i'm rico hizon in singapore, the headlines: with the rise of fake news, a major new bbc series investigates how disinformation on social media poses a deadly global threat. the ron noticed parts of this country now have access to internet and whatsapp and a lot of these people are not digitally literate so they will believe whatever they see on whatsapp. as evidence suggests that people have less and less faith in news around the world, we look at the reasons. the bbc‘s beyond fake news project fights back. i'm ben bland in london. also in the programme. commemorating one hundred years since the armistice that ended the first world war. in paris, world leaders put aside their differences, to unite in remembrance. a unique tribute to victims of the war —
the face of the poet wilfred owen etched in sand on britain's coastline. it's 8am in singapore, midnight in london and 5.30 am in india where we begin our season on the challenges of disinformation and fake news. the bbc has conducted a major study into the spread of fake news and the psychology behind it. its results will be used to help the search for solutions. for the first time, this study looked inside encrypted messaging apps. and that's because in india, rumours spread via whatsapp have already had terrible consequences.
like the didgeridoo. he was more like the didgeridoo. he was more like a brother to me. we almost share everything that goes on in our life. he was very spiritual. he believed in healing the world through love. but somewhere, when we saw him, will he ended his life. translation: people here are very afraid of hopadora. when it gets dark, the men come out and start protecting the village. translation: i have heard from children that these messages of child kidnappers are circulating on whatsapp. they were carrying sickles, knives
and sticks. the mob started shouting, child lifter, child! the atmosphere was so tense that not even god could have saved them. we got videos immediately almost. people started sending it where he was crying, and he was shouting, shouting at the top of this voice. when i got this call, it was horrific. and the very moment when
he pulled me in, ifroze. translation: my whole life is destroyed after my son's debt. i wish god had taken my life sol didn't have to see this day. justice! justice! justice! justice! the primary issue is that of governance and not technology. the technology will keep advancing and society needs to keep up with it and the government'sjob society needs to keep up with it and the government's job is society needs to keep up with it and the government'sjob is to rate since the population can keep up. throughout this week, bbc world news will be exploring
the issues around misinformation in its beyond fake news season. you can follow the debate and find out about the latest research after users gave the bbc unprecedented access to their messaging apps in india, kenya and nigeria on the bbc world news website. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. the governor of california is urging president trump to declare two huge wildfires as a major disaster, which would free up more funding for the emergency response. 25 people are now known to have died. peter bowes joins us with the latest from la. peter, with the latest from la. where are we up to. is th fire peter, where are we up to. is the fire spreading or are they starting to contain it? they are slowly starting to contain these two huge fires in northern california and the
south, closer to los angeles. there are south, closer to los angeles. there a re close south, closer to los angeles. there are close to the city of malibu, probably the most famous of all the cities affected, a favourite of celebrities, still completely evacuated as are several other neighbouring cities because the fire does continue to spread, it is about 10% contained which really isn't very much. further north to the town of paradise, where the vast majority of paradise, where the vast majority of people, 23, died so far but as recently as this morning, they were saving up to 110 people remained missing in that part of california and the operation to find potentially bodies in the degree, in the ashes, is extremely difficult because the fire was so fierce and it's a desolate land the firefighters are trying to work through now to dampen down the embers and continue fighting the fire which is about 25% contained. peter, moment, thank you. —— for the
moment. also making news today. israeli troops have clashed with hamas militants in gaza. the fighting took place east of the khan yunis area of the gaza strip. palestinian health officials say six people were killed — one of them was said to be a senior hamas military commander. a 50—year—old woman from brisbane is due in court on monday after being arrested in a police investigation into contaminated strawberries. since september, there have been dozens of alleged incidents of sewing needles found hidden in fruit, sparking a nationwide panic. sir lanka's president maithripala sirisena has defended his controverial decision to dismiss parliament. he said there could have been violent clashes between mps in the chamber if it had met. the political crisis began when he sacked the prime minister, ranil wickramasinghe, last month. he's called snap elections next january. a funding campaign has raised almost $72,000 to help a homeless man who tried to stop a knife—wielding attacker in melbourne.
michael rogers earned the nickname the trolley man after ramming the man repeatedly with a shopping cart. the suspect was later shot by police. back now to our main news — the spread of fake news in india, where millions of people communicate and share messages on social media. but false messages have also led to several deaths by mob lynchings this year. i spoke to krzysztof iwanek who's an expert on social media in india and writes for the the diplomat magazine. he told me how wide—ranging the problem is. obviously, this is very disturbing and this unfortunately is not an isolated incident, there were a few such incidents in india in may although i would say that fake news as such are not the core issue here,
the core issue are the social tensions that are exploited by certain groups through fake news and through facebook and whatsapp and so on. these social tensions have been exploited on social media platforms but of course we also have to look at the social media platform, particularly whatsapp, and it has put in place some key safeguards restricting a number of words in a message. in your view, restricting a number of words in a message. in yourview, is restricting a number of words in a message. in your view, is this the solution, apart from the social tensions, to avoid this happening ain? tensions, to avoid this happening again? no. obviously in my view, this will not help. whatsapp has, for example, limited the number of words you can use, especially in india but you can't ban the
internet, not in india, so even if you get in future a very limited whatsapp, people will simply move on toa whatsapp, people will simply move on to a different platform. so the social media platforms basically add fuel to the fire, to these social tensions that are happening in every country. yes, certainly i would say that fake news is a global problem, not only in india, but china is the most populous country in the world but it has a restricted internet so now india is the number one country when it comes to users of internet so obviously whatsapp is not to blame, it's just that the sheer number of information spread in india means thatjust like everywhere else, you just have to have a degree of fake news and yes, they fuel is certain tensions that
are bearing the society outside the internet. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme. former british foreign minister borisjohnson accuses prime minister teresa may of total surrender to the eu in the latest spat over her brexit plans. also on the programme: faces in the sand — the centenary project paying a unique tribute to british victims of the first world war. the bombastic establishment outsider donald trump has defied the pollsters to take the keys to the oval office. i feel great about the election results. i voted for him because i genuinely believe that he cares about the country. it's keeping the candidate's name always in the public eye that counts.
success or failure depends not only on public display, but on the local campaign headquarters, and the heavy, routine work of their women volunteers. berliners from both east and west linked hands and danced round their liberated territory. and with nobody to stop them, it wasn't long before the first attempts were made to destroy the structure itself. yasser arafat, who dominated the palestinian cause for so long, has died. the palestinian authority has declared a state of mourning. after 17 years of discussion, the result was greeted with an outburst ofjoy. women ministers, who'd long felt only grudgingly accepted among the ranks of clergy, suddenly felt welcomed. welcome back everyone. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon in singapore.
iam ben i am ben bland iam ben bland in i am ben bland in london. our top stories: as the rise of fake news poses a global threat the bbc begins a major new series the global threat of fake news. the leaders of germany and france have warned of the dangers of a rising tide of nationalism, on the hundredth anniversary of the end of the first world war. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. the front page of the straits times reports on the preparations being made for the 33rd asean summit which opens in singapore this week. it says about 5000 police willjoin the massive security operation for the five—day event which will host a number of world leaders including russia's vladimir putin. the new york times has a front page story on the challenges facing google. the paper reports on the comments of sundar pichair, the indian engineer responsible for the compa ny‘s
products and platforms. the south china morning post comments on the record spending of chinese consumers during singles day. it has a photo of the moment the alibaba group reached sales of $31 billion us — that's an increase of 27% on last years figure. —— year's. and those are the papers. borisjohnson has accused britain's prime minister of a "total surrender" in the brexit negotiations. the former british forien secrtetary claims theresa may is forcing through a deal that would keep britain locked in the eu's customs union after brexit. writing in his weekly column in the telegraph newspaper on sunday he urged the prime minister to change course and go for a clean break with the bloc. earlier i spoke to our political correspondent ben wright who says mrjohnson‘s criticisms come at a critical time in the negotiations. his full meeting here with real
passion and i think frustration. he is the lead voice of the brexiteers, the people who wanted britain to go down this path. —— fulminating. they are calling it a betrayal and are seen as a craven surrender to the european union by keeping the uk much closer to the eu than the brexiteers want. the current plan is for theresa may to try to get a withdrawal deal with the eu that it looks like at the moment keeps the uk in looks like at the moment keeps the ukina looks like at the moment keeps the uk in a customs union with the eu and to avoid a hard border on the island of ireland. it reckons is a need to be made. the brexiteers are furious and they see that their
cause is being betrayed. on the other hand, theresa may is under increasing attack from people who wa nted increasing attack from people who wanted britain to stay in the european union and didn't want brexit. ironically, it was boris johnson's brother, joe, remain, who resigned from the government on friday, saying that britain will become, after brexit, a colony, a rule ta ke become, after brexit, a colony, a rule take from the eu with a voice over how rules are made. theresa may is under daily attack power. there is under daily attack power. there isa is under daily attack power. there is a sense of living to live across as with very little time to go, both for the government to nail down a deal with the eu, but then to try and get through parliament. and that was political correspondants and right. —— correspondent ben wright. events to mark the centenary of the end of world war one have been taking place around the world. in paris around 70 world leaders attended a service at the tomb of the unknown soldier, at the arc de triomphe. there president macron urged a rejection of nationalism, warning that old demons were coming
back to the surface. our europe editor katya adler reports. grief flows unchecked across borders. regret knows no frontiers. presidents and heads of government of most of the 80 countries involved in the first world war came here to paris today to remember the slaughtered millions of the first truly global conflict. president macron's message above all others at this commemoration, we are in this together, in our past, our present and our future. no opportunity was wasted for the french president to drive his internationalist message home. he urged action at a time when he said old demons were resurfacing in europe and beyond. translation: patriotism is the exact opposite of nationalism. nationalism is a betrayal of patriotism. by saying, i come first, who cares about the others? we erase what nations holds dearest, what gives it life, what makes it great, and what's most important of all is moral values. but not everyone here is on the same
page as emmanuel macron. united in their pledge of never again today, the world leaders gathered here have starkly competing visions when it comes to how to avoid future conflict. let's stick together and work together, insists emmanuel macron, and vladimir putin and donald trump applauded him politely today, but for them a strong and sovereign nation state certainly comes first. winston churchill once said, "those who do not learn from history are condemned to repeat it." in an attempt to boost international cooperation,
president macron today launched an annual peace forum, mirroring the paris peace conference that followed the first world war. i think it is important that we all remember that we can never take peace for granted and that we have to learn lessons from the past. some of those institutions built after the first and second world wars, the un, the european union, nato, some of those institutions are under pressure. the sounds, symbols and searing memories of the great war echoed across europe today. this was ypres in belgium, site of some of the most blood—soa ked battlefields. then this evening, just as dusk was falling, british and commonwealth veterans, survivors of more recent conflicts gathered together in the paris cathedral of notre dame. remembering a world war with sadness, praying for world peace in hope.
remembrance day, church services — and events also took place across great britain. in london, prince charles led the tributes to the nation's war dead, laying a wreath at the cenotaph, on behalf of the queen, with the prime minister, politicial leaders and for the first time the president of germany, all in attendance. remembrance services were held across the country, including at llandaff cathedral in cardiff, glasgow cathedral and st anne's cathedral in belfast. the commemorations saw a unique memorial to those who lost their lives, with portraits of servicemen and women etched into the sand round britain's coastline. duncan kennedy reports. the piercing eyes of a celebrated war poet, today etched onto the very beach he had once left on his way to battle and death. for wilfred owen, a shoreline for embarkation, this morning became a canvas of commemoration. the project has been organised by the film director danny boyle, who says the face is a metaphorfor tragedy. look, it's wonderful that there are permanent structures
that will outlive us and outlast us, but i thought it was a good way to reflect on our own, um, time here, you know, which is temporary, really. as the tide ebbed away, artists crafted the contours of the face. hundreds of people took in the imagery, the symbolism, and reflected on loss and sacrifice. it feels very much like he's here and he's alive and he is, as you say, representing so many people, really special. really special. the stares of the fallen gazed out from 31 other beaches too. at moray in scotland, captain charles sorley, dead at 20. in northumberland, private william jonas, who perished at the somme. archiejewell, here in cornwall, survived the titanic, only to be killed by a german u—boat. in lincolnshire, lieutenant basil hicks died on the first day of the battle of loos. in fife, doctor elsie inglis who helped wounded french soldiers. while in thornby, volunteers spoke of their admiration for captain john armitage, who fell fighting at arras. to see the turnout and the particularly the last post
and so many people quiet and paying their respects tojohn armitage and first world war casualties, it's truly quite remarkable. eventually, the waters of impatient tides rolled in across each face, like the tears of a lost generation, masked by the waves but enduring in memory. you have been watching newsday. i'm ben bland in london. and it is great to be back on
newsday. i am and it is great to be back on newsday. iam rico and it is great to be back on newsday. i am rico hizon in singapore. stay with us. ali baba's singles day hits a fresh sales record but growth slows. so is it meant to last? more on that on asia business report. rico hizon, great to see you and excellent have you back us. and great to have you with us as well. plenty more to come. stay with us. hello. the week ahead will be a model for this time of year, even if we start on a fresh note for some. but it is a week that starts the way there we can finish, with a blustery showers around, particularly in the south and west. low pressure with us. rising helping with the shower
clouds. this weather system across northern france will be close enough for the south—east and east anglia. as they look loud stops some morning sunshine. the prisoners in the south—west, so southern and western counties of the country, with showers for the morning commute. showers building in south—west scotland. much of north—west england and scotland side dry. the north of scotla nd and scotland side dry. the north of scotland does cross posting. for most of frost free week. showers in the west will push a bit further north and east given the strength of the breeze. there we parts of the midlands or a north—east england, northern scotland, northern ireland governor will stay completely or almost completely dry throughout the day. to britain's i2— 11! degrees. still higher than it should be this time of year. and it will be one of the cooler days of the week. going through monday night and into tuesday, a few more showers will push eastwards. the wind switches to
more of a westerly direction into the morning. it will be a cool night. averages dunedoo single figures. most will be frost free thanks to the breeze as mist tuesday. the kit which is the athabaska tuesday. the kit which is the atha baska atha baska bump tuesday. the kit which is the athabaska athabaska bump in the pressure pattern. a writ of high pressure pattern. a writ of high pressure puts a cap in the atmosphere and stop some of the show from building. a few around atmosphere and stop some of the show from building. afew around in atmosphere and stop some of the show from building. a few around in the western begin with. but for the most, most will have a dry day with temperatures similar to those on monday. but the breeze will die down limit. our press the red in northern western parts of the uk, is resista nt west western parts of the uk, is resistant west of scotland and across scotland. across the board, he sunshine or rain, a mother if the time of year. and it is across the missionaries of scotland, northern england, and is the buzz of northern ireland, with temperatures around 16 or 17 degrees. and we stick with a
minor seem as we go through to the end of the week. high pressure builds of the live across continental europe are giving weather fronts to the west, keeping things dry, and given that southerly airflow, so the format will remain with us. but as winds get lighter letter in the week, at a greater risk of minsk and from fall. —— mist and fog fall. i'm ben bland with bbc news. our top story: how to stop the spread of fake news — a major new season from the bbc joins the search for solutions. around the globe, misinformation has been seen to cause social and political harm, with people having less trust in the news, and in some cases being subjected to violence or death as a result. the leaders of france and germany have warned of the dangers posed by the resurgence of nationalism, on the hundredth anniversary of the end of the first world war. and this video is trending on bbc.com. it shows giant portraits of soldiers who died in world war i etched across uk beaches to mark 100 years since the conflict ended.