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tv   BBC News  BBC News  June 4, 2018 3:00am-3:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is nkem ifejika. our top stories: donald trump's lawyer says the president has the power to pardon himself over allegations of collusion with russia but won't. pardoning himself would just be unthinkable, and it would lead to, probably, an immediate impeachment. italy's interior minister says his country won't be "the refugee camp of europe" and reveals plans for large—scale repatriations. kimjong—un is reported to have replaced three of his top military officials ahead of his summit with president trump. and the new test which could help thousands of breast cancer patients avoid chemotherapy. hello and welcome.
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donald trump's lawyer says the president probably has the power to pardon himself if any charges result from the investigation into russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. speaking on american television, rudy giuliani added that the president had no need to use the pardon as he had done nothing wrong. there's nothing that limits the presidential power of pardon from a federal crime, not a state crime. president trump is not going to do that. he's obviously not going to give up any of his pardoning powers, or any pardoning powers of future presidents, but under the circumstances will not do that. pardoning himself would be unthinkable, and it would lead to, probably, immediate impeachment. the senate would be under tremendous pressure. president trump has no need to do that. he did nothing wrong. rudy giuliani — us president donald trump's personal lawyer, speaking there. earlier i spoke to
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gillian metzger, professor of constitutional law at columbia law school who said that this would be an abuse of the pardon power it is a broad power, but there are constitutional provisions, which are long—standing, against using public power for private gain, and the principle that no—one should be a judge in his or her own case is a long—standing one as well. so you would be mixing not necessarily issues about the president's ability to pardon, but basically whether he is gaining from using that pardon. right, i mean, so the use of public power for your own benefit, in this case to end the investigation, to take care of any possible future prosecution, is the use of public power for private gain. the constitution actually does prohibit the use of the pardoning power in cases of impeachment. so you could conceivably find, implicit in that, prohibition on the use of it in this kind
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of case, where the president is himself pardoning, as well. the key thing here, though, is something that actually guiliani mentioned, which i think is right, which is it would lead immediately to impeachment. and, in fact, the constitutional remedy for abuse of the pardon power is impeachment. but impeachment is also a political process. you would need to have both republicans and democrats feeling that it is politically expedient to impeach the president. this is putting aside all kind of legal concerns. yes, you would, and ifind it interesting that guiliani indicated he thought it would lead to immediate impeachment. i would trust that, even in our deeply polarised politics, such an absolute abuse of power would nonetheless unite both parties to impeach him. but yes, it does require — the articles of impeachment are introduced to the house, the house has to impeach, then it goes to the senate, and the senate has to convict by a two—thirds vote.
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one of the things which people in executive office often talk about it is how much these kinds of cases impede on the ability to work and the ability to function, and the president could perhaps argue that this is hampering his ability to carry out his office. it's an argument that you see, certainly in the letters, and you see it raised frequently. i think there's some acknowledgement of that by the special counsel, in terms of taking seriously the needs, as has happened in the past, to accommodate the president's schedule. but it's not the case that the president is above the law. you have the nixon case, when the president was required to turn over the tapes. the functioning of the presidency doesn't mean you get to violate the law, or violate in terms of the constitution. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news:
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after four nights of protests in jordan, king abdullah is expected to ask the prime minister, hani mulki to resign. demonstrators are unhappy at a proposed tax increase and austerity measures — both backed by the international monetary fund. on friday king abdullah intervened to freeze an increase in fuel prices. (00v + vamp) six people have been killed and at least 20 injured six people have been killed and at least 20 injured in guatemala after the fuego volcano erupted. thick black smoke and ash spewed into the sky from the eruption, causing around 100 people to be evacuated from their homes. la aurora international airport was forced to shut down its only runway. security is tight in portland, 0regon, where rival demonstrations are being held. the rallies are by black—clad antifascists, known as antifa, and right—wing protestors in support of donald trump. it comes nearly a year after thousands converged on the city to protest against a pro—trump rally held shortly after a fatal racially motivated stabbing. at least 48 migrants have died after their boat capsized off
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the coast of tunisia. 67 others were rescued by the coastguard. meanwhile italy's new interior minister has been widely criticised after revealing plans for large—scale repatriation of illegal immigrants. matteo salvini says the country should stop being the "refugee camp of europe". lebo diseko has more. at this centre for migrants who have just arrived in sicily, matteo salvini's message was clear — enough of this region being the refugee camp of europe. he wants more deportations, and to discourage people coming to italy at all. translation: it's not enough to reduce landings. we need to increase expulsions. last year, we deported just 7,000 immigrants. at this rate, it'll take a century. we must open deportation centres in each region, making stronger agreements with countries of origin, and renegotiate italy's role in europe. this country is the main destination for people crossing the sea from north africa to europe, and many here argue it has placed
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a strain on the economy. and, while there are those who say refugees and migrants are still welcome, it seems the voices against are louder. the country's new, populist government was sworn in last week, having promised a tough line on immigration. salvini wants other countries to share the load when it comes to refugees, saying it is the only way to stop thousands of desperate people risking their lives. across the sea, in tunisia, the human cost of trying to make it to europe. 0ur boat filled with migrants capsized off the coast near the city of sfax. many did not survive the rescue. some of those who did reported to this hospital, and as the community waits for news of loved ones, the trauma of those still walking after being pulled
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from the sea is clear. translation: water was coming into the boat. those that could escape did. others drowned. we stayed until almost 5:00am. fishermen came to help us, and then the army arrived. working with authorities and countries of origin like this is part of the action plan of italy's new government. but, if the danger of this journey isn't discouragement enough, the victims of the terror attack at london bridge exactly one year ago have been remembered at a service at southwark cathedral. eight people died when three men drove at pedestrians on the bridge, before stabbing people at nearby borough market. a minute's silence was held at the scene — and in the evening, the words "london united" were projected on to the bridge.
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june kelly reports. on this first sunday of summer, hundreds gathered at southwark cathedral to reflect on a long night full of fear in london 12 months ago. leading the public figures was the prime minister. it is less than a fortnight since she and the labour leader, jeremy corbyn, were at a memorial service for the victims of the manchester bombing. last year, 36 people in the uk were murdered in terror attacks. eight lives were taken in the london bridge atrocity. one victim, james mcmullan, was british. chrissy archibald was from canada. ignacio echeverria from spain. there were two australians, kirsty boden and sara zelenak, and three french victims, sebastien belanger, alexandre pigeard and xavier thomas. some were visiting london, others had made it their home. and at this interfaith service,
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from the bishop of southwark, a simple, strong message. for those of us who profess faith, the invocation of holy names by those perpetrating these acts was not only profoundly distressing, but needs to be rejected. and there were the memories of local people. the attack happens in a place where we live, work and socialise. in a few minutes, everything changes, though it will be hours before we'll know the true cost. shocked to the core of their own humanity, police and paramedics still did everything that they needed to do. they made sure that everyone still living stayed safe. the congregation then moved into the cathedral grounds, and here, the cameras were allowed to film the bereaved families for the first time. they completed the planting
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of an olive tree, known as the tree of healing. later, the families moved to the corner of london bridge, where there was a minute's silence. there were floral tributes from some of those injured, including pc wayne marks, who was stabbed in the head and body as he took on the three attackers. among those laying flowers — jermaine bernard, who was on the bridge that night, and in the midst of the attack tended to one of the injured. her name was regina, she was from germany. she came here on holiday and she was the first person who i saw got run over at the time, and, yes, she will forever be in my heart and soul. you know, ijust hope that she's ok. this is one of the most vibrant quarters of london. but today, the pace slowed, as people stopped and thought about what happened here a year ago,
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and all that was lost. that was june kelly on the first anniversary of the london bridge attack. the top three military officials in north korea are reported to have been removed from their posts days before the summit between kim jong—un and president trump. our correspondent, hywel griffith joins us from the south korean capital, seoul. it from the south korean capital, seoul. it from the south korean capital, seoul. is it from the south korean capital, seoul. is very it from the south korean capital, seoul. is very difficult it from the south korean capital, seoul. is very difficult from it from the south korean capital, seoul. is very difficult from here it from the south korean capital, seoul. is very difficult from here to it tell from the south korean capital, seoul. is very difficult from here to it is very difficult from here to tell what the movements are that the suggestion is that three senior ministers —— ministers, the defence chief, general, and others may not be tied in necessarily to the singapore summit next week and we understand that it may be linked more to a decision taken a couple of weeks ago and more of a change of generation but the other suggestion is that the new defence chief is more of a moderate. and more in line
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with kim jong—un‘s current thinking that denuclearisation may be the goal rather than nuclear conflict. it is of course may be part of kim jong—un‘s strategy to keep control of what happens with his military, to get rid of any form of dissent but the reports in south korea suggest, read this as a positive move, south korea is locked in its own ongoing discussions with north korea over the issue of reunification, opening up trade routes and in terms of the military relationship. it is being viewed positively give it very difficult to get the detail or read exactly when this was done and why it is being done by kim jong—un. stay with us on bbc news — still to come: from farm to fashion boutiques — we report on the fur trade as british politicians debate whether to ban the sale of animalfur. the queen and her husband began
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their royal progress to westminster. the moment of crowning in accordance with the order of service, by a signal given, the great guns of the tower shall be shot off. tributes have been paid around the world to muhammad ali, who has died at the age of 7a. outspoken but rarely outfought, ali transcended the sport of boxing, of which he was three times world champion. he was a good fighter and he fought all the way to the end, even through his illness. yes, he did. uefa imposes an indefinite ban on english clubs playing in europe. today is the 20th anniversary of the release of the beatles‘ lp sgt pepper's lonely hearts club band, a record described as the album of the century. this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines: donald trump's lawyer says the president probably has the power to pardon himself over allegations of collusion with russia but won't. italy's interior minister says his country won't be "the refugee camp of europe" and prepares plans for large—scale repatriations. china has warned the united states that any agreements reached on trade and business between the two countries will be void if washington implements tariffs and other trade measures — as the two countries end their latest round of talks in beijing. countries end their latest julian arato is associate professor of law at brooklyn law school. thank you forjoining us. just wondering about what is going on.
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what are the options available to these two parties. if they go to the world trade organization then it could take years and, first of all,, thatis could take years and, first of all,, that is first of all, secondly i suspect this is not the sort of dispute that the wto wants to be involved in. first, you are correct. it would take years and that is what the wto system was meant to do, to provide that but to make sure a resolution would be arrived at within a reasonable amount of time to get one of the major changes since the early treaties in 1947 was to pru cds disputes quickly. it should not take too long in the clay seal span of these disputes. that said, on the second point, the wto would not get involved. it is a big trial of worry and trade circles that it will be unilateral rather than multilateral. be trumpeting
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their station is using national security as a reason for imposing ta riffs security as a reason for imposing tariffs on steel imports from it to go. tariffs on steel imports from it to 90- -- tariffs on steel imports from it to go. —— the donald trump administration is using national security for imposing tariffs on steel imports. we should be talking about trade and not national security at the wto. that is right. and that is why this implication of national security is so troubling. there is an exception in the wto agreements for actions taken in a limited set of national security situations, particularly here. such as times of war and preparations for war, etc. it is often expected to be, in some way, a type of justification for which the wto should be highly deferential. so, granted, the public body does not
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wa nt to granted, the public body does not want to be in the business of adjudicating a national security concern. that said, if a justification based on national security can be made for steel imports from canada or, what is now being investigated, auto imports from canada and europe, then what is the national security concern? at some point the modern lateral system must get involved otherwise this is a get out ofjail free card for anyone who wants to play the system. do you think the trump administration has a case? do you think the trump administration has a case7m do you think the trump administration has a case? it is difficult to say that they do. from where i sit, it is difficult, even in domestic us law, it is not entirely clear that the statute entitles the president to say anything and everything is a national security concern. putting that to one side, under the wto agreements, this has never been
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litigated. what constitutes national security has never been litigated. who gets to decide when national security concerns are present has never been litigated. it is coming up never been litigated. it is coming up in never been litigated. it is coming upina never been litigated. it is coming up in a few cases now and certainly these tariffs will be one of them. should be noted that very few states, including the united states and suggest that only the date can invoke that an hand determine authority a deadly weather the exception applies. entities such as the eu, canada,japan, exception applies. entities such as the eu, canada, japan, they do not hold that position. thank you very much. and there's much more on the tensions between america and the g7 over tariffs, on our website. there's also a feature on why president trump believes america hasn't been treated fairly over trade. thousands of women diagnosed with the most common form of early
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breast cancer may soon be able to avoid the agony of chemotherapy. a study suggests almost three—quarters of women at intermediate risk of the disease recurring can safely be treated with hormone therapy after surgery. annisa kadri has more. juliet fitzpatrick is now in recovery after a physical and emotional battle with breast cancer. she says the chemotherapy that followed her diagnosis turned her into a horrible person to live with. i think, for me, the worst thing about it was the emotional side. i got used to losing my hair and going around bald, but i just felt so depressed, and not wanting to talk to anybody, and really it was just that feeling of wanting to be away from the world, actually. doctors say new research means thousands of women with the most common form of early—stage breast cancer could be spared chemotherapy. trials of a genetic test have found
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that the treatment can be safely avoided without affecting outcomes. the test is carried out after surgery to see whether a tumour is likely to spread, and people get a score out of 100. women who score 0—10 are considered low risk. there is no benefit in having chemotherapy. at the other end of the scale, people who score over 26, there is a definite benefit. but there is a grey area for most patients, who are in between. the findings suggested that, for those patients aged over 50, chemotherapy wasn't needed. it is estimated this could affect around 3,000 british women a year. there has always been this uncertainty about what the best recommendation was for the two thirds of women who had a test in the mid—range, and this trial definitively addresses that very important question. a leading breast cancer charity is calling for changes in cancer treatment. some clinicians will update their practice immediately, because the results of this study are so significant. and that's why we want to see
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the clinical guidance updated, so that more patients can benefit across the nhs. the trial is another step in trying to provide more tailored treatment for breast cancer patients. anisa kadri, bbc news. british politicians are set to debate whether to ban the sale of animalfur. there's been huge growth in fur imports to the uk, up 500% in a decade. sima kotecha has been following the trade from denmark to britain. a mink — just one of the 4000 or so that live here on a farm on the outskirts of denmark. they're bred just for their fur. they grew from this size to, in four—five months they are grown—up just as big as their mother. for newcomers, a bio—security suit is a must, to protect the animals from infection. how do you feel about producing
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animals not to eat but to wear? if it's for meat, it's for meat, if it's for clothes, it's for clothes, i don't see the difference. each mink lives in a cage around a metre long and is fed meat from chicken and pig. the farmer here says that the living conditions and the diet is why the fur produced here is of such a high standard. they're euthanised here too, by being placed in a box filled with carbon monoxide. their skins are then auctioned to clients across the world, including to buyers in britain. according to research, the uk sells £650 million worth of fur every year. in the 1990s, evocative antifur campaigns put many people off wearing it, but, decades on, the amount of fur being imported into the country is rising. fashion experts say smaller
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boutiques are partly keeping the supply and demand going. so what we had with these brilliant campaigns that were hugely successful — designers backed away from fur. it almost became toxic for them to be associated with it, but perhaps they've been a victim of their own success. there's now room, there's a new group of consumers for whom these campaigns don't have that same resonance. we spoke to several retailers, all of whom refused to go on camera over fears they could be targeted by antifur campaigners. some of the next generation of fashion designers say real fur is repugnant. i don't agree with it. i think it's inhumane and almost an insult to animals. as well as expensive, ijust think it's — there's no need for it when, like, fake fur is so incredible now. however, fake fur may not be a harmless alternative. the microfibres that come
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from synthetic materials like fake fur, they're being found everywhere, including tap water, bottled water and in the marine ecosystems. so a responsible society should be reducing its dependence on synthetic materials and embracing natural ones. so, fur traders argue silkworms are also killed for the material they produce and that because minks are cute, they attract public sympathy. but whether the debate is emotional or intellectual, the reality is the uk is a big trader in fur. sima kotecha, bbc news. don't forget you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter — i'm @nkem|fejika hello.
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quieter weather on the way during at least the first half of this week. mainly dry, but that doesn't mean wall—to—wall sunshine. i hope you made the most of what many of us saw on sunday, as temperatures rose into the mid to upper 20s in some spots. the day ahead brings much more cloud. here's why — low pressure to the south of us not so much a player in a weather during the first half of the week. it's high pressure to the north. the flow of air around that, gentle north and north—easterly coming in. but that, overnight into monday morning, will scoop up a lot of cloud from the north sea, some patchy mist and fog as well. so it's going to be a rather grey, murky start for many of us. temperatures around 1a degrees. with the thickest cloud, there could be some drizzle around as well. just the west of scotland, northern ireland, wales and south england seeing some early sunny spells and on and off during the day. but where you start with the thickest cloud, in many central and eastern areas, that will hold strong during the day, although any mist and fog should clear and many drizzles should fade out. we'll keep some sunny spells in western scotland and northern ireland,
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but by the afternoon there's a chance of catching a thundery downpour. could be torrential, though most of us will not be, and in south—west england the odd heavy shower into the afternoon. parts of south—east england starting to brighten up. a bit of warmth where you get the sun still, but much warmer where you're underneath the cloud. as we go on through monday night into tuesday morning, the cloud holds strong for many of us. just limited clear spells, and temperatures are going to be lower than they have been on recent nights. and that's a trend for our weather in the week ahead. temperatures are going to be lower, though it's not cold by any stretch of the imagination. some spots, as you can see, dipping down into single figures. so again a cloudy, misty, murky start to the day on tuesday. the big picture is pretty much the same, although this weather front is approaching closer to the south. the channel islands will get some showers out of that. this is bbc news — the headlines: rudy giuliani, donald trump's lawyer, says the president has the power to pardon himself over russia collusion allegations. he argued that nothing limited the presidential pardon and that mr trump had no need to use it as he had done nothing wrong. italy's interior minister
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says his country wont‘ be "the refugee camp of europe." speaking in sicily — matteo salvini, who heads the far—right league party, said his country needs centres to facilitate the expulsion of illegal immigrants. critics have denounced his plans for large—scale repatriations. kim jong—un is reported to have replaced three of his top military officials ahead of his summit with president trump. reuters news agency said an unnamed us official has confirmed reports that more moderate leaders have been appointed to lead the north korean military. now on bbc news, dateline london.
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