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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 31, 2018 9:00pm-9:30pm GMT

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this is bbc news. i'm lukwesa burak. the headlines at 9pm: theresa may backs the call from the united states for a ceasefire in yemen within 30 days. the turkish authorities say jamal khashoggi was strangled as soon as he entered the saudi consulate in istanbul. scientists in switzerland have developed a spinal implant that enables people who had previously been considered permanently paralysed to walk again temporarily. channel 4 chooses leeds over birmingham and greater manchester for its new headquarters. and maori cloaks for harry and meghan as they conclude their tour of new zealand. good evening and welcome to bbc news.
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theresa may has added her backing to the united states‘ demand for a ceasefire and peace talks in yemen within 30 days. the civil war in yemen is now into its third year. it's a conflict that has created the world's worst humanitarian crisis, with millions at risk of starvation. america, along with britain and france, has supported the saudis who are helping yemen's government fight houthi rebels. our international correspondent orla guerin hasjust returned from yemen. a warning — her report contains some distressing material. in yemen, it has come to this. more than three years of war have brought the nation to the brink of famine. we filmed these distressing images earlier this month. after years of inaction, there is a new sense of urgency and from the united states a new push for peace. 30 days from now, we want to see everybody around a peace table
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based on a ceasefire, based on a pull—back from the border, and then based on ceasing dropping of bombs, that will permit the special envoy, martin griffiths, who is very good, he knows what he is doing, to get them together in sweden and end this war. a war that keeps filling new graves. here, for 42 schoolboys killed by the saudi—led coalition in august. we met survivors of the devastating air strike, one more attack which raised concern internationally about the saudi bombing campaign in yemen. but if a turning point is coming, it may be because of the brutal killing by saudi officials of the dissident saudi journalist jamal khashoggi. that in turn increased the pressure on key saudi allies and arms suppliers, like the us and britain. the prime minister today emphasising
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the need for a lasting peace deal. a nationwide ceasefire will only have an effect on the ground if it is underpinned by a political deal between the conflict parties, and my right honourable friend the foreign secretary discussed this matter with martin griffiths the un special envoy last night. they agreed the uk will continue to encourage all parties to agree to de—escalation. but will yemen's houthi rebels be willing to come to the negotiating table? on a walkabout in sana'a this month, this senior leader seems to be in no hurry for talks and was dismissive of peace efforts by the un envoy, martin griffiths. translation: we are always ready for the peace talks, but i don't think they will be successful. i have told martin they will not have positive results. for now, the houthis have a tight group on the capital and most of the populated areas of the country. it's unclear if they or the saudis
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will be ready to compromise. 0rla guerin, bbc news, sana'a. david miliband, the former labour politician and current head of the ngo called the international rescue committee, welcomed the calls for a ceasefire. here is what he has to say. this american move is a chink of light in a very dark tunnel. 14 million people are on the brink of famine in yemen, and it's imperative that the british government break out of their inertia, notjust call for a ceasefire, but table a resolution at united nations security council and initiate practical measures to alleviate the suffering and stop the geopolitical catastrophe that is being created in yemen. i think the american move has been driven by frustration with the failure of the war strategy. four years too late, they've realised that bombing civilians is not going to win a war. i think it's also important that the khashoggi murder has highlighted the abuse of power at the heart of the international
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order and raised profound questions for the us about its ally the saudi arabians. it's very worrying that the british government until yesterday was maintaining a position that a cease—fire was the wrong thing to do. britain holds the pen at the un security council on the yemen file, and it is imperative that they pick up that pen, start writing with it the kind of political measures and also practical measures to stop yemen becoming a tinderbox at the heart of the middle east. a reminder that on bbc news later tonight we'll be taking a close look at tomorrow's front pages. the papers will be on this evening at10:40pm and 11:30pm. our guests will be torcuil crichton, westminster editor for the daily record, and nicola bartlett, political correspondent at the mirror. turkish officials have given their first official statement on how saudi journalist jamal khashoggi was killed in the saudi embassy in istanbul.
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the chief prosecutor in istanbul gave a news conference earlier today. he said the murder was planned and asked his saudi counterpart to give answers as to who gave the order to kill mr khashoggi. 0ur correspondent mark lowen gave this update from istanbul. well, we had today the first offical confirmation really from the istanbul chief prosecutor that jamal khasoggi was strangled as soon as he entered the saudi consulate here behind me and that his body was dismembered and then destroyed, raising the question of whether his remains will ever really be found. that also backs up what a senior western official has told the bbc which is that whenjamal khasoggi entered the building, a hood was put over his head, he had a very violent blow to the head and that he was indeed choked to death. a man who was told he would spend the rest of his life in a wheelchair has walked again
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thanks to extraordinary work by scientists in switzerland. the 30—year—old, who was left paralysed after a martial arts accident, has had an implant attached to his spine which boosts the signals from his brain to his legs. and incredibly, some of the damaged nerves have regrown. another man who had a cycling accident has also regained some mobility. pallab ghosh reports from switzerland. david's doctor said he'd never work again. now among the foothills of the alps, he's able to travel more than half a mile. and implant around his spine has changed his life. to me, it means a lot. i think you've got to try to do the impossible to make the possible possible. i'm surprised over and over again when we really get there. it's a lot of fun, and it feels very good. this is david training with his implant a year ago. "stim on" means it's turned on. when it's turned off, he can't move. back on, and he continues to walk. nerves in the spinal—cord send
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signals from the brain to the legs. some people are paralysed when they're damaged through injury. in most cases, there's still a small signal, but it's too weak to create movement. the implant boosts the signal, enabling david to walk. not only that, the restored movement seems to repair some of the damaged nerves. and here's the result. david walks eight paces with the implant turned off. what was very unexpected was the spinal—cord repair that we have observed. and we need to understand the underlying mechanism. what we have observed in animal model, it seems that nerve fibres are growing again, that they are reconnecting the brain to the spinal—cord. david had his implant surgically inserted by one of switzerland's leading neurosurgeons. a chronic case, he was paralysed seven years ago after a sporting accident. i've been working in
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the neuroscience now for a long time, and i know that when you have a spinal—cord injury, after a while, if there is no progress, it will remain like this, so what i noticed for the first time is a change, even in a chronic state, and that's, for me, something completely new. outside of the lab in the real world, it's much harderfor david. without his electrical stimulation, he can only walk a few paces, so it's far away from being a cure. but the research does demonstrate that paralysis can be reversed, at least to some degree. the big question is by how much. sebastien had a cycling accident. before he came to work with the swiss team, he had no movement in his legs. but now he can ride his bike, which is powered mostly by his hand movements, but also by his legs. such a feeling of freedom. everything is working together, and that helps you to be healthy for the rest of the day, the rest of the week
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and the rest of your life. stim on. robotic voice: 0k, start message send to implant. david and sebastian are the first patients to have benefited from the treatment. they can't keep the stimulation on all the time because it's too uncomfortable for long periods and the system isn't ready yet for everyday use. researchers say in the journal nature they hope to improve the system and it can be tested in the uk and other parts of the world in three years' time. pallab ghosh, bbc news, lausanne. leeds has been chosen as the location for the new national headquarters for channel 4. greater manchester and birmingham had also been in the running. bristol and glasgow have been selected as new creative hubs for the organisation. around 200 staff will be moved out of london to the new hubs, although channel 4 will also retain its presence in the capital. alex mahon, who's the chief executive of channel 4, has been explaining why
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leeds was picked. first of all, think about what we're trying to do as channel 4. we want to spend a quarter of a billion of money extra howson of london, said update national headquarters to help us update national headquarters to help us do that, step the senior decision makers from channel 4 and anyone to get the news to co—locate with us so we can cover more news from outside of light, which has not been done before. and we sent out a process for this with a rigorous, clear criteria and we felt that leeds would help us with this. is it more about what leeds can either channel 4 about what leeds can either channel liare about what leeds can either channel 4 are what channel 4 can differ leeds? it is about what channel 4 can do for the uk? is about diversity and inclusion and how to present all of the uk and we felt that leeds will help us to the best. he gives us covers that leeds will help us to the best. he gives us covers across that leeds will help us to the best. he gives us covers across the north, northwest and northeast and us to work with our independent production
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partners and allows us to represent an entirely different part different pa rt an entirely different part different part of the uk. outside of news coverage about what difference will it any the viewer see? i've pay for us it any the viewer see? i've pay for us it is about how is the net to £50 million across everywhere in the uk and that leeds will help us deliver that, it will help us bring in decision—makers from elsewhere in the uk with different opinions, and the uk with different opinions, and the call for us is how do we reflect on screen the values him and the cultures, the communities of different people across the uk and not just different people across the uk and notjust in london. and bristol and glasgow, what did they have? bristol and glasgow help us to ensure we can spend all of that tuesday me and pounds across the uk. they give us coverage, bristol across the southwest and across cardiff in wales, and glasgow across all of scotla nd wales, and glasgow across all of scotland and the north and have us we re scotland and the north and have us were with many production partners as we possibly can. and again, they are bringing different communities, different communities, different cultures and diverse regions. what
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actually is a creative hub? it sounds very impressive. what is the nuts and bolts of it? the call for us nuts and bolts of it? the call for us is spreading senior creative decision—makers outside of london for the first time. this is a really civic and move in terms of the commissioners, the boy to make decisions about programmes being based outside of london. how hard a decision was it to make for you and the board? it was a decision for the executive and recommendation to the board decided upon it unanimously today and it was incredibly tight. i decide all of the semifinals, particularly birmingham cardiff, alongside of course bristol and glasgow and glasgow and the channel 4, put in strong proposals but ultimately we had three clear winners in terms of leeds and bristol and glasgow. experts are continuing to investigate the helicopter crash in leicester on saturday which killed five people, including the owner of the city's football club. investigators are considering the theory that the aircraft's tail
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rota suffered some kind of failure. with me in the studio is david gleave, chief executive of aviation safety investigations. i should point out first although we are not showing this footage. if people want to view the footage, it is on our website, but you have seen it. what do you take from it? the initial liftoff looks fine in the stadium, and then declines and vertically quite happily, and then asi vertically quite happily, and then as i would expect, the helicopter to move to florida to the stadium, it suddenly starts to rotate around and around and around and around. the tail rotor system is designed to stop the helicopter from twisting as it generates a list, then the main road is turning around and there is a reaction to that for the helicopter. so a little propeller on the back keeps the helicopter straight. if it fails, the helicopter to twist around uncontrollably. in looking call said failure? anything from a mechanical
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failure, a drone flying into it, a bird strike, also sorts of things we looked at. nothing would discount it, even the tail rotor factor, they will do everything in the above model as to what could have gone wrong as they investigate me and close out and say it was not that. they will look for the mechanical parts, the cricket committee video recorders and the data recorders on board the aeroplane. once you lose control of that tail rotor, what can the pilot do? very little at that stage. it is the main critical failure on a helicopter. if that occurs, then i was certainly in many cases with many helicopters, that is the end of the flight.|j cases with many helicopters, that is the end of the flight. i was looking at this footage and you can see the helicopter climbed quite a way up and then very clearly it does start to spend. it is very uncomfortable viewing which is why we are not shoving it now on bbc news. so what happens next in a typical air
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accident investigation? in particular helicopters. is there a difference? my major civic indifference. they will form a team and invite others of abroad to represent the government of those countries for the manufacturer. some parts are built in the uk, some in italy and various other places like that. if they think the ages are wanted, they will contact the engine manufacturer in astoria representative from the government department there tojoin representative from the government department there to join the investigation. they were covered the data and cockpit voice recorder. that is the combined unit in a helicopter and it will be downloaded as it usually is an analyst look at that. there'll be engineers looking at the mechanical possibilities of the wreckage. and there'll be a psychologist looking at the human factors. wasn't a problem with the pilot blinded by the floodlights on the football stadium ? all those different areas of investigation will open up. they look at the weather, the wind, all sorts of different bits and pieces in a
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gradually illuminate various possibilities at that stage. they have recovered the black box, haven't they? is normalfor us not to hear anything from recovery to now? it takes for the time to download that and they need to make sure that each piece of recorded information is in fact correct. never get the wires or wrong way round recorded leftist of right and things like that. later on, they may use a video that is on the website and can balance a bill and animation of the things like that. so maybe after about a month, they will choose to issue a factual report which is not containing any analysis but just as what they have which is not containing any analysis butjust as what they have done so farand butjust as what they have done so far and what they are going to do in the future. and then six months to two years or maybe even longer the ability to continue the investigation, they will publish the full report. we often hear of helicopter crashes and in most cases, they are fatal. just how safe are they? they are in general less safe tha n are they? they are in general less safe than fixed wing aeroplane, your conventional aeroplane. safe than fixed wing aeroplane, your conventionalaeroplane. 0riginally,
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helicopters were introduced because it was safer than going by boat on the north sea to an oil rig. yes, they are certainly an exciting way to fly but they are in general less safe slightly than fixed wing aeroplanes. are you in a position to tell us your gut feeling from your position? from nvidia, the likelihood it looks like he will be some part of the tail rotor system over the part that drives that will be delighted to it. thank you very much, fascinating. a british pharmaceutical company has been charged following an investigation into the deaths and illnesses of babies at a number of hospitals. ith pharma faces seven counts of supplying a medicinal product which was not of the nature or quality specified. it's also been charged with breaching the health and safety act. ith pharma says it will defend the case vigorously. the foreign secretary has announced what he has referred as "the biggest expansion of britain's diplomatic
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network for a generation". this evening, jeremy hunt announced that he will recruit 1000 more diplomatic staff and will open new embassies in africa and south east asia. he set out his agenda aimed at strengtening the foreign office after brexit at a speech in central london. 0ur diplomatic correspondent james landale was there. what the foreign secretary was doing was essentially saying what on earth is britain and its diplomatic service going to do in the years when it leaves the european union? because the government has this policy called global britain but no
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one has ever really been quite sure what it means in practise. what he is trying to do today is flesh that out and say look at how britain deals with the changing world, as a threat to democratic values, where there is the rise of countries like china and india, where increasingly there are people who are challenging the international rules based order. in other words, the system that has been in place since world war ii. part of the solution is that jeremy hunt said britain should think about is actually improving its diplomacy. so improving the language that britain diplomats speak, having more of them in more parts of the world. and perhaps even recruiting some ambassadors from outside the civil service, look into the private sectorfor some things. that was part of his answer. and he is hiring 1000 more and it costs a lot of money but i asked him about that and the foreign secretary said that he has gotten a bit within existing budgets to pay for that over the next ten years or so.
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he was really pushed onto jamal khasoggi as well this meeting, wasn't he? yeah, i mean, the government is always asked about how they will respond and it always just to say let's wait and see how what happens when the turks and saudis finally finish their investigation and what happens next. but the foreign secretary was pushed on that and the moment he was holding position and saying get the stories that have been reported in the community are true, then that will be utterly shocking on behalf of the country to british values but he also said britain's response needs to be consideration and should not be taken quickly. this is what he had to say. we have to be clear that this kind of thing is completely unacceptable. and we have to respond accordingly. and i do not think we are quite at the point where the turkish investigation, and i think it is kind of a turkish and saudi investigation that seems to be more driven by the turkish side than the saudi side, i do not think we are at the point where it is concluded completely. but what i said very clearly in the house of commons last week is that the way we react will in part be decided by whether there is a credible
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response from saudi arabia that gives us the confidence that this kind of thing cannot and will not happen again. and so that is what we will wait to see before we judge our response. and that of course is the big question is how the saudis are going to respond to that, will they show enough accountability, take enough responsibility for what happened, will there be any changes to the way the power structures exist within the royal court, does the de facto leader of saudi arabia have his wings clipped in any way? how the saudis do respond to that will shape the british and the american response. the prime minister and the chancellor have been meeting with over 100 business leaders this evening to discuss this week's budget. it's a traditional event, but it had extra significance with theresa may joining philip hammond as brexit continues to dominate. our business editor simonjack was at the meeting at london's guildhall. so what we're looking
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at here is about 100 or so of the great and the good from the business world who are here to listen to the chancellor and also unusually hearfrom the prime minister and the significance of this event is it is a much bigger event than what we would usually have. there would usually be 30 or a0 on the afternoon of the budget. they have both a bigger venue here at the guildall and the significance of that is after a couple of years of being complaining about being outside the tent, their voices not being listened to, the government is very keen to let business know, to reassure them that their voices are important both in pursuing this budget and also the big challenges of brexit present around the corner. i think we are all very happy about the future prospects of britain. regional inequality featured very highly. they're looking for more money to be spent across the region. and one of your big focuses?
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one of our focuses as well. there was a sense that they have got their mojo back. there is assured confidence from both of them that brexit negotiations will go well, so we will get a good solution and they will go through parliament in a reasonably smooth way. and there was just an air of confidence that we did not see in 2017 but we're certainly seeing in 2018. can i grab you also? nigel wilson saying there is a new sense of confidence that the government has its mojo back, everyone felt in a pretty good mood, better to be back inside the tent instead of being on the outside. and it was better to be feeling inside the tent and also i think the recognition of the uncertainty that businesses are feeling and that this will last some time.
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there is not a lot of government can do about that other than say we are going to crack on it and get it resolved. so i thought it was a pretty confident and well timed event. and just in the budget, some people say the chancellor is taking a bit of a gamble here, a big checque in the post and spend it all in one go, all in the same as we job. it's a budget written by number ten and not number 11. not true. i think there is plenty of power. there is pent—up demand for investing in the uk. again over the uncertainty of an export by both of you is the demand coming through and more spending right across the uk. we have events of so many years, there is a real sense of confidence in the government outside of london more
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than inside london. and i think we will see that evidence in 2019 and 2020. we are business leaders, we are made to be cynical and mentally plan for risk, i am planning as aston martin, lam planning for a hard brexit, not a no deal but a hard brexit. and then basically if you want, we plan for the worst and hope for the best. the duke and duchess of sussex have been visiting a kiwi breeding centre in new zealand on the final day of their pacific tour. the royal couple spoke to local conservationists and enjoyed a public walkabout. johnny dymond has been with prince harry and meghan throughout their trip. welcome to rotorua, your royal highness. he may have had a tribal robe... but the haka that greeted harry and meghan had a blood—chilling power. after that, tentative steps took the couple inside. he speaks in maori. there, he gave maori a try and got a warm reception. cheering and applause. this area has been a draw for tourists for many a year, but harry and meghan didn't come here for the famous thermal waters.
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they came instead to affirm that their trip to new zealand is for everyone, new and old. i think we have a very strong connection to british culture. if you look at some of our tribalflags, we actually have the unionjack sitting in the corner. it'sjust a reminder, i suppose, every time that we have a visitor come in, hey, we have this special kind of connection that's quite unique in the world, really. after the tribal ceremony, more tradition. a final royal walkabout on this last day of their tour. once again, the big crowds, old and young... flowers for the expectant mum... and some practise for harry at controlling wayward children. whose child is this? there you go. at the end of the day, the end of the trip, some peace and some time together.
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for meghan, at least 1a weeks pregnant, a tiring tour. so how was the trip? "pretty great," says harry. pretty great. thanks, guys. johnny dymond, bbc news, rotorua. hello. any trick—or—treaters out and about this evening may it is nowhere near as cold still a frost with one or two showers around the mind you. elsewhere, but showers outbreaks of ranking exhibitors up and for some, not far from double figures. along with frost in parts of western scotland but patchy fog and especially in northern ireland, some of freezing fog patches into the morning. here and in scotland, things will turn sunnier during the day and a few showers running into western parts, one or two popping up
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of three wells and western areas of england. the in the east will be slow to clear from the eastern fringes of a1. when i do so for some here until after dark. so billy winn today but west— northwest amara and temperatures may come down a degree 01’ temperatures may come down a degree or sign temperatures may come down a degree orsign up and temperatures may come down a degree or sign up and we get some sunshine, that always helps and then widespread frost ticket holders thursday night. this is bbc world news america. reporting from washington, i'm jane 0'brien. six days, eight states, eleven stops. president trump is on a midterm dash that all kicks off tonight. the us demands a ceasefire and peace talks in yemen within 30 days. can it bring an end to the world's worst humanitarian crisis? and from hairspray to the museum hall. directorjohn waters has always been known for his signature style and now his art is on display in baltimore. welcome to our viewers on public television in america
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and around the world. fuel up the plane — president trump is going on a midterm blitz.


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