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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  September 25, 2018 9:00pm-10:01pm BST

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. the us comedian bill cosby hasjust been sentenced from 3—10 years for drugging and molesting a woman in 200a. at the un — president trump launches a scathing attack on global institutions and says america will always act in its self interest. we reject the ideology of globalism and we embrace the doctrine of patriotism. in the uk, the opposition labour party have voted in favour of a brexit motion that backs the possibility of a second referendum. and in portugal — a 400—year—old shipwreck has been discovered — it's being called the discovery of a decade. in the past hours bill cosby has been sentenced to between three
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and ten years in prison. in april he was found guilty on three counts of sexual assault — and today the judge called him a "sexually violent predator". the attacks happened in 2004 and the victim was andrea constand. this is her coming out of court a short while ago and embracing another cosby accuser, janie dickinson. and here's what her attorney had to say. we are glad the judgement day has finally come for mr cosby. mr cosby has shown no were morse. —— no remorse. there has been nojustice for many of the accusers who were barred from a court by the arbitrary time limits explode —— imposed. the context to what the attorney was talking about, is that around 60 women have publicly accused cosby or a range of serious sexual assaults that took place across 50 years —
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many of which we were when he was one of the biggest entertainment stars in the us. statute of limitation laws in different states mean that only one charge has been brought to trial. here's the reaction ofjust one of the other women who've accused cosby. i'm more emotional than i thought i would be. all i can say is this is going to help change the statute of limitations. we will get it abolished and we will support what is happening here in pennsylvania and this is just is happening here in pennsylvania and this isjust going to show victims that they can make it through and that there is justice at the end and hallelujah! witt earlier i spoke to aleem maqbool in washington. this was the upper level of the sentence that could be given to him. he was given three charges of assault on which one of them was given guilty. he has been given 3—10
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yea rs. given guilty. he has been given 3—10 years. he had been arguing that his lawyers at least were arguing that a he shouldn't get a prison sentence because he is 81 years old, the risk of payment reoffending was close to zero according to his lawyers and also he was legally blind. but the judge dismissed all that saying that he disagreed there was no risk of bill cosby reoffending. and he has been sentenced to prison in a state facility. this is a big moment and just in the last few minutes, we have seen the extraordinary images of as you say, on one stage one of the most famous man in the world, certainly one of the biggest entertainers during the 80s being led out of the courtroom in handcuffs. i know there are people watching us and america who need no expedition. but for everyone else it can't be overstated the position bill cosby held for some time. yeah,
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at one stage she was referred to as america's dad, the cosby show was a huge shower and a huge phenomenon. he was a huge pioneer in terms of being an african american in primetime american tv. but that reese took him globally. —— the the cosby show. i remember as a child watching in the the cosby show here in the uk. he was one of the biggest stars that america had. being prosecuted for his crimes and what the hope is and we have just heard from the lawyers, the prosecuting lawyers, the hope is that this will encourage others to come forward, other women to come forward when it is men in positions of power, when it's celebrities that have perpetrated these crimes. since the second world war, international institutions have increasingly been used to organise our world — the un is obviously the most prominent example — but there are many many others. today in new york, at the un general assembly, the president of america took aim at all of that.
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he begins with the international criminal court — and then his attack widened. the icc claims near universal jurisdiction over the citizens of every country. by waiting all principles of justice, every country. by waiting all principles ofjustice, fairness and due process. we will never surrender american sovereignty to an unelected, unaccountable global bureaucracy. america is governed by americans. we reject the ideology of globalism and we embrace the doctrine of patriotism. well having listened to that, the un secretary—general addressed the president at a lunch. mr president, presidential, you are a proud american. i of course am
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proud portuguese, and proud of its people in the country. each one of few distinguished heads of government, you are proud of your countries, of poor peoples, other cultures, of your contribution to world civilisation. —— of your peoples. but we are all the citizens of the world and we are also united ina way of the world and we are also united in a way by common goals — the well— being of humanity. there's a broader context to this. injune, the us pulled out of the un human rights council. also this year it's stopped funding to some un agengies. since that decision, bbc reality check has looked at whether the us is pulling its weight at the un. particularly with funding. well, each country contributes according to its economic size. america's share of global economic output is 23.6% and it pays 22%. not far off. as a proportion of economic output — the uk is joint first with canada as countries paying the most — and the us is fifth. laura trevelyan is in new york.
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i was struck by that phrase he used when he said "we will be guided by patriotism, not globalism" as he put it. what in practical terms does this mean for the institutionjust behind you? this is the heart of multilateralism. it's the biggest multilateralism. it's the biggest multilateral organisation in the world. its founding principles are to try to prevent war through working together. this is a defiant sta nce working together. this is a defiant stance by president trump and his america first 2.0, he laid out his vision last year and now he is underlining at talking about sovereignty. what it means in practical terms? the us is still contributing about one quarter of the un's peacekeeping budget. the un officials i've spoken to is that they have found the us ambassador to they have found the us ambassador to the un nikki haley to be tough but
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fairand the un nikki haley to be tough but fair and that she is and lamenting his policy and looking at every area in which the un... —— she is implementing donald trump hasta policy. there is a bit of a gap between what happens in practise and i was talking to the nato secretary—general earlier and he told me despite the fact that president trump has been beating up on nato members for not paying their dues because the us military is now stronger, nato is able to do more. there is often a difference between the rhetoric and what is happening. a couple of other things to ask about, back in 2014, before he was a presidential candidate, donald trump tweeted. "we need a president who isn't a laughing stock to the entire world. we need a truly great leader, a genius at strategy and winning." i pull that up because president trump opened up his speech with a big claim that not everyone took seriously. in less than two years, my administration has accomplished more than almost any administration in the history of our country.
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america's so true. laughter. didn't expect that reaction, but that's ok. laughter. well, he took it in stride. last year president trump targeted kim jong—un — and called him "little rocket man". this is the two leaders in singapore in june. we couldn't have predicted this picture would be taken. and this time he praised his relationship with kim jong—un. and turn his ire on iran's president rouhani. as a warm up mr trump tweeted, "despite requests, i have no plans to meet iranian president hassan rouhani. maybe someday in the future. i am sure he is an absolutely lovely man!" if that was the message on twitter. that wasn't the message during the speech. here's more from it.
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additional sanctions will resume on november five and more will follow. and we are working with countries that have poured her rainy and crude oil to cut their purchases substantially. —— poured their crude oil. we cannot allow the world's leading sponsor of terrorism to possess the planet's most dangerous weapons. this was president rouhani's response. translation: it is unfortunate that we are witnessing rulers in the world who think they can secure their... 0r fomenting extremist nationalism and racism and through xenophobic tendencies resenting a nazi disposition as well as through the trampling of global rules and undermining international institutions. back to laura, while these two case strips off each other, what are all of the other
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countries and organisations involved in that iran deal trying to do? are they trying to shore it up or are they trying to shore it up or are they trying to accept that the rug has been pulled from under it? they are trying to shore it up and there was a big meeting here at the united nations yesterday between iranian officials and other parties of the deal including china and your european union officials. 0nly deal including china and your european union officials. only the us is pulled out. they agreed to an international financing us is pulled out. they agreed to an internationalfinancing pride us is pulled out. they agreed to an international financing pride —— mechanism to protect iran so that companies doing business with iran could use this financing to try to avoid us sanctions essentially. it remains to be seen whether or not this will work but that is those who are still cemeteries to the drink —— signatories to the deal. just on sunday the us secretary of state mike pompeo was holding out hope for
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meeting between president trump and hassan rouhani but it doesn't look like this will happen. why we are talking, i know mike pompeo is speaking and i can see on the newswi res speaking and i can see on the newswires he is already being very critical of iran, what is america prospecting here? what do they hope to get out of framing iran in this way? john bolton who is the national security adviser is due to speak in the next hour and he will tell a run that there will be hell to pay if they defy the us. and the thinking is that this time last year president trump was very harsh on north korea, he called kimjong—un little rocket man and now the two are talking. the idea is that that strategy of threats worked with a grin and perhaps the same thing will happen with iran if you can isolate them internationally. 0f happen with iran if you can isolate them internationally. of course the difference here is that this multilateral deal which the president is not so keen on if they're not in america's interest, there are parties still committed to
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it, the europeans, the chinese, the russians. while america is by far the more powerful economic power, nonetheless the fact that there is an attempt to stand up to them means that it may be a different story with iran that was with north korea. laura, thank you very much. laura live with us at the un in new york. stay with us on 0utside source, still to come. archaeologists have found a 400—year old shipwreck off the coast of portugal. we will speak to some of the people who found it. a lawyer representing nearly 250 victims of the contaminated blood scandal of the 19705 and 805, has told the public inquiry it should learn from the "chilling" lessons of the investigation into the hillsborough football disaster. 0n the second day of the inquiry, the scottish government came under fire for not being a key participant. there were also claims about attempts to destroy official documents. the inquiry heard the number infected by contaminated blood, could go "far beyond 25,000".
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michelle tolley, who was infected with hepatitis c by contaminated blood, said she wants those in authority held to account. those responsible for this historic and horrific tragedy which has lasted decades must be identified! applause . they must be held responsible for the consequences of their actions and prosecuted if necessary. this is 0utside source live from the bbc newsroom. 0ur lead story. the us comedian bill cosby is sentenced from three to ten years for drugging and molesting a woman in 200a. some of the main tourist from bbc
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world service. ethiopia has detained 1,200 people over the deadly political violence that broke out a fortnight ago. police say 28 people died in the clashes in addis ababa following the return of exiled leaders of a former rebel group. bbc afrique. they have that story. remember this dramatic rescue. remember this dramatic rescue? a migrant from mali, mamoudou gassama, was caught on camera dramatically rescuing a child dangling from a balcony in paris. well the child's father has just been given a three—month suspended sentence for neglecting his parental responsibilities over the incident. he was also ordered to take a course on being a better parent. from bbc world service radio. one of our most read stories on the website — the two men who hung up a photo of themselves on a bare wall in their local mcdonald's have been presented with cheques for $25,000 from the company, and been told they'll be starring in a new marketing campaign. the two friends had said they were frustrated by the lack of asian people on the posters in the restaurant. the head of the central bank of
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argentina has resigned unexpectedly, citing personal reasons. it comes just three months after he was appointed. argentina is in turmoil over an economic crisis that forced it to agree a $50 billion loan deal with the imf. daniel gallas, south america business correspondent, it's here and is in sao paulo. are these the real reasons, daniel? personal reasons that not a lot of people believe because they know the history of this government. they know right now that there is a lot of discussions being made inside the government. and allowed the scrimmage between a lot of people because basically argentina needs to getan because basically argentina needs to get an agreement with the imf on a new package that will help the
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country stabilise its currency. but there are a lot of questions of how this deal should be struck and their are even some people in the government who say argentina needs more money than the imf is getting it. a lot of disagreements and so far markets have been operating on rumours more than news. today we finally had news that one key member of the government a man who was once called the lionel messi of finance in argentina, comparing into a great footballer, has resigned from office. in terms of the imf loan, what do they want in return for giving argentina the money? argentina is pretty much saying that it will do a lot of the things that the imf wants it to do. it will give... the government is proposing budget cuts and austerity measures so the government its self is on board with the imf. the imf is more
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wondering about their ability to deliver. they now need to go to congress to approve his budget and perfect they can on these promises. the president has been meeting with many of the governors and doing all the political work but there will still be some time before he can get the budget approved in congress. meanwhile the imf is looking and has not yet official lies the deal. we talk about the problems of the argentine economy but how is this affecting regular people as they go about their family lives right now? well, it's incredible that we have been talking about argentina's economic crisis for so long and the country has not entered recession yet. it has a chronic problem of price and inflation and exchange rate. argentinians are allowed poor because when they travel abroad their money is not worth as much as it was before. they had not been
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losing jobs that much. they haven't been hit by a procession like brazil. and now that is about to happen. —— hit by recession. this year they‘ re happen. —— hit by recession. this year they're expected enter recession. things are looking bad and that things were short in argentina but now things will look worse because there will be more unemployment and all the consequences of. daniel, good to good to talk to. live with us from sao paulo. the co—founders of instagram, kevin systrom and mike krieger, are leaving the firm. after launching it in 2010 — they sold the app to facebook for $1 billlion two years later. that looks like money well spent for facebook. today, it has one billion worldwide users and counting. my my cousins and lots of tweets. but mike krieger tweeted, "0ver eight years ago, kevin and i started instagram, hoping to build something that would bring out people 5 creativity and spirit for exploration.
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now it's time for the next chapter. a huge thank you to everyone in the community who we ve met along the way." but the pair's departure has raised a few questions. about what was going on at facebook that led to their departure. zoe kleinman explains. they don't express any animosity directly towards facebook. there have been rumours that they didn't get on with the leadership. however in the statement, they say they want to focus on the curiosity and creativity. it's an interesting statement because normally when somebody leaves a big tech firm, they say they are going to recharge or they're going to take some time off with their family. but these guys are very clear — "we're going to do something else. and we're not going to be doing that within the boundaries of facebook". instagram was bought out for a huge amount of money, of course. and what's happened since it was bought in 2012, it's gone from 30 million users to1 billion. so clearly, the growth has been there. however, it's moved a long way from its original ethos, which was to be a simple platform, it was just an image sharing platform. there were no ads. now, there's ads, now there's instagram tv, now there's video. it's becoming a more crowded platform in the style of facebook and that was never
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what they wanted for it. for a tech firm to lose their ceo and their cto at the same time, the co—founders who built it, this is big and it is certainly going to shake the firm. what we need to know is who is quick to take over next? there are a lot of names in the ring. of course, facebook is not going to say anything yet. but one of those names is adam mosseri who used to run facebook‘s news feed, controversially, at the time. not everybody likes his way of working. so, it's going to be interesting to see. certainly it will take facebook‘s leadership more on board. instagram was run quite separately. it's likely now it's going to be a facebook exec who will take over. us fashion giant michael kors has confirmed it will take over versace for $2.1 billion takeover. creative director donatella versace has run the company since 1997 and will continue to oversee the brand's creative vision. samira hussain is in new york for us. so why does michael kors want to buy
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for saatchi? michael kors feels it can actually do wonders for for saatchi. michael kors wants to get into the european market and to challenge some bigger european brands like louis vuitton. versace isa brands like louis vuitton. versace is a good way to do that. however if you look at social media, some of the initial reaction to this news was really pretty vicious. people acquainted michael kors with cheap fabric for soccer mums or calling him one of the tackiest men around. reaction was pretty harsh on social media but a lot of that has to do with michael kors having to real brands. it has its high—end luxury brands. it has its high—end luxury brand and it's more accessible bran which people really know it for. we have been talking that instagram when facebook bought them initially they let instagram continue
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u naffected. they let instagram continue unaffected. no getting involved at all. what is michael kors sang about how it will run a versace? in this insta nce how it will run a versace? in this instance donatella versace will still be at the creative helm. in terms of the look of versace there will not be much of a difference. but what michael kors and his company but what michael kors and his com pa ny wa nts to but what michael kors and his company wants to do is to offer more accessories, more shoes because that stuff sells faster and it is at a different kind of price point. they wa nt to different kind of price point. they want to build get more online shopping going for versace because really the growth market is going to be 18— really the growth market is going to be 18- 24 really the growth market is going to be 18— 24 euros and that is what versa ce be 18— 24 euros and that is what versace needs to tackle and that is what michael kors is bringing to that expertise to get to that market. ——18——year—olds. that expertise to get to that market. --18--year-olds. thank you. india is a signatory to the paris climate change agreement, which means 40% of its energy needs to come from clean sources by 2030. and solar power is cetnral to achieving that. yogita limaye reports.
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what used to be dry barren land is now covered with millions of solar panels. this is one of the biggest such parks in the world. several firms have set up plants here. this one belongs to a finnish company. the firm he tells me that he tells me that india... lu from india alone, 2500 gigawatts would be added. it is not large solarfirms. rooftop installations are also growing popular. these solar panels we re growing popular. these solar panels were set up about one year ago. the power the factory below. nearly 90%
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of the machines here work on the electricity generated from sunlight manno —— manufacture fertiliser bags. their power cost of gone down bya third. bags. their power cost of gone down by a third. while solar energy might be cheaper in the long—term it costs a lot of money to set up a power station. firms say they more support to make the switch. recently the government also announced that it plans to impose duties on imported solar panels. nearly 90% come from overseas. it could cost a shadow —— cast a shadow on a sector that wants companies to make large investments and take big risks. ina in a couple of minutes we will turn to what the labour party is saying about brexit. good evening. it's that time of day
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when we look at what the weather is up when we look at what the weather is up to elsewhere around the world. we have another island— setting in the pacific. i will come back to that because an america we have some severe thunderstorms. in the line of fire quite a large population. this massive cloud just sitting off the coast of the carolinas could bring rains through tuesday night into wednesday here as well. it is the combination of the warm moist air coming from the gulf of mexico and the cold arctic air coming down from the cold arctic air coming down from the north which will combine to give those severe thunderstorms i talked about along the southern states, the midwest, the ohio mississippi valley asa midwest, the ohio mississippi valley as a good tuesday and wednesday up into northeastern states. that's the best 24—48 hours here. as we had to north africa, we had flash flooding in tunisia phenomenal amounts of rain that fell here. and we still have that slow—moving weather system. again parts of tunisia and libya this time notjust intense and excessive rain but strong and gusty
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winds. it may affect the likes of greece, southern parts of italy and sicily. stormy weather here. we had flooding rains and remains of a cyclone in the northern states of india. that has cleared up but still repercussions and snow in the himalayas which could cause avalanches. ka nata himalayas which could cause avalanches. kanata kara will get wetter weather —— karnata ka avalanches. kanata kara will get wetter weather —— karnataka will get more wet weather. down to sri lanka as the monsoon tries to retreat, this massive cloud with the eye is the typhoon, the violet when i am for two earlier. it is slow—moving at the moment meaning it is not going anywhere quickly. but it is looking to bring rain into the southern parts of japan. looking to bring rain into the southern parts ofjapan. very looking to bring rain into the southern parts of japan. very wet for the next two days and this one, there is some uncertainty as to whether it is heading towards taiwan or curland whether it is heading towards taiwan or curl and had ignored these words into japan. either way it will bring some nasty weather. signs are
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towards japan. initially. back to you are now because we've got some really strong winds blowing across parts of scandinavia. high pressure across the uk is pushing those further. stormy weather here. warnings have for the wind and heavy rain and a potential snow in the mountains. further south across europe we've got some other violent weather. i've talked about what has been termed a bad storm, but also it is aligned as strong wind to blow and dipping temperatures across the croatian coastline. winds are up to 70 mph. still has summer heat hanging in iberia. and showers around and bringing them more thought. more on the uk weather in about half an hour. bye—bye. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is 0utside source. the us comedian bill cosby hasjust been sentenced from three to ten years for drugging and molesting a woman in 2004. the opposition labour party has
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voted of a possibility of a second referendum. president trump launched a scathing attack on global institutions. we reject the ideology of globalism and we embraced the doctrine of patriotism. we speak to the navy officer who found a 400—year old shipwreck off the coast of portugal. just a few hours ago the uk's opposition labour party conference voted in favour of a brexit motion that backs the possibility of a second referendum. that's only if the party rejects any deal that theresa may does with the eu — which it looks likely to do — or in the case
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of a no deal scenario. this is the motion that was being debated. just 22 words. it took six redrafts and more than five hours to write this. this is the phrase getting all the attention — "all options remaining on the table" — ie remaining in the eu could potentially end up back on a ballot paper. ahead of the vote, this was labour's shadow brexit minister. it is right that parliament has the first segment but we need to break the impasse, options must include campaigning fora the impasse, options must include campaigning for a public vote and nobody is willing to remain as an option. applause —— ruling out remain as an option. but not everyone is saying this —
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here's union chief steve turner. ifi if i do, we demand we go back to the people with a vote on the deal, and conference that is not a second referendum, despite what keir starmer may have said earlier, it is a public vote on the terms of our departure. the bbc‘s political editor laura kuenssberg has also been talking to labour's leader. she's been asking jeremy corbyn which way he'd vote if there was another referendum. if there were another referendum would you vote legal remain? we don't know what the question is going to be in the referendum, so that it's a hypothetical question. all hypothetical. as you say yourself. the party has been talking about this week, what to do... if
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there were another... i can answer that question because we don't know what the question is going to be. —— i cannot answer that question. earlier i spoke to our political correspondent rob watson — he's in liverpool for the labour party conference. why this is incredibly significant, what we have seen in liverpool, think about the three possible outcomes of brexit in the next few months, one, there is no deal, two, theresa may gets a deal and it is approved by parliament or three, she gets a deal but it is rejected by parliament and you can see why this is really significant. she doesn't have a majority in with the opposition party are saying is they can't really see any circumstances where it would vote for a deal. it is also saying that's it open to the idea of a second referendum. in other words, strip away all the divisions within side of the labour party, basically what this means is life looks a lot tougher for the government and theresa may. some would say that on one side we have sir keir starmer representing the affluent side
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of the labour party, on the other we have trade unions representing lower income members and supporters and this is a fundamental schism that is being once again highlighted. i'm tended to just say yes, you've got it spot on and leave it at that. it is absolutely true. we often talk about the divisions of the governing conservative party. but they exist in labour, too. you have part of it. the labour leadership underjeremy corbyn, he's a socialist, lifelong sceptic about the european union, some of those around him are, but a lot of the members and the young ones, the cosmopolitan ones think that leaving the eu is an absolute disaster. and the other thing to throw into the mix is the people who vote labour and about half voted to leave, maybe northern working—class voters but two thirds of that vote,
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probably a growing number, voted to remain, sojust let the conservatives, labour have a juggling act with brexit and in many ways, what you could say is that itjust shows you the kind of chaos and turmoil and division that brexit has brought on all uk politics. theresa may is currently in new york for the un general assembly. a short time ago she spoke to my colleague ben wright. 0n the issue of a second referendum, parliament voted to give people the choice as to whether to leave the eu. people chose. i believe that people should be able to trust their politicians to deliver on that vote and not go back and say, you might have got it wrong, have another go. no. no second referendum. the people voted. we will deliver on that vote. more background on the website if you like. archaeologists have found a 400—year old shipwreck off the coast of portugal.
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it's close to the city of cush—cash near to lisbon — and it's being called the ‘discovery of a decade'. the wreck is in the mouth of the tay—gus river. that's not a surprise. the port was the hub for portugal's spice trade with india 16th and 17th centuries. that meant heavy traffic — and a lot of wrecks. certainly in this case, it's though that the ship was returning from india when it sank. and this is what the divers have found. cannons engraved with portugal's coat of arms. the anchor — note that it's very well preserved because it's been 12 metres below the surface. and then there are these chinese ceramics. augusto salgado is a maritime historian and archaeologist. he found the wreck. he's in lisbon. thank you forjoining us. congratulations on finding this. thank you. tell me why you did a looking forward in this area. -- you
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started looking for in this area. with the university, we did a survey on the area and keeping watch on other areas close by. much more ships but they are there and we are moderate—income. it was during one of those monitoring guys that we came across this beautiful fine. —— moderate—income. came across this beautiful fine. —— moderate-income. tell us that rarest of being down there and discovering it for the first time. -- tell us the experience of being down. it is something you can only imagine. i have been diving for over 30 years. we have found small stuff, small rex, i was on excavation of another side of the river, this one, i was one of the guys that founded and it
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is an amazing feeling. something that we scream underwater. when i went to the surface to get the position, i was screaming and the quys position, i was screaming and the guys on the boat said, ijust wanted to have a camera to them you, you screaming and yelling and everything because i was so happy. a great moment for you, but the story behind this book is very sad. it travelled for many many kilometres and then sank so close to his destination. the we know why it maybe didn't finish hisjourney? the we know why it maybe didn't finish his journey? we don't know. it is something we are starting to look for, we have some not that many ships sank their return from india and we said it is from india because it has pepper and egg has chinese porcelain, we do believe it is one of our ships returning from india, but would cannot confirm an identity or anything. at moment at least. ——
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we cannot confirm. it is something that happened before. the hinges of this can be easy but when the wind changes and currents, disasters like this occur. not many but we have had several records. 0n the other shipwreck we had, for the 20th century, and also i should prepare due to storm when entering lisbon. the something from the old time, evenin the something from the old time, even in 20th century, we have those kind of problems. congratulations again. perhaps we can talk again as you continue to explore. don't forget you can get much more detail on our top stories on our web site gfx there is full coverage on bbc.com/news. those of you on bbc world news, i will see you tomorrow. we will carry on on the bbc news channel. let's go to a big story in south africa now. this is the country's former president — thabo mbeki. and this is a leaked pamphlet widely believed to have been written by him — in which he criticises his own party, the governing anc —
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for turning into ‘a black party.‘ also in the pamphlet: "it is no longer a representative of the people of south africa." as the bbc‘s andrew harding notes tweet @andrewwjharding it's "an explosive, weighty and contribution to south africa's land expropriation debate." i spoke to andrew earlier. the allegations against his own party, the accusations against its as completely lost his way and is going down a path towards racial populism is a pretty biting critique from a man who is widely respected here still in south africa and has tended to shy away from getting to involved in the politics of the day, but clearly this land issue and the anc is heading something that really alarmed some from what we read in this pamphlet. i guess this plays into an issue
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we discussed before in the month that followed nelson mandela's death, the youngest south africans felt that mr mandela gave white south africans too easy a deal at the end of apartheid. it is a complex issue but yes, there are certain people here who feel that. it is hard to generalise on that of the land issue and with an increasingly polarised racial language here in politics it has come to the fore after 20 odd years in which the government has tried land reform and put a lot of money and time into it and yet it has very little to show for it. the land and farms that have been handed over to new black commercial farmers have by and large failed for lack of proper administrative support lack of real commitment from the government to create this new class of black farmers after the peasant class in the black
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farming class was basically destroyed by the apartheid system. so there is an almost frustration here, it is a very emotive issue and it is one that is increasingly being played on above all by radical opposition parties like the economic freedom fighters at a time when the anc is feeling increasingly insecure as its popularity starts to sink towards 15% or perhaps even lower. presumably, because of the electoral insecurity, it is quite unlikely that this message will be heard and acted on. there are a lot of people who suspect that this whole debate is really just politics, the constitution is never going to be reformed and that these are parties and politicians playing quite dangerous games, quite inflammatory games with this language and this emotive issue of land reform and that presumably when next year comes and the elections are won
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by the anc, somehow this issue will be pushed aside in the constitution will not be changed. but there is a real concern that even if the constitution is changed in a manner that people by and large support here, that it could open a door to what everybody here worries about, looking for the north to zimbabwe as the kind of spectacularly disaster in economic terms land reform that happened there, ten years ago, and they are desperate to ensure that does not happen here. i wonder, the international media tends to focus on the story when they flare in the fact that they perhaps a point to racial tensions, but on a more day—to—day level, is south african society becoming more racially tolerant effect and more racially diverse? i say yes. the polls suggest that most south africans are not concerned
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about race or about racism and they are not, they don't see land reform as a high priority, although i think many people do feel strongly about it, but there are more immediate concerns after a decade of economic slide and corruption and a real concern about what this country is heading, their real concerns are aboutjobs, and soaring unemployment here. so there is a fear that these issues are being manipulative, yes, to some extent by the media although i think the media reflects more what the political classes are talking about. sweden has lost its prime minister. stefan lofven lost a no—confidence vote in parliament that's connected to the election two weeks ago. it produced a hung parliament — mr lofven's party — here in red — is still the biggest — but that's not enough because the centre—left alliance that he's part of lost 15 seats. the far right party swedish democrats — in yellow — became the third biggest party.
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that meant that if they teamed up with the centre—right bloc light , the prime minister was in trouble. that proved attractive to centre—right leader ulf kristersson — he wants the topjob. translation: the alliance is obviously needed new political director and enhance a new government. with fault of another support, voters are showing the end of the sitting government. the alliance will lead sweden with convincing the difficult questions can be solved. —— and we are convinced that difficult questions. but — and this is a big but — kicking someone out in sweden is easier than forming a new government. if there are four unsuccessful attempts to do that — there will automatically be a new election — something which has never happened
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before in the country. it all hinges on the far right sweden democrats. here's their leader. translation: we will do everything in our power to protect the interests of our voters. we will do our utmost to stop any attempt to form a government, do everything to bring down every government which does not give us reasonable influence, in proportion to our electoral support. stefan lofven may be down, but he's not out, he'll stay on as caretaker pm until a replacement can be agreed, here's what he had to say about it all. translation: i want to continue to lead the country as prime minister. i want to lead a government that has brought support in the country's parliament and that allows us to leave to stalemate of bloc politics.
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if the alliance party chooses to try to cover in the small bloc, and they will be dependent on the swedish democrats. it will need the active support of the swedish democrats and all votes. we will keep you up to date. another manifestation of climate change — it's killing ancient moss beds in antarctica. moss is the only plant hardy enough to grow there — it can live for hundreds of years — and emerges briefly in the summer. australian scientists have been studying it in east antartica and have observed a marked deterioration. that's particularly of note because while west antarctica is one of the fastest warming places on the planet, the east has not shown such shifts. i spoke to victoria gill about all this — and asked her why climate change isn't actually helping the moss by making the environment warmer. it gets even more confusing than that because, actually, of climate change and depletion
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in the ozone hole, it is still there, it is getting colder. where this huge continent is sort of split into two, west antarctic and the antarctic peninsula, that bit that points right to argentina is one of the fastest warming places on the planet. east antarctica is experiencing this strange effect of climate change where the jet streams being pulled south and these cold winds are getting stronger, so it is getting colder, which is connected with man—made climate change, it is also getting drier. now, what is happening to these mosses is that they floruish for a very short period of time in the summer, and very particular conditions that they have adapted to. they have been growing there for hundreds of years. the scientists have dated these mosses, they have been there for centuries. what is happening is they don't have these puddles of water they keep them irrigated and green and lush during that very brief growing period.
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so they are becoming desiccated, they saw over this ten, 13 year period that they went from green to red as they produce these antioxidant compounds to try and protect themselves and drying out to grey, as they did. so, the climate there is just changing too quickly for even the heartiest plants on the planets to survive. and is that pointing us towards broader changes in the uk system in this part of antarctica? yes, exactly that. so this is almost the easiest place in a very difficult place to study. it is moss beds on the coast near casey station, which is the australian research division station, perched on a coast on east antarctica. still a very difficult place to get to and work. but they essentially, the team saw these lush moss beds thriving for the short period of time and thought we should start looking at these to see vegetation changes, the first visible signal of what climate change is doing to an ecosystem. so these little plants, they only grow to a maximum of 14 cm long, even over centuries
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of growth, the kind and become the first article that even east antarctica, while we got was a very cold and was maybe protected from the affects of climate change, that is not the case. this is the first signal that actually vegetation is there and it is changing, so the whole ecosystem is shipping. presumably across the west antarctica, the consequences of climate change are more visible and easier to measure. yes and have been measured for a long greater time. changes in vegetation, changes to one of the consent of climate change, penguin colonies, they thrive on these coastal rocky areas and form these rookeries, and there is changes there, population shifts and some declines in particular species, that has been very visible for a number of decades but this is the first sign of a change to an ecosystem in east antarctica, which has been driven to colder temperatures by climate change. these ancient forests they call them, tiny plants but they are really the only plants that survive in the frozen desert, they are the old forests
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of antarctica and they are finally succumbing to the effects of climate change. quickly, what do they do in the months when we cannot see them? do they live very low? yes, exactly that. they sit dormant under the ice that doesn't kill them. they can be dormant for a very long greater time, for whole that antarctic year. it goes to show that they have adapted to this incredible lifecycle where they only get a growth spurt ofjust six weeks of the sunshine and sit in these icy pools, but they can't cope with the speed at which we are changing the climate. now for something you don't see everyday. a whale in the river thames, just outside london. it's thought to be a beluga whale. they are normally found in the high arctic. it was spotted in the thames' estuary biv near gravesend estuary near gravesend in kent this afternoon. let me show you on google maps the precise location — you can see london there and on the other side
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the mouth of the estuary. conservationists say the whale is move thousands of miles away from where it should be and may well be lost and in trouble. simonjones is on the shores of the thames. a lot of people still here this evening, hoping for a glimpse of the well and they haven't been disappointed. it is currently in that stretch of water behind me there that vote. last seen around ten minutes ago, the poor of london authority are out there to and concern the well hasn't really been moving from this area and is actually not heading out to sea but actually not heading out to sea but a lot of people here still watching hopefully not getting and their way of saying the well. us talk to you. what have you seen? ablett legault well today i saw. my first ever well. i was really pleased to see it. -- a well. i was really pleased to see it. —— a beluga well. i came down from school. not something you expected to see? deftly not an attempt. you expect to see this in
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the arctic but not... it is that you recite. he have your binoculars. take a look. what about you? this really interesting. the privilege. to see a creature like this, so near the home, this is a quite far—away home creature. the home, this is a quite far—away home creature . some the home, this is a quite far—away home creature. some concern the home, this is a quite far—away home creature. some concern that it isa home creature. some concern that it is a long way from home. it is a slight concern, but assumed to be feeding most of the afternoon, pretty actively. it has disappeared the last 20 minutes. we will wait to see what happens in the morning. the last 20 minutes. we will wait to see what happens in the morninglj think the people will be here on the shoreline writers of the sun goes down. plenty of people waiting for another sighting but fingers crossed the well will be ok. back to the us. he has been backed up in a speech in the last hour or so by a secretary of state mike pompeo. this clip just a man. iwas of state mike pompeo. this clip just a man. i was disturbed in indeed deeply disappointed ever many
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parties of them announced at setting up parties of them announced at setting upa parties of them announced at setting up a payment system to bypass us sanctions. this is one of the most counterproductive measures imaginable, for regional and global peace and security. by sustaining reve nu es to peace and security. by sustaining revenues to the regime, you are solidifying iran's's ranking as the number one state sponsor of terrorism and enabling them violent exports of revolution. and making the regime even richer while the iranian people scrape by i imagined the corrupt ayatollah and higher gc we re the corrupt ayatollah and higher gc were laughing this morning. two—way process. the iranians have been equally scathing today. more on that tomorrow. see you then. i love there. temperatures will be up i love there. temperatures will be up and down a little bit over the next ten days. there are various reasons for that but one factor particularly at night. cloud cover. during tuesday,
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seven areas have the best of the sunshine for the northwest and a breeze. outbreaks of rain. with those clear skies in the south and cloudy ones further north we start wednesday morning with a real divider and split in temperatures, double digits of the north, well it is in the business in the south but where we have been chilly start the south, will have the best of the sunshine. a bit more cloud for northwest and northern ireland. with some outbreaks of rain, quite when in the north but with a shelter from the westerly wind crosta used. we will see some sunshine and perhaps a 21 degrees. a mid to low 20s as well. going through wednesday night, well. going through wednesday night, we will continue to see rain across northwestern parts of scotland, for the will be relatively clear, it will be fairly chilly, not as chilly as the last few nights, we could see fog patch and seven areas. but again it is the southern parts that will see the best and the best of the
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work. —— seven areas. in the northwest, a much fresher behind this patch of rain which will be syncing is way further east. during thursday night, that ban of cloud and frontal system will continue to sink southeast and that means for all of us on friday, we import some cooler air from the northwest. whereas thursday might bring temperatures in the southeast around 2030 groups by friday you can forget about that, there will be a fair amount of sunshine and patchy cloud, up amount of sunshine and patchy cloud, up to the northwest but these are the top temperatures you can expect. then we going to the weekend. i looks like high pressure will be calling the shots. and the west of the uk, frontal systems close to northern areas. we could see extra cloud and maybe the odd spot of rain. more of a breeze across northern scotland. elsewhere dispels and sunshine but still in that cool air, 14 to 17 degrees and where we
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see the clear skies by night, we'll have some chilly nights. perhaps a touch of frost to start sunday morning maybe the odd fog patch and a decent looking day. high pressure in charge but with a high setting out with the winds coming around from the northwest it is never going to feel that warm. this is the big picture to the start of next week. but the jet stream will be doing. moving across the atlantic bening and northward and the high pressure areas that existed in the south of thejet, areas that existed in the south of the jet, love pressure areas that existed in the south of thejet, love pressure whenever the jet dips this way southwards. and maybe that heading into the start of the new week, this piece of the jet strea m the new week, this piece of the jet stream will did a long way south and i could just introduce some showery rain across eastern areas. “— i could just introduce some showery rain across eastern areas. —— will dipa long rain across eastern areas. —— will dip a long way. will keep high—pressure shock of the jet. that is building his way back again heading on through next week. with the high still centred just out west, looks most likely it will
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bring cooler air down across the country. what that means for next week is we will see cool days and this guy stayed clear, chilly nights, generally dry with plenty of sunshine, some mist and fog patches to the morning. temperatures up and down a little bit, to the week ahead. —— through the week ahead. tonight at ten, labour says it will reject theresa may's proposals for brexit when those plans are put before mps. jeremy corbyn tells the bbc that the deal will not meet labour's key tests on protecting jobs and prosperity, and parliament could well reject the plans. the government will then have to go back to the eu and say, "look, our parliament can't agree to this. these are the parameters that parliament wants us to negotiate on." and go back and do that. and the labour conference in liverpool voted overwhelmingly in favour of a motion to keep open the option of another eu referendum. but the prime minister has again firmly ruled out any prospect of a second referendum we'll have the latest. also tonight...
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at the un in new york, president trump launches a ferocious attack on iran, accusing it of sowing "chaos, death and destruction".
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