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tv   BBC News  BBC News  June 9, 2018 3:00pm-3:31pm BST

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this is bbc news. i'm lukwesa burak. the headlines at 3pm. as donald trump prepares to leave the g7 early, it doesn't look like progress has been made on trade talks — after negotiations failed to resolve divisions over us tariffs yesterday. and we'll be live in quebec with the latest on those talks. the queen's birthday honours are announced — and there's anger as the chief executive of network rail, mark carne — is made a cbe — despite the recent chaos on the railways. amongst other names on this year's list are former liverpool manager kenny dalglish — who's knighted — and actress emma thompson — who's made a dame. to get this far and to get the accolade that has been awarded is very humbling. more than 65 people die after taliban fighters launch a series of attacks on afghan soldiers — just after promising a ceasefire for the muslim holiday of eid.
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also in the next hour... thousands turn out in central london to watch the trooping the colour parade. the queen and members of the royal family have taken part in her official birthday celebrations, during which they saw a fly—past by the royal air force. in a moment... click looks at the technology behind the world cup: visiting fifa hq - examining the world cup football, and taking penalties against a robot goalkeeper. good afternoon and welcome to bbc news. talks at the g7 summit in canada have failed to resolve
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the deep differences between donald trump and leaders of the major industrial nations. the divisions were laid bare yesterday, notably over trade, after the president's decision to impose tariffs on steel and aluminium imports. mr trump is leaving the summit early and it is unclear whether a communique — agreed by all — will be released when the meeting concludes later today. our diplomatic correspondent, james robbins, reports now from quebec. serious faces, as the leaders sat down to confront the collision course on trade, which so divides donald trump from america's traditional partners and friends. but once they were alone, the talking was apparently tough and one official described strong emotions around the table. the president apparently fired off his sets of numbers, showing america suffering from unfair treatment. other leaders fired back their very different figures. when canada's prime minister met the president separately, justin trudeau tried to sound upbeat.
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we both got elected on a commitment to grow the middle class and help those working hard to join it, and that's exactly the kinds of things we're going to stay focused on. it's a pleasure to have you here, donald. trump opted for a joke, at his host's expense. justin has agreed to cut all tariffs and all trade barriers between canada and the united states. so i'm very happy. so i'd say nafta's in good shape! but we are actually working on it. the big question for this second and final day of the summit is how much can be salvaged from the wreckage of the most divisive first day at a g7 anyone can remember. and if an agreement can be achieved at the end of the day, will it be at the price of diluting fundamental principles simply to bring together president trump and america's traditional allies? and it's notjust trade which isolates president trump from the other six nations. there are big divides over climate change, iran
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and the israel—palestinian conflict. one thing is certain, weather this is g7 or g6+1, president trump will be long gone before the summit ends. last to arrive, first to leave. seeming to confirm his lack of appetite for this whole forum, where he can't make the individual deals he much prefers. james robbins, bbc news, quebec. we will be going live to quebec where we will hear from donald trump it will be hosting a news conference. questions over an agreed communique between the group of seven. he is leaving the g7 summit early as he is heading out to singapore for another summit between himself and kim jong—un. we will be going live to that when he appears. the queen's birthday honours list has been unveiled and it's generated some controversy.
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the boss of network rail, mark carne, has been made a cbe in the same week that network rail itself was criticised for railway disruption. some have called mr carne's honour a ‘slap in the face' — passengers have faced delays and cancellations since an overhaul of train timetables 3 weeks ago. joe lynam reports. it's been a bit of a shambles, really. it'sjust been a nightmare. we were just stuck because there were so many northern trains just sat at platforms because they had no drivers. take the train to work every day? you'll be aware of some of the issues over the past fortnight. thousands of trains cancelled or delayed. innumerable journeys ruined. and all because of new timetables from network rail. hello, everybody. this is a really exciting time to be a part of the railway... and now mark carne has been rewarded for his services to the rail industry with a cbe. he's not talking about his gong today, but others are. i think passengers who have suffered
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enormous disruption this week will be incredulous, possibly furious, to see mark carne being awarded a cbe. but i think it's really important that we are not misdirected into thinking the problems with the introduction of the new timetable are all down to network rail. network rail defended the gong and said people should look at mr carne's entire career, and his tremendous contribution to the railways. here at king's cross station, some services for thameslink and great northern passengers have seen disruption in recent weeks, as a new timetable is bedded down. things are improving, but some commuters may feel that this public reward for the boss of network rail might be a bit premature, even if he has devoted many years of service to the railway industry. joe lynam, bbc news. the list recognises the achievements of more than 1000 people across the uk. among those to be recognised was the former liverpool manager kenny dalglish — who received a knighthood.
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emma thompson, the oscar—winning actor — has been appointed a dame. lizo mzimba reports. commentator: dalglish! player, manager and a figure who gave huge support to the hillsborough families, kenny dalglish says he's hugely proud to receive a knighthood. to get this far and to come out and get the accolade i've been awarded is very humbling. imagine your husband bought a gold necklace and come christmas, gave it to somebody else. oscar—winning actress and writer emma thompson becomes a dame for services to drama. most honours have gone to people for work in communities, people like akeela ahmed, the founder of online forum she speaks, we hear. i really wanted to elevate the everyday voices of muslim women, because i felt that more often than not, they're spoken about in negative terms, but we didn't get to hear their authentic voices.
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the oldest person recognised, becoming an mbe, 103—year—old rosemary powell, britain's longest serving poppy seller, who retired after 97 years earlier this month. the taliban in afghanistan has announced a 3—day ceasefire to take place over the muslim holiday of eid — at the end of next week. it's the first offer of its kind for 17 years. the militants said foreign forces would be excluded from the ceasefire. violence in the country has continued today — with more than 65 members of the security forces killed in taliban attacks. 0ur correspondent shoeib sharifi is following developments from kabul. afghanistan had a warring peace start today with a big number of security forces killed. that is followed by the taliban's
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unexpected announcement of a three—day ceasefire. halting attacks on afghan security forces. this is hailed on the ground from locals who are suffering violence every day because this is the first time the group that has been fighting for the last 17 years, this is the very first practical gesture, the very first gesture towards any peace talks with the afghan government. do we know how this was achieved? what work was put in to arrive at this point? it is not just it is notjust an ordinary announcement. 0r notjust a eid holiday announcement.
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this followed... in the last nine days we have been following some big developments towards what is happening today. the top american general in afghanistan announced last week that afghan officials have managed to hold talks with mid to high—level taliban officials, about peace talks, and that was followed by a grand gathering of afghanistan's religious clergy in the capital, kabul, which called on taliban and the afghan government to stop fighting. which was followed by last thursday's afghan government, a week—long ceasefire which will be triggered on the 12th ofjune. the afghan government's ceasefire conditions — it will not attack taliban forces but they will continue to attack is and foreign militants in the country. the taliban also says they will continue to attack
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international forces, although small numbers, they have emphasised. in fact this is the first time they are talking about afghan forces as the internal opposition, because in the past they used to call them the puppet regime soldiers, but this is a soft tone and a very practical measure, although very small. it looks like there may be some developments followed by this. very quickly. will all the actors in the country and the neighbouring countries, will they be happy with this development? the neighbouring countries in the past few months, there have been efforts going on outside afghanistan. the uae and saudi have been behind some talks and it is expected early
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next month there will be another big event on peace talks. so definitely the countries, pakistan, iran and russia, they have some sort of stake in the afghan conflict, and clearly afghanistan being located in an important geopolitical location, it appears a peace deal with the taliban will be better for the immediate neighbours of afghanistan that have some sort of stake in the current conflict. we can now go to a press conference with donald trump. it has been very successful. we have concluded a really tremendously successful g7 and would like to provide you with and would like to provide you with an update. we are with the legendary
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larry and the legendaryjohn bolton. we had a good meeting on defence and environment and factory on tariffs which is what we are here for —— frankly. i would like to thank justin trudeau for hosting this summit. it has worked out to be so wonderful, the people of canada are wonderful, the people of canada are wonderful and it is a great country and a very beautiful country. we tackled a variety of issues and opportunities facing our nation ‘s. at the top of the list was the issue of trade, very important subject, because the united states has been taken advantage of over decades and decades and we can't do that any more. we had extremely productive discussions on the need to have fair and reciprocal, meaning the same, people can't charge us reggie lambe and 70% and we charge them nothing, that doesn't work any more —— 270%.
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i made a lot of statements having to do with clarity and we want and expect other nations to provide fair market access to american exports and that we will take whatever steps are and that we will take whatever steps a re necessary to and that we will take whatever steps are necessary to protect american industry and workers from unfair foreign trading practices of which there are many, but we are getting them straightened out, slowly but surely. we discussed the issue of uncontrolled migration and the threat that it poses to national security and other groups and countries and our citizens and the quality of life and we are committed to addressing the migration challenge by helping migrants to remain and prosper in their own home countries. a wide array of national security threats were addressed including the threat of iran, the g7 nations remain committed to
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controlling iran's nuclear ambitions with or without them, those ambitions are going to be controlled, along with efforts to combat terrorism and extremism and those who spread this deadly ideology. the nations of the g7 are bound together by shared values and beliefs, that came out loud and clear, each of our nations is totally unique with our own people and our own sovereign obligations, but we can coordinate together and achieve a common good for all of our people. all of our nations. we are linked in the great effort to create a morejust peaceful linked in the great effort to create a more just peaceful and linked in the great effort to create a morejust peaceful and prosperous world and from the standpoint of trade and jobs and being fair to companies, we are really committed, i think they are starting to be committed to a much more fair trade situation for the united states
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because it has been treated very unfairly, andi because it has been treated very unfairly, and i don't blame other leaders for that. i blame our past leaders. there was no reason that this should have happened. last year we asa this should have happened. last year we as a nation over the years, the latest numbers, $117 entree, that is ridiculous, and not acceptable, so i don't blame them, i blame our leaders and i congratulate the leaders and i congratulate the leaders of other countries for so crazily being able to make these trade deals that were so good for their country and so bad for the united states but those days are over. injust a united states but those days are over. in just a few minutes i will be leaving for singapore and i will be leaving for singapore and i will be on be leaving for singapore and i will beona be leaving for singapore and i will be on a mission of peace and we will carry in my heart, the hearts of
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millions of people, from all over the world, we have to get denuclearisation and we have to get something going and we think that north korea will be a commander ‘s place —— will be a tremendous place ina very place —— will be a tremendous place in a very short period of time. we appreciate working together with north korea, they are working very well with us. so far so good, but we have to see what happens, and i will be leaving as soon as we are finished with this conference. i very much look forward to it and i think it is very important for north korea and south korea and the world and the united states. it is a great thing. we will set what happens. any questions? mr president, you are about to embark on the most important meeting you have ever had in your life, what this in your gut,
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how do you feel? everything. this has rarely been done, unknown territory, in the truest sense, but i really feel confident and i feel kim jong—un wants to do something great for his people and he has the opportunity and he won't have that opportunity and he won't have that opportunity again. it will never be there again, so i really believe he will do something very positive for his people, for himself and his family, he has an opportunity the likes of which almost, if you look into history, very few people have ever had. he can take that nation with those great people and truly make it great, so it is a one—time shot and i think it will work out very well for them that is why i feel positive because it makes so
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much sense. we will watch over it and we will protect and we will do a lot of things. south korea and japan and china, many countries want to see it happen, and they will all help. it is a great time, this has not happened in all of the years that they have been separated, by a very artificial boundary. this is a great opportunity for peace and lasting peace, and prosperity. did you discuss bringing russia back into the g7? i have not spoken to vladimir putin in a while. it has been discussed, but we did not do vote saw anything, but it was discussed. some people like the idea of bringing russia back in —— votes 01’ of bringing russia back in —— votes or anything. something happened and
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russia was taken, but i think it would be good to have them back, it would be good to have them back, it would be good for the world and good for russia and the united states and good for the countries of the current g7. the g8 would be better, having russia backing, that would be a positive thing, we're looking for peace in the world are not looking to play games. —— and not looking to play games. the meeting seemed quite contentious, did you get any indication that they were going to make any concessions to you? i believe you raised the idea of a tariff free g7? yes, i did, that is where it should be, though tariffs are no barriers —— no tariffs and no barriers. and no subsidies. let's
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say canada, we have tremendous tariffs, the united states pays tremendous tariffs on dairy, 270%, but we don't want to buy anything, why should we pay? —— pay anything. you want a tariff free, no barriers and you want no subsidies because you have some cases where countries are subsidising industries and that's not fair. so you go carry a free and barrier free and subsidy free, that is what you learn in the school of finance. —— you go carry a free. —— tariff free. i guess they will go back to the drawing board and check it out, but we can't have and check it out, but we can't have an example where we are paying 270%, we can't have it, and when they send things into us, you don't have that. i will say it was not contentious,
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but what was strong was the language that this cannot continue, but the relationships are very good, whether thatis relationships are very good, whether that is president macron orjustin trudeau, justin did a really good job, i think the relationships were outstanding. but because of the fact that the united states leaders of the past did not do a good job on trade and again are not blaming countries, i'm blaming our people that represented our past... it has got to change and it will change. it is not a question of, i hope it changes, it will change, and tariffs are going to come way down because people can't continue to do that. we are like the piggy bank that eve ryo ne are like the piggy bank that everyone is robbing and that ends. larry is a great expert on this and he isa larry is a great expert on this and he is a total free trader but even he is a total free trader but even he has seen the ravages of what they have done with their tariffs. would
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you like to say something very quickly? it would be interesting. 0ne quickly? it would be interesting. one interesting point in terms of this meeting with the g7, i don't know if they were surprised with president trump's free—trade proclamation but they listened to it and we had lengthy discussions about it. reducing barriers. go to zero, ciro tariffs, zero subsidies. and we have got to clean up the international trading system along the way about which there was virtual consensus of agreement and that will be the target, and these are the best ways to promote economic growth and we will all be stronger at it. i was gratified to hear my president talking about free trade. thank you. it is very unfair to ourfarmers, who are trade. thank you. it is very unfair to our farmers, who are essentially, whether it is through a barrier or
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very high tariffs, that make it impossible, and this isn'tjust the g7. we have india where some of the ta riffs g7. we have india where some of the tariffs are 100% and we judged nothing. —— we charge nothing. you can't do that. we are talking to all can't do that. we are talking to all can peace and it will stop, or we will stop trading with them —— we are talking to all countries and it will stop. another question on trade, you said you think the terrace will come down, but it appears these countries are moving forward with the retallick treat tariffs on the us —— you think the tariffs on the us —— you think the tariffs will come down, but it appears these countries are moving forward with the italo retaliations. if they retaliate, that would be a mistake. the surplus is enormous,
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and the differences, they do so much more business with us than we do with them, that we can't lose that, if you understand. we can't lose it. as an example with one country, we have $375 billion in trade deficit, and we can't lose. you could make the case they lost years ago but when you are down 375 billion you can't lose. we have to bring them up, so there is very bad spirit, when we have a big trade imbalance and we want to bring it to balance and we want to bring it to balance and they keep raising it so that you never catch... that is not a good thing to do. we have very strong measures that take errors that because we do so much —— that take ca re of because we do so much —— that take care of that. the numbers are so astronomically against them in terms
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of anything. we win that war thousand times out of a thousand. inaudible two things can happen on nafta, we can leave it the way it is, as a three—way deal with canada and the mexicans, but we change its abstention, or we make a deal directly with canada and mexico —— we change it substantially. if a deal is made that would be a very bad things and mexico. —— isn't made that would be a very bad thing for canada and mexico, but that would also be a good thing for the united states, but i'm not going to play that game. does it have to have a sunset clause question up yes, you
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have two of those. they have been very heavily negotiated. two concepts very heavily negotiated. two co nce pts of very heavily negotiated. two concepts of sunset, we are close on the sunset division. we have one which is five years, you have studied this very well, congratulations. 0ne studied this very well, congratulations. one group that likes to have five years and then a renegotiation at the end of five yea rs renegotiation at the end of five years and you have another group that would like longer because of the investments. we are pretty close. to come back to russia, there is something that happened which got them kicked out of the gs, the annexation of the crimea. president 0bama is the one that let crimea getaway, that was during his administration and he let russia spent a lot of money on crimea because they had spend a lot of money rebuilding it, with a submarine port. crimea was let
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getaway from us because of the 0bama administration. i would getaway from us because of the 0bama administration. iwould have getaway from us because of the 0bama administration. i would have had a different attitude, so you would have had to last a question to president 0bama, why did he do that? but it was done along time. i would rather see russia in the g8 as opposed to the g7, i would say that the gs opposed to the g7, i would say that the g8 is a more meaningful group than the g7. absolutely. how persuasive did you find the europeans and canadians when they made the case that you should not use national security as a justification for tariffs question --? they did not make that case. it is about our balance sheet, is our strength, but it is absolutely national security. if you look at
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oui’ national security. if you look at our balance sheet, we will have a very strong balance sheet very soon because what i'm doing. we have the strongest economy we have ever had in the united states, the best unemployment numbers, black unemployment numbers, black unemployment the lowest in history, hispanic unemployment the lowest in history, the lowest in the history of this country, black unemployment is doing the best that is ever done. hispanic doing the best. women are up hispanic doing the best. women are up to 21 years and selling it will be the best ever in history in the history of the country —— soon it will be. we have to have deals that are fairand we will be. we have to have deals that are fair and we have to have deals that are economic otherwise that doesin that are economic otherwise that does in fact affect our military. what about full autos? —— for. does in fact affect our military. what about full autos? -- for. it is about economics, and to have a great military you need a great balance sheet. as you were heading into the
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talks there was a sense that your closest allies were angry with you and you were angry with them. and you were going for more friendly talks with kim jong—un in singapore? do you view this the same way? who are row with? cnn. i figured, fa ke who are row with? cnn. i figured, fake news cnn. i had no idea after the question i was curious as to who you were with, i would say that the level of relationship is a ten. we have a great relationship. angela merkel and emmanuel and justin, i would say the relationship is a ten. i don't blame then, i blame

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