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tv   Beyond 100 Days  BBC News  November 26, 2018 7:00pm-8:00pm GMT

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you're watching beyond 100 days. the british prime minister admits she is not entirely happy with the brexit plan to avoid a hard border in ireland. the opposition leaderjeremy corbyn tells her the decision to plough on with her deal is an act of national self—harm. but plough on she will. theresa may says she will take her deal to the country, insisting it is the best and only deal on offer. we can back this deal, deliver on the vote of the referendum and move on to building a brighter future of opportunity and prosperity for all our people, or this house can choose to reject this deal and go back to square one. the united states has described russia's seizure of three ukrainian navy ships as an outrageous violation of sovereign territory. in brussels, nato‘s secretary general said russia's military action confirmed a pattern of behaviour. also on the programme: tension on the border as mexico moves to deport hundreds of migrants and us forces use tear gas against people trying to breach the frontier. and i'm live at nasa's mission
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control in pasadena in there's just one hour to go until we find out if their insight mission has made it safely onto the surface of mars. hello and welcome. i'm katty kay in washington and christian fraser is westminster in london. the prime minister says she is still confident that the uk parliament will approve her brexit deal. listening to the commons today, her self assurance sounds a little lonely. there was almost no support for the deal that's just been approved by the european union. the vote on the deal, we were told tonight, will be on tuesday december 11th. right now the numbers don't look very promising for the prime minister. altogether she has 326 mps — 316 conservatives and ten democratic unionists who vote on a confidence and supply arrangement. the problem is the dup won't back it. and on the latest count, it is said 85 tory rebels will also oppose it.
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that means that even with a bit of backing from labour rebels, and we think it is around 15 at the most, she falls well short of the 320 majority needed to get the deal over the line. i can say to the house with absolute certainty that there is not a better deal available and my fellow leaders... my fellow leaders were very clear on that themselves yesterday. our duty as a parliament over these coming weeks is to examine this deal in detail, to debate it respectfully, to listen to our constituents and decide what is in our national interest. this deal does not have the support of either side of this house or the country as a whole. mr speaker, ploughing on is not stoic, it's an act of national self harm. instead of threatening this house with a no—deal scenario or a no—brexit scenario, the prime minister now needs
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to prepare a plan b. robert watson is with me. this was a mauling. if i was a referee, i would have stepped in to stop the fight. you would have said she is down on the canvas. although she wasn't remarkably robust. her dog and this is extraordinary. i thought the session was almost surreal because she was attacked notjust a little bit but attacked in a major way by remainers, livres alike and even those who are supporters, supporters are proceeding as is the best of a bad job. that made me think that if you step back, if british politics was an individual, you would say they need therapy. they look like they need therapy. they look like they are in a bad place, gullane and
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dismay about the turn that british politics has taken. but she will plug on, she will talk about the practicalities of the deal, was people voted for, rather than the legal nitty—gritty. she is asking for a televised debate withjeremy corbyn. it is beginning to feel a bit like amy general election campaign. the problem i see with thatis campaign. the problem i see with that is that it doesn't go very well last time. the prime minister is amazingly dogged and a lot of people feel sorry for her and until she opens her mouth. she is not one of the great campaigners. i know it looks grim and she isn't a great salesperson, but someone put this theory to me and it is interesting, i'll run it past everyone watching us, that maybe she wins in the end, andi us, that maybe she wins in the end, and i know it looks unlikely, just because the leavers are not united the ground a particular person or plant and neither are the hard—core remainers and she may sort of win by
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default. but it's true, there is no absolute plan from either side at the moment. no, but what there is is form business a desire for certainty. we have four months to go, it is an option to go back and start negotiating all over again and it has taken us this long to get even this far? i think the short answer is no. the alternative scenarios that get talked about here at westminster is now does you have heard them on programme macro. theresa may willjust heard them on programme macro. theresa may will just say, heard them on programme macro. theresa may willjust say, you will see at this over christmas and come back for a second goal, or you have a completely different approach for leaving the european union, perhaps normally‘s relationship which is much closer. for a leadership challenge, a general election, a second referendum. if you think that we are in the far distant waters of british politics right now, if there
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isa no british politics right now, if there is a no falls, i think we go into the uncharted area right off the end of the navigation map. thank you very much for the moment. we were speaking with one voice yesterday in brussels, as is this deal or no deal at all. there is no appetite in brussels to reopen with the withdrawal agreement. but you have always said that you think the last minute, the european union may be able to come up with something, they may even be a second vote. it seems that the hard—core brexiteers at the moment are playing a game of chicken with the european union, saying we don't believe you. if we opt to crash out with no deal, we think you will come up with something else. how are we to know that? it seems like a gamble. the conservative brexiteers are saying that if we focused on it will seem to help the prime minister because she will say it won't fly. and there is always a plan b when it comes to brussels. yesterday they were all in the same message because that helps
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theresa may. i'm not suggesting they might have formulated the same plan but it certainly looks like it from where we were standing. the problem is that if they were to put anything to it they will put it in the political declaration. i have said time and again, that is the non—legally binding bed. it is like a love letter to the uk government about their aspirations. unless they change the withdrawal agreement, the legal test, it doesn't add up to much. we will have more on brexit withdrawn in the programme. from wednesday, ukraine will be under martial law. president poroshenko announced the measure after russian ships fired at and seized ukrainian vessels in the black sea. today both the un security council and nato ambassadors met to discuss to the situation but it's not clear if they'll come up with a more united position on what to do about it. russia is already heavily sanctioned and there's little appetite in the white house to punish moscow further. let's listen to a little of what was said at the un. we strongly support ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally—recognised borders, extending to its territorial waters.
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we express our deep concern over the incident, which represents a dangerous escalation and violation of international law. translation: if this tribunal continues to be used to turn a blind eye to the military aggression of ukraine against russia and russia wants to protect its borders, then the prestige and authority of the council will be undermined. the bbc‘s nada tawfik is at the un in new york now. to what extent does nicky hayley speakfor to what extent does nicky hayley speak for donald trump and to what extent is there a desire on the american side to get tougher, to impose more sanctions on russia over the ukraine situation? it was really interesting because nikki haley said
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she had spoken directly with president trump and the secretary and she was expressing the highest concerns of the highest form of government. she was really putting a rubber stamp on that, saying what i am about to say has been endorsed by the president himself. but she didn't go as far as what the ukrainian ambassador himself called for. he wanted a new set of sanctions because he said that would be necessary to stop further instability in the region. nikki haley said they will us would maintain sanctions over a crew and specifically but she said that any further reckless action by russia would make things worse. but you didn't exactly go into detail about what those consequences would be. the europeans will be watching this very closely because they were nervous at the outset of the trump administration that they might go soft on ukraine. no one is entirely sure what to donald trump's foreign policy is towards russia or towards ukraine. i think it was interesting
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watching the unity on the council of western nations. russia was clearly isolated. when they wanted to hold a discussion about how their borders had been violated, how ukraine had entered into their waters, only three other countries on the council supported russia and that effort failed. it seemed that the united states and european powers were on the same page when it came to standing by ukraine and tough talk but as you say, the united states doesn't really have much more appetite for sanctions. so it really just remains to be seen how the europeans, the united states can work together to put a check on russia. the entire council is concerned that what happened on sunday will really lead to a wider conflict and the security council has met dozens on towns on this issue, there hasn't been any progress. thank you.
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let's cross live to kiev and speak to our correspondent there, jonah fisher. martial law in place tonight in ukraine. what does that mean for the upcoming presidential elections? discussions are still continuing this evening in ukraine's parliament. it's just a short distance from where i am talking to you now. they are debating this introduction of martial law. it is expected to be a formality, that they will rubber—stamp it. it will bea30 they will rubber—stamp it. it will be a 30 day period and the reason it will be just 30 days is because ukraine has a presidential election due in march next year and they need to effectively have an election campaign period. so it is a 30 day martial law and ukraine's president came out with a pretty stark statement saying this decision had been taken because they believe that this incident is, these clashes, in the black sea on sunday, that they
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weren't some sort of accident, they we re weren't some sort of accident, they were deliberate. and further to demand that they had intelligence that said that russia was preparing for a land invasion. that said that russia was preparing fora land invasion. mr that said that russia was preparing for a land invasion. mr poroshenko said he had a dossier of papers telling him all about the troops and equipment that was ready just a short distance from ukraine's borders and that was why he had taken the decision to introduce martial law and that's why it is being discussed now in parliament. the reaction from russia is always the same, it was the same in georgia and with crimea, and that is that we didn't start this. but the simple pa rt didn't start this. but the simple part of the matter is easy to hit us on the treaty in place that gives freedom of navigation in the sea. —— 2003 treaty that is a agreement in place that treats the kerch strait asjointly place that treats the kerch strait as jointly owned waters off russia and ukraine. both can move around in theory as if it was their own water.
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that has not been the case for the last six months or so because now that russia has occupied crimea, it has built a bridge to connect crimea to the russian mainland and it has started taking a pretty keen interest in who uses that street, who passes under the bridge, and ukrainian bolts and balls destined to ukrainian ports have been subject to ukrainian ports have been subject toa to ukrainian ports have been subject to a lot more inspections. that treaty doesn't seem to be respected. there are still argument continuing about what happened on sunday. ukraine is seeing that their ships we re ukraine is seeing that their ships were perfectly entitled to be where they were, the russian line and that is that the ukrainian ships were in russian territorial waters. so that debate is still continuing. thanks very much. and for more on these escalating tensions, we arejoined now by kimberly marten, who chairs the department of political science at barnard university and specializes in us—russian relations. thanks very much forjoining us. we have just got news coming in from
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the fsb from moscow, the security services saying that the ukrainian ships ignored warning shots. the russians of course today saying this is all hysteria on the part of russia. what does it look like from your point of view? there is an agreement, as your correspondent mentioned, from 2003 that recognises that each state that shares this border area has the right to have its ships transit into the black sea. i think there isjust no question from the perspective of international law that russia was violating this agreement and was actually looking for a fight with ukraine. it was russia who provoked the violence for reasons that are unclear. why would moscow be looking for a fight with ukraine at this stage? is it something that the russian population would support? if poroshenko is right and he has plans showing that the russians are planning some kind of land invasion in eastern ukraine, the russians really wa nt in eastern ukraine, the russians really want a war with ukraine at the moment? i can't imagine that
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they would. there is a loss of cultural interchange and even family interchange between russians and ukrainians. up until this point, russia has been very careful to say that they have not been involved in the war in eastern ukraine. the one possibility is that britain's popularity has plunged recently and so popularity has plunged recently and so it is possible that putin see this as a way to rally. they don't see their own lives improving and i can't imagine that any one in russia would like to have a full—scale war with ukraine. so it's especially odd because the us congress is only lame duck session and that means that putin could have put off more sanctions for a while and it seems as if he is trying to provoke more us and western sanctions. it's a
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reminder that this is still very much a hot war and perhaps one of the most dangerous that we face in the most dangerous that we face in the world the moment. the focus has drifted off to syria and iraq and of kynaston and because donald trump has not kept the pressure up when it comes to ukraine, perhaps poroshenko two things he can take advantage. we have to remember that there are us military trainers in ukraine that are helping train the ukrainian forces. there are us weapons in ukraine, similar weapons forces. there are us weapons in ukraine, similarweapons and trainers have come from canada as well and today we just had the nato secretary general stated that he is on the side of ukraine, that not all stands behind ukraine in what he termed a violation of ukrainian sovereignty and international law, and so regardless of what donald trump might see on his tweets, the actions that we see on the ground are actions that we see on the ground a re pretty actions that we see on the ground are pretty solidly in favour of ukraine andi are pretty solidly in favour of ukraine and i don't think anybody
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wa nts ukraine and i don't think anybody wants tensions to increase. but russian provocations may lead to a stronger western reaction that what putin was bargaining for. thank you very much. as i was saying, the line is always we didn't start it, but i remember being in crimea for two weeks at the outset of the conflict as these little green men were walking all over the peninsula. it was pretty clear that russia was there and were going to take over. russian faxed don't hold much water in the west at the moment. the situation on america's border with mexico is febrile. thousands of migrants who've travelled north in the hope of getting into the us are now stuck waiting on the mexican side of the frontier. men, women and children are camped out in a sports stadium with little services and long queues for donations of food. yesterday frustration led to violence. a group of migrants led a peaceful protest calling for their asylum claims to be processed faster. but some got angry and made a dash for the wire fences of the border. us guards responded with tear gas. mexico now says it will deport those who took part in the demonstration.
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with me is peter vincent, a former attorney for us immigration and border control. thanks very much for coming in. it is not the first time that tear gas has been used on this border, it was used back in 2014 as well. how tense is the situation on the border in all and is the response from us border authorities the appropriate one to the situation? the situation is quite tense and you have thousands of people who are waiting ina sort thousands of people who are waiting in a sort of state of limbo, individuals in some cases that have walked with their children thousands of miles from the so—called triangle countries in the northern part of central america, el salvador, countries in the northern part of centralamerica, el salvador, honda is in guatemala, and they are attempting to rightfully, under us law and international treaty, apply for asylum in the united states. these are for the most part incredibly sympathetic people that are fleeing horrific gang violence
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in that northern triangle region are looking for better opportunities for the children educationally or financially. the situation has been made worse by president trump's november eight proclamation requiring that all individuals that are applying for asylum do so at unofficial port of entry. that again is in complete contradiction to us law and our international obligations, which allowed individuals however the enter the united states, either loftily or through other than lawful means, to apply for asylum once they are in the united states. the reason is because the security situation of the people who are applying for asylu m the people who are applying for asylum in mexico at the moment is not good and therefore the odd to be able to come into the united states and apply from a situation which is more safes of what is the security situation? if you are camping out in this stadium, what risks to your face? it is less than ideal. these individuals are in the sovereign
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territory of mexico where they are not particularly popular. the maher of the tijuana has made remarks about not wanting or being able to appropriately close, feed and take ca re of appropriately close, feed and take care of these individuals, so there isa care of these individuals, so there is a great deal of hospital hostility. these are individuals who ordinarily would simply make their way into the united states either through a port of entry or through some alternative means, raise their hand and see to the border patrol officers present, we are simply applying for asylum and then they would be properly processed in that manner. but now they are queued up at the border, waiting in these facilities that are not entirely accommodating, and many of them expect to wait many weeks before the able to actually make a formal application for asylum in the united states to start the process. it seems to me looking from the south, from europe, that the problems are the same on either side of the atlantic. you have got genuine asylu m atlantic. you have got genuine asylum seekers and refugee is a need help mixed up with a lot of economic
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migrants that the government wants to keep out. one of the ways the european governments have looked to tackle this year is to set up these disembarkation platforms outside the borders of europe, where genuine asylu m borders of europe, where genuine asylum seekers can be processed. if that's going to be the norm and how does that conflict with international law? you make an excellent point. there are some similarities here. the various organisations in the united states have challenged president trump's declaration and a federal district courtjudge in declaration and a federal district court judge in san declaration and a federal district courtjudge in san francisco has found that his proclamation is in violation of law. the us has a similar system to the one you're disgusting but it is called refugee processing, which is done overseas. it is one away from the united states and there is a process for doing that as well. the individuals are usually located in some cases literally for generations in refugee camps in different parts of the world, this south—east asia, north africa, exception. there will be negotiations between the northern
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triangle countries, mexico and the distaste to find a safe method of processing their valid legal claims while we do bring out individuals who are unfortunately for them but not eligible for either refugee scientists or a silence because they are economic refugees are not facing persecution or torture. 0k, peter vincent, thank you very much for joining me here in washington. clearly the issue looks like it has to be dealt with by the triangle countries or the migrants will keep coming. it is overwhelming the systems here as well. if you thought the us midterms were over, you'd better think again because there's still one last seat that needs to be filled in the senate. it's in mississippi and it'll be decided on tuesday in a special runoff election. donald trump is on his way to the state now to lend his support to the republican candidate cindy hyde—smith — she's leading the polls against mike espy, who wants to be mississippi's first
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democratic senator since 1989, and the first black senator there for more than a century. let's talk to chris buckler, who's in tupelo for us now. mississippi is one of the most conservative states in the union, if not the most conservative state. why does a democrat even look like they have the cats whiskers of a chance? it has been a really old one. republicans feel this would have been a safe senate seat for them but comments are important in election campaigns and the candidates methods asa campaigns and the candidates methods as a republican candidate have cut people off guard and is concerned that some people. is especially a comment that if a supporter was going to hold a public hanging, she would be on the front row. that of course brought back many images of thoughts of lynching in this and many thoughts of lynching in this and ma ny states thoughts of lynching in this and many states across america and it has led to a log of concern and a lot of debate. not least because her
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opponent is himself an african—american. so it has led to a very strange situation in the polls we re very strange situation in the polls were it looks like the democrats might have a chance, but of course so much of this is about who gets their votes out. and this is one of their votes out. and this is one of the reasons why president trump is here today at tupelo, go to hold a rally, and it is notjust one rally he is holding an mississippi today, it's he is holding an mississippi today, its two. it gives you the 20th ring everything he can to make sure he holds onto the senate seat and that is very important. just a quick one, donald trump does have that magical sprinkle when it comes to the senate seats. tennessee, florida, indiana, he brought candidates over the line. yeah, and that is part of it. let's be honest, we also know that the president is lots of rallies. he loves getting out and being among his supporters. there is no question of, does he really have to convince some of these people? talking to them going on, they have made it
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very clear they are on her side. but it also puts them on television, local stations in the states, to make sure that these people are aware that an election is happening and given there is the danger of some election fatigue, which i'm sure the peer review feel after the midterms, i think getting the photos will be very important for both sides if they have a chance of taking this senate seat. thank you very much. does anyone have a magical sprinkle? i meant very much. does anyone have a magicalsprinkle? i meant to very much. does anyone have a magical sprinkle? i meant to set the midas touch. this is beyond 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news: a climate change warning from the uk met office — there are more hot and dry summers ahead. and after seven years of work and a journey of nearly seven months, nasa's insight spacecraft must now survive seven minutes of terror as it descends onto mars. that's still to come. quiet weather of the last few days
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is going to get blown away. things will turn quite a lot milder. it's because low pressure will start to dominate. we have a couple of swirls of cloud on our satellite picture, gathering strength, and these will be heading our way over the next couple of days. before they arrive, one last quiet night to come tonight. a few showers in eastern areas. where we keep clear skies for any length of time, there could be a touch of frost for these wales, the midlands, into the west country, the potential for dense fog patches. behind me you can see the change. this is the first band of rain moving across the south—west of england, wales and northern ireland through tomorrow morning. the wind is also strengthening, gusts of 50 mph ora is also strengthening, gusts of 50 mph or a touch more an exposed coast
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areas in the west. for the south—eastern finland, east anglia until lincolnshire, dry and relatively bright weather for a good pa rt relatively bright weather for a good part of the day. it also be chilly but temperatures starting to come up in the west. it will time was across the midlands, north—west england, northern ireland and south—west scotla nd northern ireland and south—west scotland and over the tops of the pennines and scottish mountains, say above 500 metres, you may see some sleet and snow mixing in. through tuesday night, the first band of rain clears through but look at the theory low—pressure deepening. lots of white lines, that lots of isaac boss on the chart. wednesday will be a very windy day. the deal is quite widely, could see when to gusts of 60-70 widely, could see when to gusts of 60—70 mph in places and the bands of rain sweeping north—eastwards, places of scotland could see the heaviest of the rain. but that won't gust like this there is the potential for some travel disruption, perhaps even a bit of damage. but the temperatures are significantly higher than they have
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been, up to 13, 14, 15 degrees, but with a strong winds and rain it won't feel that great. 0n with a strong winds and rain it won't feel that great. on thursday, the area of low pressure developing here could bring another bout of very strong winds, particularly towards the south and west. some heavy rain is well. it states heavily towards the weekend but perhaps by the stage and not as windy. this is beyond 100 days from the bbc. theresa may begins the task of trying to sell her brexit deal to mps — warning that rejecting it would risk more division and take the country back to square one. a presidential pardon — the british academic matthew hedges is being released just days after he was jailed for life in dubai for spying. also on the programme... warnings of hotter and drier summers in the uk, days after a us government report claims that climate change will cost america hundreds of billions of dollars. and after a six month journey — nasa's insight mars probe is due to touch down on the red planet. british academic matthew hedges,
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who was jailed for spying in the united arab emirates, will be flying back to london in a few hours after receiving a presidential pardon. he'd been sentenced last week to life in prison. the pardon was announced just minutes afterjournalists were shown a video in which mr hedges apparently confessed to being a british spy. the uk's foreign secretary, jeremy hunt, called the pardon ‘fantastic news', and said that while the government didn't agree with the charges, it was grateful the issue had been resolved. paul adams reports. matthew hedges' six—month ordeal is almost over. five days after being handed a life sentence, he's preparing to come home. mr hedges will be permitted to leave the country, once all the formalities are complete. the hoped—for announcement came this morning. but with it, a sting in the tail, the authorities in the united arab emirates still accuse matthew hedges of spying. he was part—time phd researcher,
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part—time businessmen. but he was 100% a full—time secret service operative. matthew hedges knows the uae well, he worked there for several years before starting his phd on aspects of the country's security policy. sensitive subjects. but, says the government here, perfectly legitimate. we've made it very clear, for a number of months, now that we see no basis in these allegations. they've reflected on that, they've taken the action that they can, which means that matthew hedges is going to be reunited with his family. the uae remains convinced that matthew hedges was indeed a spy. he was certainly researching some sensitive areas, including the country's military capabilities and its role in the war in yemen. but what he, and most academics, would regard as perfectly legitimate, the uae clearly saw as suspect. matthew hedges' wife has campaigned for months to secure his release, maintaining his complete innocence throughout.
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in my heart, i know what matt is, he's a phd researcher. his colleagues know it, his family know it, and hundreds of academics around the world know it. and that's all that matters. i mean, the most important thing, really, is that now we'll have him back home safely. and he'll be able to finish his thesis. matthew hedges will be on his way home in the coming hours. his family says the ordeal has taken its toll. his life and career put on hold, six months ago, about to resume. paul adams, bbc news. joining us now is david haigh who's the former managing director of leeds united football club. he was arrested in 2014 in dubai, accused of fraud and embezzlement, and spent 22 months in prison in the country before being pardoned. thank you forjoining us. do you thinkjustice has thank you forjoining us. do you think justice has now thank you forjoining us. do you thinkjustice has now been served? not at all, because obviously, it is
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obviously very good that matthew is coming home but as they, as the uae have said in a statement recently, they refer to him as a convicted spy. a pardon still means they think he is guilty, it still means they think england's, the uk, is spying on them. just as most definitely has not been done. all that's happened is essentially the uae are asking the world to pardon them for what they have done. you were pardoned as does that mean that the uae turned around and said all the things, embezzlement, fraud, but they kept you injailfor 22 months, that they no longer believed any of was true? there were two things i was charged with. breach of trust and twitter abuse. 0n the breach of trust allegation, i was pardoned. abuse. 0n the breach of trust allegation, iwas pardoned. but abuse. 0n the breach of trust allegation, i was pardoned. but on the condition i did not appeal. having not done that, i wanted to
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appeal so why did not take the pardon, i ended up spending longer than i needed to bear. 0n the twitter abuse allegation i was acquitted. when i was found guilty of breach of trust it was nine days later, similar to matthew, a pardon you a few days later. 0n the twitter abuse allegations, i was injailfor five months before being acquitted. it's good that matthew is free, but like you say he is still convicted and that has big invocations for his life going forward. when you are filling in these applications, going through airports, you are likely to be stopped. exactly, it is not a light at —— accusation, it is 25 yea rs light at —— accusation, it is 25 years for espionage. that will prevent him travelling widely. it will have lasting of he spent six months in solitary confinement being mistreated, to the extent am a to what extent we don't know but his wife said he wasn't treated well. he isn't any good condition now. that's
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something that stays with you. i spent six months in hospital when i was released, recovering from those things. aside from the obvious difficulties he will have with a chartered conviction like that, he's also going to have health issues. with regards to the confession they have extracted from him, how will that have been done? you have had experience of the criminaljustice system there. it obviously doesn't work like it does in the uk. when i saw the sentence had been passed last week, and i read there have been accusations he was forced to signa been accusations he was forced to sign a false confession in arabic, that something, i worked with brits for the last two years and citizens that have this and it happens again and again and again. they prefer you to confess to something even if you haven't done it and put pressure on new and often use violence against you to do that. the video confessions are specifically used in national security cases. another
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case i'm working on is the kidnap of printers the teeth, the daughter of the ruler. two of her travelling companions were forced to do video confessions admitting they had done things they didn't on the basis of, record this and we will let you go. it is common practice across the board. thousands of uk citizens live in dubai, in the uae. millions of dollars of business are done between the countries. is the british government using the leveraging does have over a country like to buy in order to get morejustice have over a country like to buy in order to get more justice from the legal system? they certainly weren't up legal system? they certainly weren't up until the matthew hedges case. in my case, and hundreds of other is that we deal with, and my territory partner has dealt with about 10,000 over the last ten years, up until jeremy hunt, the advice of the british embassy was essentially don't rock the boat, quiet diplomacy, behind closed doors,
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don't go to the media. so many brits that have been unjustly attacked —— u njustly that have been unjustly attacked —— unjustly detained have followed that advice and are now i'm —— line wishing there. the uk obviously felt the need to go public and to address this. there was something behind—the—scenes that made them do that what we don't know. that relationship obviously wasn't working. thank you. in its first major update on climate change in nearly ten years, the uk's met office has warned of significant temperature rises in the decades ahead. projections suggest that britain is likely to experience summers which could be more than five degrees hotter than current levels by 2070. it comes off the back of a us government report that says unchecked climate change will cost america hundreds of billions of dollars and damage human health and quality of life. the warning is at odds with the trump administration's fossilfuels agenda. bob inglis is a former republican congressman, who is trying to convince his fellow conservatives about the dangers of climate change. he joins us now from south carolina. thanks very much forjoining us.
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when you have raised the alarm before about climate change and the science of climate change, it hasn't done you any political favours in the republican party. do you think you can have more the republican party. do you think you can have more success now the republican party. do you think you can have more success now with your fellow conservatives? yes, it was bad timing on my part, perhaps, in the midst of the global financial crisis. the economy is better now, we have had more experiences with climate change and there is a growing eco—rights, we call it, a movement on the right to address climate change. those three things mean that it's safer now for a republican to address climate change thanit republican to address climate change than it was in the darkest days of globalfinancial than it was in the darkest days of global financial crisis. than it was in the darkest days of global financial crisislj than it was in the darkest days of global financial crisis. i should tell our viewers you lost your seat in congress because you were eradicated for action on climate change. how do you account for
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president trump and some fellow conservatives who deny the science of climate change? is it purely about money? is this all about the power of the energy industry and wanting to keep the us energy companies happy? i think it is more about just plain companies happy? i think it is more aboutjust plain too late days that once to take one bead off the strand of worry beads. —— playing to a base. don't have to worry about that one, climate change. that is really passing as more people have experiences with climate change, like the flooding we are having today in charleston, south carolina, because of high tides, because of the film moon but also because of sea level rise. —— the filming. when we have more experiences with climate change, we started to see it is as though donald trump is this quy is as though donald trump is this guy who is telling us —— telling us
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there is nothing wrong, go ahead, but the bridges out. i think we will find that out and he will be treated as you would expect that person would be treated, having given us no warning of what is coming our way by way of climate change. another big summit on climate change takes place in poland next month. i don't know what kind of american representation will be there. i think i speak for a lot of people on this side of the pond who wonder how america will shift its position when the president think there is no global warming if it is cold. yes, that was very u nfortu nate, warming if it is cold. yes, that was very unfortunate, the president equating weather with climate. it may be called today that that doesn't mean the climate is getting colder. —— call today. what's happening is more and more people are beginning to realise, conservatives among them, but he is just plain to a certain elements.
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that isn't going to work going forward because it is real, it is here and now and that's what this very important assessment asserts. but it's not just very important assessment asserts. but it's notjust at very important assessment asserts. but it's not just at the very important assessment asserts. but it's notjust at the end of the century, it is here and now. consequences are serious. thank you very much forjoining us. there are now so many of these reports coming out, saying the science of climate change is urgent. this one from the tribe administration, even though the president seems to be at odds with what his own administration scientists are finding. still to come — the wait is nearly over — after a journey of more than 6 months, nasa's insight lander will make an attempt to land on the surface of mars, in the next few minutes. hundreds of people have attended a candle lit vigil for a teenager from coventry who was stabbed to death on saturday night.
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16—year—old jaydon james, known as jj, died from his injuries in hospital. he hasjust he has just turned 16. described he hasjust turned 16. described by his family as sweet, caring, funny. last night, a candlelit vigil to remember him. his family say they are heartbroken. afterjj was stabbed to death in coventry. he had the biggest hearts. he was shy. he would always have his hand over his face, would never take photos. he would never do a thing to harm anybody. i don't even know what to say, i don't believe that he's gone. the attack happened on saturday night while jj was out with friends. his grandfather says the teenager had gone out to get some food. the two friends were seriously injured and remain in hospital. it is really
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sad that whenever we have any violent crime sad that whenever we have any viole nt crime involving sad that whenever we have any violent crime involving a young person, conjectures starts around gangs and postcodes. what we won't do is fuel that conjecture. every line of enquiry will be focused on but what we will do is jump to any conclusions. it happensjust before bed night in this area, a deprived parts of the city. —— just before the night. 284 knife crimes in coventry this year alone, say the police. my crime in the west midlands it out its highest level since 2011. the region has the highest rates of knife offences in the country after london. now another life last too soon. in the most brutal circumstances. let's return to our main story —
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the british prime minister, theresa may has defended her brexit deal — in the face of sustained criticism from the opposition and many of her conservative colleagues. joining me now is the tory mp — george freeman — who is undecided as to whether he will back mrs may's plan. i think you will get invited to downing street in the next couple of weeks and they will be none knew quite heavily. have you made up your mind? i have not. even after the debate today? know, and like many of the people looking in, this is a very difficult one to call. 0n the one hand, i think the prime minister is trying to do the right thing, to square the circle, ever say brexit thatis square the circle, ever say brexit that is notre matic, but on the other hand is, many of the brexit cheerleaders are saying this is not what they voted for. —— that is notre matic. i am tempted to vote for it because i think we have to provide a settlement and move on, out on the other hand i'm not
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convinced this is a settlement that will allow us to move on, i think it may deepen the divisions. it's clear today from the house that there is no majority at the moment for this. if the labour party and the dup and 40 or 50 had brexit colleagues vote against it, it is dead. that's why i am focusing on plan b. an american president said practitioners of politics have to learn to count, and when you look at the numbers it doesn't look good for the prime ministers. what happens on december the 11th, the other side of this thought, when that say it goes down as it looks like it will do? what do you think will happen?” as it looks like it will do? what do you think will happen? i think it's difficult to be a mansion at the rhetoric being wrapped up, this is it, no other alternative. rhetoric being wrapped up, this is it, no otheralternative. —— difficult to imagine. i understand why the prime minister is saying that. clearly the stakes are very high. my own view is that if this thought is lost, we will then see this community go into darkness and
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smoke—filled rooms at speed. to try and work out a plan b. i think a lot of people will shift their position at that point. no recess or they would stay here till christmas? yes, i think you are beginning to see now those people who have been relatively quiet, like myself, not a noisy remainer or brexiteer, now stepping up to the plate. this is a very serious crisis on a scale with suez, home rule, this goes right to the heart of the legitimacy of government, politics, parliaments, not to mention my party. get this wrong and i think we will be out of office and possibly something even worse than bad brexit, which is jeremy corbyn forming a socialist government. i think a lot of people now are beginning to think very seriously about how to avoid a crisis. you said it is now time for people like yourself to step up, and
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you believe there is an alternative. what makes you confident that it can pass? the prime minister saying this is the best deal there is, brussels saying this is it, we have no other sugarin saying this is it, we have no other sugar in the coppers to give you to sweeten this deal. what makes you think you can go one and come up with a plan b? don't get me wrong, i don't think it would be easy but i don't think it would be easy but i do think there is a majority in the house of commons for a plan b. if the reason i'm more optimistic, and i'm not talking about fundamental changes to this agreement, i think europe has been clear after 2.5 yea rs europe has been clear after 2.5 years that this is as good as the deal gets. i'm talking about a plan b, for me it would bejoining the free trade area. my constituents voted to leave the political union but they wanted to remain in a commercial union, the common market. the problem is europe has linked those two fundamentally. it is a
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political union and single market. for me, the european free trade area is the best option to offered the fundamental basis of leaving the political union but staying in the single market. when i see stephen kinnock and caroline flint, labour mps, and people like david 0wen, people from across the spectrum supporting this, i don't think it's easy but i do think it is possible. for me, anything is more sensible than crashing out and having a no deal in the spring. thank you. it is a national crisis but we are about to land on mars so we need to go to nasa. don't let me get in the way! we might need it in the months ahead! we are just minutes away from nasa's latest attempt to put another spacecraft on mars. scientists are particuarly nervous about the landing — which is by far the hardest part of the mission. once in position the probe will attempt to study the interior of the red planet's surface. we're expecting signals confirming its safe touchdown at around 19:54 london time.
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we canjoin ros atkins, and our science correspondent victoria gill who's in pasadena, california to take us through these crucial next few moments for space exploration. tell us what's happening there at nasa. ten minutes to go before touchdown. this is a life—size model. it will take seven minutes to pass through a powerless journey of entry, descent and landing which means crashing through the martian atmosphere at 12,000 mph. before settling down using a parachute settling down using a parachute settling down using a parachute settling down to where walking speed to land safely, hopefully, on the ground. that should happen in about ten minutes. it will need to plan all three of its beat on a plane which is being known lovingly as maurice's biggest car park. they're aiming rightforthe
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maurice's biggest car park. they're aiming right for the middle. hopefully, when the spacecraft gets down it will start digging into the surface of mars, the first craft to drill deep into maurice's surface and study the interior. we will be watching and waiting. we will be holding our breath along with the rest of the scientists at nasa. what are the main risks to this land as it goes through these particularly difficult seven minutes? it is not easy landing on mars, as you might imagine. but there aren't many perils that it faces. nasa has planned for them all. the heat of the friction against the martian atmosphere, which is a lot thinner than earth's atmosphere. it will cause a lot of friction at that speed, 12,000 mph. there is this huge conical heat shield which point it's nose through the atmosphere and
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travels very quickly. every stage of separation from different stages as it passes through entry, descent and landing isa it passes through entry, descent and landing is a risk. something could go wrong mechanically. will the thrusters kicking to release lewitt down to five miles per hour? it needs to go from bullet speed to walking speed in order to land safely. even at that point, that pressure from the ground will send that first beacon home. that will be its first call home. even then, the nasa mission control team will not be celebrating, the chief scientist told us he won't be celebrating until he sees the battery on the lander has fully charged. that will mean the solar rays have unfurled, the spacecraft is intact on the grounds. it has opened its solar arrays and is ready to go. that's the point at which the mission can begin. we saw a couple of short
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rounds of applause there, there is plenty of pent—up energy. rounds of applause there, there is plenty of pent-up energy. there is, yes. i don't know what time their day started this morning, a lot earlier than ours. there is a lot of crossing fingers, holding breath and waiting and watching, every step. this whole mission has been preprogrammed for this process of entry, descent and landing. this is just the end of a six—month journey. but also just the beginning of the mission. what you will see from mission. what you will see from mission control is that every time something along the stage of the journey goes right, when it starts entering through the atmosphere, when it deploys its parachutes, when the thrusters kick in, what they call the seven minutes of terror it ta kes to call the seven minutes of terror it takes to get through that martian atmosphere and safely to the ground, you will hear a little celebration from mission control. when they get the signal it is down on its feet and safe, that is when we should see the real separations.”
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and safe, that is when we should see the real separations. i think i and safe, that is when we should see the real separations. i think! can see at least 30 or 40 people in matching shirts. are they there are just to watch these final few minutes were had a performing... there are some first bumps going on, that looks like good news. there are some first bumps going on, that looks like good newsm there are some first bumps going on, that looks like good news. it is, tentatively, i think we are getting the signal that it has touched down. as we have said, they won't really be celebrating until they know it is intact but it looks like it is down, we have high fives going on from mission control. it looks like it has planted its beat safely on morris. and don't hold for the very first time. hopefully the science can really start. yes, we have been locked outside mission control and just waiting for news from there. it looks like things have gone well.m looks like things have gone well.m looks like things have gone well.m looks like they're doing a decent job of celebrating right now, they look airy relieved. there must be a
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huge amount of relief, years of planning, six months of travel to a planet 90 million miles away. this isa planet 90 million miles away. this is a huge mission. all of those people lined in a packed mission control, there are thousands of people, hundreds milling around today, vips from nasa, all the scientists, different generations of nasa scientists turning up, effing herself ease with the lander model. they are all part of this international team, german scientific equipment, british, french. it has all come together into this probe that has landed on morris. the first full checkup on morris. the first full checkup on morris in 4 billion years. biggie to ta ke morris in 4 billion years. biggie to take its temperature, listening to its reflexive ‘s and listening carefully. that could work out the inner structure of the planets, and that tells us a lot about rocky planets in our solar system which includes cars. a lot of celebration
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at mission control but it is hopefully just the at mission control but it is hopefullyjust the beginning. people jumping up and down and clapping, they have been waiting a long time and working very hard. now it's just the start. let's assume that it does unpack all its equipment as it supposed to, and the solar panels start working. how long can it continue to operate if everything goes to plan? that's a good question because it is the mission that is to yea rs of because it is the mission that is to years of planning, said the idea is that it's a two—year mission of martian science which starts now. but nasa has an amazing track record of these pieces of kit lasting a lot longer than they were ever plan to last. there is a rover up there which has been roving for 15 years. they think they might have lost the signaljust this they think they might have lost the signal just this year they think they might have lost the
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signaljust this year but they they think they might have lost the signal just this year but they are still holding out hope. there is still holding out hope. there is still a desk at mission control dedicated to it. although it is to yea rs of dedicated to it. although it is to years of plant science, that was what the funding was for, what the mission entails, it could go for much longer and scientists hope it will. we can see the screens in front of these scientists with lots of data coming in about this mission. how does the lander communicate with nasa ? mission. how does the lander communicate with nasa? how frequently can they pull information? that is one of the most mind—boggling things i found about today. mad planets, the red planet is 90 million miles away from us. it ta kes is 90 million miles away from us. it takes eight minutes to get a signal from mars to earth. what blew my mind is when the team from mission control at the signal to say the craft had entered the martian atmosphere, in reality the craft was already on the ground. that first
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beacon took eight minutes to reach earth. that is just the first call home. it is a pressure trigger from those three feet passing on the martian surface. that pushes gently up, hopefully at five miles per hour, pushes a button, essentially sends a beacon that says i have landed. now it is a case of relief sitting still and watching and waiting. 0ne sitting still and watching and waiting. one of the first things we will hopefully see is the craft taking its camera and taking a picture of its surroundings. ansan that image back to earth. then the scientists will study that incredibly carefully. they will be sitting there waiting, studying, watching to see exactly where they should deploy these pieces of scientific equipment. they have on—board the first monitor vertigo samaras, the first drill to drill metres into the surface. this
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incredibly sensitive kits. they need to know the best place in one spot they have got now a window in front of this spacecraft. they want to pick the best spot to get the best data. and where they can place that material, they can place it carefully a nd material, they can place it carefully and make sure it is safe and can do itsjob. carefully and make sure it is safe and can do its job. so far, so good, it would seem. reporting there from pasadena, whereas we could see mission control at nasser celebrations starting. this isjust the first stage. it appears that the lander has managed to land on morris. putting another robotic robe on the planet. carrying a suite of instruments, many of them made and defined in europe to try to determine the internal structure of the planets. we havejust heard determine the internal structure of the planets. we have just heard from victoria that the lander appears to have survived intact, as it made its
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way onto the surface of the planet, sending that signal home after all three feet of the probe touched down and sent that beacon all the way back. it takes about a minute for the signal to arrive back home. more on that success in a moment. the headlines, nasser‘s spacecraft lands on morris. british summers could be five degrees hotter by 2070 if greenhouse gas emissions aren't cut, that's according to new met office projections. after getting her deal signed off by the eu's 27 member states yesterday, theresa may speaks to the house of commons to persuade mps to back it. pardoned and freed by the united arab emirates, the british academic matthew hedges, who'd been sentenced to life in prison for spying. ukraine's parliament votes to impose martial law after russia seized three of its nazy ships in a move
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the united states called an "outrageous violation of sovereign territory."
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