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tv   BBC News at Five  BBC News  August 20, 2018 5:00pm-6:01pm BST

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today at five — the government takes over the running of birmingham prison from the private firm gas after inspectors warn that it had slipped into a "state of crisis". there were riots there two years ago, and now a damning review has found widespread violence, drug use and squalid conditions. the chief inspector of prisons says it's the worst prison he's ever visited, and that some inmates are too scared to leave their cells. it cannot be the case that the only time urgent action is taken to restore decency in a prison is when an inspectorate report is published. surely somebody must have been asleep at the wheel. we'll have an eyewitness account of conditions at birmingham prison from an independent visitor. the other main stories on bbc news at 5... the british woman who survived ten hours in the sea after falling from a cruise ship — she's due to be released from hospital in croatia this evening. a man appears in court charged with attempted murder after a car crashed outside the houses of parliament.
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reunited after decades apart — a group of elderly south koreans finally get to see their north korean relatives again. and hackney to hollywood, we hear from actor idris elba as he makes his debut as a director in yardie — a film set injamaica and london in the ‘70s and ‘80s. we didn't opencasting for extras. two d oze n we didn't opencasting for extras. two dozen people showed up! —— 2000. its five 0'clock — our top story — the ministry ofjustice is facing growing questions about how it failed to prevent drug abuse and violence at birmingham prison. the chief inspector of prisons, peter clarke, says someone has been
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"asleep at the wheel" after he found that both staff and inmates at the jail fear for their own safety. birmingham prison had been run by gas — but now ministers have taken the unusual of handing over control instead to the prison service. downing street says improvements will be seen very quickly". our home affairs correspondent danny shaw has more. birmingham prison has had a long and troubled history. it was the scene of a riot in 2016 which left four wings badly damaged. 500 offenders were moved out, after the worst prison disturbances for decades. since then, inspectors say conditions have deteriorated to the point of crisis. it's forced the government to take over the running of birmingham from the private firm gas. this is a fundamental failure of leadership and management. we had hoped that gas bringing in a new, experienced governor would make a difference.
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it didn't, which is why we've had to make the difficult decision to step in ourselves. prison inspectors said there was a lack of order and control at birmingham, with violent inmates able to act with near impunity. a letter to thejustice secretary said... some prisoners refused to come out of their cells. groups of staff had locked themselves in their offices and conditions were found to be filthy, with blood, vomit and rat droppings on the floor. the chief prisons inspector suggested ministers should have intervened earlier. if they already knew about it, why didn't they do something about it? intervene, take effective action, show leadership. it cannot be the case that the only time urgent action is taken to restore decency in a prison is when an inspectorate report is published. surely somebody must have been asleep at the wheel. since the start of the year, gas has been warned numerous times
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that it must address the problems at birmingham, official improvement notices were sent to managers. last month, a former prison officer told the bbc he was frightened to go to work. i would sit in the car for a length of time trying to get yourself in the right state of mind to go in and do a day's work. was it your day to be assaulted? you were just expecting things to come along. in may, the voluntary body which carries out regular visits to birmingham was so alarmed by conditions, it wrote to ministers calling for action. the headcount needs to be reduced, managers need to be allowed to manage and be visible on the wings, and the whole issue of safety and violence and drugs need to be addressed. gas won the contract to run birmingham seven years ago, sparking staff protests. the company will not get the present back for at least six months until it's safer and more stable.
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gas said they welcomed the opportunity to address what it said were the exceptional challenges. many other prisons in the public sector face similar problems of violence and drug—taking, but none on this scale. and danny's here in the studio now. simply, what has gone wrong? birmingham isa simply, what has gone wrong? birmingham is a difficult prison to run, even when in the public sector before 2011 it was a struggle to maintain order sometimes and a half prison to deal with. local prison, great deal of prisoners coming and going on in short sentences, from court, being remanded. they don't have time to settle, form relationships with staff. things have clearly deteriorated rapidly since the riots in 2016 in particular. it comes down to leadership, staff who are in
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control, visible, on the landings. that is the key to a successful prison. cuts in resources and staff and makes a difference but other prisons have resource problems that don't have the depth and scale of problems you are seeing in birmingham. some people say it is run by gas, a private farm, that is what has gone wrong, privatisation, is that how you see it?” what has gone wrong, privatisation, is that how you see it? i do not think this is an argument about privatisation. gas runs four other prisons in england and wales successfully. it does not run birmingham very well. public sector prisons such as nottingham and liverpool which are really struggling... this is not about public or private but some people may well painted in those terms. a british woman who survived after falling from a cruise ship off
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the coast of croatia is expected to be released from hospital shortly. kay longstaff endured ten hours in the sea after going overboard. from the norwegian star liner at around midnight on saturday. officials said the a6—year—old was rescued 60 miles offshore. dan johnson reports. kay longstaff, returning safely to dry land on a different sort of ship. the croatian coast guard rescued her from the sea after she spent a whole night treading water. i fell off the back of the norwegian star and i was in the water for ten hours. so, these wonderful guys rescued me. this is the moment she was pulled from the sea on sunday morning. her coast guard rescuers said she was tired and a bit sunburnt, but remarkably well, considering her ordeal. she is now recovering in hospital. she is feeling good today, as she felt yesterday. she doesn't have any bad injuries on her body and she will be
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discharged from hospital today, in a few hours. she isjust waiting for her family to pick her up. kay was aboard the norwegian star, filmed here on an earlier cruise. it's thought she was on the seventh deck, close to the back, when she fell. the ship left the croatian port of dubrovnik and was heading north, towards venice. on saturday evening, just before midnight, kay went overboard, 60 miles out in the adriatic sea. a passenger took this photo showing part of the deck closed off. the ship turned back to try to find kay and its next cruise was delayed. there are questions about how she fell into the water and how she survived. the major factors in the survival in this case are going to be the warm water, which was about the same temperature as a swimming pool. the fact that it was calm, so there was not a great requirement to work hard to keep her airway clear of the water. that she was female,
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which helps her float because females have more body fat than males. and that she had experiences and training that would have assisted her to get through this ordeal. that's her previous experience as airline cabin crew, which may have helped, as well as practising yoga. i am very lucky to be alive. she certainly is. in winter, colder sea temperatures would mean a survival time as short as two hours. dan johnson, bbc news. dr sarita robinson is an expert in survival psychology from the university of central lancashire — shejoins me from our studio in blackburn. we have heard the water was warm and calm and yet ten hours in the middle of the night in dc, quite a story of survival. —— in the sea. of the night in dc, quite a story of survival. -- in the sea. imagine being in complete darkness, not
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knowing whether anyone is looking for you. looking for a needle in a haystack and i can imagine dark thoughts were going through her head at that time. how much of it, if you wa nt to at that time. how much of it, if you want to survive, is psychological? mental strength is critically important. if you have optimistic thinking, confidence that people will come and find you, that makes you do the behaviours that will keep you do the behaviours that will keep you alive. you are proactive, you can calm yourself, start to think clearly again and make those decisions that are going to be helpful to survive. if you fall into pessimistic thinking, you go into a state of helplessness. you won't do the things that will be beneficial in the long term. if you give up mentally, psychologically, think you will not be found, will not survive, that might mean you won't survive?
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evenif that might mean you won't survive? even if the physiological conditions, calm waters, nice and warm, are very favourable to survival, if your mental mindset is not in the right place, that can actually lead to giving up. we have seen people fading away in survival situation. there are reports that she was singing whilst in the water. i suppose she was just treading water, waiting for daylight to come and hoping somebody would spot in the water? sounds like she has done all the right things. singing, kept her spirits up. not trying to do things like swimming after the bout order to shore. in a panic situation, you might well do. —— swimming after the boat. i think her training has paid off in this situation. a lot of people would
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panic in that situation. clearly, thatis panic in that situation. clearly, that is one of the worst things you can do in the water. i think panic is one of those things that can happen on occasions when we feel like nothing else is going to really work. actually, the opposite of panic where people do not do anything, that can happen as well. when we see people in a very acute traumatic situations, fights and flight, traumatic situations, fights and flight, but cognitive paralysis or freezing can happen. people do not know what to do so they do not do anything. thank you for that analysis, dr. a mother and daughter have been left in a critical condition by a hammer attack in south—east
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london. 27—year—old joe xuereb, who did not know the women, was arrested on suspicion of attempted murder last night. the women, aged 6a and 30, are being treated at hospital. jenny kumah is at the scene in eltham in south east london. people here have been telling me of the shock and horror of this incident. normally, a quiet, calm and friendly area but after midday yesterday, they saw a woman, mother and daughter of polish origin where the cones are behind me, they had injuries to their head, severe, the pavement covered in blood. 0ne injuries to their head, severe, the pavement covered in blood. one of the neighbours had some cctv footage of the incident where he set a man could be seen repeatedly hitting the women of the hat. they are in a critical condition in hospital, the women. a 27—year—old man has been arrested on suspicion of two counts
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of attempted murder. yesterday, last night, police launched an appeal. they warn the public not to approach this man because they believe he may have mental health problems. they we re have mental health problems. they were able to catch them. it happened after a woman followed him in her car until the police could arrive and arrest him. speaking to people here today, this afternoon, they told me they do not feel safe, they are uncomfortable. there is a small police presence, forensic teams have been into a property to remove two pet dogs and certain items. details have emerged of the younger victim, 50 yea rs have emerged of the younger victim, 50 years old, polish, worked for a company in canary wharf, s np global. her employers said they are shocked and saddened by the senseless act. the headlines on bbc news...
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birmingham prison in a state of crisis. the woman who survived ten hours in dc due to be released from hospital in croatia. the man in court after crashing his car into the houses of parliament. england are staring at defeat in the third test against india — virat kohli making a century as they lead england by a80 runs. they have two full days remaining to secure victory and reduce england's lead in the series. it's tears for the u20 england women as they lose their world cup semifinal against japan 2—0 — they will now contest a third and fourth place play off on friday. and liverpool's mo salah has been named on the three man shortlist for the uefa player of the year award. he will feature for his club's side tonight when they face crstal palace in the premier league.
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i will be back with a full update at 5:30pm. the collapse of the high street chain house of fraser hit another major retailer today. shares in mulberry, which makes luxury handbags, plunged after it said it was owed up to £3 million by the department store chain. our business correspondent emma simpson is here. is the collapse of house of fraser causing ripples throughout retail? absolutely. mulberry has concessions in 21 house of fraser stores. this chain is important to mulberry. it generates a lot of revenues of handbag sales. 0ne generates a lot of revenues of handbag sales. one of steel suppliers that money by house of fraser when it went into administration. extraordinary sums. all the unsecured creditors,
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landlords and suppliers, house of fraser had debts together of nearly half a billion pounds. when a business goes into administration and is bought by someone else, mike ashley's sports direct, they are not liable to any of the debts. that is the harsh reality. suppliers are taking the hit. mulberry is the first supplier to reveal the true cost, up to £3 million. material enough for that to be announced on the stock exchange today. after almost ten years of economic hardship, greece has successfully completed a bailout programme, in which it received tens of billions of euros to help it fix its economy. it means the country can now borrow again on international markets. the loans given to greece since 2010 amounted to the biggest bailout in global financial history — but were conditional on its government introducing
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a series of deeply unpopular austerity measures. mark lowen — who covered the crisis for us — has returned to athens and sent this report. from 2010, greece was gripped by unrest. shouting. revealing its sky—high deficit led to three bailouts totalling over 300 billion euros. as austerity hit, despair turned to rage, running battles consumed central athens. archive: a huge bout of tear gas has just come up to this place where i'm broadcasting from... i covered the story as the athens correspondent, and have come back as greece finishes its bailouts.
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the endless days i spent here among the chaos of the protests seem almost like a distant memory. greece is clearly rebuilding but the problems are still here. unemployment is at 20%, down from a high of 28%. austerity has pushed one in five below the poverty line. the economy has shrunk by a quarter. greece may be coming off life support, but it is still far from real recovery. and out of sight for those still suffering, the once comfortable depend on food hand—outs after losing jobs and homes. livelihoods suddenly destroyed in 21st—century europe. translation: i don't see the crisis coming to an end. we are stressed and angry because we don't have jobs. i am embarrassed that i cannot buy my little grandchildren a present. we just want to live comfortably in our own homes so we can look our children in the eyes. it's the young fuelling a sense of recovery through start—ups, like this online human resources firm. they're drawing back home some of the half a million who left greece in the crisis brain drain. the fact we don't have any more
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particular issues of "0k, are we going to be in the eurozone, are we going to have euros tomorrow?" it's a good indication at least we feel there is some kind of stability. beneath greece's idyllic surface lies pain that will take longer to heal. but a ray of hope is beginning to flicker here. mark lowen, bbc news, athens. a man has appeared in court charged with the attempted murder of police and members of the public outside parliament six days ago. salih khater, who's 29 and from birmingham, is accused of driving a car at pedestrians, cyclists and police officers before crashing into a security barrier. our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford reports. it was last tuesday at 7:37am when a ford fiesta ploughed through a group of cyclists on the edge of parliament square before driving up the access road
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to the house of lords car park and smashing into the security barrier. counter—terrorism detectives led the investigation. this morning, the suspected driver of the car was brought to court to face two charges of attempted murder. in the dock, 29—year—old salih khater wore a grey t—shirt and white trousers. he confirmed his name and address. asked what nationality he was, he said sudanese and then corrected that to british. a refugee from sudan, he only got british citizenship six weeks ago. he is charged with attempting to murder cyclists at the junction of parliament square and with attempting to murder police officers on abingdon street outside the house of lords. the case is being treated as terrorism by the crown prosecution service. salih khater came to britain in 2010 after travelling for two years through africa and europe from sudan. he continued his education in britain while also working as a security guard. this morning's hearing lasted less than six minutes.
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the chief magistrate told salih khater he would remain in custody until his next appearance in court at the old bailey in 11 days' time. daniel sandford, bbc news, at westminster magistrates‘ court. let's take a look at some of the other stories this hour. the authorities in venezuela are issuing new banknotes, in effect slashing five zeroes from the country's currency to try to stem hyper—inflation. the international monetary fund believes inflation in venezuela could reach a million percent by the end of the year. thousands of venezuelans have been trying to flee the country and its economic turmoil, prompting other nations to impose strict border controls. pope francis has taken the unprecidented step of writing an open letter to all roman catholics, saying no effort will be spared to prevent abuse within the church. for the first time he directly addressed last week's revelations
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of large—scale sexual abuse by priests in the american state of pennsylvania — and acknowledged that the victims had long been ignored or silenced. an estimated two million muslims have been taking part in the annual hajj pilgrimage in mecca in saudi arabia. the pilgrimage represents the world's largest single gathering. all able—bodied muslims are expected to attend once in their lives — with participants visiting a number of holy sites over several days. today pilgrims visit the holy site of arafat near mecca. he's best known for lead roles in some of hollywood 5 biggest films and dramas. but now the british actor idris elba has taken on a new challenge — hes directed his first film. yardie is an adaptation of a novel set injamaica and east london in the 19705 and ‘80s. he 5 been speaking exclusively to our community affairs correspondent adina campbell.
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yardie is a nostalgic film about a time in my life when i was growing up in the mid—1980s, starts off in the ‘70s injamaica. follows a young man who goes through a traumatic thing at 11 years old and finds himself in england, still chasing his demons. why won't you stay? mummy has work, vanessa. she can't stay with me. i think people expect a massive gangster film and it isn't that. it is a story about trauma management, if you like. and this is your first big production as a director? were you not tempted to be one of the main characters, or were you solely focused on being behind the camera and a leading from the back? ijust wanted to put all my energy behind the camera, support the actors and let it not be about me and my vision and their vision and, you know, share that. i want you to be real, yeah? really real. first—time directors are typically younger than me.
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but i have had the university of my career, which has been to work with some of the greatest directors. and for your directorial debut, to film back at home, where you grew up in hackney, that must‘ve been quite special. i did an open casting for extras to come and sort of be a part of the film. like 2000 people showed up. i think they called it idris carnival day for that day. idris castival day. ijust did that. very good! how do you feel that the film industry is going at the moment in terms of bringing in and nurturing new, fresh black talent? i think it is a very healthy time. you and i sitting here right now, you as a presenter, me as a film—maker, it is an amazing thing. that never happened when i was growing up. when we look at england, we should all be proud that we are quite a multicultural society here. and it is starting to be reflected in our stories, in our content and our television shows. still a long way to go, you know, but at the end of the day there is movement. series five of luther is coming out soon. lots of people excited.
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are you surprised byjust how popular it is, notjust in the uk but all over the world? yes, definitely surprised. started off as a six—part series about a warped detective. and has become an iconic character. the luther fan base deserve a really good luther this year and i'm hoping i have given them one. i can't let it go without asking about the tweets recently. see you later! i've got to ask you. am i looking at the next 007? no. absolutely not? no. would it be a role you would like to do? i don't want to talk about it, honestly. idris, thank you so much for your time. thank you, wicked. a baby has been born mid—flight on the way to hospital in a coastguard helicopter over cornwall. emergency crews received a call on saturday night asking for urgent assistance for a woman who had gone into labour while visiting the isles of scilly. there was no midwife on the islands, so the family needed to get to the mainland quickly.
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a healthy boy was born one thousand four hundred feet over penzance. perhaps they will call him penzance. disappointing today. scotland, fresh air further south, warm and disappointing today. scotland, fresh airfurther south, warm and humid. tomorrow, warm and muggy. lots of cloud. some gaps, spots of light rain and drizzle. for most, a warm one light winds. 13—17 across parts of south east england. tomorrow, a grey and dismal start. mist or murk. not completely cloudy. better chance of sunshine in the afternoon. a
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change in scotland. fresher air, from the atlantic. turning more and settled from the north—west. north—westerly winds. cooler and pressure conditions with sunny spells, and heavy blustery showers. this is bbc news. the headlines... the government takes over the running of birmingham prison from the private firm gas after inspectors warn that it had slipped into a "state of crisis". the british woman who survived ten hours in the sea after falling from a cruise ship is due to be released from hospital in croatia this evening. a man appears in court charged with attempted murder after a car crashed outside the houses of parliament. a mother and daughter have been left in a critical condition after a hammer attack in south—east london. a man's been arrested on suspicion of attempted murder. good afternoon.
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england are staring at defeat in the third test with india at trent bridge. after yesterday's batting collapse, the visitors have piled on the runs today to lead by a89 with two full days remaining. it's been a bad day all round. wicketkeeperjonny bairstow took a blow to his finger off the bowling ofjames anderson, and had to be replaced, joss butler assuming the gloves. captain virat kohli has been instrumental in building india's huge lead, he made 103 before he was eventually dismissed — one of four wickets to fall today, it came off the bowling of chris woa kes. with to days remaining they are
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well—placed to reduce england's lead. england women under 20s missed out on a place in the world cup final as they lost to japan in france. the result means they will play in the third and fourth place play off on friday against spain or france. goals from riko ueki and jun endo securing their place in the final at the expense of mo marley's side, who've enjoyed a great run having topped their qualifying group, beating mexico and the defending champions north korea. uefa have released the shortlists for their men's and women's players of the british players involved but liverpool's mohamed salah is in there for his brilliant season that saw liverpool reach the champions league final. he scored over aa goals in all competitions. real madrid's luka modric and cristiano ronaldo,
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now ofjuventus, are the two other players on the list. salah should be in action tonight at crystal palace. part of that liverpool offensive line that the manager thinks will only get better. we feel in a good moment already since a few weeks, months... i wouldn't say years but it's getting better and better so that is an important thing because we are still in the process. we have to develop, thatis in the process. we have to develop, that is what i said. we are not the best tea m that is what i said. we are not the best team in the world so there's a lot of space for us to improving all the different departments. and you can hear build up and full commentary from selhurst park in 5 live sport tonight from seven. liverpool goalkeeper loris karius looks to be on his way out of the club, with a two—year loan move to besiktas in the offing. klopp is believed to be willing to off—load the player, who suffered concussion in the champions league final against real madrid, a match which saw him make two costly mistakes. and livingston have parted company with player manager kenny miller after seven weeks.
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it's believed the former scotland striker was not willing to give up his on field duties with the club keen for him to revert to a full time manager's role. he joined back in june, after previous manager david hopkin led them back to the premiership. and chris ashton could be banned after punching another player in a pre—season friendly. having only made his return to the premiership with sale this summer, he was sent off in a warm up game on friday. the referee was set to submit his report of the incident today. he was banned for 13 weeks for biting back in 2016 and has only just been recalled to england's training squad earlier this month after a four—year absence. that's all the sport for now. just to let you know that david devine has won great britain's first medal of the european para athletics championships in berlin, picking up silver in the t13 1500m. you can find more on all those stories on the bbc sport website.
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we'll have more for you in sportsday at 6.30. in 2008 the world's worst financial crisis in almost 80 years caused a global recession. many european countries including the uk had huge government debts but greece was worst affected, with a spiralling spending deficit. it had borrowed much more money than it was able to make in revenue through taxes. in 2010, the country revealed its sky—high deficit and was frozen out of bond markets. greece needed to be bailed out by the european union and international monetary fund. after long negotiations, it began receiving three successive emergency loan packages, totalling £259 billion. but the loans came with the price of drastic austerity measures and these caused real hardship for many greek citizens. but now, for the first
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in almost a decade, greece is off life support. the economy has stabilised and grown slowly and it can borrow on international markets again. the eu economic affairs commissioner pierre moscovici today welcomed the bailout exit as "historic". imaintain i maintain that greece is now a normal country. it means there is no programme any more. it means we normal country. it means there is no programme any more. it means we are not going to monitor the reforms taken by greece in the future. it means we are not going to impose one way or another any kind of measure orany kind of way or another any kind of measure or any kind of decision. it means that greece is free in the framework that greece is free in the framework that we have in common to define its own policy, the common policy. it means we are not going to discuss
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that, and it is significantly different. as a condition of the loans it received, the greek government was forced to introduce deeply unpopular austerity measures. yanis varoufakis was the greek finance minister in 2015. after only six months in office he resigned over the debt crisis. speaking to the bbc, he said there was nothing to celebrate today — since nothing would change. we haven't paid back a single penny. what has happened is this is what the european does when it wants to fudge and present a major defeat as a triumphant glorious victory. they extend and pretend, so they extended the repayments of the greek loans. it's a bit like a friend of yours not being able to repay their mortgage and the bank saying 0k, not being able to repay their mortgage and the bank saying ok, for the next ten years don't give us any
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money but after that you will give all of the money back with interest that will become pounded over the decade. that will not end well because when the repayments start hitting they will be unbearable. so greece has bankruptcy has been pushed into the future. no serious investment will take any of these pronouncements of the end of our financial woes seriously. there will be no investment, just speculation and the result is we are using 50,000 young men and women every month to immigration. the economy is shrinking and will continue to shrinking and will continue to shrink while the european economy is celebrating the end of the crisis. we have insolvent families and everybody owes to everybody else and nobody can pay. that has been the situation since 2010 and all that has been happening is the european creditors together with the international monetary fund are extending and pretending, extending
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the bankruptcy into the future at the bankruptcy into the future at the expense of making the crisis worse. that's the former greek finance minister. our business correspondent andrew walker is here. he says there is nothing to celebrate, and yet we are hearing greece is off life support so that's a good thing, surely? yes, as far as it goes and greece has already been going back to the financial markets to test the water and has established it can borrow money at relatively affordable rates, certainly far below the kind of levels greek debt was trading at the crisis at its worst levels that i think most economists would regard as being sustainable. having said that, there certainly are some very significant problems. unemployment is down from the horrific levels it hit at the worst of the crisis but it is still rather high. youth
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unemployment in particular was at over 50%, now near a0% so there's plenty of things to be concerned about and as he indicated, it will bea about and as he indicated, it will be a very long time before greece is really free of the debt that it has built up in the course of these bailouts. and it has been such a tough time for greek people. unemployment, high taxes, austerity, that really continues, life is tough economically. yes, mr varoufakis mentioned there has been a significant outflow of young people. somejobs have been significant outflow of young people. some jobs have been created significant outflow of young people. somejobs have been created but significant outflow of young people. some jobs have been created but part of the decline in unemployment represents people getting up to see jobs elsewhere. many households the entire family is dependent on a single pensioner and lots of businesses do have problems with their taxes but one of the greeks‘
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biggest problems has been widespread culture of tax evasion. that hasn‘t gone away altogether and it does mean those that are paying their taxes often are paying pretty difficult burdens. for the eu, they pumped in hundreds of billions to keep greece on the life—support machine. what does this mean now for the eu and the eurozone in particular? this is the last of the bailouts and that‘s one of the reasons you heard the commissioner very clearly greatly relieved that this is undoubtedly an important moment for the eurozone. there have been a lot of reforms undertaken to make the eurozone more resilient, they are better able to withstand future shocks and there has been talk about doing things to make government finances across the eurozone more useful in responding to shocks. that is very much work
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unfinished. and there are concerns about italy. if you look at the borrowing costs of the italian government, they are rather higher than the rest of the eurozone and thatis than the rest of the eurozone and that is a sign investors are looking with a degree of nervousness and there‘s no question italy‘s debts are so much larger than those of the other countries that did receive bailouts, if italy were to need financial assistance it would be a huge challenge for the eurozone. much bigger than what they have had to deal with so far. andrew walker, thank you. back to our top story — birmingham prison is being taken over by the government from the private firm gas after inspectors said it had fallen into a "state of crisis". the chief inspector of prisons said it was the worst prison he‘d ever been to and that some inmates were scared to leave their cells. roger swindells is the chair of the prison‘s independent monitoring board and wrote
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to the prisons minister about the poor state of hmp birmingham earlier in the summer. we can speak to him now from our studio in birmingham. just give us an outline of why you had concerns quite a while ago about birmingham prison and you are still very worried about it. we were originally very concerned prior to the right —— riot in 2016 and that has come out in the investigation report released. more recently our board met on a monthly basis with the management and the controller at the management and the controller at the prison and we were expressing our concerns about what we observed ona our concerns about what we observed on a daily basis that wasn‘t working properly in the present. we reached a stage, there was one week where there were several events and they are detailed in my letter to the board where we decided enough was enough and we needed to write to the
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minister to express our concerns and to give credit to the minister he replied three weeks later. there was a handwritten note from him where he indicated he had taken on board our concerns and will take steps to alleviate the concerns. what is wrong with this prison? we have heard inmates are scared to leave their cells and the inspector of prisons... there were so much drugs that he had to leave one wing because he could hardly breathe. that‘s right, and more importantly nhs staff on occasion had to leave wings because they couldn‘t attend to people. it‘s not entirely mps. there‘s another 800 or 900 prisoners who are not drug dependent and they have to live in the same environment which is very overcrowded. we are placing men in cells roughly three
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metres long, two metres wide, that houses two people with an open toilet without a lid and that‘s where they have their meals sitting on the bed. they are the concerns we we re on the bed. they are the concerns we were agitated about and reached the stage we had to make our point known. the running of the prison had been privatised, gas were running it, is that part of the reason things have gone so badly wrong in your view? no, it is a prison related problem. for all of the fa u lts related problem. for all of the faults gas will openly say they have made, there are faults by the controllers and just one example would be the windows in the victorian prison where we were advised that the hmp department had agreed they would be replaced starting in summer this year and we are at the end of august and nothing has happened with those windows. in a few weeks‘ time the weather will
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get cold and there will be people sleeping on beds fully clothed with a blanket attempting to keep warm because of those broken windows. a blanket attempting to keep warm because of those broken windowsm the inspector said it is the worst prison he‘s ever been to and that is a damning indictment, so what would you like to see done? i'm pleased with what has happened today because there is clearly an effort by the prison service having taken it over, the governor has a lot of skill and is presenting himself professionally about what he wants to achieve in the first four weeks. you have to wait for the secretary of state david gauke to reply, he has to come backin david gauke to reply, he has to come back in 28 days with a planned but in the interim i can advise there we re in the interim i can advise there were plenty of staff on the wings today and there was a relaxed, easy atmosphere in the prison today. although there were issues, there was nothing that caused concern to myself and my colleagues. let's talk about the growth of the use of the
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drug spice. i‘ve seen it said this isa game drug spice. i‘ve seen it said this is a game changer in britain‘s prisons in terms of the deterioration of standards of resin life. what is your view of spice and the effect it is having? you are right. the people who are taking it don‘t know the strength and it can have a massively adverse effect on them. we have seen instances where wings have had to be shut down because they are unsafe and after when the wing is opened up, those who haven‘t been involved in taking spice are about to create violence with those who have taken spice because they have missed their regime ora trip because they have missed their regime or a trip to the library or whatever has happened in a normal day because the wing has been closed down. spice affects other people, so we have had staff who have had to come off the wings because they couldn‘t work in that environment. it is destroying on many occasions the living environment. being a
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prison officer is a tough job before you start, then when you are coping with that as well it makes life very difficult and they have to go back in the morning and start all over again. it is a grim picture. thank you very much indeed. the headlines on bbc news... the government takes over the running of birmingham prison from the private firm gas after inspectors warn that it had slipped into a "state of crisis". the british woman who survived ten hours in the sea after falling from a cruise ship is due to be released from hospital in croatia this evening. a man appears in court charged with attempted murder after a car crashed outside the houses of parliament. an update on the market for you — here‘s how london‘s and frankfurt ended the day. a group of elderly south koreans have visited north korea to meet relatives they haven‘t
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seen for decades. the two countries, which are technically still at war, have organised reunion events before. but this is the first in three years. the south koreans were chosen by lottery — the oldest of them is 101. laura bicker reports. they‘ve waited more than 60 years for this moment. and some simply couldn‘t find the words. the joy of meeting also brings with it the pain of all those missed years. most have brought photographs to help them catch up. but these are the lucky few. half of the 130,000 families waiting to meet their loved ones have died before getting this chance. kim remembers the moment she saw her daughter for the first time in over 60 years. but the reunion was
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brief and bittersweet. all too soon, they were torn apart. translation: when time was up, i let go of my daughter‘s hand and got onto the bus. the moment i sat down i could not speak. not a single word came out of my mouth. i felt like cutting off my own flesh. anyone who has given birth knows what it feels like to leave their children behind. mrs kim knows she was lucky to have at least this one chance. it‘s unlikely to come again. this man is one of 88 who were chosen this time around. he got a call to say he‘ll meet his younger sister. he hasn‘t seen her for nearly 70 years. translation: after hearing the news,
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i was so shocked that i drank and couldn‘t sleep at all that night. he fled north korea in the middle of the night, leaving his family behind after growing concerned about the spread of communism. he fought the north during the korean war and is unhappy with the current division. i want to tell the world that we should allow separated families to meet whenever they want. instead of how it is now, with few people meeting rarely. for decades, this man kept looking north across the border for his mother in the hope she would return. she went back to north korea in 1953 to prepare for peace. he even built his house near where she left him. he‘s never been selected for the reunions. translation: when can we meet our loved ones? after all of us are dead? 100 people per event isjust meaningless.
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there are 50,000 people waiting all over the country. as well as bringing joy, this week‘s reunions will remind koreans on both sides that the pain of separation has not and may never leave this peninsula. laura bicker, bbc news, seoul. at least 1600 more people in england are thought to be alive today because of the establishment of major trauma centres six years ago. a report shows that they lead to patients spending fewer days in hospital and to them experiencing a better quality of life. our health correspondent nick triggle reports. this shows you, top to bottom, your injuries... tom rocke was inspecting the gymnasts on his roof last
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october when disaster struck. he fell from his ladder on his balcony breaking his leg, arm, wrist, shoulder and every bone in his face. he was taken by air ambulance from his home on the kent coast to kings college hospital in london. though not the nearest hospital, it is the region‘s major trauma centre and has the staff and equipment to save his life. i felt totally safe, secure and confident in everything that was being done to me. he is one of at least 1,600 people who are alive, thanks to a new way of providing trauma care in england. since 2012, the most seriously injured are taken to one of the country‘s 27 designated regional trauma centres, where there are specialist staff and equipment so they can be treated immediately. the study analysed care given to 110,000 trauma cases between 2008 and 2017. that‘s about half the total number. it found that since a 2012 reorganisation, the chances of survival had increased by a fifth. that extra 20 minutes or 30 minutes in the back of the helicopter or back of the ambulance means that
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when you arrive there is a trauma team receiving new, operating theatre immediately is a trauma team receiving you, operating theatre immediately available to operate on you and save your life, and then the skills to try and put you back together again. meanwhile, ten months on, tom‘s life is getting back to normal. trying to push myself doing various activities; static bike, then out on my road bike, started playing squash again, hobbling around the court a little bit at first but that has come back to playing 0k again now. you are watching bbc news. it is six minutes to six. he‘s famous for creating dresses that only the boldest stars would dare to wear — women like marilyn monroe, madonna and most famously cher. they‘ve all worn some of the outlandish pieces by the costume designer and nine—time emmy award winner bob mackie and now many of their outfits are up for sale. 0ur arts correspondent david sillito has been to meet him.
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i‘m bob mackie, and i‘m a costume designer. and i‘ve dressed some really interesting women, in my life. they come to me to wear something that, when they walk out on stage, the audience knows they‘re there for a show. bob mackie, one of the first dresses he helped work on was this show stopper for marilyn munroe. # happy birthday, mr president...# but he truly made his name as the master of attention—grabbing style when he teamed up with cher, especially those 0scar outfits. these are dresses that stop traffic, aren‘t they? well, they stop traffic, and they‘re like smoke and mirrors. they don‘t show anything, but you think you‘re seeing everything. is there anything she said no to? only if she thought it was boring. is there anything you have designed for her and you thought, "no, you can‘t wear that to the oscars?" yes, yes, and she made me do it, and then i denied doing it, for years.
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it was her turn back time outfit, that was called the "sailors on the ship". of course, bob‘s heyday was an era when fashion fame was limited to a tiny number of stars. these days, it‘s rather more democratic. freddie harrel‘s part of a new era of fashion bloggers and instagram stars, so we invited her to see what she makes of yesterday‘s attention—grabbing outfits. wow, fantastic. 0h, turn around, look at her! and you know this dress is cher's dress, not tina turner's. i know, i can't believe it. the dress, a cher classic, from her tv show. it‘s certainly eye—catching, but for freddie, the modern era of online fashion fame isn‘t so much about standing out, but bringing people together. sharing thisjourney on instagram,
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on social media, it allowed me to find this community of like—minded people who also are really eager to express themselves, and also find who they are and who they are made of. but for bob, this is a moment of farewell. do you feel sorry to say goodbye to them? no, it‘s ok. they‘re all documented, and it never looks as good as it did on that woman that day she put it on for the first time. indeed, when you‘ve got someone like freddie, that‘s when a dress becomes a bob mackie. david sillito, bbc news. time for a look at the weather. here‘s stav da naos with the forecast. is it going to stay warm? it will for the next few days, then turning a corner by the end of the week and may even feel autumnal. if
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you saw the sunshine today you were quite lucky because many parts of the country held on to the cloud but it was warm and humid. the cloud was thick enough even for some light rain across the midlands but across much of scotland some slightly fresher air and use of the best of the sunshine. as we head into the evening and overnight, it looks like the patchy drizzle through central parts of the uk will move out into the north sea. there could be sponsored drizzle elsewhere but mostly dry tonight with variable cloud, and a warm and muggy one with mist and murkiness. this is the big picture is we look into tuesday. a very wea k picture is we look into tuesday. a very weak area of high pressure for much of the country and this area will become the player in the north—west of the country with increasing wind. for much of the country again, pretty similar to today, a fairly cloudy one. another warm and humid one. into the
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afternoon we could see a better chance of seeing some sunshine across england and wales. meanwhile it will turn wet and windy here with cooler air, and one for belfast. —— a warmer day for belfast. this rain moves into scotland on tuesday night and wednesday, with cooler air looming behind it. by wednesday morning lying through central parts of the uk with heavy bursts of rain on that but it tends to fizzle as it moves south—eastwards. then a split, with cloudy, fairly warm weather where the weather front is and very warm across the south—east and in the sunshine we gutsy 27 degrees. the cooler air across the north—west of the country continues to fall south—eastwards across the country on thursday and eventually into friday, we are all into the cooler air mass. it may start off fairly
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warm and humid but into the afternoon the cooler and fresher air will be right across the country. some sunny spells in between. look at those temperatures, up to 22 degrees in the south—east. turning cooler for everyone on friday, around 19 at best in the south—east, and low teens in the north, and blustery showers moving down on northwest wind. darting off warm, turning cooler by the end of the inspectors found blood and vomit on the floor, sleeping staff, and an overpowering smell of drugs. it‘s not out of control yet, but it‘s not farfrom it, and the physical conditions there were amongst the worst we‘ve ever seen. we‘ll be asking whether the failures in birmingham could be more widespread in the prison system. also tonight, the british woman
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who fell from a cruise ship and spent ten hours in the sea leaves hospital. salih khater, accused of attempted murder after a car swerved into people outside parliament, appears in court. an emotional reunion — the north and south korean families who‘ve been separated for almost 70 years. continue — action! and the actor idris elba talks to us about his new film
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