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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 18, 2018 11:00pm-11:31pm BST

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this is bbc news. the headlines at 11:00: a government—commissioned report says it should be easier for highly—skilled workers to the move to the uk after brexit but those from the eu shouldn't get preference. the european union's lead brexit negotiator, michel barnier, says the eu is ready to improve its proposal on how the irish border can be managed after brexit the reservists who died during an sas march in the brecon beacons — two officers in charge of safety are cleared of negligence. china has hit back at the united states, announcing new tariffs on $60 billion worth of american imports in the escalating trade war between the two countries. in the champions league, a dramatic night and a grandstand finish at anfield. and it's in! a stoppage—time winner from roberto firmino sees liverpool overcome paris st germain. and at 11:30, we'lll be taking an in—depth look at the papers with our reviewers
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political strategist jo tanner and john rentoul, chief political commentator for the independent — stay with us for that. the limit on the number of highly—skilled workers who want to move to britain should be abandoned according to an official report commissioned by the government. the migration advisory committee whose report is about immigration policy after brexit is recommending a system based on skills rather than giving preferential treatment to people from the european union. but the committee also found that overall the impact of migration from europe on the uk had been relatively small.
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0ur economic editor kamal ahmed has been studying the findings. east london making clothes and a factory that is 85% staffed by eu migrants. what are you bringing over to here? for chief executive, jennifer hollowaym, any chance for chief executive, jennifer holloway, any change to that could cause real headaches. they are the ones that are already skilled. they are absolute masters at their profession. if the eu workers weren't available to us, i think the adult education budget, which has had lots of reductions could be increased, so we could take more people off the unemployment register and give them the technical skills required. today's migration report says eu migrants have boosted the uk economy, paying more in taxes than they receive in public services. any negative effect on wages has been small, but house prices have been pushed up slightly. a higher population means more demand. leeds, and the view from the market. concern about immigration has fallen
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since the brexit referendum. there are a lot of people coming out of education, and they're a bit worried about the job prospects because there might be more competition. if there is a doctor in nigeria, and he can't get in, and if he is good enough and can bring something to the nhs in britain, let him in. i'm all for that. as long as they don't bring in butchers, i'm happy with that. they are not taking myjob. so what are the big ideas on immigration in this report? first, end free movement for eu workers. second, no preferential access for eu citizens over workers form from other parts of the world once the uk leaves the eu. but the report says that position could change, if immigration becomes part of the eu negotiations. third, high—skilled immigration should be encouraged, and low—skilled workers discouraged, apart from in the agriculture sector such as fruit picking. to all those that say that the free
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movement of eu workers into the uk has been good for the british economy, you are saying that is not true, that free movement should stop. the problem with free movement is that you don't have control over the number of migrants and you don't have control on the mix of migrants, so we think that if migration is managed, there's a way in which it can accentuate the benefits and mitigate the costs. taking control of our borders — that was the message from the prime minister following the referendum, and with this report backing that position, the critics are already lining up. i think this report is a missed opportunity. any decision by the government to reduce immigration at the expense of economic growth will be damaging to london, and damaging to our country. the economics of immigration versus the politics and support for more restrictions. when i spoke to unite members after the brexit vote, it was very clear that
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migration was one of, if not the key issue why they voted to leave the eu. so from their perspective, the announcement that there is going to be a much more measured approach to migration will be warmly welcomed. how high will the levels of control be once the uk leaves the eu? we will know the answer to that when the government announces its new long—awaited immigration policy in the next few weeks. the eu's chief negotiator michel barnier has said he is ready to come forward with an improved proposal on the question of the irish border after brexit. he said the eu offer would fully respect the ‘territorial integrity‘ of the uk. the issue of the border between northern ireland and the republic has emerged as the main obstacle to an agreement ahead of the uk's withdrawal in march 2019. speaking this evening, mr barnier said most customs and regulatory checks would be able to take place away from the border. it is ongoing. we are clarifying
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which goods are arriving in northern ireland from the rest of the uk. they need to be checked and where, when and by whom these checks could be performed. we can also clarify that those cheques can take place away from the border. in the company premises or in the markets. we need we need to de—dramatise the checks that are needed. these checks are caused by the uk's decision to leave the eu, its single market and the customs union. 0ur europe editor, katya adler, gave us her assessment from brussels. we belong is said that in trying to find a brexit deal between the eu and the uk, the irish border issue could be the issue this autumn that
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could be the issue this autumn that could bring a deal tumbling down and tonight, ahead of an eu leaders summit that theresa may will be attending and were brexit will be discussed, even though not negotiated, the eu's chief brexit negotiator says we are going to make a new, improved offer on ireland. it's not really new. the eu knows the uk doesn't accept its current proposal. theresa may has said it will constitutionally break up the united kingdom, somehow separating northern ireland off from the rest of the uk so since the summer, the european commission has been tying to de—dramatise the proposal, as they call it, take up the politics and just discuss the proposal. the fa ct and just discuss the proposal. the fact that barnier went big on the proposal tonight is part of a concerted effort by eu leaders to help theresa may. they want to brexit deal this autumn so with words and gestures, they will try to help but this is still not about
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organising their principles or red lines. two men who were in charge of an sas exercise in the brecon beacons in which 3 reservists died have been cleared of negligence. the men died trying to complete the 16—mile march on one of the hottest days of 2013. the judge at the court martial said it was the failures of the military authorities that were to blame as our correspondent duncan kennedy reports. this is the gruelling route that shows the unforgiving terrain of the brecon beacons — the testing ground for the sas. injuly 2013, lance corporal craig roberts, trooper edward maher and corporaljames dunsby collapsed on the march and died from heat stroke and organ failure. the two military organisers — known to the court as 1a and 1b — were charged with negligence. but today the judge stopped the court martial and ordered that the two men be found not guilty. he said they were not negligent as individuals, that the real fault lay
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with what he called the systematic failures of the military authorities to train the men properly. the families of the men who died said the mod failed in its duty. there is still no official guidance for those conducting endurance marches in the british army on heat illness even five years on. this is beyond unacceptable, and shows blatant ignorance to a vital need, where apparently three deaths are not enough. this was one of the scenes on the day of the incident. the three men had set off on the 15—mile march carrying 50—pound backpacks and gps trackers. near the end of the exercise, craig roberts collapsed. edward maher also succumbed to the 30—degree temparatures. whilst james dunsby was found on the final leg of march. the mod is immune from prosecution.
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in a statement today, it said: the three men had pushed themselves to their limits to try to join the sas. they died in the pursuit of that dream, not because of the faults of individuals who were there, but because of a series of fatal shortcomings by the military authorities. duncan kennedy, bbc news. the inquest into the death of pc keith palmer in the westminster terror attack has been told that security at the palace of westminster, hadn't functioned for years. one of the officers on duty at the time of the attack carried out by khalid masood said it was possible that an opportunity to save pc palmer's life had been lost because nobody guarding the gate was armed. a jury has found that a bus driver
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caused the deaths of two people by dangerous driving. kailash chander who's now 80 and suffers from dementia was ruled unfit to stand trial. he lost control of his bus 3 years ago and smashed into a supermarket, killing a 7 year—old boy and a woman in her 70s in coventry. 0ur correspondent ben ando has more details. shoppers scattered, the bus only stopped when it smashed into the front of a supermarket. two people we re front of a supermarket. two people were killed. pedestrian dora hancock, aged 76 was run over while 70 old --7 hancock, aged 76 was run over while 70 old ——7 —year—old rohan fitzgerald was up at the front of the bus and died in impact. at the wheel was eight—year—old kailash
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chander, ruled too ill to face committal charges. you can't tell. all i was focusing on with saving my life. mr chander, a former mayor of lemington, had been warned about his driving. the report on his driving makes the shocking reading. they found the bus was frequently speeding and every bus stop was overshot with the passenger only just on the platform. mr chander was told not to drive when tired of his regular 75— hour weeks didn't break any rules. we want to see something
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positive come from this and at this time, we feel this will only come from a change in law on bass drivers aged hours of work. many are wondering why he was driving on that day. the liberal democrat leader sir vince cable has said brexit is not inevitable and that it can and must be stopped. in a speech to the party's conference in brighton he called on both theresa may and jeremy corbyn to support a people's vote on the final deal the prime minister negotiates with brussels. from brighton our political correspondent ben wright reports. hey, hey, theresa may! give us all a final say! this is a party that believes brexit can be stopped. but it's also a party looking for fresh purpose and soon, a new leader after sir vince cable said he would stand down before the next election. he's a lame duck
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leader now, isn't he? hardly a lame duck, he's not set a specific time, he's said he's got a number of tasks. and one task above all... brexit is not inevitable. it can and it must be stopped. the lib dems want a second referendum on the brexit deal and sir vince urged the prime minister to follow their example. instead of kowtowing to her enemies in the conservative party, she could lead her party and the country by opening her mind to a people's vote on the final deal. it's not clear how the lib dems would engineer a second referendum but sir vince was scathing about the tories... boris and donald, the terrible twins of the raving right. before swivelling his sights on true labour's leader. ifjeremy corbyn will not say, i will support a people's vote and i will fight brexit, labour members should waive him goodbye. this party hoped for a surge in support following the brexit
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vote, but it didn't happen. now, vince cable says he wants it to become the home for voters he describes as moderate and perhaps allow non—mps to become its leader. there are millions who can see that the two main parties have been hijacked by those who want to turn their backs on the modern, interconnected world. together, we can and we will win. he is putting in new reforms which will really make it an exciting party. i think we're doing well, but i think we can do a lot better. we are a liberal country and yet the lib dems are not seen as being the people that you naturally go to — but we will be. and that's the challenge? yeah, i hope so. but it will be a new generation in charge. ben wright, bbc news, brighton. the headlines on bbc news: make it easier for highly skilled workers to move to the uk after brexit — the recommendation
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of a report for government. the eu's chief brexit negotiator promises improved proposals on the irish border issue, and says customs checks could be held away from the border. two sas members are acquitted of negligence over the deaths of three reservists in the brecon beacons. the trade conflct between the united states and china is intensifying after the us announced the biggest round of tariffs so far against some chinese goods. beijing has hit back by imposing new trade tariffs on a range of american goods. president trump has insisted that tariffs are neccessary to cut the trade deficit between the two countries, currently over $375 billion. in a moment we will hear from our china correspondentjon sudworth. but first, our north america editorjon sopel. it isa
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it is a good time to be in the container business in the us, as more and more good pour in from abroad. but it is not good for the deficit, and donald trump, from well before he became president, has railed at the unfairness of trade between the us and china. we are the piggy bank to the world. we have been ripped off by china coal we have been ripped off by the european union, we have been ripped off by everybody. in 2017, us imports from china amounted to $506 billion. ta riffs have china amounted to $506 billion. tariffs have so far been applied to $53 billion worth of chinese exports. the tariffs announced today will now affect $200 billion worth of goods from china, and there is a warning that might rise by an additional $267 billion if china attem pts additional $267 billion if china attempts further retaliation. because chinese action is already taking its toll on exporters. farmers on land and farmers of the sea are feeling the effect. lobster
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fishermen in main are finding a big demand for their luxury produce, which is exported live to china —— maine. it is becoming too expensive for consumers there, and across america, this is starting to hurt all sorts of businesses. this is a trade dispute that donald trump started and donald trump believes that he can win. the us calculation is this. because the deficit is so huge, china will soon run out of products on which it can impose tariffs, or as commerce secretary wilbur ross put it, they will run out of bullets. at this trade fair today, china was showing off its latest gadgets. it is all part of a plan to create a world beating, hi—tech economy, our planet believes the us tariffs are designed to stop. for policymakers here in china, every line in this latest and extremely long list of us tariffs will read as proof of a real threat
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to the very economic model on which this country's success has been built, exports and state backing for industry. the response has been swift. translation: china has no choice but to retaliate in order to firmly defend our legitimate interests, and the global free—trade order. in 2017, china imported $130 billion worth of us goods. the first round of tariffs this year hit $50 billion of that trade, and today, almost all remaining imports, $60 billion worth, were targeted. but, while china may have few options left, many us businesses don't think the trump tariffs are working. we had a survey recently. 0nly the trump tariffs are working. we had a survey recently. only 6% currently work considering moving back to the us. so the us is hoping forjob creation. we don't really see that happening. it is the grim
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prospect of economic pain with no political gain. linda yueh is author of great economists. earlier she told me how this escalating trade war could have a global effect. what we have now are tariffs, taxes, on the equivalent of 2% of world trade, and that is just from the us side. if you add on what the chinese have done, we are talking about the impact of 3% of world trade, and this isn't the end of it. president trump has said he will put a tariff on all chinese imports into the united states. that is $500 billion worth, if a trade deal isn't negotiated by next year. now, we know how long trade deals take. we talk a lot about wrecks it, having one done by next year it will be a tad on the optimistic side. right, but if he goes further, presumably the chinese will retaliate once again. i'm sure they will, and in
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fa ct, again. i'm sure they will, and in fact, if you look at the way the chinese are responding, they are doing it in a very measured, tit—for—tat way, so they are making it clear they have to retaliate. so with america imposes tariffs on half of what it buys from china, china imposes tariffs on half of what it buys from america. because you will remember china imports around $130 billion worth of goods from america last year, so $60 billion is close to half. now, the challenge is going to half. now, the challenge is going to be what if this escalates further. are we really going to see a situation in which not only are their taxes on what is traded around their taxes on what is traded around the world, which will raise prices for consumers, not only in those countries but also elsewhere, because we are all connected, but will they also be damaging in positions of restrictions on supply chains? so, for instance, limiting us investment in china, or china, chinese firms, not being able to invest in the us, has already seen
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bigger companies being invested, and that also means jobs. bigger companies being invested, and that also meansjobs. so bigger companies being invested, and that also means jobs. so the bigger companies being invested, and that also meansjobs. so the real escalation, i think, that also meansjobs. so the real escalation, ithink, is that also meansjobs. so the real escalation, i think, is actually on the investment side. because unlike tariffs, which can be decided today and changed tomorrow, once the company changes in investment decision, that is going to be very difficult to change back. in the deadliest case of so—called friendly fire between syria and its powerful ally russia, syrian defences mistakenly shot down a russian military jet, with the loss of at least 1a lives. the plane came down 22 miles from the syrian coast, as it was making its way back to the russian airbase in latakia. we heard earlier that the eu chief negotiator, michel barnier, has said the eu is ready to improve its offer on the irish border, which has been a key sticking point in the brexit negotiations. this week, bbc news is considering some of the most common questions being asked about brexit and its potential impact. tonight, our correspondent damian grammaticas investigates the irish border issue. what will brexit mean for the union?
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why haven't we left yet? will problems with the irish border stop brexit? on the way to brexit, the biggest roadblock we face, the irish border. that's it. we'vejust crossed the border. ireland to northern ireland. no markings, just the signs change. today, it is almost invisible. a century ago, the division of ireland, partition and the building of customs posts, led to years of troubles. those ended after the good friday agreement brought peace. the fear is reimposing border checks would risk in new violence and be hugely complicated. so theresa may in the eu have promised to guarantee there will be no border under any circumstances. mrs may says she
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wa nts circumstances. mrs may says she wants no new customs or other checks here. they wouldn't be needed if the uk quits the eu but stays in its single market and customs union. but mrs may says leaving those as well isa mrs may says leaving those as well is a red line for her. it wouldn't be delivering on brexit. the border is this stream here... this family have farmed here for six generations. there fields stretch both sides of the border. these are both sides of the border. these are both your fields. these are both minefields. ireland will have the uk's only land border with the eu, and a busy one. 30% of milk from the north goes out to be processed. 50% of lamb does as well, and from the south comes 25% of beef used in the north. the eu's proposal is that, if any checks are needed, they won't happen along the line between northern ireland and ireland, but between it and the uk. northern
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ireland staying under most of the eu's single market and customs rules. but for theresa may and northern ireland's democratic unionists, who support her in parliament, any new border within the uk is unacceptable. however, the uk government has not put forward any alternative legal text to the eu's version. that is the only one in the negotiations. mrs may hopes of future trade deal built around the chequers plan will make border checks unnecessary. but the eu wants a border guarantee now. without one, it won't agree an exit treaty. without that, the uk faces and no deal brexit. this is the final point of ourjourney, this port. we are in northern ireland, the republic is just over the water here, and is handled a little over 10% of northern ireland's trade. some believe technology can raise the borders but both the eu and the uk
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say it can't remove the need for checks, so the dilemma — is there any border solution acceptable to the eu, uk, unionists and other brexit is like —— brexiteers like? they hope to make it more palatable by making any checks that have to happen here less obtrusive. the question is, could theresa may sell that to her party and mps in parliament? if not, any brexit deal may be in trouble. and we will have more key brexit questions coming up throughout the week. you can watch the series so far on the bbc iplayer. we all know about unexpected guests at weddings, but this newlywed couple from the isle of wight was in for a real surprise when the prime minister turned up. theresa may arrived on a motor cruiser while the couple was being photographed for their big day. mrs may apologised for not being dressed for the occasion, before posing between the happy couple and offering her congratulations. and we will be taking
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an in—depth look at the papers with our reviewers, the political strategist jo tanner and john rentoul, chief political commentatorfor the independent. that is coming up after the headlines at 11:30pm. now it is time for the weather, with chris fawkes. hello there. the uk is going to take a bit ofa hello there. the uk is going to take a bit of a buffeting on wednesday. this is what happens when we put an area of low pressure underneath the jet stream that is moving at 175 mph. it develops an area of low pressure that will bring some strong winds to the uk. that is why the met 0ffice have issued an amber wind warning for northern ireland, central and southern parts of scotland, where the gusts could reach about 80 mph around some of the coast sandhills. that is strong enough to blow some trees down so expect some transport disruption for wednesday. certainly there will be
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speed limitations on temperatures and those brisk winds will be affecting scotland's central belt as well. now, along with a very strong winds we have heavy rain which will feel quite cool. further south, a band of rain across england. still some cooler air across east anglia and south england. then on to wednesday night and thursday, we start to get another area of low pressure forming along a weather front so outbreaks of rain will once again become expensive across england and wales. but it is across wales and cumbria we could see the largest falls of rain from this next weather system. met office weather warnings are in force for the amount of rain. 80— 100 millimetres over the hills. expect some flooding from this. you might remember yesterday if you were watching that i was suggesting this area of low pressure could be deeper and more developed. well, it is. 15 millibars deeper on wednesday. the consequences some strong winds across southern parts of england, much stronger. gail is becoming widespread overnight as the band of rain pushes its way eastwards. to be slow to clear away
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for south—east england for friday, but ultimately friday is going to be quite a breezy kind of day. sunshine and showers, and began some of the showers could merge to give lengthy spells of rain across north—western parts of the uk. now, temperatures will be coming down with those north—westerly winds. so instead of highs of mid 20s in the warmest spots, we will be looking at temperatures around 17 degrees also in the very warmest areas. median 18 in london. 0nto the weekend's forecast. pressure is forecast to build modestly across the uk on saturday so most of us should actually have a decent day. however, we are going to see some rain returning off the atlantic towards the south—west. so for southern wales in south—west england it looks like there will be some rain here. 0therwise, after a chilly start to the date there will be some sunshine, against a blustery showers working in the western scotland, and the temperatures, high as ranging from around 13 to about 16 or 17 degrees further south. looking at the second half of the weekend, at the second half of the weekend, at the moment the forecast is for an area of high pressure to move in.
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however, this is something of an outlier in the forecast compared with a lot of the major computer models. what a lot of them do instead of this kind of scenario is we have quite a nasty area of low pressure running right the way across the uk. if that alternative scenario happens, sunday will turn out to be a wet and windy day, rather than this bit of rain across the south of the country. there could be some further changes in the forecast there. 0nly could be some further changes in the forecast there. only the next week, what will generally happen is we should start to see reaching in the jet stream which will encourage an area of high pressure to perform —— ridging. where it eventually lines up, will determine exactly how warm it gets in the trend will be that we see increasingly dry weather, especially across southern parts of the uk. that said, some fairly wet and windy weather at times across the far north and west. that is your latest forecast, goodbye for now.


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