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tv   Newsday  BBC News  May 22, 2018 1:00am-1:30am BST

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i'm rico hizon in singapore — the headlines: scientists warn that hawaii's volcano eruption has reached a dangerous stage as the lava flow doubles in speed. south korea's president will meet donald trump — can they put the summit with kim jong un back on track? i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme: more than a dozen countries are recalling their ambassadors to venezuela after nicolas maduro‘s controversial election win. it may have been televised live, but many people still want to see the official photographs of the prince and his bride — we have them for you. it's 8am in singapore, 1am in london and 2pm in hawaii,
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where people are being warned to stay indoors with the windows closed to limit exposure to toxic gases, as flows of molten rock gather pace, now travelling twice as fast as earlier, with two streams are entering the ocean — causing an acidic gas haze. the kilauea volcano on the big island started erupting on may 3rd but shows no signs of slowing. fountains of lava reaching 180 metres into the air, three times as high as before, are expected. one person has been seriously injured after being hit by lava and authorities are warning people to stay away from evacuated areas. around 2000 people have already left their homes. chris buckler is on the big island. after erupting from deep beneath the ground of this island, lava has now reached the ocean.
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to get here, it has destroyed all in its path. molten rock stands more than 20—feet high, where it has claimed the land. still burning and still deeply dangerous. you can see how roads have become cut off, because this is a huge mound of lava that has made its way down from the various fishes, the cracks in the ground have opened up and the lava has simply fountained out. —— the various fissures. the smoke and fumes are toxic. but that's not the only worry. sections of this scorched surface are still being split apart. what we are concerned about is the possibility of additional fissures opening up and even lava that might be travelling in tubes under the surface that could spring up. the lava is continuing to jet out at a ferocious rate and the flow of molten rock is only getting faster.
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geologists predict that the fountains of lava could reach more than 180 metres in height, three times higher than before. kilauea has long been a neighbour to the islanders. a volcano that erupted to create this ground. but it is now destroying what is on it and many have taken the difficult decision to abandon their houses. for many days, i was sitting in my house thinking that i didn't have to leave. then the activity increased enormously. even to get into the evacuation area, we had to be escorted by the hawaii national guard. all who live near kilauea know they cannot ignore the volcano. you can hear the fissures, the explosions all night and all day. lately, we have had about 100 earthquakes a day. the biggest was 6.9. this is a spectacular landscape
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but beneath these craters it is continuing to be shaped, and with kilauea still erupting no one can be sure that the many prayers to the gods will be answered. chris buckler, big island, hawaii. a little earlier, i asked chris in hawaii, how the advice is being received. there is frustration because people are being stopped from getting close to their homes. but it is clear that this is for their own safety and i have to say, having just got into the leilani estates, we took a look at the destruction that is there and it is immense. 0n streets where people live you see mailboxes and then all of a sudden, the road is completely destroyed. cracks in the road are very deep and wide. beyond that just that flow of lava, which has completely ruined all of the land.
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the big concern is about the gas and steam that is merging up from beneath the surface. it is toxic, that is why people are being encouraged to leave their homes if they can. how much of a danger to human life is this now? people are being kept as safe as possible, being kept at a distance. although, i have to say that people are going in. and if they are going to their home, they have the right to be inside the leilani estates. but they are being urged to be very careful. the biggest concern i can see from having been in there is that if the wind direction changed, all of that sulfur dioxide, the gas coming from underneath the earth, they could move and catch people very quickly indeed. the other worry is about the fissures continuing to open up. when i was in there, i saw the fountains of lava jetting into the sky. the suggestion from geologists that they could get three times as high, potentially 180 metres. that is the real worry.
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it would cause a huge amount of destruction. as theyjet up, it sends molten rock in all directions. people are being told not to get too close. by the ocean, where it meets the steam, that lava creates another gas. hydrochloric acid is released and particles of gas. this can cause real problems. —— hydrochloric acid is released and particles of glass. the centre across the road from here, people are going there if they have had to leave their homes. they are being given clothes, food. 0utside you can see vans that are getting ready to go inside the leilani estates to try to help people move out. this evacuation zone is being evacuated for a reason. the story as soon as we get further developments from hawaii. our other top story this hour — iran says us secretary of state mike pompeo has no credibility to decide its future. this follows threats from mr pompeo
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to impose unprecedented new sanctions on iran, after president trump's withdrawal from the iran nuclear deal. in his first major policy speech, mr pompeo set out 12 demands and said iran would never again be allowed a free hand to dominate the middle east. you know, we will hold those doing prohibitive business in iran to account. 0ver prohibitive business in iran to account. over the coming weeks, we will sent teams of specialists to countries around the world to discuss the implications of sanctions and to listen. i know, i have spent a great deal with our allies in my first few weeks, i know they may decide to keep their old nuclear deal: with teheran. that is certainly the decision to make. they know where we stand. —— that is certainly their own decision to make. also this hour — the us justice
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department has announced it will expand its investigation into the 2016 election after president trump demanded an investigation. as well as looking at allegations of russian interference, it's also going to investigate any irregularities involving fbi tactics. mexico's aviation authority says it will temporarily suspend operations by the airline involved in last week's crash in cuba. the authority is conducting a review after the aerolineas damojh crash that killed 110 people. the plane crashed shortly after taking off from havana's jose marti airport on friday. the cuban government is also investigating. new zealand's prime minister, jacinda ardern, has taken the unusual step of appearing at an official engagement as a hologram. she gave the opening address at a tech conference in auckland — an event she was unable to attend in person. it's thought she's the first politician to deliver a speech in such a way. donald trump and the south korean
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president, moonjae—in, are to meet at the white house on tuesday. top of the agenda — the planned summit between mr trump and the north korean leader, kimjong—un, here in singapore in june. but in the last few days, pyongyang has issued a series of frosty statements that have put the meeting in doubt. soojin park is a former deputy spokesperson for south korea's ministry of unification and now works at a washington think tank. earlier i asked her whether next month's summit can be put back on track. that certainly is the goal of the meeting between president moon and president trump. president moon has a lot on his shoulders for this meeting tomorrow with president trump, he has to strike a balance between north korea's preferred approach of phased and synchronised approach to denuclearisation. —— president trump. the us wants immediate and unilateral surrender.
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president moon will likely seek a kind of balance for an accelerated, phased and synchronised approach. a south korea based analyst, robert kelly, raised some interesting questions in his tweets about a potential summit. he said, is it possible that south korea overstated the north‘s willingness for a denuclearisation deal? what are your thoughts? there could be such interpretations. i know they exist. however, i do not think that south korea overstated north korea's intentions. based on the exchanges that president moon and his senior officials had with north korea, it is my understanding that north korea clearly said that given the right circumstances and concessions, north korea is willing to put denuclearisation on the table and go that path.
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more than a dozen countries are recalling their ambassadors to venezuela, after a controversial election that handed president nicolas maduro another six—year term. a number of mr maduro's rivals were barred from running, and critics have alleged voting irregularities. the us has called the vote a sham. all this as the country remains ravaged by economic despair. the bbc‘s katy watson reports on what's next for venezuelans. goodbyes are never easy. but if you don't know when the next hello will be, it's all the more painful. claudia is on her way to chile with her husband and sister, leaving their parents behind. translation: our family understands. they know it is for a better future and they support us 100%. but it is still hard.
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across the road, these cousins do not know where they are going and they don't care. they just want to leave. but all tickets to the border are sold out. i asked him how he feels about mr maduro's victory. translaton: mr maduro won yesterday and we are leaving today. how do you think i feel? the hardest part for me is not being able to hug my three children. looking at photos isn't the same. nearby, maria has been working in front of the bus station for years. she rents her phones to those who need to make calls. translation: this is not narnia, this is venezuela. she says she's never seen so many people queueing to leave, something has to change. the scene of venezuelans leaving on the bus every day tells you everything that you need to know about politics here. mr maduro's won another six years in power. most venezuelans expect the only change will be that their lives get much harder.
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5000 venezuelans leave every day. that number is expected to rise with the election win. in a country where vast oil wealth once flowed, more people are eking out a living in these muddy waters, searching for treasures. douglas has worked in this river for 1h years. translation: when i started, there were about six people working here. now there are more than 100 because of the crisis. it is thin pickings. these coins used to be worth something. but with hyperinflation of more than 13,000%, they are no more valuable than the sediment itself. instead, he is now on the lookout for silver and gold. even this earing backing could change his day. the night is long for this gang of boys living on the streets. the youngest is just five years old. every month, new arrivals. when dusk falls, their work begins, begging for something to eat. it used to be that a lot of people came in their cars to drop food off, eight—year—old jose tells me,
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but with the crisis, fewer people can be generous. with no change at the top, the march towards greater economic and social misery quickens. these little boys never had much of a future but it is now looking far less hopeful. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: how often do you check your phone? we look at how social media and online games can hook you into addictive behaviour. if you can't get enough of the british royal wedding, keep watching — we'll show you the officials photos that have just been released. this morning an indian air force plane carrying mr gandhi's body landed in delhi. the president of india walked
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to the plane to solemnly witness mr gandhi's final return from the political battlefield. ireland has voted overwhelmingly in favour of gay marriage. in doing so it's become the first country in the world to approve the change in a national referendum. it was a remarkable climax to what was surely the most extraordinary funeral for a pop singer. it's been a peacefulfuneral demonstration so far, but suddenly the police are tear gassing the crowd. we don't yet know why. the prelaunch ritual is well—established here. helen was said to be in good spirits, butjust a little apprehensive. in the last hour, east timor has become the world's newest nation. it was a bloody birth for a poor country and the challenges ahead are daunting. but for now at least, it's time to celebrate. this is newsday on the bbc.
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i'm rico hizon in singapore. i'm babita sharma in london. our top stories: the eruption of kilauea in hawaii enters a new, violent phase — lava has doubled in speed with fountains of molten rock reaching 180 metres in the air. a summit to rescue a summit. president trump is to meet the south korea president to try to get his meeting with the north's kim jong—un back on track. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. the straits times reports on the swearing in of malaysia's new cabinet. prime minister mahathir mohamad says the country is more than $250 billion in debt — an unprecedented level. in thejapan times — thousands of broken radiation monitors around the fukishima
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nuclear plant are to be removed. the paper says they cost the government $4.5 million a year and officials claim that radiation levels have dropped significantly since the plant's 2011 meltdown. and too close for comfort — the south china morning post is among the papers focussing on the erupting kilauea volcano on hawaii's big island. this dramatic photo shows the intensity and danger of the seismic activity, which has increased considerably in recent days. now, babita, what stories are sparking discussions online? it's the obamas. coming soon to netflix, barack and michelle obama. america's former president and first lady have signed a multi—year deal to produce television shows and movies with the streaming service.
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a statement from netflix says the couple will work on documentaries and other features that highlight issues they pursued when in office. a leading scientist believes he's found the cause of the most common cancer in children. he says that coming into contact with too few germs early in life can leave a child vulnerable to one type of leukaemia which is more common in advanced, affluent societies. our health correspondent james gallagher has more. hugo has a cancerous immune system. he was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia when he was two and the disease means he has difficulty walking. he's now in his third year of chemotherapy. it's all he's ever known, but yes, certainly the early part of his treatment was really gruelling. all the side effects you'd expect, vomiting, hair loss, tiredness, lack of appetite. hugo's type of leukaemia is more common in affluent societies, but the reason why has been hotly debated.
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microbes fails to train the immune system correctly. so if there is an infection in childhood, the immune system malfunctions and it can lead to leukaemia. part of the problem is how sterile and germfree our lives have become. but the researchers say using bacteria may prevent the disease. if all of our conclusions are correct, it should be preventable by exposing young infants to benign bacteria which primes the immune system adequately. coming into contact with beneficial bacteria is complicated, playing with other children, having older siblings, going to nursery and being breast—fed all play a major role. it's notjust about embracing dirt. i think you have to let the toy which drops on the ground go and just sort of say, well, that's that and not get too caught up on it.
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ijust believe sometimes it's good to have some germs around, probably it's better for the immune system. this study adds to growing recognition that bacteria are vital for our health and well—being. failing to train the immune system has been linked to diseases like type one diabetes, to allergies and now leukaemia. but this is absolutely not about blaming parents. it's an acknowledgement that the progress we are making as a society and in medicine comes at a price. james gallagher, bbc news. most of us can relate to this — a repeated urge to check our phones, constant scrolling on facebook, or hours on an online game. it's said that these addictive behaviours activate the same part of the brain as recreational drugs. nir eyal is a behavioural psychologist in new york. he explained the issues behind addiction. as with any addiction, the product is not
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necessarily the problem, it has to do with these three factors, not only the product, not only do —— the thing the person is using, but also the person's predilection towards addiction as well as their problem. so all addictions are about an escape from an uncomfortable reality. if you are using social media to the extent that you are harming yourself, there's something else going on in your life and you are trying to escape. as with all addictions. some say they are as addictive as gambling, is that really true? for some people, sure. most people walk into a casino and never get addicted. most people use a video game or social media and never get addicted. but for those who have a predilection for addiction and a problem they are trying to escape in their lives, that they can't deal with otherwise, then yes these products can be addictive. a lot of people get emotionally attached to social media, but they don't really receive any reward and still come back for more. well, there is, i would argue, there is a lot of reward to social media.
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social media is a way to connect with people. human beings, for the past 200,000 years, since our species first evolved, need human connection, we need to bond with other people and so we are in this unnatural state that we are separated from loved ones. it used to be that people lived with their direct family their entire life. now we are disconnected from each other in the real world and so for many people, the only way they connect is through these technologies. so if drug addicts go to rehab and gamblers go to a psychologist, if you are addicted to social media, should you be seeing a psychologist like you? if there is a problem you can't stop, if there is any kind of addictive behaviour you can't stop, despite your efforts to try and stop, then the problem is generally deeper. it's not going to be facebook, it's not going to be your iphone that is the source of the problem, it's
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this a deeper issue. so you've got to deal with the deeper issue or see someone who can help you learn new ways to cope that aren't destructive. here in britain on tuesday the duke and duchess of sussex, prince harry and meghan, will carry out their first official duties as a married couple, helping to host a garden party in honour of prince charles at buckingham palace. they also released the official photographs of their big day as nicholas witchell reports. that was after. there were certainly no shortage of photographs being taken on saturday, as the carriage procession made its way through windsor, and up the long walk, it seemed as though everyone was holding up a mobile phone to take a snap. but it was after harry and meghan had reached the end of the procession and made their way into the comparative calm of windsor castle that the official wedding pictures were taken by photographer alexi lubomirski.
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the first of the three photographs released by kensington palace is a group shot of the couple, their close family, and the bridesmaids and page boys. standing to the couple's left is meghan‘s mother, doria ragland, who made such a deep impression at the wedding with her poise and dignity. the queen and the duke of edinburgh are seated in front of prince charles and the duchess of cornwall. among the bridesmaids and page boys, prince george is smiling broadly, princess charlotte is sitting on her mother's lap. the second picture shows harry and meghan in a more relaxed pose with their young attendants. george has an even bigger smile. charlotte is sitting on the floor holding one of the bouquets. the third photo is a black—and—white portrait of the bride and groom relaxing and looking very happy on the east terrace of windsor castle. so, what do people make of the pictures? to see a woman of colour in the royal family, which inherently has been white, that acceptance does mean it's a step forward. the commonwealth history, our history and a bit of history in the making. it's nice to see philip there as well.
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for the queen, visiting the chelsea flower show this evening, the wedding and the positive reaction to its images of diversity will surely be a matter of relief. she knows the family's younger generation is stepping forward now and it seems well—equipped for the future. nicholas witchel, bbc news. you have been watching newsday. and before we go, let's remind you of our main story... flows of molten rock have gathered pace in hawaii, as the kilaeua volcano shows no sign of slowing down. that's all for now, stay with bbc world news. the weather is not looking bad over
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the next few days. we cannot guarantee completely dry weather. then again, we need some rain from time to time. on tuesday, the risk of downpours, with thunder, across the south. the next few hours are fairly quiet across the uk. some cloud across the northwest, a weather front there, across cloud across the northwest, a weatherfront there, across northern ireland and scotland. it is a weak weatherford, mostly cloud and not an lot of rain. the early hours of tuesday, some spots of rain across scotland. in the south, clear skies, not cold, 12 in london. fresher in the north—west of scotland. around 4 degrees. first thing in the morning, it is looking great. the chance of showers across kent and sussex, potentially in london. not necessarily sunny everywhere. more
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cloud in the north—east. some in scotla nd cloud in the north—east. some in scotland and partly cloudy skies in ireland. to the south, sunshine. later in the morning into the afternoon, cloud developing. the risk of some downpours, particularly in southern areas, possibly in the midlands as well. a warm one from many in the south, into the 20s, a bit colderfor the north. how many in the south, into the 20s, a bit colder for the north. how about the flower show? looking fine, temperatures gritted the mid—20s, the chance of rain by thursday. for the chance of rain by thursday. for the middle of the week, it will be a good week, high—pressure extending from scandinavia into the uk. chances of some cloud early in the morning across some of these north—eastern areas, potentially the north—eastern areas, potentially the north seacoast into east anglia. it will be a warm one for many. the orange means temperatures into the
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20s. orange means temperatures into the 205. 23, 24 in orange means temperatures into the 20s. 23, 24 in london. in the north of the country, made a high teens, possibly 20 degrees in edinburgh. thursday into friday, temperatures are levelling off across the country. further south, down are levelling off across the country. furthersouth, down to are levelling off across the country. further south, down to 22 in london, the risk of showers. saturday, things are said to warm up across europe. temperatures could be hitting the net, possibly the high 20s across the south by the bank holiday weekend. i'm babita sharma with bbc news. our top story. the eruption of kilauea volcano on hawaii's big island enters a more violent phase. experts say lava is now flowing twice a fast as it was earlier in the eruption and fountains of molten rock are reaching 180 metres in the air. a summit to rescue a summit. donald trump is to meet the south korea president, moon jae—in, at the white house later today. their mission — to try to get
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the us president's meeting with the north korea's kimjong un back on track. and the royal wedding is still trending online. three official photographs have been released of saturday's royal wedding between prince harry and the former us actress, meghan markle who are now the duke and duchess of sussex. stay with bbc news. and the top story here in the uk: ken livingstone has resigned from the labour party. the former london mayor said his suspension over claims
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