hello and welcome to bbc news. human rights groups have described it as egypt's tianamen square. at least 800 protesters were killed when armed police officers swept in to end a huge anti—government sit—in in 2013. five years on, a court has sentenced 75 people to death, blaming them for the violence that took place. the demonstration was in support of the muslim brotherhood, and came just weeks after the former president, mohammed morsi, was ousted from office. authorities say 8 police officers died, but the government is still under pressure to explain the actions of the security forces. our middle east regional editor, alan johnston reports. in the courtroom, a cage crowded with defendants. this was a mass trial. it involved more than 700 people. among those behind bars were senior figures in the muslim brotherhood organisation, and some of the accused were condemned to be hanged.
thejudges confirmed 75 death sentences, originally handed down injuly. they gave other defendants jail terms. the brotherhood's spiritual leader mohammed badie got life in prison. this mountain of cases was tied to an event in cairo in 2013. gunfire. the security forces were sent to clear a square, called ra baa al—adawiya. it had been occupied by anti—government protesters. there was extraordinary violence. human rights groups say more than 800 demonstrators were killed in one of the worst such massacres of modern times. no police officer has been called to account for what happened. the authorities say eight security force members were killed and the defendants in the mass trial were accused of possessing weapons and murder. but for the well—known photojournalist, shawkan, there was some relief. he was given a five—yearjail term, but he's already served that time in detention and may soon be freed.
translation: the sentence is unfair because shawkan didn't commit any crime to be imprisone for five years. he was a journalist, only doing hisjob. many others in this huge trial must now come to terms with long jail sentences, and some know they may face death. alan johnston, bbc news. as the country prepares to go to the polls, sweden's prime minister has warned about the dangers of extremism and fascism. opinions polls suggest that the country's anti—immigrant party, sweden democrats, could become the second biggest in parliament. our correspondent, jenny hill, is in the swedish capital, stockholm. well, this is certainly the most significant election for sweden in decades. the sweden democrats, the anti— migrant nationalists, anti—eu party looks set to take at least a fifth of the vote
and that represents a serious challenge to this country's political establishment. prime minister is clearly concerned, even he is warning about what he describes as dark forces mobilising within the country. sweden, in the last few years, took in more people seeking asylum per head of population than any other european country and the sweden democrats have made political gain out of the crisis, focusing on what they say is migrant related crime. this collection will no doubt be closely scrutinised in other eu capitals. not least because, like so many other european countries, sweden, for all its long and roll tradition, finally seems to be shifting to the political right. we will have full coverage of that election and results from sweden as they come in,
along with analysis on what they might mean. that's here on bbc world news from 21.00 gmt on sunday. the labour party leadership has said there is no campaign to force out mps who are critical ofjeremy corbyn. a number of mps have faced a no confidence vote by local party members in recent weeks and today the labour mp chukka ummuna urged the leadership to ‘call off the dogs‘, comments which the shadow chancellorjohn mcdonnell said were unacceptable. 0ur political correspondent, alex forsyth has been following the story. we know there are different schools of thought in the party and the accusation now is that rings have come to such a head that some of jeremy corbyn‘s supporters are trying to oust some of his critics. that some elements of the left—wing of the party are trying to get rid of the party are trying to get rid of some of the more centre—left mps. that is the accusation from chuka umunna. he doesn't say that they tried to orchestrated that he says they need to do something to stop
it. in his words, call of the dogs. this is what he said a little earlier. already, centre-left mps are being systematically targeted with motions against them. motions brought against them for standing up the ce ntre—left brought against them for standing up the centre—left values. my message to all leadership is clear. it is even your power “— to all leadership is clear. it is even your power —— it is within your power to stop these so—called orthodox. this is what john mcdonnell had to say in response at all earlier. —— call off the dogs. stop getting in front of the cameras inventing stories. unite with the re st of inventing stories. unite with the rest of the party. what we want is a labour government as soon as possible. right across the company, —— country, there are 5000 people sleeping rough. nhs in crisis. loach 's sleeping rough. nhs in crisis. loach ns __ sleeping rough. nhs in crisis. loach 's —— low wages, these are that things we are dealing with, not these things they are trying to invent. all relying —— referring to
our party members as dogs. three labour mps had their local parties carry out no—confidence votes and they lost. all three mps critics of jeremy corbyn. it has led some to worry they are going to face some sort of deselection. as things stand, those votes are purely symbolic but the party's left—wing momentum is trying to get the rules changed to make it easier to challenge sitting mps. the group says that is about being more democratic and increased scrutiny. there is no conspiracy to get rid of a certain type of mp but there are serious concerns and all of this is going to come to a head when the party meets fritz conference later this month. in syria, government and russian warplanes have carried out the most intensive bombing on rebel positions in the province of idlib in almost a month. at least 9 people are said to have been killed, including two children. the united nations is warning of a new humanitarian crisis if there's an all—out military offensive. here's our middle east correspondent, yollande knell. today in the idlib countryside.
explosion. the full—scale offensive here hasn't yet started, but these were powerful blasts. amazingly, those nearby survived. activists say the bombing intensified. here, syrian government helicopters dropping barrels packed with explosives. siren wails. and after each strike, the white helmets civil defence rushing in, searching for survivors. all chant. with the fate of idlib hanging in the balance, its residents are taking to the streets, desperately calling for international intervention to prevent a deadly government offensive in this rebel—held area. many syrians opposed to the regime fled to this province from other parts of the country, swelling its population to 3 million and the un warns any battle here will be horrific and bloody. although these rebel
fighters are defiant, they look set to be massively outgunned. some are aligned with turkey but in a confusing mix of shifting alliances, much of the province is under the control of jihadists formerly linked to al-qaeda. some residents fled idlib early on in the war. as refugees here in lebanon, they can see the hills that lead to home and they worry about family left behind. translation: they are telling us it's terrible. tragic. they don't know what to do or where to go. it's hard. maybe they'll get hit as they're running away. the situation has been terrible there for a long time. but president assad, surveying territory already recaptured by his forces, now looks on course to win back all of syria. the support of russia and iran has been crucial to his triumphs. as his troops mass on the borders of idlib, they insist they'll drive out the militants they see as terrorists. so far, international calls
for a ceasefire are being ignored and there is a growing sense that this 7—year—old war that has killed hundreds of thousands is reaching its final stages. yollande knell, bbc news, beirut. it's emerged that a russian dissident, who was murdered in britain in march, believed that two men from moscow had tried to assassinate him five years earlier. nikolai glushkov was found dead at his home in south west london, a week after the former spy, sergei skripal and his daughter, yulia, were poisoned in salisbury. now the police have re—opened their investigation into an incident in 2013, as richard lister reports. the murder mystery of nikolai glushkov, a prominent critic of vladimir putin, hasjust become a little murkier. his body was found at his home in south—west london in march, a week after the skripals were poisoned in salisbury. mr glushkov appeared
to have been strangled, but now it has emerged that one of bristol's grandest hotels may have been the setting for an attempt on his life five years earlier, when two russian men plied him with champagne. keith carr was the paramedic who treated him. nikolai had been lying on the floor and he had carpet burns and he appeared like someone who normally who had an epileptic fit. the russian told him he'd been poisoned, and he was taken to bristol's royal infirmary. it is the first time in over a0 years that i've ever had anybody claiming to have been poisoned deliberately. but when we revisited the bri 1.5 hours later or so, the consultant told me that it was now being taken very seriously and they'd handed it over to special branch. the police did investigate, but no charges were ever brought and the enquiry into mr glushkov‘s death at this house in new malden appears to have gone cold.
officers, though, are still seeking information about this van, seen near the house before his murder. there's been no official linkage between the glushkov case and the salisbury attacks. decontamination efforts are under way at the house where sergei and yulia skripal were poisoned. but police say they won't discuss lines of enquiry in either investigation. richard lister, bbc news. tall ships have sailed into sydney harbour for a protest for climate change. the rallies, head of the summit of global warming being held in next week. australia remains heavily reliant on
coal to generate its electricity despite what activists say its access to abundance of cheap renewables. it is of great concern in the pacific region. this week, australia and new zealand joined pacific nations to declare that climate change is the greatest threat to island states in the region but campaigners want australia to go faster on cutting emissions will top delaunay today the australian government has said they are thinking about pulling out of paris. —— omissions. they are thinking about pulling out of paris. -- omissions. today, the australian government. we are today demanding that climate action. australian government. we are today demanding that climate actionm the thai capital bangkok, dozens of fishermen assembled in front of the
un central headquarters. their livelihoods threatened by rising sea waters and coastal erosion caused by climate change. inside, delegates have been discussing how to implement measures agreed by world powers under the 2015 paris climate agreement. these latest talks aim to create a d raft agreement. these latest talks aim to create a draft framework for limited —— that limiting global average rises to below two degrees. elsewhere, protesters came out into the street in brussels to press the european union to do what it can. one in paris and across france, rise for action climate activists joined in the march. despite these global protests, fossil fuel companies say they intend to spend trillions of dollars over the next few decades to extra ct dollars over the next few decades to extract more carbon, not keep it under the ground as campaigners want. with business continuing as usual, this means the paris deal will be put on hold. david kemp an
hourly, bbc news. a court in egypt has sentenced 75 supporters of the muslim brotherhood to death over a protest in which at least 800 people died. air attacks by syrian and russian airplanes on the rebel province of idlib have intensified amid warnings about the risk of a humanitarian crisis in the area. the japanese tennis player naomi osaka has won the us open in new york, beating 23—time grand slam champion serena williams. there was high drama in the second set when the umpire gave serena williams a game penalty for calling him a thief. osaka is the first japanese player to win a grand slam tournament. our tennis correspondent russell fuller has more from new york. naomi osaka had won the first set by six games to choose plain brilliant and as we had no idea what was to come in the second set and it all started when the umpire carlos ramos warned serena williams for receiving
some coaching from her coach in the stands. williams was unhappy with this and made her point initially politely but forcefully to ramos, she felt he was questioning her spirit and the way she approaches the sport and her attitude. she then smashed her racket in anger when she was broken back, when her serve was broken and under the rules the umpire, having warned a player, then has to dock them a point, and at the next change of ends, the argument continued and became more heated with williams angrily wagging her finger in the direction of the umpire, saying that he thought she was a thief and a liar and that he would never be on the same court as him again, she suggested he would not officiate matches in the future, and said it would not have happened ifi and said it would not have happened if i was a man. the umpire then had to dock again for verbal abuse which left a sucker in a fabulous position which gave her first title. ——
osaka. she wanted to play sabrina said she was a little girl. has this overshadowed her win or are people talking about her tennis as well?m overshadowed the moment but in time this will be a significant moment for her. it is a shame she didn't get to celebrate the way she would have wa nted get to celebrate the way she would have wanted to on the court. the booing continued for a while. when the presentation started on the crowd was still booing and when serena williams put her arm around naomi osaka answer to the crowd let's not boo her anymore and let's say congratulations that the crowd did start to salute the new champion. i think everybody who was here and has watched her around the world is aware that at the age of 20 she is a fantastic player, colourful, and she has shown here today she seems to have the ability today she seems to have the ability to deal with these high—pressure situations which is quite rare in a 20—year—old. situations which is quite rare in a 20-year-old. russell fuller in new york. in 1991, the russian city of leningrad became the first city in the ussr to change its name in a referendum, and became
st petersburg again. the historian and politician ludmilla narusova has been telling the bbc witness programme how it happened. newsreel: the campaign to restore leningrad to the original st petersburg is gathering momentum. translation: this was the first time in the ussr that citizens got to choose the name of their city in a referendum. st petersburg was the cradle of the bolshevik revolution and in 192a, it was renamed in honour of vladimir lenin, revolutionary leader and founder of soviet communist ideology. now, his ideology has been rejected by the reformist leadership here, they no longer want his name stamped on their city. translation: rejecting lenin's name meant a complete turnaround away from totalitarianism towards a new mentality and towards europe.
it is the most european of all russian cities. its founder, peter the great, said it was russia's window on europe. the hardline communists are fighting to keep leningrad and on this issue, there were undignified scuffles, the old guard outraged at the challenge to their historic struggle. translation: no-one, not even ourselves, believed we would succeed in changing the city's name because the opposition was very strong. this was the last stronghold of communists, lenin and his legacy. i remember 24—hour vigils outside our home where old communists shouted, "we will not allow you to dump lenin's name" and so on. translation: when pollsters
predicted the result at 49—50 or 50—49, on the eve of the referendum, the orthodox church published its opinion. i quote, " leningrad is an ideological construct imposed upon the name of st peter, in whose honour the city was named." a russian orthodox service was held on the steps of the cathedral of st peter and st paul, closed by the communists. church leaders here want the city to bear the name of st peter. translation: do you know what our guiding light was? the words of peter the great himself — "the impossible does happen" — and it happened.
this was a surprising result. a slim but safe majority voted yes to the referendum question on whether leningrad should become st petersburg once more. it was an indescribable feeling of great romantic illusions and hopes that this was the first step up a great ladder. many of our hopes did not come to pass. the enthusiasm fizzled out during the painful years of economic shock therapy, suffering and hardship. today, with the promotion of soviet nostalgia by politicians and on tv, i think the result would have been different. a mother and child who accidentally fell on to a tube track moments
before a train arrived have escaped unhurt. police said the woman was pushing a buggy along a platform at baker street station in london when she veered too close to the edge and fell. charlotte gallagher reports. emergency services swarm around baker street station last night. people who saw what happened were screaming and running away in tears. suddenly, alarms started going off, and all the members of staff were running around the place, yelling. and i was on the escalators going down to the platform when a number of staff were running down the escalators with a hi—viz jacket, yelling for everyone to get out of the way. it was on this platform where the family had their miraculous escape. distracted by the arrivals board, the mother fell off the platform, along with her child in a buggy. her partnerjumped down to help and the three managed to crawl into into the shallow pit under the rails.
the whole point about the pits in which the people cowered underneath the train is that they were built precisely for this eventuality. so the people who designed the tube more than 100 years ago realised that people might fall onto the tracks, and that they would be able to hide underneath the train in the pit. and that's what it did — it did itsjob. the track's electric current was shut down and the family managed to escape. they were taken to hospital but amazingly, did not suffer any serious injuries. transport for london says it is relieved the family managed to escape unharmed after the accident here last night but says it emphasises the need for people to stay behind the yellow line on its platforms. on social media, witnesses expressed their shock and relief about what happened. a near miss which could've been a horrifying tragedy. charlotte gallagher, bbc news. oscar—winning director
alfonso cuaron‘s roma has won the golden lion at the venice film festival, bringing netflix its first major festival victory. it seals the online streaming company's reputation as a big name in arthouse movies, as laura westbrook reports. alfonso cuaron‘s roma is a deeply personal black—and—white memoir. it was inspired by his childhood in the roma district of mexico city, and the film seems to have inspired the judges too... alfonso cuaron for roma! ..taking the top prize at the venice film festival. it was a decision that was reached entirely unanimous by the entire jury, so 9—0. applause. i am the queen. but you are mad. the favourite which, like roma, focuses predominantly on female
characters, took the grand jury prize. its star, olivia colman, received the best actress award for her portrayal of queen anne. best actor went to willem dafoe, who played vincent van gogh in the biopic at eternity‘s gate. despite stories about women dominating the festival, only one of the films was directed by a woman. jennifer kent took the specialjury prize for the nightingale, a revenge thriller set in the 19th century tasmania, —— a revenge thriller set in 19th century tasmania, and she made a plea in her acceptance speech. i'd just also like to say to all those women out there wanting to make films, please, go and do it. we need you. applause. however, the talk of the night was most certainly netflix. roma was one of six netflix films that premiered here, and it's the first big win for the streaming service at a major festival. cannes banned netflix from its competition.
the online giant has been attacked for its strategy of making films available for streaming on the same day they are released in cinemas. while some worry about what that will do to the movie industry, alfonso cuaron sees it as an opportunity. this is a film that is in black and white, in spanish and mexican, with not—recognisable actors as stars, and they are giving it a huge, huge, huge international push for this film. and not any company does that. as the conversation about the future of film continues, what does seem certain is that we'll hear more about roma as the awards season approaches. laura westbrook, bbc news. now the weather with ben rich. hello. the first half of the weekend has brought some fairly mixed weather
and i can't see the second half being particularly different. sunday will bring rain at times. breezy weather, even windy weather across the north. but amidst all of that, there will still be some spells of sunshine. the pressure pattern is a fairly complicated one. low pressure up to the north—west. a few different frontal systems here crossing the country, bringing outbreaks of rain. this front in the west will bring some outbreaks of patchy rain across the south—west of england, wales, north—west england, northern ireland for a time through the first part of the morning. tending to fizzle as they drift eastwards. some heavier rain, though, moving northwards across scotland. by the afternoon, many places should be fine and dry, if rather breezy. there will be some spells of sunshine, a bit of patchy cloud as well, but a warmer day across the south—eastern corner. 23 degrees in london. there could be some showers from our old weather front just moving across wales, into the midlands, maybe north—west england. much of northern england fine with some spells of sunshine. northern ireland having a decent afternoon. eastern scotland cheering up quite nicely. but for western scotland, you can see these showers and perhaps thunderstorms pushing back in from the west.
they will continue during sunday evening into the night, blown in on an increasingly strong wind. we could see wind gusts of up to 50, maybe 55mph. so that wet and windy weather will continue to sweep eastwards across scotland as we go through into the early hours of monday. further south, largely dry. some clear spells, but despite those clear, starry skies overhead, there will still be a bit of a breeze so it's probably not going to get too cold. many places holding up in double digits. so, we get into monday and we still have showers across northern and western parts of scotland. further south, a decent day. spells of sunshine and then later on, rain will return to northern ireland and once again, the western side of scotland, the odd heavy burst and it will turn windy again as well. 15 or 16 degrees across parts of scotland, but 22, still quite warm towards the south—east. that sort of split is going to continue as we get deeper into the week. by tuesday, we're going to be left with this trailing cold front. uncertainty about exactly where it will turn up
but it will bring some cloud, it'll bring some outbreaks of patchy rain. to the north of it will be bringing in some cool air. but down to the south, we will be drawing in some fairly warm air. so, a split in our temperatures as we get deeper into the week. northern areas rather cool, quite breezy and there will be some rain at times. further south, those temperatures could get up into the middle 20s for a time, particularly on tuesday. but even here, we're expecting something a little bit cooler and fresher for the middle of the week. this is bbc news, the headlines: a court in egypt has sentenced 75 supporters of the muslim botherhood to death, over a protest which killed at least 800 people, five years ago. the demonstration in cairo began after the military removed the then president, mohamed morsi, from office. amnesty international says the sentences are a mockery of justice. the united nations is warning of a humanitarian crisis in syria's idlib province, as russian warplanes intensify airstrikes on rebel positions there. idlib is the last major rebel stronghold in northern syria.