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tv   BBC News  BBC News  June 21, 2018 4:00am-4:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. our top stories: amid mounting fury, president trump signs an executive order reversing the policy of separating migrant children from their parents. anybody with a heart will feel very strong about it. we don't like to see families separated. at the same time, we don't want people coming into our country illegally. this takes care of the problem. migration is also a big issue in europe — we'll be looking at how several countries are dealing with the crisis. a special report from zimbabwe, where the government in promising free and fair elections following years of repression under robert mugabe. ronaldo continues doing what he does best, and blatter is back. we'll have a round up of all the world cup action both on and off the pitch. in what's quite the climb—down,
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president trump has backed down on one element of his hardline policies on immigration, signing an executive order to end the separation of migrant children from their parents at the mexican border. up to now he'd been claiming only congress could change the policy. there'd been an outcry from both sides of the political aisle and pressure from human rights groups. but he's still saying he wants to toughen american immigration laws. this from the bbc‘s nick bryant. a tent encampment close to the mexican border, that has become a sweltering detention centre for some of the thousands of children taken from their parents. donald trump's zero—tolerance immigration policy has provoked outrage across america and the world. we're going to have a lot of happy people. so today, from the president, that rare thing — a reversal and climb—down, and all it took to end child separation
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was the flourish of his pen. so we're going to have strong, very strong borders, but we're going to keep the families together. i didn't like the sight or the feeling of families being separated. this was a political crisis of his own making, and up until today's turnaround, this ‘america first‘ president had vigorously defended the practice. we want a great country, we want a country with heart. but when people come up, they have to know they can't get in, otherwise it's never going to stop. but these images of children in what looked like cages were too much even for loyal republican leaders to stomach. child separation had become politically untenable. democrats were winning the argument. this has gone on too long, and it must stop, and it must stop now! not tomorrow, but now! end family separation! last night in washington,
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the woman who has implemented zero tolerance, the head of homeland security, was hounded by protesters. if kids don't eat in peace, you don't eat in peace! kirstjen nielsen had been having a working dinner at a mexican restaurant. this stretch of the rio grande river is a popular crossing point for illegal immigrants, and families are continuing to make the treacherous journey across the border. donald trump remains determined to stop them. if you're weak, if you're weak, which some people would like you to be, if you're really, really pathetically weak, the country's going to be overrun with millions of people. and if you're strong, then you don't have any heart. that's a tough dilemma. perhaps i'd rather be strong, but that's a tough dilemma. images have the power to define a presidency. these will linger in the national memory, long after child separations have come to an end. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. helping refugees, coping
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with large—scale migration are of course not just american issues. in germany chancellor merkel, facing pressure from within her coalition, has described migration as a global challenge that needs an international response. on sunday there'll be an emergency eu meeting. our europe editor katya adler is in lisbon. the numbers of migrants coming to the european union is certainly down compared to the height of the crisis back in 2015. but i'll tell you what else is down, and that is public tolerance of migrant arrivals. in country after country across the eu, we've seen the rise in popularity of tough—on—migration politicians and parties. take italy, for example. the new government there says absolutely no more mass immigration. the migration issue almost brought down the government in germany this last week. so brussels is in a panic, to put it politely, and absolutely, expect migration to dominate not just the weekend, but the formal summit next week. let's get get a snapshot
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of how different countries are responding to the migration challenge. gavin lee is on board the rescue ship aquarius off the coast of spain, nick thorpe is in hungary and james reynolds in rome. in recent years, more than 500,000 migrants have made it here to italy. many of them passed through this, rome's main train and bus station, on their way to the rest of the continent. italy's new populist government is now taking tough action. it has already closed its ports to foreign—flagged rescue boats, it now demands that the rest of the eu share the migration burden, and in the long run, it wants to shut down for good the migration route across the mediterranean. here in budapest, the hungarian parliament has just voted to create a new criminal offence. it is called facilitating illegal immigration, and it targets human rights groups which work with asylum seekers. the government argues
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that it is necessary in order to prevent hungary from becoming what it calls an immigrant country. from now on, human rights activists and lawyers could be imprisoned for printing leaflets, or even for meeting with clients. the political clash between european countries over the continuing illegal migration to europe has played out on board this ship, the charity—run aquarius, over the past few days. a week—long, i,000—mile journey has taken 630 migrants from off the coast of libya here to spain, because italy refused to take them in. now, the ship is returning off the coast of libya to take and rescue migrants from rubber boats. we'll be on board for the next seven days, and until there is a resolution between eu leaders, then there is no sense of knowing what will happen to those migrants on this ship, and where they will go. let's take a look at some
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of the other stories making the news. the european union will launch retaliatory tariffs against us exports on friday. it's a response to us duties on european steel and aluminium imposed earlier this month. eu officials said they will target american exports such as blue jeans, motorbikes and bourbon whiskey. british prime minister theresa may has seen off a threatened rebellion by conservative mps who'd been demanding a bigger say over what should happen if there's no final brexit deal. the commons voted by a majority of 16 against the idea that mps should have the power to stop the uk leaving the eu without an agreement. the legislation has now cleared its final parliamentary hurdle — and is set to become law. instagram, owned by facebook, is moving into long—form video. the new service, called igtv, will offer videos of up to an hour long, and will allow instagram to tap into a lucrative advertising market that's worth $18 billion a year.
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the government of zimbabwe has told the bbc it is committed to free and fair elections next month following years of repression under robert mugabe. emerson mnangagwa, who's been in power since last year, is campaigning on a promise of economic recovery. zimbabwe is desperate for aid and foreign investment after years of economic mismanagement. 0ur africa editor fergal keane reports from the campaign trail. ready for the fight but this time, it's promised without a campaign of beatings, torture and imprisonment. more than six months after the army overthrew robert mugabe, new president emmerson mnangagwa with his trademark scarf is trying to reinvent himself and the country. he was instrumental in the brutalities of the old regime but knows that despite revolutionary gestures, people wantjobs. we are a new zimbabwe, we are a new era, we want
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a new solution. president mnangagwa believes he will win this election because enough people will feel grateful to him for getting rid of robert mugabe and even if they don't forgive orforget, they will set aside memories of his party's brutality and corruption. and consider this. an opposition rally. right outside a police station. they watch when once they might have attacked. the movement for democratic change is struggling to overcome internal divisions. its leader nelson chamisa is a lawyer and passed. there is an evangelical fervour about his campaign. i am confident. there is no way mnangagwa is going to defeat me in this election. the people support me.
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but away from the cheering crowds, this is a badly wounded country and victims of past violence find it hard to trust in a new zimbabwe. this woman's father was killed during one of mugabe's crackdowns and she has asked us to protect her identity. there were no clothes on him. he was just lying on the road. they tortured him. he was dead. he had bruises all over his body. i don't think anything has changed. justice was not done to my father. but the pressure to change is immense, mostly because the government needs foreign investment and aid to rescue a broken economy. queues at banks where cash withdrawals are rationed to $50 a day. at a bus station, boarding for south africa in the hope of finding work or bringing back goods to sell on the streets. the economy is very poor. we don't have jobs here. something like 5—6 years
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without even getting a job. so we are only surviving through this crisis. we expect that the situation will return to normalcy. the leaders who drove robert mugabe from power now wear civilian suits. the general who announced the coup is now the foreign minister. have you really changed, has the president changed? from the people who are part of that system of corruption and brutality into people who can be trusted as democrats? i can assure you the president is not, and the president is a different person. he is now the chief executive of the country. he has had the experiences of where things went wrong
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is exactly where he is correcting the issues. while the opposition leader campaigns freely, human rights groups say there has been some intimidation. international observers have arrived to monitor the poll. we welcome you all! zimbabwe is changing but only free and fair elections will prove whether change is permanent and justified. latest from football's world cup now and uruguay and russia are the first two sides through to the knockout stages, thanks to uruguay beating saudi arabia one—nil with a goal from luis suarez. morocco lost to portugal and were knocked out, spain survived a scare from iran. austin halewood reports. before even a ball was kicked, morocco were trying to keep cristiano ronaldo quiet. his silence lasted four minutes. he was at his ruthless best. his 85th goal of his international career, more than any other
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european in history. but for portugal's fans, that is where the excitement ended. morocco were the better side but for all their opportunities, they could not take any. the africans became the first team to leave russia. they had been ronaldo—ed spanish fans know how that feels. still licking their wounds, they were poor in the first half against iran. but their competition looked like they were on the ropes and finally the knockout blow came. diego costa provided, though he did not realise. iran were in dreamland. they fumbled the ball before the var woke them up. it was ruled out for offside and with that the hopes of iran were gone, spain surviving after a scare. uruguay tend to rely on one man and he delivered again. a trademark tap in to mark his 100th international. from that point, their finishing left plenty to be desired but from the final whistle they had finally done just enough.
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they are on their way to the knockout stage and saudi arabia are headed home. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: with more women than ever before running for office in november's midterm elections in the us, we'll look at how the me too movement is inspiring candidates. there was a bomb in the city centre. a code word known to be one used by the ira was given. army bomb experts were examining a suspect van when there was a huge explosion. the south african parliament has destroyed the foundation of apartheid by abolishing the population registration act, which for a0 years forcibly classified each citizen according to race. germany's parliament, the bundestag,
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has voted by a narrow majority to move the seat of government from bonn to berlin. berliners celebrated into the night but the decision was greeted with shock in bonn. just a day old, and the royal baby is tonight sleeping in his cot at home. early this evening, the new prince was taken by his mother and father to their apartments in kensington palace. the real focus of attention today was valentina tereshkova, the world's first woman cosmonaut. what do you think of the russian woman in space? i think it's a wonderful achievement and i think we might be able to persuade the wife, it would be a good idea, if i could, to get her to go up there for a little while. this is bbc news. the main story: in a major climb—down, president trump has signed an executive order to end his hugely controversial practice of separating migrant children from their parents at the mexican border. i spoke earlier to drjulie kaplow. she is director of the trauma and grief centre at texas children's
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hospital in houston. i asked her what impact separating children would have on them now and into the future. we know when kids experience this type of traumatic separation that is sudden and unexpected and quite terrifying it can have immediate effect and long—term effect in terms of mental health and behavioural health and even physical health. in other words we know that in the immediate aftermath these kids are suffering from acute stress reactions. we hear that they are sobbing uncontrollably. longing to be back with their caregivers. sometimes with behavioural regression, where they are acting out or becoming aggressive. and over the long—term we know that can result in ptsd, depression, anxiety and a lack of trust in the adults around them, given what is happening. and children already taken
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will be without their parents for some time to come. it will be difficult, if not impossible, to reunite some of those families who have already been separated. we are concerned about that. and we want to try and help that to happen as quickly as possible because we know that the longer those children go without being with their caregiver, the more devastating effect that can happen. so we hope they will find a way to reunite these families as quickly as possible. chelsea clinton, on social media today, quoted a phrase that her mother used to use quite often. "there is no such thing as other people's children". did you ever expect to see something like this? never. it has been devastating to watch and hear and certainly devastating to see the children who are suffering and the caregivers who do not know where their children
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are at this point and are longing to be back with them. the answer is no, i never thought in a million years we would see something like this here in the united states. when you listen to that audio recording of the children crying which, frankly, we decided people could not bear us to play again, what did you think? i was thinking that the best way to rectify this is to get those children reunited with their caregivers as quickly as possible. and, you know, it almost seems inhumane to be putting these children through this in a terrifying and unexpected type of situation. i hope that this will rectify itself by bringing those kids and parents back together quite quickly. thank you very much for talking to us. let's brief you on some of the other stories making the news. an inquiry into the deaths of elderly people at a hospital in southern england has concluded that more than a50 patients died as a direct result of being given powerful painkillers without medicaljustification.
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the investigation into deaths between 1989 and 2000 at the gosport war memorial hospital found that another 200 probably suffered the same fate. flash floods triggered by heavy monsoon rains in south asia have killed dozens and displaced more than a million, most of them in northeast india and bangladesh. at least 1,500 villages have been swamped in the indian state of assam. officials say the situation is likely to remain critical. new zealand's prime minister jacinda ardern has been admitted to hospital for the birth of her first child. she is 37 and about to become the second world leader to have a child while in office. the first was pakistan's benazir bhutto in 1990. deputy winston peters is now acting prime minister. a record number of women are running for office in the us midterm elections. whatever side of the aisle, many are inspired by the me too movement. rajini vaidyanathan has been to meet two candidates running head to head in pennsylvania,
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a state currently represented by 18 members of congress — all of them men. i was a victim of campus sexual violence when i was in college, going through the criminaljustice system as a victim was one of the worst expenses of my life. i've certainly experienced my share of sexual harassment. it's something that most women experience, and i think at this point in time, we are fed up. this is what democracy looks like! discrimination, sexual harassment, and equal pay, some of the issues that have women talking in the last 12 months. and for many, the only way to change the status quo is by running for office, which is why there are a record number of female candidates in this year's midterm elections. the me too movement relates to my own personaljourney. i wanted to become a special victims prosecutor to make sure that no victim was treated when i was. unfortunately, i ended up battling
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cancer, which made me realise that life is short and i wanted the ability to effectuate greater change. my parents came here from south korea with next to nothing to achieve the american dream. because they were given those opportunities i have the ability to pursue my american dream, which is public service. the area of pennsylvania where i live has been represented until recently by a congressman who was also implicated in a me too movement. pat meehan has resigned effective immediately amid misconduct allegations. i have been a civil rights lawyer for more than 30 years in this area. i have been an education and public schools advocate as well. and under this administration, i've seen things i'd been fighting for challenged every single day. what has been the biggest challenge for you running as a female candidate?
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you get comments always about your appearance. what should they wear, what should i not wear? should i speak loudly or softly? any candidate will get some of that that but women seem to get more. running as a woman of colour, people have been excited about my candidacy. but there is a stereotype that we are seen as perpetual foreigners and i am no less american than anyone else. what is staggering about where we are, and pennsylvania, is that not a single woman represents the state in congress. you are missing something. something quite obvious. they are all male. i did not know that. the fact we did not realise that as a problem. that is part of the problem. i don't know if women have run and lost or if they have just not been running women. there are a record number of female candidates but how well will they do this november? one thing is for sure. with these two women running head—to—head, the state of pennsylvania will send at least one woman to congress.
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a new exhibition at london's national gallery takes what many consider to be a cold—eyed look at donald trump's america. except the paintings were created decades before the businessman and reality show star ever decided to run for president. the works by american pop artist ed ruche examine the rise and fall of empire, as the bbc‘s david sillito reports. this is a story about how the industrial world is changing, through the eyes of a man whose work has been the changing landscape of modern life. almost any change can upset people. whether it is a glorified something or other or the total removal of something. they are
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projects of then and now. ed ruscha stands with andy warhol and roy lichtenstein is one of the giants of p0p lichtenstein is one of the giants of pop art, and artistic passion for the everyday of modern life — gas stations, word pictures, oof, and the inspiration for this exhibition are these 19th—century paintings about the rise and fall of empire. ed ruscha's rise and fall begins with our recent industrial past. the old, very american workplace is now rather less american. a trade school is of course now no longer a trade school, and there's a lot more security. and whatever happened to the phone booth? as you can see, it's disappeared. the question is, is this all aboutjust change or progress, or decline? you know, they have a memorial to them. they say progress, they say and not
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necessarily positive progress, so it all seems like pandemonium, but there is some kind of peace involved in it. peace? peace - peace of mind. evenif in it. peace? peace - peace of mind. even if its moment three. you can still smell the roses. so it'sjust a shifting landscape that caught his eye that's worth turning into art. what it means is up to us but, while ed ruscha's life and inspiration may be los angeles, it's a shift going on all around us. the question is, are we looking at sunrise or sunset? and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter. i'm @bbcmikeembley. good morning.
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it is the summer solstice today, but i just want to cast your mind back to this time last year when we saw a high of 35 degrees. it really was a scorcher on the 21st ofjune, 2017. however, for us, things will turn notably fresher today as we have a north—western flow driving that humidity away to the near continent. the wind swinging around that high, coming through the north—west. that is going to make it feel noticeably fresher out there. close to 19 hours of daylight. get out and enjoy it if you can. a scattering of showers and some gusty winds gusting in excess of a0 miles an hour for the northern isles. a little bit of cloud developing. generally speaking, it is a quiet day. 1a to 18 degrees quite widely. might see 21 in the south—east
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corner if we are lucky. as we move out of thursday, we keep those clear skies with us and temperatures will fall away perhaps into single figures to start our day on friday. lowerfigures in more rural spots, so again a comfortable night for sleeping, a chilly start to friday morning. but there will be plenty of dry weather and an area of high pressure is just starting to nudge a little bit further eastwards, which means we lose that north—easterly flow, with the exception perhaps along that east coast. we see the best of the sunshine, lighter winds, and temperatures will start to respond — highs of 22 degrees. what is in store for the weekend? not much change, in fact. high pressure is still set with us. we will hardly have a breath of wind on saturday. maybe the chance of a few showers just brushing the extreme north of scotland and a little more cloudy but generally speaking, maybe some hazy looking skies but a pleasant 16
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to 2a, 75 fahrenheit. warmer still on sunday. we still have those winds, the high pressure centred right across the uk. very little in the way of rain for the gardens. if you are a gardener or grower out there, that will be a little frustrating, but plenty of warm summer sunshine to look forward to. if you have outdoor plans on sunday, you will not be disappointed. 18—25 the overall high. guess what? there is more of the same to come right throughout the next week. warming up with temperatures likely to peak in the high 20s. enjoy. this is bbc news. the headlines: donald trump has backed down on one element of his hardline policies on immigration, signing an executive order to end the separation of migrant children from their parents. there'd been an outcry from both sides of the political aisle and human rights groups. he's still saying he wants to toughen american immigration laws and may try to force mexico
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to tighten its border. there's widespread condemnation of new laws in hungary, that penalise organisations helping migrants. the helsinki rights group has accused hungary of failing in its duty of protection. european leaders have an emergency meeting this weekend on the migrant crisis. britain's prime minister has seen off a rebellion by conservative mps demanding a bigger say over brexit. the commons voted by a majority of 16 against the idea that mps should have the power to stop the uk leaving the eu, if no agreement has been reached. now on bbc news, hardtalk.
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