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tv   Dateline London  BBC News  July 21, 2018 11:30am-12:01pm BST

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but said he was being ordered to vote against it. part of that plan was approved by a majority of just three in a house of commons of 650 — and then only because three mps from the labour opposition supported her, and the leader of the liberal democrats, another opposition party, told by his party managers it wouldn't be a close vote, went off for dinner instead. iain, in alice in wonderland, the red queen likes to believe six impossible things before breakfast, what do you think our blue queen believes at the moment? well, alice in wonderland is a really good comparison. she has survived, though. it is extraordinary. i am not a fan of theresa may, or her approach to brexit, but she certainly has resilience. somehow, she has managed to survive all of these votes. calamitous by most political standards, ten or 12 days, involving the departure of key members of her cabinet, the chequers plan, the great compromise plan,
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which was supposed to be the unifying force in the conservative party, has ended up annoying just about everyone. brexiteers don't like it because it is too much of a compromise, and they think it is the beginning of a sell—out. remainers don't like it for all sorts of other reasons. so no one is happy. but still, somehow, just because of the logic of the fact that there isn't a clear alternative available to theresa may for now, she clings on. and yet, meanwhile, polly toynbee, her party appears to be tearing itself apart over this very issue, the one she has tried to establish some compromise on. you have tory mps talking about the party being in danger of destroying itself, anna soubry was saying a fewer hours ago, talking about the forces of darkness in her own party take control. it's a very strange set of affairs? yes, imean, it a very strange set of affairs? yes, i mean, it has been brewing for decades. it is the great divide that has cut right through, destroyed every single tory party leader and
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driven them to destruction. it has now really burst out in public. —— driven them to destruction. what started as a small cult of anti—european fanatics has gradually taken anti—european fanatics has gradually ta ken over anti—european fanatics has gradually taken over the anti—european fanatics has gradually ta ken over the party. anti—european fanatics has gradually taken over the party. the people who select tory mps in the country, over the last decade, are very old and very eurosceptic. the last decade, are very old and very eurosce ptic. they the last decade, are very old and very eurosceptic. they have selected more and more of these eurosceptics, who have now seized a large part of the party. of course, not enough of it, it is still divided down the middle, there are still pragmatists there who one hopes might perhaps sees it back from the abyss that we face at the moment. the extra cupboard gating factor is that theresa may does not have a majority after her ill—fated decision to call an election and is dependent on the dup, which takes a very strong line on brexit and is going to be another aspect of this difficulty in attempting to comprise? yes, theresa
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may was saying in belfast, she was talking about being evenhanded, she was talking about the parity in the good friday agreement. politically, there is no way she can be evenhanded about dealing with northern ireland while she is relying on dup mps to actually support her government. i would not go as faras support her government. i would not go as far as polly in describing eurosceptics as a cult. but i think tory historians, or historians of the conservative party in future years, will probably look back on this as the playing out of the endgame. most of us around the table are old enough to remember maastricht and john major's difficulties, and even before that ted heath. ithink difficulties, and even before that ted heath. i think it is the playing out of the endgame and i don't think it looks very good. i think probably eurosceptics have it looks very good. i think probably eurosce ptics have won. it looks very good. i think probably eurosceptics have won. is there a case for optimism in terms of the tory party prospects in brexit, that actually once britain has left that eu, ina actually once britain has left that eu, in a sense the boil will
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finally, after a0 or 50 years, have been lanced ? finally, after a0 or 50 years, have been lanced? depends on how brexit goes and the form in which it happens, whether it is a messy dislocation or whether there is eventually a deal. longer term, clearly what is happening is a really interesting realignment in british politics. i mean, i reject the idea it is a cult. if it is a cult, 52% of us in britain are in this cult, in wanting tojoin countries like japan, india, this cult, in wanting tojoin countries likejapan, india, and chile, and not be in the european union. but the conservative voters becoming much more working class and lower middle—class. becoming much more working class and lower middle-class. and so far the party is not, does not reflect that? well, that is probably going to change. but also, you then now have a lot of homeless british voters, middle—class, university educated, ultraliberal, who now find
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themselves politically without a home. they don't like brexit, but then they don't likejeremy corbyn either. the strange thing that happened in the last general election, which was a catastrophe for the conservatives, of course, you saw a switch back to two party politics, the two main parties got their highest combined share of the vote for 25 years. that is the curious paradox. sight it is, because everybody hates them both! but you are stuck, you have an electoral system where you hold your nose and decide which is the least awful. is a dreadful electoral syste m awful. is a dreadful electoral system for that reason. theresa may has stayed as long as she has, because she has produced a compromise that looked quite reasonable in the chequers context, a compromise within her party. but it is full of her red lines which are, themselves, contradictory and which europe cannot agree too, will not agree to. and it hasjust been killed. boo by the cult. but it was
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going to die anyway. there was no way that europe could accept it. going to die anyway. there was no way that europe could accept itm is the argument that the brexiteers achieved a victory on monday in this tight vote and changed the chequers deal, did they change the deal? yes, they did. it is effectively dead, as a plan. it was supposed to be a plan which would unite the conservative party, they could go back to michel barnier in brussels, make a few more concessions and get towards a deal. essentially what parliament has done, the brexiteers have done in parliament, and this is why may is in sucha parliament, and this is why may is in such a difficult situation, i am sure we will come onto it, it puts the eu in a catastrophically difficult position, and she now has zero room for manoeuvre. she can make no more concessions. andrea leadsom said this week, that is it, thatis leadsom said this week, that is it, that is the bottom line? half the cabinet would resign. you are saying she has shown amazing resilience, it
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is true that resilience is a human quality. but to what effect? and the cost of it? you wonder whether it is a good thing for the country as a whole. i mean, yes, the tory party hasn't imploded yet. it will. you know, you are talking about the possible messy dislocation. we are getting there. you know, you've got the european research group, that cultish, quite large cult of 80 mps, a strong group of brexiteers. why do we call them a cult? 0k, a strong group of brexiteers. why do we call them a cult? ok, let's call ita we call them a cult? ok, let's call it a clique. so you've got this eurosceptic clique in the tory party. but of course we can say there is momentum in the labour party, which is another clique, you might call it a cult, or a faction. actually, on brexit, the labour
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party is eerily quiet. that is why the brexiteers and jacob rees—mogg can be so vocal. if the politicians can't solve this problem, should we do asjustine greening said, throw it out to a second referendum? the problem is there would be no agreement as to what the question would be. parliament has to agree what the question would be, would it be one question, two or three? it is very precarious, because you could very precarious, because you could very easily have a system where the minority opinion won because he would split three ways. it is risky. iam in would split three ways. it is risky. i am in favour of brexit, and when i'm asked of question about a second referendum i always say, well, let's make the best of three, best of five. maybe do it every former careers like the world cup? just go on and on. it will go on and on
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anyway. probably the winners of this will say, look, let's get over the line in march, we will get out, we don't mind too much what the deal is. realists like michael gove no that once we are out, there is no way we can ever get in again. at that point, they can start and picking everything, they can break promises, a new leader will say they are no longer bound by what the old leader promised to ireland or anywhere else. it is going to be neverending, the anywhere else. it is going to be never ending, the brexit question. it will never go away. it will go on and on, wanting to change it.|j it will never go away. it will go on and on, wanting to change it. i am not a great fan of referendums, they do have a lot of them in ireland. two on lisbon. the problem is that it isa two on lisbon. the problem is that it is a very blunt instrument. for example, if you have a referendum about capital punishment, they say do you agree with capital punishment or not? instead of saying, what would you do with a convicted murderer? so, if you have a referendum, as justine greening murderer? so, if you have a referendum, asjustine greening is talking about, it would have to be
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multi—optional. we have no idea what the options are yet because the options would have to be preagreed between brussels and the tory party, which seems an impossibility at the moment anyway. you probably need at least three options, eea, there is a famous story about the swedes, when i had famous story about the swedes, when ihada famous story about the swedes, when i had a referendum on which side of the road to drive on. i understand there were about three questions in that! we will never know what the third one was, it sounds like my driving. dominic raab, the new brexit secretary — his predecessor had resigned because he didn't believe in the chequers plan — travelled to brussels this week for his first encounter with the eu negotiators. many of her fellow conservatives think mrs may has compromised too far already. if the eu wants more to achieve a brexit deal, the answer may have to be no. agnes, do politicians in france or elsewhere on the continent now believe a no—deal brexit is becoming the most likely option? everything
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is possible. i would say yes and no to that question. we need a referendum! the way it is going, it is not going well. we've got 13 weeks until october to agree on something. then there is the ratification process. just to remind you, that is why we can't go up to march, it has to go through various parliaments and get the approval of different countries like ireland. you might argue that suddenly, because there are only 30 weeks left, suddenly something is going to happen. i doubt it. but it is still possible. no deal, what does it mean? that planes don't take off at heathrow? nobody believes that, do they? that is just brinkmanship? heathrow? nobody believes that, do they? that isjust brinkmanship? so no deal doesn't really exist, like brexit doesn't exist, it is a fa ntasy. brexit doesn't exist, it is a fantasy. i mean, the way it was sold to the british people. another
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brexit, leaving the eu, might be possible. no deal would probably meana possible. no deal would probably mean a temporary measure, temporary transition. of course, as we say in french, the temporary can last for a very long time. we already have a transition deal. of course. so it is not really the case now? we don't. because of ireland. just going through the separate elements...m is very helpful to do this, because people have lost sense of this over the months. the uk government agreed to the backstop idea in december, theresa may reiterated this to gold ta ps theresa may reiterated this to gold taps last march. she now says because of the arrangement zanni chequers agreement, which would know is going nowhere, we don't need a backstop and everything will be ok. the irish government and michel barnier are saying, no, the irish government and michel barnierare saying, no, we the irish government and michel barnier are saying, no, we cannot move ahead with anything to do with
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the withdrawal until we get the backstop sorted out. it doesn't need to be the wording that the eu have proposed, they have invited the british to come back, the irish have said we can sit down and talk about the wording. that may or may not happen. that is the first thing. the second thing is what happened in the house of commons, iain says it is probably dead in the water, or most of it is. any agreement based around a customs arrangement in the chequers agreement is not going to get through the house of commons. furthermore, michel barnier is pretty cool about it, he has sent back several questions through the british government, saying, can we have further details about how he would run a customs arrangement like this, so on and so forth. it is pretty unlikely that will form the basis of any negotiations. unless and until there is unacceptable irish deal that ireland is satisfied
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with, there will be no transition. which means that no deal could really be something quite scary. it seems unlikely and unreasonable, you don't think people are crazy enough. that is what people always say... i'm not comparing it to a war, but a major international crisis, of course that would never happen. history tends to happen by accident. the imf report looked at the financial consequences, it said, bottom line, there are countries like the netherlands, denmark and of course ireland that would suffer significant long—term damage of britain left without a deal. aren't those governments, when it comes to the crunch, going to put pressure on michel barnier? after all, he is just a civil servant, an official who can't have this happen, we have to compromise? i hope so, but i am not holding my breath. mark carney, the governor of the bank of england, put his finger on the key dislocation, which has nothing to do with manufacturing, goods and trade, which is to do with financial
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services. essentially, a large number of european politicians seem not to understand precisely where all of the debt is hedged, where all of the derivative contracts are in london. well, that is their debt. when those contracts no longer work, thatis when those contracts no longer work, that is a problem for britain, that isa that is a problem for britain, that is a spectacular problem for the italian government, or for german banks. i'm not advocating that happening, i'm just saying that by accident you could end up with it. where i think this is breaking down is that the european union, and you've got to take your hat off to the eu negotiating tactics, in a sense they are negotiating an approach that has ended up being too successful. why do i say that? what really matters now is that they won on the sequencing, which is that we did withdraw first and then future arrangements. the problem is... because we wanted to do a few things... it is clear the eu does not want to do a detailed future
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arrangement, it want a vague piece of paper and it wants its 39 billion... that is not true. michel barnier is going back to the irish backstop, the border issue again. when this was resolved at the beginning of the year, simply because theresa may yesterday, in a speech in belfast, tore it up and said we do need that any more. precisely, the withdrawal agreement... with money, transition, it has basically been blown apart by uk politics. maybe uk politics, but the point is that the british government signed up to this legal, operable, think those are the keywords in it, backstop, so that it is now no longer operable because of what happened in the house of commons. so we have to renegotiate that. this process of withdrawal, and then future trade, it falls this autumn
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because it will crystallise in uk terms as we sign a large cheque, yes, we get transition. what do we get in return in terms of future trade? we get a big commitment. so you don't need to pay the money. nunavut will get to the house of commons. the most likely outcome then becomes no deal. exactly! that is what the maddest of the leaders have always wanted. jacob rees—mogg what they have always wanted, what they call clean break. that sounds very attractive. for a lot of people who voted out micro for all sorts of reasons, for heaven's sake, let's get on with it, without understanding how dire the consequences will be. the pragmatists are left saying it is very complicated and difficult. there is another alternative, that emmanuel macron, angela merkel, the other serious heads of government can take control of this process and
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say there is an option, which is a full, free trade agreement on a canada plus plus model, a bolted on security arrangement, and don't forget that europe needs the assistance of the uk, leading security powers in fighting off russia, which is incurring...|j security powers in fighting off russia, which is incurring... i will let you both come in and then i will move on. a basic misunderstanding of the eu position, and it is what michel barnier is therefore. he is not then necessary to facilitate the british government. it is a british problem. he is there to protect the integrity of the single market, the customs union, and the interests of the eu 27. that is what he's doing. he is not negotiate on the chequers agreement. he said yesterday very clearly that he has a list of principles. the market blows up and european debt markets. brexit would very much be a european union
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problem. but the uk, so far, and the uk's demands, have ignored the founding principles of the eu. we can negotiate many things. freedom of movement is not a founding principle. it's from 199a. of movement is not a founding principle. it's from 1994. we could have vetoed it, we agreed it, we we re have vetoed it, we agreed it, we were the architects of it. the single market was constructed by margaret thatcher. and hopefully there will be a bust in brussels long after the uk have left, acknowledging that. if there was, i'm going. it was just a slip of the tongue. when donald trump, standing next to vladimir putin, their news conference beamed live around the world, said "i don't see any reason why it would be russia" trying to interfere in the 2016 us presidential election, he "mis—spoke". what he actually meant to say was, "i don't see any reason why it wouldn't be russia". so barack 0bama can't have been thinking of his successor when he denounced "shameless leaders who, caught in a lie, just double down and lie some more."
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polly, how much damage has this done, notjust to president trump, but potentially to america? every time he opens his mouth at this huge damage to america. it does huge damage to america. it does huge damage to america. it does huge damage to global politics in a more profound way, that the lie, being able to say everything is fake news, is beginning to catch on. there is a whole right—wing network that has spread right across europe. we had a small demonstration here last week, to free a right—wing leader who had been doing something disgraceful with the courts. and there, people interviewed said, well, we don't believe anything we read, we only believe anything we read, we only believe what we want to believe. he has managed to make the truth entirely pliable, in a way that is really frightening. there are no sources of authority, there are no fa ct sources of authority, there are no fact checkers that are accepted. and indeed no officials in this meeting,
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just the translators. well, they should call the translator to give evidence. really interesting. it remains the case that many in america still backing, whatever he does. he has been doing what many wa nted does. he has been doing what many wanted him to do for decades, reaching out to rush and try to normalise a relationship that has been dysfunctional virtually since the russian revolution. well, not quite in the way that they wanted, i was not one of those on the left that have that view. you were always sceptical about russia ? that have that view. you were always sceptical about russia? absolutely, no fellow traveller. i think there are still people in america who understand very well that russia is a fearsome and dangerous opponent, that strongman politics are not the way of the future. donald trump to prefer north korean leader, russian leader, because they are strongman in control, like himself. this democratic stuff is messy,
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complicated, gets in the way. you can't make strong decisions. that attitude is spreading. there is a lot of american money behind it. all of the far right wing movements across europe are being funded by those people who have that view. across europe are being funded by those people who have that viewlj think poses and accidents sensual challenge to the west, to —— existential challenge to the west, that he has created in the mind of the russian government, which seems to be winning, that places like montenegro, the baltics, countries like sweden, crawling with russian activity, that the west will not defend itself. ithink activity, that the west will not defend itself. i think that is extremely dangerous. i think there isa extremely dangerous. i think there is a more positive way to look at it, though. when he did this, and it really backfired in the us, what i found encouraging was that so many
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senior republicans actually saw the disgraceful press conference as the crossing of a line. i saw one survey of republicans, party supporters, suggesting that they thought it had been a great success? well, it was an interesting poll. it suggests that one in five took a different view, donald trump won the presidency with only 75,000 votes in critical states. it could be very close next time. there is something we shouldn't forget, that there is a residual strength in the american system, american institutions, in its military, in its intelligence capacity that will outlive trump. its military, in its intelligence capacity that will outlive trumpm ata time capacity that will outlive trumpm at a time for a restraining hand from his best buddy, emmanuel macron come to say, hang on, just before youjump into come to say, hang on, just before you jump into with vladimir putin... i think he tried everything with
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trump and that failed. no, we should be very worried. i don't see any thing positive in that latest episode. trump is a traitor, he is a traitor to his own country, to the idea of america. he shows weakness, which is terrible in the face of russia. russia, or putin's russia, is not ourfriend, it is an adversary. well, he was a friend to germany when he wants to buy cheap energy. well, here's a friend to the far left and far right in europe. putin's russia has been meddling in elections in western world for more ten years. fracking political organisations. don't you think that is what he does, rather successfully. you are calling him a traitor. i know trump van. —— i am
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in no trump fan. that isjust traitor. i know trump van. —— i am in no trump fan. that is just the mirror image of the american right calling 0bama a traitor. 0n on that point we have to leave it. my my thanks to our guests and to you for joining my thanks to our guests and to you forjoining us. back same time next week. many of us had at least a little rain — a rarity — yesterday. but it's back to business as usual today. we've seen a little drizzly rain first thing. but behind this weather front the high pressure is building again for the rest of saturday, which means there will be more sunshine around than we had during the day on friday. there are one or two exceptions. the main one is this front bringing rain into the north—west of scotland.
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the other could be one or two sharp showers around in the afternoon hours as temperatures are expected to get to the high 20s. compared with yesterday it'll feel warmer with more sunshine. the best of the sunshine will be around the coasts. maybe more cloud in north—east england. warmer, brighter, with more sunshine from northern ireland, for much of scotland as well. however, later in the day we have patchy rain coming back into the north and west. for eastern scotland, for the open, it does look mostly fine and dry. drizzle will clear away and it should be a largely bright picture. warmer tomorrow with a bit more sunshine around here then as well. that's because we picked up more of a westerly breeze, so it dries out the air as it comes over the grampian mountains. we see that happening tonight, but there will be more moisture around generally across scotland, northern ireland, perhaps a bit more cloud for england and wales. again, that mist and fog will return at lower levels. again, i think it will be a fairly uncomfortable night's sleeping as we start to build the humidity in the coming days as well. so, sunday looks like another fine and sunny day for the majority
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of england and wales. the east of scotland, east of northern ireland. again, the north west will be cloudier than we are seeing today, with the cloud thickener for some rain and drizzle, particularly north—west of the great glen across western isles and northern isles as well. so, around those western coasts, obviously a little bit cooler. 25 potentially for eastern scotland, 23 from northern ireland, pushing towards 30 degrees across the south and east of england. only the smallest chance of a shower, diminishing, really, as high pressure building. however, we will have this weather front early next week and a meandering its way across scotland and northern ireland in particular. we are into the atlantic, fresher air here. it ahead of it, the heat will continue to build. we see more heat being given by the sun than escaping at this time of year. so on balance, temperatures start to gradually increase by day and we could creep towards the mid—30s as we go to next week. as ever, there is more on the website. this is bbc news, i'm shaun ley. the headlines at 12pm: police in wiltshire widen their search for clues into novichok poisonings,
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as a man who was left critically ill in amesbury is discharged from hospital. not—so—smart smart meters? a criticism of delays in the multi—billion pound roll—out scheme — which may only save some customers eleven pounds a year. nine people from the same family were among the 17 who died when an amphibious boat capsized on a lake in missouri. also coming up this hour, girl guiding gets a 21st century re—boot with 800 new badges and activities. guides and brownies can now earn badges in inventing, human rights and survival skills — as the 109—year—old institution completes a major overhaul. and at 12:30, the click team heads to farnborough international airshow in search of the future of aviation.
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