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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  May 31, 2018 10:00pm-10:30pm BST

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tonight at ten — fears of a trade war, as the us carries out its plan to impose tariffs on steel and aluminium from the eu, canada, and mexico. president trump has argued cheap imports harm us industry — but his move has provoked fury. it's totally unacceptable that a country is imposing unilateral measures when it comes to world trade. we'll have the latest from our correspondents in the us, the uk and europe. also on tonight's programme. optimism from the us secretary of state for a summit with north korea's leader — he says it could provide a once—in—a—lifetime opportunity. just how much do you pay for credit? a crack down on high—cost lending. the boss of barclays speaks exclusively to the bbc about the effect of brexit on the bank's future plans. welcome back from the dead. the russian journalist thought to have been murdered — he speaks about why he faked his own death.
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why has roman abramovich — chelsea football club's russian owner — put plans for a new stadium on hold? and how the mysterious pluto has revealed some of its secrets in pictures captured by nasa. coming up on sportsday on bbc news — it hit them like a bomb. how the real madrid players were said to have described zinedine zidane‘s shock resignation just five days after they won the champions league again. good evening. us tariffs on imports of steel and aluminium are set to come into force tonight — drawing international condemnation from the countries it affects, in europe and in north america. britain has called the decision deeply disappointing, france says its illegal,
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and canada has announced it will impose its own taxes on american products. the us says it's made the decision for reasons of national security. its critics say america is just protecting its own industries, against free trade rules. here's our north america correspondent, aleem maqbool. now it's time for action. i'm not going to let america and its great companies and workers be taken advantage of any longer. an ad for us steel asking the president to deliver on its election promise to save jobs deliver on its election promise to savejobs in the industry, but to many the way he's done that looks like the opening salvo in a trade war between europe and the us that could have far—reaching consequences. from midnight tonight, large tariffs will have to be paid on any steel or aluminium imports coming to the us from the eu. your bobbin there's overproduction of
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steel and there's overcapacity throughout the world, and so we have needed to deal with in a very global manner. you can't just needed to deal with in a very global manner. you can'tjust deal with it dealing with one country. surrounded by steelworkers donald trump actually announced that tariffs for most countries in march, but also exemptions for mexico, canada and the eu. he is today scrapped those exemptions. the workers who poured their souls into building this great nation were betrayed, but that betrayal is now over. donald trump can only do this by claiming it's in the interests of national security, which he is now done, to the dismay of the friends he is now penalising. thank you very much, everybody, thank you. it's very disappointing that the united states has chosen to apply steel and aluminium tariffs to countries across the european union,
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allies of the united states and all in the name of national security, and in the case of the united kingdom, where we send steel to the united states, that is vital for their businesses and the defence industry, it is patently absurd. let me be clear, these tariffs are totally u na cce pta ble. me be clear, these tariffs are totally unacceptable. for 150 years canada has been united states' most steadfast ally. and europe is already talking about retaliation. there will be counterbalancing measures, what they can do we are able to do exactly the same. it's totally u na cce pta ble that able to do exactly the same. it's totally unacceptable that a country is imposing unilateral measures when it comes to world trade. so how could europe hit back? some all—american industries could be hit, like this us denim factory, with talk of eu imposing other ta riffs with talk of eu imposing other
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tariffs on bourbon tunnel motorcycles, and even peanut butter. the truth is a big reason donald trump has introduced these new metal ta riffs trump has introduced these new metal tariffs is to satisfy his supporters. they may not have the impact onjobs supporters. they may not have the impact on jobs he says it will, but has risked a dangerous economic escalation with this country's biggest trading partners. ona micro on a micro level some household goods made of steel or aluminium could become more expensive for the american consumer affairs retaliation from europe, then some of those items we talked about in that report, like genes, could become more expensive in the uk. at the other end there are now people who are worried about much broader economic ramifications. it's not something it appears that worries donald trump, who said in a recent tweet, when a country like the usa is losing many billions of dollars on trade with virtually every cut other country it does business with, trade wars are good and easy to win. aleem maqbool, thank you. let's speak to our business editor, simonjack, who's in manchester. what effect are these tariffs likely
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to have here? well, the uk exports 350 million tonnes of steel to the us every year, that's about 7% of oui’ us every year, that's about 7% of our total production. so it's not catastrophic. but remember, it's not just uk steel, its german, italian, canadian, mexican, all of that deal that would have ended in the us market will now have to find another home, flooding other markets and bringing global prices down in those markets, and that's what will worry the 30,000 people that work in the uk steel industry. on a wider point the us is a country with which we hope to forge a close trading partnership with after brexit, thanks to that old special relationship, and on this evidence many people will be wondering what special relationship? simon, thank you. our europe editor katya adlerjoins us. what is the mood in europe tonight?
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well, in a word, defiance. the eu's message to the us today is you hit us message to the us today is you hit us and we will hit you back. it took moments after the us announced its ta riffs moments after the us announced its tariffs for the eu to come back with a list of duties it could impose on us goods and saying that it would ta ke us goods and saying that it would take a case to the wto. it says it's absolutely having none of it. from the eu's point of view, it has tried display mistake you've had a number of european leaders going to recently of european leaders going to rece ntly — — of european leaders going to recently —— they've tried diplomacy. they've come to the conclusion donald trump is a bully who tries to use threats to get concessions. emmanuel macron says they won't discuss anything with a gun to their heads. the eu is very confident it isa giant heads. the eu is very confident it is a giant on the world stage, but despite all of this chest beating it will be a delicate balancing act for the eu because it's about more than trade. the us is europe's biggest and closest international ally and already brussels has fallen out with donald trump over the iran deal, the
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paris climate accord, the us moving its embassy to paris over nato and defence spending, and now tariffs, so although europe wants to stand strong and resolute it doesn't want to completely alienate its ally that it is looked to for support since world war ii, and this is also why a trade war with the us would lead to strains on eu unity, with countries like france wanting the toughest of lines, whereas countries like germany are little more hesitant. catcher adler, thank you, our europe editor. —— katya adler. while president trump was putting up trade barriers with some allies, he was trying to build bridges again with north korea, saying today that talks about a possible summit next month between himself and kimjong—un are going well. the us secretary of state, mike pompeo, who's been meeting one of president kim's closest aides, has said the two countries face a pivotal moment and it would be a tragedy if it went to waste. here's nick bryant. the kim summit dominated the new york tabloids this morning, although this one involved
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a kardashian rather than a korean. two reality tv stars in a made for instagram moment, pop and political culture are becoming harder to tell apart. this dinner in manhattan last night may have lacked the same star power but was far more momentous. a smiling us secretary of state, mike pompeo, meeting a north korean general, kim yong—chol, a one—time spy master and his leader's right—hand man. steak was on the menu and that summit in singapore. the fact that even this meeting is taking place shows how rapidly and how dramatically relations between america and north korea have changed. less than nine months ago donald trump was just up the road at the united nations, threatening to totally destroy that country. today's meeting felt like diplomatic speed dating. it was over quicker than expected and that was a sign of great progress according to the americans, and also an indication of how much both sides want this summit to take place. our two countries face a pivotal moment in our relationship
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in which it could be nothing short of tragic to let this opportunity go to waste. i believe they are contemplating a path forward where they can make a strategic shift, one that their country has not been prepared to make before. the north koreans are carrying a personal letter from kim jong—un to donald trump and tomorrow in washington they will make a remarkable journey, walking through the doors of the white house to deliver it. and just a week after cancelling the summit, the president has now indicated there could be multiple meetings. hopefully we will have a meeting on the 12th, it's going along very well, but i want it to be meaningful. it doesn't mean it gets all done at one meeting, maybe you have to have a second or third, and maybe we'll have none, but it is in good hands, that i can tell you. whether the two sides even agree on what is meant by denuclearisation is still unclear, but it does look increasingly likely that air force one will soon be on a flight path to singapore. nick bryant, bbc news, new york.
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the financial watchdog wants to crackdown on high—cost credit, an issue which affects more than three million people in the uk. the financial conduct authority has outlined plans to cap prices in the rent—to—own market, where you buy furniture or appliances with weekly or monthly payments, but at a high interest rate. it wants stricter controls on doorstep lending, when the lender comes to your home to collect payments, and also wants store card and catalogue credit firms to do more to help those in persistent debt. emma simpson has been looking at the details. carolyn knows all about high—cost credit. she has got the washing machine and dryer and then there is this, as well as the tv. it is all bought through hire purchase, or so—called rent—to—own and this single mum knows she is paying way over the odds. i didn't have the money to be able to just go out and buy them
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and that is why they make money out of us, because we are vulnerable in that way. but you could end up paying thousands extra. yeah. do you feel ripped off? i think we are all being ripped off. she is not the only one. there are 400,000 rent—to—own customers, but now the financial regulator is proposing a cap on these fees by next april. we owe it to the more vulnerable members of society to frankly ensure that they get credit on better terms because they need it to buy essential goods and spread the cost, and it is frankly not fair at the moment. it is notjust rent—to—own companies like this one which can charge sky—high fees. unauthorised overdrafts from banks can also cost consumers dear. high street banks made £670 million from unauthorised overdrafts in 2016 and most of that came from just
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1.5% of customers. but there is no cap being proposed on these fees today. we are really disappointed to see that the regulator hasn't taken action today to put a cap on unplanned overdraft fees. it has already taken action in other high—cost areas like payday loans, and now unplanned overdrafts are more expensive than payday loans in some scenarios. lloyds bank has already scrapped extra fees on unplanned overdrafts. will the regulator force other banks to follow suit? it is considering more radical action, just not yet. emma simpson, bbc news, doncaster. weeks of political stalemate in italy seem to be over, with the anti—establishment five star movement and the right—wing league announcing they have reached a new agreement to govern the country. james reynolds is in rome for us. james, has italy finally got its government? yes, it has. remember, four days ago
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the populists walked out in anger, calling for early elections after the president vetoed their choice of a euro—sceptic finance minister. there then followed a political opera several dozen acts. that is now over. the country knows where it stands. there will be no early election. there will be no unofficial referendum on the euro. the populists decided to back down in order to get into government. they've switched the name of their finance minister, the new minister has not talked about leaving the euro. that's a relief to italy's pro—euro president, who has got what he wanted, and it will also be a relief to brussels but conflicts between the populists who will now be in government and
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brussels may not be over. this new government is making promises, it wa nts to government is making promises, it wants to spend more and cut taxes which may put it into conflict with the eu spending rules. and the league's leader once a tough new policy on migration which may create argument. the boss of barclays says the bank wants to reduce the risks it's taking lending to uk customers, in part because of the effect uncertainty over brexit is having on the uk economy. speaking exclusively to our business editor simonjack, he said the relative weakness of the uk in comparison to the us and eurozone economies was something the bank couldn't ignore. knocking old buses back into shape. this family business in ashington played host to the chief executive of barclays today. so how many years can a bus like this run for? he was in town to announce a new fund to help businesses like the thorntons‘. but as he gave with one hand he took with another, warning about the weakness of the uk economy, a weakness that's making ba rclays cautious. we do have to be mindful of weaknesses in the economy. we have to also protect the integrity of the bank. so we can at the margin tighten some of our underwriting standards
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and some of our credit standards, just to be prudent for the benefit of the stability of the bank. we will look at some of our credit exposures and see whether this is proper, given the direction of the economy. if you're worried about housing prices in london, for instance, do you keep an eye on what's called the loan—to—value, how much you lend versus the value of a house? so what is holding the uk economy back? one thing you have to consider is the uncertainty being brought on by brexit. i do agree that there is a price for this uncertainty. right now growth is not as robust in the uk as i think we would all like to see it to be. so what's the answer to getting the economy working properly? it's down to businesses to take more risk. i think british business has got to be more on the front foot and not just using whatever it is that comes along as a reason to not invest. brexit is obviously a challenge, but one way or the other life has to go on and if these businesses want to be successful
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and retain the strength that they claim they want, they have to take more risk and want to take some important investment decisions. business investment was always likely to stall during brexit uncertainty. the government has acknowledged this. barclays insisted it was still open for business, but a uk bank getting wary of exposure to the uk economy is an unwelcome sign. simonjack, bbc news, ashington. a supporter of the islamic state group who called for an attack on prince george has changed his plea mid—trial and admitted a string of terror offences. woolwich crown court has heard how husnain rashid, who's from nelson in lancashire, used an online chat group to urge people to target the four—year—old prince. the judge told him to expect a long prison sentence. the treasury has been criticised for not appointing a woman to the bank of england committee which sets interest rates.
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this was despite a female—dominated shortlist. a treasury spokesman insisted the appointment was based on merit. a senior conservative, baroness warsi, has warned that her party is failing to acknowledge a problem of islamophobia in its ranks, and she's called on the prime minister to act. downing street says mrs may has already ordered a review into racial equality. major disruption caused by changes to train timetables this month could be investigated by mps. thousands of passengers continue to face delays and cancellations on the rail network, many of them on northern and govia thameslink railway services. olivia richwald is at leeds station for us. it has been another very frustrating day for rail passengers in leeds and across northern england. the new timetable was brought in ii across northern england. the new timetable was brought in 11 days ago and was supposed to make things better for passengers, and was supposed to make things betterfor passengers, but and was supposed to make things better for passengers, but it has been worse, it has been chaotic.
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northern rail is one of the biggest operators in the north. today 66% of its trains ran on time and there we re its trains ran on time and there were in excess of 280 cancellations. the figures are slightly better for go via thames link. today 81% of their trains ran on time, but there we re their trains ran on time, but there were 250 cancellations. i have been speaking to angry passengers here in leeds. with all the train delays and that i don't end up getting home sometimes more than two hours later than what i should be and i have been late for work numerous times. it's ridiculous, it's taken me like an hour and a half to get home and it's usually is 40 minutes. it hasjust been a nightmare. it is regularly delayed in and out of leeds every day, totally u na cce pta ble. northern rail, thames link and network rail have all apologised to passengers today. they say they are
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working on making things better but it may take time. meanwhile, the transport secretary, chris grayling, says he is setting up meetings next week, but there have been calls for him to do more, after all, this disruption is happening on his watch. olivia, thank you. olivia, thank you. more details have emerged of how a russian journalist, working with the ukrainian secret service, managed to fake his own death. arkady babchenko said he used pig's blood as part of the deception and watched news reports about his murder at a mortuary. he's dismissed criticism of his actions, saying his aim was to ensure the safety of his family. jonah fisher has been talking to him in the ukrainian capital, kiev. arkady. welcome back from the dead. two days after he was supposedly assassinated, arkady babchenko has got a lot of explaining to do. can you talk us through what happened on the night of the fake assassination? translation: they put make—up on me, the blood used was real.
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everything was done for real. my wife called the police said the special police came my wife called the police so the special police came and emergency services as well. they took me to the morgue and until i was through the gate i had to pretend to be dead. arkady hid at the morgue and then a safe house while outside his apartment his friends mourned. and the ukraine's security service arrested a man who they say is a russian agent with plans to assassinate russians in kiev. did you have some misgivings about taking part in a huge fake like this? translation: my dear friend, let me put it like this, when the security service come to you and say there is an order out for your murder, are you going to stay proud and say, no, i will not take part because it is going to hurt the media's reputation. come on.
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but as a journalist can you see how this episode can erode trust in basic information and the work ofjournalists? translation: 0k, what choice did i have? what would you choose in my place? yesterday when he apologised at a news conference, there had been speculation that mr babchenko's wife had believed him dead. not true, he said. in fact, she had helped him with the plan. thank you very much. our interview over, arkady babchenko told me he would now be living under much heightened security. jonah fisher, bbc news, kiev. severe thunderstorms have hit parts of the uk, causing floods and travel disruption such as this
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at didcot parkway in oxfordshire. fire crews, including here in haywards heath in west sussex, were called out to tackle floods, and some flights in and out of stansted airport have been cancelled. a met office amber warning — meaning a potential risk to life — is in force across wales and the south—west of england until early tomorrow morning. the billionaire russian owner of chelsea football club, roman abramovich, has put plans for a new stadium on hold after delays to the renewal of his uk visa. our sports correspondent richard conway reports. it is a big part of roman‘s empire for plans to redevelop but plans to redevelop stamford bridge have now been put on hold, perhaps forever. described by its architect as a cathedral of football, construction of a new 60,000 seater stadium which would have required six million bricks to build, was slowly progressing. but roman abramovich has now made the personal decision to stop the process. the billionaire and ally of russian president vladimir putin has faced difficulties obtaining a new uk visa, amid increased to a project in a country
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flthe tthe gr; feitfiefiqfli'm n " on his ability to work. one former club insider believes other factors will also have played a part in his decision. a billion pound real estate project in central london, given everything that is happening in the economy generally, and the political situation, it doesn't feel like a good use of his capital. abramovich has bankrolled chelsea to premier league and european glory since buying the club in 2003. it emerged earlier this week that he has obtained israeli citizenship, something that will allow him to travel to the uk for up to six months at a time, but only as a visitor. it all means, for now, chelsea will continue to play at stamford bridge with their billionaire benefactor f tonight
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that 1 tonight that abramovich that will m é—zzleevseze 77 m i m 777 3 that 2 that stadium. richard, you. richard, thank you. the uk's vote to leave the eu has sharply divided opinion. for some brexit means brexit and we're taking back control. for others, it's a risky march into an uncertain future. as part of our series on britain post—brexit, our arts editor will gompertz talks to people in the arts world about what benefits leaving the eu might bring. bells chime. coventry cathedral, which was heavily bombed in 1940, is a potent example of how a city can respond to adversity with creativity. in 2021, coventry will be the uk city of culture, having in 2016 voted for brexit — an event that many in
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the arts see as a threat. but might it also present opportunities? young people from g20 countries were saying they were more drawn to british art and culture than they were before the referendum. that's telling us that the opportunities for british artists to get out there, to present their work, the rest of the world wants part of that. so, the british council detects post—brexit potential, but do these students at coventry university? i wanted to ask you, as the future of the british arts, what opportunities do you think there are in a post—brexit britain for an artist? we're going to have to go outside of europe and probably make connections with people that are in india, asia, africa. now that we don't have these connections, or might not be making connections in european countries, we have to go outside. i honestly see an opportunity for myself personally and people of europe and eastern europe especially, that we get to be more competitive. i think we are super capable of competing
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with everybody here for the jobs, and we will still get those jobs just because we're good. if you are optimistic about the future, put your hand in the air. wow. that's their particular view, which is regardless of how they might have voted in a referendum the boss of the national theatre describes as... it was a wake—up call, certainly. now he is a man with a clear brexit plan. i think we have to do three things. we've got to maintain our place as the world—beating, creative industries that we are. we've got to do that. the second thing is to really address the fact that there is this division in the country. that means, as arts organisations, we've got to do more to get out across the country to work in partnership with the arts organisations that are already there. the third thing is we have got to ignore the boundaries and continue to develop our relationships with europe, because we will suffer if we don't do that. i didn't vote for farage, i voted to leave the eu. all the while fulfilling the national theatre's stated aim of exploring what it is to live in brexit britain. this is my country!
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will gompertz, bbc news. 5:1. 3 5313 153???13% fiif2%f t‘1%1£ and since then scientists have been trying to make sense of sights they'd never expected. everyone thought that somewhere so cold would be frozen solid, but amazingly there are signs of movement at the surface. and the latest discovery is about the texture of the landscape. these are fields of dunes that look surprisingly like the ones we have on earth. this is important from a scientific perspective because it gives us new insights about pluto but it's
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also really exciting just to be able to look at this world and recognise that it's notjust a frozen icy blob in the outer reaches of the solar system. but really we are seeing a dynamic world still changing, still forming today. so a major surprise is that pluto was much more active than previously thought. its atmosphere is so incredibly thin compared to earth and its winds are so weak that features like dunes shouldn't be possible. and with a temperature of —230 you'd think everything would be totally frozen. but it turns out there's just enough warmth from the sun to lift tiny grains of frozen methane and they're so light that the winds, however weak, can actually move them. and that's how the dunes are formed. on earth dunes like these in the kalahari desert take shape when the wind blows the grains of sand. and scientists have found dunes forming in very
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different conditions on mars, venus and now pluto. this could help them know what to look for when exploring worlds that are even further away. it makes you think that there is a lot beyond pluto. not just within our solar system but beyond our solar system we found lots and lots, thousands of planets around other stars. we can't see their surfaces yet but eventually we will be able to, and what will we see? 50 years ago pluto was described as being silent and barren. now we know that even on the edge of the solar system there is a startling level of activity. the new horizons spacecraft that nasa sent to pluto is now on its way to another world that's even more distant. after years in space it will be woken from hibernation next week and it's on course to come up with yet more discoveries early next year. david shukman, bbc news.
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