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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  September 7, 2018 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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ba could face a fine of hundreds of millions of pounds for the huge data breach which has affected thousands of customers. the airline has apologised for the hack of personal and financial details, and says customers will be compensated, but some say they struggled to get information. it was really annoying, trying to find a way of contacting british airways to see if all my cards had been compromised. we'll find out what this means for the airline and its customers. also tonight: no—fault divorces could be introduced in england and wales — ministers say they want to reduce the animosity when married couples separate. former president barack obama calls for the restoration of honesty and decency in the us government — in an outspoken attack on his successor. a special report from libya, where a fragile ceasefire in tripoli appears to be holding.
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clearing our seas of plastic — we hear about the first attempt to get into the pacific ocean to dredge for rubbish. and a half century for alastair cook — as he shines with the bat against india, in his last ever test match. british airways could be fined as much as £500 million, for a huge data breach which has affected tens of thousands of people. hackers managed to access details of 380,000 bookings made with the airline over a two week period. ba say personal and financial details were compromised, although passport information
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wasn't. it says any customer who's been affected financially will be compensated. many have been forced to cancel their credit and debit cards. a criminal enquiry is being led by specialist cyber officers from the national crime agency. here's our business correspondent, emma simpson. it's all about the customers. business travellers and holiday—makers, transporting them around the world. but thousands have had their personal information stolen after british airways was hacked. george herrera is one of them. he booked tickets with a credit card at the end of august, but has other cards on his ba account, too. he's struggled to speak to the airline all day. i don't think i have to cancel all my credit cards, but i don't know. and so i'm in the process of doing that. and it's going to take a long time. so, what do we know about this data breach? well, it affected customers who made a booking or changed one
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through the british airways website or ba app from 11pm on august 21 up until 9:16 on wednesday evening. 380,000 cards were affected. ba says hackers stole names, addresses, e—mailaddresses and payment information. that included the card number, expiry date and, critically, the three digit security code on the back. i'm not letting you see my three digit number, because it's a bit like giving you the keys to my safe. now, with an online transaction, this number shouldn't be stored. ba says they weren't. so how did hackers get hold of them? emily here is a cyber—security expert. what could have happened? well, one theory is that a supplier to ba actually got compromised in the first place. so when you are booking a flight on the website,
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you may not realise, but there is lots of third—party software that is used within those web pages to do things like process card information. so it could be that they were targeted because they were a little weaker on security, and then used to extract the data. ba says it's sorry, promising compensation for any customers who may end up out of pocket. this was a very sophisticated criminal attack on ba.com, and over more than 20 years that ba.com has been operating, we've never had a breach of that type. this attack doesn't surprise me. we see attacks like this targeting payment and card details all the time. but this is a big industry, and criminals do do this on a daily basis. but it is unusual for hackers to land so much sensitive payment card details at once. it's the first major incident since new data protection rules came into effect, which means ba could face a sky—high fine of around half a billion pounds for the breach. and emma joins me now.
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do we know yet whether anyone has actually lost money? well, ba are saying tonight they are not aware of any customers losing out financially, according to the boss there have been no verified accou nts boss there have been no verified a ccou nts of boss there have been no verified accounts of fraud. but it has been a frustrating day, jane, for a lot of customers, some have been telling us they only found out about this through social media, and reading it on the news. so, a lot of anger as you can imagine. now ba are saying all 380,000 customers have now been contacted but this is a serious incident. the fact that ba reported it quickly enough, to meet a new 72 hour reporting requirement, may limit those huge potentialfine, the key questions are now, how did the breach happen? they are giving few
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details about it and did this airline fail in taking necessary measures to protect customer data, that may take time to establish. the government is proposing a major overhaul of the divorce laws in england and wales. thejustice secretary david gauke has said he's increasingly convinced of the need to remove animosity, and the administrative barriers, to married couples who want to separate. our legal affairs correspondent, clive coleman, is at the ministry ofjustice. clive, why‘s the government considering this now? well, jane, for decades now pressure as been bill foger a no fault divorce system, back in 1990, the law commission recommended one, and many seniorjustices law commission recommended one, and many senior justices favour one, why is that? well, it is because when you are getting divorced you are being ripped apart emotionally and financially, you are trying to work out sensible living arrangements for your children, if you throw blame and fault into the mix, most people
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think you are making a bad situation a whole lot worse, we nearly got no fault divorce back in 19th, it was in an act of part. so what would a no fault system look like? if you strip blame and fault out you are left with a notification system where by if a spouse says this marriage has broken down and if they don't say that after a fixed period, then they will be entitled to a divorce as of right. some people will say that undermines the institution of marriage, but others will say no, this merely strips out a layer of stress and anxiety in what can be one of the most traumatic experiences any of us live through. the former us president barack obama has made an outspoken attack on his successor, donald trump, and the republican party. speaking at a university, mr obama told the audience that they were living in extraordinary and dangerous times — and called for the restoration of honesty, decency and lawfulness in government. his speech comes two months before the mid—term elections, which will decide whether the democrats take
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control of congress. nick bryant sent this report from washington. this was barack obama returning to political centre stage. using what has been the strongest weapon in his armoury, the power of speech.. and deploying it against donald trump. hello illinois. and he addressed this rev week's revelation that trump appointees are working to subvert the president you are not doing us a service by actively promoting the stuff coming out of the white house and saying we are preventing the other 10%. that is not how things are supposed to work. this is not normal. . these are
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extraordinary times. and they're dangerous times. these were his strongest criticisms yet of the man who succeeded him and he was scathing about donald trump's response to vent last year in shah lots i have, the clashes involving white supremacists and neo—nazis lots i have, the clashes involving white supremacists and neo-nazis we are supposed to stand up to discrimination and we're sure as heck supposed to stand up clearly and unegive clent to nazi sympathiser, how hard can that be? saying that nazis are bad? donald trump isa saying that nazis are bad? donald trump is a counter puncher and an hour later buoyed by strong jobs figures he described his reaction. he said what do you think of president 0bama's speech. i said i'm sorry i watched it but i fell asleep. i found he sorry i watched it but i fell asleep. ifound he is very good,
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very good for sleeping. these first seven days in september, which started with a memorial service for john mccain feel like a milestone moment, when the forces of resista nce moment, when the forces of resistance to the trump presidency have asserted themselves more strongly, much of that service was a rebuke to the president and then came the blockbuster new book from bob woodward and the highly catholicical column in the new york times penned anonymously by an admin official. it is unprecedented to see this kind of public clash between a sitting president and his predecessor. and it speaks of how this divided country increasingly looks like two americas, one that rallies round donald trump, and one that seeks to resist him. tens of thousands of people in the syrian province of idlib have taken to the streets demanding international intervention to protect them from a government offensive. syrian government forces are massing on its borders, backed by iran and russia, whose planes have continued to bomb rebel positions. at a summit in tehran,
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both countries said the fight against terrorism had to be continued , despite fears of a humanitarian catastrophe. the labour leaderjeremy corbyn has said his party speaks for the mainstream in the uk. he hit back, after the former prime minister tony blair told the bbc he's not sure it's possible for moderates in the party to retake it from the left. his comments came as the leader of the liberal democrats, sir vince cable, said he wants to transform his party into a movement for moderates — which would appeal to voters disaffected by the direction of both labour and the conservatives. this report from our political correspondent vicki young contains some flash photography. is british politics in need of a face—lift — or even a total rebuild? are you a voter who thinks the politicians in here are failing to represent your opinions? tony blair was the last party leader to win a decisive election victory. he sasteremy corbyn doesn't have a broad enough appeal for this kind of win,
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and moderate centre ground mps have lost control of the labour party. i'm not sure that it's possible to take it back. there's lots of people associated with me who feel that the labour party's lost, that the game's over. visiting a museum in leicester today, the labour leader insisted he's the one in tune with voters, and his campaign for a more equal society was a mainstream message. tony should recognise that the party membership is now much bigger than it's ever been. in the general election last year, we set out what our aspirations are for the people of this country. aspirations of eliminating homelessness, aspirations of putting more money in resources into education. 0verwhelmingly popular policies. the liberal democrat leader thinks millions of voters feel homeless.
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today he offered them a roof over their heads, saying he'd open the party to outsiders who shared his liberal values. he even suggested the next lib dem leader wouldn't need to be an mp. why are you confident that millions of people would flock to you, in this new system? well, there is clearly a demand out there for a rallying point, for large numbers of people, you know, who are fed up with the drift of the country, and the fact that the two established parties are being taken over by extremists. some conservatives and many labour mps are increasingly uncomfortable with the direction their parties are going i. with the direction their parties are going in. there have been conversations about setting up a new party or breaking away from the old one, but without an obvious figurehead from inside or outside the political system, it's hard to see how any of these ideas would get off the ground. and there's certainly no agreement about what might happen next. vicki young, bbc news, westminster. after more than a week of fierce
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fighting between rival factions in libya, a fragile ceasefire brokered by the un appears to be holding. seven years ago, rebel groups, backed by a military coalition which included britain, toppled the dictator muammar gaddafi. since then, there's been political and military chaos. one result has been a huge surge in african migrants using the country as a route to europe. the latest violence between rival militias erupted around the capital tripoli. the bbc has the only international news team there — here's clive myrie. we're entering a nervous city. only now after a week of fighting and three ceasefires do we think it's safe to enter tripoli. along this same road seven days ago, fighters from armed groups based outside the capital breached
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the city walls. but rival factions inside tripoli were ready for the fight. the battles left scores dead, including civilians, and forced thousands to flee their homes. darkness provided no respite. the battles are over for now, but the scars linger. at his family compound, ali el—amari doted on two grandchildren who are now dead. translation: the rocket or missile landed right where the children were playing. there was blood everywhere. 0n the ground, all over the trees. when you see the body of your grandchild in pieces... my daughter had to see it too.
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i am very, very sad. i am very sad. why are we still all fighting? why? 0ne boy was 1a and the other 15. they were buried one week ago today. libya's problems, the deaths, the destruction, are the result of the messy end of colonel gaddafi's rule. the armed groups that helped topple him covered up the country, leaving no one in overall control. and the militias and groups that stayed within the capital are being accused of being greedy, of siphoning off funds, of ruining the economy. those groups outside the capital now say they had to intervene. there is a un—backed
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government in tripoli, but it's accused of allowing the armed factions in the capital to act with impunity. with so many militias and fighting groups seemingly running the country, libya is a failed state. and seizing on that failure have been the people smugglers. the fighting of recent days has ensnared many of the thousands of migrants who are trying to use libya as a gateway to europe across the mediterranean. these people had to break out of a detention centre when the fighting got too close. this man says there was gunfire at night and five people were hit, that's why we escaped, but even as we tried to run, another man was shot. the fighting forced thousands of
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libyans to free their homes, children to leave their schools. this woman is a mother of four. she said she wanted to talk to us, and she poured out her heart. we are tired, we've had enough, she told me. we had to leave our homes. i would like to send a message to the world, we are peaceful people. we wa nt to world, we are peaceful people. we want to live like everybody else, oui’ want to live like everybody else, our children to grow up in peace. why is this happening, why? libyans are tired of the men with guns having all the influence. and hopes for nationwide elections by the end of the year are now in ruins. once again, an attempt to stitch together this fractured nation has come to nothing. well, those possible elections that i mentioned, everybody here wants them, certainly the majority of civilians living in this benighted country. proper representative
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government that is fair to everyone, that this country has lacked for so long. but the conditions simply aren't right for a free and fair poll, so once again it will be the militias and the armed groups who will continue to hold sway here. in the meantime, the economy is on its knees, there are widespread fuel oil shortages, power outages, this in a country that is oil—rich. and frustration will continue to build and continue to grow that, seven yea rs and continue to grow that, seven years after the end of colonel gaddafi's rule, the lives of ordinary people here haven't improved. jane, back to you. clive, thank you. clive myrie in tripoli. every year millions of tonnes of plastic waste flow into the seas around the world. now, for the first time, there's going to be an attempt to get into the middle of the pacific ocean — to try to clean it. in the biggest operation of its kind, a huge plastic—collection system will be towed out from california tomorrow. 0ur science editor
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david shukman explains. in san francisco, final construction of a massive project with an incredibly bold ambition. to try to clear the oceans of plastic waste. this animation shows how the huge structure is meant to collect millions of pieces of plastic to make them easier to get rid of. sights like this have shocked people around the world. images of the damage to wildlife have inspired this effort to clean up. if we don't do it now all this plastic will start breaking down into smaller and smaller pieces, and the smaller the pieces are, the more harmful and harder to extract from the marine environment. so we feel there is a sense of urgency. there is plastic waste in every ocean around the world but this is the first attempt to clean it up. it will take place in the eastern pacific in a retreating current that traps plastic, what's called the great garbage patch.
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it's bigger than britain and france combined. how is the project meant to work? a giant tube 600 metres long will float on the surface and bend into a shape like a horseshoe, drifting naturally with the current and the winds. because it will move faster than all the bits of plastic in the water it should slowly gather them together into a small area. underwater a kind of barrier will hang three metres down to trap plastic below the surface and the design should mean that any fish will pass under it. once the plastic has been drawn into a dense mass it will then be collected by ship, taken away to be recycled. no one can be sure if the huge system will work. some experts worry it could harm marine life. the major problem is those creatures that passively float in the ocean and cannot actually move out of the way. once they are in, they are going to be trapped there unable to move. for example plankton
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is the bottom of the food chain, so we really do not want to be taking that out of our oceans. that is clearly from the teeth of a fish. yes. there is no other explanation. one of the scientists on the clean—up project says because the plastic is being eaten by fish it is entering the food chain so should be removed. it's been there for years. we find plastic from the 70s, from the 80s, from the 90s. and then we also find languages on those bits of plastic so we will find in the north pacific chinese, japanese, english, so we will try to define where the things may have come from. the plan is to start with one collection device and eventually deploy 60 of them. but all the time plastic is pouring down rivers into the oceans. so on its own the clean—up operation will never be enough. david shukman, bbc news.
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there's been an assassination attempt on the frontrunner in brazil's presidential election. he was stabbed in the chest during a campaign rally. he's a controversialfigure — his far right speeches have outraged many people in brazil, but he's been performing strongly in recent opinion polls. with its enviable living standards and comprehensive welfare state, sweden has for decades been held up as a beacon of social democracy. but elections this weekend could see a far—right party win a fifth of the vote. so what's behind this challenge to the political establishment? from southern sweden, jenny hill sent this report. today we fight. and it's a battle for the soul of this country. as they recreate sweden's past, populists fight the establishment for its future. they are the voice of the people. they are sort of taking the people's voice and putting it into politics.
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he's talking about the sweden democrats. once a neo—nazi party, they don't like the eu and they don't like migrants. this is where they live, where they live. they put cars on fire. it's very common. they blame them for crime, even though it's falling. if they say it's more safe now it's false, because there is much more of the gang violences, the gang rapes. some things wasn't before, but now it's all the time. all the time. is it responsible as a political party, to spread this kind of message of fear? yes, yes. why? it's information for the citizen. and have you met any of the asylum seekers who still live in the town? no, no.
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i'm not interested. it's three year since hundreds of thousands of people began to seek asylum on sweden's shores. other issues, health, the environment dominate now, and yet it's migration which could yet change the political landscape. apparently, classical parties like we, we do not provide a vision of the future, which is really attractive, so we are doing something right. is sweden changing as a country? well, perhaps not more than other countries, i would say. maybe we are turning to be more like a normal european country. the vikings are long gone. perhaps sweden's liberal era is ending too. this syrian refugee is now part of the clan. even so, she knows, she tells us, there are people who don't like foreigners.
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"when i meet them", she says, "i tell them i'm learning swedish, i have a job here." as political currents drag europe to the right, even sweden, rich, secure, may not be able to resist. jenny hill, bbc news, trelleborg. shares in the electric car maker tesla slumped by more than 9% at one point today. analysts blamed the departure of a senior executive after less than a month, and the erratic behaviour of tesla's billionaire founder, elon musk. last night he was filmed smoking marijuana during a podcast with comedian joe rogan. mr rogan offered his guest the drug, which is legal in california. cricket. 0n the first day of the fifth test against india at the oval, alastair cook — who's playing his last ever test — hit a half century. but england were less impressive after he was out for 71, slipping to 198—7 at the close of play.
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joe wilson was watching. what pose would you choose to capture the man that's alastair cook? resolute. no fuss may have been his wish in his final test match, but the respectful greeting from india was a gesture cook appreciated. then he wanted to live up to the welcome. after 12 years in the job, cook knew exactly where he was trying to guide the cricket ball. they call cook "chef", obviously. and the crowd wanted more. india helped here. cook dropped on 37. a little good fortune never hurt. and cook will always just clear his mind and go again. scoring shots were rare. pigeons seemed shocked to suddenly see the ball, but the 100 was in sight. 71 scored, and... well, if groans could rebuild stumps, cook would have remained. but he had to take the walk and the applause.
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a second innings for him may come in this match. how significant is he to english cricket? well, today, cook was like the cork. 0nce removed, the wickets just flowed. captainjoe root made nought, as did jonny bairstow. moeen ali dug in for 50 before he fell. and england were 198—7 at the close. missing you already, alastair. joe wilson, bbc news, at the oval. and that is all from the bbc news at ten team tonight. here on bbc it's time for the news where you are. hello and welcome to sportsday, i'm lizzie greenwood—hughes, here's what's coming up tonight. a bitter sweet day for alistair cooke in his final match for england. belgium's all stars show scotland how it's done in their friendly at hampden park. and rafa nadal takes onjuan martin del potro for a place in the us open final.
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hello and welcome to sportsday. it's been a bitter sweet day for alistair cooke in the last test between england and india. it's the former captain's final game for his country and although he played some of his best cricket reaching a half century, it was india's bolwers who had the best of the first day at the oval as england were 198—7 at the close of play. joe wilson reports. for about two thirds of the day of test cricket was all about alastair cook, he walked out to a guard of honour, the indian players either side of them applauding and a warm handshake from the team captain, it
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