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tv   BBC News  BBC News  May 9, 2018 4:00am-4:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: president trump is pulling the us out of the iran nuclear deal, and says he will reimpose the highest—level sanctions on tehran. the fact is, this was a horrible, one—sided deal, that should have never, ever been made. it didn't bring calm, it didn't bring peace, and it never will. iran's president reacts with anger. he orders officials to prepare to restart enriching uranium, without limitations. france, germany and britain express regret. barack obama calls it a serious mistake. the eu's top diplomat says she is determined to preserve the deal. after april's surprise meeting, us secretary of state mike pompeo is back in north korea for more talks with kim jong—un. and champions of conservation. we meet the women protecting zimba bwe‘s wildlife. hello.
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president trump has withdrawn the united states from the international deal that limits iran's nuclear ambitions, ignoring the wishes of his european allies. they have expressed regret and say they will try to save it. israel and saudi arabia have praised mr trump's decision. the us is also reinstating the highest level of sanctions on iran. nick bryant reports from washington. with a flourish of his presidential pen, donald trump has inked into history one of the most muscular pledges from his "america first" campaign, one that delivers a potentially fatal blow to the signature foreign policy achievement of his predecessor, barack obama, one that could put the united states on a collision course with iran.
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the fact is, this was a horrible, one—sided deal, that should have never, ever been made. it didn't bring calm, it didn't bring peace, and it never will. therefore, i am announcing today that the united states will withdraw from the iran nuclear deal. in one of his toughest speeches yet, he said he would reimpose the highest level of economic sanctions against tehran. america will not be held hostage to nuclear blackmail. we will not allow american cities to be threatened with destruction, and we will not allow a regime that chants "death to america" to gain access to the most deadly weapons on earth. today's action sends a critical message. the united states no longer makes empty threats. when i make promises, i keep them. the nuclear deal was struck in 2015 between iran and six world powers, including the us, uk and russia.
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iran agreed to limit its controversial nuclear energy programme, which international powers feared could lead to the development of a nuclear weapon. in return, stringent economic sanctions were lifted, enabling iran to sell more oil to other countries and trade more efficiently. iran's president, hassan rouhani, deliberate an almost instantaneous response, saying his country was preparing to restart uranium enrichment, key for making both nuclear energy and weapons. translation: i have ordered the atomic energy organisation of iran to be ready to start the enrichment of uranium at industrial levels. we will wait a few weeks and speak with our allies. all depends on our national interests. european architects of the deal, present at its creation three years ago, tonight gave a very grim—faced response. the european union is determined to act in accordance
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with its security interests, and to protect its economic investments. the nuclear deal with iran is the culmination of 12 years of diplomacy. it belongs to the entire international community. it has been working, and it is delivering on its goal, which is guaranteeing that iran doesn't develop nuclear weapons. but praise from america's closest middle east ally. israel thanks president trump for his courageous leadership, his commitment to confront the terrorist regime in tehran, and his commitment to ensure that iran never gets nuclear weapons, not today, not in a decade, not ever. from barack obama tonight, a rare public rebuke of his successor. he called mr trump's decision misguided, and a serious mistake. this will make america much safer. but donald trump is unapologetic. for him it is promise made, promise kept. in tehran, there was an immediate and angry reaction from
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president hassan rouhani. he said iran would respect the deal for now, and consult with the other world powers who signed it. but he ordered officials to get ready to start enriching uranium again, at industrial levels. this from our chief international correspondent lyse doucet. the evening news from tehran — state tv‘s most important headline in years. trump withdraws from the nuclear deal. moments later, president rouhani's turn, flanked by men who spent years negotiating this landmark accord. translation: from this moment on, the nuclear agreement is between iran and five other countries. and in these circumstances, we have to wait to see how the five other countries will react.
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iran's next step depends on europe. we need to make sure that europeans are going to deliver. they are not going to go beyond the jcpoa right away, but i am 100% sure, if europe cannot deliver, then that will be an entirely different scenario. nearly three years ago, iranians celebrated the end of sanctions, the start of a new relationship with the west. it didn't last long. the iranian real fell to near—record lows against the dollar. we expected this to happen, this man says on state tv. in or out of the deal — what difference does it make? even hard—liners who opposed the deal might rally around the president, for now. the united states doesn't understand, he is bringing together political opponents in the iranian
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system, and he is bringing them together on the wrong side of engagement, and he's going to promote their ideas, hardline ideas of resistance, and that is going to be provocational, and also detrimental for iran's future domestic politics. the other impact will be in the region. there is one line in this deal which speaks of hope that it will positively contribute to peace and security in the region. but, as the deal unravels, the fear is regional tensions will now escalate, especially with iran's growing influence everywhere from iraq through syria to lebanon, along israel's border. and tonight, that tension is mounting. israel is braced for possible iranian retaliation after recent air strikes in syria, a conflict which intensifies just as a deal meant to prevent up war seems be falling apart. well, joining me now live from jerusalem is anshel pfeffer, correspondent in israel
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for haaretz and the economist. i don't make a habit of plucking people's books, but the fact you have a biography right now out on benjamin netanyahu is directly releva nt. benjamin netanyahu is directly relevant. it does seem that donald trump has moved significantly closer to the israeli prime minister's view of the world. yes, the president of the united states has basically endorsed neta nyahu's doctrine the united states has basically endorsed netanyahu's doctrine in the region. it is now american policy, for the first time. and what does that mean? what is the impact of that? well, netanyahu has obviously been the main critic of the iran deal, even before, long before, it was signed three years ago, he claimed it was possible to demand and to receive a much stronger deal, which would hold iran to much higher standards, which would force iran to dismantle, not just put standards, which would force iran to dismantle, notjust put it
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centrifuged in storage, but actually dismantle the programme. would set a much further deadline, basically indefinite, for the deal, and would basically make iran totally abandon its nuclear programme. now, what netanyahu its nuclear programme. now, what neta nyahu has always its nuclear programme. now, what netanyahu has always said is possible will finally be tested. and this is the situation we're in now. basically donald trump has said i am to a cce pt basically donald trump has said i am to accept what netanyahu has always said, that the better deal is possible, that iran will agree to it if we carry on sanctioning it, if we basically return to sanctions, and this is going to be tested now. and do you think that is likely? what do you think will happen? well, obviously the iranians are saying, no way, we will only agree to the original agreement. no way, we will only agree to the originalagreement. both no way, we will only agree to the original agreement. both netanyahu and trump are banking on the fact that the current financial crisis in iran will force the iranians' hand. it will take months before we have an answer whether this is at all
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possible. what do you think about the longer term? in effect, syria is already at war with iran. the un's new national security adviser, john bolton, said he was last in office, has talked very often and very publicly about war with iran being likely that make the us‘s. is it likely? well, there is already in many ways a war between israel and iraq. on syrian soil we have seen in the last few months a number of israeli air strikes against iranian bases. we saw three months ago an attempt by iran to launch a drone into israeli airspace, so this shadow war which has basically existed between israel and iran for nearly four decade since the iranian revolution has now come out into the open on israeli soil. this has happened without, or simultaneous, to the issue of the iran deal, which was only focused on nuclear issues. that was always one the big wea knesses that was always one the big weaknesses of the iran deal. it did
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not deal with anything beyond the technical aspects of arms control. its critics said that, without addressing other issues of iranian influence in the region, the deal was useless. its supporters said that the deal was a step towards addressing those issues. now we see both of those issues almost colliding together at the same time, and neta nyahu believes colliding together at the same time, and netanyahu believes that with more pressure on iran, progress can be made in both ways. and like i say, we will have to wait and see if this new neta nyahu say, we will have to wait and see if this new netanyahu doctrine can actually work. thank you very much. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news: malaysians are voting following one of the most hotly contested general election campaigns in the country's history. an opposition coalition now headed by the 92—year—old former prime minister mahathir mohamad is hoping to win power for the first time since independence, 61 years ago. the current leader, najib razak was once mentored by mr mahathir. the democratic republic of congo has declared a new outbreak of ebola
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in the north—west of the country. tests have confirmed two deaths from the disease so far, but other cases are suspected. the world health organization says a team of experts is on its way to the affected area. the man who led weeks of protests in armenia has addressed his supporters in the capital, yerevan, as prime minister. nikol pashinyan promised human rights would be protected, and that corruption and election—rigging would end. the film director roman polanski is threatening to sue the oscars academy over its decision to expel him for misconduct. polanski fled the us in 1978 after pleading guilty to unlawful sex with a teenager. his lawyer says the academy‘s actions are in breach of its own procedures and california law. scientists in indonesia have become
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the biggest study so far into the impact of tiny plastic particles on human health. they're investigating the presence of microplastics in seafood and tracking the diets of 2,000 people. our science editor, david shukman, has been to semarang on the north coast ofjava in indonesia, one of the countries worst hit by plastic pollution. a journey through the mangrove swamps on the coast of indonesia. indonesia sends huge volumes of plastic into the ocean. only china releases more. there is so much, it jams our boat's propeller. the problem is that, when plastic flows down the rivers and reaches the ocean, it doesn't just disappear. what happens is that the plastic breaks down into ever smaller fragments, what are called microplastics. so, even though there is an effort to clear up, the legacy of plastic continues. so we head to the local fish farms, because research in britain shows that microplastics can get into seafood.
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ijoin scientist inneke hantoro as she investigates a key question — whether eating plastic is harmful. we eat the fish every day, and we don't want to get plastic into our body due to eating the fish. so we want to see whether it is safe enough to eat the fish. a microscope shows a plastic fragment found in seafood. it is a couple of millimetres long. scientists want to establish a safe level for microplastics. in case we later find out that they are harmful. it is not a problem that many here have heard of. in a local market, i ask this fish seller if she realises that her fish might contain microplastics. "it's impossible," she says, "because the seafood is fresh." "my fish are clean." but, as she is talking, plastic waste is being stuffed into bins right behind her.
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up the road, this factory uses plastic in all its packaging. a lot of it is bound to end up in the rivers and the oceans. but the boss here says he wants to prevent that. so he is sponsoring classes in how to make what are called eco—bricks. people are taught to take old bottles and cram all kinds of plastic waste inside them. and when the bottles are glued together, they can make furniture, or even walls. we can stop the plastic from going into our environment. at least to trap it, so it doesn't cause pollution? exactly. ultimately, plastic is going to keep accumulating and entering the ocean unless two key things happen. setting up a proper system for handling waste, and also seeing a complete change of attitude among people, businesses and the authorities.
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and, even if the larger pieces are cleared up, the microplastics will drift around for decades. david shukman, bbc news, indonesia. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: champions of conservation. we meet the women protecting zimba bwe's wildlife. i, nelson rolihlahla mandela, do hereby swear to be faithful to the republic of south africa. after six years of construction and numerous delays, the channel tunnel has been formally opened by the queen and president mitterrand. but the tunnel is still not yet ready for passengers and freight services to begin. for centuries, christianity and islam struggled for supremacy. now, the pope's visit symbolises their willingness to coexist. roger bannister became the first man in the world to run a mile in underfour minutes.
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memories of victory, as the ve celebrations reach their climax. this night is dedicated to everyone who believes in a future of peace and freedom. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: donald trump pulls the united states out of the iran nuclear deal, calling it defective to its core. the eu says it's determined to preserve the agreement, but iran has insisted it could start enriching uranium without limitations. america's top diplomat is in north
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korea to prepare for donald trump's proposed summit with kim jong—un. mr pompeo said his aim was to set out the conditions to ensure north korea gave up its nuclear weapons. our correspondent, stephen mcdonell, is in seoul. it looks as if true stories are developing there? absolutely, the united states secretary of state, mike pompeo, is as we speak at a hotel having talks with the north koreans aimed at making these preparations more solid for the upcoming meeting between us president donald trump and north korea's leader, kim jong—un. president donald trump and north korea's leader, kimjong—un. the other possibility is that he might actually bring home with him those three american korean detainees who's been held in north korea. i think the trump administration would see that as quite a coup if they could get off the plane with him and it could be revealed to the public
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as an achievement. but here in south korea there is some concern today because people here have been counting on that summit to bring about genuine steps towards north korea giving up its nuclear weapons. i think people are now worried that people are more or less pulling out of the iran north nuclear deal will worry the north koreans. in pyongyang kim jong—un might say how can we rely on any promises made by washington that you'll do this or you will do that in order for us to give up our nuclear weapons, because we've seen what you've done with iran, that deal couldn't be relied on so who's to say a future american president, for example, could come along and say we're not bound by that promise, wasn't made by me. a lot of pressure on here. there was quite some optimism weeks ago that this was almost a done deal, the north koreans were going to give up their nuclear weapons. i think the mood here today is, well, much more
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of uncertainty on that front. more on that a little later, stephen, but for now, thank you very much. zimbabwe has a new weapon in the fight against poaching, a highly—trained group of women is taking on the criminals. poaching is threatening wildlife in zimbabwe and other countries in east and southern africa. shingai nyoka travelled to the north of the country to find out what happens when women take the lead in conservation. for decades, this was a man's job. physically gruelling foot patrols, tracking groups of poachers armed and ready to kill. it's dangerous work. this area was once used for trophy hunting. bad management and poaching saw game numbers plummet. these women are working to revive it and protecting the 100 square mile reserve is a big ask. the privately—funded project is managed by a former special forces soldier. more aggression this time! long—term solutions involve winning the hearts and minds
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of the community, and the most effective way to do that is through the women. are you scared? totally. tonight, their training is being tested. following a tip—off, they are sweeping this village in door—to—door raids. these women are at the forefront of policing their own communities and they've just arrested the fourth suspect in what they believe to be a commercial poaching syndicate. a major coup. they have netted a wanted ivory poacher. he's laterjailed for nine years for poisoning elephants with cyanide. the unit's success hasn't gone unnoticed. so inspired by these women, president mnangagwa's daughter, tariro, signed up to be a volunteer ranger. conservation is going to play a huge role in saying that zimbabwe
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is open for business. i think this is going to be key to seeing tourism being reignited in our nation. the project plans to roll out more women—only reserves around the country. it's become powerful idea, putting women in charge of zimba bwe's wildlife. to reform a sector blighted by scandal and corruption, perhaps just the fresh start the country needs. shingai nyoka, bbc news, northern zimbabwe. another passenger bus has caught fire and exploded in the heart of rome, sending a plume of black smoke over the city centre. the bus stopped near the trevi fountain, and driver and passengers all managed to escape before the flames took hold.
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it's just the latest in a number of incidents, raising more questions about the state of public transport in the italian capital. facebook has banned foreign advertising linked to ireland's referendum on liberalising its abortion laws. there's been concern that campaigns by well—funded american groups could swing the vote. facebook is saying it wants to protect elections and referendums from undue influence. baseball, that most traditionally american of sports, has announced plans to play two regular season games here in london next year. the boston red sox and the new york yankees will come to the uk injune, following the path already laid by american football, basketball and ice hockey. earlier i spoke to craig calcaterra, baseball writer for nbc sports about the decision to play these matches in london. visa to games in the middle ofjune, which is the height of the major league baseball season, they most definitely count. basically presumably it's about money? absolutely, major league baseball has seen what the national football league has done in the uk, seen what basketball has done internationally,
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particularly in europe, and wants a little bit of that money for itself as well. i realise obviously these are very big deal clubs in baseball, why these two specific clubs doing this? the new york yankees and the boston red sox are the two most storeyed franchises in major league baseball, they probably have the biggest stars in baseball right now and as it's currently going there the two best teams in baseball and probably will be as well next year. it doesn't hurtjohn henry, the owner of the boston red sox, owns liverpool in the premier league and he wants a bit of synergy across the pond. how do red sox fans feel about losing a couple of games in boston? they are a bit ambivalent, everyone wa nts they are a bit ambivalent, everyone wants home games, especially against their embittered rival the new york yankees but for the most part eve ryo ne yankees but for the most part everyone will be ok about it. this isa everyone will be ok about it. this is a big stage for a rival often seen as provincial and local and to go international will feed the egos of boston and new york baseball fans like nothing else. generally how do
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american fans feel about this? i know american baseball is a big deal injapan, korea and latin america, how do they feel about it coming to the uk? i think they're a bit confused about major league baseball coming to the uk, it's not big in europe, it's only started to make inroads in the netherlands and italy but they are most concerned that you think our national pastime is a little bit silly! briefly, a bit of high culture, picasso... ‘le marin' is expected to fetch 70 million dollars at auction in new york. it's a self—portrait and just one work of art going up for sale from the rockefeller collection, thought to be the biggest single private collection to come under the hammer. all the proceeds, expected to be more than $500 million, will to go charity much more on the bbc website any time. thank you for watching. hello. wednesday gets off to a fine start for many of us but for some it's not going to last as we get rain
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heading in from the west. we saw a weather system move through on tuesday. this one here, the leading edge of cooler air so things cool down for many. not quite into east anglia and the south—east of england, but in the day ahead, that process is complete. low pressure to the north—west of us and that's feeding in cooler, fresher conditions across all parts, and a bit of rain, as i mentioned, coming into the west. although most will start fine and dry for the morning, single—figure temperatures under clear skies but some in east and south—east england still around 10 or possibly 11 degrees. your eyes will be drawn to this weather system that will soon in the morning turn things wetter into northern ireland, into western scotland, the wind picking up as well, quite gusty into the western isles but it's really coming in very slowly so a lot of cloud increases ahead of that. many will be staying dry even on into the afternoon, particularly across eastern parts of the uk, and still some sunny spells into east anglia
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and south—east england, but temperatures here down significantly compared with recent days. that's how we end the afternoon. going into the evening, some of us will be getting a wet evening rush—hour. some heavy bursts affecting western parts of scotland beginning to pull away from the western isles, patchy in nature to the east of scotland, not much into north—east england and clearing from northern ireland some will get the sun coming back before the end of the day, but more of wales and western england starting to get outbreaks of rain pushing into parts of the midlands too. much of eastern england will be dry and once this weather system crosses all parts, wednesday night into thursday morning, there isn't a huge amount of rain left on it. after the heat of the recent days if you want something on the garden, i think you're going to be disappointed. dry weather on thursday. there'll be a few showers developing, though, particularly into scotland, maybe the odd heavy one with a rumble of thunder. northern ireland and northern
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england, the rest of england and for much of wales, it is looking dry, variable cloud and sunny spells. on the breezy side, if anything it's a little bit cooler still and some of us for the rest of the week towards in the north—west of the uk in particular will find temperatures below average for the time of year. another fine start for much of the uk on friday, but then we see another weather system gathering out to the west. the winds picking up ahead of that. while many on friday will stay dry, some will start to the outbreaks of rain. some uncertainty about the timing of this and the progression north—eastwards, so we will keep you updated, and temperatures still none too special. that's it for now. goodbye. this is bbc news. the headlines: president trump is withdrawing the united states from the international agreement that limits iran's nuclear ambitions, ignoring the wishes of his european allies. he claimed it was a horrible deal that should never have been done. he is also reimposing the highest possible level of sanctions against tehran. an angry response from the iranian president,
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hassan rouhani, who has ordered his officials to be ready to restart the enrichment of uranium at industrial levels. but he says he is reaching out to the other world powers who signed the deal to see if they can keep it in place. efforts are underway to strike a different nuclear deal, this time with north korea. after meeting china's president, kim jong—un is set for more talks with the us secretary of state. mike pompeo has arrived in pyongyang to prepare for the release of three american prisoners and prepare for a summit with president trump. now on bbc news, hardtalk.
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