool side, if you are in the shade. with this low on sunday, it basically means no real changes expected. there is a change on the way, but not until next week, so high
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pressure looks as though once again it will be building, so possibly turning more settled again. the signs are that early next week a ridge of high pressure builds from the south, possibly from spain and portugal, sending warm air in our direction, but low pressure never far away from the north—west of the country. bye—bye. this is bbc news. the headlines. the foreign secretary is in washington in an attempt to stop president donald trump abandoning the iran nuclear deal. working with our european friends. we can be tougher on iran but not throw away the heart of the deal which is about stopping them getting a nuclear weapon. president trump says he'll make an announcement about the iran nuclear deal at seven o'clock tomorrow evening. the uk has its hottest early may bank holiday on record — hitting a high of 28.7 degrees celsius. just make the most of it
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because this incredible weather is unheard of this early in may. it was the beast from the east a few weeks ago
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