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tv   BBC News at One  BBC News  November 26, 2018 1:00pm-1:31pm GMT

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the prime minister warns of division and uncertainty if mps oppose her brexit deal. theresa may chairs a meeting of the cabinet as she begins a campaign to sell the deal, insisting it's the best one available. i'll have all the latest from here at westminster where the prime minister will make a statement to the house this afternoon. also this lunchtime... matthew hedges, the academic jailed on spying charges in the united arab emirates, has been pardoned, and could be home tomorrow. nato calls an emergency meeting after russia seizes three ukrainian navy vessels off the coast of crimea. scientists are hoping to land a spacecraft on mars, the first to explore what the planet's made of. and the oscar winning director of the last emperor and last tango in paris, bernardo bertolucci, has died at the age of 77. and coming up on bbc news,
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england claim a series whitewash over sri lanka — only the third time they've done that away from home in history, winning the third test in colombo by 42 runs. good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one. theresa may has held a meeting of the cabinet as she begins a two—week push to convince the country, and mp5, to get behind her brexit deal. the prime minister has warned that rejecting the agreement with brussels would throw the country into "division and uncertainty". this afternoon, mrs may will argue her case in the commons, where she faces a tough battle to get the deal approved. labour and the other opposition parties have promised to vote against it and many of her own mps are expected to join them.
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our political correspondent iain watson has this report. is it isita is it a good dealfor britain? is it a good deal for britain? yes. it delivers on brexit. 24 hours after a deal was sealed in brussels, some cabinet ministers were upbeat that it would be backed here in britain. and some long—standing leave campaigners are giving the deal their approval. it is very important we back the prime minister, she had secured a good dealfor britain minister, she had secured a good deal for britain and minister, she had secured a good dealfor britain and it minister, she had secured a good deal for britain and it will mean we will be able to control our borders, we will be in charge of immigration, we will be in charge of immigration, we will be outside the common fisheries policy and outside the common agricultural policy. that is the script that cabinet ministers are expected to stick to, that the diedhiou delivers on promises —— look at the deal. that will be put to the test when parliament gets it say around the 12th of december. the cabinet is discussing the brexit
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deal. we know some of them don't like it but in public at least they are likely to go along with it but 86 members of theresa may's own party have told us that they are unlikely to support her deal. some might simply abstain rather than vote against, she has a hugejob might simply abstain rather than vote against, she has a huge job to convince them, but in the next few weeks, her secret weapon, convince them, but in the next few weeks, hersecret weapon, if convince them, but in the next few weeks, her secret weapon, if you like, is you will stop the prime minister, theresa may. you will be seeing a lot more of the prime list on broadcast and social media and her hope is the public will push their politicians to get on with brexit and back her deal. their politicians to get on with brexit and back her dealli their politicians to get on with brexit and back her deal. i think all mps will be wrestling with their consciences over the next two weeks and thinking hard about what their constituents actually want in a situation like this. anything could happen if this deal does not get through and that is my concern, that is why i want to back this agreement and urge my colleagues to do the same. thank you. but we know that many brexiteers in the conservative backbenches have made their minds up already about the deal and some of
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those who backed remain are prepared to vote the deal down in the hope of getting a new referendum. to vote the deal down in the hope of getting a new referendumm to vote the deal down in the hope of getting a new referendum. it should go back to the british people with all the information available to them and they have that final say which i think, increasingly, they are demanding. labour rejects the prime minister's argument that it is her deal or no deal and are prepared to let it fall. it is obvious she is struggling, she needs a plan b and just to march on to trashing this vote without an alternative is not good enough. a small number of labour mps have not ruled out backing the government. the job of the government is to look across the chamberand find a the government is to look across the chamber and find a majority of mps who will support a deal so that we can still accept the outcome of the referendum but make sure we leave in a way that does the least economic damage to the country. as westminster prepares for the festive season, if mps do reject the deal just two weeks before christmas, expect the season of goodwill to be put on hold. in a moment we'll speak to adam fleming in brussels,
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but first, our chief political correspondent, vicki young, is in downing street. theresa may's big sell is under way but the odds are stacked against her. yes, and this cabinet meeting is still going on after two and a half hours. we know in the past she has had to sell it to her own cabinet but i think the plan is to focus on the practical, focus on the pragmatic and get away from westminster, if you like, and talk to people about how her deal, as she sees it, will help theirjobs, how it delivers freedom of movement, how it. the large payments to the eu. focusing on peoples real lives rather than the analysis of a legalistic and quite tense and dense text that we have had so far. labour mps will be pretty crucial to this as well. they are being invited to briefings by the prime minister's
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chief of staff in the house of commons, trying to win them over and one cabinet minister said to me that the message to them would be that this is about the national interest and not the self—interest of one party or another. it is about the future of the country and that is how they will hope to persuade them. the message, you said, is theresa may trying to get out there and get away from westminster, speak directly to people. we have seen doing phone—ins, she will be going around the country trying to get the message across and there has been speculation about some kind of debate with jeremy speculation about some kind of debate withjeremy corbyn but of course it might look and sound a little like a general election campaign with some of the conservative party pointing out that last time round that did not go too well for theresa may. thank you very much. adam fleming in brussels, what is the thinking there? the negotiations are over and all they can do is see what happens in the house of commons. yes, everybody is watching what happens in parliament
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and that oh so westminster freight of the munich foot vote has become common parlance here in brussels and the backbenchers, prominent ones like jacob rees—mogg, have become well— known characters, everybody knows who they are and everybody is doing their calculations for healthy folks and the politics stacked up. you speak to diplomats privately —— how the votes will stack up. you talk about whether it will go through or not but the official policy is to not discuss the what if questions. eu leaders did not talk about any plan b or spec elation about any plan b or spec elation about what they could do if the deal fails when they had their summit yesterday but it was the lithuanian president who kind of gave the game away when she said that they have to be prepared for the deal failing and that could lead to another referendum or even a general election. the only plan b being discussed in brussels at the moment is the one they have always had which is to prepare for the deal to go through and do all the things you need to for brexit to happen
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smoothly, but also have contingency planning in the background so you can handle anything that happens if the uk crashes out without a deal. but bet your bottom euro, everybody will be watching bbc parliament for the next few days! thank you very much, adam. in the referendum two years ago, leeds was split down the middle. it voted to remain, but by one of the closest margins in the country. so, what do people there make of theresa may's deal? our correspondent fiona trott has been finding out. a chilly morning at kirk state market in leeds but a warm response to theresa may's message. people don't want to spend any more time arguing about brexit. we are fed up ofarguing arguing about brexit. we are fed up of arguing about it. i think eve ryo ne of arguing about it. i think everyone is fed up about parliament arguing about it as well. we are fed up arguing about it as well. we are fed up and fed up with them. twice fed up. definitely people will be fed up. definitely people will be fed
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up. i up. definitely people will be fed up. lam because it has up. definitely people will be fed up. i am because it has been ages and we still don't know where we stand. we voted out, get out! all the people that are whinging about it, get over it! we voted to get out, just to get out. what about businesses? the northern powerhouse partnerships is the feeling in this region is that this deal is better than no deal. i think the biggest fearfor than no deal. i think the biggest fear for businesses is of a hard brexit and the reality but would be damaging notjust brexit and the reality but would be damaging not just to brexit and the reality but would be damaging notjust to the northern economy but the national gourmet because key sectors like manner fracturing are important here and also to the uk and that is what pushing business is behind the deal —— megan —like manufacturing. when you talk to chambers of commerce, the consensus is would give them more certainty, that outcome. what does it mean for people here who noticed the prices going up? will there be prosperity for them in the future? the reality brexit is it is a huge distraction from what we really need to do which is to
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improve productivity in the north of england. new figures released show that we are still seeing lower levels of growth here than in london despite the fact that the gap has closed but are sadly a lot of that closing the gap is currently because all of uk growth and prosperity is being held back by people being afraid brexit, despite the fact that like in cities here, there are great fundamentals in the cot —— in the coming the people are not investing as much as they would have if brexit had not happened. in this corner of northern england which voted to remain, but onlyjust, will they get behind the deal or do they want a peoples vote? i think it should be a peoples vote? i think it should be a peoples vote, definitely. you've had the referendum, the decision has been made, we don't want another one. we have already had one, the decision was made for brexit. i understand is that we walk away from europe with no deal in fact, we start again. i don't trust any of the mp5, any of the government or anything so i don't know. do you think they should be a peoples vote?
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like i said, i don't trust any of it soi like i said, i don't trust any of it so i don't know. here at the market, westminster, let alone brussels, feels very far away. they seem to be backing the deal because theyjust wa nt backing the deal because theyjust wantan end backing the deal because theyjust want an end to negotiations but will their mps go along with that? i will have more from westminster a little later but for now i will hand you back to clive in the studio. many thanks. a british academic who was jailed on spying charges in the united arab emirates, has been pardoned and could be home tomorrow. matthew hedges was sentenced to life in prison last week. he's always protested his innocence, and his wife says she can't wait for him to come home, after an experience she described, as "a nightmare." there is flash photography in this report from richard galpin. the 31—year—old phd student matthew hedges will be able to return home to britain as soon as formalities are completed after spending months in prison in the united arab emirates.
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but, despite pardoning him, the uae government went on today to reinforce its message that mr hedges had come to the country earlier this year to spy for the british intelligence agency m16. he was part—time phd researcher, part—time businessman, but he was hundred percent a full—time secret service operative. during the investigation, mr hedges confessed he was acting as an agent for a foreign intelligence service. he confirmed that he collected sensitive and classified information about the uae. mr hedges' family deny all this, saying he came here to the uae to research security and foreign policy issues for his phd. the british government also dismisses the charges of spying which he faced. we have seen no evidence to support these accusations against matthew hedges but today
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what we want to do is to thank them for the fact that they have reflected on the strong representations we have made. we have made it very clear for a number of months now that we see no basis in these allegations. they have reflected on that, they have taken the action that they can which means that matthew hedges is going to be reunited with his family. for mr hedges wife, who had campaigned hard for the foreign office to finally take action, it now seems the ordeal is over. it's taken me by surprise and i'm just so happy and so relieved and really incredulous that this is all happening, finally. it's been an absolute nightmarish six or seven months already and i just can't wait to have him back. the expectation is that the couple will be together again quite soon. richard galpin, bbc news. nato will convene an emergency meeting after russian forces seized
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three ukrainian navy vessels in the waters off crimea. the ukrainian president, petro poroshenko, has called for martial law to be declared in response. moscow and kiev are blaming each other over the incident, in which a tug and two gunboats were captured, and a number of ukrainian crew members were injured. both the eu and nato have urged restraint. our moscow corrrespondent, steve rosenberg, has the details. off the coast of crimea, russian border guards on collision course with the ukrainian navy. here the russians target a ukrainian tug boat. the hint is a less than subtle — get out of these waters. there was more drama to come. later, russian forces shot at and seized the tug and two other ukrainian vessels. this appears to be an sos from one of the ukrainian sailors
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as the russians storm his boat. a russian replies. the ukrainian vessels were towed to russian—controlled crimea. more than 20 ukrainian servicemen have been detained. the incidents took place near the crimean peninsula, by the kerch strait. russia says ukraine's navy illegally entered russian waters. ukraine denies it. this was the reaction in kiev. "death to russia," he shouts. protests and pyrotechnics outside the russian embassy. ukraine's president denounced what he called russia's aggression. petro poroshenko will ask parliament to approve martial law to defend ukraine against russia. moscow is refusing to take the blame. russia's foreign minister accused
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kiev of provocations. sergey lavrov said ukraine's leaders were trying to score political points ahead of elections. to some, the incident is a reminder of just how to some, the incident is a reminder ofjust how dangerous the russia ukraine conflict is. the war continues to be live. and the war could escalate any moment. while endangering the relationship between russia and the west. with its show of force yesterday at sea and in the sky over the kerch strait, russia has sent a clear message to ukraine — don't mess with moscow. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. latest projections from the met office suggest climate change could transform britain. it warns that if greenhouse gas emissions aren't cut, summer temperatures could rise by more than five degrees by 2070, and scorching summers like this
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year's could become normal. our environment analyst roger harrabin is here. these look like big numbers. these are the most dramatic figures we have seen so far from the latest analysis. if we had a temperature rise of five celsius, which is at the extreme end, that would take is to the sort of heat levels experienced in the south of france ona experienced in the south of france on a typical summer august day, which is nice if you are on the beach but is not nice if you are doing outdoor work or indeed if you are elderly. it would be very hard to bear. under those scenarios, the south of france would end up with a climate like north africa, and north africa like the sahara. so that is quite alarming. and the figures for sea—level rise as well protected by as much as1.1 sea—level rise as well protected by as much as 1.1 metres for the london area. that is very high. in those circumstances, we would be able to protect big cities in the uk because we are a wealthy country with sea barriers, but a lot of small
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countries would go under the waves. how reliable are these numbers? these are the most difficult equations in the world. the scientists are trying to project what the likely emissions are going to be from governments, and then on top of that, trying to project what the impact on the earth would be. so there is a lot of uncertainty about that. the extreme temperature rises for the uk, for instance, suggest that countries are going to continue increasing greenhouse gases, which may not be likely. they have promised they wouldn't. but given president trump's stands and president trump's stands and president bolsonaro in brazil threatening to cut down the amazonian rainforest and return it
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to cattle ranching, it is plausible and governments do have to plan for that. reports suggest there could still be a temperature rise in the uk of up to 2.3 celsius by the end of the century. that is much higher than we thought before. one thing is certain — climate change will affect us certain — climate change will affect us all. many thanks, roger harrabin. our top story this lunchtime... theresa may chairs a meeting of the cabinet as she begins a campaign to sell her deal for brexit, insisting it's the best one available. and still to come... nasa scientists attempt to land a spacecraft on mars in a mission to discover what the planet's made of. coming up on bbc news, andy farrell will take over from joe schmidt as ireland rugby coach after next year's world cup. schmidt is stepping down after taking the team to second in the world rankings. tonight the us space agency, nasa, will attempt to land on mars the first spacecraft ever designed to study the internal composition of the planet. after six months travelling through space, the probe, called insight, will have just seven minutes to slow down from more than 12,000 miles an hour
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to just 5 miles an hour, before gently touching down. from mission control in california, our science correspondent, victoria gill reports. they call it seven minutes of terror. at this last stage of its journey to mars, nasa's insight lander will need to slow itself down from more than 12,000 miles an hour to a safe landing speed. so, this is the full—size model? this is the full—size, life—size model of the insight lander. these are our beautiful solar arrays that are gorgeous. they will power everything on the lander. insight is doing amazing science on the surface of mars. we like to say we're giving mars its first checkup in four billion years. before any martian science can begin, though, the pressure of a safe touchdown will trigger a beacon to be sent back to earth — insight‘s first call home. once we land, we'll get a message back from the spacecraft that says
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it thinks it's safe, and then we have to obviously check up on our spacecraft as well and make sure that it really is in a safe state, but, man, when we get that first indication, our hearts are just going to explode! it'll be really exciting. insight‘s robotic arm will carefully put down a seismometer detecting any vibrations from martian earthquakes, or "marsquakes". and this will be the first robot to drill deep into mars' surface in an effort to understand the structure of this planet. it's kind of like a meditative spacecraft. we have to sit there, zen—like, and listen for marsquakes. so all these other instruments have set the stage, but now we're going beneath the surface. we've only scratched the surface previously. back at mission control, these measurements will allow scientists to step back in time and work out exactly how rocky bodies like mars, earth and the moon actually formed 4.5 billion years ago. something of a tradition here at nasa mission control —
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whenever there's an attempt to land on another planet, the whole team at mission control eat peanuts, apparently, because the first of nasa's attempts to land on the moon, they had six failures. then on the seventh attempt, the engineer was eating and sharing peanuts with the entire team. just one more detail in the effort to help this spacecraft land on its feet on a planet more than 90 million miles away. victoria gill, bbc news, at nasa's jet propulsion laboratory, california. there are urgent calls for changes to the rules governing medical devices, such as pacemakers, after an investigation by dozens of media rganisations found that some were unsafe or hadn't been properly tested. the royal college of surgeons now wants a register of every device given to patients, so that doctors can monitor them. the bbc‘s panorama programme found that some implants had failed trials, or had only been tested on animals. our health correspondent, james gallagher has the story. medical devices are life—saving,
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but new does not always mean better. the investigation found implants that were approved for humans despite failing in a study on baboons, and a treatment for children with curved spines that was only tested on pigs and corpses before being approved for use in the uk. maureen needed a pacemaker to treat an irregular heartbeat. she became the first person in the uk to be fitted with a new type of device that sits inside the heart. but the battery died just three years later, and doctors could not get it out and had to implant a second pacemaker. i don't like the thought that i've got a piece of metal or whatever in my heart that's doing nothing, and it's just laying there. the novel pacemaker given to maureen was later withdrawn for safety reasons. critics say medical devices need to be tested more thoroughly before being approved and that more evidence on the harms and benefits of devices should be made public.
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as a patient, i would be terrified not to know the adverse event data. but you have to have data in order to know if something is safe or it's dangerous. we're talking about people's lives, it's really important to know whether these devices are safe or not. one of britain's most senior surgeons wants drastic changes to the regulations around medical devices. there should be registries created that are compulsory, that include every new implant, every new device that is used on a human being and every new technology that is introduced into the care of a human being. a department of health spokesperson said patient safety was its highest priority and that it would work with the regulator to see what changes may be required. the industry said millions of people have benefited from devices, and life
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would be unimaginable without them. james gallagher, bbc news. and you can see more on this on tonight's panorama at 8:30pm on bbc one, and later of course on iplayer. england's cricketers have won their first ever series whitewash in sri lanka, beating the hosts by 42 runs, in the third and final test in colombo. andy swiss reports. it's all over! the perfect ending to what, on paper, has been a perfect series. but how england had to work for it. sri lanka's target of 327 had looked impossible but no one appeared to have told kusal mendis. suddenly, the hosts had hope, but just when england needed something special, they found it. direct hit! that might be what gets england going! jack leach with the flash of brilliance. mendis gone for 86 along, seemingly, with sri lanka's chances as england's spinners once again turned things their way. soon they needed just one more wicket, with the hosts still needing
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more than a hundred. surely all over? not quite, as sri lanka's final pair blazed away, but amid the rising tension, leach held his nerve. what do they think this time? gone! replays confirmed it was hitting the stumps and at last, england could celebrate. their first series whitewash in sri lanka. it was some fight, but some feat. andy swiss, bbc news. the oscar—winning director and screenwriter bernardo bertolucci has died in rome. he was 77, and had been suffering from cancer. his films include the last emperor and the highy controversial last tango in paris. here's our entertainment correspondent, lizo mzimba. look! this was perhaps bernardo bertolucci's masterpiece. the last emperor, the true story of pu yi, only a small child when he became china's last imperial ruler. it swept the oscars,
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winning nine academy awards, including best film and best director for bertolucci himself. the historical epic, years in the making, was also a movie—making milestone, the first film allowed to be shot in beijing's forbidden city. the script had to be approved by the chinese authorities, but the director strongly defended himself against accusations that it was propaganda. if you don't show these terrible images of the terrible chinese communist, but you show that they are people like everybody else, you can be accused of doing propaganda. his early film the conformist was an influence on directors like spielberg. his 1972 film last tango in paris shocked audiences with its sexual content. before her death, the actress
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maria schneider said she felt as if she'd been assaulted. bertolucci denied this, saying she was aware in advance of the violent nature of the scene in question. in recent years, he had been in ill health and used a wheelchair, but still travelled to events around the globe where he was often being honoured as one of italy and the world's great film—makers. he will be remembered as one of cinema's most talented directors, whose images on screen are as powerful today as they were decades ago when first experienced by audiences. the film director bernardo bertolucci, who's died at the age of 77. let's return now to my colleague ben brown at westminster, with the latest developments on brexit. the prime minister is preparing to face mps in the commons this afternoon after signing her brexit deal with other eu
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leaders in brussels. but she faces significant opposition to the deal from mps across the house. so what are the hurdles left to clear before britain leaves the eu next march? our reality check correspondent, chris morris, is with me. firstly, what we have yesterday from the other 27 countries was an endorsement of the deal. eventually, they have to sign it formally. that can in theory be done by a qualified majority of eu countries, 20 out of 27. in practice, it is unthinkable that it wouldn't be unanimous. but before that, the biggest hurdle is right here, as you have been discussing. will it get through the house of commons? the numbers looked very difficult. if it doesn't, could the deal be renegotiated? i don't think there is any appetite for renegotiating the withdrawal agreement, the non—binding political declaration that goes with it could perhaps be tweaked a little bit. but
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no major changes. if it does get through parliament here, then it also has to be ratified in the european parliament. the signals from there rather they are relatively happy as long as citizens‘ rights are clarified. only if we get through all of those processes do we get to the 29th of march next year, when we will leave the eu. then, of course, the transition period begins, 21 month at least when everything will stay the same. and it‘s important to remember that it is only after the 29th of march next year that formal negotiations on the future arrangement, what everyone really wa nts to arrangement, what everyone really wants to know about, can actually begin. chris, thank you very much. that statement from the prime minister to mps that statement from the prime ministerto mps in that statement from the prime minister to mps in the commons on her brexit deal is at 3.30, with full coverage on the bbc news channel.

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