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tv   BBC News  BBC News  May 16, 2018 8:00pm-9:01pm BST

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this is bbc news. i'm shaun ley. the headlines at eight the government brings rail services on the troubled east coast main line from london to edinburgh back under public control. i think it's a good idea, the people who have run and in the past have been pretty useless. all people really wa nt been pretty useless. all people really want is good service and that things are a corporate culture gone rotten, mps deliver withering criticism of the collapsed construction giant carillion. donald trump says he doesn't know if his planned summit with kim jong—un will go ahead. north korea has threatened to pull out over us pressure to give up its nuclear weapons. also in the next hour, new pages are discovered from the diary of anne frank, the schoolgirl who hid from the nazis in an attic in amsterdam. anne hid the pages, which contain some of her thoughts on sex, underneath gummed brown paper. laurel, laurel, laurel and what do you hear, laurel or yanny?
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it's the sound clip that is dividing social media. we'll have all the details shortly. good evening and welcome to bbc news. the government is to take the east coast rail line back under public control, for the time being. the contract to run the london to edinburgh line was given to stagecoach and virgin trains for 8 years in 2014, but they have been losing millions of pounds. it's the third time in just over ten years that ministers have called a halt to the east coast franchise. labour, which supports renationalisation, called the government's handling of the railways calamitous. simonjones reports.
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it's the end of the line for virgin trains east coast. services will now be brought back under public control. i will terminate virgin trains east coast contract on the 24th ofjune 2018. i plan to use a period of operator of last resort control to shape the new partnership. so on the same day, we will start with the launch of the new long—term brand for the east coast mainline through the re—creation of one of britain's iconic rail brands, the london north eastern railway, the lner. the east coast line operates on routes totalling 936 miles from london to peterborough to edinburgh line which has been run by a joint—venture between stagecoach and virgin. they bid a lot of money to run the service until 2023. but the government says the companies got their numbers wrong and have lost almost £200 million. it's the third time in just over a decade that it has been forced to call a halt to the east coast franchise. gner were stripped of the route
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in 2007 after its parent company suffered financial difficulties. national express withdrew in 2009. the announcement today is yet another monumental misjudgement to add to a growing list of miscalculations by this secretary of state. stagecoach said it was surprised and disappointed after failing to negotiate a new deal. the website for its successor, london and north eastern railway, is already up and running, it aims to reassure passengers that theirjourneys will not affected. i think it's a good idea. the people who are running it in the past have been pretty useless. and it cost them a lot of money, they never get the sums right. they don't seem to be able to add up. i think i'm happy the way it is. i don't know, things tend to slip sometimes they get into government control. all everybody wants his good service and to pay something the things the right price for it.
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the government believes longer term the way forward is a partnership between public and private sectors. many want to know after so many failures is who can make a success of this line both financially and for travellers. simon jones, bbc news. with us now, adrian quine, a rail expert and analyst who has written a report calling for more competition in uk rail services. and suppose there will be people saying that there is more competition, after seeing the mess we've had. three times the government has stepped in because it apparently, the companies have not been able to run it both profitably for them and successfully for the community. at its two issues, the 0regon argument on whether nothing should be privatised. it's a oversimplistic argument. the private sector at the moment has very little control over what it delivers. everything is dictated by the demand
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for transport. so effectively what we have is a public—sector contract delivered by the private sector. but the only way you will drive down costs a nd the only way you will drive down costs and get the real efficiencies, and this only works on intercity lines, if the pc head—to—head competition. that does not mean to say that we're going to see what should need competition on a rural lines. they generate and support the economy and generate jobs. lines. they generate and support the economy and generatejobs. but lines. they generate and support the economy and generate jobs. but on intercity routes, they to change the mall limited does not work. and effect you're saying that we need, need a free—market think tank and it's very interesting these kinds of issuesis it's very interesting these kinds of issues is that effectively saying, that model did not work, we won't go back to where we were pre—1987, the early 90s with the traumatization under the government, we will have a new model. we will do that to the
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big cities, direct lines, everything else would be some kind of subsidized version. because you're still subsidizing 4 billion billion—a—year? still subsidizing 4 billion billion-a-year? we had to find the most appropriate financial model for the constituents. it is very easy to just put them all in one box and say everything is the same. they're not. a root in the heart of yorkshire is very different than london. in terms of the business model, from intercity route. so primarily what we do is that we look at the social ra i lwa ys we do is that we look at the social railways and said that they are protected, you keep that service and go one further, you try to encourage greater integration to get more. on intercity routes, these are much more commercial models and you would end up with a much, where there has been competition on the east coast main line, we've seen tears fall —— bears fault. it is not a franchise operated, the
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trouble is the model at the moment does not work because you two competing models. virgin about theirgame, virgin about their game, the customer service virgin about their game, the customer service standards are considerably better than the the west. 0n the west, they are not good at all. on the east the are very good. and i—act a bit and then found they could not sustain the data they made. i think what's happened is that there's been an element of to be in the game, you've got to bed. and there's been a sort of frenzy around bidding for too long. there's been too much emphasis placed on doing it in the cheapest possible way if you were playing the most
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maximum sort of premium. if you're profitable franchise, what needs to happen and what is happening, is there needs to be greater focus on quality rather than simply doing get the cheapest price or most expensive. : for more competition on uk rail services. thank you for being with us. 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg has been speaking to the transport secretary, we'll have that interview for you after eight thirty. and we'll find out how this story, and many others, are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:40 this evening in the papers. 0ur guestsjoining me tonight are james rampton, features writer for the independent and baroness newlove, the conservative peer and victims commissioner. mps have published a damning report into the collapse of the construction and services company carillion. they said senior executives had presided over a rotten corporate culture, and they accused them of greed and recklessness. they also called for a potential break—up of the big four audit firms, after they waved through the company's accounts.
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simon gompertz reports. birmingham's new super hospital, construction at a standstill. this is the continuing blight from carillion, which today's report says was a giant and unsustainable time bomb, condemned by a rotten corporate culture and led by directors too busy stuffing their mouths with gold. the longer this lies abandoned, the more the weather gets in, the higher the cost of restarting. it could be delayed by three years. it was heartbreaking more than anything, because i had to tell guys they had to go home that day... james was a subcontractor at the hospital, who lost £200,000 to carillion. seeing the report, he fears for the industry he works in. it's very upsetting to think this actually goes on and is probably still going on. in other companies? in other companies, which is obviously going to make us very wary and it's going to make other companies very wary of working for bigger companies in the future. blamed by mps for what happened to james and others, richard howson, the chief executive with a strategy described as doomed to fail.
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finance director, richard adam, called the architect of aggressive accounting policies, an accusation he rejects. and chairman, philip green, said to be delusional, which he says is inaccurate. they had more concerns for their own pay bonuses and dividend pay—outs than they did for running the company in a way that would generate jobs and investment and growth. the mps are scathing about the auditors. kpmg, which signed off the accounts, was complicit and complacent. deloitte, didn't identify terminal failings. ey was paid millions for failed turnaround advice. criticisms they all reject. the standstill at this hospital project, the lay—offs, the losses for suppliers, they have prompted mps to demand tougher regulation and a look up breaking up the big for auditing firms, what they call a, cosy cloud. it was very shocking...
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jay, who was 17, lost his apprenticeship in birmingham when carillion went under. we're always going to be thinking now, is this going to happen to us again? are we just going to be completely left out to hang in the dry again? so yeah, it's worrying for all of us, not just us apprentices, but the lads who are working on site as well. jay's city is left without its new hospital may be for years. there's now a challenge to build safeguards so people like him can work with confidence in the industries where carillion is history. simon gompertz, bbc news, birmingham president trump has said "we'll have to see" if the nuclear summit with north korea is still on next month. his comments follow pyongyang's threat to cancel the meeting if the us continues to push it to get rid of its nuclear weapons. mr trump today said he would continue to insist that north korea disarms. from south korea, laura bicker reports. the historic moment between the leaders of north and south korea is now so cherished that hundreds are queueing up to recreate it on a fake film set.
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but hopes for peace are now on hold as this diplomatic drama has taken a more hostile turn. pyongyang's threatening to withdraw from talks if the us pushes them into a corner of abandoning nuclear weapons. they've partly been angered by this annual military drill, dubbed 0peration max thunder. it involves 100 warplanes, and pyongyang described it as a deliberate provocation. they also object to the idea that they should follow the example of gaddafi, who voluntarily gave up his weapons 15 years ago. his regime was overthrown and he was killed in 2011. and they take aim at donald trump's hawkish adviser. i think we're looking at the libya model of 2003—200a. they described him as repugnant. pyongyang may feel it's making concessions, such as returning
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the three us detainees, and getting very little back. they're irritated by the trump administration's boasts that the president brought kim jong—un to the negotiating table. but there is still hope for a deal, if the us is willing to listen. the korean statement did not say "we refuse to denuclearise". it said "we're not going to denuclearise "if it's you holding a gun to our head". it was "there's a way we're willing to do this, and it has to be reciprocal". the root of the problem is the definition of denuclearisation. to the us, it means north korea should give up all of its weapons over a set period of time and then, only then, will they receive economic benefits. to pyongyang, it means denuclearising the entire peninsula. that means the us has to act too, perhaps getting rid of some troops here in south korea, or getting rid of the nuclear protection it places over the peninsula. regardless of how far all sides have come in such a short time, the last 2a hours
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have been a reminder that this decades—old problem will have no quick or easy solution. laura bicker, bbc news, seoul. 0ur correspondent barbara plett usher is in washington. what messages are coming out from the white house? are they panicking yet from this thread, or the treating is predictable? neither actually. they seem to be treating it in actually. they seem to be treating itina actually. they seem to be treating it in a very cautious way. i think they don't know quite how to read it. president trump was saying, we don't know if it will happened. we will see if it will happen. we did not get a notification or anything official. basically admitting that he cannot say for sure if the summit would go ahead, because he didn't quite know how to read what was coming out of north korea. the national security adviser did think that the odds were that it would
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happen. but he cannot say that for sure either. there was an expectation that there will be bumps along the road, because nobody be dealing with some tough issues, the closer you get to deal with those issues, the sharper and the folks they get. and there are different ways of looking at the key elements, what to do with north korea's nuclear weapons. and he said, that he had a long conversation with kim jong—un on us expectations were. and the white house thought that had been conveyed. and there have been very strong and unusual term offence by kimjong—un, very strong and unusual term offence by kim jong—un, although very strong and unusual term offence by kimjong—un, although it may have been expectation of bumps along the road, i think they were taken aback by the sudden shift in tone. they're trying to figure out what it means. we don't have kind of a definite on what will happen when the two men meet, but the press secretary was saying, we could all be confident that donald trump is the great
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negotiators, but this is a great challenge, especially for someone who's coming into this live relatively recently. it is a big challenge and get in the think also it's of north korea experts and former negotiators who have been saying the same thing. a very detailed negotiation that will require a variety of things, are you going to verify the dismantling of nuclear weapons? how does that happen? a lot of comic details and questions as to whether or not president trump, what set of grass pea has or style very much depends on his personality and going into a room and lay down the rules or terms somebody, orfeel his room and lay down the rules or terms somebody, or feel his way. room and lay down the rules or terms somebody, orfeel his way. he's quite eager to get into the room with kimjong—un, quite eager to get into the room with kim jong—un, despite all that surrounds what might be necessary for a successful deal. at the same time, his advisers as i mentioned,
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also the secretary of state, tend to be quite hawkish on foreign policy towards north korea in the evidence dressing although long that they don't want to repeat the mistakes of the past when north korea would make promises that these detailed negotiations and did then reneged on them and go nowhere. so they have taken quite a hard line on how to approach it, saying that they would not give sanctions and there until they will remove the nuclear weapons. and north koreans are reacting saying, this‘ll be a back—and—forth and a give—and—take. so we will see how they handle that, but yes, it is always going to be a complex issue and with president trump at the head of it, it is added a sense of uncertainty. reviewing small taste of the apprentice. thank you very much. the headlines on bbc news: the troubled east coast main line,
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back on the public control. the corporate culture gone rotten, mps deliver criticism on the construction giant. donald trump does not know of his planned summit with kimjong—un trump does not know of his planned summit with kim jong—un will go ahead. sport now...and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's azi farni. england managed to pick a team for russia 2018, with the third youngest tea m russia 2018, with the third youngest team to ever lined up at a world cup. they revealed guilty 23 man squad across all social media platforms. it shows groups of teenagers up and down the country calling that the name of each player
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that has made the cut, with the average age of 26 and 18 days, only the 1958 in 2006 squads, were younger than this one. here it is, a defence looking team, as well as manchester city, adrian and named after a season on crystal palace. and leads the line with arsenal standing back also named in a team characterised by you. third youngest world cup squad in england. there is ple nty world cup squad in england. there is plenty of, the first thing you know is that it is very versatile, a variety of different positions, because you never know in a world cup, who gets injuries, who will withdraw, so it's about getting the blend right to start with. players
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will come in different positions and do well. the experience. plenty of players have been giving their reactions on social media, first trent alexander arnold tweeted a picture of him playing for england a few years ago saying that he has dreamed of going to the tournament since he was a kid. marcus with a message to his mum, who's going to ta ke message to his mum, who's going to take out to the tournament and russia. ashley, pictured as a youngster which may have well been a prediction and kyle will be on the plane too despite initially missing the call from the manager. ray wilson, a member of 1966 world cup winning squad has died at the age of 83. he overcame west germany and that final at wembley stadium. he spent most of his career before
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moving to everton, where he won the 1966 cup. deb and two high profile managerial changes and this afternoon, he has left his job as manager of west ham, replaced early in the season, the only decide a short—term deal which expired yesterday. west ham have confirmed that he won't be carrying on despite steering the cloud to premier league safety. they've also confirmed that he has left his position at everton, the former england, he leaves despite having signed a deal until next summer. it is likely that he will be replaced by the former boss. he is playing tonight in the second leg of the league1 playoff semifinals and it is currently goalless, with around half an hour plate. the first leg finished 2—2.
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in the final at wembley on may 27. and the europa league final, madrid area and the europa league final, madrid are a goal and the europa league final, madrid area goalup and the europa league final, madrid are a goal up against marseille, after 21 minutes. british number one, through to the third round of the italian open, over an hour to beat her in straight sets, some revenge for last year's french open where she beat her in three sets in the first round. she will now face the first round. she will now face the open champion and the next round. meanwhile pretend's men's number one, has taken the first set co mforta bly number one, has taken the first set comfortably has just gotten under way. that is all the sport for now,
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i will have more and half past ten. three—year—old princess charlotte will be one of six young bridesmaids at the wedding of prince harry and meghan markle, kensington palace has said. her elder brother, prince george, aged four, will be a pageboy alongside three other young boys. so far, the details of the bridesmaids‘ dresses and the pageboys‘ uniforms remain under wraps. ms markle, 36, will not have a maid of honour as she wanted to avoid choosing just one of her closest friends. a petition signed by 32,000 people who oppose taxpayers' money picture of the queen's coronation. i wonder what mischief those friends will be up to. a petition signed by 32,000 people who oppose taxpayers' money being spent on the royal wedding has been handed to mps this evening. the petition is organised by republic, a campaign group who want to see the monarchy replaced with an elected head of state. a yougov poll shows 57% think the royals should foot the whole bill, including security and policing. the leader of unite,
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labour's largest and most powerful trade union affiliate, has condemned mps he called stale corbyn haters, and urged local activists to sack them as candidates for parliament. he also dismissed suggestions that jeremy corbyn had been soft on anti—semitism as grossly unfair. he's been speaking to our deputy political editor, john pienaar. jeremy corbyn hot spots has been under a lot of pressure, mp's i consider themselves moderate. do these people started place in the labour party? i suppose that is up to them. the reality is that my criticism of notches moderates but right wing labourmps,
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criticism of notches moderates but right wing labour mps, they want to criticise corbyn on anything, it's the first thing they do in the morning. when they wake up is say, what can we have a go atjeremy on today? that devalues them, it also drowns out legitimate concerns, but it does not enhance labour‘s chances of winning the next election. it does not enhance labour‘s chances of winning the next electionm there are local parties decide to kick them out in of the candidate, would you back that?” kick them out in of the candidate, would you back that? i certainly wouldn't stop it. but would you supported was yellow labour mps over a number of years have become a little stale in terms of accountability. they have thatjob like they have thatjob for life and don't need to respond to anyone. but people have to respond to their
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local party members. and local party members decide that they don't represent them any more, and don't use the proper procedures then they should leave and i won't cry over it. white nike would say good riddance bush when it was that a political smear? it was for people to blame corbyn. jeremy corbyn has opposed anti—semitism all of life. someone was highly respected has a history of liberty and fighting for human rights issues in opposing racism, and then very speedily asking him to produce a report, which he did, if very good report and if they would chance to read it, and that report
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and recommendation should've been implemented immediately. but that wouldn't two years on. google recently saying, the last four weeks, the previous general secretary did in the last two years. yet ask yourself the question, why was that? it is my personal beliefs, that there was deliberate by forces inside labour party headquarters who deliberately slow down the process so that corbyn could be blamed. detectives investigating the murder of eighty—five year—old woman at an address in romford, east london yesterday evening have named the victim as rosina coleman. the metropolitan police have described the attack as a cowardly assault. a probe into allegations commons speakerjohn bercow bullied members of staff has been blocked by mps. the commons standards committee voted three to two against allowing parliament's watchdog to investigate the claims. tory mp andrew bridgen had asked
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parliamentary commissioner for standards, kathryn stone, to investigate whether mr bercow had broken the mps' code of conduct. mr bercow emphatically denies the allegations an nhs trust has issued a public apology to the family of a woman who went missing from a mental—health hospital before she was found dead in a burnt—out car. having been killed. the body of janet muller, a 21—year—old german national, was found near horsham in march 2015. christopherjeffrey—shaw from south london, was laterjailed for 17 years for her manslaughter. speaking on behalf of sussex partnership nhs trust, the chief executive, sam allen apologised unreservedly. she said words of apology from me cannot bring janet back. janet did not receive the care she should have from us. we did not recognise the extent of her desire to leave hospital, manage the risk of this happening or keep her clinical records up to date. we failed in our duty of care to janet, for which i am truly sorry. let's ta ke
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let's take a look at the weather. generally speaking block of dry weather. some dry weather at times, but today was a little bit cloudy for many, that is the weather watcher for the area, it seems southwards today, breaking up all the while. so will be left with clear spells. you can see from the clear spells. you can see from the clear blue bits of the chart, that could even be a touch of brass frost. so it will be a chilly start, but a bright start and we are expecting large amounts of sunshine to ta ke expecting large amounts of sunshine to take us through the day. a bit patchy fairweather here and there. although still a bit breezy, close to some of those north sea coasts and don't expect a heat get out the
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breeze and doesn't sunshine 15 to 18 degrees won't feel too bad. the wedding should be fine and dry with sunny skies and highs of 20 degrees. this is bbc news. our latest headlines: rail services on the east coast main line are being brought back under government control for the third time injust over a decade, in an attempt to stop heavy financial losses. "a story of recklessness and greed." mps have blasted the bosses of the outsourcing company carillion for presiding over its collapse.
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donald trump says he doesn't know whether his planned summit with kim jong—un will go ahead. it comes after north korea's leader threatened to cancel over us pressure to give up its nuclear weapons. in a moment, new technology uncovers extra pages from the diary of anne frank, the schoolgirl who hid from the nazis in an attic in amsterdam. more now on north korea, which has threatened to cancel next month's summit with president trump if washington continues to insist it give up its nuclear weapons unilaterally. earlier, it pulled out of talks planned for this week with south korea, in protest at the resumption ofjoint military exercises with the us. earlier, donald trump was asked about the summit but he didn't have much to say. we haven't seen anything, we haven't heard anything. we will see what happens. donald trump there.
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i'm joined now by ambassador christopher hill, a former us ambassador to south korea. in 2009, he was also head of the us delegation to the six party talks — aimed at ending north korea's nuclear program through negotiations involving china, the united states, north and south korea, japan and russia. it's a bit of an introduction, christopher hill. it was a long process and a deeply frustrating one for you, i have to imagine. has anything changed as yellow i think there have been some changes. kim jong un is there have been some changes. kim jong unis a different leader. he clearly has his own thoughts on it. the problem is we have a president who's very talkative who has kind of started running victory laps, and i think the north koreans have decided orare think the north koreans have decided or are deciding that maybe they don't have much to gain from this
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upcoming summit. i mentioned that you wrote back in november of last year that donald trump's on the achievement at that point was to secure additional sanctions. i suppose is people would argue that is the point. it is forced kim jong unto change tactics even if he is not changing strategy. unto change tactics even if he is not changing strategylj unto change tactics even if he is not changing strategy. i agree... that would be an important point that the president and his supporters could make. the problem is they're making process at that point in the absence of any concrete measures to the north koreans. it's true they released three people who never should have been imprisoned in the first place, it is true they are closing down a nuclear test site that by all accounts was in its last legs anyway in the but i mean, the main issue is whether north korea's prepared to deeney colourise, get rid of the nuclear weapons, go back into the nonproliferation treaty and
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otherwise be a full standing member of the international community —— compared to deeney —— the nuclear .we . we had the us secretary of state go hand—in—hand to the north koreans i they're the one skinny but effective president of the united states was prepared to meet with them. and the president, maybe there's been too much talk and certainly his national security adviser and the john bolton, certainly his national security adviser and thejohn bolton, has done absolutely no favours to the president by talking about a libya model which most people do but what —— which most people know that their president was killed in the streets. that is not helping with north korea, neither is the common from the national security adviser that we will not help with economic assistance with north korea, we will leave that with others. he's had a
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problem with talking little is publicly and that's also not new. problem with talking little is publicly and that's also not newlj publicly and that's also not new.” was saying a little flippantly tour correspondent in washington a little earlier, that may be kimjong un was sitting in xianyang reviewing old tapes of the apprentice. for them to be doing this at a other government level before a lot of the planning work has been done by their teams, i mean, is it risky or is it actually a good way of breaking out of what you might argue has been a long process that's not achieved very much? wrigley, it's very risky and not the right way to go. what they should have done and what they probably still need to do is have mike pompeo who has been the point percent in this process to go to the north koreans and cable a joint d raft, north koreans and cable a joint draft, joint communique, a piece of
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paper with one page, two pages, which is with the us wants to see at this and get on the north koreans what their view is and try to negotiate what would in effect be the concluding document of the summit. instead, they seem to have had some discussions but no clarity on what the summit with the site. i know president trump has the view that he can kinda forgot anything, but i'm not sure he can with the north koreans. he's never dealt with them before and i think it would be but move them to figure out what will come out of the summit before it begins but it certainly has not been what we're getting from the trump administration. and moreover, he's been so concerned about showing how he is different from president 0bama, bush or president clinton, saying that we are doing something that they are doing something because of our pressure, and we've not been forced to do anything in terms of sanctions relief, etc. i
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think north koreans kind of box at some of that talk. is your instinct at the moment that this summit will still go ahead? i would not bet your mortgage on that. i think we are kind of looking at less than 50—50 proposition at this point. it was a good sign that president chose to say very little. it does not come naturally to him. we have to see if the content of get things back on track but clearly the north koreans are concerned that the us is going to be demanding a lot of things in return for just to be demanding a lot of things in return forjust some to be demanding a lot of things in return for just some statements rather than some steps on the us side on in terms of sanctions relief. i think the trump administration needs to stay a little less and do a little more. ambassador christopher halliwell a lwa ys ambassador christopher halliwell always a pleasure to have your insight. thank you for being with us on bbc news this evening. more now on our top story. one of britain's biggest rail lines is to be brought back
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under public control, for the third time in a decade. the east coast main line between london and edinburgh had been run by virgin trains east coast and stagecoach but they made heavy losses and will be stripped of their franchise. 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg spoke to transport secretary chris grayling and asked what went wrong. what's gone wrong is very simple. what's gone wrong is very simple. what you have is a company that did too much, that over estimated reve nu es too much, that over estimated revenues it would get. it's not actually about the operation of the railway itself. the team that is running the railway have done a good job, they've increased revenues, they've increased revenues, they have increased passenger satisfaction, actually employing more people than when it was in the public sector previously. their parent company got their sums wrong and that's what's caused today to happen. asa caused today to happen. as a profitable railway, and as you say, when it was in the public hands previously before, it was making money. given that, as you say, this bit of the railway can make money, surely it suggests the franchise model isjust surely it suggests the franchise model is just the wrong one. well, what it certainly suggests is we have got find a better way
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of evaluating bids for the future. and indeed, we have started to do that. the most recent bid on southwest, we did not take the highest bid. 0ne we did not take the highest bid. one of the things i want us to do in the future is to focus much more on quality of service. that should be a given anyway, but i have no doubt that the better the service, the higher the revenues will be, and that really needs to be our focus. my needs to be our focus. my whole approach of beginning to bring together track and train is all about creating a more reliable railway. i think it's how you get better service for the passengers. but what many people argue, and has a lot of sympathy with many members of the public and it's what the labour party are suggesting, something simpler. a wholesale approach where you take the whole thing back into national hands. you're having to do that when contracts go wrong, why not just when contracts go wrong, why notjust do that across the board? so there's two problems with the labour party argument. the first is just look across the channel to france. but they are trying to do is to go back to the days of a railway like the french railways, just at the time when emmanuel macron is saying we have to change, it's not working, it's debt ridden. they are talking about closing routes. the whole thing is not working. the whole thing is not working. the french government says it's got
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to be time for reform. and they're looking to us, what we're doing, it's the direction of their reforms. look across the channel. what labour wants doesn't work. the other part though, to me, is that it is not actually about who owns the railway, it's about how it works. so if you've got a busy suburban railway in the morning and there's too many trains chasing too little space, you've got to create more capacity. it's not about whether the government owns it, it's not about whether a private company owns it and it's actually about how you run it. my my view is the two key things that will change the future, one is about how it separates. and that is what today was about. the other is about the digital railway where you'd use new technology to create more space to run more trains. those are the real solutions, arguments about nationalization is actually missing the point. chris grayling there, the transport secretary. two new pages from anne frank's diary have been published,
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containing a handful of dirtyjokes and her thoughts on sex. thejewish teenager wrote her diary whilst in hiding from the nazis and was of course published sometime after her death. the hidden pages had been covered with gummed brown paper to hide her risque writing from herfamily. new imaging techniques have finally allowed researchers to read them. joining us now from amsterdam is lex heerma van voss, the director at huygens institute for the history of the netherlands. thank you very much for being with us on thank you very much for being with us on bbc news this evening. tell us first of all about the process of actually revealing these hidden pages. were they in any way visible before? we did have a clue what was on their but we periodically checked the quality of the original diary. and by one of these routine checks, one of the things we do is
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photographed each page, and we use a very brief flash to do so and by accident, we saw that by using that flash to read the page from the other side and we then digitally enhanced the image of the page. and obviously, what you presumably had to do was the minimal possible that you could do without causing any damage to what is a unique documents, a unique record of one person's suffering. when you siebel was in there, was it a surprise? did it make you laugh? yes, well, actually it's rather... quite natural for a 13—year—old to write. what is on it is for what she calls
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"dirty jokes". what is on it is for what she calls "dirtyjokes". we what is on it is for what she calls "dirty jokes". we knew what is on it is for what she calls "dirtyjokes". we knew the kind of jokes she liked and these are very similar. there's also a slight literary discussion were she says i sometimes imagine that someone might come to me and asked me to inform them about sexual matters and then she proceeds to explain sexuality. she thought she was quite knowledgeable at the time although sadly, this was one of the many life experiences she was denied because of her terrible death. what's been the reaction in the netherlands to this? well, most people are interested in the two pages but there are also some people who question whether we should have respected her privacy and had not
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offered these pages. what is your view on that? we discussed this before what was —— we disclose what was on the pages. you must realise, first of all, this is a real diary she kept and she decided herself to change it into a novel. and then after her untimely death, her father proceeded to edit that novel from her writings, so already, others had decided on what should be disclosed. herfather, decided on what should be disclosed. her father, 0tto frank, decided on what should be disclosed. herfather, 0tto frank, did not in all cases follow her own selection and we felt that this is now a world history document and it has been is a the circle document and any she
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treated as other historical documents and disclose as much as you find. lex heerma van voss, thank you find. lex heerma van voss, thank you for telling us about this hidden pages. and if you've never been to the anne frank house in amsterdam, and you get the experience to go, it is one of the most moving experiences. figures obtained by the bbc suggest the number of gangs using children to carry drugs and to sell them has soared in the last four years. it's thought there are now more than 1,000 of the drug—dealing operations, known as "county lines" involving powerful and aggressive city—based gangs taking over drug—dealing in provincial towns around the uk. wyre davies reports. a drugs deal in a north wales coastal town. this isn't the dealer's house, nor the user's. the flat has been "cuckooed", taken over temporarily by a gang from liverpool. it's a classic feature of a pervasive form of drug dealing known as "county lines". across the uk, police forces are fighting this new scourge —
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ruthlessly efficient gangs moving into provincial towns. given the colour of it, we reckon it's going to be individual wraps of crack cocaine. many of those lured by the gangs arejust teenagers. one, who worked for a liverpool outfit but has now left, spoke to me anonymously. i was 13 when i started selling class a drugs. at first i started selling bits of weed. and this kid came up to us and was like, "if you want to make some real money, jump on this phone." after a few times i got used to it, thinking, "yeah, this is easy money." as drug markets in many big cities become saturated, the gangs are moving out. their young couriers using the train network to reach every corner of the country. this is how it works. drugs runners arriving in provincial towns hand out a mobile phone number to their customers, and this is the county line number. the key thing is that this virtually untraceable number is held by the anonymous dealer
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back in the city. they have no obvious contact with the drugs, but have total control over what drugs are sold, and when. for law enforcement, it's looking for a needle in a haystack. have you got any drugs on you? no. the national crime agency says there are now more than 1,000 county lines across the uk, a fourfold increase injust four years. a feature of county lines is the extreme violence gangs will use to muscle in on local dealers. in this black bmw, four members of a liverpool gang chased down a rival in the town of rhyl, forcing him to stop in a car park. seconds later, mark mason was dead — stabbed 22 times. most county lines networks are based in london, from where gangs send young couriers across the country. but surveillance of gangs who travel down from london has brought results.
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this operation in swansea led to more than 60 arrests. but it also showed how far the gangs had penetrated the lucrative local drugs scene. during the operation, what we established was that we had around 21 separate drug lines in the swansea bay area. one of the telephone lines was subsequently sold. it went for tens of thousands of pounds. as secure juvenile units across the country fill up with young people snared by the drugs trade, the government admits it can't just arrest its way out of the problem. wyre davis, bbc news. and gangs, murder and teenage drug runners presented by wyre davies, is broadcast on bbc one wales tonight in about ten minutes' time and available on the bbc iplayer.
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right now, the headlines on bbc news: the government brings rail services on the troubled east coast main line from london to edinburgh back under public control. a corporate culture gone rotten — mps' verdict on of the collapsed construction giant carillion. donald trump says he doesn't know if his planned summit with kim jong—un will go ahead. north korea has threatened to pull out over us pressure to give up its nuclear weapons. an update on the market numbers for you. here's how london and frankfurt ended the day. and in the the united states, this is how the dow and the nasdaq are getting on. at the new york figures from the frankfurt and london, all up. now, this is a word that's been listened to millions of times and has led to disagreements around the world.
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listen closely. like new york, it's so good, we will play it twice. listen closely. what do you hear? here it is again. some people heard yanny, some people heard laurel. lots of different views there. i have to say, i've heard it both ways, so i am thoroughly confused. the audio was posted online, with internet users split as to how it sounds. to help shed some light on this, matt mikkelsen, a sound and audio engineer, joins me from washington. thanks very much for being with us on bbc news. tell us what on earth
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is going on here. are we all going crazy? yes, we are all going crazy. i heard about that yesterday for the first time and had not had a chance to listen to it until this morning. and the first time i listened to it, i heard yanny and kept hearing yanny. but essentially what's happening here is a few different things. one is that depending on the size and shape of our years, humans do things differently. we do not hear things the same because there are hear things the same because there a re lots of hear things the same because there are lots of different factors involved like you make of art your ca nals involved like you make of art your canals —— like the legs of art your canals. the second thing is what kind of speakers you're playing it out of. are you listen through headphones, your iphone speaker? these things can affect it. when i played to my iphone speaker, i heard yanny, but when i plug it through my studio headphones, i heard laurel. we did a lot of messing growth
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analysis and essentially, you do hear both things. neither thing is right or wrong depending on how sensitive you are too high and low frequencies. i mean, i know people who professionally listen like myself and this morning, we are going back and forth and i said, no, it's yanny and they said, no, it's not, it's laurel. it's dependent on a lot of factors that there is no right into, we are all right. is reassuring. i don't know if you have seen reassuring. i don't know if you have seen the postings on social media. people have gotten really wrapped up in this one. what is confusing for a lot of people as we say that we hear the thing differently, because that immediately raises all kinds of questions about how we even understand each other when we are talking to one another and whether it's in a bigger... it's all different. if you're saying the acoustics are having that much
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impact. absolutely. the only studio acoustics and the physical aspects play a role but also our brains play a huge role how we hear sound. i know for me, when i was listening, now i listened with so many times that can decide whether i hear laurel or yanny. mentally there is so much communication going back and forth between your brain and your ea rs forth between your brain and your ears that depending on what you're thinking, it affects how you hear things. the locations of this utterly interesting and it's really cool to kind of see how big this is gotten and how frustrating people are. it makes me happy. briefly, it does not make any difference what words were chosen. it could be any pairs of words. no, i think the choice of words is important because essentially, to get a little bit scientific with you, the word laurel is happening more in the lower frequencies spectrum and yanny is happening in the higherfrequency spectrum, so in my audio analysis,
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when i took out some of the high frequencies i definitely heard laurel but when i took up the lower frequencies, i was hearing yanny. this specific type of words, word choice, differently was playing a role for sure. whoever put it up to knew exactly what they were doing. matt mikkelsen, thanks for enlightening us from seattle in washington state. do not worry, matt was not doing the driving as he was talking to is there. the royal borough of windsor is usually a sedate sort of place. but with three days to go until the wedding of prince harry and meghan markle at st george's chapel, it has been descended on from all over the world. there is particular excitement amongst the american networks, as david sillito explains. windsor is used to the media and crowded streets... prince harry y meghan markle. meghan markle. but this is different. royal wedding drama... the royal wedding. every spare inch of space has been taken over by tv.
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this room that you're in right now is our set... cbs has ten rooms of the harte and garter, opposite the castle. they've even taken out the windows. if you come in here, we have, of course, the toilet, which is our second position, and we're sort of converting this shower into an audio booth. and across the town, it's a sea of technology and white canvas. it's like a little siege camp of white tents has grown up around the castle. 76 international broadcasters, 42 us affiliates. and the number of accredited media — accredited, that is, on the day — has now topped 5,000. susannah carr of 7 news has flown in from perth, australia. her position — the royal bench. we knew it was going to be a big story. everybody is glued to the set,
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waiting to see what happens next. hollywood comes to britain! keir simmons is outside buckingham palace... for the markles. .. pause for a second on the high street, and you can end up on portuguese tv. david, you're from the uk? bbc news. a welcome break from the global politics for the global news agenda. the royal wedding... and for america, meghan markle is a game changer. it's a beautiful love story. an american in the royal family. that makes it even more interesting for americans now. as one person put it, we now have skin in the game. and if all this looks like a bit of media madness, remember — we're still three days away from the main event. david sillito, bbc news, windsor.
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i used to have one of those. three days away from the main event but we cannot not ask you, will be sun come out on saturday? i think that the weather is a pretty decent shape on saturday, as it is between now and then. plenty of fine weather. temperatures climbing as well. that is good news because today was a bit cooler for many of us. today was a bit cooler for many of us. there was sunshine as well. that is output on the weather watch earlier on. that was the scene for the isle of wight. you can see on the isle of wight. you can see on the satellite picture clout associated with a weather front that has been really slowly sinking its way southwards and eastward, but behind that weather fronts and we are getting into some relatively cool air, so temperatures overnight are cool air, so temperatures overnight a re really cool air, so temperatures overnight are really going to get away, predict labour we have clear skies. most of us will see clear skies as connectors on. temperatures for
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north wales, the north midlands, north wales, the north midlands, north words, which are very close to freezing. looking at overnight lows of two, three, 4 degrees, but in the countryside, there could be a touch of frost for us to go into thursday morning. a chilly start to today but a bright start. in fact a beautiful start for many. none of today cosmic cloud, really, in the south. just a patch of fairweather clouds in places. some nagging wins on the east coast and the southeast. some relatively cool air in place. in the sunshine and out of the breeze, and when i feel too bad. friday, we are again going to see some fairly large amounts of sunshine, thicker cloud for northern ireland, western scotland. maybe just the odd spot of rain into the western isles. but down towards the south, the temperatures are still going up. then we move towards the big day, the royal wedding date. underneath
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this high, dry weather and we can expect some spells of sunshine. that's the forecast for windsor on saturday. some sunny spells. temperatures eventually by the afternoon getting up to 20 or 21 degrees. wherever you are, the ring saturday, if you're having a street party, celebrating the wedding, just about wherever you are, fine weather comes some spells of sunshine, the patchy cloud here and there and this temperatures still climbing. 0n sunday, england and wales stick with the dry, mainly sunny theme. a little bit different across northern ireland and western scotland. some thicker clouds can outbreak of rain, could be a heavy burst here. cool in the northwest. plenty of fine weather and had. some spells of sunshine as well. that's all from me for now. hello, i'm karin giannone, this is 0utside source.
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north korea says a historic summit with donald trump could be off, if the us makes it give up nuclear weapons. the president's all of a sudden on the back foot. we have seen anything, we haven't heard anything, we will see what happens. and it's been a day of disclosure in washington, a vast array of documents relating to donald trump has been released. we'll go through them with kim gittleson. no respite for the president across the atlantic either, european council president donald tusk says with friends like trump, who needs enemies? he has made us realise that, if you need a helping hand, you will find one at the end of yourarm. changing political fortunes in malaysia, former prime minister najib razak is under investigation,


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