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tv   The Briefing  BBC News  August 20, 2018 5:00am-5:31am BST

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this is the briefing, i'm sally bundock. our top story — standing on its own two feet again, greece ends its eurozone bailout programme. rescue teams continue to free people trapped by the floods in the indian state of kerala. and we'll tell you why this woman is lucky to be alive after her holiday cruise went dramatically wrong. trade tensions are set to escalate further this week, when a second round of tariffs hit us and chinese products. we'll take a closer look at what's behind these global trade conflicts, and why they are spreading. i'll be speaking to our shanghai correspondent to hear the chinese side of the story. a warm welcome to the programme,
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briefing you on all you need to know in global news, business and sport. also in the programme, our desire for designer food means there is a shocking amount of food waste in europe. a huge amount of perfectly good to eat fruit and veg is thrown out before it reaches the shops because it doesn't look right. so what can we do about this? send us your ideas, just use the hashtag #bbcthebriefing for the first time in eight years, greece is free to borrow money on the financial markets. the country's now emerged from its bailout programme, and the government says it can now stand on its own two feet, after three financial rescue packages totalling over 300 billion dollars.
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but painful austerity measures are still in place and the recession has had a crippling effect. our correspondent mark lowen was based in greece during the financial crisis and he's been back to assess the impact. modern greece has ruins, too. shuttered factories are temples to the worst financial crisis in living memory. this once famous tile producer was an iconic bankruptcy, as greece crashed. but from an economic wasteland, the country is slowly building itself back up. greece is beginning to hum again. after the factory closed, the workers took over part of it. now producing greener products. soap and cleaning liquid. starting again from the bottom up — a metaphor for greece's recovery. translation: when bankruptcy hit
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we contemplated suicide a lot. when you reach the edge of a cliff you eitherfall off or grip and hold on. so we said no. we struggled, not just for ourselves but to see this new model copied in otherfactories. this saved both our minds and our lives. from 2010, greece was gripped by unrest. revealing its skyhigh deficit led to three bailouts totalling over 300 billion euros. the price was austerity, with daily protests after as austerity hit, despair turned to rage. running battles consumed central athens. greece was collapsing and risked taking the eurozone with it. a huge burst of tear gas has just come to this place where i am broadcasting from. i covered the story as the athens correspondent and have come back
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as greece finishes its bailout. in today's calm and tourist—filled syntagma square, the endless days i spent here amongst the chaos of the protest seem almost like a distant memory. greece is clearly rebuilding, but the problems are still here. unemployment is at 20%, down from a high of 28%. austerity has pushed one in five below the poverty line. the economy has shrunk by a quarter. greece may be coming off life—support, but it is still far from real recovery. the once comfortable depend on food handouts after losing jobs and homes. livelihoods suddenly destroyed in 21st century europe. translation: i don't see the crisis coming to an end. we are stressed and angry because we do not have jobs. i am embarrassed that i cannot buy presents for my grandchildren. who want to live comfortably in our own home so we can look at children in the eyes. it is the young falling fuelling a sense of recovery. like this online resources firm.
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they are drawing immigrants home who left during the brain drain. the fact that we don't have any more particular issues of, ok, i will be in the eurozone and i will have heroes tomorrow, it is a good indication. and least we feel there is some kind of stability. beneath the idyllic scenes lie pain that will take long to heal. but a ray of hope is beginning to flicker here. mark lowen, bbc news, athens. i have covered pretty much every twist and turn of the greek financial crisis at. if you visit oui’ financial crisis at. if you visit our website you will see this move away from financial emergency
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measures. something we will discuss later in the programme as well. we will look at the greek press, what they are saying on this day with regards to how greece is now following the eurozone bailout and also the german press has a very different take on the bailout on greece, as you can imagine. dozens of south koreans have arrived in north korea to be reunited with family members they've not seen for more than sixty years. the eighty—nine south koreans, many of whom are now elderly and frail, were separated from their relatives by the korean war. the brief reunions are the first for three years, reflecting a thaw in diplomatic tensions between the governments of the two koreas, as laura bicker reports from seoul. kim hyun—sook remembers the moment she saw her daughter for the first time in over 60 years. but the reunion was brief and bittersweet. all too soon, they were torn apart. translation: when time was up,
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i let go of my daughter's hand and got onto the bus. the moment i sat down, i could not speak. not a single word came out of my mouth. i felt like cutting off my own flesh. anyone who has given birth knows what it feels like to leave their children behind. mrs kim knows she was lucky to have at least this one chance. it is unlikely to come again. yoon heung—gyu is one of 88 who were chosen this time around. he got a call to say he will meet his younger sister. he hasn't seen her for nearly 70 years. translation: after hearing the news, i was so shocked that i drank and couldn't sleep at all that night. he fled north korea in the middle
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of the night, leaving his family behind after growing concerned about the spread of communism. he fought the north during the korean war, and is unhappy with the current division. translation: i want to tell the world that we should allow separated families to meet whenever they want, instead of how it is now, with few people meeting rarely. hwang rae—ha can only glance across the border to his former home in the north. he has never been selected for the state—run reunions. his family came south during the war, but his mother returned north to prepare for peace. she didn't return. translation: when can we meet our loved ones? after all of us are dead? 100 people per event isjust meaningless. there are 50,000 people waiting all over the country. as well as bringing joy,
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this week's reunions will remind koreans on both sides that the pain of separation has not and may never leave this peninsula. let's brief you on some of the other stories making the news. a 29—year—old man is due in court in london, charged with attempting to murder members of the public and police officers by driving a car into a barrier outside the houses of parliament last tuesday. salih khater who's from birmingham, was arrested at the scene. three people were injured in the incident. the authorities in venezuela are putting new currency bills into circulation to deal with hyperinflation. they will in effect slash five zeroes from the bolivar. the international monetary fund believes inflation could reach a million per cent by
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the end of the year. thousands of venezuelans have been trying to flee the economic turmoil, prompting other nations to impose strict border controls. the british brexit minister is hoping to kick—start negotiations with the eu again this week. dominic raab is travelling to brussels on tuesday to try to resolve what his department are calling the last few withdrawal issues and to press ahead with discussions on the future relationship. rescue teams in southern india have stepped up their efforts to reach communities devastated by floods and landslides. entire villages in kerala have been swept away and more than 350 people have been killed. joining me now is bbc hindi correspondent pramila krishnan. she joins me live from trivandrum the capital of kerala.
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tell us about the situation now. i understand the floods are starting to recede? yeah. of the rains have stopped. the floodwaters are receding and we have just received an update, the civil aviation ministry has an hour at the airport will function to send people to nearby cities or who wanted to leave. we have learnt that medical camps are being set up. the chief men are “— camps are being set up. the chief men are —— the chief minister said over half a million people have been displaced and over 3&00 camps are being set up. the officials are saying it take at least a month for them to get back to the normal routine. the people will face difficulties. as you say, it is a
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huge task. the thought now, the rehabilitation of the area, preventing disease, rebuilding the state, this is unprecedented, isn't it? yes, it is a severe problem. the health department is facing a major issue now because over half a million people are living in camps. almost half of the state are affected at the end people have lost their houses. many of them have nothing. they have two rebuild their lives is that. —— they have to rebuild their lives from step one. stay with us on bbc news. still to come — a close shave in blackpool at the british bea rd—growing championships. washington, the world's most political city,
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is today assessing the political health of the world's most powerful man. indeed, i did have a relationship with miss lewinsky that was not appropriate. in fact, it was wrong. in south africa, 97 people have been killed today, in one of the worst days of violence between rival black groups. over the last ten days, 500 have died. chanting: czechoslovakia must be free! russia is observing a national day of mourning for the 118 submariners who died on board the kursk. we're all with them now, within our hearts. the pope has celebrated mass before a congregation of more than 2.5 million people, in his hometown of krakow. "stay with us, stay with us," chanted this ocean of humanity. "well, well," joked the pope, "so you want me to desert rome?" you're watching the briefing.
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0ur headlines — thousands of people remain stranded by the flooding in kerala as rescue teams battle to get supplies into the affected areas. and eight years after it first sought help from the eurozone countries, greece is finanly able to borrow money again on its own. the trump administration is about to hear from american businesses about whether the third proposed round of tariffs on china are a good idea. it's a reminder that while trade tensions are rising everywhere, the person who has triggered the trade war is the man in the white house. as paul blake reports, many us companies are now scared of what their president has started. it's going to be only america first.
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america first. the history of the great trade war of 2018 can be traced back to the campaign trail, with donald trump running on one of the most protectionist platforms in decades. hillary clinton unleashed a trade war against the american worker when she supported one terrible deal after another. but, as commander—in—chief, trump declared his own trade war with a flick of his presidential pen five months ago, raising steep tariffs on steel and aluminium from all countries, saying imports were a national security threat. a strong steel and aluminium industry are vital to our national security, absolutely vital. steel is steel — you don't have steel, you don't have a country. as those tariffs came into effect in earlyjune, they were met with strong rebukes from america's closest allies. but trump soldiered on, expanding the pacific front of this global trade war with new tariffs on china. i assume it's been announced by now, but we're putting tariffs on $50
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billion worth of technology and other things. now, to many, trade wars can sound like a lot of hot air. but forjohn hoge, a boatbuilder in portjefferson, long island, the new tariffs on china could sink some of his business. we dodged the first bullet, we got grazed by the second one, and we got broadsided from the third list of tariffs. almost everything we sell was affected on the third list. that third list could take effect as early as september. well, it is products like this boat that are emblematic of global supply chains — designed here in the us, made in china, and sold here in the us, and now potentially subject to donald trump's tariffs. a tariff is a tax, quite simply, and it's a tax not on the chinese, but on americans who trade with china. and any business that faces an extra expense has no choice but to pass that on to our customers. after months of anxiously watching this trade war escalate,
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john hoge and many other business owners are hoping that donald trump can dial back the rhetoric and ease some of the pressure. i'll have lots more on our special series on global trade wars in business briefing in about 15 minutes. a british woman says she's lucky to be alive after surviving a fall from a cruise ship off the coast of croatia. the 46—year—old woman, known only as kay, was picked up by the coastguard after ten hours at sea. tom burridge reports. she fell from a cruise ship late at night, and then spent ten hours on her own at sea. but kay looked well on this, the final leg of her rescue by the croatian coastguard.
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one very grateful holiday—maker back on dry land. this is the moment she was rescued. i fell off the back of the norwegian star, and i was in the water for ten hours. so these wonderful guys rescued me. the norwegian star is a 92,000 ton cruise ship. kay fell from the back deck down into the adriatic. the ship had docked in dubrovnik and was heading north towards venice when, just before midnight last night, kay went overboard about 60 miles off the croatian coast. too much sun the only visible effect, but what an ordeal. i am very lucky to be alive. there has been no comment on how she fell. the coastguard said she was exhausted when they pulled her from the water. tom burridge, bbc news. now it's time to get all the latest from the bbc sports centre. here is what is coming up in your
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monday, sports breathing. djokovic versus federer. real madrid kick off their la liga season and a miserable match forjose mourinho's man united. atletico madrid kick off theircampaign united. atletico madrid kick off their campaign with a tough tie away at valencia. not only did their 11—2 win over real madrid into european super cup show their genuine title challengers but they have also to keep the sharks away. thomas lemar joined from monaco injune. they will form a formidable attack. no ronaldo but no problem for rail
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madrid who began their league campaign witha madrid who began their league campaign with a relatively 2—0 win. gareth bale with the assist. the welsh wizard than grabbing a goal of his own to double the lead and wrap up his own to double the lead and wrap up the win. jose mourinho isn't happy, surprise, up the win. jose mourinho isn't happy, surprise, surprise. manchester united lost 3—2 at brighton. you can see why he has been promoting a lack of new players. it is the second successive season they have been beat on the south coast will stop i was expecting the team to be collectively a better team. -- south coast. i was expecting the team. there are consequences of the individual mistake but there are basic mistakes which make almost an impossible mission to win a match. novak djokovic has won the cincinnati masters for the first
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time, beating roger federer in straight sets in the final. he snuffed out any hopes of a federer fight back by taking the second set after taking the first. he has now won all nine tournaments at least once. there was an upset in the women's draw after world number one simona halep was beaten by the world number 17. here is what has been catching our eye on social media. blag chaos at the asian games. everything going swimmingly, excuse the pun, during the traditional singing of the national anthem, disaster! the flags collapsed, leading to the chinese athlete demanding that the ceremony
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happen again. fair enough! the emotional moment for the nine time world champion who had been runner—up twice before in this discipline will stop did they manage to fix the flag machine? no. did they find a solution? yes sort of. 0ne they find a solution? yes sort of. one very tall chap was found. you can get all the latest sports news on our website. from there, mark edwards and the rest of the sporting, that is your monday sport briefing. more than 200 competitors from around the world have been taking part in the fourth british beard and moustache championships in the northern english town of blackpool. the charity event is open to all ages, all nationalities — and all genders. andrew plant reports. they are calling it a hairy extravaganza. all shapes and sizes of facial haircompeting in 21 different categories. best beard, best moustache, full beard freestyle, even finest fake beard too. a lot of guys really do love it.
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they are attached to it. they love it. a lot of guys like to show off, you get quite a lot of extravagant people here and it is somewhere they can come and feel comfortable amongst their peers. all manner of facial hair is here. from the distinctly european, to the respectable english gentleman, sporting some of the world's most celebrated sideburns. i am the reigning world and british natural sideburns champion. it takes a lot of looking after. the conditions today are not perfect for the beardsman, the wind and the humidity is having an effect, but it is the same for everybody. a lot of people from germany and europe. scottish, new zealand. no one takes it terribly seriously, as long as you get beaten by a better beard that is ok.
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first of all, i couldn't be bothered shaving. but then it becomes an identity and once you have grown it for so long, it want to get rid of it because itjust takes so long to grow. the british beard and moustache championships takes place every two years and are getting more popular each time. more and more people take part to compete for the acclaim and adulation of world's most winning whiskers. andrew plant, bbc news. it is all going on in blackpool if you have facial hair. talking you through some of the tweets we have had this morning. we wanted to have your views on what we could do with fruit and vegetables that doesn't look right and therefore, it ends up not even in the supermarket or in restau ra nts not even in the supermarket or in restaurants because it is deemed
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"too ugly to sell". apparently there isa "too ugly to sell". apparently there is a huge amount of waste. more than one third of farmer fruit and veg never reaches the shelves because it is misshapen. according to the research. this story keeps coming back despite the efforts of celebrity chefs, like jamie oliver. we have jake who says," donated will to charity". somebody on twitter who calls himself or herself blob. vegetable and fruit that doesn't meet the visual standards should be chopped up and made into soups salads. colin says people shop like they eat with their eyes first and thatis they eat with their eyes first and that is why we have the problem. i will be back with is this briefing. i will see you soon. hello again, good morning.
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all our weather this week is going to be coming in from the atlantic. most of the rain across the northern half of the uk. not much rain around today and most places will be dry. a little bit of sunshine but more cloud arriving in from the atlantic. a lot of the rain bearing cloud is up here and eventually that will arrive into the north—west during tuesday. south of that, warm and humid air and that means a lot of cloud once again. some sunshine from time to time but out towards western coasts and hills, it will be damp and misty. some more pronounced breaks in cloud across central and northern scotland, the odd light shower in the far north of scotland. here, a slightly fresher feel. elsewhere another warm day to come. even with a good deal of cloud around, the temperatures could get up to around 25. the sunshine is coming and going and overnight, a few breaks. a lot of cloud around. far north of scotland on the cooler side but elsewhere another warm night. perhaps no lower than 15 or 16 degrees. we saw that band of cloud earlier on, here it is, in its glory, it is arriving into the far north—west during the second half of tuesday. away from here, it looks like it will probably be dry.
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we may start to see more sunshine, that will boost temperatures widely across england and wales and the south—east of scotland. 25—26 degrees. the weather front will be a problem around the middle part of the week because it is staggering southwards. how quickly it goes will be the difficulty. there is a little wave on it which delays the progress. we may see a bit more rain for northern ireland and for a while on wednesday, wales and northern england too. north of that, more sunshine in scotland pushing down into northern ireland. here it is cooler and fresher air. in the midlands and the south—east, a warm feeling day especially where we have some sunshine. the weather front is weak as it moves its way towards the south—east for thursday. the weather front in the north will also weaken with the area of showers. there is a boundary
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between the warm and muggy air and something a bit fresher. as it moves through, it produces a little rain. more showers, more pronounced, across scotland but the temperatures will be a bit lower, no better than 23 celsius. this is the business briefing. i'm sally bundock. trade tensions are set to escalate when a second round of tariffs hit us and chinese products this week. investing in india. the world's largest retailer, walmart, completes its acquisition of e—commerce giant flipkart in a $16 billion deal. and it's a mixed start to the trading week on asian financial markets as investors keep a close eye on global trade.
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