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tv   The Witch Hunts of Papua New Guinea  BBC News  June 4, 2018 2:30am-3:00am BST

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says the president has the power to pardon himself over russia collusion allegations. he argued that nothing limited the presidential pardon and that mr trump had no need to use it as he had done nothing wrong. italy's interior minister says his country wont‘ be the refugee camp of europe. speaking in sicily, matteo salvini, who heads the far—right league party, said his country needs centres to facilitate the expulsion of illegal immigrants. critics have denounced his plans for large—scale repatriations. pope francis has called for an end to violence in nicaragua, where at least 15 people were killed this week in protests against the president daniel ortega. he said the catholic church always favoured dialogue— and an active commitment to respect of life and freedom. the home secretary, sajid javid, has said it may be time to raise the cap on the number of skilled workers allowed
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to enter the uk. it would be part of an overall review of the government's immigration policy ahead of brexit. businesses and parts of the public sector such as the nhs have been arguing they're struggling to recruit enough skilled workers. our political correspondent chris mason has the details. parts of the nhs are in desperate need of more doctors, but the number of skilled non—eu workers granted uk visas is capped. today, the new home secretary acknowledged that policy should be re—examined. when the policy was put in place, there was a cap that was established, it's 20,700 a year of these highly skilled immigrants. for years and years, that cap wasn't hit. it's only in recent months that the cap has been hit. i see the problem with that. it's something i'm taking a fresh look at.
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the pressure on ministers has been building. in spring, visas for 100 foreign doctors were refused. 35 nhs trusts said in a letter to the government the ban would affect patients and the decision was almost impossible to understand. mrjavid also said today that he would look again at the inclusion of foreign students in the immigration figures, saying it had a perception problem. for almost a decade, the conservatives have been committed to cutting overall net migration to the tens of thousands a year, but he repeatedly refused to explicitly endorse that figure. i'm committed to our manifesto, but what that means is that over the next few years, i will be working towards, rightly, reducing net migration and bringing it to lower sustainable levels. but you haven't yet said you're committed to the tens of thousands. i've said i'm committed to the manifesto. labour claimed the policy had been counter—productive. the mistake that the conservatives have always made on this is they said they would set an arbitrary target for their immigration figure, and they would then let the economy bear the consequences. we have said the sensible thing to do is to say "what does our economy need?
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"let's make sure we have the skills to match those needs." sajid javid has been working here as home secretary forjust a month but he has shown again his willingness to do the job his own way. chris mason, bbc news, at westminster. now on bbc news, the witch hunts of papua new guinea. in papua new guinea, people live in fear of being branded a witch. people are accused of using witchcraft to kill people who have actually died of natural causes. it's really depressing because sometimes, sometimes they really come with very aggressive wounds on their bodies. the belief is deeply ingrained in the community. identifying and bringing attackers
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tojustice is a real challenge. this is chimbu in the highlands of papua new guinea. the area is rife with sorcery accusations. here, sorcery is known as ‘sanguma'. peter lari sil is a local policeman on a mission to help people
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accused of sanguma. people don't tend to believe in accidental or untimely deaths here. so when someone dies suddenly, an accusation is made. peter has a tough job. is the bridge going to take us? 0h, it'll take us! peter has a string of helpers around
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the area who alert him to cases. we have come to meetjenny, who is accused of killing her niece with sanguma. she has been living in fear in this safe house with her husband sunny and five children after she was attacked by a mob in her village. like many other survivors, jenny's life is in ruins.
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she is also scared about her children's future. trisha, nice to meet you. single mother, she was once accused of sanguma elsewhere. the safe house is run by lena, with limited support from charities. not only does she work with victims, but also accusers. she tells me thatjenny‘s accuser has failed to let the family return to the community, so we go to confront him. and what is surprising is that not only is hejenny‘s brother—in—law,
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he is also the local headmaster. hi. nice to meet you. thank you very much. his wife welcomes us with traditional chimbu greeting. thank you. can you show me the grave? yes. john's daughter christina collapsed and died on her third birthday. he then turned onjenny, accusing her of practising sanguma and causing the death. others in the community then attacked her. like many in the country, he totally believes in sorcery. so the kind of signs of someone being a sanguma, what are the signs? have you seen that? yes! john claims that he keeps his beliefs out of the classroom.
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do you teach your school children about sanguma? no. you don't? but you tell them through your example, they can see that you can accuse someone in the community of sanguma? the fact thatjohn‘s a headmaster shows how ingrained the belief is. and even though the hospital confirmed his daughter died of natural causes, he is still convinced it was jenny's witchcraft that killed her. and how do you think she did that? did she do something to her body, spiritually? john tells me that the family can
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return home, butjenny doesn't think it is safe. you say that they can come back, but it just seems that any time anything happened in the community, they would be targeted again and they would be beaten up again and they would be thrown out of the community again. jenny's story is common in papua new guinea.
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under 100 cases a year go to court or are covered by the press, but this is a tiny percentage as most cases go unreported. both men and women are attacked, but for women, the attacks are more violent. victims tend to be vulnerable members of the community. some, they don't have brothers, they don't have parents, and some, they come from poorfamily. this is most of the things that we see. they see that they don't have somebody to support them. and because they are the weaker sex, they tend to accuse them of sanguma. lena actually started working with survivors of sorcery violence after her own family was torn apart by an accusation. soon, i begin to realise, this isn'tjust true for lena.
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for peter, it is also personal. when he was a toddler, his father was killed in tribalfighting. his mother cecilia had given him a meal before the battle, against local tradition. villagers believed it caused his death, and she was branded a witch. likejenny, peter's mum fled and never returned home. he takes me to meet her, where she now lives
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in a remote mountaintop village. hello! cries. hello! they didn't beat me. cecilia's lips are stained with betel nut, a stimulant that a lot of people here chew. she raised her children as a single
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mother and she is proud of what they've accomplished, helping people like her. but even though cecilia was accused herself, she doesn't want to associate with other survivors. so we have just walked back from the village where peter's mum lives, and what was really striking is that when we were speaking to her, a huge crowd of people sort of gathered around
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and were listening in to what we were saying. and she was really reluctant to admit that she had ever been accused of being a witch. so clearly, there is still a massive stigma. it was nearly half a century ago for cecilia, but sanguma accusations are still ripping apart families and destroying lives today. next on myjourney, a different sort of survivor. rebecca was a newly—wed when her neighbours turned on her. but after she ran away, rebecca embraced being called
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a witch and turned it to her financial advantage. she became a witch doctor, known here as a ‘glass mary', and herjob is now accusing others of sanguma. for a price, she will reveal the identity of the sorcerer who has brought death or bad luck to the village. but aren't you worried
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about what happens to the people that you do accuse? peter believes that glass marys like rebecca fuel a cycle of accusations, recriminations and violence. meeting rebecca makes me
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realise what an industry sorcery accusations is. but after spending time in the country, i still don't understand why there are so few prosecutions when everyone knows what is happening. this is the grave here? 0k. the answer might lie in tribal violence. nougai's brother was accused of sorcery and tortured to death by a mob. it sparked days of vicious fighting between villages.
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i begin to understand how one sanguma death can lead to more violence as people take justice into their own hands. there used to be about 28 houses.
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after nugai's brother was accused of being a sorcerer and murdered, the other tribe came in and they burned all the houses to the ground. and members from this community went to that tribe's area and also burnt down some of the houses in the community as well. so what is increasingly clear is that when there is one sorcery accusation, there is a massive cycle of violence afterwards. nugai is so afraid of further violence that even though he knows the identity of his brother's killers, he will not turn them over to the police. my time in the country has made me see how it is more
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peacekeeping than policing. so i am here in the capital, port moresby, to find out what the government is doing to stop the violence. in 2015, the authorities introduced the sorcery national action plan. but there hasn't been much progress. we have not actually fully implemented that plan yet. we have brought in proper legal changes, we have heightened the seriousness of sorcery—related killing to a capital crime, with the death penalty being mandatory. but up until now we have not successfully prosecuted one sorcery related accusation. having been on the ground in chimbu, one of the things that struck me is that there is a cycle of violence. surely introducing capital punishment would just spiral the cycle of violence more, because one person will die,
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another person will die, there will be repercussions for theirfamilies. no, not quite. if we do not it will spiral out of control. the government must be seen to be in control. and this is a particular crime with the most serious penalty that is available in the law. one explanation for the ongoing problem is a shortage of cash. i spoke to the local police force and they say they get absolutely no additional funding? that is correct. resourcing police, that is really at the higher level. we are trying to bring the funds available down to the operational level. you are the person in control of all of this. i mean, you are the top man. surely if you can't make a difference, who can? absolutely. in terms of getting the work done, we are in control. it is just the resource allocation bit that we are not able to appropriately resource everyone who is involved in this fight
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against sorcery and sorcery—related violence. in chimbu there was really a sense that changes were happening here, that this was an issue that the government was really taking seriously. but after that conversation it doesn't look like anything is going to be changing any time soon. with no end to the problem in sight what is it that keeps peter going? meanwhile, today's victims are left in limbo. and if the violence doesn't stop there will be many more refugees like jenny and her
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family in the future. hello. quieter weather on the way during at least the first half of this week. mainly dry, but that doesn't mean wall—to—wall sunshine. i hope you made the most of what many of us saw on sunday, as temperatures rose into the mid to upper 20s in some spots. the day ahead brings much more cloud. here's why — low pressure to the south of us not so much a player in a weather during the first half of the week. it's high pressure to the north. the flow of air around that, gentle north and north—easterly coming in. but that, overnight into monday morning, will scoop up a lot of cloud from the north sea, some patchy mist and fog as well. so it's going to be a rather grey, murky start for many of us. temperatures around 1a degrees. with the thickest cloud, there could be some drizzle around as well. just the west of scotland, northern ireland, wales and south england seeing some early sunny spells and on and off during the day.
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but where you start with the thickest cloud, in many central and eastern areas, that will hold strong during the day, although any mist and fog should clear and many drizzles should fade out. we'll keep some sunny spells in western scotland and northern ireland, but by the afternoon there's a chance of catching a thundery downpour. could be torrential, though most of us will not be, and in south—west england the odd heavy shower into the afternoon. parts of south—east england starting to brighten up. a bit of warmth where you get the sun still, but much warmer where you're underneath the cloud. as we go on through monday night into tuesday morning, the cloud holds strong for many of us. just limited clear spells, and temperatures are going to be lower than they have been on recent nights. and that's a trend for our weather in the week ahead. temperatures are going to be lower, though it's not cold by any stretch of the imagination. some spots, as you can see, dipping down into single figures. so again a cloudy, misty, murky start to the day on tuesday. the big picture is pretty much the same, although this weather front is approaching closer to the south. the channel islands will get some
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showers out of that. most of us will stay dry. after that cloudy start, hints of something sunny coming through. perhaps not into the south of england or south wales, but elsewhere, where you can see the land, you will have clearer skies. most are staying dry. those temperatures will feel a bit warmer where you get to see some sunshine. those temperatures will go up a little bit as we get deeper into the week, might even see some sunny spells. not as warm or as hot as it has been recently, with plenty of dry weather around. later in the week, though, there will be a few showers. maybe the odd thunderstorm developing in parts of england and wales, into northern ireland. scotland staying mainly dry. and, although there will be some thundery downpours, they don't look as intense as they have been, but that is something we'll keep an eye on. that's your weather. welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is nkem ifejika. our top stories: donald trump's lawyer says the president has the power to pardon himself over allegations of collusion with russia but won't. pardoning himself would just be
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unthinkable, and it would lead to, probably, an immediate impeachment. italy's interior minister says his country won't be "the refugee camp of europe" and reveals plans for large—scale repatriations. kimjong—un is reported to have replaced three of his top military officials ahead of his summit with president trump. and the new test which could help thousands of breast cancer patients avoid chemotherapy.
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