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tv   The Travel Show  BBC News  October 14, 2018 1:30pm-2:01pm BST

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the government has said plans to clampdown on patients who falsely claim free prescriptions, will help save nhs england £300 million a year. a new digitised system will allow pharmacies to instantly check who is entitled to free medication. and princess eugenie and jack brooksbank have released the first official photographs of their wedding, which took place on friday at windsor castle. now on bbc news, it's time for the travel show. this week, we're in cairo, as egypt's capital prepares to open the doors to the biggest archaeological museum in the world. it's fit for a king. you have lentils, you have chickpeas, and you have these fried onions. we sample some of the city's culinary delights. and we go behind the scenes as scientists attempt a delicate
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operation to restore a priceless discovery back to its former glory. this is one of the oldest structures of wooden ship in the world. we start this week in egypt's capital cairo, a huge sprawling city and home to more than 20 million people. the traffic here in cairo is just another level.
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cars everywhere, and the sounds from the horns beeping, it is just nuts. as we reach giza on the outskirts of the city, we get a glimpse of the archaeological wonders that have fascinated visitors for centuries. wow! is that them? i've only ever seen them on tv. we're still quite far away from them, but actually it's breathtaking. the ancient egyptians built these pyramids as elaborate tombs for their rulers, or pharaohs, some 4,500 years ago. they've become the calling card of egypt's tourism. and the oldest, the great pyramid of khufu, stands at nearly 150
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metres, and is the largest stone monument anywhere on earth. wow, that is awesome. seeing them in real life is so cool. tourism is one of egypt's biggest moneymakers, and in 2010 it reached an all—time high, with more than 1a million coming here on holiday. but the following year, everything changed. change, change, change! anti—government demonstrations in cairo‘s tahrir square kicked off a wave of protests across the country. standing on the corner of the square is egypt's national museum. built in 1902, it houses perhaps the world's greatest collection of ancient artefacts, including the magnificent treasures of the boy king tutankhamen.
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during the turmoil, looters and vandals took advantage of the chaos and broke in. suddenly, thousands of years of the country's history were at risk. what were your emotions, what did you feel? i was concerned at first, then i keep watching and felt secure after the museum was protected by our armed forces, and proud of those who formed a shell around the museum to protect the museum. thieves damaged the building and stole more than 50 priceless a rtefa cts . following the looting, a number of stolen antiquities ended up for sale online or at auction. the egyptian authorities managed to track them down, and now most of the stolen treasures, like this limestone statue, have been recovered. well, we are in front of the statue of king akhenaten, one of the objects that was stolen
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during the revolution here in egypt, and we are so lucky to get it back here at the museum, was it damaged at all? it is not damaged, and it is as we found it, and as we got it again, so it is not damaged. cramped, dusty and overflowing, the museum holds a special place in the nation's heart. but the break—in exposed its outdated and weak security, and highlighted what was already known — the need to better safeguard the nation's unique treasures. here in the shadow of the pyramids, a new ambitious project is entering the final stages of construction. due to open in 2020, the grand egyptian museum will be equipped to take the country's ancient treasures way into the future.
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when completed it will be the biggest archaeological museum in the world. this place is absolutely enormous. the footprint is 500,000 square metres. there are over 3,000 labourers working here 21w, and it cost over us $1 billion to construct. this is the main atrium, the entrance, and when you arrive you will be greeted by this imposing statue of ramses ii, one of the greatest egyptian pharaohs. i think even he would have been impressed by the scale of this place. it is fit for a king. this state—of—the—art monument will be the new home to tutankhamen‘s treasures. and for the first time, over 5000 objects discovered in the boy king's tomb will be on display to the public. but now, they will be better protected by modern security,
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shedding new light on the lives of the ancient egyptians. so tell me about this piece here. this is one of my favourite pieces. it's one of the chariots of king tutankhamen. so we are pretty much looking at a 3500—year—old artefact, but in perfect condition, intact, as it was? if we consider the 3,500 years, it is in a perfect condition. restorers in these specially built labs are using the most advanced technology in the world to prepare the artefacts for display. it is very convenient now that we can use modern x—ray, we can determine the composition of the materials that were used, the original colours, the nature of the gilding,
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all of these new, valuable information, is being disclosed to us in a non—destructive way. more than two thirds of the objects from tutankhamun‘s tomb have been hidden away in boxes since their discovery by howard carter almost 100 years ago. they are unrestored, and have never been seen by the public. so, nagm el deen, tell me what we can see here? 0ne one of the loincloths. what does it tell us about the king, what's the story? tourism here has really
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suffered over recent years. notjust because of political unrest, but also through acts of terrorism. with assurances of increased security, it is hoped that this new centre dedicated to egypt's unique history will finally help encourage tourists to come back. it's magnificent, how with every piece you discover, you add a new piece to the puzzle of ancient egypt. and the fascination doesn't stop. if you are thinking of coming here any time soon, here's
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the travel show‘s tips for what to know before you go. in terms of weather, egypt is pretty much a year—round destination, but temperatures can be uncomfortably hot here betweenjune and august. so it's best to travel between september and april when the heat is a lot more bearable. before you book, make sure you check your government's travel advice, because although the vast majority of the country is safe to explore, some areas are still subject to travel advisories. how are you doing, you 0k? while most traders have suffered because of the downturn in tourism, haggling is still very much part of the art of buying and selling in egypt. so hold your nerve and meet any price you are given with a much lower offer, and eventually
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you will agree to meet somewhere in the middle. how about 85? no problem. still to come on the travel show: the secret is out on cairo‘s sensational street food scene. it's so gooey, i have to put on gloves to eat it. and i'll bejoining a team of experts as they battle to retrieve a 5000—year—old piece of history from underground. so stay with us for that. egypt's amazing ancient history is undoubtedly one of the country's biggest draws for tourists. there are plenty of other things to see and do. most people come on holiday to egypt
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for the ancient history. last time i came, it was the beautiful beaches and the lovely weather. you wouldn't normally put food at the top of your list of reasons to be here, but there is a new group of people who are working really hard to make us all fall in love with egyptian cuisine. in cairo, street food is visible everywhere you turn. typical local cuisine is dominated by beans, grains, and lots of rich flavours. up until recently, it hasn't received as much international recognition as other middle eastern styles. and we were like, we're going to do a food blog... but local entrepreneur mia nezar is hoping to change that. she and her foodie friend laila hassa balla founded what they claim to be the first tour of its kind in the capital. there are no food tour companies here in egypt, but it is popular in other parts of the world. and egyptian cuisine is underrated. it's always overshadowed by the monuments and historical
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tours, which is the reason a lot of people come here. but no one really comes here for the food. so this area, the american university... the tours were launched a year ago, and include the area which borders tahrir square, the site of the 2011 uprising. this street was popular for being the area where students from the american university, on the right, used to kind of hangout and have their coffee. the aim is to offer small groups a genuine and perhaps grittier cairo experience through walking, history, culture and food. first up on my tour is a family owned business which specialises in the country's most ubiquitous dish. this is koshary. you can get this from very cheap all the way to a gourmet
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deconstructed koshary dish. you have lentils, chickpeas, you have these fried onions, and you also have rice, you have macaroni. all in this one dish? yes. ok, i'm going to give it a go. it's very rich. the onion flavour‘s coming out. i can get the kick as well from the spice, the peppers, and the garlic, as well. i like it a lot. egyptians love social media almost as much as their grub. and that's led to increased awareness of the latest culinary trends and fusions. how are you doing? good to see you. this unassuming eatery specialises in a local favourite called hawawshy. can you tell me what these
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guys are doing now? hawawshy is a bit like an egyptian version of a hamburger. but here it has been upgraded. so when would you eat this? i love this.
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so gooey that i have to put on some gloves to eat it. as we say in the uk, the proof is in the pudding. that is good. it is really tasty. really rich. don't give away too many secrets otherwise people will steal the recipe! and finally, i am back in egypt's capital, cairo, on the banks of the nile. today 95% of egyptians live along the nile. it has always been essential to life here. the ancient pharaohs built elaborate vessels to travel along the river and these boats became some of their most prized possessions. in the scorching desert heat,
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an extraordinary operation is under way. i am going to a unique laboratory specially constructed next to the great pyramid of pharaoh khufu. inside, archaeologists and scientists face a daunting task. they are trying to excavate an ancient wooden boat which was buried nearly 5000 years ago. what can we see here? this is khufu's second boat, built in bc, before christian, 2700 years. this is one of the oldest wooden ships in the world. these scientists are being led by a team from waseda university
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injapan, who have developed pioneering techniques to salvage the boat. it is a delicate and painstaking process. it can take a week to recover a single plank. what is happening now? they are now trying to lift up a very long, big wooden piece. unfortunately, this boat, the condition of the boat is not so good, very weak. it is thousands of years old. yeah. if the condition is good it is easy to lift up with manpower. but in this case we did tentative reinforcement, and we lift it up very carefully. it is the second of a pair of boats which were buried in pits next to the pharaoh's final resting place.
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the other ship, now housed in a museum in giza, was excavated in 195a. the boats had been carefully dismantled into thousands of pieces before being buried, along with hieroglyphic instructions on how to reassemble them. that is because the ancient egyptians believed that in the afterlife the boats would be needed to transfer the rulers‘ resurrected spirits up to the heavens. so what is happening in here? this is a lab for the conservation of khufu's second boat. after, as you saw, lifting the pieces from the boat, we bring the pieces here. the planks are incredibly fragile and removing them can cause even more damage.
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so this temperature—controlled lab was erected to examine the pieces on site. we take the weight, and we must keep the humidity at 55%... to help preserve the wood? yes, yes. the team are cleaning and restoring the wood piece by piece. they are literally rebuilding history. this is a dream for any conservationist, not only an egyptologist, but all over the world, people would love to work on this project. we are most proud of this work. this is one of the most famous of boats. back in the excavation area, the team is still struggling to save a large part of the hull. it has been buried for five millennia and the slightest knock
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could be catastrophic. it looks like it is about 20 metres long. it feels like an incredible moment here. applause how exciting. it's a little bit of history. it will take several years before this remarkable boat is fully restored. but when it's finished, it will go on display with its sister ship in the new grand egyptian museum. so, there you go. that's it from us for now.
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join as next week when krista is in london. there are famous landmarks you can see from here. we are in scotla nd you can see from here. we are in scotland to find out how some are being left with a bitter aftertaste. and don't forget, you can keep up with us on all our travels in real—time by following us on social media. but for now, from me and from all the travel show team, here in a foggy egypt, it's bye—bye. or as they say here, ‘salaam wa—alaikum.‘ there is some good news. we have had
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such dreadful weather across western parts of the uk, the flooding in wales and other parts of the country. the strong winds as well. 0ver country. the strong winds as well. over the coming days we will be entering much quieter weather. before we go to the uk forecast, what has been happening in other parts of europe. this is spain and portugal with france further north. we have had an interesting weather pattern. this is a remnant hurricane which rarely makes landfall on continental europe. normally hurricane strike at the caribbean, florida recently, this was in the atla ntic florida recently, this was in the atlantic and decided to change direction and head for portugal. not a pure hurricane but as close as we get across this part of the world. it slammed just north of lisbon bringing very bad weather and
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damaging winds. this is all linked to the weather front that has been crossing the uk as well. the rain has been falling across western parts of the country. tonight it will be more confined to south eastern areas. that weather front, a definite back edge, so the clear weather has been moving into northern ireland, western parts of scotla nd northern ireland, western parts of scotland as well. across the rest of the country it is still pretty cloudy and damp. you can see the track of the rain coming out of the south through the midlands, into yorkshire, and it looks as if it is starting to peter out. by 4pm the rain is out of the way for in most areas but it looks as though it could stall for a time and return to some south eastern areas, possibly the midlands as well, but further north and west it is looking clear and chilly. tomorrow, again pretty
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cloudy and damp. again that old weather front which refuses to clean away. it is going to be warm and wet, 17 in london. towards the north, fresher conditions, 1a. at least you have the sunshine. where we had the pouring rain the weather is improving. tomorrow clear skies in the west but reading in the east. choose the a new weather front comes m, choose the a new weather front comes in, new low—pressure between scotla nd in, new low—pressure between scotland and iceland which sends a weather front through. this scotland and iceland which sends a weatherfront through. this is run—of—the—mill for this time of year is all quite strong winds, gale force on the western isles, a few showers towards the west. winds are blowing of the continent so temperatures could get up to 17 in london. wednesday, low—pressure moving to the north of us. the
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weather front will clear through on wednesday. maybe a few spots of rain but generally midweek we have atla ntic but generally midweek we have atlantic winds bringing us bright fresh conditions to most parts of the uk. the outlook for the following couple of days, not looking bad. a little bit of light rain but on the hall the weather is improving. next weekend, the weather is looking very decent. after this rough spell of weather, finally things are improving. i'm shaun ley. the headlines at 2pm: the former brexit secretary david davis calls for a cabinet rebellion over theresa may's brexit plans — the health secretary appeals for unity. everybody needs to get under prime
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minister because she is trying to deliver the best deal to britain and thatis deliver the best deal to britain and that is how we take this forward. britain and the us consider boycotting a major investment conference in saudi arabia — after the disappearance of the journalist, jamal khashoggi. saudi arabia vows to retaliate if it's put under sanctions. trains between exeter and netwon abbot are disrupted because of rail damage caused by storm callum, but the worst of the weather is passing. the nhs in england plans to crack down on patients who wrongly claim free prescriptions. the government says new checks in pharmacies will help
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