this is bbc news. i'm rebecca jones. the headlines at 8pm: a big increase in the number of crimes being recorded in england and wales, with a rise in the number of violent crimes, including those involving knives. it's just devastated the whole family. it's so unreal to us. we've still not taken it in. the new brexit secretary — dominic raab — promises to step up the pace of talks as he holds his first meeting with the eu's chief negotiator in brussels. four months on from the poisoning of sergei and yulia skripal, scotland yard won't discuss media reports that they've identified several russians involved. also coming up — burning the burberry. the british fashion label admits it burnt over £28 million worth of its goods last year to protect the brand. and it's been a record breaking year for book publishers, with sales up 5% on last year.
but authors warn they're seeing less and less of those profits. a very good evening and welcome to bbc news. recorded crime is on the rise in england and wales, and the number of violent incidents recorded by the police has seen a particularly big increase. the overall crime rate went up by 11% in the year to march, according to new figures from the office for national statistics. the number of killings and murders rose by 12%, and crimes involving a knife rose by 16%. there was also a 30% increase in the number of robberies, which include muggings.
it comes as other figures today show that detection rates are at their lowest level for 3 years. our home affairs correspondent tom symonds reports. when more violent crime‘s being reported, this is the sort of crime fighting that's needed. we're with a specialist team tackling the moped gangs, tonight active in west london. suspects are known to carry weapons, including hammer and knives. they use these nippy scooters to steal and terrify, driving up the number of reported robberies. police say they hunt in packs because scooters are hard to stop. we need two or three vehicles to make a box. two men have run a red on a type of scooter often used by the gangs.
just stand here for us. but there's no evidence they're involved in robbery. it's all about getting the officers into the right place at the right time in force to target specific types of crime like this. and these officers do believe they are now making a difference. in their area, the city of london, there were 36 robberies injanuary, in their area, the city of london, there were 56 robberies injanuary, butjust two last month — a small dent in the national crime figures. is it a bit depressing to see the crime figures going up when you're doing this sort of work? it is. it'd be wrong of me to say it isn't. because we want to be out there, to be seen to be working well. we do know that there are days where we will suffer offences because we can't be everywhere at the same time. true, reported crime is rising, but increasingly police also have to deal with other social problems
which aren't crime. simultaneously, police numbers have been cut to 1996 levels. in manchester, that's 2,000 fewer officers and real pressure. certainly, officers i lead and my members are really, really frustrated — as the public are — that we can't do as much as we used to do, or can't do it as effectively. that causes real frustration to our officers, who simply want to do the best job for the public, and that's a real concern. which may explain another crucial statistic. in nine out of ten cases, no one is charged. in london today, there were raids in the fight against knife crime, up again in these figures. the family of daniel fox, stabbed to death in merseyside, believe the police need help. they've been distributing cards to young people, giving advice as to how to raise the alarm if they see a knife. it's just devastated the whole family.
it's so unreal to us. we've still not taken it in. and i think with doing the campaign, it's took our minds off it. back in london, a scooter has failed to stop. contrary to what many believe, the police are not banned from pursuing two wheelers. but within seconds, he slips away. maybe tomorrow. tom symonds reporting there. well, we can speak now via webcam to leroy logan, a former superintendent in the metropolitan police. thanks forjoining us. crime is up. what you make of these figures? is not surprising because crimes been going on for a number of yea rs crimes been going on for a number of years and it's quite clear that less officers are dealing with more cases, and it's now sending a real strong signal that if you can commit these sort of crimes committed to change are going to get away with it. nine in ten are ending up with
no charge, which is the worst i've ever known. and also the met is having to call on the city of london police to build up the numbers for this violent crime task force. that's not sustainable and i hope the political will and central governments and local governments will start to build back up these numbers to ensure that please officers are in the right place at the right time. but i must emphasise it's not just about the right time. but i must emphasise it's notjust about enforcement, it's notjust about enforcement, it's around intervention and prevention programmes to go further u pstrea m to prevention programmes to go further upstream to prevent these incidents occurring in the first place. you painta occurring in the first place. you paint a very bleak picture here. let's pick some of the points you made. this is notjust about lack of resources , made. this is notjust about lack of resources, correct? at about the waste those resources are used. absolutely. and it's also about the cultural intelligence and cultural awareness of those officers. and thatis awareness of those officers. and that is built up through relationships. that's when you need a partnership approach. making sure
that your safety school officers in the schools, they are built with capacity and capability to foster those relationships. so that gives you intelligence and build up trust and confidence that people feel more secure and less likely to get involved in that life. you've got to ensure that those numbers are there, they are visible, their understanding of the communities they are serving. would you accept ita they are serving. would you accept it a crime has become more organised though and therefore, perhaps more difficult to solve and detect? there is that. but most of the violent crime being reported is not involved in gangs or organised syndicates of any nature. most of the violent crimes is involving nongame related activities. so as a result of that tomorrow is having —— we are seeing
that society is... how people manage relationships with no violence and without resorting to violence. you're starting to see this moral shift. you cannot just you're starting to see this moral shift. you cannotjust rely on arresting the problem were stopping and searching away the problem because there is no correlation between search and seizure and knife crime... especially young people, where we see a lot of these young crimes being committed. the trauma, the fear. they are rdf rate. you cannot scare them and say, we're going to arrest you and charge you. they are already scared. make sure it isa they are already scared. make sure it is a corrugated holistic —— coordinated, holistic addressing of theissue coordinated, holistic addressing of the issue and notjust this firefighting as we see at the moment. i almost hesitate to ask you
this question because it almost seems philosophical in a way do you think we are getting more violent?|j think we are getting more violent?|j think to some extent, there is that. but what makes it worse is the media let yourself highlighting this an even more so let yourself highlighting this an even more so social media. social media has been in accelerants to these activities, which i don't think public services are getting to grips with. they need to work with private sector organisations. before, when there was conduct him it was quite confined compared to now. it's on social media and it can go global and goes into a larger collection of people getting involved into these things, and so i think authorities are trying to keep up think authorities are trying to keep up with it but the key thing is, go upstream. understand that education is the key and that is why i am working with programmers, what is reality, to let people know their
rights and responsibilities. they don't have to buy into this. to do that an earlier stage there is less likely of them buying into the night and the gun. it has to be done sustainably, which we are not seeing at the moment. ijust hope the local authorities, central governments recognise we are at a tipping point. things are getting out of control. safeguarding agencies... the thugs grooming the youngsters on the streets are growing in numbers. we will leave it there. leroy logan, thank you for your thoughts. and we'll find out how this story and many others are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10.45pm and ii.30pm this evening in the papers. our guests joining me tonight are the chief political correspondent for the daily telegraph, christopher hope, and the political commentator lance price. the new brexit secretary has held his first talks with the eu's chief negotiator in brussels. dominic raab, appointed
following david davis's resignation, met michel barnier as the european commission instructed other eu states to prepare for a no—deal brexit, the situation where no formal agreement is reached by next march. 0ur europe editor katya adler reports. a new face in brussels confronting the same old brexit challenges. michel barnier, the chief negotiator, has been in on this process from the start. 0ur challenge will be to find common ground between the fundamental principles that define the eu and the uk's position. the smiling enthusiasm of the new brexit secretary came in stark contrast. i have come here today to discuss in detail the proposals in our white paper, which you would have seen.
i am looking forward to the negotiations and making sure we're in the best position to get the best deal. the eu is not convinced of the british line that big progress is being made in negotiations. are you sure? britain was even facing resignations of ministers and state secretaries. now we have a new brexit secretary. which has got the eu thinking that the possibility of the uk crashing out of the club without a deal has become a lot more likely. but what exactly is this no—deal brexit? all of this brexit terminology, the political toings and froings, it can make the brexit process seem very theoretical and far away from our everyday lives. which is why the european commission has come up with this, a stark warning about planes,
trains and queues at borders. published just as britain's new brexit secretary arrives in town. it's a reminder to eu countries to do more contingency planning in case, after more than a0 years of being intertwined, the uk and the eu now break apart without any practical agreement in place of how to work together after brexit. remember these border queues when there have been hold—ups in calais in the past? expect the same or worse, says the european commission in its paper. if freight trucks, passenger vehicles and passengers are all subject to new post brexit checks between the uk and the eu. it's something the uk says it's preparing for too, just in case. the eu paper has more warnings of the potential disruptions for europeans, including at airports. if eu uk aviation and passenger rights deals are no longer valid. for businesses, if the uk is a key export or import of goods, the financial services sector
will be affected, too, and in security issues, with the uk being taken off intelligence sharing databases. despite threatening and preparing for a no till scenario, the uk and eu say they are still determined to reach a brexit agreement. but things tend to slow down over the summer. time for talks is running out, with no immediate sign of meaningful progress. katya adler, bbc news, brussels. joining us now is dr simon usherwood, from the university of surrey. he's also on a panel funded by the economic and social research council, called ‘the uk in a changing europe'. thanks very much for coming in to talk to us here in bbc news. can you painta talk to us here in bbc news. can you paint a picture of what life would be like if there was no deal? all the things we've heard have been agreed around transitional arrangements or situation for
citizens in the eu and in the uk, all of those things were not actually happen. this is a result of actually happen. this is a result of a deal simply not been possible at all and that we find on the 29th of march next year, that all the things we've had in that relationship with the eu stop. we find ourselves in a profoundly uncertain situation. tell me about some of those things. profoundly uncertain situation. tell me about some of those thingslj think me about some of those things.” think some other things have just been outlined in the piece. we have real uncertainty about how plans could be certified to be safe to fly between the uk and the eu. we have uncertainty about what checks are needed at borders. we have real problems with supply chains at different industries, cars, manufacturing, all of these things that move across borders suddenly become more public at it. and the problem is nobody is sure what we fall back onto because the rules of
use at the moment have been around for a0 yea rs use at the moment have been around for a0 years in many cases. we simply aren't sure what is going to be the basis we operate with each other. you say we can't be sure but once that uk businesses trade with the eu under wto rules? will be a problem with that? at the moment, the uk is a member is part of the eu and so there is some uncertainty as to how you translate the uk's commitments from being part of the larger blood into being an independent unit within the organisation. there would be problems with that. some of the things people might be listening... might we see shortages of food? something you've heard reportages of that. you might see something in the short run but you have to imagine that this is something that is not going to happen out of the blue. i
think by the end of this calendar year, you will no much more clearly if this is a likelihood, at which point contingency plans of the time the commission have been talking about. to kick in. can youjust explained to us the difference between the difference between no guilt or we call hard brexit? this is one of the real confusions —— what you call no deal. in that situation, we would have some transitional arrangements to the end of 2020, but then we lose a lot of the elements. the would have some kind of structure in which to work, whereas in a no deal, we simply get to the end of next march and have nothing at all. we maybe have to put in place some emergency agreements to cover this safety critical elements but otherwise, we are swimming in the dark. and just very briefly, i'm going to put you on the spot. how likely do you think a no
deal is? at the moment and i think is probably in the region of 20—30%. it's not definite that is not negligible, and i think that's the real challenge here. doctor simon usherwood, thank you. police are reported to have identified suspects in the novichok attack on a former russian spy and his daughter in salisbury in march. the press association has reported that police believe several russians, identified through cctv, were involved in the attempted murder of sergei and yulia skripal. earlier this month, dawn sturgess from wiltshire died after being poisoned by the nerve agent, and her partner remains in hospital. police believe the two incidents are linked. daniel sandford reports. in central salisbury this afternoon, troops in gas mask again gathering possible evidence of the nerve agent attack. the focus on this occasion, a large plastic container which was taken away for examination. it is now more than four months since sergei skripal and his daughter yulia fell ill
not long after leaving his home here in a quiet cul—de—sac where they'd become contaminated by a russian—made military grade nerve agent, novichok, that had been smeared or sprayed on his front door. the cnn network in the united states suggested today that detectives have used cctv and facial recognition software to isolate pictures of two suspects seen leaving britain soon after the attack, though it's not known if they're russian and it's not clear that they've been fully identified. counterterrorism detectives refused to discuss the reports, leaving only the russian ambassador to comment. unfortunately, we don't have an official statement of the british side. i want to hear that from the scotland yard or from the foreign office. a lot of versions that we hear, you know, in the newspapers, they're not supported by the statements of the foreign office. the attack ended up taking dawn sturgess's life. she's thought to have been contaminated by a perfume bottle
which somehow ended up in her partner's flat. the inquest into her death opened and adjourned at the local coroner's court today. the coroner confirmed that police had recovered a bottle of liquid novichok. one of the last places dawn sturgess went before falling ill was the queen elizabeth gardens in salisbury. and that has been the focus of the police searches for the last two days. detectives now have a bottle of the possible chemical weapon and may have images of two suspects to work with. this unique investigation appears to be edging gently forward. daniel sandford, bbc news, salisbury. sport now. for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's sarah mulkerrins. it's been an intriguing first day's play at the open championship, with the dry conditions
at carnoustie proving tricky for many players. faring best after the opening round, was one of the early starters — american kevin kisner, ended on five under par. 0ne shot clear of that group of three, on four under. rory mcilroy played aggressive golf with the driver today. he is on two under. tiger woods, back after his two—year absence — currently level par. defending champion jordan spieth played some great golf to begin with, but faded to finish on one over. but the leader kisner says confidence is key. if you don't believe in yourself out here, you're going to get run over pretty quickly. i'm pretty sure everybody has good self belief they would not be doing it. the golf course is great for me, the conditions have been fine and going forward , conditions have been fine and going forward, you never know if you're going to have in the sky. i don't think the rain is going to affect how the golf course is playing
one—day but ijust am going to give you i'm doing. even if you play aggressive around here, you might make more bogies but you're definitely going to make more birdies as well. you believe yourself more bertie looks, and that's what i had to do. that's my game plan this week and i'm convinced that's the way i should play it — — convinced that's the way i should play it —— you give yourself more looks. team sky's geraint thomas has extended his lead at the tour de france with a thrilling victory on stage 12, on the top of alpe d'huez. he sprinted clear of team—mate chris froome and tom dumoulin, for his second stage win in two days. drew savage has more. the smile of a man still taking in what he has just done. it's quite something to wear yellow jersey at the tour de france but another level entirely to win a stage while wearing it, racing up the heavy corners on one of cycling's most famous climbs. he may have a yellowjersey
but thomas' job is to still support his leader, chris froome. thirsty work, the battle for the race lead went all the way. thomas's role, to close down chris froome's rivals, and he did it brilliantly. romain bardet and then tom dumoulin tried, but they could not escape the pairfrom team sky. all the favourites together on the final corner, and the welshman showed his class. if the fifth tour win for chris froome is still plan a, then this was a brilliant distraction. extending his lead to one minute 39 seconds, team orders may come into play later in the race, but for now, thomas is enjoying the ride! drew savage, bbc news. hibs are among those in action tonight in the first round of the europa league qualifying. they're currently losing 3—2 in the second leg, so that's still a 8—a lead on aggregate. cliftonville are losing 2—1 at nordshelland, and losing 3—1 on aggregate. not long left in that one. coleraine are 1—0 down
to spa rtak subotica. 2—1 on aggregate. earlier, derry city went out, as did glenavon. full details on the website. wigan warriors take on st helen's in tonight's big super league game. just over half an hour gone, st helens are 8—0 up with after a try from dominique peyroux. wigan crumbling at the back under early pressure from st helen's. perhaps not hugely surprising but lewis hamilton has confirmed he will be staying with mercedes for another two years, after signing a new contract that will see him earn over 30 million a year. the reigning world champion tweeted this photo of himself earlier saying he's incredibly proud of what they've achieved together and even more excited for the future. earlier, he described the new contract as "a formality." that, rebecca, is all the sport for now. i'll have more for you in sportsday at half past ten. look forward to it. thank you.
the discount retailer poundworld is to close all of its remaining 190 stores next month. in recent years, the company has struggled to compete with its rivals and has suffered because of the drop in the value of the pound. in total, the collapse of the chain will result in the loss of more than 5,000 jobs. cathy killick looks back at the rise and fall of poundworld. it's a swift and brutal end for a retail chain founded in wakefield in 197a by a father and son team. chris edwards learned the value of a bargain running a market stall for 12 years. his simple pricing proved irresistible to customers, and during the recession, the shops boomed, and a private equity firm bought a majority stake in the company. announcing a major expansion just three years ago in 2015, chris edwards said low prices were the secrets of poundworld's success. in retail, it's value for money. especially these days,
after the so—called recession, there's just no secret. it's just value for money. in our particular case, we opened a buying office in shanghai. we deal with all the top brands — cadburys, coca—cola — and we stretch the value. and i think people just appreciate that. but with the value of the pound falling, making his chinese imports more expensive, maintaining value for money has proved tricky. and customers are looking for bargains elsewhere. the huge multi—million pound distribution centre built in normanton so optimistically also added to the firm's overheads. now it will close tomorrow, with the loss of 299 jobs, and the stores uk wide will follow — with more job losses and leaving yet another hole in our high streets, as retail reels from cut—throat competition in cyberspace. cathy killick, bbc look north. students have painted over a mural featuring rudyard kipling's poem if, in a stand against what they say
is his racist work. students at manchester university replaced the poem with a piece by maya angelou. 0ur education correspondent elaine dunkley has the story. students at the university of manchester painting over the poem if, one of rudyard kipling's most famous works. it's being replaced with still i rise by the african—american author and black civil rights activist, maya angelou. you may write me down in history... with your bitter, twisted lies... you may trod me in the very dirt... but still, like dust, i rise. i felt angry. i felt a very strong, emotional reaction. these students say it's about challenging ideas about historical figures celebrated on campuses. we want to make sure those brown and black voices are heard, and we want... that's literally what our students want, so that's why we decided to take this stance as a whole team. is this sanitising? you can see physically on the wall, we made the decision not
to completely erase kipling's poem. you can still see it in the background, it's been smudged over, but our intention was that people would come up to the wall and they would see this piece of art and they would ask questions. so they would be, like, "what was there before? why was it painted over?" rudyard kipling was born in india in 1865. his books include children's classics such as thejungle book. but there is also a darker side to his work which celebrates colonialism, imperialism and empire. chanting: rhodes must fall! take it down! controversial figures of the past present modern—day dilemmas. at oxford university, there's been a high profile campaign to remove a statue of imperialist cecil rhodes, but some argue it's sanitising history. if we didn't read kipling in the early 21st century, if we didn't read him as part of a wider and nuanced understanding of what empire was and how it came about, then we lose an important part of the story. it's immensely important to look at what we call the subalterns — in other words, what we call
the victims of empire. whilst to some it's rewriting and whitewashing the past, the challenge on campuses is addressing a lack of visible black influential figures and reviewing history with a different lens. elaine dunkley, bbc news. it has been one of the warmest and driest summers in living memory. that's great if you're heading for the beach, but not so good for the garden — as satellite images released by the met office reveal. this is the uk back in may, looking very green and pleasant. and this is just two months later in july, looking rather brown and scorched. his rain on the way? good evening. it's been another fine day for many of us, but cloud amounts have slowly but surely increasing across northwestern areas,
and that is a sign of a change, a temporary one but a change nonetheless. some rain moving in across western scotland and northern ireland through the night. some of this rain will be on the heavy side. further south and east, it stays dry. with some clear spells. and actually, particularly across the southeastern corner, it will be quite warm and quite muggy. so we go on into tomorrow, our band of rain sitting first thing across scotland and northern ireland. it'll then sink its way into parts of northern england, wales, eventually some patchy rain into the southwest. and further south and east, more in the way of sunshine through the day, but the chance of some scattered showers and thunderstorms breaking out into the afternoon. quite hit and miss, but some of these could be pretty heavy. temperatures in the southeast corner up to 27 degrees, cooler where we keep more cloud for scotland and northern ireland. temperatures, though, on the rise through the weekend. could well touch 30 degrees on sunday. a lot of dry weather but with more cloud towards the northwest. hello this is bbc news. the headlines. reports of violent crime are on the rise in england and wales
according to figures released today — with the number of killings increasing for the fourth year running. the new brexit secretary dominic raab says his first talks with the eu chief negotiator in brussels have been "very constructive". four months on from the poisoning of sergei and yulia skripal, scotland yard won't discuss media reports that they've identified several russians involved. and good news for book publishers as sales of books increased over the last year, we'll hear from an author about whether it's good news for writers' profits too.... the government's chief whipjulian smith is facing calls to make a statement to parliament after claims of "underhand tactics" during this week's knife—edge commons votes on brexit. earlier our political correspondent leila nathoo explained why he is under pressure. pairing isa
pairing is a parliamentary convention, a kind of agreement between parties when you have got an mp who will be absent from a vote. it is agreed between opposing parties that an mp from an opposition party who will vote in a different way will not actually cast their vote and in fact the votes are cancelled out. this can be done when an mp is on maternity leave or it can be done if there will be an absence that is known on the night. cast your mind back to earlier in the wake when we were discussing those close votes on brexit legislation going through the commons. 0n legislation going through the commons. on tuesday night, there we re commons. on tuesday night, there were a couple of votes on amendments to the trade bill going through the commons and they were really close votes a nd commons and they were really close votes and it was to the wire as to whether the government would win. there was a band of rebels who could
have voted against the government. what transpired was that one mp, jo swinson, the liberal democrat who is on maternity leave, she was paired with the conservative party chairman, brandon lewis and in that agreement, brandon lewis would not have voted because she would not be there. it turned out that the close votes, brandon lewis did in fact vote. jo swinson is very angry saying that this was a breach of an agreement, this was a cold, an arrangement between parties. brandon lewis said it was an honest mistake, made in hectic circumstances. he said he did not mean to do it and julian smith, the chief whip apologise, saying this was not meant to happen. here is a bit of brandon lewis being asked about it. what happened last night with the pairing incident? what happened? why did you
not stick to the agreement? you went through the division lobbies. what happened? you're not going to answer our questions? some mps do not believe it was a mistake. what is your response? was really a mistake that you went through the division lobbies? i will text you at six. theresa may also said that it was done as a mistake. she was asked about it yesterday and she said it was not good enough, but it was done asa was not good enough, but it was done as a mistake and there was a consideration of looking up proxy voting instead of this arrangement. what happened this morning is that there were further report saying that in fact three tory mps had been asked by the chief whip, julian smith, to break their pairing arrangements. there were a number of
arrangements. there were a number of arrangement is going on between mps of different parties on that evening on tuesday and there were reports in the times suggesting that three tory mps had in fact been asked to break those pairing arrangements because of just how tight the votes where. in the event that there were more than one or two votes in it, but they were very close, those reports in the times were raised today earlier in the commons and here is andrea leadsom commenting on those. it is of deep regret to me, that that breaking of the pair happened in error. i assured the house yesterday that it was a error that the cheap web and my right honourable friend, the member for great yarmouth, had both apologise for. there were three pairs on tuesday and i myself was one of them andl tuesday and i myself was one of them and i did not receive any call from anyone telling me to vote. conservative party sources still
maintain that the jo swinson breakdown of the arrangement, the breakdown of the arrangement, the breakdown where it jo breakdown of the arrangement, the breakdown where itjo swinson, her hair, brandon lewis and voted, they are insisting that that was a mistake but it is understood that there was consideration by the chief whip of deliberately breaking other short—term pairing arrangements, arrangements that were put together on an ad hoc basis by that night for a particular votes when mps had other commitments or were out of the country. it is understood that none of those actually went ahead, but the fact that there was a consideration of breaking these arrangements, which is in effect what keeps parliamentary votes going, when mps have to vote physically in person, go through the voting lobbies, that has caused quite a lot of anger. it has been raised with them the last half an hourin raised with them the last half an hour in the commons by the labour mp wes streeting. they do not like to hear about here is what one
honourable member from the conservative and his is quoted as saying. julian told me i was needed and told me to come in and vote. of course he knew i was paired, i did not vote and honoured my parents and he demanded to know why not afterwards. it then appears he told the prime minister it was all an honest mistake. now, i have no doubt orany honest mistake. now, i have no doubt or any reason not to believe that the leader of the house is only relying what she has been told to say. so, given this, how can we compel the cheap web to come to the dispatch box to account for his actions, because if the trust of the pairing system has been abused in this way, he must surely now resign. clearly some pressure now on the chief whip, julian smith. we have not heard from him today or heard from him beyond his initial apology tojo swinson from him beyond his initial apology to jo swinson for the breakdown from him beyond his initial apology tojo swinson for the breakdown in pairing arrangements. it is a
crucial part of parliamentary procedure and how voting takes place and when we are talking about crucial bits of legislation when the sta kes a re crucial bits of legislation when the stakes are very high, there is clearly quite a lot at stake and quite a lot going on. the government chief whip is under pressure to explain himself either in the commons or, as you heard there, calls from labour and liberal democrats to come and explain himself. they say if it is true that he arranged for those arrangements to be he should resign. when was the last time you bought a book? if recently, you're not alone because book sales had a record—breaking year. income from sales went up 5 percent last year and the publishing industry is now worth a massive 5.7 billion pounds according to new figures. danny savage has been finding out what's behind the rise. books are back, bucking the trend against life lived through a screen. 0ur story starts in
a book shop in york. if you want a signed copy of this novel that would not be too much bother, in fact you'd be hard—pressed to find one that is not signed because this is the author shortlisted for the manbooker prize who sells books. i think people like the experience of holding a book and turning the pages and feeling the experience of going from the start of a book to the end of a book. i think people love the smell of books. the way that they look. and i think there is something in finishing a book, putting it on your shelf, and be able to show your friends that book, which you cannot do if you are reading on an e—reader. sales for the uk reached £5.7 billion, a record—breaking year for the publishing industry. export income was also up 8%, at £3.a billion. keeping the uk's place as the number one exporter of books in the world. i think we are just really good at producing desirable objects that are books. we've got some of the best
writers in the world. we have some of the best illustrators in the world. the publishing industry really celebrates the beauty of books. then there is the old saying, neverjudge a book by its cover. that's a bit of an issue these days because part of the attraction of the british book market to foreign buyers is the vibrancy and variety of all the covers. and it can be argued you are never too young to start. four—month—old martha was today being bought her first books for future reference. she's just starting to become really aware of colours and textures and things. i mean, kindles and electronic items, you don't really get that from them. books are a current business success story in britain. societies still has a big attachment to the printed word. danny savage, bbc news, york. well here in the studio with me is author fiona mozley who is one of the very recent recipients of the somerset maugham awards
from the society of authors for her novel elmet. you have only won within the last hour! the award ceremony wasjust down the road and i have arrived here within the last five minutes. congratulations. the death of the hardback has congratulations. the death of the hard back has been congratulations. the death of the hardback has been predicted since about the 1990s and maybe even more but yet we have this resurgence. what has happened? i think people are fed up of their whole lives being mediated by screams. i spend a lot of my time on my phone and on the computer and i watch tv as we all do and! the computer and i watch tv as we all do and i think there is something really nice about sitting away from those electronic devices and sitting with a book. it is nice to have the physical copy that you can put on your shelf at the end.
the history of our lives is written on our book shelves in a way and i have a book shelf that goes back to when i was a child and it is a nice things to remember those reading experiences. it seems that publishers have made an effort to make books look more beautiful.” think that is fair and it is lovely to see that. i know as an author that it to see that. i know as an author thatitis to see that. i know as an author that it is one of the nicest things, the collaborative process, it is not just me writing the words, it is someone putting them together and printing them and putting on a beautiful cover and putting it into the world. it is teamwork. i think the world. it is teamwork. i think the lot of effort has gone into making the physical book a really special thing. this is good news for publishers, book sales are up, what about authors, are they seeing more money? the society of authors has done some research to suggest that is not really the case. i think when the profits of publishers were being
hit by ebooks and the recession, certain changes were made to try and squeeze the margins and now that publishing is going through a good period, it seems it is not being reflected in what authors are earning. can you give us a sense of what an author, you had extraordinary success with your first novel, shortlisted for the man booker prize, what would a published author possibly be earning in a year? it is less than £10,000 a year. the society of authors has done research across a number of different writers, writing different genres and the income is far below what the average income in the uk is. despite your success, you still have another job? is. despite your success, you still have anotherjob? i still work in a book shop. it is partly a nice way to supplement my income and it is also a labour of love, i like having
also a labour of love, i like having a job that keeps me in touch with people and things which are not my la ptop people and things which are not my laptop and my next novel. as you say, i have had a lot of success and iam doing say, i have had a lot of success and i am doing fine, but there is the sense that i do have to keep being successful otherwise i will not make enough to support myself and i have to certainly obviously be very careful with the money that i have been earning, because you get it all of ones and writing a book actually ta kes a of ones and writing a book actually takes a number of years. it has to stretch over that time. this is not about me, i have done pretty well. in general, authors earnings are being hit a little bit and i think we really have to appreciate that authors are hugely important part of our society. i am authors are hugely important part of our society. iam not authors are hugely important part of our society. i am not making grandiose claims about myself but in general it is important to have people writing the stories and making incisive comments about the world and i think as a society we maybe need to support those people a
little bit. we have got to leave it there, go and enjoy your evening. thank you so much for coming in to talk to us. thank you. president trump has rejected president putin's proposal that russian authorities should be allowed to question american citizens after the initial offer drew fierce criticism in the us. one of the people putin wants to question is arguably his most vocal critic bill browder who championed the legislation that imposed us sanctions on russia. this evening browder criticised trump and the white house for their u—turn. imean, i mean, look at the situation. but amir putin wants me dead and there are ten other us government officials who assisted me in getting the act passed and people in law enforcement who are investigating organised russian time and money laundering connected to that crime and putin asks for all these people to be handed over and trump says he thinks it is a genius idea and sarah
saunders says they are thinking about it. it is quite extraordinary. french prosecutors have opened an investigation into one of president macron's senior aides for allegedly assaulting a demonstrator. if follows video footage of a man wearing a policemen's helmet hitting a protester during may day demonstrations. he's been identified as an assistant to mr macron's chief of staff. our correspondent hugh schofield reports from paris. this is the moment that was caught on mobile phone camera. after a protester has been wrestled to the ground, the man in plain clothes and police helmet appears from behind, grabs him by the neck and hits him. shouting. it happened more than two months ago during violent protests on may the 1st, but now we know the identity of the man. he is alexandre benalla and what is shocking is that he is a senior member
of president macron's personal security detail. he was in charge of security during last year's election campaign and has often been there as a bodyguard when the president and his wife travel around the country. the opposition says that there are serious questions to be answered. translation: first of all, how was it possible that one of macron's close aides who was in charge of his security detail during his campaign, who is deputy to his chief of staff, could do this at a protest? who knew about it, who was involved? the questions to ask after seeing this video, the second question is, was something done to hush up this affair? no one is suggesting that president macron should be held responsible, because a security official goes rogue. the question is more, why, once the elysee knew what alexandre benalla had done, which they did pretty soon after the event, why did they notjust sack him or turn him in for possible criminal charges?
because after being punished with a two—week suspension, today alexandre benalla is still working at the elysee. he was even on the bus as the victorious french football team came down the champs—elys es on monday on its way to meeting the president. today, president macron pointedly avoided answering questions on the affair. but the pressure is on. can he afford to hold onto this errant aide? hugh schofield, bbc news, paris. the dry, hot summer has brought moorland fires and hosepipe bans across different parts of the uk. many places haven't had any rain since the end of may. now experts are warning about the rapid spread of toxic blue—green algae in rivers, lakes and ponds. it can be hazardous to both humans and animals. stuart flinders reports from cumbria. the higher temperatures, the lower rainfall, are ideal conditions for the appearance of blue green algae, a green sheen on the surface of a lake and scum on the shoreline
ring alarm bells for the experts who regularly carry out chemical tests to establish its presence. so we are looking at the water quality sample in the bottles that we collect. we send those off to our lab and we are looking for the presence of blue green algae and once we have that confirmed or not, we will inform the landowner and the local authorities so they can put signage out and warn the public. blue green algae has now been found in four locations in the lake district. it can lead to vomiting and skin rashes and elsewhere is believed to have caused the death of some dogs. we all want to go into the lakes and enjoy them when it is warm and sunny like this. it is a really hard message, but for those lakes where we are seeing blue green algae, we are really encouraging people to not go swimming in them, to not let their dogs into them. the warning signs have appeared by the lakeside at coniston. we didn't let her into the water. some people on the site with us, their dogs have been in the water all week and they have been fine, so we did not let her in until then.
but if we see any, if it builds up a bit, we won't let her in. i hate water, i cannot swim, i'm frightened to death of it. i'm more afraid of the water than the algae. earlswater is one of the locations affected, but united utilities has applied for a permit to extract more water from the lake and from from the lake and from windermere and ennererdale water. the company is introducing a hosepipe ban in the north—west on the 25th of august. supplies are dwindling and there is still no sign of substantial rainfall. stuart flinders, bbc north west tonight. to some controversy in the fashion world now, after it emerged that burberry, the high—end british fashion label, burned and destroyed 28—point—6 million pounds worth of unsold clothes, accessories and perfume last year. experts say limiting any surplus product is crucial to keeping the brand exclusive but environmental campaigners are angry about the level of waste. i'm joined now by basma khalifa, a fashion
stylist and brand expert. welcome to you. talk to us. why do browns burned and destroy what they clearly see as u nwa nted destroy what they clearly see as unwanted products? it all comes down to brand protection. they spent thousands of pounds creating a brand, they have a target market and they want to hit it and if they see people wearing things that they do not necessarily want them to wear, they need to protect them. i think there are huge issues with destroying things, but from a brand perspective, i can see why they do it. is this about them not wanting the wrong people to where it? fashion clothing is a hierarchy, rich people where rich clothes, but people of a certain demographic where high street clothes and i get it that the high end need to keep their clientele. burberry is in the
spotlight, but how common is it? everyone does it. if i am honest, it is not just burberry everyone does it. if i am honest, it is notjust burberry who does it.“ it confined to luxury brands? not at all. i have worked with high street brands, i worked all. i have worked with high street brands, iworked in all. i have worked with high street brands, i worked in retail at university and there are plenty of brands who would do it at the end of sales. some would say produce fewer clothes ? sales. some would say produce fewer clothes? that is why the sales exist to get rid of excess top, i don't think any brand can predict how much people will buy. why not give the clothes away or recycle them or donate them to staff? there are other more sustainable ways of getting rid of it. i agree, there are other sustainable ways, but i think giving it away to start is an option but i do not think they will naturally give them away to anyone because the only one certain people
to wear them and i think that from a sustainable point of view, they should not be destroyed, because of manpower and the amount of material and the amount of work involved in making clothes and perfume. but from a brand point of view, i can get how they want to deplete the issue and get rid of the excess. if we talk about burberry, they are losing. they feel if they can lose 90 million overfive they feel if they can lose 90 million over five years and they can swallow that course, that is a decision for them to make. absolutely. is it morally right? is it ever? it is not morally correct and we are talking about these brands that sell bags for ten grand, but if we want to talk morals, we should be talking about the 80 million tonnes of food that is wasted in europe and the uk and the water that is wasted. we have an issue in the western world of our
moral standing and they think clothes are not where our moral standing needs to be, we need to look at other morals. what else do you think companies could or should do with unwanted stock? it would be a nice idea to give it to staff. that is their clientele. also most companies need to look at a way of producing less. 0ur issue is, we are inundated with items. we are an item society and if they bought less, we would have less consumption in general and they would make less. that is probably the issue, make less things. thank you so much. the race is on to develop the first flying car: aston martin has a prototype in development, and now a company called kitty hawk, which is owned by the founder of google larry page, has developed a version. it's taking pre—orders for its model — and our north america techonology reporter dave lee has been to see one in las vegas. so here it is, the kitty hawk flyer,
i'm sitting in it right now. it's very simple in here — just two controls, one for altitude and one for the direction of where this thing can go. around me you'll see there are ten propellors, ten motors, that keep this thing in the air. essentially, you could say it's just basically a big drone that a human being can fit in. right now, they limit the speed to around 6mph. the battery life will keep it going for around 20 minutes. all of that will improve in time. they can certainly make it go faster right now, butjust to be cautious they're keeping it at around 6mph. in terms of when you can get one of these, the company is taking pre—orders right now. they won't tell us exactly how much it's going to cost, but they say it is going to be comparable to a high—end electric car.
so the tens of thousands of dollars, i guess you could say. but what we're sitting in, many people think is a glimpse of the future. they say their goal is to eliminate traffic. that is a goal i think many of us can get behind. whether it will be in one of these, that remains to be seen, but it's certainly a very, very interesting and futuristic concept. that was dave lee reporting. now it's time for a look at the weather with ben rich. good evening. we have waited a while to say this. there is a change on the way. just a temporary one. today was mainly fine day, that is how it looked in guernsey earlier. cloud amounts have slowly been increasing from the north—west and on the satellite picture, you can see this. an area of cloud, and atlantic weather system which will bring some
outbreaks of rain. the rain starting to set in through the evening in scotla nd to set in through the evening in scotland and parts of northern ireland, the odd heavy burst, of it will be light and patchy as it sinks further south and east. for scotland into england and wales, it stays dry through the night and muddy in the south—east corner. tomorrow, much of england and wales seeing dry weather with spells of sunshine but the rain will live out of northern ireland and scotla nd live out of northern ireland and scotland eventually sinking into the north of england, parts of wales and the midlands, patchy rain into the south west. a few lady showers possible in the south—east corner but here in the sunshine, 27 degrees. 19 is the temperature you can expect. as we go through the late afternoon into the evening, there is the potential for hit and miss thunderstorms in the south—east of england. some of these could be heavy, torrential downpours which could give issues for flash flooding
but many places will avoid the showers and stay dry. as we go into saturday, the showers will clear away and we are looking at mainly fine weather. best of the sunshine in the south, more cloud feeding in from the north—west and those temperatures are bouncing back again, 20 degrees for glasgow and belfast, up to 27 in london. it looks warmer still for some of us on sunday. large amounts of sunshine in england and wales, cloud in the north of england, for northern ireland and the west of scotland, cloudy with patchy rain and on the cool side, but further south and east, those temperatures up to 28-30d. east, those temperatures up to 28—30d. moving into next week, weather fronts wriggling close in, rain in the far north—west, ahead of those systems, we are likely to draw some warm and very humid airfrom the south. temperatures by day perhaps up to 33 degrees with some warm nights as well. hello, i'm karin giannone. this is 0utside source. israel passes a law which defines it
as a uniquelyjewish state. the israeli government calls it a landmark moment, but it's fuelling anger among its arab minority. the nationality bill is a crime. they are totally discriminating against the arab citizens. president putin sides with donald trump as the fallout from the helsinki summit continues. this is as the head of homeland security says the us should expect russia to interfere in this year's midterm us elections. britain's new brexit secretary meets his opposite number in brussels, on the day the commission warns businesses in europe to prepare for "no deal".