Skip to main content

tv   Outside Source  BBC News  September 26, 2018 9:00pm-10:00pm BST

9:00 pm
hello, i'm ros atkins. welcome to outside source. one of the men accused of the salisbury nerve agent attack has been identified by an investigative website as a colonel from russian intelligence. lawyers in the united states are reviewing a third claim of sexual assault against the supreme court nominee, brett kavanaugh. he's called it ridiculous. donald trump made his debut as chair of the un security council earlier and took the chance to aim at iran. the regime is the world's leading sponsor of terror and fuels conflict across the region and far beyond. a regime with this track record must never be allowed to possess a nuclear weapon. and british scientists have found that allied bombing during two was so that allied bombing during two was so powerful, it weakened the earth's atmosphere. —— during world war ii. i want to start this
9:01 pm
edition of outside source by showing you this tweet from the investigative website bellingcat. it reads... they say they have clear evidence that a russian intelligence officer was involved in the salisbury attack. we already know this man had been to salisbury — he's said so himself — but bellingcat says his real name is colonel anatoliy chepiga. and this is a picture from earlier in his life. on russian television earlier this month, the man claimed he was a sports nutritionist who was in england on holiday. gordon corera has more. ruslan boshirov — that's who this man said he was when he came to the uk in march of this year claiming to be a tourist. but this is who he's believed to really be. this is a 2003 picture of anatoliy chepiga, a colonel
9:02 pm
in russian military intelligence. that picture of anatoliy chepiga is from a 2003 passport file. it was obtained, along with other material, by the investigative group bellingcat. british officials say they won't comment on an ongoing investigation, although the bbc understands there is no dispute about this identification. so what do we know about anatoliy chepiga 7 the passport application says he was born in 1978 and links him to the russian military. he's thought to have served in chechnya and was awarded the country's highest decoration, hero of the russian federation, usually bestowed personally by president putin. at some point, it's believed he joined russian military intelligence, the gru, and rose to be a colonel, also adopting the identity of ruslan boshirov. using that name, he and another man — calling himself alexander petrov —
9:03 pm
flew to britain on march 2nd this year. on march 4th, cctv captured them in salisbury, heading in the direction of sergei skripal‘s house. police believe this perfume bottle was used to smear novichok nerve agent on his door handle. that led to skripal and his daughter falling ill and, three months later, to dawn sturgess dying after the perfume bottle was found. two weeks ago, they appeared on state—funded russian tv, denying they were spies. now with boshirov apparently identified, the evidence that the attempt in salisbury on sergei skripal‘s life was an authorised russian intelligence operation is growing. gordon corera, bbc news. bellingcat broke this story. it's also carried
9:04 pm
stories that the mens‘ flights to salisbury were only booked the night before, casting doubt on their story that they'd been planning to visit salibury for a while. there were also claims that the men were given passports along with their names in 2009, and that there is no record of them before then. and then, this photo. here's gordon with more on that. pictures, it has to be set, match very closely, as well as other information. and this individual, anatoliy chepiga, is a member of the russian military — highly decorated, a colonel — who it looks like was also a member of the russian military intelligence service, gru. british officials will not confirm these details, because they say it's an ongoing investigation, but the bbc understands that there is no real dispute about this identification of one of those two men.
9:05 pm
it's worth saying that, actually, there's been some material about the other individual, alexander petrov — at least that's the name he used — suggesting that he made extensive travels over the last two years around europe, for instance. and it's not entirely clear what that was about. now we should say that these two men did appear on russian tv two weeks ago, on september 13. they said that ruslan boshirov and alexander petrov were their true names. they said that they were in salisbury in march of this year on tourism. they wanted to see the 123—metre spire of salisbury cathedral and some other sites in the town. they have always denied that they were intelligence officers, but now, i expect there will be more digging around some of these identities, as the evidence at least seems to point increasingly to them being russian intelligence officers. thanks to gordon. next, to new york. more sharp rhetoric from donald trump on iran. he says any country or business which fails to comply with us sanctions on iran will face severe consequences.
9:06 pm
the president was in the security council. he was chairing today for the first time. he used that chance to push the iran message further. the iranian regime exports violence, terror and turmoil. it illicitly procures sensitive items to advance its ballistic missile programme and proliferates these missiles all across the middle east. the regime is the world's leading sponsor of terror and fuels conflict across the region and far beyond. no surprise, other countries in the security council didn't line up with mr trump. remember, the us is out of the iran nuclear deal, but its other signatories still want to make it work. let's hearfrom president macron of france. translation: all of us here have the same objective in mind,
9:07 pm
to prevent iran from obtaining nuclear weapons and to guarantee strict international control on the peaceful use of its nuclear programme. the jcop agreement is not perfect, but it's a decisive step in that direction. this serious crisis of confidence was caused by the reimposition of sanctions by the united states. despite that, tehran continues to abide by its nuclear obligations. iran is not currently a member of the security council, so it wasn't represented. but the support it received inside the council was later noted by president rouhani. translation: today in the un security council, it became clear that america is alone. all the countries that spoke in the un security council supported the jcpoa. this doesn't mean that today, we are not experiencing the pressures that the united states is exerting on nations, but always, the iranian government has been in positions that are much tougher with its unity, and with its
9:08 pm
positions and with its resistance has been able to surpass such difficulties in the past, just as it will do so today. let's get some reaction from the united nations. i spoke to two of our correspondents there — barbara plett usher and bbc persian‘s bahman kalbasi. i started by asking bahman about the impact the us pressure is having in iran. people in iran are feeling it every day. the crash of the currency is not just the mismanagement day. the crash of the currency is notjust the mismanagement of the economy by the iranian government, it isa economy by the iranian government, it is a major factor in economy by the iranian government, it is a majorfactor in it, the fact that capital flights have been enormous and fear of these sanctions coming on. the iranian people, middle class, lower classes, are certainly under pressure because of these sanctions, and things are probably going to get a lot worse before there is a change again. the
9:09 pm
reality is any president of iran at this point has to acknowledge these sanctions have an impact on the lives of iranians, but so far, we haven't seen any impact on the behaviour of the iranian government as the us government was hoping or is hoping it will achieve. the reality is he is walking away from this three—day trip, going back to iran and saying, "i managed to show the world that the one that has violated the deal, that is the rogue state can is the united states, not iran, because everybody else acknowledges that this deal is important and should stay on," and points to the iea's verification of iran. everybody in that counsel pointed that fact out and that is a political victory in a diplomatic victory, but the reality is despite whatever happens here, the power of us economic sanctions has a
9:10 pm
real—life consequences for many millions of iranians who are hoping things will get better and with the election of donald trump, it's all going backwards again. thank you very much indeed. barbara, let me ask you, do you think the americans we re ask you, do you think the americans were into this un general assembly with the expectation they could persuade others to walk away from the nuclear deal? i don't know that they were expecting a concrete result in terms of that but they definitely wanted to try to change the narrative away from the nuclear deal and towards iran's behaviour, its missile production, its support for proxies and the region in yemen and syria and wanted to try to highlight that and also to get some supports around that, and initially, theirclaim to do supports around that, and initially, their claim to do that in a very strong way by making the un security council meeting all about iran but i think administration officials decided that would not be a good idea, not only because iran rumbles of entombed —— would need to then be
9:11 pm
invited but then the issue would just be focused on mr trump. in this way, with other topics, he can be praise for his initiative in north korea and he could be, there were also asked nations against russia for supporting chemical weapons attacks —— for supporting chemical weapons attacks — — there for supporting chemical weapons attacks —— there were also accusations against russia. it diluted somewhat but i cannot imagine they did not think they would get this kind of response from the security council. and we agreed to speak to barbara in a moment. president trump didn't stop at iran. he also took aim at china during the meeting, accusing it of trying to influence the upcoming midterm elections. china denies this. its foreign minister told the council... i want to play this clip. and note the shrug as president trump makes the accusation. regrettably, we found that china has been attempting to interfere in our upcoming 2018 election. coming up in
9:12 pm
november. against my administration. they do not want me or us to win, because i am the first president ever to challenge china on trade. and we are winning on trade. we are winning at every level. it was a small shrug but definitely a shrug. let's get some reaction on that from barbara. the chinese did not look very impressed with that. did mr trump offer any evidence at all they are interfering in the midterms? he did not give any details and it was a quite unexpected charger, then this council meeting. kieffer away to level the charge against china but as you said, it was a little frog andi as you said, it was a little frog and i think it was not entirely unexpected in general that this kind of charge might be coming at some
9:13 pm
point, because even in the past when president trump has talked about russian electing the next —— russian election meddling, he has said things like "what about china?" in recent weeks, administration officials have talked about china when the document countries that i would be trying to interfere in the elections. the thing to note is a tweet that mr trump put out today. it's a photograph of the newspaper article in a local newspaper in iowa. it is chinese propaganda. they painted it here and this is a state that supported trump. this is very much about the current state of relations between the two countries and the trade dispute, whether or not the chinese are trying to influence the election, that this is the one way that this kind of trade war is coming out. i don't want to over analyse this but yesterday, we had president trump being laughed at during his serious moment in his
9:14 pm
speech. here we have been accusing the chinese of meddling in elections and the chinese representative shrugs into short of "here he goes again" sort of way. is there some sense some in the un general assembly are not taking him seriously? i think that's difficult to say. they know what kind of person he is. they know that he has a sort of theatrical way of speaking. they know he can exaggerate. they know that he can level charges without back—up. they know he can behave in a very diplomatic way —— very undiplomatic way. and you are unhappy at all with his policies, so it's probably not inconceivable that they take him less seriously bishop shouldn't it did last year, but having said that, there is some real concern about decisions that he has made among some of the un members and where
9:15 pm
that might be leading things in terms of an overall global trend. barbara, thanks very much. a blustery afternoon in new york. we look to turn back to the un security council in the week. in a minute on outside source, we must turn to the american federal reserve. it's raised interest rates again. we will be light at the fed with kim gittleson to find out about the decision. the names of the alleged suspects who carried out the birmingham pub bombings in 1974 will not be part of the new inquests into the victims‘ deaths. our midlands correspondent, sima kotecha, has more details. 44 years ago, two bombs exploded here in birmingham city centre, killing 21 people. now, an inquest into what happened has been scheduled. today, at the court of appeal, the coroner sided with the head of the appeal, saying that the issue
9:16 pm
of perpetrators should not be included in the scope. the coroner has always said it's not hisjob to point the finger of blame, while the families have always said that this inquest gives them an opportunity to find out who killed their loved ones and why. so today, bad news for the families in this long—running courtroom saga, and perhaps good news for the judiciary system, because they could be a step closer to getting these inquests under way — if the families decide not to appeal. they've got till friday to make a decision. outside source live from the bbc newsroom. one of the men accused of the salisbury nerve agent attack has been identified by an investigative website as a colonel from russian intelligence. let's quickly turn to some of the other main stories we're covering here. the charity m decins sans fronti res has raised the alarm about the number of children under five dying in southern niger.
9:17 pm
it says mortality rates there — in an area close to the border with nigeria — are the worst it has ever seen, with ten children dying every day — most from complications of malaria or malnutrition. that's from bbc afrique. and this is getting a lot of attention online. a billboard bearing the google definition of the word "woman" has been removed from a building in liverpool after it was accused of being discriminatory against transgender people. a woman paid £700 to display the words "woman — noun, adult human female". it was removed after an lgbt activist complained. the leaders of britain's two major parties both gave important speeches today, and they presented quite different visions of the country's future. we will hear from the prime minister ina we will hear from the prime minister in a moment. first, here's the leader of the opposition, jeremy corbyn, speaking at the labour party conference. ten yea rs
9:18 pm
ten years ago this month, the whole "greed is good..." came crashing down to earth. devastating consequences. but instead, of making essential changes to a broken economic system, the political establishment strain every sin you to bail out the system that led to the crash in the first place. the price of that has notjust been stagnation, wages falling for the longest period in recorded history and almost a decade of deeply damaging cuts to public services, it also fuelled a growth of racism and xenophobia and has led to a crisis in democracy both at home and abroad. that was the speech at liverpool. meanwhile in new york, theresa may was at the united nations general assembly. she addressed the idea of what
9:19 pm
britain will become after brexit. crucially, we also have a plan to deliver an economy that is highly rich, highly qualified, but with no tax and little regulation. let me say this very clearly. whatever your business investing in a post brexit britain, whatever your business, investing in a post brexit britain will give you the lowest rate of corporation tax in the 620. you will access service industries and the financial centre in london that are the envy of the world, some of the best universities in the world, strong institutions, a sound approach to public finance and a consistent and dependable approach to high standards but intelligent regulation. the sun — which is pro—brexit — called this "theresa may's global sales pitch to slash taxes to lowest rate in 620 and make
9:20 pm
britain economic powerhouse of opportunity after brexit." not quite the snappy headlines for which the sun is known but i think the best search engines in mind. sebastian payne from the financial times says... that's because it's the conservative party conference following on next week. but speak to jonathan blake live with dust from whence mr. the people are coming to this. —— from westminster. i think if you needed a reminder ofjust how far westminster. i think if you needed a reminder of just how far apart the two main parties in british politics are nowadays, you have that today. jeremy corbyn‘s conference speech building on the party manifesto which they fought the last general election campaign on last year, and really going further, talking about
9:21 pm
re—nationalizing industries, not just the water and rail industries but the mail and energy companies as well, putting those back under government control, giving free childcare as a universal benefits across england and putting workers on the company boards and forcing major companies to allow workers to ta ke major companies to allow workers to take on shares in that company as pa rt take on shares in that company as part of their salary packages. enter your theresa may talking from a very different point of view where is jeremy corbyn the labour leader had criticised the business and talked about the greek first, greed is good system of capitalism and government which he says has failed this country over the last ten years. theresa may talking in very different terms, repeating a line that she has used in a speech before, saying that capitalism is the greatest agents of human progress and that britain would be unashamedly and unequivocally pro—business. and just one policy is
9:22 pm
able to set the conservatives in stark contrast to labour would be the cutting of corporation tax in the cutting of corporation tax in the which would be the lowest country in the g20. the which would be the lowest country in the 620. it was not hard to find journalist supported of the conservatives sounding worried, saying take jeremy conservatives sounding worried, saying takejeremy corbyn seriously. the speech got a good reception in the hall, as you would expect from the hall, as you would expect from the labour party faithful, but jeremy corbyn‘s challenge obviously is to carry that enthusiasm that his party members have out to the electorate as a whole. and we saw a lot of the policies that he was talking about today in the last general election campaign win support among the general public. later of course did not win the election but they did make gains and they did manage to cut the conservative majority of the theresa may, which is why her government is having great difficulty in pushing any policy through at the moment. it
9:23 pm
was very much labour's intention and jeremy corbyn‘s intention today to read himself as a prime in a certain way to a party as a government in waiting but it will have to be outside the conference hall and across the country as a whole that he wins support to make sure that happens. thank you very much, jonathan also appreciated. that's jonathan also appreciated. that's jonathan blake light for us in westminster. lots of tweets coming in here. the federal reserve... reuters here reporting... there is no better person to ask about this. kim gittleson is live. i feel like we've had this chat a few times. tell us why the fed is raising rates once again . . sure. one of my favourite topics... the reason it is raising
9:24 pm
rates is the economy is doing well. it wants to normalise undeterred policy. what does that mean? before the financial crisis, interest rates we re the financial crisis, interest rates were kept at a range usually between two and 4% and the fed has been slowly but surely trying to increase interest rates here in the us so that it can get back to that period of normalcy so that if and when another financial crisis happens, it has some wiggle room. it can lower interest rates to try and stimulate economic activity is there is a downturn. we are widely expecting this rate increase. not surprise markets and as you mentioned, the central bank says it plans to address —— plans to increase them once more and again in 2019. what are their options? that is a lot of something we asked the chair, jerome powell, and he said there is no perfect interest rate. there is not a set target there trying to reach. obviously economic conditions set
9:25 pm
what kind of target these will be in the united states but he did suggest they will continue to increase interest rates at least for the next year or so has the us economy continues to strengthen. i've only got 20 seconds but is this controversial? does anyone argue this isn't the way to go about it? one person. president donald trump. he is not happy with these interest rate increases because it strips in the us dollar and that hurts american exports but it come to the broad consensus among us economist, this is the best path forward for them. thanks for that. kim giving us them. thanks for that. kim giving us the lowdown. lots more businesses on the lowdown. lots more businesses on the bbc app. i will be back with you the bbc app. i will be back with you the second half of outside source and a couple minutes' time. good evening. it's that time in that
9:26 pm
it could take a look at the weather elsewhere around the world. we've got a big typhoon to games sitting in the pacific. i would like to start across in canada and the usa where he an big storms and severe thunderstorms, the warnings are still out across some parts of the appalachians in eastern canada and the reason. we got this cold air coming down from the canadian arctic and still the warm air left over the gulf of mexico. where the two meet, that's where the are seeing these intense downpours. you can see gradually through the night, they are pushing further eastwards and as are pushing further eastwards and as ato are pushing further eastwards and as a to thursday, there are so many around and unfortunately, more rain to come across the carolinas. it's not great news, and to the north of that, temperatures dip away quite rapidly and we will see a real wintry feel across the north. as we had to india, the weekend brought re m na nts of had to india, the weekend brought remnants of a cyclone across northern states which has inundated the area with reigns, flash flooding
9:27 pm
on all the —— and although the rain is finished, there is still the potential for flash flooding here. potential for flooding potential for flash flooding here. potentialforflooding here. this is the typhoon i referred to. it's a slow—moving system. it's a strong typhoon and it is expected over the coming few days to brush close by taiyuan, had across the southern japanese island and make its way towards japan itself, possibly korea. this is a really very wet speu korea. this is a really very wet spell of weather. as it will be across the central mediterranean. the ionian sea. this is what is being called... formed because of the warmth of the mediterranean with these strong gusty winds for greece anyway. low—pressure become quite for us as an able get a lot of rain,
9:28 pm
very gusty. we need to firm up on the details but it could cause some really nasty conditions of flash flooding. to the north, it's more like on him. but that is waterfront —— and in off the atlantic to give you wet and windy weather. that's what we've seen for the northern side of the uk as well. and these weather systems are going to be feeling autumnal. in between, this high—pressure system of fine enjoy whether, chilly by night with frost and fog, but really quite warm by date, almost summerlike. we are keeping an eye on the mediterranean. more uk weather in half an hour. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. one of the men accused of the salisbury nerve agent attack has been identified by an investigative website as a colonel from russian intelligence. lawyers in the united states
9:29 pm
are reviewing a third claim of sexual assault against the supreme court nominee, brett kavanaugh. he has called it ridiculous. we have a rare report from inside libya on migrants who've failed to cross the sea to europe, and are giving up and heading home. if you want to get in touch on any of the stories we're covering, the hashtag is #bbcos. more now on brett kavanaugh, donald trump's pick for the us supreme court vacancy. he's been accused of sexual misconduct by two women, and tomorrow he's due at a major hearing with one of them. butjust a few hours ago, a third accusation was made, over twitter, by the lawyer michael
9:30 pm
avenatti. "here is a picture of my clientjulie swetnick. she is courageous, brave and honest." he also tweeted out a sworn declaration from her, in which she makes serious allegations against mr kavanaugh. bearin bear in mind if she says something here that is not true, she could be found guilty of perjury. mr kavanaugh has already responded to these claims through the white house, saying, this is ridiculous and from the twilight zone. i don t know who this is and this never happened. here's anthony zurcher with more detail on what those allegations involved. again, these accusations go back to mr cavanaugh's conduct in high school in the early 1980s, along with his friends who attended the same private high school. what she is outlining is a pattern of conduct on the part of mr kavanaugh and his friends, as far as alcohol fuelled parties,
9:31 pm
poor behaviour towards women, and sexual assault in particular. she says she was sexually assaulted, though she does not identify mr kavanaugh as one of these assailants. but i think this is another voice coming out with yet another allegation in addition to the other two, which stated in his college time, the other was also in high school, that the judiciary committee are currently reviewing, saying they're investigating it, although tomorrow, this high—profile hearing will only involve the first allegation by christine blase ford. is the judiciary committee obliged to investigate any allegation that's made? they don't have to, obviously democrats are calling for an fbi investigation above and beyond with the judiciary committee is doing. it is in the interest of the judiciary committee to appear to be giving some sort of attention paid to these allegations and taking
9:32 pm
consideration of that. you see that from chuck grassley, chair of the committee, he says he is following proper procedures and norms and looking into it. if theyjust straight—up ignored it, that would be politically untenable because of how narrowly divided the senate is. the have to hold all of the republicans in sort of kavanaugh's nomination. if they lose two of them, then he is sunk. even if they losejeff flake, a key member of the judiciary committee, if he votes against kavanaugh, then the nomination would fail in the committee, and jeff flake just took to the floor of the senate earlier today and said that this is an example of a politically toxic culture, and all the women have to be heard. don't go anywhere, it's worth seeing michael avenatti, he is known because he represents stormy daniels, the poor actress who alleged she had an affair with donald trump, but we know was given money by donald trump's former lawyer, michael cohen.
9:33 pm
now mr trump has defended brett kavanaugh throughout this saga, but he did say today that... anthony, briefly if you would, this is donald trump putting his chips in them quite a significant way with mr kavanaugh? exactly. two things to note, this is the first time donald trump has referenced michael avenatti at all, despite all the work that he has done attacking donald trump and supporting stormy daniels, the adult film star who alleged she had an affair with donald trump and was paid by donald trump to keep her silent. and what donald trump right there is doing, he is drawing a direct line between those allegations, the sexual harassment and misconduct allegations against him, and brett kavanaugh and the allegations against him. he is putting all of his chips in,
9:34 pm
saying these are exactly the same kind of things, both of them are unfounded allegations. it will be very difficult for him to back down at this point, given the way he is framing this debate. full coverage tomorrow of that judiciary hearing. the bombs dropped by allied forces during world war two were so powerful they were felt in space. we already knew the allied bombing campaign in europe was relentless, as this news clip from 1943 shows. if anyone held any doubts as to what the allied offensive is doing to the enemy across the channel, these pictures surely supply the answer. of course, the blitz, the bombing of london by the germans, was similarly brutal. this interactive map shows the number of bombs dropped on the city between 1940—1941.
9:35 pm
this was the push—back, this map from the imperial war museum shows the scale of the uk and us forces attacking europe in 19114. now this new research suggests that those allied bombs were so large they weakened the ea rth's upper atmosphere. i've been speaking to our reporter laura foster about the research. they were absolutely astonished by what they found. and the thing with history, everybody knows about the destruction that was caused in europe by the air raids. but they weren't expecting that the shock waves would be so strong, not only did they travel from mainland europe over to the uk, but they also went up 1,000 km out into the air, be experienced right at the edge of space. and actually at that brief moment, they actually weakened this layer of the atmosphere called the ionosphere.
9:36 pm
only temporarily, mind, but that was something they thought they would never find. when you say it was weakened, what does that actually mean? it's to do with the concentration of electrons in that layer of the atmosphere, and what they found was the shock waves caused such an effect that the concentration dropped. so it weakened but only temporarily, it has long since recovered. but it is interesting that such effects here on the ground on earth can have such an effect right at the edge of our atmosphere where it meets space. so we have just learned not only about the power of these bonds, but what is happening on the edge of our atmosphere? yes, it is a wonderful mixture of history and science going forward. so what they are now going to look at is more about volcanoes, when they erupt, lightning strikes, earthquakes, how those kinds of forces can disrupt the ionosphere. and you might be thinking, "why should i care about this"? it's actually home to so much
9:37 pm
technology that we rely upon. gps, satellites, radio communications, forecasting the weather, and such. when things disrupt it, that can disrupt the technology we've come to rely on more and more, so it is important to find out more about how things on can affect that, and in turn affect our lives. presumably there have been many hundreds of moments when something strong enough to be felt that far away had happened, because these few bombs, there have been many other bombs in the past? yes, but the ones used in world war ii were particularly strong, the ones used by the allied forces, that is why they focus on this data, because it is something that cannot really be reproduced at any given point. but no doubt, there will have been other similar experiences, maybe not to the same degree. but i'm sure that something the scientists from the university of reading will be perusing through all this data for. i'm hearing from downing street that
9:38 pm
theresa may and donald trump have a p pa re ntly theresa may and donald trump have apparently been in new york, agreeing that brexit offers a new opportunity for a new wide—ranging trade deal. no more details than that, but positive noises coming from downing street. don't forget you can get much more detail on our top stories on our web site. there is full coverage on the bbc is the only international news organisation to have gained access to libya during the escalation of fighting this month. one of the many pressing issues there is the thousands of african migrants who come to libya to then take boats across the mediterranean. and the libyan coastguard has told my colleague clive myrie how it wants european rescue ships to stay away from its coast, arguing that they encourage people to make the journey. here's clive's report from tripoli. libya is a land of disappointments, and these people are feeling particularly hard done by.
9:39 pm
these are the migrants you don't often hear about, they've given up on trying to reach europe and are heading back home to nigeria. some couldn't find the money to pay smugglers, others were rescued by the libyans from the mediterranean when their boats capsized. all have now had enough. their babies, bags and dreams in tow. we came across this group of young men. among them, a medical technician, a pharmacist and college graduates. they didn't want to be identified, and didn't want to blame the libyans for their misfortune. africans, we nigerians are more encouraged to go to europe because their families are suffering. they don't have jobs. we are no longer happy. something should be done in nigeria. we are dying! we have no future in nigeria! we are crying! we are broken! the pull of europe and the push
9:40 pm
of poverty are powerful forces. but the prospects of migrants reaching italy or greece have now diminished. an eu clamp down means fewer rescue ships from european aid agencies patrol these waters, so those playing russian roulette on the high seas are now three times more likely to die. and being rescued instead by the libyans means a one—way ticket back to north africa. here, the coast guard is trying to save three migrants whose boat has capsized. "keep calm, slowly swim to us", shout the rescuers. remember, sharks feed in these waters. they make it to safety. colonel abu abdelbarri coordinated the rescue that saved the lives of the three migrants. he says it's vital rescue boats from aid agencies stay away, to prevent more people being lured
9:41 pm
to the mediterranean. translation: we have been through horrific experiences. it can be emotionally difficult for our crews. seeing so many overcrowded migrant boats sinking. sometimes it's women who have just had babies drown, their infants floating dead in the water beside them. we are not against the migrants trying to find a good life, we are against the traffickers and smugglers who take their money and don't care and leave them to die. but those rescued from the mediterranean end up in filthy, overcrowded detention centres and the recent fighting between the rival militias who control libya, thousands were abandoned by their guards. this group fled one facility. they left us without food, without security, anything. how long were you there
9:42 pm
when the guards live? 22 days. 22 days? yes. the situation is terrible in libya for refugees and asylum seekers. for some, it's even hell, especially if they fall into the hands of the traffickers, then anything is possible, systematic rape, torture, mutilation, all kinds of abuses. no wonder these migrants want to head back to nigeria. the eu has succeeded in cutting the numbers of people illegally crossing its borders. but at what price? clive myrie, bbc news, in tripoli. staying in north africa, the moroccan navy has opened fire on a motorboat that was carrying migrants and a young moroccan woman was killed. mike sanders told me more about this earlier. it's happened on tuesday on the
9:43 pm
north coast of morocco. a little itself of the spanish enclave in morocco, and we are getting two accounts, one from the local authorities in morocco, saying that the navy was obliged to open fire because the skipper of this and go fast, and extremely fast rigid hold boat, refused to stop, and they were on moroccan waters so they should've done that. they say that the captain on the naval vessel could not see there were migrants aboard this fast boat, because they were lying down. now you can judge for yourself the possibilities of that, but it transpires that four people were hit, one of them a 22—year—old moroccan woman who died. three other people, one of whom, according to
9:44 pm
human rights organisations, had to have their arm indicated and is now recovering in hospital in the moroccan capital. now the story has a lot of potential because we talk about migrants trying to get from libya to europe a lot, but we talk a lot less about that same journey happening from morocco. it is that because we aren't covering, or because we aren't covering, or because it's not that frequent? because we aren't covering, or because it's not that frequent7m becoming more frequent and we will see more and more it. the un agency says that since the italians, most notably the interior minister decided not to let rescue boats land in italy back injuly, spain is now getting six times as many migrants as italy. and the iom says that 38,000 migrants have arrived in spain either by land or sea this year. so it is a phenomenon we will see more and more of. this woman is holding
9:45 pm
up an aadhaarcard. since being introduced nine years ago it's become the essential proof of id for over one billion indians, it's used to access government benefits, to vote, and many other things besides. you get one by supplying your biometric data. your fingerprints are held on a government database, as is a scan of your retina. some have contested that the system is reasonable, but today, india's supreme court ruled it does not infringe the privacy of indians. —— unreasonable. the judgment reads, "aadhaar gives dignity to the marginalised. dignity to the marginalised outweighs privacy". but the court also said the scheme should be reined in a little. davina gupta can explain. this card has been quite a
9:46 pm
controversial one. many activists have alleged that this infringes on their right to privacy, they would not like to share their data with the government because it can be misused by a lot of people. and today, india's top court finally ended that debate. india top court has said that this policy is not unconstitutional, it does not infringe on anyone's right to privacy, but in fact is essential for millions of indians who do not have access to either a drivers licence or a passport, so this becomes a first identification. with this identification, they can also... buffer the world's biggest mutt —— biometric system, this also comes with a bit of limitation, because now private services like banks and telephones, and other hosted services cannot ask their users to furnish this card as an id proof. while many have welcomed this judgement as a balanced verdict, many are also questioning if it is
9:47 pm
too late. as devina said there, the system continues to be controversial, some think today's judgment didn't go far enough, a tweet from the head of human rights watch. "india shouldn't be conditioning access to government necessities on possession of a biometric id". of course, the system has its defenders too, here's someone involved with it who spoke to the bbc earlier. there has been a very big need in india for ensuring that the government benefits and subsidies reach people. we have had several lea ka g es of reach people. we have had several leakages of billions of dollars over the years, and people, we have another crisis in the country were authentic ——... another crisis in the country were authentic ——. .. and another crisis in the country were authentic ——... and i think this is the first step towards it to ensure that once an individual has been identified with the biometrics, that person cannot pretend to be somebody
9:48 pm
else. now this is important from the government's point of view, and not just in india. let's go to mexico. the entire police force in the city of acapulco has been disarmed, and is now under investigation for links to drug gangs. this was the moment marines surrounded the police headquarters on tuesday. they blocked it off and disarmed 700 officers. their weapons, ammunition, and bulletproof vests have been taken. the marines and federal officers are now in charge of law and order in the city. acapulco became famous around the world in the ‘50s and ‘60s as a destination for the rich and famous. but now it's a centre for drug trafficking, and is mexico's murder capital, which is saying something. this is a comparison between acapulco's murder rate and london's. 106 murders per 100,000 people in acapulco, that's the highest rate ever recorded there. compared to less than two people per 100,000 in london. this is the new mayor, who takes up office in less than five days.
9:49 pm
she says her new security chief has already received death threats. lourdes heredia is a mexican journalist here in the bbc newsroom, and knows acapulco well. i went to actor poco for all my holiday summers, it is near to mexico city. we used to have beautiful beaches, and it was at this place where you feel safe. now it is one of the highest rates not only in mexico, cut in the world, even the more it is having problems with all the bodies, they don't know where to put all the bodies. it has been set for a long time that their police had been having these links with the drug trafficking. the state of guerrero is where the roads go through. it is not news for anyone who follows the news in mexico, it
9:50 pm
is something that happens just before the new major takes over, who is part of the party of the new elected president who is very close to... all members will remember that thatis to... all members will remember that that is the 43 students who disappeared four years ago. there have been so many questions without a nswe rs , have been so many questions without answers, relatives are asking for a new investigation, although the new president has said we will make a new investigation and trying to find out what happened to them. we spent quite a lot of time recently talking about uganda. this is the president, yoweri museveni. his daughter has now directed a film called 27 guns, it dramatises his struggle for power over 30 years ago. the timing of this film is obviously not a coincidence. we've talked a lot about the young opposition politician, bobi wine. three quarters of uganda's population is under 35, and this film is a deliberate effort
9:51 pm
to remind them of mr museveni's historic role in the country. here's catherine byaru hanga. the president's rule and legacy are coming underan —— the president's rule and legacy are coming under an —— increasing pressure. one he led a five—year rebellion to clinch power, the majority of ugandans were not born yet. and this generation has become his biggest critic. his daughter has directed 27 guns, hoping to reach out to young people.|j directed 27 guns, hoping to reach out to young people. i have no apologies about being his daughter.
9:52 pm
i feel very proud to be able to tell that story. i don't think it was me glorifying, i think it is me telling it. those critical of the film were too scared to speak to us on camera. but supporters of the government came out smiling. i don't want to see my country go back to that. it was really, really tough. most of the younger generation don't know what happened, where our foundation is built, the freedom we enjoy. this movie is showing injust is built, the freedom we enjoy. this movie is showing in just a is built, the freedom we enjoy. this movie is showing injust a handful of high—end cinemas. it is not a blockbuster sell—out, but we are told audience members are slowly picking up. many of his comrades have since fallen out with him. they accuse him of betraying their struggle. unfortunately, he seems to be trapped in the very history that
9:53 pm
we fought against, because we believe that the leadership should believe that the leadership should be transparent and democratic, that people should be able to express themselves through free and fair elections. will he leave office in the same way? and what legacy will he have? president trumpet chair date un security council earlier, he will be giving a press conference in the next few minutes. when it starts, you will get coverage on bbc. hello there. if you spent your wednesday under sunny skies, you would have been forgiven for thinking summer had made a return. this is how it looked through a
9:54 pm
weather watcher in lincoln, and not far away on the lincolnshire coast, temperatures got close to 2a degrees. but don't be fooled, sunny days at this time of year can quickly turn into clear and chilly nights, that is exactly what has happened across the south of the uk, a cold start thursday here, a touch of frost for some. but further north not as cold, because we have some extra clout bringing some outbreaks of rain. during thursday we push this band of cloud with some dying outbreaks of rain, further south into northern england. the sunshine combining with warm air could lift temperatures up to 23 degrees once again. up north we start to pull in something cooler and fresher, and thatis something cooler and fresher, and that is the story for the next few days. this band of cloud, a few spots of rain by this stage, will continue to sink its way southwards, accompanied by a cold front. behind the cold front, we get into some colder air. so a different feel to
9:55 pm
the weather on friday, particularly in the south. we lose the last re m na nts of in the south. we lose the last remnants of that weather front, that we see some sunny spells developing, showers and more of a breeze, but those temperatures by this stage just 12—16d. moving out of friday into saturday, high pressure still pretty much in charge, but frontal systems trying to squash in from the northwest, that will strengthen the breeze across northern parts of the uk, particularly the north half of scotland, while we will also see optics of rain. but further south, so spells of sunshine to be had, but those temperatures are nothing to write home about, 13—17d at best. some of the cloud in the northwest is likely to still further southwards as we get into sunday, so sunday will be cloudy or, maybe the odd spot of rain, but some sunny spells, as well. those temperatures around 12—17d. now this is what we are expecting the jet stream to look
9:56 pm
like is big to sunday. bending its way north, following this pattern across the atlantic, it is in these northward bands that we are able to build areas of high pressure. wherever you see the jet diving its way southwards, that is where we will see low pressure and more u nsettled will see low pressure and more unsettled weather, and you can see one of these dips in the jet stream gets perilously close to the british isles on monday, allowing something more unsettled in the eastern areas, and with that, a cool art —— north or northwest or flow. either way you get sunshine, but also some showers running along the east coast, some of these could even be wintry over high ground in scotland, just 9 degrees is the expected height in aberdeen. but that dip in the jet strea m aberdeen. but that dip in the jet stream with the unsettled weather is likely to slide away into the mediterranean, as we get towards the middle part of the week. that would align us allow high—pressure to build its way back into the shores, but the winds and high pressure
9:57 pm
moving this clockwise, so that will a lwa ys moving this clockwise, so that will always bring the eventual for cool aircoming from always bring the eventual for cool air coming from the north. later next week, sticking with cool days and chilly nights, a touch of frost at times. it will be dry for many, we will see a little bit of rain in the north, but don't be deceived by a little bit of warmth at the moment. the labour leader, jeremy corbyn, says his party is ready to govern as he outlines his vision for a radical plan to rebuild and transform britain. in his closing speech at the labour party conference, he promises a green revolution and vows to end what he calls the "greed is good" culture. where the tories have divided and ruled, we will unite and govern. we represent the new common—sense of our time. we'll be asking if his vision for britain is achievable. also on the programme tonight. revealed — the real identity of one of the salisbury nerve agent suspects.
9:58 pm
not a tourist but a colonel in russian military intelligence. the inquest into the death of a 15—year—old who collapsed on a plane after an allergic reaction is told the flight crew didn't use a defibrillator because they were about to land.
9:59 pm
10:00 pm


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on