this is bbc news. the headlines at 11:00: president trump says the saudi crown prince has assured him that the investigation into the disappearance of the journalist, jamal khashoggi, will lead to answers. the cabinet meets before tomorrow's crucial eu summit on brexit as brussels tells theresa may she needs to come up with concrete proposals to come up with concrete proposals to break the deadlock. a further delay to the rollout of the government's flagship welfare reform, it says to prevent claimants suffering hardship. and we'll be at the guildhall in the city of london to talk to anna burns, the winner of this year's man booker prize. and at 11:30, we'll be taking an in—depth look at the papers with our reviewers pippa crerar from the guardian and charlie wells from the economist — stay with us for that. the saudi leadership, already under pressure
because of its actions in yemen, is now facing growing international criticism following the disappearance and suspected killing of a saudi journalist. jamal khashoggi was last seen a fortnight ago at the saudi consulate in istanbul. the us secretary of state mike pompeo has held talks with the king of saudi arabia and the crown prince to express his concern about what's happened. in the past hour, he said saudi leaders told him they had no knowledge of what happened to thejournalist, and promised a serious and credible investigation. james robbins reports. the arrival of an american secretary of state to see saudi king salman isn't usually so uncomfortable. donald trump sent mike pompeo to get answers about jamal khashoggi's disappearance. but the crucial encounter was with crown prince mohammad bin salman
many hold responsible. president trump telephoned that, during their talks, he reported the crown prince totally denied any knowledge of what took place, promising a complete investigation. but could the truth still be covered up behind diplomatic immunity? the united nations insists it must not be. under international law, both a forced disappearance and an extrajudicial killing are very serious crimes and immunity should not be used to impede investigations into what happened and who is responsible. it is now two weeks since jamal khashoggi disappeared into saudi arabia's consulate in istanbul. turkish police have finally been able to search it. their detailed evidence is yet to be published but saudi arabia's traditional allies are threatening punishment without wanting to destroy valuable relations. saudi arabia is a major market for arms sales from the united states and britain.
61% of all saudi weapons purchases come from the united states and some 23% from the united kingdom. theirjoint sales completely dwarf the figure for all other suppliers. what else makes saudi arabia a key partner? well, its position as the world's biggest oil exporter is key, sitting on almost a fifth of global reserves, and western powers stress saudi arabia is crucial as a source of intelligence and as an ally in the fight against extremist violence, particularly from so—called islamic state. both theresa may and jeremy hunt insist saudi arabia has helped keep people on the streets of britain safe. for more than a half—century, both the united states and the uk have turned to saudi arabia because it's a lot easier to do things with saudi arabia on your side than when saudi arabia is against you. here in the heart of mayfair, saudi arabia has one of the most
palatial embassies in london, consistent with its vast wealth and power and also its importance to britain and the west. but britain is increasingly on the defensive about that closeness. first because of saudi actions in yemen and now because the disappearance ofjamal khashoggi means it has somehow to find a way of projecting outrage while, at the same time, protecting the fundamental relationship. there's no doubting widespread public anger against saudi arabia and other states accused of contempt for international rules. that means governments in democracies pledged to protect those rules are under growing pressure too. james robbins, bbc news. the president of the european council, donald tusk, has called for theresa may to come up with concrete proposals to break the deadlock in the brexit talks specifically on the issue of the irish border ahead of tomorrow's eu summit in brussels. the prime minister told the cabinet that a deal on brexit is in reach if the government stands together and stands firm, as our political editor laura kuenssberg reports.
what do we want? bin the backstop. when do we want it? now. high volume. she's wasted time, we just have to get out and get out now. high stakes. we need to do something more radical. we want the government finally to save brexit because it's all a mess. more than a sprinkling of ministers worrying. no—one is planning to resign, we're doing ourjob and trying to get the best deal for this country. fearing without a hard date for the so—called backstop to finish... the prime minister is doing a very, very complicated job. ..the uk might stay closely tied to the eu for good. morning sir, are we closer to no deal? but what there was not today was a huge bust—up over that backstop. the plan to avoid a hard border in ireland, if a big trade deal can't be reached, with the eu and the uk following the same customs rules. there was no huge clash here today because there was no huge decision. with the talks stalled,
there are indications now a final deal might not be done until december. the cabinet did agree the current backstop plan from the eu just is not acceptable but, as so often, they find it easier to agree on what they don't like rather than what they do. and the uk's alternative, i am told, is still not fully formed. the problem? that is exactly what the eu says is required, and fast. its top brass demanding that the prime minister turns up in brussels tomorrow with a new plan. and if not, well, he's hardly sounding cheery. the only source of hope for a deal for now is the good will and determination on both sides. however, for a breakthrough to take place, besides goodwill we need new facts. tomorrow, i am going to ask
prime minister may whether she has concrete proposals on how to break the impasse. there are not yet any new facts — the conundrums stay the same. the prime minister has almost no room for manoeuvre but has no choice to do anything but keep rolling on. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. that government's flagship welfare reform — universal credit — will not now be fully implemented for at least another 5 years. the system — which merges 6 benefits into one payment — has been beset with problems. leaked documents seen by the bbc reveal the government's plans to spend hundreds of millions of pounds to prevent claimants from suffering hardship as they make the switch. labour says the roll—out should now be stopped. our social affairs correspondent michael buchanan uncovered the story. another day, another protest against universal credit. small in number, perhaps, but raising large concerns. those who are particularly vulnerable really struggle
with this system. it's gone too far to scrap it now but urgent action still needs to be taken. ministers appear to agree and are delaying plans to start moving almost 4 million existing benefit recipients onto universal credit next year. tens of thousands of people were due to start getting letters nextjuly telling them they had to apply for universal credit but we have learned that process will not start until november 2020, which means that universal credit won't be fully rolled out until december 2023, putting the project almost seven years behind its original schedule. leaked documents show ministers plan to use the delay to significantly change the benefit. they hope to give people longer to repay any loans, make it easier for the self—employed to receive the new benefit, and they'd like to continue paying some existing benefits for a fortnight after people have applied for universal credit. any changes won't benefit misha, however. the 25—year—old single
mum has struggled with universal credit for three years. they repeatedly failed to pay her the right amount each month, leaving her and daughter maya struggling. it's not always been bad but there's been so many errors, that i wouldn't be able to afford to buy food living on my own on universal credit as a single parent. so, my mum would help me buy food and help me with clothes for my daughter. the secretary of state was tight—lipped this morning when asked about the benefit. is universal credit still fit for purpose? bye now. so it was left to a junior minister to respond. we have always said that, under universal credit, it is a test—and—learn approach and, as we test and as we learn, we adapt. and, earlier this year, we put in an extra £1.5 billion to support claimants and, you know, clearly this is a process. but there is an acknowledgement in the documents that any changes may not be enough. there is no assurance that,
ultimately, these proposals will prove to be deliverable and, addressing another concern, officials write, "there is nothing we can do to mitigate this issue." we've had people going into arrears and even sadly people losing their homes as a result because of eviction. so it's a real mess of a programme and the government really needs to get its act together and sort it out. universal credit is a new service that helps ensure you're better off in work than you are on benefits... universal credit was meant to be the answer to the fiendishly complicated benefit system. for too many people, however, the beleaguered benefit is a living nightmare and ministers are clearly struggling to achieve its original aims. michael buchanan, bbc news. the speaker of the house of commons — john bercow — is facing renewed calls to step down following a highly critical official report into the handling of bullying and harassment claims in the houses of parliament. mr bercow has called for an independent inquiry to be set up and his friends have told the bbc that he intends to stand down next summer.
but in the commons today, some mps insisted that the matter could not be settled while mr bercow remained in the speaker's chair — as our deputy political editor john pienaar reports. in the house of commons what he says, goes. who's behaving well, and who badly. who can speak, and when. be quiet. if you can't be quiet get out. and john bercow even gets to tell ministers when they're falling down on thejob. a total mishandling by his department for which the right honourable gentleman is solely responsible. but now it's emerged he is preparing to walk away, and with a damning inquiry into bullying and harassment of staff in parliament — overwhelmingly women — adding to the pressure to go quickly. today everyone agreed a westminster culture of abuse must change. over the last year we have all been shocked and appalled at the reports of bullying,
harassment and sexual harassment in westminster and i am determined to stamp it out. the speaker could only listen as mp‘s demanded the top man in parliament should go. the report is clear that there needs to be a complete change in leadership at the most senior level, including you mr speaker. the fish rots from the head, and the leadership failings highlighted in this report are worrying. long—time critics joined in. how can we encourage mr speaker to stop this behaviour? that provoked an angry claim the scandal is being used by the speaker's enemies. it is the victims that we care about and we will not use it for political gain and nothing fills the victims with more dread than when people play with their feelings. so don't do it. behind the scenes, i understand the speaker has told close friends and colleagues he means to step down next summer. as one source put it, he does not want to look as though he's been forced out but maybe it will not be enough, some will want to go sooner,
and he was right about that. this was clearly a pre—emptive strike to try and head off inevitable calls for him to go immediately. some seejohn bercow as a help, standing up to ministers over brexit. we need to make sure the decisions that are made in the next few months in the interest of the country are made properly, so i am very worried about the idea of having somebody in the speaker's place who is not experienced. but it's the scandal identified in the report of a formerjudge that's worrying mps now. misconduct, tolerated and covered up. male mps harassing staff, sometimes sexual harassment. the speaker's enjoyed high status but he's been accused and denied accusations of bullying too. in public, he's supporting reform. behind the scenery, he's facing a struggle about when and how he goes. john pienaar, bbc news, westminster. a man has gone on trial for the second time charged with the murder of two 9 year—old girls 32 years ago.
russell bishop — who's 52 — is accused of killing nicola fellows and karen hadaway who were found dead in woods near brighton in october 1986. from the old bailey, our correspondent daniella relph reports. more than 30 years ago the families came to court for the first murder trial. today they returned, at times in tears as they again sat through the evidence. karen hadaway was nine years old when she died, described in court as a sensible girl who knew right from wrong. nicola fellows was also nine and was said to be the stronger of the two, outgoing and would speak her mind. the girls were neighbours, their bodies were found on 0ctober10, 1986. they had both been strangled and sexually assaulted. they were discovered together in wild park in brighton, just half a mile from their homes on the moulsecoomb estate. they had both disappeared after going out to play. back then, russell bishop
was arrested and tried for their murders but he was acquitted and released. three years later, he assaulted and attempted to kill a 7—year—old girl. she survived and identified him. he was found guilty at trial. today he was back in court again, accused of the murder of karen hadaway and nicola fellows. jurors were told there was new evidence, much of it dna—based. the prosecution told the jury that the bodies were discovered in undergrowth in wild park. and that russell bishop told the police details about the scene that only the killer himself could have known. this is a key location the jury will see for themselves. all 12 jurors will be brought here from london to view a number of areas that are significant in the case. the families face a trial of up to eight weeks. the case remains the largest and longest—running enquiry ever undertaken by sussex police. daniella relph, bbc news. the headlines on bbc news: president trump says the saudi crown prince has
assured him that the investigation into the disappearance of the journalist jamal khashoggi will lead to answers. the cabinet meets before tomorrow's crucial eu summit on brexit, as brussels tells theresa may she needs to come up with concrete proposals to break the deadlock. a further delay to the rollout of the government's flagship welfare reform, it says to prevent claimants suffering hardship. the number of hate crimes committed against people because of their race, religion, sexuality or disability has risen by nearly a fifth in england and wales, according to the latest police figures. there were just over 94,000 such offences recorded between 2017 and 2018, most of them because of race. but the sharpest rise was in the number of hate crimes carried out because of religion. it almost doubled in a year, partly down to better reporting. more than half of the offences were aimed at muslims. 0ur religion editor martin bashir reports. just after midnight,
and a car surges towards an islamic centre in north london. right there. guyjust came through with a car. 5,000 people had been commemorating the life of a much—loved muslim cleric. the driver came out of the side road. his window was down, he was clearly deranged. witnesses recount that he was shouting anti—islamic slurs. five people were injured, and police have made no arrests. they're people, they're londoners, they're british people going about their daily lives. and to feel under threat, to feel paranoid in a country that they call home is very worrying. this is not an isolated incident. darren 0sborne was convicted of murder after driving a van into a crowd outside finsbury park mosque. rhodenne chand from birmingham
was jailed after saying he wanted to slit a muslim's throat. jonathan jennings from carmarthenshire was jailed after saying all muslims should be forcibly sterilised. today's report says the increase in religious hate crime can be partly explained by better police reporting and a greater willingness by victims to come forward. but last year also saw a spate of terror attacks in manchester, london and elsewhere. plus what some say is an increase in anti—immigrant rhetoric. sara khan, the commissioner for counter extremism, is preparing a report on the state of the nation. when i speak to lots of people in different cities and towns across the country, there is a concern that there is rising intolerance and hatred in our towns and cities, that perhaps didn't exist 30 years ago. something has indeed changed. so, while police are recording more hate crimes, when you ask people whether they have been
a victim, the numbers over the last decade haven't changed. martin bashir, bbc news. what if you could eat a steak and the cow didn't have to die? scientists in california are growing meat in laboratories from the cells of animals. they say the technology could help end hunger without destroying the planet. but would you eat it? the bbc‘s james cook was the first tv journalist to get a taste of the meat of the future. is this the future of food? here in silicon valley, scientists have taken feathers plucked from a chicken and are using it to grow meat in this hi—tech laboratory, which means that she can i am about to eat is, weirdly, still alive. so there we have it, ourjust chicken nuggets, which with a little bit of chipotle ranch dipping sauce.
nuggets, which with a little bit of chipotle ranch dipping saucelj nuggets, which with a little bit of chipotle ranch dipping sauce. i will dip it in the source. —— sauce. it is really tasty. it taste like chicken. go to sleep chicken! —— it tastes like chicken. there is something about the structure that is not quite the same as you might be familiar with, although the taste is very similar, the physicality, the feel of it in your mouth is slightly different. right, and there are ways you know that we can work on getting that together. it will be on the menu by the end of this year, probably somewhere in asia. this is the transition away from raising and confining animals. the reality is 90% of the meat we eat comes from places that if we looked inside wouldn't do make we wouldn't be that proud of. but will
anyone actually want to eat it? we travelled to cattle country to ask diners in ozark, misery. would you eat meat grown in a laboratory?” would prefer not to, if i knew about it. meat or to be grown on a farm, out in the field that stuff. ranchers have concerns as well. missouri has already banned the use of the word meat to label lab grown products. when i think of meat i think of a live grown animal. so we can't oppose the science and the growth that they have had in that area, but also i think it needs to be labelled accordingly. what should it be called meet? i don't think so. something that is produced in a lab, while it is protein, yes, from a transparency standpoint for consumers, so transparency standpoint for consumers, so that they know what they are purchasing and what they are feeding their families, they are purchasing and what they are feeding theirfamilies, we they are purchasing and what they are feeding their families, we think it needs to be called something different. whatever it is called, with america's largest meat processor now investing in lab—grown
meat, we may be about to see a new agricultural revolution. the sister of the duchess of cambridge, pippa middleton, has given birth to a baby boy. the child with her husband james matthews was born yesterday, weighing eight pounds nine ounces. a spokesperson for the couple said the family is delighted and both mother and baby are doing well. well, the arrival comes just a day after the duke and duchess of sussex revealed they were expecting a baby. prince harry and meghan have received their first baby gift. the royal couple arrived in sydney on the first leg of their tour. australia's governor—general, sir peter cosgrove, and his wife, lynne, presented them with a toy kangaroo, complete with joey, as well as a little pair of ugg boots. the man booker prize has been won by an author from northern ireland for the first time. thejudging panel said anna burns had drawn on her experiences of the troubles in northern ireland to produce a marvellous work
in her novel milkman. burns is the 17th woman to win in the man booker‘s 49—year history, and will receive £50,000 in prize money. our arts editor will gompertz was at the ceremony in the guildhall in central london. it is very excitable here. the publishing world is fascinated by the choice of milkman by anna burns as the winning novel. it was a short list, but it was an unanimous choice by thejudges. it list, but it was an unanimous choice by the judges. it is a book set in the late 1970s, in a city which is full of struggle and sectarian arguments. it could be in northern ireland, and it may not be in northern ireland. the protagonist is a 19—year—old girl whose name we don't know, she hasjust a 19—year—old girl whose name we don't know, she has just called middle sister. in fact, we don't
know the names of anybody in this book. they are all driven by titles, either the relation to middle sister, maybe boyfriend, orthe relations to the society in which they are living. so a little bit confusing if you haven't read the book. but fortunately i have got the winning author with us to explain why that choice of names. anna burns, congratulations. thank you. a wonderful book, a really brilliantly told story, but why no names? well, the book just told story, but why no names? well, the bookjust didn't work told story, but why no names? well, the book just didn't work with names. i think it's something to do with there is a lack of safety in being straightforward in the book, in declaring who you are. so i think thatis in declaring who you are. so i think that is part of it. but really the... the names, if i put in names, it lost power, it lost atmosphere, andi it lost power, it lost atmosphere, and i think really itjust didn't come with names. i'm making a mess of this! i think there is a huge amount of wit in not having names. yes. with the boyfriend, and
brother—in—law. yes. with the boyfriend, and brother-in-law. yes, it does. and also, because we don't know what city it is based in, there is a senseit city it is based in, there is a sense it might be belfast. you are from belfast. yes, i am. how much of the story and the characters are drawn from the real—life experiences? well, obviously i was brought up in belfast but that did have a huge influence on the book, and writing about an entire society affected by long—term pilots, and living under intense pressure, so that that becomes normality. and when i was growing up, i thought that was normality. and i have forgotten what you asked me! that doesn't matter, because we are out of time anyway. all can say is congratulations on winning the man booker prize. and we will be taking an in—depth look at the papers with our reviewers, pippa crerar from the guardian and charlie wells from the economist. that is coming up after the headlines at 11:30pm. now it is time for the weather with darren bett. hello there. it is not exactly
chilled out. the weatherfor the week ahead, though, will be mild and mellow, a bit like a cheese. we have the highest temperatures of the week on tuesday. 21 or so in the south—east of england and east anglia in the sunshine. we are gradually seeing more of an atlantic influence, slowly but surely this area of low pressure winding its way up area of low pressure winding its way up and heading towards iceland. this week where the front, which has already brought a little rain and drizzle, sort of get stuck towards the wash, east anglia, heading into the wash, east anglia, heading into the south—east of england, and continuing to bring this damp weather towards the west country. but to the north that i think there will be a fair bit of sunshine around, there will be a few light showers coming in around the northern and western coasts. 13 or 14 northern and western coasts. 13 or 1a again for scotland and northern ireland, a touch warmer than that for england and wales. maybe 18 or 19 if we get some sunshine in kent and also sussex. but that band of cloud are still around through the evening and overnight. the rain and drizzle i think will peter out by this stage. we will have clearer skies elsewhere and it is going to
get quite chilly, actually. we could well get a touch of frost in some rural parts of eastern scotland and also north—east england by thursday morning. this cloud could be a bit ofa morning. this cloud could be a bit of a nuisance across southern england. it may develop again into the midlands and later on we will see some cloud coming into the north—west of scotland. elsewhere, lots of sunshine. light winds, it is a quiet autumn day. temperatures may bea a quiet autumn day. temperatures may be a bit lower on thursday but still 12 to perhaps 16 degrees at best. high pressure, then. again we will see a little bit more mist than fog forming overnight ahead of another weather front coming into that area of high pressure. most of the rain will be across the highlands and islands of scotland is that weather front islands of scotland is that weather fro nt m oves islands of scotland is that weather front moves south eastwards. it wea ke ns, front moves south eastwards. it weakens, the rain tending to peter out, more a band of cloud, most of england and wales having a dry day. there will be some sunshine after that coalition sort of start and those temperatures will be up to 17 or 18 celsius —— coolish sort of start. some sunshine to end the day in scotland and northern ireland and then that weather front moves away.
another one comes in off the atlantic. again it is pretty weak, because essentially high pressure is dominating most of us. the warm front will bring some rain and drizzle, most of it over the hills of western scotland and perhaps over the cumbrians cells. quite mild for the cumbrians cells. quite mild for the time of year and there will be some sunshine further south where it looks like being dry on saturday —— fells. those temperatures are slightly above average for the time of year, and that is where it will stay for the second half of the weekend. by this stage we've got the cooled front. that will bring some more persistent rain across the north—west of scotland the northern isles. not much for the west of scotla nd isles. not much for the west of scotland or northern ireland, england and wales having a dry weekend with some sunshine times. now, that band of cloud and what rain will push its way south overnight and by the time to get on monday it is a north—west in the breeze. a little bit cooler and fresher but those at atlantic winds returning as we head into tuesday. essentially we've got high pressure dominating our weather. that is ever
present through the rest of this weekend in the next week as well. it means all the weather front steer around that area of high pressure and the northern parts of the uk will receive any rain. the wettest of the weather through next week is going to be over the western side of scotland. the many other areas that may well be a dry few days. there will be some sunshine at times. whether winds fall light we will see some patchy mist than fog in the morning but pretty mild for the time of year. hello. this is bbc news. we'll be taking a look at tomorrow mornings papers in a moment — first the headlines. us secretary of state mike pompeo says that saudi leaders strongly denied any knowledge of what happened to missing journalist jamal khashoggi. the cabinet meets before tomorrow's crucial eu summit on brexit as brussels tells theresa may she needs to come up with concrete proposals to break the deadlock. a further delay to the rollout of the government's flagship welfare