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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 4, 2018 8:00pm-9:00pm BST

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this is bbc news. i'm rachel schofield. the headlines at 8pm. western governments accuse russian spies of launching cyber attacks on institutions around the world, the dutch unmask four men they say plotted to hack the international chemical weapons watchdog. it's also claimed russia hacked into the porton down chemical weapons facility. both organisations had been investigating the salisbury poisonings. if anyone had any questions in their mind about russian military involvement in the salisbury attacks, this will put to rest those doubts. leading democrats criticise the fbi report into supreme court nominee brett kavanaugh, but republicans say they found no hint of misconduct and that he should be confirmed on saturday. the government takes emergency action after a disposal company fails to incinerate hundreds of tonnes of bodyparts and nhs medical waste. for the first time under the modern slavery act,
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a drug dealer who trafficked children to sell heroin and crack cocaine is jailed for m years. and children are spending three hours a day on tablets and smartphones before they're even old enough for school. western governments have mounted an unprecedented and coordinated fightback against a series of cyber attacks carried out, they claim, by russian spies on governments and key institutions around the world. the dutch claim four spies from russian intelligence hacked into the headquarters of the international chemical weapons watchdog in the hague. it was at a time the watchdog was investigating the novichok attack in salisbury.
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russia's also been accused of cyber attacks on organisations here, including the foreign office and the porton down defence research facility. and the us has charged seven people after claims that a nuclear facility and its anti doping agency were hacked. russia has denied it all, dismissing it as western spy mania. our security correspondent, gordon corera, reports from the hague. caught in the act. the moment four russian spies were detained in thenetherlands. their plan — to use the equipment in the boot of their car to hack into computer networks. the story was made public today in an extraordinaryjoint british and dutch news conference in which the details were laid bare and the finger pointed at the gru — russian military intelligence. it can no longer be allowed to act aggressively across the world against vital international organisations with
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apparent impunity. here's where they were caught — a ar park in the hague in april of this year. the reason they were here is because just next door is the headquarters of the organisation for the prohibition of chemical weapons. at the time the organisation was investigating the poisoning of sergei and yulia skirpal. the four russians arrived on the 10th of april. they were using diplomatic passports and carrying 20,000 euros and $20,000. they were secretly photographed carrying out reconnaissance the next day. in the boot of their car they had what is called close access equipment, allowing them to intercept passwords as staff logged into their computers so that the russians could break into the systems.
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the dutch, with help from the british, had been watching and waiting. we were watching closely at that moment for that when we had the idea that the equipment was getting working, we disrupted the operation. you are confident this is russian military intelligence, the gru? we are confident. what ties them to the gru? their phones were activated close to a gru base. 0ne carried a taxi receipt from the gru base to the airport on the day they left. information on the laptop links the computer directly to a series of cyber attacks, including the downed malaysian flight and hacking of athletes data from the world anti—doping agency. the british government also detailed other cyber attacks hitting businesses across europe.
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even a small tv station in the uk. the way to prevent an escalation is to make sure when this kind of thing happens russia knows it is a red line and there are consequences, the price will be too high. in the final co—ordinated move, this afternoon the us department of justice issued detailed indictment against seven gru offices for a range of cyber attacks, focusing on sporting bodies. labour party leaderjeremy corbyn said he agreed with the government's assessment that the russian state is behind the cyber plots. all the evidence points towards russia on the cyber attacks, and the dutch are clearly involved in this investigation as well. i didn't have to be clear that we have to make everything protective against cyber
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attacks from any state and from any organisation, because clearly cyber security is something that's going to become more and more important as the year goes on. remove any diplomats that clearly are not diplomats that clearly are not diplomats masquerading as something else. and confront russia with it but also strengthen international organizations and their protections such as the un and the organisation with chemical warfare. former cia officer alex finleyjoins us now via webcam from denver. thank you very much for being with us. thank you very much for being with us. what strikes me and a lot of commentators have said is how courtney did this approach today was of outing certain russian attacks. that's what stood out to me as well with unified approach that came out of christianity uk and dutch this morning followed by the americans little bit later. unfortunately i missed the dutch and the uk press
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conference and saw the department of justice one. they made a point of staying in that that this was a coordinated effort, and they made a point also as saying that there was intelligence coming in from a number of different countries on this. that means everybody works together which i think is very important. the co—ordinate message as well as important because all of these operations were in support of vladimir putin's strategic goal which is divide the western alliance and drive a wedge between all of these countries in the west. and so these countries in the west. and so the fact that these countries cannot together with the unified and message i think probably send a priest wrong message back to vladimir putin. it's a message that he is going to take any notice of? wheezy denials come forward and normally these accusations are dismissed as fantasy. normally these accusations are dismissed as fantasyi normally these accusations are dismissed as fantasy. i think what are the things you have seen that you pointed out in your segment is
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would begin calling about and point out how they're very blatantly breaking the rules of international order and catching them red—handed doing things, i think if we can continue calling on that and showing them in the middle of running these operations at one point it may get to be so ridiculous that they're going to have to stop and i do agree of course they need to be consequences to all of this and we have put in some sanctions, this question is that there will be more sanctions now but again i think the unified message to begin with is a great start so that hopefully any sanctions or actions that come down will also be unified, and i also hope that the intelligence community within these countries are working together and quit it a defence and even co—ordinate offence. together and quit it a defence and even co-ordinate offence. over the get the countries involved america stands out because there have been
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questions surrounding president trump about where his allegiances lie and accusations of some kind of collaboration with the russians which he has denied it, but it's significant, do you think that the us has been part of this coordinated approach today? i think that the american intelligence agencies have been part of this from the beginning. of course, there is a discord between trump and his intelligence community. we seen it numerous times. trump has even been surprised when we expelled a number of diplomats from the united states after the poisoning. and he was surprised with so many. he thought that europe was responding with us which of course they were but there we re which of course they were but there were simply more russian diplomats in the united states than there are in each single individual european country. there's the separation
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between what the white house says and does and what actual policy is. ido and does and what actual policy is. i do think that it was interesting today that the department ofjustice was sure to point out that this was a separate investigation from what the special counsel is looking at and of course a special counsel in the united states is looking at election meddling and if there was any collusion between the trump administration were travelled campaign and russia. he did city investigations works together. one investigations works together. one investigation led to another. and of course three of the seven officers is not indicted today were previously indicted by robert mueller earlier this year. so there is some overlap and again all of it is some overlap and again all of it isa is some overlap and again all of it is a response to the overall strategic objective. what does this dossier of attacks tell us about the security services? seville saying it shows the recklessness on their part
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and an attitude in the paper trail they're leaving behind them and the way that they are operating. i think it certainly shows is that russian intelligence agencies are not infallible. but i would caution about becoming too cocky or complacent with that. they made mistakes, sure, or perhaps they were not as careful as they needed to be because they felt very confident in being able to take these actions. perhaps because when they had taken them before they had not faced any consequences. again i would not get complacent. part of this might be a case of increased cancer intelligence and operations on our side. part of this might also be bureaucratic issues. i have written a whole book on bureaucratic issues within the us intelligence agencies and how i can stymie operations in the field. it would not surprise me
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if there were bureaucratic issues going on within russian services as well. this was a great score today, but againi well. this was a great score today, but again i would caution not to be too complacent with the mistakes that we have seen from them. the extinct definition that we have not gotten longer. thank you very much indeed. and this reminder will be at how this and we'll find out how this story, and many others, are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:1i0pm and 11:30pm this evening in the papers. our guests joining me tonight are the talkradio presenter, daisy mcandrew, and katy balls, who's a political correspondent at the spectator. senators in the united states are studying an fbi report into allegations of sexual misconduct against brett kavanaugh — president trump's nominee for the supreme court. judge kavanaugh has been accused of sexual assault by christine blasey ford, in an incident dating back to 1982. senior republicans say the fbi report found there was no misconduct by kavanaugh while senior democrats say the report appears to be incomplete,
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and should be made public. let's hear what senator feinstein, a democrat, had to say. democrats agreed that the investigation scope should be limited. we did not agree that the white house should tie the fbi's hands. it is not credible to say that public testimony in last week's hearing is a substitute for the interviews by fbi agents. well, there was a very different view of the fbi report on the republican side. here was majority leader mitch mcconnell on the senate floor. none of the allegations have been corroborated by the seven fbi investigations. not in the new fbi investigation, not anywhere. 0ur correspondent gary 0'donoghue is in washington. gary, we saw from those clips the
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responses to me to go very much down party lines. does that mean that brett kava naugh's nomination party lines. does that mean that brett kavanaugh's nomination is looking more likely to be confirmed at the weekend? i think it does. today has been a war of words between both sides and various press conference is, news compasses and speeches and we saw mitch mcconnell giving there. lots of letters flying around all of the place and people writing to the fbi suggesting people they should have interviewed it and etc. people saying they should have been interviewed. a lot of noise in the sense that a lot of hubbub. at the sense that a lot of hubbub. at the end of the day the reality is this may be enough to keep an republicans onside to get this through. still a couple of days to go before the vote but we will see something procedural happen in the senate tomorrow which would give us a good indication of how things are
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looking. i think the confidence is there within the white house and within the senior parts of the republican party to think they have gotten their man now. and the question i want to ask you is what did the reports say? but that's not something we are privy to. it's a police report in that sense, not a public document and what has been happening is that the democrats have been hinting that there is some evidence in their of misconduct. they cannot say what it is, and republicans have been saying it does not corroborate any allegations that have been made against brett kavanaugh and so we are in a standoff. to some extent they're going through the motions at this point in time. the democrats know this one is done. some decent political reasons for them to want to get over this reasonably quickly. this will give them something to
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fire up their base with. for those crucial midterm elections this can be something that they can rally around to give people wound up and angry enough to get out and vote. thanks very much indeed. a man has been sentenced to 14 years in jail after trafficking and grooming children into selling crack cocaine and heroin for him. it's the first time the police have secured child trafficking convictions against a drug dealer under the modern slavery act. zakaria mohammed from birmingham admitted running what police call a county lines drug network, sending children out into provicinal towns to sell drugs. sima kotecha reports. zakaria mohammed. .. yes. you are under arrest for suspicion of supplying class a drugs. 6th april, and 21—year—old zakaria mohammed was arrested on his way into lincoln. it was from there that his drug operation took place. today he was sentenced to 14 years injail, after supplying heroin and crack cocaine and trafficking children
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to deal on his behalf. mohammed groomed teenagers, some as young as 14, into working for him, promising them a lavish lifestyle and then treating them like slaves. here the children are seen selling drugs. in many ways, they are brainwashed to believe that they are an autonomous drug dealer and they are high up in the organised crime group but actually they are at the bottom of a very large food chain. police were led to him after children from birmingham were reported missing by theirfamilies. the teenagers were found holed up in a flat in lincoln. mohammed was running a county line supply chain, dealing drugs across counties and exploiting young people along the way. he befriended these children, he groomed them, but with one end in mind and that was to exploit them — that he didn't see them as individuals, he saw them as a commodity. he didn't recognise their humanity.
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they were just there to be exploited, to extend his business. mohammed was put under surveillance after links were made between him and that drugs network. he was filmed buying tickets from the children from here at birmingham new street station to lincoln, where he made them live in the most appalling conditions. —— for the children. some of the missing teenagers were discovered during a police raid. inside the flat, no heating, no food. instead, 25 wraps of heroin and crack cocaine and a pile of cash. now they have been reunited with theirfamilies. the judge described mohammed as cynical and ruthless. he looked down as he was led out of the dock. sima kotecha, bbc news, birmingham. sport now...and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's chris mitchell.... good evening.
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half an hour into the super league semifinal between st helens and warrington. the winner gets a place in the grand final at old trafford on 13 october saints finished 15 points clear of warrington in the table. chelsea and rangers are in action right now and and a couple of games already finished. arsenal won their tie — that's eight wins in a row for the gunners. in the end they made it look pretty simple in azerbaijan where they were playing the country's champions qarabag. sockratis put unai emery‘s team in front, before in the second half there was a dream moment for 18—year—old emile smith—rowe — a first goalfor arsenal there for the academy graduate to make it 2—0. later teenager matteo guendouzi got his first arsenal goal. not such a great night for the scottish champions celtic though. they had taken the lead in austria against red bull salzburg but then brendan rodgers' side faltered
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and conceded three second half goals to lose 3—1. celtic also had james forrest sent off. here's the latest scores from the games that have just kicked off. no goals for chelsea or rangers but those games are about 20 minutes on. gareth southgate's first post—world cup england squad is young, with an number of new faces. in the 25 players only one was born before 1990. there are no players over 30 and england have theirfirst player born this century in the squad, this man. jadon sancho plays for borussia dortmund — moved from manchester city when he was 17 — wanted more football — getting it and particularly this season doing very well. here's the full squad with average age just under 2a — also another teenager called up for the first time is mason mount
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on loan at derby from chelsea leicester city's james maddison is called up. and chelsea's ross barkley is back in — barkley‘s last england appearance was in may 2016 — england play croatia and spain in nations league later this month. southgate has signed a new contract which will see him remain as england boss until the 2022 world cup. you never know with young players but they are capable of until you give them their opportunity, and we gave joe gomez debut against brazil and he was the man of the match. we have done that right away through the last two years. it may be a little bit for them but equally they are having a big impact important matches but i think it's good at this moment in time to travel with us this moment in time to travel with us and see how they adapt to that as well. gareth bale has been included in the wales squad for their matches against spain and republic of ireland. he missed real madrid's
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champions league game this week through injury. but is one of 25 players named by ryan giggs. joe ledley misses out because of injury. and his withdrawal means there are two changes overall with tom lockyer also ruled out. george thomas and jazz richards come in. england have included three uncapped players in their squad for the icc women's world t20 taking place in the caribbean next month. left arm spinners kirstie gordon and linsey smith receive theirfirst call—ups. along with batter sophia dunkley. who helped the surrey stars win the women's super league. there is no place for three world cup winners alex hartley seen here, georgia elwiss and laura marsh. two weeks after being left out of eddiejones's england training squad, danny cipriani has been named premiership player of the month for september. he was arrested and fined for assault and resisting arrest on a preseason tour injersey
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in august, butjones said he picked other players ahead of him purely based on form. that's all the sport for now. i'll have more for you in sportsday at 10:30pm. the government has confirmed that hundreds of tonnes of body parts and other medical waste have been stockpiled by a contractor working for nhs hospitals. it's emerged ministers met last month to try to deal with the problem, the department of health insists there's no risk to the public. our health editor hugh pym has more on why there has been a build up of the body parts. they're supposed to be disposed of that timely fashion at designated sites, but the contractor has not done that. a backlog has built up and according to health service journal which would destroy the company has argued that its erisa rules are tough so it can't keep up with the demand. it's being monitored closely by the watchdog
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committee environment agency which is known about this for a couple of months and ministers have met through the cobra committee to review contingency plans if this company has to stop taking waste. sources have said is the risk to patients or the public but labour has argued that this was not about why was parliament not told souter? 58,000 pregnancy tests have been recalled after some gave false positive results. women have been advised to return any ‘clear and simple' digital devices to their pharmacy and to use another testing method. the uk's medicines and health care products regulatory agency says patient safety is its highest priority. new research suggests three quarters of children under five have access to a tablet, smartphone or computer. and preschoolers spend nearly three hours a day watching tv and online content, that's acording to a survey of more than a thousand parents for the market research firm childwise. colletta smith has been talking to parents in manchester. just like adults, children are spending more time
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looking at screens. over half of three to four—year—olds have their own device and in two thirds of preschool households, alexa or siri are on hand to help out. wow, you found a ladybird. but it's not all about screen time. this survey also showed an increase in the number of preschoolers getting their hands mucky. my son is four and he is diagnosed with autism. he seems to interact with screens better than he does with people. mastery of the it side of the job is a real advantage. so you're getting them started young? alongside sort of a variety of other interests, i think it's a valuable thing to do. he only tends to watch really youtube videos of nursery rhymes and singing along and joining in the fun, really. and is that on an ipad, is that on a phone? we have a smart tv so it's on a tv screen. almost half of all preschool households now regularly access
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content via youtube. although netflix and amazon prime subscription—based services have seen a big increase in the last year, it is still cbeebies that is the most popular channel for little ones. boys tend to watch for longer than girls but for both genders, they are now watching on some kind of device for longer than ever before. if we go back even five or ten years, children's television would be on at very specific times of the day, whereas what we know now is you can access even good quality children's entertainment right around the clock, so this is a new challenge for parents and a new challenge in terms of boundary setting. we are still working out the impact of screen time on little brains, with the average for preschoolers now up to two hours and 48 minutes a day. well let's speak to dr elizabeth kilbey, a consultant child psychologist who features in channel 4's the secret life of four, five and six—year—olds. she is also the author
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of unplugged parenting — a book on how to raise happy, healthy children in a digital age. it isa it is a challenge, isn't it? what do we know to pick up the phrase there about the impact of all of this screen time on small brains? well, this is really the first generation of young people who are going to be raised as what we called digital natives and some of these children devices have been present in their lives from the moment they were born in the delivery room and u nfortu nately we a re in the delivery room and unfortunately we are dealing with the generation of guinea pigs. said we had any sense of what you should be looking at? they say that you don't have the ability to concentrate and they can't settle to sleep. 0r all of these just us finding our way sleep. 0r all of these just us finding ourway or sleep. 0r all of these just us finding our way or is there research that backs some of this already? well what we know and what's so adjusting to me is that we now know there is such a significant amount of time that young people and your
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children underfive of time that young people and your children under five spending nearly three hours a day on devices and loss we don't know the impact of that we do know that that is three hours they are not doing something else, and children positive development is all about engaging to explore the world, interacting with others in so much of their learning is interactive and the difficulty i haveis is interactive and the difficulty i have is that device time is isolative. that will have a knock on impact of the development. so for pa rents impact of the development. so for parents thinking how lice set the boundaries as they get a guideline as to what is healthy? as we heard from so the parents there it's important that young people can work ina important that young people can work in a digital age when they're going to be ina in a digital age when they're going to be in a career that probably demands it. digital devices are inevitable. and in the classrooms and a key part of learning. what we know is that children are spending a lot of time even in the under fives and research is telling us that even five years ago the screen time became a significant part of children's lives that age for. what
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we're saying to parents is screen time is an inevitable part of your child's development, but what else are they doing outside of that? want to encourage parents to continue the language development, reading, interacting and helping to set limits around this very appealing pa rt limits around this very appealing part of the development. it's clearly about balance. it's also important when they choose to watch and when we allow them to watch? does it make a difference if they're just watching a children's programme as opposed to playing a game or salon? there's a lot of debate about this and is there a debate to passive watching like tv with the generation we grope with or is there some benefit or advantageous aspects of development that you can get through games are interactive devices? the research is not terribly clear on this. what we do know is that some of the aspects of learning are helpful but actually it does not replace interaction with adults and it is about the amount of time you spend perhaps more than
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what you are doing when you're online. thank you so much for making the time to speak to us here on bbc news. now it's time for a look at the weather with tomasz shafernaker. hello. a bit of a battle on the weather front at the moment between the colder weather coming in from the colder weather coming in from the north and warm weather in the south. in between this battle we have the weather front taking place. the crowd in re movie through northern ireland the parts of scotla nd northern ireland the parts of scotland through the night that we will push into the lake district possibly northern wales as well. either side of that weather front is where we will see those big temperature contrasts. first thing on friday morning we're talking about warmer relatively speaking to my ten to 12 degrees weather in the south. 0nly my ten to 12 degrees weather in the south. only a expected the lowlands of scotla nd south. only a expected the lowlands of scotland in the countryside. the weather front and the dividing line between the cooler north and warmer south somewhere around northern england in the midlands getting cloudy with spots of rain the other
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side london to be sunny and 21 degrees. much fresher in the north. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines. western governments have accused russian spies of launching cyber attacks on institutions around the world. the dutch unmasked four men they say plotted to hack the international chemical weapons watchdog. it's also claimed russia hacked into the porton down defence research facility. both organisations had been investigating the salisbury poisonings. leading democrats have criticised an fbi report into us supreme court nominee brett kavanaugh, but republicans say they found "no hint of misconduct" and that he should be confirmed on saturday. the government has taken emergency action after a disposal company failed to incinerate hundreds of tonnes of bodyparts
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and nhs medical waste, a spokeswoman said there is no risk to the public. new research suggests children are spending three hours a day on tablets and smartphones before they're even old enough for school. and still to come: a new law comes into effect banning public bodies in scotland from putting shetland in a box on a map, floating off the aberdeenshire coast. we speak to an msp behind the change. 1a uk aid charities have launched an appeal for emergency funds to help the survivors of last friday's earthquake and tsunami on the indonesian island of sulawesi. more than 1,500 people are thought to be dead, missing, or injured, although that number is expected to rise further. 0ur south east asia correspondent jonathan head reports from palu, one of areas worst hit. a government office in palu and tempers are fraying.
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this woman wants to know why no help has come to her neighbourhood yet. "i'm also a victim", a volunteer shouts back, "but at least we're doing what we can." six days into this overwhelming disaster, they are now trying to count the missing. names and photos left taped on the walls. among them, the university student in palu. her family has travelled 300 miles from their hometown to try to find her. they have made photocopies of her description. she was right in its path when the tsunami struck, yet they believe she may be alive. we think so, says her uncle. we've already seen so many bodies and opened so many body bags and she wasn't among them.
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they decide to go back to where she was last friday, passing apocalyptic scenes that must have been disheartening for them. they stuck her photo onto whatever posts were still standing after the tsunami and her father showed it to the police. she was wearing a yellow shirt and black trousers, he explains. it rings a bell with one of the officers. i'm going to the hospital to see a body they have there, he told me. she also has black trousers, he's been told, although the shirt has been torn off. but as they are about to leave, someone showed that they have found a body in the collapsed recreation centre where she had been last friday. this is an all too familiar scene in palu now but for sadran, not knowing whether they might have found his daughter, it's a harrowing wait.
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as they bring out the body, he hears it was a pregnant woman. it isn't her. the commanding officer commiserates with sadran. his search must go on. today, this has become one of the most characteristic and mournful sights in palu, excavators pulling away at the rubble, trying to get at the bodies of victims. there is much more of this heavy machinery now than a few days ago. given the sheer size of this disaster, it's likely that many of the victims will never be found. these searchers think they have found another body, but they are not sure yet how to reach it. one more victim to add to a growing total. jonathan had, bbc news, indonesia. the first aid supplies from the uk are being flown out to indonesia from doncaster tonight to help
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survivors of the earthquake and tsunami. thousands of shelter kits, solar lanterns and water purifiers are among the items on their way to the disaster zone on the island of sulawesi. the uk has pledged £3 million in aid, as well as humanitarian advisers to help with the rescue effort, which has been hampered following the eruption of a volcano. rising sea levels, punishing droughts, and life—threatening heatwaves, these are the potential impacts of global warming. the world has taken action, agreeing to limit the rise in average temperatures to two degrees. but un climate scientists are meeting now to discuss whether that is too high, and whether a limit of 1.5 degrees may be safer. many of the world's most vulnerable countries say that's essential to save them. one of those is vietnam. from there, our science editor david shukman reports. the painful sight of homes lost to the waves. the land here in the
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mekong delta is sinking. at the same time, the sea is rising as the world gets warmer. it is notjust houses being destroyed, farmland is vanishing, as well. these farmers saw their fields slip underwater and they are worried that it will never be possible to hold back the sea. climate change is getting worse says this man and the water level is rising so fast we don't have time to build defences. the threat is felt throughout the mekong delta. in the city of can tho, we found this flood barrier half finished. the homes behind it keep getting flooded. there are 18 million people living in this region and they're are only just above the level of the sea. so, even a small rise could be devastating, which is why vietnam, and dozens of other countries facing the same threat, want to see global warming limited as much as possible. so, what does this mean for the future?
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three years ago this primary school were swamped by the river beside it. rising waters are becoming more dangerous. a researcher, florence halsted, is here to find out what the children think. i'm really interested in what it's like in the flood season. so, could you all close your eyes and i want you to really think about being in the flood season? this ten—year—old has something shocking on his mind. people scream out for help. scream out for help. right. florence then asked the children draw pictures of flooding. they conure up nightmare images of houses being washed away and hands reaching above the water. this ten—year—old sketches a girl in a boat shouting for help. another has featured a giant snake. i ask her why.
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the hope is that encouraging this openness about flooding will prepare the children for the more hostile climate they're likely to face as adults. they live in a water world and that is only going to increase. the water's not going away. they need to learn how to adapt and, whether that be through education like this, through community groups, that resilience really needs to be built up. back at the coast, work on new sea defences. scientists used to think there was a safe limit of global warming of two degrees but they now say we need a lower target to avoid serious damage to countries like this. we're about to get a major report on how to do that. david shukman, bbc news, in vietnam. a new law has come into force requiring public bodies in scotland to put the shetland islands in their correct geographical
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position on maps, and not tucked inside a box floating off the aberdeenshire coast. shetland lies more than 100 miles north—east of the mainland, and the islanders are fed up of feeling boxed in. cartographers complain that under the new rules their maps will mostly show the sea. well we can now speak to tavish scott, who's the scottish lib dem msp for shetland. he joins us live via social media from lerwick on shetland. thank you so much for being with us. let us start with the problem and why islanders were fed up with this? well for many years, we have been put ina well for many years, we have been put in a box on every map, some on the bbc which have had us placed east of money, but not in the correct geographic position. people get a bit fed up with that.
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shetland, scotland, the united kingdom, it is what it is in geographic terms. we are all strongerfor geographic terms. we are all stronger for having us accurately represented. the rest of the country benefits from the fishing grounds around, so it is quite important that we are on the right place in the map so people know where we genuinely are. clearly a case for accuracy, is there also a sense that it has an actual impact on the way people perceive the shetland islands? i think we have grown enormously in the tourism industry, that has been great in terms of uk tourists. sometimes you meet people who say that they thought it took longer to get there than they expected. so i think these things do matter, and i think that our tourism
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and the rest of our economy is enormously helped by putting us accurately and precisely on government publications and documents which will be the case following the law passed in the scottish parliament. for cartographers, you've given them something of a headache, because they'll have to make bigger maps and put a lot more see in they get to you? they will have to put a bit of cm, but i was speaking with a cartographer on another show earlier today, and he was fully understanding of both the island's dimension, as well as the reality of this reality and geography of it. if you live in different parts of the country, you don't want to be miss portrayed as to where you actually live, and i think in terms of that, it is no longer insurmountable, and thatis it is no longer insurmountable, and that is the point he made to be earlier. when it comes to the wire
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protections of islands like the shetland islands, it has been the island's bill passed, because perhaps they have been overlooked and treated as an add—on. what you think are some of the wider issues for people living in places like the shetland islands? that an important point. i think the arrival of devolution in 1999 was meant to be about bringing politics and government about democracy closer to scotland, and that should be for all people in scotland, whether you are in glasgow, edinburgh, or even chequers. i'm happy that they have passed and islands built, i think the mapping issue is more important in the practical sense, the fact that the government must now take into account island needs when they propose new laws or regulations. that is a very important and useful step forward. we will see how that benefits the western isles and other
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islands in the coming years. that is something i can only commend to other legislators around this united kingdom. good to hear that you're properly on the map, postliterate —— both literally and metaphorically. thank you very much for your time. the irish prime minister, leo varadkar, has said that a brexit deal could be reached in the next fortnight, but called for the uk to publish its latest plans for avoiding a hard border as soon as possible. speaking in brussels after meeting eu officials, the taoiseach said while he doesn't fully understand what a canada style trade deal means, a backstop proposal on the irish border is essential. i don't want canada plus plus plus means, it is just i don't want canada plus plus plus means, it isjust a concept i don't want canada plus plus plus means, it is just a concept at the state. but what i do know is that we need a backstop, we need protocol in ireland and northern ireland as part ofan ireland and northern ireland as part of an agreement, that is essential. because if we do negotiate a canada plus plus plus minus whatever... it
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will take the transition period to negotiate that agreement. and there isa negotiate that agreement. and there is a possibility that an agreement of that nature, which would be unique, will take more than a transition period to do. and that is exactly why we need to have a legally binding backstop, to give us the assurance that if it takes longer than a transition period to negotiate this wonderful deal with all the pluses and asterisks attached to it, that we have to guarantee there will not be a hard border between ireland and northern ireland. bbc news has learnt that a second british woman has died from so—called "brazilian butt lift" surgery. this is a cosmetic procedure made popular by celebrities, but the british association of aesthetic plastic surgeons has called it the most dangerous one to undergo. fat is taken from one part of the body and then injected into the buttocks. surgeons warn that many people are putting themselves at risk by travelling abroad to have the procedure more cheaply. a warning to viewers that this report by chi chi izundu does contain photographs taken after the surgery. in august, 29—year—old
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leah cambridge died after having cosmetic surgery to enhance her buttocks. it was done at a clinic abroad. she's one of two british women to have passed away as a result of having what's known as a "brazilian butt lift", or a bbl. they are now part of a growing trend of young women who want to have a small waist and a pronounced backside, to look like social media stars and celebrities like kim kardashian. and the only way they feel they can get that look is by having cosmetic surgery. so there was not much of a help... two years ago this woman had surgery in turkey. she said she wanted it because her body had changed after having kids. a few days after, i woke up with really high fevers. didn't tell any of the nurses. ijust wanted to go home and just get to the uk doctors to have a look at me. bbl surgery is the most dangerous cosmetic procedure, with a death rate of one in 3,000, and today, the british association of aesthetic plastic surgeons have said they are so concerned about it they are calling on their
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members not to perform this surgery in the uk. i got admitted to hospitalforfive days and ended up on iv antibiotics. luckily one of them worked for me. for the first few days nothing was working. my infection was getting worse and worse and worse, and i know other girls where the antibiotics didn't even work for them so they end up with really bad infection wounds all over the buttocks area, and the thighs and everywhere. british women are paying between £3,000 and £5,000 for bbl surgery abroad. the gluteus maximus or the buttock muscles are the biggest muscles almost in the body, so the vessels are really big and the veins are really big, and if the fat is injected into the vein it can go into the circulation, through the heart and into the lungs, and that can cause death. we spoke to other girls who'd undergone bbl surgery. these pictures are of a 23—year—old from wales, who says she is scarred for life as a result of her procedure. hi, guys.
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nella rose is a youtuber with hundreds of thousands of followers. she nearly had bbl surgery abroad, but didn't. sometimes as an influencer, you don't realise how much influence you actually have. so it's like now if girls are like, her body isn't perfect, she's got a belly, she's got a bum, she's still embracing herself, why can't i embrace myself? so that epiphany really settled into me and i wasjust like it really doesn't need to be done. but experts worry with the power of social media more and more women will seek to have bbl surgery abroad. chi chi izundu, bbc news. the uk's most dangerous spider has stopped hundreds of pupils from attending four schools in east london. they were shut after false widow spiders were discovered on the premises. 0fficials insist they'd been left with no choice, whilst the infestation is being treated. ayshea buksh has the details. they are the most minimum ——
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venomous spiders in the country, and now, infestations of false widow spiders have been found in four schools in east london. they were discovered by an environmental team during a routine check of all the buildings and outside areas, they're being treated and fumigated. rugby boys school is closed for two weeks, whilst pest—control deals with the problem. this woman's son has just started school there, and he has been sent his studies to do at home. it makes wonder how long that will nest was there, if they got into it anyone else's closer bags, or houses. 0bviously that is why a check his bags, i don't want them in my house. it is quite scary for the kids, because i don't like spiders. and they are watching everything, they look at everything. they saw ie will spider yesterday, which was freaky. you don't know what is or what you're looking for. there were no signs of any spiders. when i was told that there were was asked, i
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started to get creeped because i was sitting in a place full of eggs. four schools have closed, all within a two—mile radius of each other in knew him suckering parents should not be alarmed. they should be assured that everyone cohesively and electively to get the situation sorted out. obviously wants an infestation is detected, there needs to bea infestation is detected, there needs to be a thorough process of examination and treating the issue. and that is all done in the interests of the safety of their children. the spiders will bite if mishandled or provoked. their bites can cause painful swelling and are similartoa can cause painful swelling and are similar to a wasp's sting. the spider experts as they are not life—threatening. spider experts as they are not life-threatening. people have a lot of concerns about false widow spiders, but they're a species found in the uk. they're not really dangerous. there have been people who have record —— reported a better
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reaction to the bite, but in most cases, it seems it is more secondary infection in the event itself. the venom infection in the event itself. the venom is really not that bad. newham council has encouraged all schools and nurseries to check their premises carefully for any spiders. call pest—control if they find any spot —— signs. meanwhile, he may have its zone wait to tackle the spider problem. meet crusher, the family snake. the winner of the royal institute of british architects' most prestigious award, the riba stirling prize, will be announced next week. the nominations to become britain's best new building include a student housing development, a cemetery, and a nursery school. we'll look at each building in the shortlist over the next few days, and today it's the turn of the new tate at st ives in cornwall by jamie fobert architects with evans & shalev. it's a reconfiguration and extension of the postmodern art gallery
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which doubles the exhibition space and creates a new public walkway connecting the town to the beach. tate came to st ives because of this amazing legacy here, an artists' colony that started in the early 19th century and continues to this day. we got to this point where we had four times as many visitors as we expected, so the gallery was bursting at the seams. the community wanted the gallery to expand, but at the same time they wanted it to be integrated into the landscape. we did this by excavating into the cliff side, so that we could create the largest possible gallery level with the existing galleries. st ives sits as a spit of sand out into the atlantic, which captures both the east and west light. it was this particular double light that attracted artists here in the first place. the roof of the gallery is made up of massive concrete beams, above which are six very large light
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chambers that capture this very particular light of st ives. you could say that daylight was the primary material around which the gallery was built. besides the gallery, it was incredibly important that we provide art handling and staff spaces, and this created a small building that sat above this landscape. as it was looking out to sea and up at the sky, we chose to clad the building in a glazed tile, which reflects the sea and the sky and captures these two primal elements of the cornish landscape. you don't realise the scale of how big this build is and how clever it was to imagine that it would fit here, until you actually come into the finished space and you see it for the first time. and it was just amazing. i'm just thrilled. to me, this is a testament to true dialogue with the communities of cornwall, resulting
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in incredible architecture. you can find out more about all of the nominated buildings on the bbc arts website and watch this year's riba stirling prize live here on the bbc news channel next wednesday evening between 8:30—9pm. astronomers in the us say they've detected a moon outside our solar system for the first time. it's called an "exomoon" and it's around 8,000 light—years away. it's estimated to be the size of neptune, making it about four times bigger than earth. it was picked up by nasa's hubble telescope by two us researchers. an appeal to help the survivors of the indonesia earthquake and tsunami has been launched by the uk's disasters emergency committee. more than 1,300 people are known to have died dan snow now presents the official appeal. on friday
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the 28th of september, a powerful earthquake struck the indonesian island of sulawesi, triggering a tsunami. 18—foot high waves travelling at over a00mph tore through towns and villages, leaving a trail of destruction. 1.5 million people may have been affected. we know that around a thousand people have lost their lives, a figure which is certain to rise. buildings have collapsed, trapping people in the wreckage. many were buried under mudslides which engulfed their homes. food and drinking water is in very short supply. the few hospitals still standing are completely overwhelmed. power and communication lines are down. many roads are impassable. there is a huge amount of work to do. the risk of disease is high because water and waste systems have been destroyed and many bodies are yet to be recovered and buried. without an effective and coordinated
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response, the situation could become even worse. you can help. dec member charities and their partners are working closely with indonesian authorities, providing food, clean water, first aid and shelter. £5 could provide a survivor with clean water for a month. £20 could provide a family of five with food for a fortnight. many thousands of people are in a desperate situation. anything you can give will help. you can donate any amount of money online right now at dec.org.uk, or by calling... anything you can give will help people in desperate need. thank you. that was dan snow presenting the dec indonesia tsunami appeal. you can give by calling 0370 60 60 900. standard geographic charges from landlines
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and mobiles will apply. or you can send a cheque to dec indonesia tsunami appeal to dec, po box 999, london ec3a 3aa. now it's time for a look at the weather with tomas shafernaker. hello. a bit of a battle on the weather front at the moment between the cold weather coming from the north and some warm weather in the south. in between this battle, we have a weather front taking place, cloud and rain moving through northern ireland, parts of scotland. through the night that rain pushes into the lake district, and on either side of that weather front, we will see those big temperature contrasts. first thing friday morning, we see warmer weather, 12
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degrees. whether in the south, only 4 degrees expected in scotland, and also a touch of frost in the countryside. that weather front, that dividing line between the cool north and warmer south will be somewhere around northern england, with spots of rain around the teens. 0n with spots of rain around the teens. on other side, london can be sunday at 21 degrees, a bit of an indian summer there. maas —— much faster in the north. hello, i'm nuala mcgovern, this is 0utside source. the fbi report on brett kavanaugh is in and senators are reaching a verdict. the early signs are that donald trump's nominee for the supreme court will be confirmed. but the democrats aren't happy. it looks to be a product of an incomplete investigation that was limited perhaps by the white house, i don't know. western governments say russian spies are hacking into governments and institutions worldwide, as four russian agents are caught
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trying to infiltrate a laboratory at the hague. the search continues for the missing in the indonesian tsunami, as the death toll rises to 1,500. and we'll find out the latest from brazil where the far—right candidate is leading the polls for sunday's presidential elections.
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