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tv   Beyond 100 Days  BBC News  June 18, 2018 7:00pm-8:01pm BST

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you're watching beyond one hundred days... scenes from the us border of children separated from their parents are shocking america. but the president says he's just enforcing the law and polls suggest republicans agree with him. melania trump put out a rare statement saying she hates to see children taken away from theirfamilies. her husband though is standing firm. the united states will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility. these are the images that prompted former first lady laura bush to make an unprecedented intervention calling the policy cruel. mr trump is focused on immigration in europe — tweeting that migrants in germany have caused a spike in crime. but that just isn't true. also on the programme..... they called me together and harry
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asked for her hand over the phone. the american father of the duchess of sussex gives his first tv interview since the wedding — and in it he talks about prince harry's views on president trump and brexit. lam arlene i am arlene foster lives in moscow. belgium and sweden are winners to 95v “ belgium and sweden are winners to gay —— winners today. england have just kicked off. that get in touch with us using the hashtag... 'beyond—one—hundred—days' hello and welcome — i'm katty kay in washington and christian fraser is in london. pictures of children being held in cages along the us—mexican border are prompting comparisons with ww2 internment camps. some 2000 children, as young as 2 years old, have been separated from their parents in recent weeks as they tried to cross into america illegally. these are the latest pictures from a migration centre in texas. they are the result of a white house policy to try to deter illegal immigration — it's a policy known
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as zero—tolerance and these are its victims. the images have prompted rare interventions from melania trump and laura bush — both of whom have expressed dismay at the policy. but so far they have not brought widespread condemnation from republicans. and today the president again put the blame squarely on the opposition party. and i say, it is very strongly the democrats fault. they are obstructing. they are really obstructionist and they are obstructing. the united states will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility. it won't be. you look at what is happening in europe, you look at what is happening in other places, we cannot allow that to happen to the united states, not on my watch. well the state of texas has become ground zero of this debate and mat morrison has this report from a detention center in brownsville — close to the mexican border. these protesters are hardly
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alone in their anger over what is going on here. they are chanting, you are not alone, hoping that the children inside this processing centre can hear. amid criticism over the impact of the trump administration's zero tolerance policy, these lawmakers chose father's day to visit the border sites to see for themselves what is happening. they were brought together by this senatorfrom 0regon. they call it zero tolerance. but a better name for it is zero humanity and there is zero logic to this policy. the democratic lawmaker made headlines a few weeks ago when he was filmed trying to access a facility housing hundreds of children. he was denied then, but got in this time. it is this huge warehouse. it was a super centre for walmart before, now it is a detention centre. that is, it is holding almost 1500 kids inside it, walls have been constructed that go
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up to the ceiling, along corridors, because you need a lot of bedrooms created to hold 1500 kids and then to have common spaces as well. his colleagues say they also learned something from that visit. what we have seen today is the direct evidence of an inhumane policy. you can have a secure border and you can still have a humane policy with respect to asylum. you can do both things. the trump administration has decided not to. what led to the rise in child detentions, some 2000 in recent weeks, is the trump administration's decision to prosecute unlawful immigrants as criminals. their children are separated and the parents are taken into federal custody. the president has consistently denied being responsible, saying he considers this is the result of democratic policies. i hate the children being taken away. the democrats have to change their law. that is their law. the administration's homeland security chief tweeted, we do not have a policy of separating families at the border.
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period. but the president is getting backlash from unlikely places, both from within his own party and even his own household. in a rare statement on policy, the first lady's office said, mrs trump hates to see children separated from their families and hopes both sides of the aisle can finally come together to achieve successful immigration reform. but unless members of congress can come up with a solution one that the president will sign off on, the detentions will continue. mat morrison, bbc news, brownsville, texas. the former first lady laura bush joined melania trump in making a rare comment on this issue —she wrote in the washington post "i live in a border state. i appreciate the need to enforce and protect our international boundaries, but this zero—tolerance policy is cruel. it is immoral. and it breaks my heart." but the president's senior policy advisor, stephen miller, defended what's happening at the border to the new york times saying "it was a simple decision
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by the administration to have a zero tolerance policy for illegal entry. period." for the latest we can talk to reid wilson correspondent at the hill. thank you for coming in. let us clarify this. here we have president trump saying this is the fault of the democrats, this is the law of america and he has to enforce it and then critics say, this is the fault of the trump administration. whose policy is this? the president is incorrect. there is a law that has been on the book says harry truman was president and he opposed it. every successive administration until now has decided not to do with undocumented immigrants as criminals and therefore has kept families together. the trump administration by implementing this policy to the
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fullest extent it can has created this problem. this is not something that democrats invented overnight. the last time i checked, they are in the minority in the house and the senate. this is something for republicans to bring forward a measure. this administration has gone farther in implementing this law than any administration since harry truman. but it looks like the president is trying to do is use these children and families as leveraged to try and persuade democrats to fund the border wall. is that what is happening? yes and democrats are warning against giving into this kind of compromise, because the president is using these kids as leveraged. the white house itself cannot quite get on the same page as a lot of these issues. stephen miller said effectively these kids are being used as leveraged and kellyanne conway over
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the weekend said she hates to see anybody refer to these kids as leveraged, but the fact is, that is what the white house is doing, to try and force some kind of political compromise and i do not think democrats will be willing to do it because if they give in here, what is the next app? we have won first lady and a former first lady weighing in on this, but not that much from the republicans and here we are in the primary season, going into the midterms, does this become politically unsustainable for republicans? we saw some republicans talking about legislation that would outlaw this separating kids from their family. fred upton, outlaw this separating kids from theirfamily. fred upton, a senior republican in the house said he would introduce legislation and he wants it passed right away. the question in my mind, is this something that the moderate republican party will go along with or is this a vestige of a republican party that effectively left office when george w bush did. he tried to
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pursue comprehensive immigration reform and this president has seen must less interested in and much more interested in using immigration and issues of us against them to his political advantage. we just saw the president saying this is terrible, bemoaning what is happening on the border, but let us be clear, if you wa nted border, but let us be clear, if you wanted to stop this, he could stop it right now by calling the secretary for homeland security. he could stop it at this very moment. this is something implemented by the trump administration and it will be the legacy of the secretary of homeland security that this is what she is known for, separating kids for it —— the governor parents. thank you for coming in. the pictures are so powerful. it seems to me that the women who have got involved are pretty scrupulous normally about not getting involved politically. what do you read into that? particularly laura bush, she has a 70% approval rating around the country and is
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extremely popular as a first lady andi extremely popular as a first lady and i do not remember her weighing into a political issue as forcefully as this with an editorial article in the washington post that she knows is going to cause ripples and i guess the question is, when it comes to the immigration issue, is the republican party the party of the bush family, the president who had a policy of passionate conservatism, who came from a border state and tried to do something about immigration reform is at the party of donald trump which is more hardline when it comes to the issue of immigration, you would think we live in an area where images on social media play a very big role politically. these images have been going crazy across the us and i think this issue will tell us the a nswer to think this issue will tell us the answer to that question. people are seeing these images of children being taken away from their parents, some as young as two years old in these camps, we understand. that is going to have a big impact. so, we
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will see. which is the party. when donald trump is under pressure he often deflects attention elsewhere. today, his focus was angela merkel — who has indeed got immigration problems of her own. he tweeted "crime in germany is way up. big mistake made all over europe in allowing millions of people in who have so strongly and violently changed their culture!" the trouble is — that's not correct. in fact as our correspondent in berlin — jenny hill pointed out — crime is down in germany — dropping by 9.6 % last year. to a 30 year low. president trump is right, however, that tensions over migration are threatening the stability of the conservative coalition. let's speak to jenny now who's in berlin for us. here is angela merkel dealing with such a difficult domestic issue at the moment and looks to unstable her coalition, in ways a supposed ally,
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donald trump, what do they make of that? regardless of your opinion of angela merkel, you have to feel sorry for her. she has had a hell of a few days here domestically, then she suffered the indignation of having to watch germany loses first world cup match last night and now donald trump is putting the boot in as well. it is a tricky time. in all seriousness, the row over migration here does indeed threaten a very fragile coalition government. i will try to put this into a nutshell, her interior minister wants to implement a plan whereby refugees who come to the german border will be turned back if they have already registered or formally claimed asylum in another eu country first. angela merkel opposes that and says the way forward is to look at a european wide strategy to try and get some agreements with other countries around europe first. the interior minister said he would do it anyway. normally, at chancellor would fire
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her interior minister for that but you cannot fire him because he of the bavarian sister party to angela merkel's conservatives and their alliances are part of coalition government. she is in a pickle and we saw a bit of a temporary ceasefire today, the interior minister said when you come back from the summit of eu leaders, if you can give us something, then maybe we'll will not go ahead with the plan to implement this, but he is playing hard ball. the plan to implement this, but he is playing hardball. angela merkel is playing hardball. angela merkel is determined to go and strike some kind of a deal with the rest of europe, that has been a long—term goal for the german chancellor. she is not having any of this and she reminded him that as german chancellor, it is herjob to determine this level of migration policy. jenny, she has been given this reprieve to try and sort out something that has bedevilled european countries for the last few yea rs european countries for the last few years and clearly is a problem here
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in the us as we have been reporting as well. when it gets to this issue of donald trump weighing in on german crimes statistics, as you have treated, that is not true and i am wondering if when something gets repeated enough, even if it is not true, people stop believing it. do german start believing what president trump says is correct on crime? i think for a donald trump is concerned, most germans are pretty sceptical. you are right, some of this stuff sticks and i think it goes right to the heart of the situation in germany at the moment. migrant numbers coming into this country are drastically reduced compared to where they were in 2015, 2016. there are not lots of people queueing at the border in the way that there were then. and yet, the far right anti—migrant party in germany who are —— michael had a very successful campaign during the
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election campaign last autumn, was based around the idea people coming in and stealing german identity and really making an impact on germany which was entirely negative. it worked, people went out and voted for them and many of them living in parts of the country, where they have never seen an asylum seeker. there was certainly an element of that populist rhetoric, but it works and we are seeing that and that is one of the problems angela merkel has, is not to say there are not problems with integration, there are terrible headlines here, a story about a 14—year—old german girl raped and killed by a failed iraqi asylu m raped and killed by a failed iraqi asylum seeker. but when angela merkel tries to explain to germans that she does not expect 2015 to repeat itself, she is sure is then she will not do that again, it is ha rd she will not do that again, it is hard to combat that kind of rhetoric that you are seeing coming from people like afd that you are seeing coming from people like md and even people like donald —— donald trump. people like md and even people like donald -- donald trump. thank you. we have a summit next week, and meeting with angela merkel and
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emmanuel macron tomorrow, but not much solidarity when it comes to migration and that is the big problem, how to find the political solutions. neither side on the atla ntic solutions. neither side on the atlantic managing to fix it. absolutely. that is at the root of so many problems at the moment. in the last hour, the british government has lost a vote in the house of lords over its brexit plans. peers decided mps should have to approve whatever the government decided to do next if there was no final agreement with the eu. their amendment to the eu withdrawal bill was backed by 354 votes to 235. it means the issue is sent back to the house of commons for a debate on wednesday. it's miraculous that we have managed to hold christian's attention as long as we have tonight, without once mentioning the world cup. but i suppose we should turn to the fact that england are playing; they are just over 20 minutes into their first game against tunisia. i am so confident about
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england's prospects this evening i don't even have to is the hope that kills you. let's speak to 0lly foster who has the excuse of watching the game while he works, because it is hisjob. bring me the good news, since i am english one. are you telling me, you do not have a monitor in the studio? i was hoping that you would not mention that. do not give me that! that is the oldest trick in the book. it is the first thing that you put on. england have made a blistering start against tunisia. harry kane, the captain in his first world cup, tottenham superstar. he missed out at the last world cup, he is there a talisman who led them out onto the pitch for this world cup
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adventure. it was a tarring header from john stones in this three—man defence that gareth southgate has gone far, he came up for a corner, fantastic save from the tunisian keeper but there was harry kane to put it home. the could have scored a couple more. they have been all over tunisia and it has got even worse for them because their goalkeeper, tunisia and it has got even worse forthem because their goalkeeper, i think he may have hurt his shoulder making not save before harry kane scored, he has had to go off. tunisia are one down to gareth southgate's very new and green england team but they have made a wonderful start. the new tunisian keeper hasjust wonderful start. the new tunisian keeper has just made wonderful start. the new tunisian keeper hasjust made another save. a little bit earlier in the group, belgium put down a marker. they were playing against panama. this was in sochi and belgium, it was a bit cagey in the first off, goalless, but they ran away with it in the second half, 3—0, romelu lukaku
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scored a couple. some very good goals but they will be worried about how it took them so long to break down the panama team and also earlier, we saw sweden goaljoint top of their group. they won their match earlier in the day against south korea. 0ne match earlier in the day against south korea. one of those 0va are penalties which was given by the video assistant referee, but we are all watching tunisia losing to a harry kane goal at the moment. but it is very early stages in volgograd. christian you only have to wait another a0 minutes and we will let you go. then you can watch the match. can we talk about that mexico germany match, i saw a flash on the news earlier that there was some kind of earthquake in mexico andi some kind of earthquake in mexico and i thought another earthquake in mexico, turns out it was the fans cheering when he scored against germany! maybe a bit of their pr stu nt germany! maybe a bit of their pr stunt from the seismological team in mexico city. there was an almighty
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cheer there though, certainly mexico have taken over moscow. that is where their match was. i the reigning champions, germany. germany at sixes and sevens, mexico winning that1-0. at sixes and sevens, mexico winning that 1—0. lozano score the goal. very important. germany have to go away and think again, they face sweden next. a slightly sour note is that fifa have opened proceedings against mexico because of the behaviour of their fans. homophobic chanting at their stadium. this is something that the mexico fans have been warned about many times our previous world cups and confederation cups, that come under fifa jurisdiction. have opened proceedings yet again. i will not say it will probably do anything, because fifa are generally toothless
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when it comes to handing out fines, what is $20,000 fine going to do, but that is a slight sour note. they have opened these proceedings against mexico, because of the behaviour of their fans and homophobic chanting heard during that match against germany. thank you very much for the update. you are lucky omen, you can come back. had he got a screen on in the studio? i will treat you the picture. i must say, iam here because i like being on the programme with you. it is nothing to do with the ball, it is about you. that is what i said to my wife. the boss of the german carmaker audi, rupert stadler, has been detained in connection with the diesel emissions scandal. german prosecutors say they took him into custody to prevent him tampering with evidence. he and another audi executive are accused of putting audis with cheat devices on the market in europe, knowing that the vehicles were much dirtier than they appeared to be in pollution tests. three men, who are believed to have been in their twenties, have been killed in south london after being hit by a train.
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british transport police have described the deaths as unexplained. an investigation is under way into how the three men came to be on the tracks. here, the duchess of sussex's father has given an interview in which he shares insights into the royal couple's relationship and their wedding. thomas markle said he was sure meghan cried when he told her he could not attend the ceremony. and despite having not met prince harry face to face he revealed they had held conversations about politics, including donald trump's presidency, and brexit. 0ur royal correspondent, nicholas witchell, reports. she was the bride who memorably walked up the aisle without her father. thomas markle pulled out of meghan's wedding. health problems were given as the reason for his absence. his place was taken for the last part of meghan's walk to the altar by the prince of wales. now, in an interview on itv‘s good morning britain, mr markle has expressed his gratitude.
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i can't think of a better replacement than someone like prince charles. he looked very handsome, and my daughter looked beautiful with him. i was jealous. i wish i had been there. i wish it had been me. but thank god he was there, and thank him for that. mr markle said meghan had wept when he told her he couldn't attend the wedding, and he had wept as he watched the service on television in california. and he spoke about the moment harry had phoned him to ask his permission to marry his daughter. harry got on the phone with meghan and they called me together and harry asked for her hand over the phone, and i said "you're a gentleman. promise me you will never raise your hand against my daughter, and of course i give you my permission". they also apparently talked about american politics and president trump. 0ur conversation was,
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i was complaining that i didn't like donald trump. he said "give donald trump a chance". i sort of disagreed with that, but... i still like harry. that was his politics, i have my politics. harry, said mr markle, was an interesting guy who'd made a good choice in his daughter. he expects them to have children soon. as to the future, mr markle says he's looking forward to having a good relationship with his new family. nicholas witchell, bbc news. 0k, ok, i think that was all rather awkward. it was an awkward watch. i was trying to imagine what the kensington palace press office might have made of it. apparently, he was paid for it and there is nothing necessarily wrong with that but what struck me was first of all, he is
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clearly quite a shy man who does not find it easy to talk in public, that is plainly obvious and the other thing is, given what had happened prior to the wedding, and wondered whether the palace should have sent someone to advise him or to be with him, just to sort of talking through the attention he will have. he has been sort of left on his own with all the press intrusion that comes with that andi press intrusion that comes with that and i am not sure, in the way that the palace now deals with families entering the royal family, but that was a good idea. it seems to me, probably not. this is beyond 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news —we're livein turkey where the final week of campaigning is underway — we'll be finding out what's making this race the tightest election in years. and what the world cup means for russian girls? we report from a football training ground and a finishing school — that's still to come.
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good evening. temperature contrast over the next few evenings. this is this ribbon of cloud. this bubble is set to bring some heavier rain tomorrow across northern areas, but this cloud, essentially separate some pretty warm and humid air to the south, something cooler and fresher further north, the south, something cooler and fresherfurther north, but the south, something cooler and fresher further north, but to the north as we have the clear skies and that fresh air tonight. a few showers across the far north of scotland, 0rkney and challenge, the breeze easing down, a lot more cloud south of that in england and wales producing patchy rain and drizzle in the west. 17 or 18 degrees overnight in the south—east corner compared to six or 7 degrees across rural parts of scotland. so, we have the sunshine but a fresher store —— fresh start tomorrow, when is not a strong. in the south, lots of cloud, some rain and drizzle, mainly on the western coasts and hills. some
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brea ks western coasts and hills. some breaks in the cloud, to the east of scotland, tim rogers could climb to 18 degrees and in the south—east corner, 2a degrees. cooler in the west and we finished the day with heavy bursts of rain developing towards norther ireland which will develop into more substantial rain pushing into scotland and the far north of england, into the first pa rt north of england, into the first part of tomorrow night. that with this bobble on the weather front clears into the north sea and allows a cold front to work into wednesday introducing fresher air for more of you and of course, the brighter conditions. we start on wednesday with the humid air in the south, lots of cloud, showery bursts of rain in england and wales. never quite reaches the south—east corner, sunshine developing to the north with showers for the highlands and ireland but a big temperature contrast north to
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south. the warmest of the holding on the south—east corner but we could head to around 2526 degrees, maybe more. it is that fresher air that winds out into thursday, the weather front disappears onto the near continent, north—west winds, lots of sunshine to begin with, cloud amounts will increase through the day, but still some breaks at cloud, sunny spells and pleasant enough out of the breeze. tebbit17—21d. similar data, on friday as well. goodbye for now. this is beyond one hundred days, with me katty kay in washington — christian fraser's in london. our top stories... president trump says separating child migrants from their parents is horrible but blames the democrats for holding up immigration reforms. the president intervenes in an immigration row in germany. migrants have been linked to a spike in crime when in fact crime fell. coming up in the next half hour... the mueller investigation into russian interference in the us election is biased — that's according to president trump's supporters and lawyer. with just days to go until elections
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in turkey, president erdogan has a tougherfight on his hands than he was expecting — we're live in istanbul to look at the numbers. let us know your thoughts by using the hashtag #beyond—0ne—hundred—days. it's time to investigate the investigators. rudy giuliani, donald trump's personal lawyer, now says that the mueller probe into russian interference in the 2016 presidential needs to investigated in the same way the trump administration has been. the charges of political bias come just days after mr trump's former campaign manager paul manafort was sent to jail pending trial after being charged with witness tampering. so, is the whole russia investigation politically biased, as mr giuliani says, or is he just trying to get it stopped? we are joined from new york now by criminal defense attorney caroline polisi. thank you very much forjoining us. what do you make of the comments from mr giuliani, has he got a point
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one? not necessarily, ithink from mr giuliani, has he got a point one? not necessarily, i think this is very consistent with what mr giuliani has been doing since the moment he got on this case, he has really not been acting in his capacity as a lawyer and more in his capacity as a lawyer and more in his capacity as a pr representative. 0perating under this memorandum which says that a sitting president cannot be indicted for a criminal offence while in office and. so he is gearing up for the political back and forth of impeachment. as far as he's concerned, if he can pursue this witchhunt and get it in the public‘s mind, to undermine the investigation, then he has done his job. he is not concerned with the manu sea ice of the statutes or the obstruction of justice manu sea ice of the statutes or the obstruction ofjustice or a criminal conspiracy in that regard. so he has been doing what he has been doing since the start. and it is worth pointing out that actually there are increasing numbers of americans who agree with mr giuliani and say that the investigation is politically
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biased. let's talk about paul manafort, he has been injailfor four days now, presumably wondering how much longer he risks spending there. but all the while, the president seems to be dangling out the possibility of pardoning people like paul manafort — does that make it harder if you are the prosecution to persuade paul manafort to turn against mrtrump? to persuade paul manafort to turn against mr trump? potentially. we've seen trump absolutely sending these signals, using pardons with reckless abandon in these past weeks. absolutely that is going to play into any potential co—operation agreement that the prosecutors may enter into with paul manafort. but i will just say that nothing is enter into with paul manafort. but i willjust say that nothing is a better incentive to such an agreement with the government than pre—trial detention, which is exactly what paul manafort is doing, he's getting a taste of what could
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potentially be the rest of his life. soi potentially be the rest of his life. so i would think now would be the time he would be really thinking about what he potentially has to offer, really, the special council's office. and i willjust say that it is not necessarily just office. and i willjust say that it is not necessarilyjust a question of cutting a deal, federal precedent is do not really cut deals, they outline the parameters of co—operation agreements and they see what you have. so, paul manafort does not need to cooperate just with the parameters of this case, it is really nothing to do with the russian investigation, but he would have to provide information on everything he knows and then down the line the government could recommend a lighter sentence. and just a quick one, he is not the only one pondering that fate, michael carrick is in the same position and also possibly wondering about weather he thinks he can get a pardon from president trump? absolutely. and all the reports thus far indicate that he is feeling really ousted by president trump and
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separated. there is a question over who is footing his legal bills, which are becoming monumental, they're which are becoming monumental, they‘ re really which are becoming monumental, they're really adding up. people who are more intimately familiar with the prosecutor's office and that is an indication that he may be looking into cutting a deal. he is a family man, he's the type of person by all accou nts man, he's the type of person by all accounts that would likely take a deal in this case. thank you very much indeed. thinking today, watching giuliani on television, he repeats the idea that investigators must be investigated and if he keeps saying it, it's starts to play well? and as caroline was suggesting, people will start it, too. there has been a change in public opinion it appears when it comes to the mueller investigation. it's1-1! what is the
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point? ijust want investigation. it's1-1! what is the point? i just want to tell you that for a zia have equalised! anyway, moving on... —— tunisia have equalised. returning now to the battle over immigration policy in the us. as we've noted, president trump has taken aim at europe, perhaps in an attempt to divert from what is happening along the southern border. but the issue of separating children from their parents has certainly hit a chord and for more we are joined by our north america correspondent nick bryant. let's just start with this club of first ladies and former first ladies who have weighed in on the issue of children being separated from their pa rents children being separated from their parents and michelle 0bama has just said something as well? yeah, and she becomes the third first lady to express concerns. we had laura bush ina very express concerns. we had laura bush in a very rare entrants into domestic politics really criticising the policy very strongly in an editorial in the washington post, likening it to the japanese
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internment camps during world war ii, saying it was very cruel and did not represent america. she comes from a border state, texas and her husband is a former governor of texas. and then you have the even more remarkable in many ways intervention of melania trump issuing that statement yesterday, exposing concerns as well about separating children from families and saying it was one. but one reason why her husband occupies the white house and why melania trump is now the first lady is because her husband spoke so toughly on immigration right from the get—go. member when he descended the golden escalator and described mexican immigrants as rapists. we analysed that and we thought that that was his big mistake but we were wrong. we wrongly thought that republicans had to extend the appeal of the party to immigrants but donald trump flew in the face of that and guess
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what, he won?! obviously, what is coming up in the two bills which are currently before congress is the funding of the wall and that is the campaign promise, wall, is that way he is looking for leverage here, how long can he did in, i suppose is the question? that is the interesting thing, that is what the democrats are accusing him of, using the children who have been separated from theirfamilies, children who have been separated from their families, nearly 2000 children who have been separated from theirfamilies, nearly 2000 in just over a month to raise the department of homeland security, he is using them as a bargaining chip. the implication that he will soft on the policy, and donald, can do that just by picking up the phone, in return for a commitment from the democrats to front the wall, something at the moment they are not prepared to do. the latest from capitol hill is that those negotiations are going nowhere. they talk about social security as the third rail of american politics, well, in recent times it has been immigration. there has been an
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inability to agree on immigration and not just between inability to agree on immigration and notjust between the two parties but from within the republican party itself. and we are seeing now that the stakes are much higher with these children being separated from their parents to level thank you very much. it is the last week of campaigning in turkey before presidential and parliamentary elections on sunday. when president erdogan called the early vote back in april, he seemed to be in a very strong position. but the opposition has put up a surprisingly strong fight. it now looks like being turkey's tightest election in modern years. the election is taking place under a state of emergency. 0ur reality check correspondent chris morris has been looking at the numbers behind this state of emergency and how it could affect the vote. the attempted coup in 2016 shook turkey. more than 250 people were killed, many of them here on the bosphorous bridge. now renamed the martyrs bridge, it is open for business again. but turkey is still under a state of emergency. in response to the coup,
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there was a huge purge of state employees. sincejuly 2016, more than 107,000 people have been dismissed by emergency decree. thousands of others were suspended and then reinstated. those dismissed include soldiers, police officers, judges, bureaucrats and teachers. like aynur. she doesn't know what she's supposed to have done wrong. translation: i have been a teacherfor15 years, my place is my classroom, i should be able to go back to my school, i should be able to get myjob back. the chances of that aren't great, though. a state of emergency commission has received more than 100,000 appeals and it has reviewed 19,600 so far. but only 1,010 people have been given permission to get back to work. the only people who know
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what they've been accused of are those who've been arrested and charged. more than 50,000 have been imprisoned pending trial. many are suspected of loyalty to the exiled cleric fethullah gulen. turkey says his followers organised the coup, but he denies it. some are kurdish activists also accused of supporting terrorism, among them the kurdish politician selahattin demirtas, running for president from prison. this is how he normally appears at election rallies. although last night, for the first time in 20 months, he was live on tv from inside the prison where he's being held. alongside state employees, human rights activists, lawyers and journalists are in jail. more than 150 journalists and media workers detained or imprisoned sincejuly 2016 are currently in prison. the president's view? translation: you have to make a distinction
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between terrorists and journalists. are we supposed to call them journalists just because they carry credentials and id cards? the opposition has always said its firstjob after the election if they won would be to lift the state of emergency. and suddenly, in the last few days, president erdogan is saying the same thing. it may be that he's feeling the pressure. and chris morrisjoins us now from istanbul. having watched what you have seen in istanbul over the last few days, do you think it is possible to have an free and fair election while there isa free and fair election while there is a state of emergency in place?m is a state of emergency in place?m is really strange, it is a kind of smoke and mirrors election. on the one hand you wander around istanbul and there are rallies and flags of every single party. so, in theory or was it a pretty free and fair. on
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the other hand, over the last couple of years during the state of emergency, most of the independent media in this country has been shutdown. so in terms of access to impartial information there are real questions to be asked. the un human rights can said he wanted the state of emergency lifted before the election took place, and that clearly is not going to happen. so, it is difficult and yet it is a mixed picture. as i said in that report, you have a guy who has been in prison for 20 months, the leader of the main kurdish parties, and yet state tv went into his prison to enable him to broadcast live on television. so it is a very strange picture, the government says it can be free and fair but i think a lot of independent analysts have their doubts. it is turning out to be one of the most tight elections in recent turkish history, i guess you could also argue that it is one of the most consequential — what does turkey look like if president erdogan wins this poll? well, don't
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forget he has already been in power forget he has already been in power for16 forget he has already been in power for 16 years as prime minister and then president. i was living here backin then president. i was living here back in the tie when he was rising to pie and it feels like a long time ago to meet. but he is still here, so if he wins he will then assume the presidency with extra powers, thatis the presidency with extra powers, that is one of the key things about this election, that they are moving from a parliamentary system with a president and prime minister to a new executive presidency where the post of prime minister will be abolished and the president will all—powerful. so, if he wins that is another five years or possibly even more and he will certainly be the most powerful man in this country since the man who founded the turkish republic, nearly 100 years ago, mustafa kemal ataturk. and it has always been said that it is one of custom's big ambitions to be there for that anniversary. a powerful earthquake has struck
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japan's second city, osaka, killing three people and injuring more than two hundred. the magnitude 6.1 quake struck during the morning, disrupting rush—hour transport and leaving tens of thousands of homes without power. north and south korea have announced plans to form several combined sports teams at the asian games in indonesia in august. the agreement, which includes a joint basketball match in pyongyang, comes amid a number of talks between the two koreas aimed at deepening their ties. a military hat thought to have belonged to the former french emperor napoleon has been sold at auction in lyon for $325,000. it is said to have been salvaged from the battlefield after his 1815 defeat at waterloo. napoleon was renowned for his military "bicorne" hats, so—called because they had two points. this is beyond one hundred days. still to come... from football grounds to finishing schools — what the world cup means for young girls in russia.
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when was the last time you paid for something with cash? according to one industry body, more than three million of us in the uk have now all but abandoned notes and coins. in fact, the number of payments made by debit cards overtook those made in cash for the first time last year. rob young reports. cash, cheque, card, mobile phone. there are so many different ways to pay, these days. there's been a big change in the way we buy goods and services. it's not the tills that are ringing, but the card machines. cash is no longer king, for the first time. often, i find myself with no cash at all. so yeah, i really do use cards a lot more now,
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especially with the apps as well. i use cash payments more so i can draw out what i'm getting for the week and then monitor it that way. about 85% of the business is card payments now. it's ok. contactless is very popular now. in 2017, we made more transactions using debit cards than we did with notes and coins. we used them 13.2 billion times, last year. that's a big increase on the previous year, whereas the number of payments made with cash fell sharply to 13.1 billion. what we've seen over the past ten years is that people value the convenience of a debit card. they don't have to go somewhere else to take out cash, they can just use the card that's in their pocket. i also think that contactless has really sped up the process at the till and people find it very useful to be able to just tap and go. online shopping is another reason people are paying more often with their plastic. new technology means the decline of cheques has continued. they are increasingly rare. there are now more transactions made using mobile phones and online services like paypal. despite talk of an increasingly cashless society, notes and coins are likely to be with us for a long time yet. banks predict that they will still
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account for one in six transactions in a decade's time. rob young, bbc news. you're watching beyond one hundred days. sometimes it seems america is ungovernable. there's so much partisanship in washington that nothing can get done. but across the country there are communities creating their own solutions. we've been to see some of them as part of a new bbc online series called ask america. the first stop was blue earth, minnesota where many are brimming with ideas and have often returned from elsewhere with a determination to reinvent the community. the bbc‘s tom geoghegan is the author of the piece and joins us now with more. thank you very much forthcoming in. it is so nice to hear that something is happening in the country rather than all the gridlock we get in
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washington. this revival that we have seen around the country, what does it look like, what is happening? it is very refreshing to be talking about solutions. i went along to blue earth, where i could see a trend that young people in their 20s and 30s are coming back to home towns, which for decades they had left and there have been a big brain drain. so that is having a big impact economically and there's lots of exciting things happening, where places are being done up and new businesses are flourishing. i think it is going largely unnoticed but it is having a big impact, especially in the middle of america, which is very exciting. but i presume, tom, that these towns have democrats and republicans so why do they have this can—do spirit of renewal and washington doesn't? yeah, it is very interesting, because when i was there i was talking to people and national politics just did not come up. ithink national politics just did not come up. i think one reason is that they're having to step into a kind
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of vacuum left by the fact that big government can't decide or can't come up with the money. but i think also there is something deeper, which is that there is a new generation of leaders who are much more collaborative about the way they want to address problems, so they're getting others involved. in kansas city, for example, they talk to the university and they talk to entrepreneurs and investors to set the goals for the city and there is a sense collaboration in cities that you juiced not get in washington, where let's face it they're running for election are not and the system of checks and balances do not exist. tell us a bit more about this town of what 3000 people, what took you there? it was a tipoff from a reader. wejust there? it was a tipoff from a reader. we just launched this series ask america and we wanted to find out what was happening in people's communities from different perspectives in a country as diverse as the us and one reader led me to blue earth, where he said things we re blue earth, where he said things were happening. there is a big
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beaming face to greet you as you go into the town and there is a canning factory. and you get into the main street and you can see that it has had a hard time, you can see the signs. since the ‘80s the population has declined by about a fifth but a lot of the boarded—up premises are now being taken up with new businesses by people who have returned, which is really interesting. for instance i met john, who was a construction worker in colorado springs, he brought his family back and he taught himself from youtube how to run a brewery and then opened one slap bang in the middle of the town and he's doing very well. and that series, ask america pavlyuchenkova it online. tom, thank you very much forjoining us. ireland are speaking to mayors of small towns and there was one in south carolina and he said, there are not democratic and republican potholes and streetlights, there are just potholes and street lights and
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we have to fix them in a small town and provide basic services. but there is a crossover here between there is a crossover here between the united states and europe because there is a lot of talk in britain, there is a lot of talk in britain, there was a recent survey, and look at this. 73% of british people don't think they can influence local decisions. and there is this localism which is returning to the uk. we know about the brexit vote but it is notjust about brussels, it's also about westminster. when you talk to them about councils coming together and encouraging local businesses, there is one great example of preston council in the north of england recently offering contracts to local tradespeople rather than these building giants like carillion, trying to encourage local entrepreneurs, and i think we're going to see a lot more of this as people become more dissatisfied with big government. the football i can see at the top of my screen, it is half—time, it's 1-1. my screen, it is half—time, it's i—i. which my screen, it is half—time, it's 1—1. which is disappointing. because
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i thought we got off to quite a good start as an england fan. that is the goal that harry kane scored. and this was a penalty converted by tunisia in the 35th minute. 1—1 as they go into half—time. i told you it is the hope that kills you! sorry about that! let's look at football ina about that! let's look at football in a different way now and the question of femininity and weather the two can go hand—in—hand. our colleague lucy hockings travelled to st petersburg to meet girls growing up with a very different approach to being a woman in modern russia. the girls of the football team have been counting the days to the world cup. what are you looking forward to most about the world cup? these teenagers are passionate about football and very
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skilled at their game. but they're girls in a boys' world here in russia. the training is tough and the girls think big. elena, why do you love football? but the goal for this hard—working coach and her hard—working girls might surprise you. across town, some small girls concentrating on a very different physical endeavour. this finishing school for girls is holding etiquette classes.
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mothers watch with pride as their girls learn impeccable table manners. what would you say if one of the girls, one of your girls, wanted to be a truck driver or a train driver? lucy hockings reporting
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there from st petersburg. shall i show you the picture? that's what i've got. it's fantastic, like being at home! thanks forjoining me, sort of, today! see you tomorrow! weather and temperature contrasts north and south of the country over the next few days due to a weather front. it is set to bring some heavy rain at this time tomorrow across northern areas. but this ribbon of
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cloud essentially separating the warm and humid air to the south and something cooler and fresher further north. but also in the north is where we have got the clearer skies in that fresher air tonight's. the breeze slowly easing down. a lot more cloud south of that weather front of cross england and wales. producing some drizzle over the hills. notice the high temperatures in the south—east corner overnight tonight compared to what we see for rural parts of scotland. a few showers dotted across the far north tomorrow but the wind is not as strong. in the south, lots of cloud to begin with. the odd spot of drizzle. we will see some breaks in the cloud here and there. to the east of scotland temperatures could get up to 18, the south—east corner, 2a is not out of the question. we finish the day with some heavier bursts of rain developing towards northern ireland. that will develop into more substantial rain across
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central and southern scotland and the far north of england in the first part of tomorrow night. this then clears out into the north sea and allows the cold front to work southwards through wednesday, introducing fresher air for more of us. and of course brighter conditions. but we do start off wednesday with the humid air in the south. the front are never quite reaching the south—east corner on wednesday. just a few showers for the highlands and islands. but a big temper check on fast north to south. the warmest air holding on in the south—east corner. mid teens further north. but it is the fresher air which eventually wins out on thursday. cloud will steadily increase during the day on thursday but there will be some sunny spells in amongst the cloud and pleasant enough with temperatures between 17
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221. -- enough with temperatures between 17 221. —— between 17—21. this is bbc news. the headlines at 8pm. the prime minister warns that tax rises will be needed to pay for more health funding. so across the nation, taxpayers will have to contribute a bit more in a fair and balanced way to support the nhs we all use. donald trump has said the us will not be a migrant camp as he defends his policy separating families at the border. the government has lost a vote in the house of lords over its brexit plans. peers backed a call to give parliament a bigger say in the event of a "no deal" departure from the eu. also coming up, england's world cup campaign kicks—off in russia. after an early goal by harry kane, england are level 1—1 against tunisia in volgograd.
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